11,969 results match your criteria International Journal of Public Health [Journal]


Obesity risk in women of childbearing age in New Zealand: a nationally representative cross-sectional study.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 22. Epub 2019 Apr 22.

GeoHealth Laboratory (Te Taiwhenua o te Hauora), Geospatial Research Institute (Toi Hangarau), University of Canterbury (Te Whare Wānanga o Waitaha), Christchurch, New Zealand.

Objectives: To investigate risk factors for women with obesity of childbearing age.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey of New Zealand women (15-49 years) with measured height and weight was used [unweighted (n = 3625) and weighted analytical sample (n = 1,098,372)] alongside sociodemographic-, behavioural- and environmental-level predictors. Multilevel logistic regression weighted for non-response of height and weight data was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01239-8DOI Listing

Household food insecurity and socio-demographic determinants in young adults: findings from a Portuguese population-based sample.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 16. Epub 2019 Apr 16.

EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas, nº 135, 4050-600, Porto, Portugal.

Objectives: This study evaluated the prevalence and the socio-demographic determinants of food insecurity among young adults at a time of economic crisis recovery.

Methods: A cross-sectional study including 954 young adults (26 years old) from the EPITeen cohort (Porto, Portugal) was conducted. Food security status was evaluated using the US Household Food Security Survey Module: Six-Item Short Form. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01243-yDOI Listing

Connectivity of rapid-testing diagnostics and surveillance of infectious diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 4;97(3):242-244. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London W12 0NN, England.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219691DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453318PMC

Prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases: lessons from the HIV experience.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 1;97(3):239-241. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, Level 2, Lincoln Square North, University of Melbourne, 3052 Melbourne, Australia.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-216820.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453320PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Countdown to 2030: eliminating hepatitis B disease, China.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 28;97(3):230-238. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, No.38, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100191, China.

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem worldwide. China has the world's largest burden of HBV infection and will be a major contributor towards the global elimination of hepatitis B disease by 2030. The country has made good progress in reducing incidence of HBV infection in the past three decades. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-219469.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453311PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

A decade of cigarette taxation in Bangladesh: lessons learnt for tobacco control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 21;97(3):221-229. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada.

Bangladesh has achieved a high share of tax in the price of cigarettes (greater than the 75% benchmark), but has not achieved the expected health benefits from reduction in cigarette consumption. In this paper we explore why cigarette taxation has not succeeded in reducing cigarette smoking in Bangladesh. Using government records over 2006-2017, we link trends in tax-paid cigarette sales to cigarette excise tax structure and changes in cigarette taxes and prices. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-216135.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453316PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Lessons from the Thai Health Promotion Foundation.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 19;97(3):213-220. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Muang, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

To facilitate the policy response to noncommunicable diseases in Thailand, parliament adopted the Health Promotion Foundation Act in 2001. This Act led to the establishment of an autonomous government body, the Thai Health Promotion Foundation, called ThaiHealth. The foundation receives its revenue from a 2% surcharge of excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-220277.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220277DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453312PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Implementing prevention policies for mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Malawi, South Africa and United Republic of Tanzania, 2013-2016.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 28;97(3):200-212. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England.

Objective: To assess adoption of World Health Organization (WHO) guidance into national policies for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and to monitor implementation of guidelines at facility level in rural Malawi, South Africa and the United Republic of Tanzania.

Methods: We summarized national PMTCT policies and WHO guidance for 15 indicators across the cascades of maternal and infant care over 2013-2016. Two survey rounds were conducted (2013-2015 and 2015-2016) in 46 health facilities serving five health and demographic surveillance system populations. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-217471.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217471DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453322PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Changes in reporting for unintentional injury deaths, United States of America.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 18;97(3):190-199. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, 110 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Objective: To quantify how changes in reporting of specific causes of death and of selecting underlying cause from among multiple causes of death contribute to trends in mortality from unintentional injury in Americans aged 65 years or older.

Methods: We extracted age-standardized unintentional injury mortality data in the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention online databases from 1999 to 2016. We used an attribution method to calculate two indicators: the proportion of mortality with specific codes out of all mortality; and the proportion of mortality with underlying cause of death selected from multiple causes of death. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-215327.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.215327DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453323PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Evaluation of the early warning, alert and response system after Cyclone Winston, Fiji, 2016.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar 18;97(3):178-189C. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Division of Pacific Technical Support, World Health Organization, Suva, Fiji.

Objective: To assess the performance of an early warning, alert and response system (EWARS) developed by the World Health Organization (WHO) - EWARS in a Box - that was used to detect and control disease outbreaks after Cyclone Winston caused destruction in Fiji on 20 February 2016.

Methods: Immediately after the cyclone, Fiji's Ministry of Health and Medical Services, supported by WHO, started to implement EWARS in a Box, which is a smartphone-based, automated, early warning surveillance system for rapid deployment during health emergencies. Both indicator-based and event-based surveillance were employed. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/3/18-211409.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211409DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453321PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Paula Radcliffe: elite athlete and clean air advocate.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):176-177

Paula Radcliffe tells Gary Humphreys about her journey from athlete to clean air advocate and her hopes for a clean air initiative launched by the International Association of Athletics Federation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453314PMC

Cochlear implants: a transformative technology.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):174-175

Cochlear implants bring sound to people living with permanent hearing loss. But making them accessible to all in need is a major challenge. Andrey Shukshin reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453315PMC

Public health round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):172-173

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010319DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453317PMC

Governance for health: the HIV response and general global health.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Mar;97(3):170-170A

Centre for Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.230417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6453319PMC

The future of a partially effective HIV vaccine: assessing limitations at the population level.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Institute for Disease Modeling, 3150 139th Ave SE, Bellevue, WA, 98005, USA.

Objectives: Mathematical models have unanimously predicted that a first-generation HIV vaccine would be useful and cost-effective to roll out, but that its overall impact would be insufficient to reverse the epidemic. Here, we explore what factors contribute most to limiting the impact of such a vaccine.

Methods: Ranging from a theoretical ideal to a more realistic regimen, mirroring the one used in the currently ongoing trial in South Africa (HVTN 702), we model a nested hierarchy of vaccine attributes such as speed of scale-up, efficacy, durability, and return rates for booster doses. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00038-019-01234-z
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01234-zDOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Mammographic densities of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women living in Australia's Northern Territory.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Room M221, M Block, 75 East Street, Lidcombe, NSW, 2141, Australia.

Objectives: To compare the mammographic densities and other characteristics of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women screened in Australia.

Methods: Population screening programme data of Aboriginal (n = 857) and non-Aboriginal women (n = 3236) were used. Mann-Whitney U test compared ages at screening and Chi-square tests compared personal and clinical information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01237-wDOI Listing
April 2019
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Immunization programmes and notifications of vital events.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 28;97(4):306-308. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, Global Health Campus, Chemin du Pommier 40, 1218 Grand-Saconnex Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.210807DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438247PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Adapting home-based records for maternal and child health to users' capacities.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 14;97(4):296-305. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Japan International Cooperation Agency, Nibancho Center Building, 5-25, Niban-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8012, Japan.

Home-based records have been used in both low- and high-income countries to improve maternal and child health. Traditionally, these were mostly stand-alone records that supported a single maternal and child health-related programme, such as the child vaccination card or growth chart. Recently, an increasing number of countries are using integrated home-based records to support all or part of maternal and child health-related programmes, as in the maternal and child health handbook. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438250PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Commercial determinants of health: advertising of alcohol and unhealthy foods during sporting events.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 25;97(4):290-295. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

MRC/CSOSocial and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.

Tobacco, alcohol and foods that are high in fat, salt and sugar generate much of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases. We therefore need a better understanding of how these products are promoted.The promotion of tobacco products through sporting events has largely disappeared over the last two decades, but advertising and sponsorship continues bycompanies selling alcohol, unhealthy food and sugar-sweetened beverage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438257PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Evidence needed for antimicrobial resistance surveillance systems.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 28;97(4):283-289. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance has been promoted by the scientific community and by international organizations for more than a decade. In this article, we highlight issues that need to be addressed to improve the understanding of the effectiveness of One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance. We also outline the evidence needed to support countries planning to increase the level of integration of their surveillance system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.218917DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438253PMC
April 2019
1 Read

India's Integrated Child Development Services programme; equity and extent of coverage in 2006 and 2016.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 25;97(4):270-282. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Poverty, Health and Nutrition Division, The International Food Policy Research Institute, 2001 K Street NW, Washington DC, 20005, United States of America.

Objective: To investigate coverage and equity of India's Integrated Child Development Services programme across the continuum of care from pregnancy to early childhood, before and after the programme was expanded to provide universal access.

Methods: The programme offers nutrition and health services to pregnant and lactating mothers and young children. We used data from nationally representative surveys in 2005-2006 and 2015-2016, including 36 850 mother-child pairs in 2006 and 190 804 in 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221135DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438246PMC

Controlled impact evaluation of a birth registration intervention, Burkina Faso.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 25;97(4):259-269. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Human Sciences, Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta University, Rome, Italy.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of the introduction of secondary civil registration centres on birth registrations within 60 days of birth, in Burkina Faso.

Methods: The faith-based organization Sant'Egidio supported the inauguration of secondary birth registration centres within seven health centres in Réo from July 2015 and four health centres in Godyr from February 2015, at which delivery and vaccination services were available. We calculated the number of timely registrations per 1000 population before and after the launch of the intervention in both the intervention and control municipalities. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/4/18-221705.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221705DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438249PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Estimates of number of children and adolescents without access to surgical care.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr 28;97(4):254-258. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital-University of California San Diego, 3030 Children's Way, San Diego, California, CA 92123, United States of America (USA).

Objective: To estimate how many children and adolescent worldwide do not have access to surgical care.

Methods: We estimated the number of children and adolescents younger than 19 years worldwide without access to safe, affordable and timely surgical care, by using population data for 2017 from the United Nations and international data on surgical access in 2015. We categorized countries by World Bank country income group and obtained the proportion of the population with no access to surgical care from a study by the Commission on Global Surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438256PMC
April 2019
2 Reads
5.089 Impact Factor

Mirfin Mpundu: accessing medicines, fighting resistance.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):252-253

Mirfin Mpundu spoke to Gary Humphreys about his experiences in African countries and in the United States of America, the prospects for containing antimicrobial resistance, and the contribution that faith-based organizations make to health systems in African countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438254PMC

Striving to provide universal health coverage in Kazakhstan.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):250-251

Four decades after the declaration of Alma Ata, Kazakhstan still struggles to provide basic health care to its citizens. This may now be changing. Andrey Shukshin reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438255PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Public health round-up.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):248-249

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010419DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438248PMC

Taking a complexity perspective when developing public health guidelines.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):247-247A

Department of Information, Evidence and Research, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.230987DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438252PMC
April 2019
1 Read
5.089 Impact Factor

Substance use services for refugees.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Apr;97(4):246-246A

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, John Hopkins University, 615 N Wolfe St, Baltimore, MD 21205, United States of America.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.225086DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6438258PMC
April 2019
1 Read

A novel approach to increase physical activity in older adults in the community using citizen science: a mixed-methods study.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 1. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute, University of Zurich, Hirschengraben 84, 8001, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objectives: The aims of this study were to implement a novel, community-based physical activity (PA) intervention in a Swiss town with active participation of elderly participants and to evaluate its effectiveness, feasibility, acceptability and sustainability.

Methods: The CAPACITY intervention combined important determinants of PA, used smartphone apps to provide feedback/facilitate interaction, and followed a citizen science approach to enable participants to organize walking groups. We targeted persons > 60 years from Wetzikon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01230-3DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Trends in good self-rated health in Germany between 1995 and 2014: do age and gender matter?

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Medical Sociology, OE 5420, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Objectives: This study analyzes longitudinal trends in self-rated health (SRH) by taking age- and gender-specific differences into account.

Methods: Data of 29,251 women and 26,967 men were obtained from the German Socio-Economic Panel between 1995 and 2014. Generalized Estimation Equation analysis for logistic regression was used to estimate changes in odds of (very) good SRH over time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01235-yDOI Listing

The relationship between health literacy and health outcomes among male young adults: exploring confounding effects using decomposition analysis.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Objectives: Previous studies indicate substantial correlations between low health literacy and poor health outcomes. However, empirical findings remain inconsistent and are theoretically challenging. In this study, we conceptually place health literacy within an established model of health inequality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01236-xDOI Listing

Do self-reported data accurately measure health inequalities in risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Departamento de Epidemiologia, Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge, IP, Lisbon, Portugal.

Objectives: This study aimed to compare the magnitude of educational inequalities in self-reported and examination-based hypertension and hypercholesterolemia and to assess the impact of self-reported measurement error on health inequality indicators.

Methods: We used the Portuguese National Health Examination Survey data (n = 4911). The slope index of inequality (SII) and the relative index of inequality (RII) were used to determine the magnitude of absolute and relative education-related inequalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01232-1DOI Listing

Thirty-eight-year trends of educational differences in smoking in Finland.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

National Institute for Health and Welfare, Po Box 30, 00271, Helsinki, Finland.

Objectives: Smoking is declining, but it is unevenly distributed among population groups. Our aim was to examine the socio-economic differences in smoking during 1978-2016 in Finland, a country with a history of strict tobacco control policy.

Methods: Annual population-based random sample data of 25-64-year-olds from 1978 to 2016 (N = 104,315) were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01228-xDOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Development is not the same as ageing: the relevance of puberty to health of adolescents.

Authors:
Candace Currie

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 21;64(2):149-150. Epub 2019 Mar 21.

Global Adolescent Health and Behaviour Research Unit (GAHBRU), GCU London, 40 Fashion Street, London, E1 6PX, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01212-5DOI Listing

Road map towards a harmonized pan-European surveillance of obesity-related lifestyle behaviours and their determinants in children and adolescents.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Achterstr. 30, 28359, Bremen, Germany.

Objectives: To develop a road map towards a harmonized pan-European surveillance system for children and adolescents.

Methods: Representatives of five European surveillance systems and the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents contributed to the road map through a structured workshop in 2016.

Results: A conceptual framework for this road map was developed with seven action points (APs) guiding the successive cross-country harmonization. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01227-yDOI Listing

Neighbourhood environment and transport-related and leisure-time sedentary behaviour amongst women in a city in Southern Brazil: a multilevel analysis.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos, São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil.

Objectives: To assess the association between neighbourhood environmental variables and excessive transport-related and leisure-time sedentary behaviour (ETSB and ELSB, respectively) amongst adult women in Southern Brazil.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a representative sample of 1079 women 20 to 69 years of age who lived in 44 neighbourhoods. Each neighbourhood was determined by drawing a 400-m buffer around the median point of the participants' homes. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00038-019-01229-w
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01229-wDOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Quantifying the impact of reducing socioeconomic inequalities in modifiable risk factors on mortality and mortality inequalities in South Korea.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Institute of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University Medical Research Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Objectives: We quantified the impact of reducing socioeconomic inequalities in risk factors on mortality and mortality inequalities in South Korea.

Methods: The mortality risk function from the 12-year mortality follow-up data of the National Health Insurance Service-National Health Screening Cohort, the prevalence of major risk factors from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2013-2015, and the Health Plan 2020 (HP2020) goals for major risk factors were used to estimate the magnitude of reduction in mortality inequalities by changing the magnitude of income-based inequalities in risk factors in various scenarios under gender-specific models among participants aged 40-79 years.

Results: The greatest reduction in absolute and relative inequalities in mortality would occur if the low-income group achieved the HP2020 goals earlier than the high-income group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01231-2DOI Listing

Adherence to diabetes care process indicators in migrants as compared to non-migrants with diabetes: a retrospective cohort study.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Agenzia Regionale Sanità, Regione Toscana, Via Pietro Dazzi, 1, 50141, Florence, Italy.

Objectives: Prevalence rate of diabetes is high among migrants. Whether migrants are correctly addressed to a standard quality of care for diabetes and are properly followed up are the questions addressed by this retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Compliance to one or repeated Guideline Composite Indicator (GCI), a standard process indicator of care quality, was tested in migrants compared to non-migrant Italian residents with diabetes, living in Tuscany Region, Italy, in years 2011-2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01220-5DOI Listing

Exploring the discrimination-radicalization nexus: empirical evidence from youth and young adults in Belgium.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 6. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Institute for Media Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Objectives: Violence committed by extremists has serious violent and non-violent public health consequences. Researchers have hypothesized an association between experiencing discrimination and support for radicalization. This study examines the relationship between perceived discrimination and support for violent extremism among youth and young adults in Belgium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01226-zDOI Listing

Quantifying health impacts and economic costs of PM exposure in Mexican cities of the National Urban System.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

School of Tourism, Autonomous University of Morelos State (UAEM), Av. Universidad 1001, Col. Chamilpa, 62210, Cuernavaca, Mexico, Morelos, Mexico.

Objectives: To estimate avoidable mortality, potential years of life lost and economic costs associated with particulate matter PM exposure for 2 years (2013 and 2015) in Mexico using two scenarios of reduced concentrations (i.e., mean annual PM concentration < 12 µg/m and mean annual PM concentration < 10 µg/m). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01216-1DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Fueling an epidemic of non-communicable disease in the Balkans: a nutritional survey of Bosnian adults.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Dietary surveys are essential for guiding national efforts to reduce the burden of non-communicable disease, but individual-level dietary data are lacking in many low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of inadequate and excessive intakes of specific nutrients in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Methods: A dietary survey among 853 adults using two 24-h recalls. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00038-019-01222-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01222-3DOI Listing
March 2019
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Health inequalities in terms of myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality: a study with German claims data covering 2006 to 2015.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 1;64(3):387-397. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Medical Sociology Unit, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Strasse 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Objectives: International comparisons are suggesting that mortality inequalities may have changed in the last years, although not always into the same direction. Only a few studies examined myocardial infarction (MI). In our study, long-term developments of MI and all-cause mortality were considered by analysing social gradients by income. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01224-1DOI Listing

Source-country individualism, cultural shock, and depression among immigrants.

Int J Public Health 2019 Mar 1. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Social Analysis and Modelling Division, Statistics Canada, R.H. Coats Building, Floor 24I, 100 Tunney's Pasture Driveway, Ottawa, ON, K1A 0T6, Canada.

Objectives: To determine whether there is a relationship between source-country individualism and depression among different immigrant groups.

Methods: Pooled data from the 2009-2014 waves of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) were used. The CCHS is a cross-sectional, nationally representative household survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01218-zDOI Listing
March 2019
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The influence of built, natural and social environment on physical activity among adults and elderly in southern Brazil: a population-based study.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Postgraduate Program in Public Health, Federal University of Rio Grande, Rio Grande, RS, 96203900, Brazil.

Objectives: This study investigated the association of built, natural and social environment variables with the practice of physical activity (PA) during leisure time and commuting.

Methods: Household interviews were carried out with a representative sample of individuals aged 18 years or older from a municipality in southern Brazil. PA was measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and households were georeferenced with a 500-m buffer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01225-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Current gaps in vaccination coverage: a need to improve prevention and care.

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 28;64(3):311-312. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Division of Prison Health, Geneva University Hospitals, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01221-4DOI Listing

Health literacy research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: an integrative review.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 27. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Media and Information, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

Objectives: This integrative review examines health literacy research in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) and describes: (1) assessments and screening tools used to measure levels of health literacy, and (2) the focus, methods, and findings of health literacy research in the region.

Methods: A total of 246 records were identified through a systematic search of online databases from 1950 to 2017, to include: ProQuest Middle East and Africa, MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Academic OneFile, Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar. The final sample included 49 full-text articles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-01200-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Sex differences in mortality in migrants and the Swedish-born population: Is there a double survival advantage for immigrant women?

Int J Public Health 2019 Apr 24;64(3):377-386. Epub 2019 Feb 24.

Demography Unit, Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: In the present study, we examine whether the relationships between country of origin or reason for migration and mortality differ between men and women.

Methods: We apply hazard regression models on high-quality Swedish register data with nationwide coverage.

Results: Relative to their Swedish counterparts, migrants from Nordic and East European (EU) countries and former Yugoslavia have higher mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01208-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6451703PMC

Health effects of ultrafine particles: a systematic literature review update of epidemiological evidence.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 21. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Institute for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Center for Health and Society, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Postfach 101007, 40001, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Objectives: Due to their small size, ultrafine particles (UFP) are believed to exert higher toxicity than larger particles. As numerous studies on health effects of UFP have been published since the last systematic review in 2013, we aim to systematically review the new literature.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE and the specialized LUDOK database for studies published between 01. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01202-7DOI Listing
February 2019
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What is the role of smartphones on physical activity promotion? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Objectives: To identify and evaluate the effect of interventions that used cell phones as a means to promote physical activity (PA).

Methods: The databases searched were MedLine/PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Science Direct, Lilacs, and SciELO. After removing duplicates, applying exclusion criteria, and checking the reference lists, 45 studies were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01210-7DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads