8,030 results match your criteria International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology[Journal]


Immunohistochemical analysis of retraction pocket pars tensa of tympanic membrane in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 11;122:111-116. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Brno and Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.

Aims: Immunohistochemical analysis of retraction pocket pars tensa of tympanic membrane in children. Identification of signs typical for cholesteatoma and support of retraction theory of cholesteatoma.

Study Design: a prospective study analysing 31 surgically removed retraction pockets. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.008DOI Listing
April 2019
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Prediction of uncuffed tracheal tube sizes in children and infants using age/weight-based formulae: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 12;122:105-110. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla, 90110, Thailand.

Introduction: The age-based formula is commonly used to predict tracheal tube (TT) sizes although its inaccuracy has been reported to reach as high as 60%. We aim to determine a practical formula using age in months and weight in kilograms to predict uncuffed tracheal tube (TT) size in children and infants.

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on data obtained from a prospective study on children aged less than 9 years who came for elective surgery and received general anesthesia with oroendotracheal tube intubation at Songklanagarind Hospital between September 2008 and December 2012. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.011DOI Listing

Preliminary evaluation of a low-intensity parent training program on speech-language stimulation for children with language delay.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 2;122:99-104. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Associate Professor, Department of Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (Deemed to be University), Porur, Chennai, 600116, Tamil Nadu, India. Electronic address:

Aim: The study assessed the outcome of a low-intensity parent training program for improving parent's language input to children with language delay.

Method: Nine parents and their children aged between 12 months to 24 months, exhibiting delay in language development, participated in a brief training program over three sessions. Training comprised of inputs on speech-language development, play development and speech-language stimulation strategies, supported by a manual. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.034DOI Listing
April 2019
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Current sedation practices in paediatric audiology clinics in gauteng, South Africa.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 11;122:93-98. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Electronic address:

Aim: The aim was to describe the current practices in sedation during AEP testing in infants and young children in Gauteng.

Methods: An exploratory qualitative research design was employed, where telephonic and face-to face interviews were conducted with 48 participants in paediatric audiology clinics that have AEP testing facilities in Gauteng, South Africa. Qualitative analysis was done, with inductive thematic analysis used for open ended questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.007DOI Listing
April 2019
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Preoperative ultrasound for the diagnosis of thyroglossal duct cysts: A validation study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 29;122:89-92. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Head and Neck Institute, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: To evaluate the use of ultrasound to distinguish between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) and dermoid cysts (DC) for surgical planning. To validate the SIST (septae + irregular wall + solid components = TGDC) scoring system proposed by Oyewumi et al. [1]. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876193015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.029DOI Listing
March 2019
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Electroglottographic and acoustic analysis of voice in children with vocal nodules.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 2;122:82-88. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Phoniatrics and Audiology Department, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Warsaw, Poland.

Purpose: Vocal fold nodules are usually caused by voice overuse or vocal hyperfunction, and their symptoms include persistent hoarseness - a disturbance in the vocal fold vibrations which results in a turbulent passage of air in the glottis, manifested as a raspy, rough voice. The aim of the study was to present data concerning voice quality in patients with vocal nodules and to compare electroglottographic analysis (EGG) with acoustic analysis.

Methods: The study examined 57 children with vocal fold nodules (Group 1). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.030DOI Listing

Detection of hearing loss in newborns: Definition of a screening strategy in Bogotá, Colombia.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 26;122:76-81. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Instituto de Genética Humana, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Carrera 7 # 40-62, Colombia.

Objective: To describe the results from the hearing screening protocol adopted in a Hospital in Colombia emphasizing the importance of performing screening on an outpatient basis, when the newborn is more than 24 h old.

Methods: A prospective study at Hospital Universitario San Ignacio in Bogota, Colombia was carried out, from May 1st, 2016 to Nov 30, 2017, the study sample included 2.088 newborns examined using transient otoacoustic emissions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.016DOI Listing

Levosimendan ameliorates cisplatin-induced ototoxicity: Rat model.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 5;122:70-75. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biochemistry, Erzurum, Turkey.

Objectives: Cisplatin is employed for chemotherapeutic purposes in several types of adult and pediatric cancer. However, side-effects including nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, gastrointestinal effects and neuropathy restrict the use of the drug due to their adverse impacts on quality of life. This study aimed to determine whether levosimendan exhibits a protective effect against cisplatin-related ototoxicity in a rat model by means of functional, biochemical and histochemical analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
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Dexamethasone-loaded chitosan-based genipin-cross-linked hydrogel for prevention of cisplatin induced ototoxicity in Guinea pig model.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 3;122:60-69. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Dokuz Eylül University, School of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Izmir, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of a sustained release form of dexamethasone (dex) loaded chitosan-based genipin-cross-linked hydrogel (CBGCH) in a guinea pig model of cisplatin (CP) induced hearing loss.

Methods: Implantation of CBGCH was made by intratympanic (IT) injection. Ototoxicity was produced by intraperitoneal (IP) single dose of 14 mg/kg CP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.04.003DOI Listing

Validation of the Egyptian Arabic Assessment of Auditory Skills development using children with Cochlear Implants.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 2;122:52-59. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Student's Hospital, 1 Saraya Almanial Street, Phoniatric Unit, Kasr Alaini Hospital, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Introduction: Audition is the gateway to spoken language, and infants' early accomplishments in acquiring the sound structure of their native language lays a critical ground work for subsequent learning. The development of pre-lingual auditory perceptual skills for cochlear implanted children is crucial for initial development of oral language.

Objective: The aims of the present study were to validate the Egyptian Arabic Assessment of Auditory Skills, and to track the development of auditory skills in Egyptian children fitted with CI during the first three years post implantation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.033DOI Listing
April 2019
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Analysis of the components of Frequency-Following Response in phonological disorders.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Apr 2;122:47-51. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Speech Therapy Department, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.

Introduction: When identifying the auditory performance of children with phonological disorders, researchers assume that this population has normal peripheral hearing. However, responses at more central levels might be atypical.

Objective: To investigate the effect of phonological disorders on Frequency-Following Responses (FFRs) in the time domain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.035DOI Listing
April 2019
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Sleep disordered breathing and dysphonia in a pediatric patient - Laryngeal amyloidosis as an unusual diagnosis.

Authors:
P Coyle N Tan N Jonas

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 26;122:44-46. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Pediatric ENT, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge Biomedical Campus, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK. Electronic address:

Primary laryngeal amyloidosis is an uncommon condition, and cases in the pediatric population are even rarer. We present a case of a nine year old female patient who presented with sleep disordered breathing and dysphonia to our outpatient clinic. The patient underwent Microlaryngoscopy and Bronchoscopy for diagnosis which identified a large soft tissue mass in the supraglottis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.028DOI Listing
March 2019
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Preventing unnecessary tympanostomy tube placement in children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 28;122:40-43. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

University of Texas Medical Branch Department of Otolaryngology, 7.104 John Sealy Annex, 301 University Boulevard, Galveston, TX, 77555, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: In 2013 the American Academy of Otolaryngology published tympanostomy tube guidelines for children; Action Statement 6 recommends against tube placement without middle ear effusion (MEE) at time of assessment. To date, little research has directly evaluated this recommendation in reducing the need for ear tubes. We evaluated the effectiveness of this recommendation and potential risk factors that influence the success of watchful waiting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.031DOI Listing

Ear- and hearing-related impact on quality of life in children with cleft palate: Development and pretest of a health-related quality of life (HRQOL) instrument.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 20;122:35-39. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Head and Skin, Ghent University, C. Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Objectives: To investigate to what extent middle ear problems and associated hearing loss affect quality of life (QoL) of children born with a cleft palate.

Methods: Fifty-five children aged between 6 and 18 years, born with non-syndromic cleft palate ± cleft lip (CP/L) were included. A new health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaire was generated with consideration of the following domains of QoL: communication, hearing loss, physical symptoms, limitation of activities and socio-emotional impact. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.023DOI Listing
March 2019
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Age of identification of sensorineural hearing loss and Characteristics of affected children: Findings from two cross-sectional studies in Saudi Arabia.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 18;122:27-34. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

School of Primary Care and Population Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Southampton, UK; NIHR Southampton Biomedical Research Centre, University of Southampton and University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.

Objectives: To identify the average age of identification (AOI) and characteristics of Saudi children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).

Methods: Two cross-sectional studies were undertaken. Study A: the medical records of 1166 children aged 0-10 years old who visited the audiology clinics in four hospitals in Riyadh and Dammam during 2015 were reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.019DOI Listing
March 2019
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Sociodemographic, health behavioral, and clinical risk factors for anotia/microtia in a population-based case-control study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 23;122:18-26. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Anotia and microtia are congenital malformations of the external ear with few known risk factors. We conducted a comprehensive assessment of a wide range of potential risk factors using data from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study (NBDPS), a population-based case-control study of non-chromosomal structural birth defects in the United States.

Methods: Mothers of 699 infants with anotia or microtia (cases) and 11,797 non-malformed infants (controls) delivered between 1997 and 2011 were interviewed to obtain information about sociodemographic, health behavioral, and clinical characteristics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.026DOI Listing
March 2019
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Cochlear dysfunction evidenced by reduction of amplitude of otoacoustic responses in patients with congenital hypothyroidism.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 23;122:12-17. Epub 2019 Mar 23.

Medical School, Institute of Health Science- Federal University of Bahia, Avenue Rector Miguel Calmon, Zipe Code: 40110100, Valley of Canela, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: The investigation of amplitudes of otoacoustic emissions in congenital hypothyroidism can provide information on cochlear function with more sensibility, when compared to other methods of auditory evaluation.

Aim: To investigate cochlear function through the amplitude of distortion product otoacoustic emissions in individuals with congenital hypothyroidism and to correlate with clinical aspects.

Methods: An exploratory, analytical, cross-sectional study with a convenience sample, composed of 50 individuals with congenital hypothyroidism and a group of 42 individuals without the disease, mean age of 8. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.025DOI Listing
March 2019
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Diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux in children with voice disorders using 24-hour pharyngeal pH monitoring.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 14;121:188-196. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

World Hearing Center, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw, Kajetany, Poland.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of 24-h pharyngeal pH monitoring in the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) in children with voice disorders.

Methods: The study was conducted on 68 children aged 3-18 years old. In all cases, pH monitoring was successful; no child removed the probe from the nasal cavity or reported discomfort or other complaints. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.010DOI Listing
March 2019
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Diagnostic techniques and surgical outcomes for persistent pediatric obstructive sleep apnea after adenotonsillectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 3;121:179-187. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Kaiser Permanente, 3600 Broadway Oakland, Oakland, CA, 94611, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of upper airway surgery for children with persistent obstructive sleep apnea after adenotonsillectomy and to assess sleep study outcomes when Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy, Cine MRI, or other imaging procedure is performed to assist in identifying the location of obstruction and planning surgery.

Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. Inclusion criteria was English-language studies with original data including pediatric patients with persistent OSA after T&A. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.030DOI Listing
March 2019
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Pediatric pre-tonsillectomy education programs: A systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 22;122:6-11. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Division of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, McMaster University, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Over 14,000 tonsillectomies are performed in Ontario annually. Challenges with home postoperative care frequently lead to Emergency Department (ED) visits. A 2013 Ontario Pediatric Health Council recommended the integration of patient education into tonsillectomy care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.024DOI Listing

Bilateral pseudocyst of the auricles in a 4-week neonate-case report and world literature review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 22;122:1-5. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Jagiellonian University, Department of Pediatrics, Rheumatology and Environmental Diseases, Poland.

Pseudocyst of the auricle is a rare, idiopathic disease clinically manifesting as a painless edema of the upper-lateral parts of the auricle. Due to the rarity of the disease, auricular pseudocyst is often misdiagnosed. The confirmation of a diagnosis of auricular pseudocyst is most commonly made on the basis of clinical manifestations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.027DOI Listing

Tantum verde mouthwash for tonsillectomy: A prospective, double-blind, randomized control trial.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 18;121:173-178. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Galilee Medical Center Affiliated with Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Israel. Electronic address:

Objectives: Post-tonsillectomy pain control is still considered a challenge. Topical agents would seem to be an ideal, safe option. Our objective was to compare the efficacy of mouthwash preparation with anti-inflammatory, anesthetic, and analgesic properties (Tantum Verde, 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.020DOI Listing
March 2019
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Long-term outcome of pre- and perinatal management of congenital head and neck tumors and malformations.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16;121:164-172. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Otorhinolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium and Department of Oncology, Section Head & Neck Oncology, KU Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 33, 3000, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Introduction: Congenital head and neck pathology may cause direct postnatal airway obstruction. Prenatal diagnosis facilitates safe delivery with pre- and perinatal airway assessment and management and Ex-Utero-Intrapartum-Treatment (EXIT) if necessary. Fetoscopic airway evaluation can optimize the selection of patients in need of an EXIT procedure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.018DOI Listing
March 2019
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Prevention of cisplatin-induced hearing loss by extended release fluticasone propionate intracochlear implants.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 20;121:157-163. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

O-Ray Pharma, Inc., 2285 E. Foothill Blvd, Pasadena, CA, 91107, USA.

Objective: Cisplatin is a chemotherapeutic drug known to induce hearing loss. Although corticosteroids may help to mitigate the ototoxic side effects of cisplatin, there are complications associated with their systemic and prolonged use. The goal of this study is to test the efficacy of extended-release fluticasone propionate intracochlear implant particles to protect against cisplatin-induced hearing loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.021DOI Listing

Standardization of pediatric tracheostomy care with "Go-bags".

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 20;121:154-156. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Enhancement, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, 02115, USA; Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, 02115, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: To describe how pediatric tracheostomy emergency supplies and education are standardized with the use of "Go-bags" and to demonstrate how this has impacted tracheostomy-related adverse events.

Methods: A prospective study was completed at an urban pediatric tertiary care center. Standardized "Go-bags" of tracheostomy supplies were provided to pediatric patients with tracheostomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.022DOI Listing
March 2019
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Predictors of round window membrane visibility in pediatric cochlear implant surgery using temporal bone HRCT: A retrospective study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16;121:150-153. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head & Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Ear Institute, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Translational Medicine on Ear and Nose Diseases (14DZ2260300), Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To predict round window membrane (RWM) visibility and electrode insertion sites using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in pediatric cochlear implant surgery.

Materials And Methods: Sixty-two ears of 36 infants less than 1 year old were included in our study. Intraoperative RWM visibility was classified into three types corresponding to three different surgical approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.017DOI Listing
March 2019
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Congenital cochlear deafness in mitochondrial diseases related to RRM2B and SERAC1 gene defects. A study of the mitochondrial patients of the CMHI hospital in Warsaw, Poland.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 16;121:143-149. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

- Department of Pathology, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, Al. Dzieci Polskich 20, Warsaw, Poland.

Objectives: Although hearing loss is a well-known symptom of mitochondria-related disorders, it is not clear how often it is a congenital and cochlear impairment. The Newborn Hearing Screening Program (NHSP) enables to distinguish congenital cochlear deafness from an acquired hearing deficit. The initial aim of the study was to research the frequency of the congenital cochlear hearing loss among patients with various gene defects resulting in mitochondrial disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.015DOI Listing

Otorhinolaryngological manifestations and delayed diagnosis in Kawasaki disease.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 26;121:137-142. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Service d'ORL Pédiatrique, Hôpital Femme Mère Enfants, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Lyon, France; Service d'ORL, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire, Lyon, France.

Objectives: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a febrile multisystemic vasculitis of unknown etiology whose coronary prognosis is improved by early diagnosis and management. The objective of this study was to describe ENT manifestations encountered and to look for a delayed diagnosis associated with these manifestations.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive single-center study was conducted in Lyon between January 2009 and December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.035DOI Listing
February 2019
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Evolution of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, nasal flow and systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery in children with indication for adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy over 18 months.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 May 20;120:210-214. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Brazil.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in childhood has aroused great interest due to its cardiovascular repercussions and its adverse effects on the quality of life of the affected individuals. However, fundamental aspects of the syndrome remain unknown.

Objective: Herein we prospectively assessed pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) and nasal flow in children with obstructive oral breathing with an indication for adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy and their relationship to the obstructive apnea and hypopnea index (OAHI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.024DOI Listing
May 2019
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Rhinologic manifestations of Burkitt Lymphoma in a pediatric population: Case series and systematic review.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 13;121:127-136. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Burkitt lymphoma (BL), an aggressive form of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, arising from the nose and paranasal sinuses is relatively rare. It can present with various symptoms leading to potential misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. BL is fatal if left untreated, while early identification and treatment can improve prognosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.013DOI Listing
March 2019
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Mucosal impedance of the larynx: A technical report.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 13;121:123-126. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA; Surgical Outcomes Center for Kid at Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Mucosal impedance testing measures changes in resistance to alternating electrical current. The purpose of this study is to establish the feasibility of mucosal impedance (MI) measurement in the pediatric larynx.

Methods: A flexible plastic catheter, whose tip contains paired 2 mm mucosal impedance, is directly applied to the larynx under suspension microlaryngoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.011DOI Listing

Transcanal endoscopic type 1 tympanoplasty in children: Cartilage butterfly and fascia temporalis graft.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 12;121:120-122. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Otolaryngology Department, Barcelona Children's Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Introduction: Endoscopic type 1 tympanoplasty is every day gaining numerous adepts for tympanic membrane repair. Due to the value of reducing postauricular approaches, decreasing postoperative morbidity and hospitalization time. The objective of this study is to present surgical results of endoscopic type 1 tympanoplasty in the pediatric population using fascia temporalis or cartilage butterfly graft. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.012DOI Listing

The prevalence of deafness-associated mutations in neonates: A meta-analysis of clinical trials.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 8;121:99-108. Epub 2019 Mar 8.

Epidemiological Research Office of Key Laboratory of Male Reproduction and Genetics, Family Planning Research Institute of Guangdong Province, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Objective: The causative genes associated with autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) have been identified, in order of prevalence are GJB2, SLC26A4, MYO15A, OTOF, CDH23, and TMC1. To evaluate the prevalence of deafness-associated mutations in neonates and the clinical value of screening, we performed a meta-analysis of clinical trials.

Methods: The main criteria used to select articles was that the studies were designed to detect deafness genetic mutations in Chinese's neonates, and the screening kits were designed to detect 9 or 20 sites in four deafness-causative genes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.01.012DOI Listing
March 2019
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Type 1 tympanoplasty in pediatric patients: Comparison of fascia and perichondrium grafts.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 9;121:95-98. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Aksaray University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ear Nose and Throat and Head and Neck Surgery, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: The timing of tympanoplasty in the pediatric age group is an ongoing debate. The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare the success of grafts in type 1 tympanoplasty in pediatric patients, and to evaluate the prognostic factors that may affect its success.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study of 42 pediatric patients who were younger than 18 years and underwent a primary type 1 tympanoplasty using tragal cartilage perichondrium and temporalis fascia from January 2013 to December 2018, were evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.007DOI Listing

Changes in Auditory Brainstem Response in very preterm and late preterm infants.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 9;121:88-94. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Neonatology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (DU), Chennai, India.

Aim: Aim of this study was to compare the absolute and interpeak latencies of Auditory Brainstem Responses (ABR) in very preterm and late preterm infants at 1 month and 3 months of corrected age.

Method: ology: ABR traces were obtained from 80 preterm infants (40 very preterm and 40 late preterm) at 1 month and 3 months of corrected age in a prospective, comparative cohort study. Auditory click stimuli at 70 dBnHL and 30 dBnHL, with repetition rate of 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.008DOI Listing

The relationship between comprehension of syntax and reading comprehension in cochlear implanted and hearing children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 11;121:114-119. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Rehabilitation Management, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: There is a large variation in the function of cochlear implanted children in language assessments. However, they usually have poorer performance in language abilities compared with their normal hearing peers. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between syntax comprehension and reading comprehension in cochlear implanted and hearing children in the third to fifth grades of the elementary school and to identify the relationship between their reading comprehension and the age of receiving a cochlear implant as well as the duration of receiving speech therapy in cochlear implanted children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related mRNA in otitis media with effusion.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 9;121:109-113. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, 23 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea; Medical Science Research Institute, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Medical Research Center for Bioreaction to Reactive Oxygen Species and Biomedical Science Institute, School of Medicine, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is an intracellular organelle involved in the synthesis and secretion of proteins. The ER stress response, which protects cells from cytotoxic proteins such as unfolded proteins, is related to several diseases including inflammation. In this study, we investigated the effect of ER stress on the pathophysiology of otitis media with effusion (OME). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Audiological evaluation of infants using mother's voice.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 11;121:81-87. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University, 840 Shijo-cho, Kashihara, Nara, 634-8522, Japan.

Objectives: Hearing loss is a serious problem in infants and children because it may interfere with the development of typical speech, verbal language, and auditory and communication skills. By measuring hearing ability (thresholds) as early as possible, even as early as during infancy, effective treatment can be administered. These treatments may significantly reduce the handicap associated with hearing loss. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Which graft should be used for the pediatric transcanal endoscopic type 1 tympanoplasty? A comparative clinical study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 1;121:76-80. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Private Sanmed Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Şanlıurfa, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objectives: To compare the functional and anatomical success rates of the fascial versus perichondrial grafts in pediatric endoscopic type 1 tympanoplasties.

Methods: This retrospective clinical study was conducted on 40 pediatric patients (23 females and 17 males; mean age: 10.0 ± 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.046DOI Listing

Using intraoperative optical coherence tomography to image pediatric unilateral vocal fold paralysis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 26;121:72-75. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) impairs communication and reduces academic performance and social interactions in children. Deciding between temporary, permanent, or potentially destructive surgical interventions can be challenging, as there currently exists no reliable means of predicting vocal fold recovery or assessing the presence of vocal fold atrophy. Regarding vocal fold atrophy, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has been shown to be an appealing non-invasive alternative for accessing vocal fold structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.039DOI Listing
February 2019
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Consensus on the methodology for experimental studies in allergic rhinitis.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 9;121:68-71. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

ENT Department, Faculty of Medicine, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objectives: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a symptomatic disorder of the nose induced by allergen exposure, which triggers immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated inflammation of the nasal membranes. Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common health problems and has a major effect on the quality of life.

Methods: In this review, we aimed to provide a consensus for experimental studies on allergic rhinitis in terms of allergic rhinitis models. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.009DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Subglottic stenosis in children: Our experience at a pediatric tertiary center for 8 years in South Korea.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 27;121:64-67. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine and Research Institute for Convergence of Biomedical Science and Technology, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: The incidence of SGS has been reported to be less than 8% after endotracheal intubation. Therefore there is an increasing trend in the number of patients with acute acquired SGS due to mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit. However, there have been no reports describing the treatment of SGS in children in South Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.044DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Binaural hearing advantages for children with bimodal fitting.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 27;121:58-63. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

New Hearing Technologies Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Bimodal fitting (BF) allows children with cochlear implant to benefit from binaural hearing advantages. Three major binaural hearing advantages, which enhance hearing function of people with normal hearing, are head shadow effect (HSE), binaural squelch effect (BSQ) and binaural summation effect (BSU). This study in pediatric patients attempting to measure the auditory benefits of bimodal stimulation in children with long-standing use of a cochlear implant (CI), and residual hearing on the contralateral side. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.043DOI Listing
February 2019
1.319 Impact Factor

Vitamin D deficiency as a risk factor for PFAPA syndrome.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 4;121:55-57. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Namık Kemal University Department of Pediatrics, Tekirdağ, Turkey. Electronic address:

Objective: The periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharangytis and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome, is an idiopathic chronic disease of non-hereditary origin, primarily affecting pre-school children and is the most common periodic fever disorder in children. Rapid response to corticosteroid treatment suggest an immune dysregulation. Recently, emerging evidence suggest that vitamin D plays an important role in immunity regulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.047DOI Listing
March 2019
12 Reads

Serious complications due to acute rhinosinusitis in children up to five years old in Stockholm, Sweden - Still a challenge in the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine era.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 25;121:50-54. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska vägen, 171 76, Solna, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Division of Ear, Nose- and Throat Diseases, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the rate of admissions, the rate of serious complications (postseptal orbital complications and surgery) and the bacterial etiology of acute rhinosinusitis in hospitalized children under five years old in Stockholm County, eight years after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). The secondary aim was to compare this period with the period four years prior to the vaccine's introduction.

Methods: This was a population-based, descriptive observational study with retrospectively collected data from 1 July 2008 to 30 June 2016 in Stockholm County. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.034DOI Listing
February 2019
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Orbital complications secondary to acute rhinosinusitis in toddlers: A unique age group.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 5;121:46-49. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Sackler School of Medicine, 70300, Zerifin, Israel. Electronic address:

Objectives: To present the clinical course and management of pediatric orbital complications (OC) secondary to acute rhinosinusitis (ARS), focusing on subperiosteal orbital abscess (SPOA) in toddlers (<2 years). A secondary aim was to identify and evaluate unique variables in toddlers which distinguish them from the older age group.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of all children with OC secondary to ARS admitted to a secondary medical center between 2005 and 2014 was conducted. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.002DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
1.319 Impact Factor

Microwave ablation versus silver nitrate cautery for treating recurrent epistaxis in adolescents: A prospective, randomized case-control study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 4;121:41-45. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang City, 453003, Henan Provice, China.

Objective: To compare the outcomes of adolescent patients with recurrent anterior epistaxis (RAE) treated with either silver nitrate cauterization or microwave ablation (MWA).

Study Design: and methods: In this prospective, randomized study, one hundred 13-18-year-old adolescents with RAE were assigned to two groups: the MWA group (n = 50) or the silver nitrate cauterization group (n = 50). Both groups were followed up for 12 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.001DOI Listing
March 2019
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Otolaryngologist and pediatric oncologist perspectives on the role of fine needle aspiration in diagnosing pediatric head and neck masses.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 7;121:34-40. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Division of Pediatrics, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine how otolaryngologists and pediatric oncologists differ in their initial approach to diagnosing head and neck masses in children and adolescents.

Methods: We designed an electronic 28-question survey consisting of 4 clinical cases and one referral case varying by patient age, history, and physical exam findings. The survey was sent anonymously to pediatric oncologists and otolaryngologists at institutions in the United States and Canada. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
9 Reads

The pediatric airway: Historical concepts, new findings, and what matters.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Mar 3;121:29-33. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA.

New observations from novel imaging techniques regarding the anatomy, dimensions, and shape of the pediatric airway have emerged and provide insight for potential changes in the clinical management of the airway in infants and children. These new findings are challenging the historical concepts of a funnel-shaped upper airway with the cricoid ring as the narrowest dimension. Although these tenets have been accepted and used to guide clinical practice in airway management, there are limited clinical investigations in children to support the validity of these concepts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.041DOI Listing
March 2019
1.319 Impact Factor

Recurrent periorbital cellulitis associated with rhinosinusitis in children: Characteristics, course of disease, and management paradigm.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2019 Feb 25;121:26-28. Epub 2019 Feb 25.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Rabin Medical Center and Schneider Children's Hospital, Petah Tikva, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Recurrent periorbital cellulitis (RPOC) associated with rhinosinusitis is rarely noted and scarcely discussed in the literature. The aim of our study was to analyze the characteristics and disease course of a group of pediatric patients with RPOC.

Methods: The medical records of all pediatric patients with a diagnosis of RPOC treated in a tertiary children's hospital were retrieved. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2019.02.037DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read