443 results match your criteria International Journal of Pediatrics [Journal]


Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of HIV Positive Mothers on Antiretroviral Treatment towards Infant Feeding in Gondar Town Health Institutions, North West Ethiopia, 2017.

Int J Pediatr 2019 1;2019:9107989. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of pediatrics, University of Gondar Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia.

Introduction: The world health organization recommends feeding practices for infants born from Human Immunodeficiency Virus infected mothers to be safe to both the infant and the mother. This includes prevention of mother to child transmission of the virus and at the same time meeting nutritional requirements of the child. This requires prioritizing prevention of HIV transmission through breastfeeding against non-HIV morbidity and mortality especially from malnutrition and serious illnesses such as diarrhea, among nonbreastfed infants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9107989DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332993PMC
January 2019

Do Maternal Vitamin D Levels Influence Vitamin D Levels in Preterm Neonates?

Int J Pediatr 2019 1;2019:8613414. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Dept of Neonatology, Centenary Hospital for Women and Children, Canberra Hospital, Woden, ACT, Australia.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency/insufficiency in mothers of preterm neonates less than or equal to 32 weeks of gestation and determine if the current level of VitD supplementation used for preterm neonates is appropriate.

Design: Prospective study from 10 May 2015 to 1 November 2016.

Setting: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Canberra Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8613414DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332981PMC
January 2019

Effects of a Psychological Preparation Intervention on Anxiety Associated with Pediatric Anorectal Manometry.

Int J Pediatr 2019 1;2019:7569194. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, USA.

Background And Aims: High-resolution anorectal manometry (HRM) is associated with significant patient and parent anxiety, which can impact the success and efficiency of the procedure. The nature of HRM necessitates cooperation of an alert child. This study examined effects of psychoeducation intervention on decreasing procedural distress in both pediatric patients and their parents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7569194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333011PMC
January 2019

Attitudes towards Donor Breast Milk in an Inner City Population.

Int J Pediatr 2019 1;2019:3847283. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Kings County Hospital Center, SUNY Downstate School of Medicine, Brooklyn, New York 11203, USA.

The purpose of our study was to identify attitudes towards donor breast milk in our population and identify barriers to its acceptance. The study sample was comprised of a convenience sample of 174 postpartum women. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information and 12 questions relating to attitudes and understanding of donor breast milk was administered. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2019/3847283/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3847283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332948PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Reproducibility of BiliCare™ Transcutaneus Bilirrubin Meter in Mexican Newborns.

Int J Pediatr 2019 1;2019:3812152. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Health Science Department, School of Medicine. Anahuac University State of México, Mexico.

Background: Newborn hyperbilirubinemia is considered a worldwide health problem that demands medical evaluation. Noninvasive transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) has been used as a screening method with different devices but there has not been any evaluation of reproducibility of the same brand devices. The BiliCare™ system is evaluated to demonstrate consistency between measurements with four different devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3812152DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6333005PMC
January 2019

Exclusive Breastfeeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers in Boditi Town, Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2018: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Pediatr 2019 1;2019:1483024. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Midwifery, College of Health Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia.

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding tops the table of life-saving interventions for newborns. A child who is exclusively breastfed is 14 times less likely to die in the first six months compared to its counterpart. Approximately 18,000 children globally still die every day and if current trend continues, some 60 million children under age 5 will die between 2017 and 2030, and half of them will be newborns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/1483024DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332949PMC
January 2019

Psychosocial Profile in Portuguese Adolescents with Chronic Disease Attending an Outpatient Department in a Hospital Setting.

Int J Pediatr 2018 16;2018:9382648. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Departamento de Pediatria do Hospital de Santa Maria, CAML, Centro Académico de Medicina de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

Living with a chronic disease (CD) in adolescence involves new multifaceted challenges. This study aims to conduct a psychosocial characterization of a group of adolescents with chronic diseases in a hospital setting and to compare such dimensions for the total group and for different diseases. A cross-sectional study included 135 adolescents with chronic diseases (51. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9382648DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311261PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Acute Kidney Injury in Pediatric Treated with Vancomycin and Piperacillin-Tazobactam in Tertiary Care Hospital.

Int J Pediatr 2018 16;2018:9256528. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

College of Pharmacy, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS), Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam (PTZ) are commonly used as empirical therapy for patients with health care associated infections. Vancomycin has been recognized as a nephrotoxic agent and in a few cases in the literature PTZ has been associated with interstitial nephritis nevertheless; the combination of these agents has routinely been used for many years. However, there have been some observational studies that showed high rates of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving vancomycin and PTZ concomitant treatment compared to patients receiving vancomycin alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9256528DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311308PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Determinants of Health Seeking Behavior among Caregivers of Infants Admitted with Acute Childhood Illnesses at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya.

Int J Pediatr 2018 16;2018:5190287. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

University of Nairobi, College of Health Sciences, School of Nursing Sciences, P.O. Box 19676- 00202 Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Poor, delayed, or inappropriate health seeking for a sick infant with acute childhood illness is associated with high morbidity/mortality. Delay in health seeking is implicated with fatal complications and prolonged hospital stay. Thus, caregivers ought to identify danger signs and promptly seek professional help for a sick infant. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/5190287/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5190287DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311279PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Sex-Specific Association between Childhood BMI Trajectories and Asthma Phenotypes.

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:9057435. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada.

Background: Asthma and obesity are two common health problems in the pediatric population. Obesity is associated with several comorbidities which are of great consequence. Excess adipose tissue has been linked to asthma in a number of studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9057435DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304644PMC
December 2018

Might the Mothers of Premature Babies Feed Them and Devote Some Milk to the Milk Bank?

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:3628952. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

BLUD, Fondazione IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza, UO TIN-Neonatologia, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.

The breast milk is the gold standard food for the feeding of the premature baby: it is the natural way to provide excellent nutritional, immunological, and biological nutriment so as to facilitate a healthy growth and the development of the infants. When the breast milk is not available, the alternative is represented by the donated milk. The mothers of premature infants are important opportunity if we consider the fact that they could devote some milk both because they provide a food which is closer to the needs of the vulnerable category of newborns and because it is, for the mothers, a way to overcome the detachment and the psychological trauma of a premature birth. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/3628952/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3628952DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304568PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Feeding Practice during Diarrheal Episode among Children Aged between 6 to 23 Months in Mirab Abaya District, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia.

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:2374895. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Health, Jimma University, Ethiopia.

Background: Diarrheal disease is one of the main causes of childhood malnutrition. In developing countries 30% of pediatric beds are occupied with children having diarrheal disease. Fluid replacement, continued feeding, and increasing appropriate fluid at home during the diarrhea episodes are the cornerstone of treatment package. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/2374895/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2374895DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304630PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

A Systematic Review of Pediatric and Adult In-Flight Medical Emergencies.

Int J Pediatr 2018 25;2018:6596490. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

In-flight medical emergencies (IMEs) are acute onboard events of illnesses or injuries with potential immediate risk to a passenger's short- or long-term health, or life. IMEs are significant events that are related to public safety concerns. With the increasing amount of annual air travel every year, it is expected that the number of encountered IMEs will continue to grow. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/6596490/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6596490DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286751PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Postnatal Growth Restriction Is Reduced If Birth Weight Is Used for Nutritional Calculations in ELBW Infants.

Int J Pediatr 2018 11;2018:2045370. Epub 2018 Nov 11.

University of Health Sciences, Farmington, CT, USA.

Since fluid and nutrition needs and delivery in ELBW infants are calculated based on their body weights, there could be a measurable difference in fluid, nutrition, and protein intake calculations based on birth weight (BW) or current weight of the infant, especially in the first two weeks of life. Theoretically, the use of current daily weight (CW) for calculations may result in decreased fluid, nutrition, and protein delivery as well as a cumulative protein deficit (cPD) over the first two weeks of life until the infant regains birth weight. However, there have been no clinical studies comparing the clinical and nutritional impact of these two strategies is unknown. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2045370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6252204PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Infectious and Noninfectious Acute Pericarditis in Children: An 11-Year Experience.

Int J Pediatr 2018 8;2018:5450697. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI, USA.

Objective: The study was undertaken to determine the etiology, review management, and outcome in children diagnosed with acute pericarditis during 11 years at tertiary pediatric institution.

Methods: Retrospective chart review of children diagnosed between 2004 and 2014. Patients with postsurgical pericardial effusions were excluded. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/5450697/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5450697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250032PMC
November 2018
15 Reads

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy through PowerPoint: Efficacy in an Adolescent Clinical Population with Depression and Anxiety.

Int J Pediatr 2018 8;2018:1396216. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Queen's University, Providence Care Hospital, 752 King Street West, Postal Bag 603, Kingston, Ontario, K7L 7X3, Canada.

Background: Limited help-seeking behaviours, among adolescents with mental health concerns and many barriers to accessing mental health services, make innovative approaches to administering mental health therapies crucial. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficacy of e-CBT given via PowerPoint slides to treat adolescents with anxiety and/or depression.

Method: 15 adolescents referred to an outpatient adolescent psychiatry clinic to treat a primary DSM-IV diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression chose between 8 weeks of e-CBT (n=7) or 7 weeks of live CBT (n=8). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/1396216/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1396216DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250002PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

A Pooled Analysis of Growth and Tolerance of Infants Exclusively Fed Partially Hydrolyzed Whey or Intact Protein-Based Infant Formulas.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:4969576. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Nestlé Nutrition, Florham Park, NJ, USA.

Background: For infants who are partially or exclusively fed infant formula, many options exist with compositional differences between formulas making choices difficult for caregivers and healthcare professionals. The protein in routine infant formulas differs by the source, fraction of cow's milk protein used, and degree of hydrolysis. All commercially available regulated infant formulas support growth and development, but different stool patterns have been observed based on formula composition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4969576DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236927PMC
November 2018

Pediatric Adrenal Insufficiency: Diagnosis, Management, and New Therapies.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:1739831. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, Nationwide Children's Hospital/The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Adrenal insufficiency may result from a wide variety of congenital or acquired disorders of hypothalamus, pituitary, or adrenal cortex. Destruction or dysfunction of the adrenal cortex is the cause of primary adrenal insufficiency, while secondary adrenal insufficiency is a result of pituitary or hypothalamic disease. Timely diagnosis and clinical management of adrenal insufficiency are critical to prevent morbidity and mortality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1739831DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6236909PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Validation of a Modified Triage Scale in a Norwegian Pediatric Emergency Department.

Int J Pediatr 2018 15;2018:4676758. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, 5021 Bergen, Norway.

Objective: Triage is a tool developed to identify patients who need immediate care and those who can safely wait. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and interrater reliability of a modified version of the pediatric South African triage scale (pSATS) in a single-center tertiary pediatric emergency department in Norway.

Methods: This prospective, observational study included all patients with medical conditions, referred to the pediatric emergency department of a tertiary hospital in Norway from September 1, 2015, to November 17, 2015. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/4676758/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4676758DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6205310PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Usefulness of Pelvic Radiographs in the Initial Trauma Evaluation with Concurrent CT: Is Additional Radiation Exposure Necessary?

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:6260954. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, 160 East Erie Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19134, USA.

Trauma patients in a Level I Pediatric Trauma Center may undergo CT of the abdomen and pelvis with concurrent radiograph during initial evaluation in an attempt to diagnose injury. To determine if plain digital radiograph of the pelvis adds additional information in the initial trauma evaluation when CT of the abdomen and pelvis is also performed, trauma patients who presented to an urban Level I Pediatric Trauma Center between 1 January 2010 and 7 February 2017 in whom pelvic radiograph and CT of the abdomen and pelvis were performed within 24 hours of each other were analyzed. A total of 172 trauma patients had pelvic radiograph and CT exams performed within 24 hours of each other. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6260954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6189674PMC
October 2018

Demographic Correlates of Infant Feeding Practices and Growth Performance in the First Year of Life.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:6569204. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, College of Health Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Room 716, Armour Academic Center, 6000 S Paulina St., Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

The aims of this study are (1) to assess changes in infant WHO growth indicators (weight-for-age, weight-for-length, and head circumference z-scores) from birth to 12 months of age as a function of feeding practices (FP) and (2) to describe the proportion of infants experiencing rapid weight gain (RWG; defined as change in weight-for-age z-score of ≥0.67 between birth and six months) among different FP. The modified Infant Feeding Practices Study II questionnaire was administered to 149 diverse caretakers/mothers of infants who were less than six months of age in a pediatric outpatient clinic. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/6569204/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6569204DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6188722PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Thyroid Function in Chronically Transfused Children with Beta Thalassemia Major: A Cross-Sectional Hospital Based Study.

Int J Pediatr 2018 16;2018:9071213. Epub 2018 Sep 16.

Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, India.

Background: Thalassemia is the most common genetic disorder worldwide. Use of iron chelators has improved survival but endocrine complications have become more frequent. The frequency of hypothyroidism in Beta Thalassemia Major (BTM) children ranges from 6 to 30 %. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9071213DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6165584PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Stress Oximetry: Description of a Test to Determine Readiness for Discontinuing Oxygen Therapy in Infants with Chronic Lung Disease.

Int J Pediatr 2018 9;2018:8151678. Epub 2018 Sep 9.

Division of Neonatology, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.

Background: In infants with CLD there are no objective tests to monitor an infant's progress towards weaning out of oxygen inhalation therapy (OIT). A test involving staged maneuvers of increasing respiratory stress while decreasing oxygen support, termed Stress Oximetry (StressOx), has been used at our center for weaning OIT.

Objective: To report the clinical utility of "StressOx" in evaluating readiness for discontinuing OIT in infants with CLD. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/8151678/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8151678DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6151215PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Retrospective Cohort Analysis of Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infection following Introduction of a Central Line Bundle in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit.

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:4658181. Epub 2018 Sep 2.

Australian National University Medical School, 54 Mills Road Acton, ACT 2601, Canberra, Australia.

Background: Central Line Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI) constitute a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in neonatal populations. There has been an overwhelming increase in the use of evidence-based care practices, also known as bundles, in the reduction of these infections. In this report, rates of CLABSI and central line utilisation were examined following the introduction of a central line bundle in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at the Canberra Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4658181DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6139226PMC
September 2018
19 Reads

Household Food Insecurity and Psychosocial Dysfunction in Ecuadorian Elementary Schoolchildren.

Int J Pediatr 2018 13;2018:6067283. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Department of Environmental & Occupational Health, Indiana University-Bloomington School of Public Health, USA.

Household food insecurity (HFI) is a major global public health and pediatric concern due to its reported association with adverse child nutrition, growth, and health outcomes. Psychosocial dysfunction is a major cause of childhood disability. US and Canadian studies have linked HFI to poorer overall psychosocial dysfunction and specific dysfunction types in school-aged children, i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6067283DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110046PMC
August 2018
6 Reads

Prevalence of Neonatal Sepsis and Associated Factors among Neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at Selected Governmental Hospitals in Shashemene Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia, 2017.

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:7801272. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University, Arbaminch, Ethiopia.

Background: Neonatal sepsis is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in developing countries accounting for 30-50% of total deaths each year. Childhood mortality is often used as broad indicator of the social development or a specific indicator of health conditions of a country.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of neonatal sepsis and associated factors among neonates admitted in neonatal intensive care unit at two hospitals in Shashemene town, Ethiopia. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/7801272/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7801272DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6098917PMC
August 2018
16 Reads

Treatment Outcome of Severe Acute Malnutrition and Its Determinants among Pediatric Patients in West Ethiopia.

Int J Pediatr 2018 30;2018:8686501. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Pharmacy, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia.

Background: Malnutrition is a silent killer that is underreported, underaddressed, and as a result underprioritized. It is reported that severe acute malnutrition is the commonest reason for pediatrics hospital admission in many poor countries; 25 to 30% of children with severe malnutrition die during hospital admissions.

Objective: To determine treatment outcome of severe acute malnutrition and identify its determinants among pediatric patients in pediatrics ward of Nekemte Referral Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8686501DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091446PMC
July 2018
26 Reads

Diagnostic and Prognostic Validity of Proadrenomedullin among Neonates with Sepsis in Tertiary Care Hospitals of Southern India.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:7908148. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Professor and Head, Department of Pediatrics, Kasturba Medical College Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, Karnataka 575001, India.

Introduction: To evaluate Proadrenomedullin (Pro-ADM) as the diagnostic and prognostic marker in neonatal sepsis.

Materials And Methods: In this cross-sectional study, Pro-ADM levels were estimated in 54 neonates with clinical sepsis and positive sepsis screen (cases) and 54 controls without clinical sepsis. Repeat Pro-ADM levels were estimated after 72 hours in cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7908148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092974PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Vitamin D Status and Associated Factors in Neonates in a Resource Constrained Setting.

Int J Pediatr 2018 5;2018:9614975. Epub 2018 Jul 5.

Departments of Paediatrics and Child Health, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Tanzania.

Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is emerging as a serious public health problem globally; however due to lack of resources, vitamin D levels are not routinely measured among neonates. The study was conducted to determine vitamin D levels in neonates and factors associated with the same. A cross-sectional study was conducted among neonates admitted at neonatal ward of a tertiary care hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9614975DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6076921PMC
July 2018
13 Reads

Electrocardiographic Analysis of Repolarization Changes in South Indian Children with Kawasaki Disease after the Acute Phase of Illness.

Int J Pediatr 2018 2;2018:1062154. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Paediatrics, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, Karnataka 575001, India.

Background: Cardiac involvement in children with Kawasaki disease (KD) may present with repolarization abnormalities which are associated with increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac events.

Methods: Twenty children with history of KD without cardiac involvement in the acute phase were recruited along with age and sex-matched controls. Twelve-lead ECG was obtained from both groups using CARDIART 610T ECG system at 25 mm/sec and 50 mm/sec paper speed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1062154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051242PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

The Relation between Asthma Control and Quality of Life in Children.

Int J Pediatr 2018 3;2018:6517329. Epub 2018 Jul 3.

Department of Paediatrics, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Asthma is a common chronic illness worldwide. Asthmatic children are forced to alter their way of living to avoid its complications or exacerbations, which negatively affects their psychological and social well-being. High prevalence of behavioral and emotional difficulties was noticed among children with asthma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6517329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051244PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Factors Associated with HIV Status Disclosure and Its Effect on Treatment Adherence and Quality of Life among Children 6-17 Years on Antiretroviral Therapy in Southern Highlands Zone, Tanzania: Unmatched Case Control Study.

Int J Pediatr 2018 26;2018:8058291. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

School of Medicine and Dentistry, College of Health Science, University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania.

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that children should be informed of their HIV status at ages 6 to 12 years and full disclosure of HIV and AIDS be offered in a caring and supportive manner at about 8 to 10 years. The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with HIV status disclosure and its effect on treatment adherence and health-related quality of life among children between 6 and 17 years of age living with HIV/AIDS in the Southern Highlands Zone, Tanzania, 2017.

Methods: A hospital based unmatched case control study was conducted between April and September 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8058291DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6038591PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

The Association between the Parents' Knowledge of Carbohydrate Counting and the Glycaemic Control of the Children with Type 1 Diabetes.

Int J Pediatr 2018 19;2018:1036214. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Medical nutritional therapy is an important component of type 1 diabetes (T1D) care in children and carbohydrate counting is one such method. We aimed to evaluate the knowledge of carbohydrate counting among parents of children with T1D from Sri Lanka and study its association with the child's glycaemic control.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among parents of children with T1D. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1036214DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029457PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Diarrhea Prevalence and Sociodemographic Factors among Under-Five Children in Rural Areas of North Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia.

Int J Pediatr 2018 3;2018:6031594. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

University of Gondar, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, Department of Medical Microbiology, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Diarrheal disease remains one of the principal causes of morbidity and mortality in infants and children in developing countries, including Ethiopia. Risk factors for diarrhea vary by settings and have important implications for developing intervention strategies to reduce the burden of the disease. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess diarrhea prevalence and sociodemographic factors among under-five children in rural areas of North Gondar Zone. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2018/6031594/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6031594DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008758PMC
June 2018
6 Reads

Early Infant Feeding Practices as Possible Risk Factors for Immunoglobulin E-Mediated Food Allergies in Kuwait.

Int J Pediatr 2018 3;2018:1701903. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

School of Human Nutrition, McGill University, 21,111 Lakeshore, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC H9X3V9, Canada.

Objective: Early feeding and infant exposures have been suggested as potential risk factors for immunoglobulin E- (IgE-) mediated food allergy (FA). We aimed to evaluate the association between IgE-mediated FA in children and early exposures including the child's nutritional status, breastfeeding and its duration, the age at which the solid food was first introduced, antibiotic exposure during the first year of life, and the child's vitamin D status during infancy.

Design: A case-control study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1701903DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008860PMC
June 2018
67 Reads

Neurocysticercosis in Children with Seizures: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Pediatr 2018 21;2018:1030878. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Pediatrics, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa 32900, Nepal.

Background: Neurocysticercosis (NCC), a common cause of seizures in children from low and middle income countries (LMICs), if not diagnosed and treated early enough may lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of data on the prevalence of NCC and its clinical characteristics among those with seizure in South-Western Nepal.

Aims And Objectives: To study the prevalence and clinical characteristics of NCC in children with seizures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1030878DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987327PMC
May 2018
17 Reads

Severity of Oral Mucositis in Children following Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy and Its Implications at a Single Oncology Centre in Durango State, Mexico.

Int J Pediatr 2018 10;2018:3252765. Epub 2018 May 10.

Molecular Pathology Area, School of Dentistry, University of the Republic, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Background: Mucositis is an adverse effect of chemotherapy (QT) and/or radiotherapy (RT). The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence of oral mucositis in children undergoing cancer treatment.

Methods: Fifty-one children with cancer who had received QT, RT, or both (QT-RT) underwent clinical evaluations; World Health Organization criteria were used to establish the degree and severity of mucositis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3252765DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971240PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Saudi Arabia: A Soaring Epidemic.

Int J Pediatr 2018 8;2018:9408370. Epub 2018 May 8.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Diabetes Treatment Center, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is quite prevalent in the world, with a proportion of 1 in every 300 persons and steadily rising frequency of incidence of about 3% every year. More alarmingly, the incidence of T1DM among infants is also increasing, with children as young as 6 months succumbing to it, instead of that at a rather established vulnerable age of around seven and near puberty, when the hormones antagonize the action of insulin. These reports pose a unique challenge of developing efficient T1DM management system for the young children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9408370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5964576PMC
May 2018
1 Read

The Age at Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children in Japan.

Int J Pediatr 2018 7;2018:5374725. Epub 2018 May 7.

Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Morinomiya University of Medical Sciences, 1-26-16, Nankoukita, Suminoe-ku, Osaka 559-0024, Japan.

Background: No large-scale study of the timing of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis has been performed in Japan to date. The aim of this study was to examine sex differences and annual trends in age at diagnosis of ASD using clinical data.

Methods: Clinical data for children aged less than 18 years diagnosed with ASD between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, and in whom follow-up was possible 1 year after diagnosis, were extracted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5374725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5964587PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Evaluation of Clinical and Immunological Characteristics of Children with Common Variable Immunodeficiency.

Int J Pediatr 2018 23;2018:3527480. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

Background: Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder (PID) that typically presents with hypogammaglobulinemia and impaired antibody production.

Objectives: This study aimed to promote the awareness of CVID, whose clinical spectrum is quite broad.

Methods: The demographic, clinical, and laboratory characteristics of 12 children (seven males and five females) with CVID were analyzed retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3527480DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937368PMC
April 2018
2 Reads

Transcutaneous Bilirubin Measurements Can Be Used to Measure Bilirubin Levels during Phototherapy.

Int J Pediatr 2018 20;2018:4856390. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To determine whether transcutaneous bilirubin measurements (TcB) before and during phototherapy taken from covered skin during phototherapy correlate with total serum bilirubin (TSB) levels.

Study Design: In this prospective observational study, healthy term newborns who required TSB measurements were included. TcB measurements were taken from the forehead before starting and during phototherapy using the BiliChek device. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4856390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5883922PMC
March 2018
1 Read

Knowledge Level and Determinants of Neonatal Jaundice: A Cross-Sectional Study in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:3901505. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, College of Health and Allied Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is a major cause of hospital admission during the neonatal period and is associated with significant mortality. This case-control study with cross-sectional design sought to identify the possible factors associated with neonatal jaundice and assess maternal knowledge level of this condition.

Methods: One hundred and fifty (150) neonates comprising 100 with clinically evident jaundice and 50 without jaundice were conveniently recruited from the Trauma and Specialist Hospital in the Effutu Municipality. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3901505DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5852853PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation Improves Heart Rate Variability in Obese Children.

Int J Pediatr 2018 26;2018:8789604. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Caritas-Krankenhaus Bad Mergentheim, Department of Pediatrics, Uhlandstraße 7, Bad Mergentheim, Germany.

Obese children and adolescents are at high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases later in life. We hypothesized that cardiovascular prophylaxis with omega-3 fatty acids could benefit them. In our study, 20 children and adolescents (mean body mass index percentile: 99. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8789604DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5846363PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Growth and Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Preterm LBW Infants with Sepsis in India: A Prospective Cohort.

Int J Pediatr 2018 21;2018:5735632. Epub 2018 Feb 21.

Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Center, Hyderabad, India.

Objective: Neonatal sepsis is associated with abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes but not with poor growth at 9 to 15 months of corrected age in LBW infants.

Design Setting And Participants: This is a prospective cohort study involving 128 eligible preterm low-birth-weight (LBW) infants admitted during the period of 2013-2014 to the Durgabai Deshmukh Hospital and Research Center. All patients were followed up in the outpatient Department of Pediatrics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5735632DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5841091PMC
February 2018
2 Reads

Infants Born Large for Gestational Age and Developmental Attainment in Early Childhood.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:9181497. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.

Objectives: To investigate if an association exists between being born large for gestational age (LGA) and verbal ability or externalizing behaviour problems at ages 4-5 years.

Method: A secondary analysis was conducted using the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, including singleton births in 2004-2005 followed till 4-5 years ( = 1685). LGA was defined as a birth weight > 90th percentile. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9181497DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5817806PMC
January 2018
1 Read

Skinfold Thickness Measurement in Term Nigerian Neonates: Establishing Reference Values.

Int J Pediatr 2018 1;2018:3624548. Epub 2018 Jan 1.

Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, Nigeria.

Skin fold thickness (SFT) measurement is a reliable, cheap, simple, noninvasive method of body fat estimation at all ages including the neonatal period. . To determine reference values of biceps, triceps, subscapular, and suprailiac skinfold thickness measurements in term Nigerian newborns. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3624548DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5817819PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Assessment of Child Immunization Coverage and Associated Factors with Full Vaccination among Children Aged 12-23 Months at Mizan Aman Town, Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.

Int J Pediatr 2017 24;2017:7976587. Epub 2017 Dec 24.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia.

Immunization remains one of the most important and cost-effective public health interventions to reduce child mortality and morbidity. Globally, it is estimated to avert between 2 and 3 million deaths each year. In Ethiopia, immunization coverage rates stagnated and remained very low for many years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7976587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5757163PMC
December 2017
4 Reads

High Prevalence of Undernutrition among Children in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Pediatr 2017 12;2017:5367070. Epub 2017 Dec 12.

Department of Hematology and Immunohematology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P.O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Objective: To assess undernutrition and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months in Gondar Town, northwest Ethiopia.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014. Multistage sampling method was used to select study participants. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijpedi/2017/5367070/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5367070DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745770PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Kerosene Oil Poisoning among Children in Rural Sri Lanka.

Int J Pediatr 2017 16;2017:8798610. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.

Introduction: Kerosene oil poisoning is one of common presentations to emergency departments among children in rural territories of developing countries. This study aimed to describe clinical manifestations, reasons for delayed presentations, harmful first aid practices, complications, and risk factors related to kerosene oil poisoning among children in rural Sri Lanka.

Methods: This multicenter study was conducted in North-Central province of Sri Lanka involving all in-patient children with acute kerosene oil poisoning. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8798610DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733930PMC
November 2017
5 Reads