3,366 results match your criteria International Psychogeriatrics[Journal]


The key factors for the engagement of primary stakeholders in decision-making for the future care of people with dementia living in the community: a systematic integrative review.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 14:1-16. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine and Health,The University of Sydney,Camperdown, New South Wales,Australia.

ABSTRACTBackground:Engagement of people with dementia who are living in the community, their family or carers, and healthcare professionals in decision-making related to their future care is an area yet to be explored in the literature. In particular, little is known about the factors most likely to underpin their engagement.

Objectives: To identify key factors for the engagement of the person with dementia living in the community, as well as their family or carer and their healthcare professionals in decision-making processes related to future care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104161021900005XDOI Listing
February 2019

Rest-activity rhythms and depression symptoms in older bereaved adults.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 14:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Psychiatry,University of Pittsburgh,Pittsburgh, PA,USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002181DOI Listing
February 2019

Validation of the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) for older Chilean adults.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 11:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Universidad Francisco de Vitoria,Madrid,Spain.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002375DOI Listing
February 2019

Improved understanding, detection, and management of neuropsychiatric complications: essential components to the optimal treatment of Parkinson's disease.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan;31(1):1-4

Rutgers,The State University of New Jersey,Robert Wood Johnson Medical School,Piscataway,NJ,USA.

It has been well established that Parkinson's disease (PD) is not just a movement disorder (Weintraub and Burn, 2011). Fortunately, the past two decades have seen increased attention to the neuropsychiatric aspects of the disease process. Neuropsychiatric symptoms (e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610219000048DOI Listing
January 2019

Response to Kawada.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan;31(1):155

Department of Neurology,Tianjin Huanhu Hospital,Tianjin,China.

Thank you very much for your interest in our paper (Kawada, 2018). First, the patients in our study were from one single medical center, while Bonanni's study was a nationwide multicenter research project. Therefore, we do not think it is appropriate to compare these two studies directly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218000790DOI Listing
January 2019
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Risk of caregiver burden in patients with three types of dementia.

Authors:
Tomoyuki Kawada

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan;31(1):153

Department of Hygiene and Public Health,Nippon Medical School,Bunkyo-Ku,Tokyo,Japan.

Liu et al. (2017) investigated caregiver burden of patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), which was compared with caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease. The authors concluded that the frequency and severity of behavioral disturbances in caregiver of patients with FTD and DLB were higher than those with caregivers of patients with Alzheimer's disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218000662DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Self-management and social participation in community-dwelling people with mild dementia: a review of measuring instruments.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 6:1-19. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam University Medical Centers - VUmc,Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute,Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

ABSTRACTBackground:In order to evaluate interventions promoting social health in people with dementia it is essential to have reliable and valid measures. The present review aims to provide an overview of available instruments for the assessment of two domains of social health in community-dwelling people with mild dementia, i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001709DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Meaning in life matters for older adults with Alzheimer's disease in residential care: associations with life satisfaction and depressive symptoms.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 6:1-9. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences,KU Leuven-University of Leuven,Leuven,Belgium.

ABSTRACTObjectives:To examine whether previously established associations between experiences of meaning in life on the one hand and life satisfaction and depressive symptoms on the other hand are transferable to a population of older residential care residents with Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Design: Cross-sectional study using questionnaires administered in a structured interview format.

Setting: Nine residential care settings in Flanders, Belgium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002338DOI Listing
February 2019

Well-being in dementia: a cross-sectional dyadic study of the impact of multiple dimensions of strain on persons living with dementia and their family care partners.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 6:1-10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

College of Nursing & Center on Aging,The University of Utah,Salt Lake City, UT,USA.

ABSTRACTBackground and Purpose:The impact of dementia-related stressors and strains have been examined for their potential to threaten the well-being of either the person with dementia or the family care partner, but rarely have studies considered the dyadic nature of well-being in dementia. The purpose of this study was to examine the dyadic effects of multiple dimensions of strain on the well-being of dementia care dyads.

Methods: Using multilevel modeling to account for the inter-relatedness of individual well-being within dementia care dyads, we examined cross-sectional responses collected from 42 dyads comprised of a hospitalized patient diagnosed with a primary progressive dementia (PWD) and their family care partner (CP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104161021800203XDOI Listing
February 2019

Compliance and drug-related problems in probable Alzheimer's disease elderly.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 6:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Pharmaceutical Sciences Program,São Paulo State University (UNESP),Araraquara,Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104161021800234XDOI Listing
February 2019

Distinct age-related associations for body mass index and cognition in cognitively healthy very old veterans.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 5:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Psychiatry,Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,New York, NY,USA.

ABSTRACTAssociations between high body mass index (BMI) and subsequent cognitive decline, reported in elderly averaging below age 75, become less consistent at older ages. We compared the associations of BMI with cognition in moderately old (ages 75-84, N = 154) and oldest-old (85+, N = 93) samples. BMI and cognition were assessed cross-sectionally in cognitively intact elderly (mean age = 84. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001412DOI Listing
February 2019

Unmet needs in community-living persons with dementia are common, often non-medical and related to patient and caregiver characteristics.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 4:1-12. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences,Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,Baltimore, MD,USA.

ABSTRACTObjective:Understanding which characteristics of persons with dementia (PWD) and their caregivers are associated with unmet needs can inform strategies to address those needs. Our purpose was to determine the percentage of PWD having unmet needs and significant correlates of unmet needs in PWD.

Design: Cross-sectional data were analyzed using bivariate and hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002296DOI Listing
February 2019

Disability in older adults across the continuum of cognitive decline: unique contributions of depression, sleep disturbance, cognitive deficits and medical burden.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 4:1-15. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Healthy Brain Ageing Program,The University of Sydney,Camperdown, NSW,Australia.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Disability in older adults is associated with a need for support in work, education, and community activities, reduced independence, and poorer quality of life. This study examines potential determinants of disability in a clinical sample of older adults across the continuum of cognitive decline, including sociodemographic, medical, psychiatric, and cognitive factors.

Design: This is a cross-sectional study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002144DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Potentially modifiable factors associated with agitation and aggression in Alzheimer's disease: results of the ICTUS study.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 4:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Alzheimer's Disease Research and Clinical Center, Gérontopôle,Toulouse University Hospital,Toulouse,France.

ABSTRACTObjectives:To study potentially modifiable factors associated with the severity of agitation or aggression (A/A) symptoms among Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients.

Design: Data from the Impact of Cholinergic Treatment Use (ICTUS) study, European longitudinal prospective observational study.

Setting: Community dwelling outpatients included in 29 European memory clinics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001990DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effect of reminiscence therapy for people with dementia.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 4:1-17. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

College of Nursing,Hanyang University,Seoul,Republic of Korea.

ABSTRACTBackground:The main objective of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis to identify the effects of reminiscence therapy in people with dementia (PWD).

Methods: A systematic search of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted using bibliographic databases. A total of 157 original published studies were identified in the search, and 24 complete articles were included in the final review to check for the level of evidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002168DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of mind-body interventions in older adults with mild cognitive impairment: a systematic review.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Feb 4:1-24. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Center of Research Unit for Sport and Physical Activity (CIDAF) at Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education,University of Coimbra,Coimbra,Portugal.

ABSTRACTBackground:Mind-body interventions have been associated with a range of positive outcomes in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The aim of the present study was to review the impact of different non-pharmacological programs based on mind-body intervention for older adults with MCI.

Methods: A comprehensive search method as required by the Cochrane Collaboration has been performed through the following databases: Google Scholar, Science Direct, PubMed, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINHAL, Cochrane, Ebsco. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002302DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Characterizing the symptom of misplacing objects in people with dementia: findings from an online tracking tool.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 30:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine,Dalhousie University and Nova Scotia Health Authority,Halifax, Nova Scotia,Canada.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Misplacing objects is often reported as a clinically important symptom in dementia. Here we explored misplacing objects in relation to dementia type and stage in an online sample of individuals with dementia and their caregivers.

Methods: Participants were recruited from www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104161021800220XDOI Listing
January 2019

Cardiovascular diseases and related risk factors accelerated cognitive deterioration in patients with late-life depression: a one-year prospective study.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 30:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychiatry,The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital),Guangzhou,China.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Cognitive impairment in late-life depression is common and associated with a higher risk of all-cause dementia. Late-life depression patients with comorbid cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) or related risk factors may experience higher risks of cognitive deterioration in the short term. We aim to investigate the effect of CVDs and their related risk factors on the cognitive function of patients with late-life depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002041DOI Listing
January 2019

Differential associations between depression and cognitive function in MCI and AD: a cross-sectional study.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 30:1-8. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Psychiatry,Chuncheon Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine,Chuncheon,South Korea.

ABSTRACTObjective:Despite the possibility that cognitive deficits associated with depression may have different patterns depending on the level of neurocognitive impairment, there remains no clear evidence of this. This study aimed to investigate the differential association between depression and cognitive function in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was performed of data from 1,724 patients with MCI and 1,247 patients with AD from the Clinical Research Center for Dementia in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001527DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Ageism in informal care network members of older women.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 30:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Paul Baerwald School of Social Work and Social Welfare,The Hebrew University of Jerusalem,Jerusalem,Israel.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Negative attitudes toward aging are common among formal healthcare providers, but have been infrequently assessed among informal caregivers providing assistance to older adults. The current study sought to identify factors associated with ageism toward older women.

Design: Multivariate hierarchical linear regression modelSetting:Lower-income neighborhoods in an urban setting in the Midwestern USAParticipants:144 care network members of White and African American women aged ≥ 65 yearsMeasurements:Age Group Evaluation and Description (AGED) Inventory assessed attitudes toward older women; CES-D scale measured depressive symptoms; Intergenerational Affectional Solidarity Scale assessed relationship closeness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001977DOI Listing
January 2019

The right kind of smart: emotional intelligence's relationship to cognitive status in community-dwelling older adults.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 30:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

The Cheryl Spencer Department of Nursing, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Science,University of Haifa,Haifa,Israel.

ABSTRACTObjectives:To examine whether emotional intelligence (EI) is associated with cognitive function (CF) in a sample of community-dwelling, non-demented elderly out-patients.

Design: Correlational cross-sectional study.

Setting: Two memory clinics in an urban community in central Israel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002284DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Design and evaluation protocol for 'DEALTS 2': a simulation-based dementia education intervention for acute care settings.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 3:1-10. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Ageing and Dementia Research Centre,Bournemouth University,Royal London House, Lansdowne Campus,Bournemouth,Dorset,UK.

ABSTRACTBackground:There is a paucity of simulation-based dementia education programmes for acute care settings that support the development of interpersonal skills pertinent to good care. Moreover, few studies measure the effectiveness of such programmes by evaluating the persistence of practice change beyond the immediate timeframe of the workshops. We were commissioned by Health Education England (HEE) to develop and evaluate 'DEALTS 2', a national simulation-based education toolkit informed by the Humanisation Values Framework, developed at Bournemouth University and based on an experiential learning approach to facilitate positive impacts on practice. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002193DOI Listing
January 2019

Psychometric properties and feasibility of use of dementia specific quality of life instruments for use in care settings: a systematic review.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 3:1-15. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Centre for Dementia Studies,Brighton and Sussex Medical School,Brighton,UK.

ABSTRACTBackground:Over 400,000 people live in care home settings in the UK. One way of understanding and improving the quality of care provided is by measuring and understanding the quality of life (QoL) of those living in care homes. This review aimed to identify and examine the psychometric properties including feasibility of use of dementia-specific QoL measures developed or validated for use in care settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002259DOI Listing
January 2019

Functional connectivity predictors of acute depression treatment outcome.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 3:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Olin Neuropsychiatry Research Center,Institute of Living of Hartford Hospital,Hartford, CT,USA.

ABSTRACTFew studies have examined functional connectivity (FC) patterns using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to predict outcomes in late-life depression. We hypothesized that FC within and between frontal and limbic regions would be associated with 12-week depression outcome in older depressed adults. Seventy-one subjects with major depression were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002260DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
1.934 Impact Factor

Conceptualization of depression amongst older adults in rural Tanzania: a qualitative study.

Int Psychogeriatr 2019 Jan 3:1-9. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Medicine, Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust,North Tyneside General Hospital,North Shields,UK.

ABSTRACTBackground:Depression in older people is likely to become a growing global health problem with aging populations. Significant cultural variation exists in beliefs about depression (terminology, symptomatology, and treatments) but data from sub-Saharan Africa are minimal. Low-resource interventions for depression have been effective in low-income settings but cannot be utilized without accurate diagnosis. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104161021
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002016DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Positive psychiatry comes of age.

Authors:
Dilip V Jeste

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec;30(12):1735-1738

Sam and Rose Stein Institute for Research on Aging,University of California San Diego,La

Positive psychiatry is the science and practice of psychiatry that focuses on psycho-bio-social study and promotion of well-being and health through enhancement of positive psychosocial factors (such as resilience, optimism, wisdom, and social support) in people with illnesses or disabilities as well as the in community at large (Jeste and Palmer, 2015). It is based on the principles that there is no health without mental health and that mental health can be improved through preventive, therapeutic, and rehabilitative interventions to augment positive psychosocial factors. Positive psychiatry is not a naïve, feel-good pseudoscience that views the world through rose-colored glasses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002211DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Spirituality, health and well-being in the elderly.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec;30(12):1741-1742

Laboratório de Psicopatologia e Terapêutica Psiquiátrica (LIM-23/ProSER),Instituto de Psiquiatria,Hospital das Clínicas HCFMUSP,Faculdade de Medicina,Universidade de Sao Paulo,Sao

Bailly et al. (2018) examined the trajectory of spirituality in a cohort of 567 non-institutionalized older adults living in Tours, France, during a period of five years. The measurements for spirituality (Daily Spiritual Experience Scale, DES), social support (Satisfaction with Social Support subscale of the Duke Social Support Index), and accommodative tendencies (Flexible Goal Adjustment) were longitudinally collected at three time points (2007, 2009, and 2012). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001874DOI Listing
December 2018

How valuable are ecopsychosocial interventions in prevention and treatment of dementia?

Authors:
Olusegun Baiyewu

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec;30(12):1739-1740

Department of Psychiatry,College of Medicine,University of

Dementia is a disorder that arouses major public health interest and concern. It has been projected that there will be a global increase in the number of people affected from about 46.8million in 2018 to 131million by 2050; global cost of care for 2015 was put at US$818 billion (Prince et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001837DOI Listing
December 2018

Examining the unique wisdom of older adults.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec;30(12):1743-1744

University of

When we recognize that we don't have all the time in the world, we see our priorities most clearly. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104161021800176XDOI Listing
December 2018

An abbreviated version of Silhouettes test: a brief validated mild cognitive impairment screening tool.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 19:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College,Fudan University, Shanghai,China.

ABSTRACTObjectives:To revise an abbreviated version of the Silhouettes subtest of the Visual Object and Space Perception (VOSP) battery in order to recognize mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and determine the optimal cutoffs to differentiate among cognitively normal controls (NC), MCI, and Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in the Chinese elderly.

Design: A cross-sectional validation study.

Setting: Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001230DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Efficacy and safety of idalopirdine for Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Geriatrics and Cognitive Disorders,Fujita Health University School of Medicine,Toyoake,Japan.

ABSTRACTObjective:The efficacy and tolerability of idalopirdine, a selective 5-hydroxytryptamine6 receptor antagonist, in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is uncertain. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing idalopirdine for patients with AD was performed.

Methods: We included RCTs of idalopirdine for patients with AD and used Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) scores as a primary measure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002156DOI Listing
December 2018

High prevalence and adverse health effects of loneliness in community-dwelling adults across the lifespan: role of wisdom as a protective factor.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 18:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Psychiatry,University of California San Diego,La Jolla, CA,USA.

ABSTRACTObjectives:This study of loneliness across adult lifespan examined its associations with sociodemographics, mental health (positive and negative psychological states and traits), subjective cognitive complaints, and physical functioning.

Design: Analysis of cross-sectional dataParticipants:340 community-dwelling adults in San Diego, California, mean age 62 (SD = 18) years, range 27-101 years, who participated in three community-based studies.

Measurements: Loneliness measures included UCLA Loneliness Scale Version 3 (UCLA-3), 4-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Social Isolation Scale, and a single-item measure from the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CESD) scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002120DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Association between physical activity and functional and cognitive status in nonagenarians: results from the Mugello study.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 18:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

IRCCS Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi,Florence,Italy.

ABSTRACTThis study aimed at assessing daily physical activity and its relationship with functional and cognitive status in nonagenarians. Cross-sectional study. 167 nonagenarians (124 women and 43 men, mean age 92 years ± 3) who participated in the Mugello study. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104161021
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001424DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

How do people with dementia respond to different types of art? An explorative study into interactive museum programs.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 18:1-12. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute,Amsterdam University Medical Centres,VUmc, Amsterdam,the Netherlands.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Various art programs are available for people with dementia. These have been shown to contribute to the patient's quality of life. But are all types of art suitable for this purpose and for the target group? This study investigated whether responsiveness during museum programs depends on the type of art work shown and/or characteristics of the person with dementia, such as severity of dementia or specific cognitive impairments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001266DOI Listing
December 2018

Cortisol levels among older people with and without depression and dementia.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 17:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Ageing and Health,Vestfold Hospital Trust,Tønsberg,Norway.

ABSTRACTCortisol dysregulation has been reported in dementia and depression. Cortisol levels and its associates were investigated among older people living at home and in nursing homes, in a cross-sectional study. A sample of 650 older people, from the community (home and nursing homes) and specialized care (memory clinics and old age psychiatry wards), mean age 76. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001199DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

How is personality related to well-being in older and younger adults? The role of psychological flexibility.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 14:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology,Ghent University,Ghent,Belgium.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Personality is known to be a reliable predictor of well-being. However, it is rather difficult to influence the personality of individuals in order to improve their well-being. Therefore, it is important to examine possible underlying mechanisms or indirect effects. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001904DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Orientation and verbal fluency in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing: modifiable risk factors for falls?

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 7:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Institute of Applied Health Sciences,University of Aberdeen,Aberdeen,UK.

ABSTRACTObjectives:To determine the relationship between falls and deficits in specific cognitive domains in older adults.

Design: An analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) cohort.

Setting: United Kingdom community-based. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002065DOI Listing
December 2018

Development and assessment of the content validity of the professional good practices scale in nursing homes.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 7:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, School of Medicine, Universidad San Pablo-CEU,CEU Universities,Madrid,Spain.

ABSTRACTRecent approaches in the care of older people have led to a greater emphasis on good practices to prevent elder abuse. The instruments assessing good practices are very limited, and those focused on elder abuse have rarely considered subtle forms, especially in institutional settings. The aim of this study was to develop and assess the content validity of a good practices scale for professionals working in nursing homes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002077DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Disability discrimination and avoidance in later life: prevalence, disability differentials and association with mental health.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 7:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Demography and Ageing Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health,University of Melbourne,Melbourne, Victoria,Australia.

ABSTRACTBackground:Later life is a period of increased risk of disability, but there is little quantitative evidence regarding the exclusion of older people (through discrimination and avoidance) due to their health conditions. This study aims to (1) measure the prevalence of disability exclusion in later life, (2) examine how experiences of exclusion differ by disability type, and (3) investigate the association of exposure to exclusion with psychological distress.

Methods: Using data from the 2015 ABS Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers, we calculated the prevalence of people aged 55 years and over with a disability experiencing discrimination and engaging in avoidance behaviors, disaggregated by 18 detailed disability types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001722DOI Listing
December 2018

Are people living in nursing homes receiving antidepressants in adequate doses?

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 11:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

MHSOA,Waitemata District Health Board,Takapuna, Auckland,New Zealand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218002028DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Depression is more strongly associated with cognition in elderly women than men with type 2 diabetes.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 11:1-5. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Psychiatry,Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,New York, New York,USA.

ABSTRACTDepression and cognitive impairment are highly prevalent in type 2 diabetes (T2D), yet little is known about how their relationship varies by sex. We examined this question in a large T2D sample (N = 897) of non-demented elderly (≥ 65) participating in the Israel Diabetes and Cognitive Decline (IDCD) Study. Cognition was evaluated by a comprehensive neuropsychological battery and depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S104161021800114XDOI Listing
December 2018
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Gait parameters and characteristics associated with increased risk of falls in people with dementia: a systematic review.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-17. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Health & Rehabilitation Sciences,University of Western Ontario,London, ON,Canada.

ABSTRACTBackground:People with dementia fall twice as often and have more serious fall-related injuries than healthy older adults. While gait impairment as a generic term is understood as a fall risk factor in this population, a clear elaboration of the specific components of gait that are associated with falls risk is needed for knowledge translation to clinical practice and the development of fall prevention strategies for people with dementia.

Objective: To review gait parameters and characteristics associated with falls in people with dementia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001783DOI Listing
December 2018
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Agency in dementia care: systematic review and meta-ethnography.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-16. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology, School of Medicine,University of Nottingham,Nottingham,UK.

ABSTRACTObjectives:Dementia often limits the agency of the person to such an extent that there is need for external support in making daily life decisions. This support is usually provided by family members who are sometimes legally empowered to engage in decision-making on behalf of the person for whom they care. However, such family carers receive little or no information on how to best provide support when there is a lack of capacity. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S104161021
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001801DOI Listing
December 2018
8 Reads

Are medical doctors in Latin America prepared to deal with the dementia epidemic?

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCyT), INECO Foundation,Favaloro University,Pacheco de Melo, Buenos Aires,Argentina.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001825DOI Listing
December 2018
9 Reads

Predictors of caregiver burden and care costs for older persons with dementia in Taiwan.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-10. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Public Health,Kaohsiung Medical University,Kaohsiung,Taiwan.

ABSTRACTObjectives:As a degenerative disease, the progression of dementia needs continued care provision and poses both psychological and financial burden for family caregivers of persons with dementia (PWD). This study seeks to compare predictors of care costs and caregiver burden, and to identify modifiable factors that could alleviate the burden faced by dementia caregivers.

Methods: This study interviewed 231 PWD-caregiver dyads in a dementia clinic at a teaching hospital in southern Taiwan in 2013. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001382DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Evaluation of macrolinguistic aspects of the oral discourse in patients with Alzheimer's disease.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-11. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Speech Therapy,São Paulo Federal University,São Paulo,Brazil.

ABSTRACTIntroduction:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a degenerative syndrome that impairs cognitive functioning, including speech and language. Discourse can be used to analyze language processing, which is organized into microlinguistic and macrolinguistic dimensions.

Objectives: To identify the occurrence of changes in the macrolinguistic dimension of oral discourse in AD patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001758DOI Listing
December 2018
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Involving people with dementia and their carers in dementia education for undergraduate healthcare professionals: a qualitative study of motivation to participate and experience.

Int Psychogeriatr 2018 Dec 6:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Centre for Dementia Studies,Brighton and Sussex Medical School,Brighton,UK.

ABSTRACTBackground:There is a need to improve dementia education to prepare future generations of healthcare professionals to deal with the increasing challenges they will face. Time for Dementia is an innovative undergraduate education program for medical, nursing, and paramedic students in the south of England. Success of the program is dependent upon the participation of families (people with dementia and their carers). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1041610218001357DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads