100,570 results match your criteria Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice [Journal]


Lack of online video educational resources for open colorectal surgery training.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Colorectal Unit, Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust, Plymouth, UK.

Background: Video recordings of open surgical procedures could provide a method for enhancing surgical education, analysing operative performance and presenting cases to a wider audience of surgeons. The aim of this pilot study was to systematically search the World Wide Web to determine the availability of open surgery videos and to evaluate their potential training value in terms of the educational content presented.

Methods: A broad search for open right hemicolectomy videos was performed on the three most used English language internet search engines (Google. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15077DOI Listing
February 2019

[Guidelines of the German Respiratory Society for Diagnosis and Treatment of Adults Suffering from Acute, Subacute and Chronic Cough].

Pneumologie 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Facharztforum Fürth.

The present 2019 S2k consensus guideline of the German Respiratory Society was written - in contrast to the predecessor more general S3 guidelines from 2004 and 2010 - for pneumologists, since 2014 the German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians (DEGAM) published his own cough guidelines.The guideline contains 48 recommendations agreed by consensus and 16 statements, which are explained in the background text in the following nine chapters: epidemiology, physiology, classification, acute, subacute or chronic cough, diagnostics and therapy; an extra chapter was dedicated to chronic idiopathic cough. Further emphasis of the guideline is the physiology of cough in anticipation of the introduction of new drugs, as well as detailed treatises on cough triggered by affections in the upper respiratory tract or by gastroesophageal reflux. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0808-7409DOI Listing
February 2019

Policies towards DCD liver transplantation: a need for a guideline?

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Department of Surgery, Division of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Transplant Surgery, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Liver transplantation (LT) using grafts from donation after circulatory death (DCD) is evolving to standard of care in many countries. Various transplant centers have developed a protocol for DCD-LT. The existence of numerous protocols may cause inconsistencies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jhbp.614DOI Listing
February 2019

Route towards sustainable smart sensors: ferroelectric polyvinylidene fluoride-based materials and their integration in flexible electronics.

Chem Soc Rev 2019 Feb 18. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Joanneum Research Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Franz-Pichler Str. Nr. 30, 8160 Weiz, Austria.

With the advent of the Internet of Everything (IoE) era, our civilization and future generations will employ an unimaginable complex array of electronics and sensors in daily life. Ferroelectric polymers represent a core group of materials supporting the fast development of IoE, and their functionality, straightforward processing and unmatched versatility make them prime candidates for integration in multifaceted devices. Since they are highly selective, highly responsive, highly scalable, self-powering and compatible with flexible and stretchable substrates, they can be easily integrated with various electronics into numerous stand-alone objects and even into skin as sensors for monitoring diverse mechanical, thermal and vital parameters. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c8cs00928gDOI Listing
February 2019

Interrelations between participant and intervention characteristics, process variables and outcomes in online interventions: A protocol for overarching analyses within and across seven clinical trials in ICare.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 1;16:86-97. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Technische Universität Dresden, School of Science, Department of Psychology, Chair of Clinical Psychology and E-Mental-Health, Dresden, Germany.

Background: It is well known that web-based interventions can be effective treatments for various conditions. Less is known about predictors, moderators, and mediators of outcome and especially interrelations between participant and interventions characteristics, process variables and outcomes in online interventions. Clinical trials often lack statistical power to detect variables that affect intervention effects and their interrelations. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.05.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364443PMC

A web-based intervention for carers of individuals with anorexia nervosa (We Can): Trial protocol of a randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of different levels of support.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 22;16:76-85. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Section of Eating Disorders, PO Box 59, 16, De Crespigny Park, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a life-threatening mental disorder that is associated with substantial caregiver burden. Carers of individuals with AN report high levels of distress and self-blame, and insufficient knowledge to help their loved ones. However, carers can have a very important role to play in aiding recovery from AN, and are often highly motivated to assist in the treatment process. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364327PMC

Healthy Teens @ School: Evaluating and disseminating transdiagnostic preventive interventions for eating disorders and obesity for adolescents in school settings.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 27;16:65-75. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

FernFH Distance Learning University of Applied Sciences, Wiener Neustadt, Austria.

Background: The worldwide prevalence of overweight and obesity is at alarming levels. Nearly one in three children in Europe is overweight or obese. Disordered eating and body image concerns are equally widespread and increase risk for more chronic and severe weight-related problems. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364512PMC

Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of guided and unguided internet- and mobile-based indicated transdiagnostic prevention of depression and anxiety (ICare Prevent): A three-armed randomized controlled trial in four European countries.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 15;16:52-64. Epub 2018 Apr 15.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Nägelsbachstraße 25a, Germany.

Background: Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent and often co-occur. Several studies indicate the potential of disorder-specific psychological interventions for the prevention of each of these disorders. To treat comorbidity, transdiagnostic treatment concepts seem to be a promising approach, however, evidence for transdiagnostic concepts of prevention remains inconclusive. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.04.002DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364519PMC

An Internet based intervention for improving resilience and coping strategies in university students: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 22;16:43-51. Epub 2018 Mar 22.

University Jaume, Castellón, Spain.

Background: The literature shows a high prevalence of depression and anxiety in young people. The university represents a change in the lives of students, and is considered a stress factor. Therefore, it is particularly relevant to develop interventions specifically addressed to students and foster supportive environments and resilient communities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.03.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364440PMC

Web-based indicated prevention of common mental disorders in university students in four European countries - Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 15;16:35-42. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Section of Eating Disorders, PO59, 16 De Crespigny Park, London SE5 8AF, United Kingdom.

Background: Mental disorders and their symptoms are highly prevalent in the university student population, and the transition from secondary to tertiary education is associated with a rise in mental health problems. Existing web-based interventions for the prevention of common mental disorders in student populations often focus on just one disorder and have not been designed specifically for students. There is thus a need for transdiagnostic, student-specific preventative interventions that can be widely disseminated. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364328PMC

Using internet-based self-help to bridge waiting time for face-to-face outpatient treatment for Bulimia Nervosa, Binge Eating Disorder and related disorders: Study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 26;16:26-34. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Klinische Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Chemnitzer Str. 46, D-01187 Dresden, Germany.

Background: Eating disorders are serious conditions associated with an impaired health-related quality of life and increased healthcare utilization and costs. Despite the existence of evidence-based treatments, access to treatment is often delayed due to insufficient health care resources. Internet-based self-help interventions may have the potential to successfully bridge waiting time for face-to-face outpatient treatment and, thus, contribute to overcoming treatment gaps. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364326PMC

everyBody-Tailored online health promotion and eating disorder prevention for women: Study protocol of a dissemination trial.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 26;16:20-25. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Technische Universität Dresden, Institut für Klinische Psychologie & Psychotherapie, Chemnitzer Str. 46, 01187 Dresden, Germany.

Background: Although there is extensive evidence for the efficacy of online eating disorder (ED) prevention programs in clinical trials, these programs have rarely been adopted beyond the trial phase and offered to a wider audience. As risk factors for eating disorders are partly associated with overweight and overweight in turn is correlated to disordered eating, this study will offer a combined eating disorder prevention program which also promotes a balanced lifestyle to normal weight and overweight individuals alike. The efficacy of the program has been proven in previous trials. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364518PMC

Assessing the costs and cost-effectiveness of ICare internet-based interventions (protocol).

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 27;16:12-19. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

TechnischeUniversität Dresden, School of Science, Faculty of Psychology, Chair ofClinical Psychology and E-Mental-Health, 01062 Dresden, Germany.

Background: Mental health problems are common and place a burden on the individual as well as on societal resources. Despite the existence of evidence-based treatments, access to treatment is often prevented or delayed due to insufficient health care resources. Effective internet-based self-help interventions have the potential to reduce the risk for mental health problems, to successfully bridge waiting time for face-to-face treatment and to address inequities in access. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.02.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364355PMC

Implementing online interventions in ICare: A biostatistical perspective.

Internet Interv 2019 Apr 11;16:5-11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institute of Biostatistics and Clinical Research, Schmeddingstraße 56, D-48149 Münster, Germany.

The implementation of research studies is a highly complex process. All decisions with respect to the study design impact the statistical analyses and interpretation of the results. Within the ICare research project (EU H2020 Grant agreement 634757) seven research trials are conducted to generate evidence on efficacy, effectiveness and the dissemination potential of online interventions targeting eating disorders, common mental health problems and resilience. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.invent.2018.12.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6364454PMC

Early intervention for obsessive compulsive disorder: An expert consensus statement.

Eur Neuropsychopharmacol 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common, emerges early in life and tends to run a chronic, impairing course. Despite the availability of effective treatments, the duration of untreated illness (DUI) is high (up to around 10 years in adults) and is associated with considerable suffering for the individual and their families. This consensus statement represents the views of an international group of expert clinicians, including child and adult psychiatrists, psychologists and neuroscientists, working both in high and low and middle income countries, as well as those with the experience of living with OCD. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

[A machine learning model on orthokeratology lens fitting based on the data of optometry examination].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2019 Feb;55(2):105-110

Beijing Internet Eyecare Technology Clinic, Beijing 100027, China.

To get an orthokeratology lens fitting model according to the research of the optometry examination data, which can help to improve the work efficiency and increase the hitting rate of prescription. The relationship between the basic optometry examination data and the effective optometry prescription was evaluated. We got 1 467 sets of data, including 80%(1 173) for training and 20%(294) for testing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019

Therapist-guided and parent-guided internet-delivered behaviour therapy for paediatric Tourette's disorder: a pilot randomised controlled trial with long-term follow-up.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 15;9(2):e024685. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: Behaviour therapy (BT) for Tourette's disorder (TD) and persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder (PTD) is rarely available. We evaluated the feasibility of adapting two existing BT protocols for TD/PTD (habit reversal training (HRT) and exposure and response prevention (ERP)) into a therapist-guided and parent-guided online self-help format.

Design: A pilot, single-blind, parallel group randomised controlled trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024685DOI Listing
February 2019

A scoping review of consumer needs for cancer information.

Patient Educ Couns 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: This study was a scoping review of research on cancer-related health information seeking and needs of patients, survivor, non-patients, and caregivers.

Methods: This study used the COSI model to search for articles published from 2007 to 2017.

Results: In total, 117 articles with titles and abstracts including the following terms were selected: cancer, health, information, seeking. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019

End-of-Life Decisions 20 Years after EURONIC: Neonatologists' Self-Reported Practices, Attitudes, and Treatment Choices in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria.

J Pediatr 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Neonatology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Objective: To assess changes in attitudes of neonatologists regarding the care of extremely preterm infants and parental involvement over the last 20 years.

Study Design: Internet-based survey (2016) involving 170 tertiary neonatal intensive care units in Austria, Switzerland, and Germany using the European Project on Parents' Information and Ethical Decision Making in Neonatal Intensive Care Units questionnaire (German edition) with minor modifications to the original survey from 1996 to 1997.

Results: The 2016 survey included 104 respondents (52. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.12.064DOI Listing
February 2019

[E-coaching, a new prevention tool].

Authors:
Boris Hansel

Soins 2019 Jan - Feb;64(832):29-30

Hôpital Bichat Claude-Bernard, 46, rue Henri-Huchard, 75877 Paris, France. Electronic address:

E-coaching is an emerging therapeutic tool. It provides effective support for patients using a progressive, adaptive and viable model. It has a vast scope of application and the population likely to comply with it is significant. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soin.2018.12.006DOI Listing
February 2019

Disparity in online health information in pediatric vs. adult surgical conditions.

Pediatr Surg Int 2019 Feb 15. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Although the quality of online health information (OHI) for adult surgical conditions is well described, the availability of quality OHI for pediatric surgical conditions, and the comparison to that of adult surgical OHI, remains undefined.

Methods: Medical and lay terms for 15 pediatric and 15 adult surgical conditions were searched using Google in English. The Health on the Net Foundation, a non-governmental OHI accreditation body, designates approval for quality websites. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-019-04451-yDOI Listing
February 2019

[Integration of Micro Sensors with Mobile Devices for Monitoring Vital Signs of Sleep Apnea Patients].

Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi 2019 Jan;43(1):29-31

Wenzhou Central Hospital, Wenzhou, 325000.

This paper demonstrates a BSN-based portable monitor integrating micro sensors with mobile devices for monitoring and diagnosing obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) at home. The system uses a micro hot-film flow sensor to detect respiratory flow, uses tri-axis micro accelerometer to detect body posture and motion intensity, and uses a micro photoelectric sensor to detect oxygen saturation of blood. The real-time vital signs are detected and transmitted wirelessly to a mobile device. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1671-7104.2019.01.008DOI Listing
January 2019

Webinars for continuing education in oral and maxillofacial surgery: The Austrian experience.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the acceptance of a webinar series for continuing medical education hosted by the Austrian Society for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (ÖGMKG). A series of twelve webinars was streamed via the Internet and the participants' satisfaction was evaluated by an online questionnaire. 51 out of 140 participants (36. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2019.01.009DOI Listing
January 2019

A new multi-agent particle swarm algorithm based on birds accents for the 3D indoor deployment problem.

ISA Trans 2019 Feb 4. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

UT2J, CNRS-IRIT (RMESS), University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France. Electronic address:

The 3D indoor deployment of sensor nodes is a complex real world problem, proven to be NP-hard and difficult to resolve using classical methods. In this context, we propose a hybrid approach relying on a novel bird's accent-based many objective particle swarm optimization algorithm (named acMaPSO) to resolve the problem of 3D indoor deployment on the Internet of Things collection networks. The new concept of bird's accent is presented to assess the search ability of particles in their local areas. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.isatra.2019.01.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Testosterone Imposters: An Analysis of Popular Online Testosterone Boosting Supplements.

J Sex Med 2019 Feb;16(2):203-212

Department of Surgery-Urology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Testosterone-boosting supplements (T-Boosters) are prominently featured on Amazon.com, with numerous dedicated pages and claims that they "naturally" increase testosterone levels.

Aim: To evaluate the highest rated and frequently reviewed T-Boosters on Amazon. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2018.12.008DOI Listing
February 2019

Personally relevant online advertisements: Effects of demographic targeting on visual attention and brand evaluation.

PLoS One 2019 15;14(2):e0212419. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Global investments in online advertising rise quickly but internet users often avoid looking at ads due to established banner blindness. Demographic targeting is expected to overcome this tendency by attracting users' attention to more self-relevant ad content. However, little is known about the effect of demographically targeted versus non-targeted ads on users' actual attention allocation during exposure to webpages. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212419PLOS
February 2019

Health Care and Cybersecurity: Bibliometric Analysis of the Literature.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 15;21(2):e12644. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States.

Background: Over the past decade, clinical care has become globally dependent on information technology. The cybersecurity of health care information systems is now an essential component of safe, reliable, and effective health care delivery.

Objective: The objective of this study was to provide an overview of the literature at the intersection of cybersecurity and health care delivery. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.jmir.org/2019/2/e12644/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12644DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Patient-Level Prediction of Cardio-Cerebrovascular Events in Hypertension Using Nationwide Claims Data.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 15;21(2):e11757. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Office of eHealth Research and Business, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Background: Prevention and management of chronic diseases are the main goals of national health maintenance programs. Previously widely used screening tools, such as Health Risk Appraisal, are restricted in their achievement this goal due to their limitations, such as static characteristics, accessibility, and generalizability. Hypertension is one of the most important chronic diseases requiring management via the nationwide health maintenance program, and health care providers should inform patients about their risks of a complication caused by hypertension. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.jmir.org/2019/2/e11757/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/11757DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

A Framework for Analyzing and Measuring Usage and Engagement Data (AMUsED) in Digital Interventions: Viewpoint.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 15;21(2):e10966. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Center for Clinical and Community Applications of Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Trials of digital interventions can yield extensive, in-depth usage data, yet usage analyses tend to focus on broad descriptive summaries of how an intervention has been used by the whole sample. This paper proposes a novel framework to guide systematic, fine-grained usage analyses that better enables understanding of how an intervention works, when, and for whom. The framework comprises three stages to assist in the following: (1) familiarization with the intervention and its relationship to the captured data, (2) identification of meaningful measures of usage and specifying research questions to guide systematic analyses of usage data, and (3) preparation of datasheets and consideration of available analytical methods with which to examine the data. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.jmir.org/2019/2/e10966/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10966DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Pilot Testing the Feasibility of a Game Intervention Aimed at Improving Help Seeking and Coping Among Sexual and Gender Minority Youth: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Feb 15;8(2):e12164. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Background: Sexual and gender minority youth (SGMY; eg, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth) experience myriad substance use and mental health disparities compared with their cisgender (nontransgender) heterosexual peers. Despite much research showing these disparities are driven by experiences of bullying and cyberbullying victimization, few interventions have aimed to improve the health of bullied SGMY. One possible way to improve the health of bullied SGMY is via a Web-accessible game intervention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12164DOI Listing
February 2019

Discussing Weight Management With Type 2 Diabetes Patients in Primary Care Using the Small Talk Big Difference Intervention: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Feb 15;8(2):e12162. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background: Guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes universally recommend that adults with type 2 diabetes and obesity be offered individualized interventions to encourage weight loss. Yet despite the existing recommendations, provision of weight management services is currently patchy around the United Kingdom and where services are available, high attrition rates are often reported. In addition, individuals often fail to take up services, that is, after discussion with a general practitioner or practice nurse, individuals are referred to the service but do not attend for an appointment. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12162DOI Listing
February 2019

Mitigation of Participant Loss to Follow-Up Using Facebook: All Our Families Longitudinal Pregnancy Cohort.

J Med Internet Res 2019 Feb 15;21(2):e10441. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Community Health Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.

Background: Facebook, a popular social media site, allows users to communicate and exchange information. Social media sites can also be used as databases to search for individuals, including cohort participants. Retaining and tracking cohort participants are essential for the validity and generalizability of data in longitudinal research. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10441DOI Listing
February 2019

Correction to: Economic and operational impact of an improved pathway using rapid molecular diagnostic testing for patients with influenza-like illness in a German emergency department.

J Clin Monit Comput 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University Hospital Marburg, 35033, Marburg, Germany.

The article Economic and operational impact of an improved pathway using rapid molecular diagnostic testing for patients with influenza-like illness in a German emergency department, written by Matthias Brachmann, Katja Kikull, Clemens Kill and Susanne Betz, was originally published electronically on the publisher's internet portal (currently SpringerLink) on 04 January 2019 without open access. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10877-019-00262-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Artificial Intelligence Crime: An Interdisciplinary Analysis of Foreseeable Threats and Solutions.

Sci Eng Ethics 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, 1 St Giles, Oxford, OX1 3JS, UK.

Artificial intelligence (AI) research and regulation seek to balance the benefits of innovation against any potential harms and disruption. However, one unintended consequence of the recent surge in AI research is the potential re-orientation of AI technologies to facilitate criminal acts, term in this article AI-Crime (AIC). AIC is theoretically feasible thanks to published experiments in automating fraud targeted at social media users, as well as demonstrations of AI-driven manipulation of simulated markets. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11948-018-00081-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Epidemic intelligence needs of stakeholders in the Asia-Pacific region.

Western Pac Surveill Response J 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):28-36. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To understand the global outbreak surveillance needs of stakeholders involved in epidemic response in selected countries and areas in the Asia-Pacific region to inform development of an epidemic observatory, Epi-watch.

Methods: We designed an online, semi-structured stakeholder questionnaire to collect information on global outbreak surveillance sources and limitations from participants who use epidemic intelligence and outbreak alert services in their work in government and nongovernment organizations in the Asia-Pacific region.

Results: All respondents agreed that it was important to remain up to date with global outbreaks. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5365/wpsar.2018.9.2.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356040PMC
December 2018

Corrigendum: Development of an Online and Offline Integration Hypothesis for Healthy Internet Use: Theory and Preliminary Evidence.

Front Psychol 2019 31;10:106. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Psychiatry, Child Study Center, Department of Neuroscience, and the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6366243PMC
January 2019

Molecular pathways of oral cancer that predict prognosis and survival: A systematic review.

J Carcinog 2018 31;17. Epub 2018 Dec 31.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Ramaiah University of Applied Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Several genes and pathways associated with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) are significant in terms of early detection and prognosis. The objective of this literature review is to evaluate the current research on molecular pathways and genes involved in oral cancer. Articles on the genes involved in oral cancer pathways were evaluated to identify potential biomarkers that can predict survival. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcar.JCar_17_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334533PMC
December 2018

Small-scale and backyard livestock owners needs assessment in the western United States.

PLoS One 2019 14;14(2):e0212372. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, United States of America.

The number of small-scale and backyard livestock and poultry owners in urban and peri-urban areas has increased greatly over the last 10 years in the U.S. However, these animal owners may live in areas without access to livestock and/or poultry veterinary care. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0212372PLOS
February 2019

Google Trends predicts present and future plague cases during the plague outbreak in Madagascar: insights and implications from an infodemiological study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, IL.

Background: Plague is a highly infectious zoonotic disease caused by the bacillus Yersinia pestis. Three major forms of the disease are known: bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic plague. Though being strictly related to past history, plague still represents a global public health concern. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/13142DOI Listing
January 2019

Efficacy of Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Treatment-Induced Menopausal Symptoms in Breast Cancer Survivors: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb 14:JCO1800655. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Purpose: We evaluated the effect of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT), with or without therapist support, on the perceived impact of hot flushes and night sweats (HF/NS) and overall levels of menopausal symptoms (primary outcomes), sleep quality, HF/NS frequency, sexual functioning, psychological distress, and health-related quality of life in breast cancer survivors with treatment-induced menopausal symptoms.

Patients And Methods: We randomly assigned 254 breast cancer survivors to a therapist-guided or a self-managed iCBT group or to a waiting list control group. The 6-week iCBT program included psycho-education, behavior monitoring, and cognitive restructuring. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.18.00655DOI Listing
February 2019

Digital Education in Health Professions: The Need for Overarching Evidence Synthesis.

J Med Internet Res 2019 02 14;21(2):e12913. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Health Workforce Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Synthesizing evidence from randomized controlled trials of digital health education poses some challenges. These include a lack of clear categorization of digital health education in the literature; constantly evolving concepts, pedagogies, or theories; and a multitude of methods, features, technologies, or delivery settings. The Digital Health Education Collaboration was established to evaluate the evidence on digital education in health professions; inform policymakers, educators, and students; and ultimately, change the way in which these professionals learn and are taught. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12913DOI Listing
February 2019

Scleroderma patient perspectives on social support from close social relationships.

Disabil Rehabil 2019 Feb 14:1-11. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

a Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Jewish General Hospital , Montreal , Canada.

Purpose: People with rare diseases must cope with many physical and psychological challenges; an endeavor that can be difficult to carry out without external support. The purpose of this study was to understand how patients with scleroderma perceive the social support they need and receive from close relationships to better manage their disease.

Method: Four focus groups with patients (N = 19) were conducted. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2018.1531151DOI Listing
February 2019

[Lower urinary tract symptoms among women in the Russian Federation: data from an online survey].

Urologiia 2018 Oct(4):5-8

Department of Urology, A.I. Evdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To estimate the prevalence and severity of lower urinary tract symptoms in the female population using a LUTS-specific questionnaire.

Materials And Methods: The study analyzed the prevalence of LUTS in the population of women residing in the Russian Federation. Information about voiding disorders in women, which was announced on federal television health-related programs, was posted on the website of the medical portal zdorovieinfo. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
October 2018

Demographic data, habits of use and personal impression of the first generation of users of virtual reality viewers in Spain.

Data Brief 2018 Dec 29;21:2651-2657. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Alfonso X el Sabio University, Spain.

Taking into account that the first virtual reality viewers started to be marketed in Spain at the end of 2016 (Gadelha, 2018; Parong and Mayer, 2018; Rizzo and Koenig, 2017) [1], [2], [3], a questionnaire was designed in order to show the social and demographic profile of this first generation of users of virtual reality experiences, itemising their ages, genders, educational level, professional field and present work status. Furthermore, the participants' habits of use, interests, attitudes, assessments about the future potential of virtual reality in a range of areas and their preferences in this area are shown through the other items of the questionnaire. A wide sample of 117 participants, who were early adopters of virtual reality viewers, was obtained posting a new thread in the virtual reality forum of the Internet website ' The data were collected by means of an online questionnaire hosted at the private servers of ' The sample did not undergo any pre-treatment and the obtained data were not altered. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2018.11.127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6290256PMC
December 2018

A Study into the Reliability of the Data Flow from GPS Enabled Portable Fitness Devices to the Internet.

Int J Exerc Sci 2018 4;11(7):1184-1193. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

School of Health and Sport Science, Eastern Institute of Technology (EIT), Napier, Hawkes's Bay, NEW ZEALAND.

The growth in availability and affordability of portable fitness devices (PFDs) has facilitated a concomitant growth in the collection and sharing of what are assumed to be reliable measures of exercise and physical activity. This data is increasingly used by fitness trainers to track performance progression, and plan training. Whilst the reliability and validity of these devices has been reported, investigation into the variance in the data at different access points is less well examined. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6355125PMC
October 2018

Psychopathology and personality in problematic internet users.

Riv Psichiatr 2019 Jan-Feb;54(1):24-30

Department of Human Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Sapienza University of Rome.

Few studies have addressed the issue of psychopathology and personality of individuals with problematic use of internet. In this study we research psychopathological symptoms, personality traits and predictive variables associated with problematic internet use. The study was conducted on a total of 343 students from four Italian Universities using Pathological Internet Use Scale, Big Five Questionnaire, and Symptom Check List 90 Revised. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1708/3104.30937DOI Listing
February 2019

Multimorbidity, eHealth and implications for equity: a cross-sectional survey of patient perspectives on eHealth.

BMJ Open 2019 Feb 12;9(2):e023731. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: There is increasing awareness of the burden of medical care experienced by those with multimorbidity. There is also increasing interest and activity in engaging patients with chronic disease in technology-based health-related activities ('eHealth') in family practice. Little is known about patients' access to, and interest in eHealth, in particular those with a higher burden of care associated with multimorbidity. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023731DOI Listing
February 2019