7,964 results match your criteria International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology[Journal]


Predictive values of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and other prognostic factors in pediatric idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 11;120:134-139. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Gil Medical Center, School of Medicine, Gachon University, Incheon, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background And Objectives: No consensus has been reached regarding the optimum treatment or factors affecting prognosis in pediatric idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) due to its rarity. In the present study, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors of ISSNHL were investigated in pediatric patients who underwent steroid therapy.

Subjects: and Methods: Forty-two patients diagnosed with ISSNHL were enrolled in this retrospective study and compared with 39 normal healthy controls with respect to demography and complete blood cell count test results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.023DOI Listing
February 2019

Pharyngeal flap using carotid artery mobilization in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome with velopharyngeal insufficiency.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 13;120:130-133. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome is the most common microdeletion syndrome in children. Many patients with this disease develop craniofacial defects including cleft palate, bifid uvula, and velopharyngeal insufficiency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.010DOI Listing
February 2019

Comparison of three different surgical techniques for designing pharyngeal flaps according to findings of videonasopharyngoscopy and multiplanar videofluoroscopy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 11;120:123-129. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Ian Jackson Craniofacial and Cleft Palate Clinic, Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI, USA.

Background: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) occurs when the velopharyngeal sphincter (VPS) is unable to completely seal anatomical closure between the nasal and oral cavities during speech. Palatal repair can restore VPS function but the prevalence of VPI after repair has been reported ranging from 20% to 40%. The combination of flexible videonasopharyngoscopy (FVNP) and multiplanar videofluoroscopy (MPVF) has been reported as the best approach for assessing the VPS mechanism and planning effective surgical procedures aimed to correct VPI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193008
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.022DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Outcome of drug-induced sleep endoscopy-directed surgery for persistent obstructive sleep apnea after adenotonsillar surgery.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 6;120:118-122. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Nursing Service, Hospital Universitari General de Catalunya, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain; Sant Ildefons Cornellà Health Centre, Institut Català de la Salut, Spain.

Purpose: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is suitable for evaluating persistent obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) after adenotonsillar surgery as a means to guide surgical intervention, yet few studies demonstrate its usefulness in resolving the syndrome. We describe our experience of DISE-directed surgery in children with persistent OSAS by analysing objective and subjective outcomes of this treatment.

Methods: Prospective study of 20 otherwise healthy 2-12 year-old children with OSAS persisting after adenotonsillar surgery. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.004DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

The relationship between health-related quality of life and speech in patients with cleft palate.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 8;120:112-117. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Ghent University, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Speech-language Pathology/Audiology, Research Group, Ghent, Belgium; University of Pretoria, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Pretoria, South Africa.

Introduction: In health-care, current efforts focus on providing patient-centered care. Specifically for patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency, and by extent patients with cleft palate, the Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VPI) Effects on Life Outcomes (VELO) questionnaire (Skirko et al., 2012; 2013) allows the clinician to map the impact of speech and swallowing difficulties on the patient's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.018DOI Listing
February 2019

Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 10;120:93-99. Epub 2019 Feb 10.

Department of Otolaryngology & Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, 02115, United States; Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a rare malignant salivary gland neoplasm in the pediatric population. Few studies have discussed best practice with respect to diagnosis and treatment in children.

Objective: To present our institution's experience with the evaluation and management of pediatric mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.020DOI Listing
February 2019

Relationship between otorhinologic trauma and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 8;120:89-92. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Otorinolaryngology, Private Hatem Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Objevtives: Otorhinologic trauma is an important condition at the ear, nose and throat (ENT) outpatient clinic in children. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been identified as a potential risk factor that may contribute to the incidence of traumatic injuries. The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is an association between otorhinologic trauma and ADHD symptoms in children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.016DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pediatric preseptal and orbital cellulitis: A 10-year experience.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 7;120:82-88. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Pediatrics Department, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Portugal.

Objective: Characterize clinical features, epidemiology and treatment of hospitalized pediatric cases of preseptal and orbital cellulitis.

Methods: Retrospective study of children/adolescents admitted to a central hospital with preseptal and orbital cellulitis between 2007 and 2017.

Results: A total of 122 cases were included, 80. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.003DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Pediatric tracheostomy first tube change: When is it safe?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 8;120:78-81. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, Our Lady's Children's Hospital Crumlin, Dublin, Ireland.

Objectives: The first tracheostomy tube change is typically performed on days 5-7 post-operatively, however recent international consensus guidelines suggested that, with maturation sutures, days 3-5 is appropriate. We evaluate whether a first tube change on day 2 post-operatively is safe and effective.

Methods: We carried out a retrospective review of all patients undergoing tracheostomy between 2009 and 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.017DOI Listing
February 2019

Using anxiolytics in a pediatric otolaryngology clinic to avoid the operating room.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 5;120:73-77. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Division of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: There is increasing concern regarding the risks associated with the use of general anesthesia in pediatric patients. Many otolaryngologic procedures performed under general anesthesia can also be performed in clinic. We hypothesize that anxiolytics can aid in performing common procedures in clinic thus avoiding the need to undergo general anesthesia in the OR. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.014DOI Listing
February 2019

Severe cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome first characterized by early childhood-onset sensorineural hearing loss - Case report and literature review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 28;120:68-72. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Department of Pediatrics, IWK Health Centre, 5850/5980 University Ave, PO Box 9700, Halifax, NS, B3K 6R8, Canada. Electronic address:

Infant-onset bilateral sensorineural hearing loss is a key presenting symptom of the autoinflammatory cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome. Other symptoms include periodic fever, cold-induced urticaria-like rash, chronic aseptic meningitis, polyarticular arthralgias, and renal AA amyloidosis. Early recognition and treatment with interleukin-1 blockade are critical for preventing disabling or fatal complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.037DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Sleep disordered breathing in children - Diagnostic questionnaires, comparative analysis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 5;120:108-111. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Medical University of Warsaw, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Poland.

Study Objectives: The purpose of this work is to present available questionnaires enabling diagnostic screening when obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in a child is suspected or its effects are observed and polysomnography is unavailable. These questionnaires are designed to facilitate further diagnostic process or even therapeutic decisions, aid in selecting the optimal one for the specified conditions of clinical practice, with the caveat that none of these represents a diagnostic equivalent to PSG.

Methods: The questionnaires subjected to analysis: Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ), Sleep Clinical Record (SCR), OSA-18 score (OSA-18), Brouilette score (BS), "I'm Sleepy" questionnaire (I'M SLEEPY), and "Sleeping Sleepless Sleepy Disturbed Rest" questionnaire (SSSDR). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.008DOI Listing
February 2019
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Receptive and productive speech and language abilities in hearing-impaired children with German as a second language.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 6;120:100-107. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

University of Applied Sciences, Alter Teichweg 19, 22081, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Many studies examining early bilingualism in migrant populations focus on the development of the first language. As language acquisition is closely related to the hearing development, there is a critical need to investigate language development in hearing-impaired children being raised bilingually who were fitted with cochlear implants and/or hearing aids. Therefore, this research project aimed to study the linguistic development of hearing-impaired children being raised with German as a second language who were provided with hearing aids or cochlear implants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.012DOI Listing
February 2019

Radiologic recognition of cochlear implant magnet displacement.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 8;120:64-67. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3231 Eden Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA; University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Department of Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery, Medical Sciences Building Room 6507, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, USA; Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3026, USA. Electronic address:

Despite various studies that have demonstrated risk of cochlear implant magnet displacement following MRI, minimal literature is available on radiologic recognition of magnet displacement. Current literature emphasizes the status and placement of the electrode component of the implant. This case report examines the consequences of a delay in radiologic diagnosis of a displaced magnet including hospital admission, unnecessary radiation, and prolonged patient discomfort. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.019DOI Listing
February 2019

Genetic risk of FCRL3 and FCRL5 polymorphisms in children with asthma and allergic rhinitis in a Chinese Han population.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 5;120:58-63. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) frequently occur as comorbid diseases of the upper airways. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the FCRL3 and FCRL5 genes have recently been shown to be associated with various immune-related disorders. This study evaluated the association of FCRL3 and FCRL5 polymorphisms with asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) in a Han Chinese population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.015DOI Listing
February 2019
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Regulatory T lymphocytes are associated with increased nasopharyngeal colonization in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 5;120:51-57. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Office of Senior DVC and Provost, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: Regulatory T lymphocytes (T) have been linked to survival of commensal bacteria at mucosal sites, but their presence and role in chronic otitis media (COM) and their response to otopathogens has not been evaluated previously. We investigated the association between T lymphocytes and otopathogens in COM prone and non-COM prone children.

Methods: Forty children, 2-7 years of age, scheduled for adenoidectomy were enrolled into COM (n = 20) or non-COM (n = 20) groups. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.011DOI Listing
February 2019

Quality of life in Swedish children receiving grommets - An analysis of pre- and postoperative results based on a national quality register.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 6;120:44-50. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Dpt of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Lund University Hospital, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Otitis media with effusion (OME) and recurrent otitis media (rAOM) are two common diagnoses in childhood, both of which are treated with grommets, or ventilation tubes. It is known that affected children have a worse quality of life (QoL), and various questionnaires have been used to evaluate this. The national Swedish quality register for grommet insertions contains some QoL questions that have hitherto never been analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.009DOI Listing
February 2019

Neonatal vocal fold motion impairment after complex aortic arch reconstruction: What should parents expect after diagnosis?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 5;120:40-43. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States.

Objectives: To study the incidence, sequelae, follow up, and recovery rate of vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) after complex aortic arch reconstruction in neonates.

Study Design: Retrospective case control study.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 105 neonates who underwent complex aortic arch reconstruction from 2014 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Patient injuries in pediatric otorhinolaryngology.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 3;120:36-39. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Objectives: Patient injuries in children can have lifelong effects on the patient and a marked impact on the whole family. The aim of this study was to identify the errors and incidents leading to patient injuries in pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) by evaluating accepted patient injury claims.

Methods: The records of all accepted patient injury claims in ORL between 2001 and 2011 were searched from the nationwide Patient Insurance Centre registry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.007DOI Listing
February 2019
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The protective role of ferulic acid against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 4;120:30-35. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: While cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic agent, it can cause irreversible hearing loss. Ototoxicity leads to dose reduction during the cisplatin chemotherapy and results in inadequate treatment of malignant tumors. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of ferulic acid on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193006
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.001DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Audiometric findings in children with unilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 25;120:25-29. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

The Hearing Program in the Pediatric Otolaryngology Department, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Dr, Columbus, OH, 43205, USA; Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 410 W 10th Ave, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of bilateral hearing loss in children with unilateral enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA) at a single institution.

Methods: A retrospective case review was performed at a tertiary care pediatric referral center involving children with radiologic findings of unilateral EVA and normal labyrinthine anatomy of the contralateral ear diagnosed via CT and/or MRI. The main outcome measure of interest is the number of patients with unilateral EVA who were diagnosed with bilateral hearing loss. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.034DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Does influenza vaccination or RSV prophylaxis impact resource utilization for children after the diagnosis of airway disorders?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 6;120:20-24. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Biostatistics & Bioinformatics, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Objective: Quantify the rates influenza vaccination and RSV prophylaxis for children with airway stenosis and/or other disorders and assess impact on resource utilization.

Methods: This was a retrospective study with data extracted from Duke Enterprise Data Unified Content Explorer (DEDUCE) between January 1, 2006 and December 1, 2017. Children aged 18 years and younger with at least one diagnosis code for airway stenosis and/or disorders were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.013DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Genetic susceptibility to aminoglycoside ototoxicity.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 4;120:15-19. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Akron Childrens Hospital, Akron, OH, 44308, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Aminoglycosides are a well-known clinically relevant antibiotic family used to treat bacterial infections in humans and animals and can produce toxic side effects. Aminoglycoside-induced hearing loss (HL) has been shown to have a genetic susceptibility. Mitochondrial DNA mutations have been implicated in inherited and acquired hearing impairment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.002DOI Listing
February 2019

Pediatric acute unilateral suppurative lymphadenitis: The role of antibiotic susceptibilities at a large tertiary pediatric care center.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 30;120:11-14. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Texas Children's Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.024DOI Listing
January 2019

Evaluation of hearing in pediatric familial Mediterranean fever patients during attack period and attack-free period.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 1;119:185-192. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Rheumatology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, 06100, Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common monogenic autoinflammatory disease worldwide. It usually has a childhood onset and is characterized with recurrent attacks with irregular intervals. Few studies have been performed to investigate hearing in FMF patients ran with various tests and showed different results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.042DOI Listing
February 2019
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Stridor as initial presentation of rolandic epilepsy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 30;119:183-184. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Unidade 1, Serviço de Otorrinolaringologia, Pavilhão Feminino, Rua Conceição Fernandes, 4434-502, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

The authors present the case of a 5-year-old girl referred to our institution due to several episodes of nocturnal stridor with ocular retroversion and parental notion of apnea. She has been previously submitted to adenotonsillectomy. Due to symptoms worsening she was referred to our hospital. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193005
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.040DOI Listing
January 2019
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The incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency and oronasal fistula after primary palatal surgery with Sommerlad intravelar veloplasty: A retrospective study in Isfahan Cleft Care Team.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 8;120:6-10. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Craniofacial & Cleft Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study was designed to determine the incidence of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI), oronasal fistula development and facial grimace in patients seen by Isfahan Cleft Care Team (ICCT) after primary Sommerlad intravelar veloplasty (SIVV). Furthermore the association of gender, cleft type and age at primary surgery with the incidence of hypernasality and fistula is determined.

Methods: A group of 40 patients with history of cleft palate with or without cleft lip were identified from the records of ICCT between 2011 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.12.035DOI Listing
January 2019

Oxidative stress in prelingual sensorineural hearing loss and the effects of cochlear implant application on serum oxidative stress levels.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 31;119:177-182. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Department of Biochemistry, Harran University School of Medicine, Osmanbey Campus, Haliliye, Sanliurfa, 63300, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate oxidative stress conditions in patients with prelingual profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and the effects of cochlear implant application on oxidative stress. In addition, we also aimed to evaluate the correlation between pre- and post-surgery oxidative stress markers and Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (IT-MAIS), Meaningful Use of Speech Scale (MUSS) and Free-Field Audiometry (FFA).

Methods: This is a prospective controlled study of the Ear-Nose-Throat Department of the Harran University Faculty of Medicine between April 2017 and January 2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.039DOI Listing
January 2019

Risk of occurrence and recurrence of otitis media with effusion in children suffering from cleft palate.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 1;120:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Amiens University Medical Center, Amiens, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.041DOI Listing
February 2019

A cross-sectional evaluation of outcomes of pediatric branchial cleft cyst excision.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 23;119:171-176. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Pediatric Otolaryngology, Lehigh Valley Children's Hospital, 1210 S Cedar Crest Blvd, Allentown, PA, 18103, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine complications following pediatric branchial cleft cyst excision by surgical specialty, demographics, and comorbid conditions.

Methods: A retrospective review of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was performed. Pediatric cases from January 1, 2015 through May 1, 2017 with a current procedural terminology code of 42810 (excision branchial cleft cyst or vestige, confined to skin and subcutaneous tissues) or 42815 (excision branchial cleft cyst, vestige, or fistula, extending beneath subcutaneous tissues and/or into the pharynx) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.030DOI Listing
January 2019

Pediatric lateral graft tympanoplasty A review of 78 cases.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 28;119:166-170. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Division of Pediatric Otology & Hearing Program, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Division of Otology, Neurotology & Cranial Base Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Objectives: The optimal timing and technique for repairing chronic tympanic membrane (TM) perforations in pediatric patients remains controversial. The objectives are to determine the surgical and hearing outcomes of pediatric lateral graft tympanoplasty at a tertiary teaching hospital.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted for pediatric lateral graft tympanoplasties performed for chronic TM perforations by a single surgeon over a four-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.038DOI Listing
January 2019

Are pediatricians and otolaryngologists well prepared to identify early signs of vertical facial growth?

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 25;119:161-165. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Service of Otolaryngology, Hospital Complex of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Background: The prevalence of vertical facial growth is very high in the developed world. Most authors agree that mouth breathing is its main cause. Even though care is mainly conducted by odontologists, the professionals who first see these patients are pediatricians and otolaryngologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.035DOI Listing
January 2019

Prospective analysis of mid-facial fractures in a single-center pediatric-adolescent cohort.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 22;119:151-160. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Ernst-Grube Str. 40, D-06120, Halle (Saale), Germany. Electronic address:

Background: The complex architecture of the midface renders diagnosing and treating fractures challenging, especially for young patients who present the additional risk of suffering growth and development deficiencies, which is to be avoided at all costs.

Objectives: This study sought to characterize pediatric mid-facial fractures considering the possible complications.

Methods: Between September 2008 and September 2018, data was collected on inpatients aged <18 years, treated for mid-facial fractures at the Halle University Hospital. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193003
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.028DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy for the treatment of neonatal bilateral vocal cord paralysis - Long-term results.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 22;119:147-150. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Szeged, Hungary.

Objectives: Bilateral vocal cord paralysis often causes severe dyspnea requiring an early airway intervention in neonates. Endoscopic arytenoid abduction lateropexy (EAAL) with suture is a quick, reversible, minimally-invasive vocal cord lateralizing technique to enlarge the glottis. The arytenoid cartilage is directly lateralized to a normal abducted position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.032DOI Listing
January 2019

Health-related quality of life in patients with cleft palate: Reproducibility, responsiveness and construct validity of the Dutch version of the VELO questionnaire.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 26;119:141-146. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Ghent University, Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Ghent, Belgium; University of Pretoria, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Pretoria, South Africa.

Objectives: Recently, the Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VPI) Effects on Life Outcomes (VELO) questionnaire, which evaluates the impact of speech and swallowing difficulties on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with VPI (Skirko et al., 2012), was translated to Dutch (Bruneel et al., 2017). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.026DOI Listing
January 2019
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An update of spectrum and frequency of GJB2 mutations causing hearing loss in the south of Iran: A literature review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 25;119:136-140. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Basic Health Sciences Institute, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. Electronic address:

Objective: Mutations in the GJB2 gene are a major cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic HL (ARNSHL) in many populations. Previous studies have estimated the average frequency of GJB2 mutations to be between 16 and 18% in Iran, but would vary among different ethnic groups. Here, we have taken together and reviewed results from our three previous publications and data from search other published mutation reports to provide a comprehensive collection of data for GJB2 mutations and HL in the south of Iran. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193004
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.036DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
1.319 Impact Factor

Complete polysomnographic parameters in infants with severe laryngomalacia prior to and after supraglottoplasty.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 26;119:131-135. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Hospital Infantil de México, Federico Gómez, Mexico.

Introduction: Laryngomalacia is the most common congenital laryngeal anomaly. Because of supraglottic prolapse, laryngomalacia may be associated with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep disturbances. The effects of OSA and sleep disorders in children include failure to thrive, cognitive and behavioral disturbances, cardiovascular compromise, and an association with sudden infant death syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.033DOI Listing
January 2019
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Acute otitis media in infants younger than two months of age: Epidemiologic and microbiologic characteristics in the era of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 23;119:123-130. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Division of Pediatrics, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Objectives: To evaluate the epidemiology, microbiology, Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes distribution and serious bacterial infections (SBIs) occurrence in infants <2 months of age with tympanocentesis-documented acute otitis media (AOM), before and after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs).

Methods: The medical records of all hospitalized infants with AOM who underwent tympanocentesis during 2005-2014 were reviewed.

Results: Of the 303 infants with AOM who were diagnosed by an ENT specialist, 182 underwent tympanocentesis, 92 during 2005-2009 (prevaccine period) and 90 during 2010-2014 (postvaccine period). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.031DOI Listing
January 2019
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Declining prevalence of pediatric sudden deafness during the past two decades.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 22;119:118-122. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Otolaryngology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: This study compared the prevalence of sudden deafness (SD) in children to investigate the evolution of pediatric SD during the past two decades.

Methods: From 1996 to 2005, totaling 358 SD patients were experienced. Of them, 25 patients (7%) aged <15 years were assigned to Group A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.029DOI Listing
January 2019
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National impact of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on ambulatory care visits for otitis media in children under 5 years in the United States.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 19;119:96-102. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Vaccine Clinical Research and Development, Pfizer Inc, Collegeville, PA, USA.

Objective: The 7- and 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV7 and PCV13) were approved in the US in 2000 and 2010, respectively, for active immunization against invasive disease caused by all vaccine serotypes and otitis media (OM) caused by 7 serotypes common to both vaccines, starting at ∼6 weeks of age. This study assessed the impact of PCV13 on OM by evaluating changes in US ambulatory care visit rates between the period before PCV7 (1997-1999), during PCV7 (2001-2009), and after the introduction of PCV13 (2011-2013) among US children <5 years old.

Methods: This ecological study used US National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.023DOI Listing
January 2019

Application of Implantable Hearing Aids and Bone Conduction Implant System in patients with bilateral congenital deformation of the external and middle ear.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 5;119:89-95. Epub 2019 Jan 5.

Departments of a Otolaryngology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Institute of Hearing and Speech-Language Science, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Department of Hearing and Speech Science, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine the efficacy of the application of the Implantable Hearing Aids and Bone Conduction Implant System in patients with bilateral congenital deformation of the external and middle ear.

Methods: twenty patients with bilateral congenital malformation of the external and middle ear were included in the study. Implantable Hearing Aids implantation was performed in ten patients, and Bone Conduction Implant System implantation was performed in ten patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.12.025DOI Listing
January 2019

Mandibular condylar fractures in children and adolescents: 5-Year retrospective cohort study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 21;119:113-117. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) & Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School & Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, PR China; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the demographic characteristics of mandibular condylar fractures between children and adolescents.

Methods: The sample was composed of all children (less than 12 years) and adolescents (between 13 and 18 years old) who presented with mandibular condylar fractures within a 5-year period (January 2011 to April 2016). The age, gender, time of injury, mechanism of trauma, location and pattern of fracture, associated injuries and treatment methods were recorded and analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.025DOI Listing
January 2019

Auditory brainstem implantation in children with hearing loss: Effect on speech production.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 14;119:103-112. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Computational Linguistics & Psycholinguistics (CLiPS) Research Center, University of Antwerp, Lange Winkelstraat 40-42, B-2000, Antwerp, Belgium.

Auditory brainstem implantation (ABI) is a recent technique in children's hearing restoration. Up till now the focus in the literature has mainly been the perceptual outcomes after implantation, whereas the effect of ABI on spoken language is still an almost unexplored area of research. This study presents a one-year follow-up of the volubility of two children with ABI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.014DOI Listing
January 2019

Metastatic cellular neurothekeoma in childhood.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 22;119:86-88. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Seattle Children's Hospital, Seattle, WA, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.027DOI Listing
January 2019

Effectiveness and safety of Chinese herbal medicine for pediatric adenoid hypertrophy: A meta-analysis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 19;119:79-85. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Nanjing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Chinese herbal medicine has been gradually used to treat pediatric adenoid hypertrophy. This meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of pediatric adenoid hypertrophy.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials involving Chinese herbal medicine in the treatment of pediatric adenoid hypertrophy were identified from Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Database, Wanfang Database and VIP Information Database. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.022DOI Listing
January 2019

Pediatric laryngeal electromyography technique for vocal fold immobility using bipolar double hookwire electrodes.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 18;119:75-78. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA; Department of Otology & Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Vocal fold immobility (VFI) is a common cause of dysphonia and dysphagia in children. Laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) is an important adjunctive test in its diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we present an alternative technique in which bipolar double hookwire electrodes allow simultaneous placement and recordings from the bilateral thyroarytenoid and posterior cricoarytenoid muscles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.021DOI Listing
January 2019
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Caregiver perception of speech quality in patients with ankyloglossia: Comparison between surgery and non-treatment.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 18;119:70-74. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, St. Christopher's Hospital for Children, 160 E. Erie Avenue, Philadelphia, PA, 19134, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Our objective was to determine if there are differences in caregiver perception of speech for patients that undergo frenulectomy compared to patients that were not surgically treated.

Introduction: Ankyloglossia is a controversial topic without standardized treatment guidelines. Although there have been several studies suggesting that breastfeeding does improve after frenulectomy, there is a paucity of literature that investigates the relationship between ankyloglossia and speech. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.019DOI Listing
January 2019

Curettage adenoidectomy versus endoscopic microdebrider adenoidectomy in children: A randomized controlled trial.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 16;119:63-69. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Introduction: Adenoidectomy is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures with different techniques and technologies. Although curettage adenoidectomy (CA) has been practiced conventionally for many years, endoscopic microdebrider adenoidectomy (EMA) has emerged as an innovative surgical method. Comparing physiological effects, efficacy and safety of the endoscopic microdebrider adenoidectomy (EMA) and curettage adenoidectomy (CA) in pediatric population is aimed with this prospective, single-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.018DOI Listing
January 2019

The effect of hypertrophied tonsils on the velopharyngeal function in children with normal palate.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Jan 16;119:59-62. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt.

Objective: Tonsillar hypertrophy may affect velopharyngeal closure and speech resonance. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of hypertrophied tonsils on velopharyngeal function in children with normal palate and to measure the effect of tonsillectomy on velopharyngeal closure and speech resonance.

Methods: Eighty seven children with hypertrophied tonsils and normal palate were subjected to tonsillectomy for indications other than speech problems. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019