11,920 results match your criteria International Journal of Public Health [Journal]


What is the role of smartphones on physical activity promotion? A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 13. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Objectives: To identify and evaluate the effect of interventions that used cell phones as a means to promote physical activity (PA).

Methods: The databases searched were MedLine/PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Science Direct, Lilacs, and SciELO. After removing duplicates, applying exclusion criteria, and checking the reference lists, 45 studies were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01210-7DOI Listing
February 2019

Puberty and menstruation knowledge among young adolescents in low- and middle-income countries: a scoping review.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Social Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Objectives: This study presents a scoping review of evidence relating to knowledge and experiences of puberty and menstruation among females aged 10-14 years in low- and middle-income countries.

Methods: Forty-four items from 12 countries were identified from a systematic scoping review and screening of 8083 items. Included studies were quality assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01209-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Compliance, adherence, or implementation?

Authors:
Gabriel Gulis

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Esbjerg, Denmark.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01217-0DOI Listing
February 2019

Growing through adolescence: a gendered approach is needed.

Authors:
Joanna C Inchley

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 10. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

School of Medicine, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9TF, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01213-4DOI Listing
February 2019

Associations between psychological factors and accelerometer-measured physical activity in urban Asian adults.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 9. Epub 2019 Feb 9.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Objectives: Examine the association between psychological variables and accelerometer-measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in urban Asians.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Singapore. Participants wore an accelerometer for 7 days to measure physical activity (PA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01203-6DOI Listing
February 2019

The impact of savings and credit on health and health behaviours: an outcome-wide longitudinal approach.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Kresge Bldg, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Objectives: This study evaluated decisions related to debt and savings on physical health, emotional health and health behaviours.

Methods: The longitudinal data from the Polish biennial household panel-Social Diagnosis Survey-were used. Evidence for a link between credit/savings and health/health behaviours was presented using three waves of the data and an outcome-wide regression analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01214-3DOI Listing
February 2019

The impact of public health insurance on healthcare utilisation in Indonesia: evidence from panel data.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.

Objectives: This study is the first rigorous evaluation of the impact of Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional (JKN) on improving access to outpatient and inpatient care, utilising longitudinal data from the Indonesian Family Life Survey.

Methods: Two treatment groups were identified: a contributory group (N = 982), who paid the premium voluntarily, and a subsidised group (N = 2503), paid by government. Each group was compared with the uninsured group (N = 8576). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01215-2DOI Listing
February 2019

What have we learned on adolescent transitions?

Authors:
Thierry Gagné

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal (ESPUM), Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01207-2DOI Listing
February 2019

Analysis of non-compliance with smoke-free legislation in Russia.

Int J Public Health 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Applied Economics, Faculty of Economic Sciences, National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE), 28/2, Room 2214 Shabolovka Str., Moscow, Russian Federation, 119049.

Objectives: The study examined the smokers' non-compliance rates in indoor public places in Russia and the sociodemographic factors associated with non-compliance.

Methods: Univariate analysis and logistic regression models were performed using cross-sectional data from a representative sample of Russian adults (N = 4006).

Results: 27. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1198-zDOI Listing
February 2019

Finance, data and technology initiatives for noncommunicable disease control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 21;97(2):166-168. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Tampere, P.O. Box 100, 33014, Tampere, Finland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220558DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357561PMC
February 2019

Systems approaches to global and national physical activity plans.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):162-165. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases Department, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357559PMC
February 2019

Climate change, air pollution and noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):160-161. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-224295.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.224295DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357572PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Development of a sweetened beverage tax, Philippines.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 1;97(2):154-159. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

Strategy, Economics and Results Group, Department of Finance, Manila, Philippines.

Problem: Both sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and the incidence of obesity have increased in the Philippines in recent years.

Approach: A proposal to tax sugar-sweetened beverages was introduced in the House of Representatives and merged into a proposed comprehensive Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion (TRAIN) Bill to increase the likelihood of acceptance. The health department and finance department recommended a policy that would maximize benefits to both public health and government revenue. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220459.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220459DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357562PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Integrating noncommunicable disease services into primary health care, Botswana.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 8;97(2):142-153. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Despite the rising burden of noncommunicable diseases, access to quality decentralized noncommunicable disease services remain limited in many low- and middle-income countries. Here we describe the strategies we employed to drive the process from adaptation to national endorsement and implementation of the . The strategies included detailed multilevel assessment with broad stakeholder inputs and in-depth analysis of local data; leveraging academic partnerships; facilitating development of supporting policy instruments; and embedding noncommunicable disease guidelines within broader primary health-care guidelines in keeping with the health ministry strategic direction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.221424DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357568PMC
February 2019

Implementation of national action plans on noncommunicable diseases, Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 19;97(2):129-141. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tivanond Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

By 2016, Member States of the World Health Organization (WHO) had developed and implemented national action plans on noncommunicable diseases in line with the In 2018, we assessed the implementation status of the recommended best-buy noncommunicable diseases interventions in seven Asian countries: Bhutan, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. We gathered data from a range of published reports and directly from health ministries. We included interventions that addressed the use of tobacco and alcohol, inadequate physical activity and high salt intake, as well as health-systems responses, and we identified gaps and proposed solutions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220483DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357573PMC
February 2019

The palm oil industry and noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 8;97(2):118-128. Epub 2018 Jan 8.

College of Medicine and Health, University of Exeter, Exeter, England.

Large-scale industries do not operate in isolation, but have tangible impacts on human and planetary health. An often overlooked actor in the fight against noncommunicable diseases is the palm oil industry. The dominance of palm oil in the food processing industry makes it the world's most widely produced vegetable oil. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/2/18-220434.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.220434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357563PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Legal capacities required for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 20;97(2):108-117. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Health Systems Development Department, World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, Cairo, Egypt.

Law lies at the centre of successful national strategies for prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases. By law we mean international agreements, national and subnational legislation, regulations and other executive instruments, and decisions of courts and tribunals. However, the vital role of law in global health development is often poorly understood, and eclipsed by other disciplines such as medicine, public health and economics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.213777DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357565PMC
February 2019

Modelling the impact of a tax on sweetened beverages in the Philippines: an extended cost-effectiveness analysis.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 5;97(2):97-107. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Manila, Philippines.

Objective: To assess the potential impact of a new tax on sweetened beverages on premature deaths associated with noncommunicable diseases in the Philippines.

Methods: In January 2018, the Philippines began imposing a tax of 6 Philippine pesos per litre (around 13%) on sweetened beverages to curb the obesity burden. Using national data sources, we conducted an extended cost-effectiveness analysis to estimate the effect of the tax on the numbers of premature deaths averted attributed to type 2 diabetes mellitus, ischaemic heart disease and stroke, across income quintiles over the period 2018-2037. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.219980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357567PMC
February 2019
1 Read

World Trade Organization membership and changes in noncommunicable disease risk factors: a comparative interrupted time-series analysis, 1980-2013.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb 6;97(2):83-96A. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, USA.

Objective: To investigate the relationship between joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the availability of several commodities with both harmful and protective effects for the development of noncommunicable diseases.

Methods: We used a natural experiment design to compare trends in the domestic supply of tobacco, alcohol and seven food groups, between 1980 and 2013, in 21 countries or territories joining WTO after 1995 and 26 non-member countries, using propensity score weights. We applied a comparative interrupted time-series framework, by using multivariate random-effects linear models, adjusted for gross domestic product per capita, the percentages of urban population and female labour force participation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.218057DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357569PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Kalpana Balakrishnan: the power of data to drive positive change.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):81-82

Gary Humphreys talks to Kalpana Balakrishnan about her background in biophysics and how science has informed her public health work. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357574PMC
February 2019

Air pollution in Mongolia.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):79-80

Starting in May, the government of Mongolia will introduce a coal burning ban in the capital, Ulaanbaatar, as part of efforts to clean up the city's air. Implementing the ban is going to be a challenge, but reducing air pollution is of fundamental importance to improving population health. Sophie Cousins reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357570PMC
February 2019

Public health round-up.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):77-78

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010219DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357566PMC
February 2019

Implications of self-care for health service provision.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):76-76A

Defeat NCD Partnership, United Nations Office for Project Services, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357575PMC
February 2019

Actions needed to prevent noncommunicable diseases and improve mental health.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):75-75A

Health, Nutrition and Population Global Practice, The World Bank Group, Washington DC, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228700DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357564PMC
February 2019

Overcoming internal challenges and external threats to noncommunicable disease control.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Feb;97(2):74-74A

International Health Policy Program, Ministry of Public Health, Tiwanon Road, Muang District, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.228809DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357571PMC
February 2019

Association of objectively measured and perceived environment with accelerometer-based physical activity and cycling: a Swiss population-based cross-sectional study of children.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 30. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, 4051, Basel, Switzerland.

Objectives: We tested whether objectively assessed neighbourhood characteristics are associated with moderate-to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cycling in Swiss children and adolescents and assessed the mediating role of the perception of the environment.

Methods: The cross-sectional analyses were based on data of 1306 participants aged 6-16 years of the population-based SOPHYA study. MVPA was measured by accelerometry, time spent cycling and the perceived environment by questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01206-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Roll-your-own cigarette use in Italy: sales and consumer profile-data from PASSI surveillance, 2015-2016.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche "Mario Negri", Milan, Italy.

Objectives: The use of roll-your-own (RYO) cigarette has substantially increased in most high-income countries recently. This work aims to update Italian trends on loose tobacco sales and to describe the consumer profile of predominant RYO users.

Methods: Data from the Italian Agency of Customs and State Monopolies and from PASSI (Italian behavioral risk factor surveillance system) were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01204-5DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Feasibility of using respondent-driven sampling to recruit participants in superdiverse neighbourhoods for a general health survey.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 20. Epub 2019 Jan 20.

Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany.

Objectives: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS), a modified chain-referral system, has been proposed as a strategy for reaching 'hidden' populations. We applied RDS to assess its feasibility to recruit 'hard-to-reach' populations such as migrants and the unemployed in a general health survey and compared it to register-based sampling (RBS).

Methods: RDS was applied parallel to standard population RBS in two superdiverse neighbourhoods in Bremen, Germany. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1191-6DOI Listing
January 2019

Migrant mental health, Hickam's dictum, and the dangers of oversimplification.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 11. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1194-3DOI Listing
January 2019

Guidelines for contributors.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):71-72

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.960119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307508PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Indigenous language and inequitable maternal health care, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 31;97(1):59-67. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Public Health Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alcalá, Crtra Madrid-Barcelona Km 33.6, Alcalá de Henares, 28871, Spain.

Latin America and the Caribbean still have high maternal mortality rates and access to health care is very uneven in some countries. Indigenous women, in particular, have poorer maternal health outcomes than the majority of the population and are less likely to benefit from health-care services. Therefore, inequities in maternal health between different ethnic groups should be monitored to identify critical factors that could limit health-care coverage. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-216184.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.216184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307509PMC
January 2019
14 Reads

Canine rabies control and human exposure 1951-2015, Guangzhou, China.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 27;97(1):51-58. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 1 Qi De road, Baiyun District, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: To describe changes in rabies surveillance and management in Guangzhou, China between 1951 and 2015, and to analyse human rabies cases over that period.

Methods: Rabies control policies and strategies implemented by the Guangzhou government were reviewed for three periods: 1951 to 1978, 1979 to 2000 and 2001 to 2015. Data on human rabies deaths and exposure were obtained from Guangzhou and national health and disease records. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-217372.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217372DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307510PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

National age-of-consent laws and adolescent HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a propensity-score matched study.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 20;97(1):42-50. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: To estimate the association between legal age of consent and coverage of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing among adolescents in countries with high HIV-burden.

Methods: We analysed data from adolescents aged 15-18 years, who participated in Demographic and Health Surveys or AIDS Indicator Surveys between 2011 and 2016, in 15 sub-Saharan African countries. To improve balance in the distribution of measured individual- and country-level characteristics, we used propensity score matching between adolescents in countries with more versus less restrictive age-of-consent laws (≤ 15 years versus ≥ 16 years). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.212993DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307515PMC
January 2019
1 Read

HIV prevalence in young people and children living on the streets, Kenya.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 6;97(1):33-41. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

School of Medicine, Moi University College of Health Sciences, Eldoret, Kenya.

Objective: To obtain an estimate of the size of, and human immunodeficiency (HIV) prevalence among, young people and children living on the streets of Eldoret, Kenya.

Methods: We counted young people and children using a point-in-time approach, ensuring we reached our target population by engaging relevant community leaders during the planning of the study. We acquired point-in-time count data over a period of 1 week between the hours of 08:00 and 23:00, from both a stationary site and by mobile teams. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.210211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307507PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Using the polio programme to deliver primary health care in Nigeria: implementation research.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 6;97(1):24-32. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

National Primary Health Care Development Agency, Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria.

Objective: To evaluate a project that integrated essential primary health-care services into the oral polio vaccine programme in hard-to-reach, underserved communities in northern Nigeria.

Methods: In 2013, Nigeria's polio emergency operation centre adopted a new approach to rapidly raise polio immunity and reduce newborn, child and maternal morbidity and mortality. We identified, trained and equipped eighty-four mobile health teams to provide free vaccination and primary-care services in 3176 hard-to-reach settlements. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.211565DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307512PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Multimorbidity and care for hypertension, diabetes and HIV among older adults in rural South Africa.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan 31;97(1):10-23. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA.

Objective: To examine how multimorbidity might affect progression along the continuum of care among older adults with hypertension, diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in rural South Africa.

Methods: We analysed data from 4447 people aged 40 years or older who were enrolled in a longitudinal study in Agincourt sub-district. Household-based interviews were completed between November 2014 and November 2015. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-217000.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.217000DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307505PMC
January 2019
8 Reads

Catalina Devandas Aguilar: empowering people with disabilities.

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Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):8-9

Catalina Devandas Aguilar talks to Stephanie Cheng about the impact of the 2008 the importance of listening to people living with disabilities and what United Nations agencies can do to support their further empowerment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.030119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307513PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Zika: the continuing threat.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):6-7

The steep decline in Zika cases since 2016 has led to a perception that the threat posed by the virus has diminished. Recent outbreaks and global spread underline the need for continued vigilance. Tatum Anderson and Gary Humphreys report. Read More

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/19-020119.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.020119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307503PMC
January 2019
3 Reads

Public health round-up.

Authors:

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):4-5

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.19.010119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307506PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Proxy indicators for antibiotic consumption; surveillance needed to control antimicrobial resistance.

Bull World Health Organ 2019 Jan;97(1):3-3A

Essential Medicines and Health Products, World Health Organization, avenue Appia 20, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

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http://www.who.int/entity/bulletin/volumes/97/1/18-227348.pd
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.18.227348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307504PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Decreasing income inequality and adolescent emotional distress: a population-based case study of Icelandic adolescents 2006-2016.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

School of Business, Reykjavik University, Menntavegi 1, 101, Reykjavík, Iceland.

Objectives: In this study, we aim to test whether changes in community income inequality influence adolescent emotional distress. We take advantage of the unique combination of data and history available in Iceland. This affluent welfare society has experienced extreme shifts in income inequality, allowing us to test whether changes in community income inequality are related to changes in adolescent emotional distress. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00038-018-1193-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1193-4DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Development of a theoretical framework for assessment of quality of primary care medical service trips in Latin America.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Objectives: Short-term medical service trips (MSTs) are a controversial modality for addressing the health of marginalized populations. Despite their prevalence, there are no routinely used evaluative frameworks. This study used stakeholder consensus to validate a literature-based framework for MST best practices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1199-yDOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluating the impact of health policies: using a difference-in-differences approach.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Division of Infectious Diseases/Chronic Viral Illness Service, Department of Medicine, Glen Site, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QC, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1195-2DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read
1.966 Impact Factor

What does 'Keep Watch' mean to migrant parents? Examining differences in supervision, cardiopulmonary resuscitation training and water familiarisation.

Int J Public Health 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Collaboration for Evidence, Research and Impact in Public Health, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA, 6845, Australia.

Objectives: Drowning is a public health challenge. Children of migrants may be at increased risk as parents may be unaware of local water safety issues. This study explores differences between Australian-born and migrant parents in Western Australia for: (1) swimming ability; (2) supervision; (3) water familiarisation; and (4) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1197-0DOI Listing
January 2019
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A comparison of information sharing behaviours across 379 health conditions on Twitter.

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 26. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Northumbria University, Northumbria, UK.

Objectives: To compare information sharing of over 379 health conditions on Twitter to uncover trends and patterns of online user activities.

Methods: We collected 1.5 million tweets generated by over 450,000 Twitter users for 379 health conditions, each of which was quantified using a multivariate model describing engagement, user and content aspects of the data and compared using correlation and network analysis to discover patterns of user activities in these online communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1192-5DOI Listing
December 2018

It takes a village: a realist synthesis of social pediatrics program.

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 24. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Objectives: To better understand how social pediatric initiatives (SPIs) enact equitable, integrated, embedded approaches with high-needs children and families while facilitating proportionate distribution of health resources.

Methods: The realist review method incorporated the following steps: (1) identifying the review question, (2) formulating the initial theory, (3) searching for primary studies, (4) selecting and appraising study quality, (5) synthesizing relevant data and (6) refining the theory.

Results: Our analysis identified four consistent patterns of care that may be effective in social pediatrics: (1) horizontal partnerships based on willingness to share status and power; (2) bridged trust initiated through previously established third party relationships; (3) knowledge support increasing providers' confidence and skills for engaging community; and (4) increasing vulnerable families' self-reliance through empowerment strategies. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00038-018-1190-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1190-7DOI Listing
December 2018
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The decline in adolescent substance use across Europe and North America in the early twenty-first century: A result of the digital revolution?

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 17. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80.140, 3508 TC, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Increases in electronic media communication (EMC) and decreases in face-to-face peer contact in the evening (FTF) have been thought to explain the recent decline in adolescent substance use (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis). This study addresses this hypothesis, by examining associations between (time trends in) EMC, FTF, and substance use in more than 25 mainly European countries.

Methods: Using 2002-2014 data from the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, we ran multilevel logistic regression analyses to investigate the above associations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1182-7DOI Listing
December 2018
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Grounding evidence in experience to support people-centered health services.

Int J Public Health 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, 5858 chemin de la Côte des Neiges, Montreal, QC, H3S 1Z1, Canada.

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00038-018-1180-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1180-9DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads