2,542 results match your criteria International Journal of Social Psychiatry[Journal]


Cultural and service factors related to mental health beliefs among post-9/11 veterans.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 17:20764019842327. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

1 VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, MA, USA.

Background And Aims: The primary purpose of this study was to examine cultural and demographic predictors of dimensions of anticipated stigma and negative mental health beliefs, known barriers to mental health care utilization, among post-9/11 veterans.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey methodology was used to assess 132 post-9/11 veterans. Bivariate correlations were used to examine associations between military cultural values (self-reliance and emotional control), demographic variables (gender and service characteristics) and dimensions of anticipated stigma and negative beliefs about mental health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019842327DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

'From my point of view, my wife has recovered': A qualitative investigation of caregivers' perceptions of recovery and peer support services for people with bipolar disorder in a Chinese community.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 15:20764019842287. Epub 2019 Apr 15.

3 Yale Program for Recovery and Community Health, Yale School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic mental disorder, and family members play a key role in taking care of the affected individuals. The recovery movement has gradually transformed mental health services, for example, through the introduction of peer support services (sharing of expert-by-experience knowledge), and it has challenged the prevailing view that people with mental illness cannot recover.

Aims: Through this study, the researchers explored how family caregivers in a Chinese context conceptualise recovery, how caregivers interact with peer support workers (PSWs) and how they perceive peer support services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019842287DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Work motivation in patients with bipolar disorder: Associated factors.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 12:20764019842270. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

1 Affective Disorders' Clinic, National Institute of Psychiatry Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Occupational functioning is severely impaired in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). Work motivation (WM), defined as the psychological processes that determine the direction, intensity, and persistence of action within the work, is an essential component of work-related functioning.

Aim: To assess whether WM is affected in patients with BD and which clinical and sociodemographic factors are related to low WM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019842270DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mental health issues among indigenous communities and the role of traditional medicine.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 12:20764019840060. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

1 Cattolica University A. Gemelli, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Mental health in indigenous communities is a relevant issue for the World Health Organization (WHO). These communities are supposed to live in a pure, clean and intact environment. Their real condition is far different from the imaginary; they are vulnerable populations living in difficult areas, exposed to pollution, located far from the health services, exposed to several market operations conducted to extract natural resources, facing criminal groups or illegal exploitation of land resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019840060DOI Listing

Formative research on devising a street play to create awareness about mental illness: Cultural adaptation and targeted approach.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 12:20764019838306. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bangalore, India.

Background: Poor awareness about mental health and illness is one of the causes for the large treatment gap for all mental disorders across India.

Material: We used both qualitative and quantitative methods in devising a street play to enhance knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about mental illness.

Discussion: The formative research enabled the intervention to remain culturally appropriate to the socio-cultural practices of the targeted rural audience. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019838306DOI Listing

The double hazard in recovery journey: The experiences of UK Chinese users of mental health services.

Authors:
Lynn Tang

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 11:20764019840059. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

The Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention Centre, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Background: The recent interest in recovery from mental health problems has not meaningfully addressed the perspectives of ethnic minorities.

Aim: To contribute to the discussion of recovery-oriented service with a study on the experience of Chinese people using UK mental health services.

Methods: In-depth life history interviews were carried out with the users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019840059DOI Listing

Health-related life events in patients with somatic symptom disorders: A case control study.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 10:20764019842278. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

1 G.K. Reddy Hospital, Kadapa, India.

Background: The positive association between adverse life events and somatoform disorders is a consistent observation. But no systematic studies have evaluated the relationship between health-related life events (HLEs) in patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD)/somatoform disorders.

Aim: To examine the nature and relationship of HLE in patients with SSD and to assess the correlates of HLE. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019842278DOI Listing
April 2019
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EAT-PAD: Educating about psychiatric advance directives in India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 4:20764019834591. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

1 Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health And Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background:: With India enacting the Mental Health Care Act (MHCA; No. 10 of 2017a), Psychiatric Advance Directives (PADs) have been legalised and have become binding orders for psychiatrists treating patients. There is a paucity of research into acceptability of PADs in Indian mental health care, likely due to a lack of awareness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019834591DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

What is related to the well-being of the siblings of patients with schizophrenia: An evaluation within the Lazarus and Folkman's Transactional Stress and Coping Model.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Apr 3:20764019840061. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

3 Federation of Schizophrenia Associations, Ankara, Turkey.

Background:: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that strongly affects not only the patients with schizophrenia, but also their families and close relatives. So far, family research on patients with schizophrenia has mainly focused on parents, but has neglected siblings.

Aim:: This study aims to evaluate the well-being of 103 siblings of patients with schizophrenia within the Lazarus and Folkman's Transactional Coping and Stress Model. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019840061DOI Listing

Disclosing the diagnosis of schizophrenia: A pilot study of the 'Coming Out Proud' intervention.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27:20764019840057. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 Laboratory of Neurosciences (LIM-27), Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background:: Schizophrenia is one of the most stigmatized psychiatric disorders, and disclosing it is often a source of stress to individuals with the disorder. The Coming Out Proud (COP) group intervention is designed to reduce the stigma's negative impact and help participants decide if they want to disclose their disorder.

Aims:: To assess the effect of the COP intervention in individuals with the diagnosis of schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019840057DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Rates and correlates of employment in patients with schizophrenia: A multicenter study in Turkey.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27:20764019839082. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

7 Sivas Community Mental Health Center, Sivas, Turkey.

Background:: There is not enough information regarding the participation in the working life of the patients with schizophrenia in Turkey.

Aims:: The aim of this study was to examine the occupational experiences of patients with schizophrenia before and after the illness and to investigate the factors that predict work participation.

Methods:: The data on occupational life of the patients with schizophrenia, which were treated as outpatients in six different centers, were examined. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019839082DOI Listing

The role of trauma and partner support in perinatal depression and parenting stress: An Australian pregnancy cohort study.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 27:20764019838307. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

1 School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia.

Background:: Improving our understanding of the relationship between maternal depression and parenting stress is likely to lie in the range of additional factors that are associated with vulnerability to depression and also to parenting stress.

Objectives:: To examine the role of trauma and partner support, in understanding the relationship between perinatal depression and parenting stress.

Methods:: This study utilises data from 246 women in a pregnancy cohort study that followed women from early pregnancy until their infant was 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019838307DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Profile of transcultural patients in a regional Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service in Gippsland, Australia: The need for a multidimensional understanding of the complexities.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 18:20764019835264. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

2 School of Rural Health, Monash University, Traralgon, VIC, Australia.

Background:: Several childhood stressors related to immigration have been documented, and it is important for clinicians to understand and address the various factors that may lead to or act as maintaining factors of mental disorders in children and adolescents.

Aims:: To describe the cultural profile of transcultural patients presenting to a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service (CAMHS) in regional Victoria and identify the most common disorders and psychosocial stressors they presented with.

Method:: Descriptive analysis was applied to 101 case records of patients with a transcultural background who attended the CAMHS of Latrobe Regional Hospital in Gippsland Victoria from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019835264DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Rates and profile of victimization in a sample of Egyptian patients with major mental illness.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 8:20764019831315. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

1 Institute of Psychiatry, Neurology and Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background:: Patients with major mental illness have an increased risk of victimization. Nevertheless, this topic was not thoroughly studied in Egyptian patients with major mental illness.

Objectives:: The objectives of this study are to investigate the rates of victimization and understand its profile, psycho-demographic and clinical correlates among a sample of Egyptian patients with major mental illness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019831315DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Informal mental health interventions for people with severe mental illness in low and lower middle-income countries: A systematic review of effectiveness.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 7:20764019831322. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

1 School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background:: The effectiveness of interventions for people with severe mental illness delivered by informal community care providers in low and lower middle-income countries is not known. The aim was to conduct a systematic review of the impact of community-based interventions implemented by the informal sector for people with severe mental illness in these settings.

Methods:: Five electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched for English-language publications using both keywords and MeSH terms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019831322DOI Listing

Valuing recovery-oriented practice at the interface between mental health services and communities: The role of organisational characteristics and environments.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 26;65(2):136-143. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Personal Social Services Research Unit, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Background:: Implementing recovery-oriented mental health services is a policy priority in many countries. In addition, some governments have prioritised new forms of organising, financing and governing the provision of mental health services with a stronger focus on co-delivery and involving communities. Most research in the recovery field has focused on interventions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019831319DOI Listing

Violation and hope: Refugee survival in childhood and beyond.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 26;65(2):169-179. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, The University of Newcastle, Australia.

Background:: The psychological complexity of refugee status for children is poorly understood. Alone or with family members, child refugees are exposed to multiple and potentially traumatic events, including conflict and human rights deprivation in their country of origin, perilous and life-threatening escape journeys, years of statelessness, and isolation and discrimination in their new host country.

Aims:: This phenomenological study explored the positive and negative interpretations of four adults as they sought to make sense of their experiences of refugee status as children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019831314DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Modeling variables associated with personal recovery among service users with mental disorders using community-based services.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 22;65(2):123-135. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

2 Douglas Mental Health University Institute Research Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background:: Mental health research is evolving toward the identification of conceptual models and associated variables, which may provide a better understanding of personal recovery, given its importance for individuals affected by mental disorders (MDs).

Aims:: This article evaluated personal recovery in a sample of adults with MDs using an adapted conceptual framework based on the Andersen behavioral model, which evaluates predisposing, enabling and needs factors in service use.

Methods:: The study design was cross-sectional and included 327 mental health service users recruited across four local health service networks in Quebec (Canada). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019831310DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Implementing a community-based task-shifting psychosocial intervention for individuals with psychosis in Chile: Perspectives from users.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb;65(1):38-45

15 Mailman School of Public Health and New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Background:: Latin America, and Chile in particular, has a rich tradition of community mental health services and programs. However, in vivo community-based psychosocial interventions, especially those with a recovery-oriented approach, remain scarce in the region. Between 2014 and 2015, a Critical Time Intervention-Task Shifting project (CTI-TS) was implemented in Santiago, Chile, as part of a larger pilot randomized control trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427823PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Cost-effectiveness of a free drug program for schizophrenia in Beijing, China.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 30;65(1):28-37. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

1 The National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders & Beijing Key Laboratory of Mental Disorders Beijing Anding Hospital & the Advanced Innovation Center for Human Brain Protection, Capital Medical University, School of Mental Health, Beijing, China.

Background:: Beijing municipal government launched a Free Drug Program (FDP) in 2013 to reduce the financial burden of schizophrenia patients.

Objectives:: To assess the cost-effectiveness of a FDP designed for schizophrenia patients in Beijing, China.

Methods:: In all, 2007 schizophrenia patients enrolled in an FDP (FDP group) and 2001 schizophrenia patients who were not enrolled (non-FDP group) were randomly selected for a cross-sectional survey in August 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815200DOI Listing
February 2019

Attempting to disentangle the relationship between impulsivity and longitudinal self-harm: Epidemiological analysis of UK household survey data.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 18;65(2):114-122. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

6 Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background:: Impulsivity may be an important risk factor in terms of future self-harm. However, the extent of this, whether it may relate to self-harm that is new in onset and/or repetition of self-harm, and the detail of any interaction with mood instability (MI) and childhood sexual abuse (CSA) requires detailed examination.

Aims:: We used the 2000 Adult Psychiatry Morbidity Survey and an 18-month follow-up data to test hypotheses relating to the role of impulsivity, CSA and MI in the inception and persistence of self-harm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827986DOI Listing

Geopolitical factors, foreign aid and mental health II: Value for money.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec;64(8):786-798

13 Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, Kings College London, London, UK.

In the previous accompanying paper, we described geopolitical factors which affect mental health of individuals who suffer directly and indirectly. These disasters whether they are natural or man-made often attract significant amounts of aid and resources - financial and human. In addition, those who offer foreign aid need to be aware of where and how the aid is being spent. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808552DOI Listing
December 2018

Geopolitical factors and mental health I.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec;64(8):778-785

10 Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Natural and man-made disasters carry with them major burden and very often the focus is on immediate survival and management of resulting infectious diseases. The impact of disasters directly and indirectly on the well-being and mental health of those affected often gets ignored. The reasons are often stigma and lack of attention to mental health consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808548DOI Listing
December 2018

Perceived discrimination and psychological distress in nine countries of the former Soviet Union.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 13;65(2):158-168. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

9 Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background:: Perceived discrimination has been linked to worse mental health. However, little is known about this association in the countries of the former Soviet Union (fSU).

Aim:: To address this deficit, this study examined the link between perceived discrimination and psychological distress in nine fSU countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827982DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Predictors of problematic Internet use in school going adolescents of Bhavnagar, India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 11;65(2):151-157. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College and Sir Takhtasinhji General Hospital, Bhavnagar, India.

Background:: Problematic Internet use (PIU) is the inability of individuals to control their Internet use, resulting in marked distress and/or functional impairment in daily life.

Aim/objective:: We assessed the frequency of PIU and predictors of PIU, including social anxiety disorder (SAD), quality of sleep, quality of life and Internet-related demographic variables among school going adolescents.

Methods:: This was an observational, single-centered, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 1,312 school going adolescents studying in Grades 10, 11 and 12 in Bhavnagar, India. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019827985DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Applying a psychosocial pathways model to improving mental health and reducing health inequalities: Practical approaches.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 17;65(2):107-113. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

3 Institute of Health Equity, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background:: Mental health can help explain how social inequalities impact on health. Many current public health challenges are shaped by social, economic and environmental conditions that take a mental toll on society.

Purpose:: This article describes a conceptual framework illustrating the psychosocial pathways that link the wider conditions to health behaviours and outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018823816DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Living with schizophrenia: Perspectives of Turkish people with schizophrenia from two Patient Associations on how the illness affects their lives.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 8;65(2):98-106. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Psychology, Middle East Technical University, Turkey.

Background:: Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness affecting the social and occupational lives of the sufferers and posing a considerable burden on the patients and their families. Furthermore, negative societal reactions and the internalization of these attitudes exacerbate the difficulties encountered. This study examines the perspectives of Turkish people with schizophrenia on how they view the impact of the illness on their lives, the societal reactions and attitudes to schizophrenia and whether they agree with these reactions. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018820879
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018820879DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

Conceptualizing globalization for mental health research.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 7;65(2):87-91. Epub 2019 Jan 7.

3 Department of Health Science and Population Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018823806DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Mental health indicators in APEC.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 29;65(2):92-97. Epub 2018 Dec 29.

3 University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

Background:: The World Economic Forum (2011) concluded that the economic impact of mental illness is the single most important contributor among all non-communicable diseases to loss of productivity. The 21 economies represented by Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) responded to that information with efforts to address mental health as an integral component of economic development.

Aim:: In order to help assess the progress of APEC region compared to other regions of the world, the World Health Organization (WHO) granted us access to a subset of the 2014 Mental Health Atlas database containing health indicators from all 21 APEC economies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018819631DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Racial discrimination in combination with stigma for mental illness and dysfunctional Greek police and justice: A case report which summarizes the problems in Greek society and public administration.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Mar 22;65(2):180. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

3rd Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018820055DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

'They love me, but they don't understand me': Family support and stigmatisation of mental health service users in Gujarat, India.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 5;65(1):73-79. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

7 Centre for Mental Health Law and Policy, Indian Law Society, Pune, India.

Background:: Family life is a near-universal condition and a fundamental human right. It can also have a significant impact on mental health, including recovery from mental health conditions. In India, families play a considerable role, representing a source of social, cultural, religious and, often, financial support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018816344DOI Listing
February 2019
18 Reads

Self-silencing and women's health: A review.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 5;65(1):3-13. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India.

The connection between gender and health has intrigued health professionals in the last few decades. Silencing-the-self theory has brought a considerable clarity in this matter. After around three decades of the theory, the literature related to the theory has immensely flourished and has covered different branches of psychology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018814271DOI Listing
February 2019
24 Reads

Association between social media use (Twitter, Instagram, Facebook) and depressive symptoms: Are Twitter users at higher risk?

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 30;65(1):14-19. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

School of Medicine, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Perú.

Background:: The purpose of this study was to determine the association between social media dependence and depressive symptoms and also, to characterize the level of dependence. It was a transversal, analytical research.

Subjects And Methods:: The stratified sample was 212 students from a private university that used Facebook, Instagram and/or Twitter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018814270DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Experience of stigma among mental health service users in Hong Kong: Are there changes between 2001 and 2017?

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 29;65(1):64-72. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 Department of Psychiatry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Background:: Public expenditure on mental health education has grown exponentially in the past two decades. Does the experience of stigma among people with mental health problems improve over time? Our study aims to compare the levels of perceived stigmatization, rejection experiences and stigma-coping among mental health service users in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2017 using longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional study design.

Method:: The baseline survey was completed by 193 psychiatric outpatients in 2001. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815926DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Expressed emotion and socio-demographic and clinical factors in families of Brazilian patients with schizophrenia.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 Feb 29;65(1):56-63. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

1 World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development and Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences, University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.

Background:: Families are the main caregivers of people with schizophrenia. Family dynamic and expressed emotion (EE) of relatives are fundamental determinants on the course of schizophrenia.

Method:: This study analyzed socio-demographic and clinical factors related to EE components. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018815207DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Cannabis consumption and psychosis or schizophrenia development.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov;64(7):690-704

3 Addiction and Dual Diagnosis Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Public Health Agency of Barcelona (ASPB), CIBERSAM, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective:: Cannabis consumption produces psychopathology, in some cases psychotic episodes, which are of our interest in this work. However, the relationship between cannabis use and psychosis has not been fully elucidated. The objectives of this work are to (1) review the current state of knowledge on the association of cannabis use with the risk of the development of psychosis or psychotic symptoms in people without schizophrenia and (2) assess the consistency of the hypothesis that cannabis use is associated with increased risk of psychosis in people without schizophrenia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018801690DOI Listing
November 2018
22 Reads

Stigma associated with mental illness among Asian men in Vancouver, Canada.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 11;64(7):679-689. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

6 Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background:: Due to racism, xenophobic nationalism, acculturation pressures and patriarchal social relations, Asian men in Western societies may be particularly susceptible to negative experiences and beliefs regarding mental illness and treatment services.

Aims:: We examine factors associated with stigma toward mental illness among Asian men in Canada.

Methods:: Between 2013 and 2017, 428 self-identified Asian men living in proximity to Vancouver, Canada, were recruited and completed self-administered questionnaires assessing social stigma and self-stigma. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018805125
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018805125DOI Listing
November 2018
31 Reads

Do you let me symptomatize? The potential role of cultural values in cross-national variability of mental disorders' prevalence.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 11:20764018811361. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

4 Department of Neurology and Stroke, Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen, Germany.

Background:: Mental disorders may show inherent cross-national variability in their prevalence. A considerable number of meta-analyses attribute this heterogeneity to the methodological diversity in published epidemiological studies. Cultural values are characteristically not assessed in meta-regression models as potential covariates. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018811361DOI Listing
November 2018
18 Reads

Providing mental health peer support 2: Relationships with empowerment, hope, recovery, quality of life and internalised stigma.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 11:20764018810307. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

1 Psychosis Research Unit, Greater Manchester Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK.

Objective:: Qualitative research has identified personal costs and benefits for peer supporters associated with their role; however, quantitative evidence is sparse. This study used quantitative methods to explore relationships in experiences of providing peer support with constructs of empowerment, hope, recovery, quality of life and internalised stigma. Differences were examined for those in statutory versus non-statutory services; who had themselves received peer support versus those who had not and who identified having had negative experiences in clinical teams versus those without such experiences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018810307DOI Listing
November 2018
23 Reads

Supported housing for persons with serious mental illness and personal recovery: What do families think?

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 9:20764018806928. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

2 The Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Background And Aims:: Previous research on supported housing for people with serious mental illness focuses primarily on tenant/client experiences. The aim of this article is to present families' perspectives on the role of supported housing in recovery, utilizing the CHIME framework of personal recovery.

Method:: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 14 families of individuals with serious mental illness living in supported housing. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018806928
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018806928DOI Listing
November 2018
11 Reads

Childhood determinants for early psychiatric disability pension: A 10-year follow-up study of the 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 3:20764018806936. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

6 Research Department, Finnish Centre for Pensions (ETK), Helsinki, Finland.

Background:: Mental disorders can affect work ability and lead to early exit from the labour market through disability pension.

Aims:: This study aimed to identify childhood determinants of psychiatric disability pension in early adulthood.

Methods:: The 1987 Finnish Birth Cohort includes a complete census of children born in a single year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018806936DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Network-based and cohesion-based social capital and variations in depressive symptoms among Taiwanese adults.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 30:20764018808326. Epub 2018 Oct 30.

6 Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Background:: Network- and cohesion-based social capital may play an important role in improving mental health. However, there is limited understanding about these relationships among adults in Taiwan.

Aim:: The aim of this study was to examine the association between individual-level network and cohesion-based social capital and depressive symptoms among a population-based sample of Taiwanese adults. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018808326
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808326DOI Listing
October 2018
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Psychiatrists' views on different types of advance statements in mental health care in Germany.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Oct 29:20764018808328. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

3 Institute of Medical Ethics, History and Philosophy of Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.

Background:: Advance directives enable patients to ensure that treatment decisions will be based on their autonomous will, even if they are incompetent at the time at which the treatment decision is taken. Although psychiatric advance directives are legally binding in Germany and their benefits are widely acknowledged, they are still infrequently used in German psychiatric practice.

Aims:: The aim of this study is to assess psychiatrists' attitudes toward the use of advance statements in mental health care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018808328DOI Listing
October 2018
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Associations between personal social capital and depressive symptoms: Evidence from a probability sample of urban residents in China.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 1;64(7):668-678. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

3 School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Background:: Rapid socioeconomic changes in China present a mental health challenge and also an opportunity to investigate the relationship between social capital and depression.

Materials And Methods:: Participants (18-45 years old, N = 1,250) were selected using a probability sampling method. The relationship between social capital (measured using the Personal Social Capital Scale) and depression (measured using the Brief Symptom Inventory Depression Subscale) was examined using bivariate analysis, followed by multiple regression to control for covariates. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0020764018803123
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018803123DOI Listing
November 2018
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Healing the heart of recovery.

Authors:
Jackie Liggins

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 30;64(7):660-667. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Counties Manukau Health, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background And Aim:: Medicine is traditionally considered a healing profession, yet concepts of healing are rarely applied to mental illness, recovery being the dominant discourse. This article reports one aspect of the results of a broader exploration, through a service user lens, of aspects of place that facilitate healing in mental health care, with a resulting conceptualisation of healing.

Method:: The research material comprised the author's historical writings of her experience of mental illness and recovery and in-depth individual interviews with 10 mental health service users. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018796538DOI Listing
November 2018
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The impact of fibromyalgia syndrome and the role of comorbidity with mood and post-traumatic stress disorder in worsening the quality of life.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Nov 27;64(7):647-655. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

1 Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Background:: The aim is to measure the association between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mood and anxiety disorders using reliable psychiatric diagnoses according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.; DSM-IV) and with a case-control design.

Methods:: Case-control study with cases (71 consecutive female patients with FMS) and controls (284 subjects without FMS), randomly drawn after a gender- and age-matching technique from the database of an epidemiological survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764018795211DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads