2,525 results match your criteria International Journal of Social Psychiatry[Journal]


Modeling variables associated with personal recovery among service users with mental disorders using community-based services.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 22:20764019831310. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

2 Douglas Mental Health University Institute Research Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background:: Mental health research is evolving toward the identification of conceptual models and associated variables, which may provide a better understanding of personal recovery, given its importance for individuals affected by mental disorders (MDs).

Aims:: This article evaluated personal recovery in a sample of adults with MDs using an adapted conceptual framework based on the Andersen behavioral model, which evaluates predisposing, enabling and needs factors in service use.

Methods:: The study design was cross-sectional and included 327 mental health service users recruited across four local health service networks in Quebec (Canada). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019831310DOI Listing
February 2019

Implementing a community-based task-shifting psychosocial intervention for individuals with psychosis in Chile: Perspectives from users.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb;65(1):38-45

15 Mailman School of Public Health and New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Background:: Latin America, and Chile in particular, has a rich tradition of community mental health services and programs. However, in vivo community-based psychosocial interventions, especially those with a recovery-oriented approach, remain scarce in the region. Between 2014 and 2015, a Critical Time Intervention-Task Shifting project (CTI-TS) was implemented in Santiago, Chile, as part of a larger pilot randomized control trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815204DOI Listing
February 2019

Cost-effectiveness of a free drug program for schizophrenia in Beijing, China.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 30;65(1):28-37. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders & Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders Beijing Anding Hospital & the Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection, Capital Medical University, School of Mental Health, Beijing, China.

Background:: Beijing municipal government launched a Free Drug Program (FDP) in 2013 to reduce the financial burden of schizophrenia patients.

Objectives:: To assess the cost-effectiveness of a FDP designed for schizophrenia patients in Beijing, China.

Methods:: In all, 2007 schizophrenia patients enrolled in an FDP (FDP group) and 2001 schizophrenia patients who were not enrolled (non-FDP group) were randomly selected for a cross-sectional survey in August 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815200DOI Listing
February 2019

Attempting to disentangle the relationship between impulsivity and longitudinal self-harm: Epidemiological analysis of UK household survey data.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 18:20764019827986. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

6 Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background:: Impulsivity may be an important risk factor in terms of future self-harm. However, the extent of this, whether it may relate to self-harm that is new in onset and/or repetition of self-harm, and the detail of any interaction with mood instability (MI) and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) requires detailed examination.

Aims:: We used the 2000 Adult Psychiatry Morbidity Survey and an 18-month follow-up data to test hypotheses relating to the role of impulsivity, CSA and MI in the inception and persistence of self-harm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827986DOI Listing
February 2019

Geopolitical factors, foreign aid and mental health II: Value for money.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec;64(8):786-798

13 Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, Kings College London, London, UK.

In the previous accompanying paper, we described geopolitical factors which affect mental health of individuals who suffer directly and indirectly. These disasters whether they are natural or man-made often attract significant amounts of aid and resources - financial and human. In addition, those who offer foreign aid need to be aware of where and how the aid is being spent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808552DOI Listing
December 2018

Geopolitical factors and mental health I.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec;64(8):778-785

10 Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Natural and man-made disasters carry with them major burden and very often the focus is on immediate survival and management of resulting infectious diseases. The impact of disasters directly and indirectly on the well-being and mental health of those affected often gets ignored. The reasons are often stigma and lack of attention to mental health consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808548DOI Listing
December 2018

Perceived discrimination and psychological distress in nine countries of the former Soviet Union.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 13:20764019827982. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

9 Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background:: Perceived discrimination has been linked to worse mental health. However, little is known about this association in the countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU).

Aim:: To address this deficit, this study examined the link between perceived discrimination and psychological distress in nine fSU countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827982DOI Listing
February 2019

Predictors of problematic Internet use in school going adolescents of Bhavnagar, India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 11:20764019827985. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Sir Takhtasinhji General Hospital, Bhavnagar, India.

Background:: Problematic Internet use (PIU) is the inability of individuals to control their Internet use, resulting in marked distress and/or functional impairment in daily life.

Aim/objective:: We assessed the frequency of PIU and predictors of PIU, including social anxiety disorder (SAD), quality of sleep, quality of life and Internet-related demographic variables among school going adolescents.

Methods:: This was an observational, single-centered, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 1,312 school going adolescents studying in Grades 10, 11 and 12 in Bhavnagar, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827985DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Applying a psychosocial pathways model to improving mental health and reducing health inequalities: Practical approaches.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 17:20764018823816. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

3 Institute of Health Equity, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background:: Mental health can help explain how social inequalities impact on health. Many current public health challenges are shaped by social, economic and environmental conditions that take a mental toll on society.

Purpose:: This article describes a conceptual framework illustrating the psychosocial pathways that link the wider conditions to health behaviours and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018823816DOI Listing
January 2019

Living with schizophrenia: Perspectives of Turkish people with schizophrenia from two Patient Associations on how the illness affects their lives.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 8:20764018820879. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Psychology, Middle East Technical University, Turkey.

Background:: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness affecting the social and occupational lives of the sufferers and posing a considerable burden on the patients and their families. Furthermore, negative societal reactions and the internalization of these attitudes exacerbate the difficulties encountered. This study examines the perspectives of Turkish people with schizophrenia on how they view the impact of the illness on their lives, the societal reactions and attitudes to schizophrenia and whether they agree with these reactions. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018820879
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018820879DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Conceptualizing globalization for mental health research.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Jan 7:20764018823806. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

3 Department of Health Science and Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018823806DOI Listing
January 2019

Mental health indicators in APEC.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 29:20764018819631. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

3 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

Background:: The World Economic Forum (2011) concluded that the economic impact of mental illness is the single most important contributor among all non-communicable diseases to loss of productivity. The 21 economies represented by Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) responded to that information with efforts to address mental health as an integral component of economic development.

Aim:: In order to help assess the progress of APEC region compared to other regions of the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) granted us access to a subset of the 2014 Mental Health Atlas database containing health indicators from all 21 APEC economies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018819631DOI Listing
December 2018

Racial discrimination in combination with stigma for mental illness and dysfunctional Greek police and justice: A case report which summarizes the problems in Greek society and public administration.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 22:20764018820055. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

3rd Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018820055DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

'They love me, but they don't understand me': Family support and stigmatisation of mental health service users in Gujarat, India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 5;65(1):73-79. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

7 Centre for Mental Health Law and Policy, Indian Law Society, Pune, India.

Background:: Family life is a near-universal condition and a fundamental human right. It can also have a significant impact on mental health, including recovery from mental health conditions. In India, families play a considerable role, representing a source of social, cultural, religious and, often, financial support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018816344DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Self-silencing and women's health: A review.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 5;65(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India.

The connection between gender and health has intrigued health professionals in the last few decades. Silencing-the-self theory has brought a considerable clarity in this matter. After around three decades of the theory, the literature related to the theory has immensely flourished and has covered different branches of psychology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018814271DOI Listing
February 2019
14 Reads

Association between social media use (Twitter, Instagram, Facebook) and depressive symptoms: Are Twitter users at higher risk?

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 30;65(1):14-19. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Medicine, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú.

Background:: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between social media dependence and depressive symptoms and also, to characterize the level of dependence. It was a transversal, analytical research.

Subjects And Methods:: The stratified sample was 212 students from a private university that used Facebook, Instagram and/or Twitter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018814270DOI Listing
February 2019

Experience of stigma among mental health service users in Hong Kong: Are there changes between 2001 and 2017?

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 29;65(1):64-72. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Background:: Public expenditure on mental health education has grown exponentially in the past two decades. Does the experience of stigma among people with mental health problems improve over time? Our study aims to compare the levels of perceived stigmatization, rejection experiences and stigma-coping among mental health service users in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2017 using longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional study design.

Method:: The baseline survey was completed by 193 psychiatric outpatients in 2001. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815926DOI Listing
February 2019

Expressed emotion and socio-demographic and clinical factors in families of Brazilian patients with schizophrenia.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 29;65(1):56-63. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development and Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Background:: Families are the main caregivers of people with schizophrenia. Family dynamic and expressed emotion (EE) of relatives are fundamental determinants on the course of schizophrenia.

Method:: This study analyzed socio-demographic and clinical factors related to EE components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815207DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Cannabis consumption and psychosis or schizophrenia development.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov;64(7):690-704

3 Addiction and Dual Diagnosis Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Public Health Agency of Barcelona (ASPB), CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective:: Cannabis consumption produces psychopathology, in some cases psychotic episodes, which are of our interest in this work. However, the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis has not been fully elucidated. The objectives of this work are to (1) review the current state of knowledge on the association of cannabis use with the risk of the development of psychosis or psychotic symptoms in people without schizophrenia and (2) assess the consistency of the hypothesis that cannabis use is associated with increased risk of psychosis in people without schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018801690DOI Listing
November 2018
17 Reads

Stigma associated with mental illness among Asian men in Vancouver, Canada.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 11;64(7):679-689. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

6 Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background:: Due to racism, xenophobic nationalism, acculturation pressures and patriarchal social relations, Asian men in Western societies may be particularly susceptible to negative experiences and beliefs regarding mental illness and treatment services.

Aims:: We examine factors associated with stigma toward mental illness among Asian men in Canada.

Methods:: Between 2013 and 2017, 428 self-identified Asian men living in proximity to Vancouver, Canada, were recruited and completed self-administered questionnaires assessing social stigma and self-stigma. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018805125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018805125DOI Listing
November 2018
25 Reads

Do you let me symptomatize? The potential role of cultural values in cross-national variability of mental disorders' prevalence.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 11:20764018811361. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

4 Department of Neurology and Stroke, Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen, Germany.

Background:: Mental disorders may show inherent cross-national variability in their prevalence. A considerable number of meta-analyses attribute this heterogeneity to the methodological diversity in published epidemiological studies. Cultural values are characteristically not assessed in meta-regression models as potential covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018811361DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Providing mental health peer support 2: Relationships with empowerment, hope, recovery, quality of life and internalised stigma.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 11:20764018810307. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

1 Psychosis Research Unit, Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Objective:: Qualitative research has identified personal costs and benefits for peer supporters associated with their role; however, quantitative evidence is sparse. This study used quantitative methods to explore relationships in experiences of providing peer support with constructs of empowerment, hope, recovery, quality of life and internalised stigma. Differences were examined for those in statutory versus non-statutory services; who had themselves received peer support versus those who had not and who identified having had negative experiences in clinical teams versus those without such experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018810307DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Supported housing for persons with serious mental illness and personal recovery: What do families think?

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 9:20764018806928. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

2 The Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background And Aims:: Previous research on supported housing for people with serious mental illness focuses primarily on tenant/client experiences. The aim of this article is to present families' perspectives on the role of supported housing in recovery, utilizing the CHIME framework of personal recovery.

Method:: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 families of individuals with serious mental illness living in supported housing. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018806928
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018806928DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Childhood determinants for early psychiatric disability pension: A 10-year follow-up study of the 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 3:20764018806936. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

6 Research Department, Finnish Centre for Pensions (ETK), Helsinki, Finland.

Background:: Mental disorders can affect work ability and lead to early exit from the labour market through disability pension.

Aims:: This study aimed to identify childhood determinants of psychiatric disability pension in early adulthood.

Methods:: The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort includes a complete census of children born in a single year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018806936DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Network-based and cohesion-based social capital and variations in depressive symptoms among Taiwanese adults.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 30:20764018808326. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

6 Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Background:: Network- and cohesion-based social capital may play an important role in improving mental health. However, there is limited understanding about these relationships among adults in Taiwan.

Aim:: The aim of this study was to examine the association between individual-level network and cohesion-based social capital and depressive symptoms among a population-based sample of Taiwanese adults. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018808326
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808326DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Psychiatrists' views on different types of advance statements in mental health care in Germany.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29:20764018808328. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

3 Institute of Medical Ethics, History and Philosophy of Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.

Background:: Advance directives enable patients to ensure that treatment decisions will be based on their autonomous will, even if they are incompetent at the time at which the treatment decision is taken. Although psychiatric advance directives are legally binding in Germany and their benefits are widely acknowledged, they are still infrequently used in German psychiatric practice.

Aims:: The aim of this study is to assess psychiatrists' attitudes toward the use of advance statements in mental health care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808328DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Associations between personal social capital and depressive symptoms: Evidence from a probability sample of urban residents in China.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 1;64(7):668-678. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

3 School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background:: Rapid socioeconomic changes in China present a mental health challenge and also an opportunity to investigate the relationship between social capital and depression.

Materials And Methods:: Participants (18-45 years old, N = 1,250) were selected using a probability sampling method. The relationship between social capital (measured using the Personal Social Capital Scale) and depression (measured using the Brief Symptom Inventory Depression Subscale) was examined using bivariate analysis, followed by multiple regression to control for covariates. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018803123
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018803123DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

Healing the heart of recovery.

Authors:
Jackie Liggins

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 30;64(7):660-667. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Counties Manukau Health, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background And Aim:: Medicine is traditionally considered a healing profession, yet concepts of healing are rarely applied to mental illness, recovery being the dominant discourse. This article reports one aspect of the results of a broader exploration, through a service user lens, of aspects of place that facilitate healing in mental health care, with a resulting conceptualisation of healing.

Method:: The research material comprised the author's historical writings of her experience of mental illness and recovery and in-depth individual interviews with 10 mental health service users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018796538DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

The impact of fibromyalgia syndrome and the role of comorbidity with mood and post-traumatic stress disorder in worsening the quality of life.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 27;64(7):647-655. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

1 Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background:: The aim is to measure the association between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mood and anxiety disorders using reliable psychiatric diagnoses according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) and with a case-control design.

Methods:: Case-control study with cases (71 consecutive female patients with FMS) and controls (284 subjects without FMS), randomly drawn after a gender- and age-matching technique from the database of an epidemiological survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018795211DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Poverty matters: Cannabis use among people with serious mental illness: Findings from the United States survey on drug use and health, 2015.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 22;64(7):656-659. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

1 Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milan-Bicocca, Monza, Italy.

Background:: Little is known about the influence of contextual characteristics on comorbid substance use and serious mental illness (SMI).

Aims:: To explore the role of poverty on comorbid SMI and cannabis use.

Methods:: We used data from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, considering those in poverty, with income under 100% of the US poverty threshold. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018795213DOI Listing
November 2018

Urban public parks and mental health in adult women: Mediating and moderating factors.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 16;64(7):637-646. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Departamento de Estudios de Población, El Colegio de la Frontera Norte, Tijuana, Mexico.

Background:: The association of green spaces such as urban public parks and mental health might vary according to personal characteristics and characteristics of the park and be mediated by the use of the park.

Aims:: We investigate the association between urban public park coverage and mental health in adult women, the moderation of this association by personal and park-related characteristics, and the mediation of the association by use of public space.

Methods:: Combining data from a cross-sectional survey of the adult female population of Tijuana (Mexico) in 2014, and a study of public spaces in 2013, we analyzed the association between park coverage in buffers of 400 and 800 m from participants' homes and score in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018795198DOI Listing
November 2018

Micro-migration: Global domestic intergenerational cultural conflict.

Authors:
Uriel Halbreich

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 7;64(6):519-520. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

1 The State University of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018792587DOI Listing
September 2018

Caregiver depression: The contributing role of depression in patients, stigma, social support and religiosity.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 3;64(6):578-588. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

2 Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Hospital Sultanah Aminah, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Background: Depression has been well studied as part of caregiver burden among patients with severe mental illnesses. Curiously, though, there has been little data in terms of caregiver burden with specific focus on depression among caregivers of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).

Aim: This study aims to determine the rate of depression among caregivers of person with depression and its psychosocial correlates, which include stigma, perceived social support, religious commitment and the severity of the patient's symptoms. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018792585
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018792585DOI Listing
September 2018
8 Reads

Disability and socio-economic impact of mental disorders in the state of Punjab, India: Findings from national mental health survey, 2015-2016.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 1;64(6):589-596. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

4 Department of Epidemiology, Centre for Public Health, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, India.

Background: Mental illness results in a plethora of distressing issues, has tremendous socio-economic impact and causes socio-occupational dysfunction in the individual as well as the caregivers. There is a felt need to explore the disability caused by mental illness and the associated socio-economic impact at the population level in a developing nation like India.

Aims: To elucidate the disability and socio-economic impact associated with mental illness at the individual and household levels for the state of Punjab in India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018792590DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Political attitudes as predictors of the multiple dimensions of mental health stigma.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 08;64(5):459-469

1 John Jay College of Criminal Justice, The City University of New York (CUNY), New York, NY, USA.

Background: Mental health (MH) stigma is multidimensional and remains common in the United States and throughout the world. While sociopolitical attitudes such as right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) have emerged as strong predictors of some aspects of MH stigma, no study has assessed the relationship between RWA and multidimensional components of MH stigma, or linked this relationship to a theory of stigma.

Aims: The association between RWA and multiple stigma outcomes, including stereotypes, attributions/negative affect, social distance, microaggressions and help-seeking self-stigma was assessed controlling for covariates, including education, age, social desirability, race/ethnicity, gender, geographic location and prior contact with mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018776335DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Life events and depressive symptoms among pregnant women in India: Moderating role of resilience and social support.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 19;64(6):570-577. Epub 2018 Jul 19.

3 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, India.

Background: Recent life events may be significant risk factors for depression during pregnancy. However, its association with the individual's resilience and social support is not clear.

Aims: To understand the association between life events and depression during pregnancy and whether the association is moderated by resilience and social support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018789193DOI Listing
September 2018

Stigma associated with mental illness and its treatment in the Arab culture: A systematic review.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 18;64(6):597-609. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

College of Pharmacy, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Mental health has not had the same public profile as physical health. This has contributed to the stigma associated with mental illness and to its treatments. Research investigating how the traditions and values amongst those with an Arab heritage contribute to stigmatizing beliefs, attitudes or actions in the provision of mental healthcare has not been widely reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018789200DOI Listing
September 2018

The impact of affective symptoms on personal recovery of patients with severe mental illness.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 11;64(6):521-527. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

2 Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: Clinical recovery is often defined as remission of symptoms. Personal recovery is described as growing beyond the catastrophic effects of mental illness, sometimes despite ongoing symptoms.

Aims: To examine the relationship between the severity of clinical symptom domains and personal recovery in patients with severe mental illness (SMI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018784610DOI Listing
September 2018
31 Reads

Impact of oil recession on community mental health service utilization in an oil sands mining region in Canada.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 2;64(6):563-569. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

2 Addiction and Mental Health, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Objectives: This retrospective clinical audit compared changes in community mental health service utilization before and during an economic recession in an oil sands region in Canada which was characterized by a doubling of unemployment rates and poor economic outlook.

Methods: Sociodemographic descriptors, psychiatric antecedents, clinical characteristics and follow-up care were compared before and during the recession for newly assessed patients in community mental health clinics located across a Northern Alberta oil mining region. Data were collected retrospectively as part of a clinical audit process and then analysed with descriptive statistics, cross-tabular univariate analyses with chi-square tests using SPSS version 20. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018785401DOI Listing
September 2018
23 Reads

How the West can help to develop mental health services in resource-limited settings.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 28;64(6):610-611. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

3 Latrobe Regional Hospital, Traralgon, VIC, Australia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018785402DOI Listing
September 2018

Pathways to care among psychiatric outpatients in a tertiary mental health institution in Singapore.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 09 27;64(6):554-562. Epub 2018 Jun 27.

1 Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.

Background: Pathways to care studies in Singapore are of high interest given the cultural diversity and various sources of help available for those with mental illnesses, ranging from the more traditional to tertiary-level mental health care services.

Aim: The current study aimed to explore the associations of patients' socio-demographic characteristics with pathways to first contact and duration of untreated mental illness.

Method: A total of 402 participants were recruited through convenience sampling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018784632DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6116080PMC
September 2018
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