3,765 results match your criteria International Journal of Infectious Diseases[Journal]


Potential drug-drug interactions between antiretroviral therapy and treatment regimens for multi-drug resistant tuberculosis: implications for HIV care of MDR-TB co-infected individuals.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Center for AIDS Research, Laboratory of Biochemical Pharmacology, Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

HIV-positive TB co-infected patients are at increased risk of multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB compared to HIV-negative patients. Co-treatment of MDR-TB and HIV is common particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa where the co-morbidity is endemic. We discuss potential cellular metabolic pathway-mediated drug-drug interactions and the possible effect on HIV treatment outcomes of commonly prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.009DOI Listing

First outbreak of Oropouche Fever reported in a non-endemic western region of the Peruvian Amazon. Molecular diagnosis and clinical characteristics.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 13. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

School of Medicine, Research and Innovation Centre of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas, Lima, Peru; Centro de Salud Las Palmas - Red de Salud Leoncio Prado - Ministerio de Salud, Huánuco, Peru. Electronic address:

Introduction: Oropouche fever is an under-reported and emerging infectious disease caused by Oropouche virus (OROV). Its incidence is under-estimated mainly due to clinical similarities with other endemic arboviral diseases and the lack of specific diagnostic tests. We report the first outbreak of Oropouche fever in a western region of the Peruvian Amazon in Huanuco, Peru. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.011DOI Listing

Cholera outbreak by Sea Gypsies in Sabah, Malaysia: a challenge in North Borneo.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Borneo Medical and Health Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Electronic address:

Objectives: In this study we investigated an outbreak of Vibrio cholera O1 Ogawa serotype, occurred during December 2014 in Kudat district, situated in Sabah state of the Malaysian part of Borneo.

Methods: Active case detection and contact tracing were done at respective localities by house to house survey. Passive case detection was done among acute gastroenteritis patients attended at various health facilities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.008DOI Listing

False positive fourth generation HIV test in a patient with severe malaria.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 12. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Albert Einstein Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, 5401 Old York Road, Klein Building, Suite 363, Philadelphia, PA 19141; Albert Einstein Medical Center, Department of Infectious Diseases, 5401 Old York Road, Klein Building, Suite 363, Philadelphia, PA 19141.

Severe malaria is an uncommon diagnosis in the United States. However, awareness of signs, symptoms, and treatment options is imperative in order to promptly initiate optimal therapy. False positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) results are rare in the setting of acute malaria infection and with the introduction of newer fourth-generation immunoassays. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S12019712193017
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.007DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

Intravenous and Tablet Formulation of Posaconazole in Antifungal Therapy and Prophylaxis: A Retrospective, non-Interventional, Multicenter Analysis of Hemato-Oncological Patients Treated in Tertiary-Care Hospitals.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

University Hospital of Cologne, Department I of Internal Medicine, Cologne, Germany; German Center for Infection Research, Partner Site Bonn-Cologne, Cologne, Germany. Electronic address:

Objectives: Novel formulations (gastro-resistant table and intravenous solution) of posaconazole (POS) have been approved in prophylaxis and therapy of invasive fungal diseases (IFDs). Study aim was to analyze treatment strategies and clinical effectiveness.

Methods: We set up a web-based registry on www. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.006DOI Listing

A systematic review with meta-analysis: Is ribavirin necessary in sofosbuvir- based direct-acting antiviral therapies for patients with HCV recurrence after liver transplantation?

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

The Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Infectious Diseases, Department of Infectious Diseases, Institute for Viral Hepatitis, Chinese Ministry of Education, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China; Department of Medical Laboratory, The People's Hospital of Leshan, Leshan, China; West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China; Department of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: With the appearance of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs), sofosbuvir (SOF)-based DAAs are recommended for patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after liver transplantation (LT). Whether ribavirin (RBV) is needed by patients after LT in combination with SOF-based DAAs remains to be determined. This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the necessity of RBV with SOF-based DAAs for post-LT patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.038DOI Listing

Exploring Bacterial Resistance in Northern Oman, a Foundation for Implementing Evidence-Based Antimicrobial Stewardship Program.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Philadelphia College of Pharmacy at University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Increasing rate of resistant infections is a challenge to healthcare negatively impacting therapeutic and financial outcomes. Targeted antimicrobial stewardship interventions are needed to counteract this global crisis. On large scale, we sought to identify the prevalence of resistant pathogens and their susceptibility pattern in Northern Oman. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.004DOI Listing
April 2019
4 Reads

A case of cutaneous larva migrans.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Dermatology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, China, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.003DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Diarrhea in an immunosuppressed patient - The Accordion Sign.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Haematology, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.005DOI Listing

Changes in the utilization patterns of antifungal agents, medical cost and clinical outcomes of candidemia from the health-care benefit expansion to include newer antifungal agents.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Department of Internal Medicine and AIDS Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objectives: In 2014, South Korea expanded its national health insurance coverage to include newer antifungal agents, such as echinocandins. This study aimed to investigate the effects of policy change on the prescription patterns of antifungals, medical costs and clinical outcomes of candidemia.

Methods: This retrospective cohort enrolled hospitalized patients with candidemia at three tertiary care hospitals in South Korea from January 2012 to December 2015. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.039DOI Listing

"Clean care for all - It's in your hands": The May 5th, 2019 World Health Organization SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands campaign.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 4;82:135-136. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

Infection Control Programme and WHO Collaborating Centre on Patient Safety, University of Geneva Hospitals and Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

First report of a persistent oropharyngeal infection of type 2 vaccine-derived poliovirus (iVDPV2) in a primary immune deficient (PID) patient after eradication of wild type 2 poliovirus.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Central Virology Laboratory, Public Health Services, Israel Ministry of Health, at Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address:

This is the first report of persistent oropharyngeal mucosal infection with type 2 poliovirus (iVDPV2) in a primary immune deficient patient (PID) after wild type 2 poliovirus eradication. The iVDPV2 also established persistence in the gut. iVDPV2 at both loci evolved independently. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.037DOI Listing

Surveillance of adverse events in the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis: a global feasibility study.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 3. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Servizio di Epidemiologia Clinica delle Malattie Respiratorie, Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Via Roncaccio 16, Tradate, Varese, 21049, Italy.

The World Health Organization launched a global initiative, known as aDSM (active TB drug safety monitoring and management) to better describe the safety profile of new treatment regimens for drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in real-world settings. However, comprehensive surveillance is difficult to implement in several countries. Aim of the aDSM project is to demonstrate the feasibility of implementing national aDSM registers and to describe the type and the frequency of adverse events (AEs) associated with exposure to the new anti-TB drugs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.036DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Symptomatic HIV CNS viral escape among patients on effective cART.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Infectious Diseases. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.033DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Lipid profile and renal safety of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-based anti-retroviral therapy in HIV-infected Chinese patients.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Department of Infectious and Immune Diseases, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China; Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Internal Medicine, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is an important component of antiretroviral therapy (ART) that has been widely used. The aim of this study was to observe the long-term impact of TDF-based ART on lipid metabolism profiles and renal functions in Chinese patients.

Methods: 414 and 124 HIV-infected, ART-naïve patients who initiated TDF-based regimens and non-TDF regimens respectively were retrospectively included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.034DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Bedaquiline overdose: A case report.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 2. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

We present a case report describing outcomes in a 21 year old HIV-negative man who received treatment with bedaquiline. Due to error, dosage received comprised 4 pills of 100 mg every second day in the 60 days following the first two weeks of 4 pills of 100 mg every day. On detection, treatment was continued as per standard dosing of 200 mg given three times per week, with enhanced monitoring of ECG and liver function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.035DOI Listing

Management of acute-stage chikungunya disease: contribution of ultrasonographic joint examination.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Unit of Rheumatology, University Hospital Fort-de-France, Centre Hospitalier de Martinique (CHUM), route de Chateauboeuf, 97200 Fort-de-France, Martinique. Electronic address:

Objective: Chikungunya (CHIKV) is an arbovirus that causes acute, debilitating polyarthritis. Its diagnosis can be difficult for clinicians not used to managing joint diseases or detecting synovitis. Joint Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) is a simple, non-invasive examination, able to visualize synovitis. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S12019712193016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.031DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Diagnosis and surgical management of pericardial effusion due to paragonimiasis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Chongqing, China; China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Chongqing, China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: The pericardial effusion (PE) caused by paragonimiasis is rarely reported. This study aims to present experience in the diagnosis and surgical management of PE due to paragonimiasis.

Methods: Medical records of 57 children who were diagnosed with PE due to paragonimiasis and underwent surgery at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University between January 2012 and August 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.032DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

A cluster of nosocomial Lassa fever cases in a tertiary health facility in Nigeria: description and lessons learned, 2018.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Lassa fever is an acute viral haemorrhagic disease endemic in Nigeria. The 2018 Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria was unprecedented, with 8% of all cases occurring among healthcare workers (HCWs). A disproportionately high number of these infections occurred in HCWs working in a tertiary health facility in Nigeria. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S12019712193015
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.030DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

People who inject drugs in Bangladesh - the untold burden!

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Menzies Health Institute, Gold Coast, Australia. Electronic address:

The rates of both HIV and HCV are exploding among the People Who Inject Drugs (PWID) subpopulation in the People's Republic of Bangladesh. 5,586 HIV confirmed cases have been reported since the first case of HIV was identified in 1989, of which, 865 new cases (15.5%) have been reported in the year 2017 alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.009DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Detection of pathogens from resected heart valves of patients with infective endocarditis by next-generation sequencing.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

State Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Disease, Beijing Key Laboratory for Molecular Diagnostics of Cardiovascular Diseases, Diagnostic Laboratory Service, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100037, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Identification of the underlying pathogens of infective endocarditis (IE) is critical for precision therapy.

Methods: We evaluated a metagenomic method with next-generation sequencing (NGS) for the direct detection of pathogens from the resected valves of 44 IE patients and seven rejected IE patients according to the modified Duke criteria.

Results: NGS displayed sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values and negative predictive values of 97. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.007DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Immunogenicity of aIIV3, MF59-Adjuvanted Seasonal Trivalent Influenza Vaccine, in Older Adults ≥65 Years of Age: Meta-Analysis of Cumulative Clinical Experience.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Seqirus Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Compare the immunogenicity of MF59-adjuvanted trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (aIIV3; Fluad™) versus conventional trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3) in an integrated dataset using a meta-analysis.

Methods: In a meta-analysis, the immunogenicity of aIIV3 in subjects ≥65 years of age was compared with IIV3 immunogenicity using hemagglutination inhibition assay results from 23 phase I through III randomized controlled trials, including 16 first-dose vaccination studies and 7 revaccination studies assessing immunogenicity after second or third annual vaccination.

Results: The full analysis set consisted of 11,105 subjects (5869 aIIV3 and 5236 IIV3). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.026DOI Listing

Molecular characterization and analysis of Mycoplasma pneumoniae among patients of all age with community-acquired pneumonia during an epidemic in China.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Lab, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: Analysis of the molecular characteristics of isolates is very important for clinical and epidemiological study of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) caused by M. pneumoniae.

Methods: Between 2010 and 2012, an epidemic period, M. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.028DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Diagnostic Role of Polymerase Chain Reaction in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid for Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients - a Retrospective Cohort Study.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion - Israely Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic role of PCR detection of Aspergillus DNA in the broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, in a large cohort of patients suspected to have invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA).

Methods: Consecutive immunocompromised patients who underwent bronchoscopy with BAL sampling and PCR detection of Aspergillus DNA for the diagnosis of pulmonary infiltrates, were included in the study. Galactomannan (GM) antigen testing in BAL and serum and BAL fungal culture were also performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.025DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Contribution of the FilmArray respiratory panel in the management of adult and pediatric patients attending the emergency room during 2015-2016 influenza epidemics: an interventional study.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Department of Microbiology, Laboratoire des Hôpitaux Universitaires Bruxellois, Brussels, Belgium.

Aim: To evaluate the contribution of a multiplex PCR for respiratory viruses on antibiotic and antiviral prescription, ancillary test prescription, admission and length of stay of patients.

Methods: Two hundred ninety-one adult and pediatric patients visiting the emergency department during the 2015-2016 influenza epidemic were prospectively included and immediately tested 24/7 using the FilmArray Respiratory Panel. The results were communicated to the practitioner in charge as soon as they became available. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.027DOI Listing

Bundling HIV and TB Care at a District-Level Center in Sierra Leone: A high-yield method for diagnosing co-infection with TB and antiretroviral treatment failure among people living with HIV.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20;82:124-128. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Partners in Health, Sierra Leone, #25 Saquee Dr, Freetown, Sierra Leone, West Africa.

Background: Protocols for HIV care are widely accepted by all international organizations and are proven to reduce mortality and complications from living with HIV. Unfortunately, executing best practice recommendations in Sierra Leone is difficult due to shortages in staff, training, and medications.

Methods: From June 2016 to August 2016, we implemented both an HIV guideline-based clinical evaluation protocol and a patient-centered workflow for TB screening and CD4 testing in the HIV clinic at Koidu Government Hospital (KGH) in rural Sierra Leone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.018DOI Listing

Diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in the subset of patients with negative sputum/smear and mycobacterial culture and a suspicion of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20;82:96-101. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Medicine, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Background: The diagnostic value of bronchoalveolar lavage in patients with negative sputum/smear for tuberculous bacilli has been well studied. However, its value in the subset of patients with both negative sputum/smear and culture is seldom reported.

Methods: A retrospective study of patients referred for diagnostic bronchoscopy for the suspicion of pulmonary tuberculosis during the period from April 1st, 2015 to March 30th, 2016, and who had negative sputum/smear and culture for tuberculous bacilli. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.021DOI Listing

All eyes on him: Argyll Robertson pupil in late syphilis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20;83:1-2. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Maladies Infectieuses, Hôpital Universitaire Raymond-Poincaré, AP-HP, 104 Bld Raymond Poincaré, 92380 Garches, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.023DOI Listing

Mucosal and cutaneous Human Papillomavirus seroprevalence among adults in the prevaccine era in Germany - Results from a nationwide population-based survey.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department for Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Immunization Unit, Robert Koch-Institute, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination of girls has been introduced in Germany in 2007. However, data on the distribution of vaccine-relevant HPV types in the general population in Germany in the prevaccine era are limited.

Methods: Serum samples collected during the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998 (GNHIES98), a nationally representative study including men and women aged 18-79 years, were tested for antibodies to 19 mucosal and cutaneous HPV types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.022DOI Listing

Protective role of follicular CXCR5CD8 T cells against dengue virus 2 infection.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, 310004, China.

Follicular CXCR5CD8 T cells have antiviral effects in chronic virus infection, but the roles of these cells during dengue virus 2 (DENV2) infection remain poorly understood.

Objective: This study was conducted to analyzed in detail the dynamic changes and functional properties of circulating follicular CXCR5CD8 T cells to explore their effects on DENV2 infection.

Methods: Circulating follicular CXCR5CD8 T cells and cytokines were analyzed by flow cytometry in DENV2 patients at difference days after DENV2 infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.024DOI Listing

Cumulative clinical experience with MF59-adjuvanted trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine in young children and adults 65 years of age and older.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, GmbH Marburg, Germany.

Objective: To assess the long-term safety of MF59-adjuvanted trivalent influenza vaccine (aIIV3; Fluad™) in adults ≥65 years of age.

Methods: Data from 36 primary vaccination and 7 re-vaccination Phase I through III trials were analyzed; 7532 subjects received aIIV3 and 5198 subjects a nonadjuvanted trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (IIV3). These trials were evaluated in 2 data poolings: first-dose randomized controlled trials (FD-RCT) and revaccination trials. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.020DOI Listing

'Tingling throat syndrome' as asymptomatic anisakiasis following conveyor belt sushi consumption in Tokyo.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 20;82:102-103. Epub 2019 Mar 20.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center, Japan. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.019DOI Listing

The glycerophospholipid-cholesterol acyltransferase gene (gcat) is present in other species of Aeromonas and is not specific to Aeromonas hydrophila.

Authors:
Ogueri Nwaiwu

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 15. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

University of Nottingham, Division of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE12 5RD, UK. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.013DOI Listing

Epidemiological evidence concerning the association between onchocerciasis and epilepsy.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 15;82:77-78. Epub 2019 Mar 15.

Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Building a Robust Ecosystem for Vaccine Research in India.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 14. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science & Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.017DOI Listing

Periprosthetic joint infection associated with Mycoplasma hominis after transurethral instrumentation in an immunocompetent patient. Unusual or underestimated? A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 14;82:86-88. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Johanniter Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic, General and Accident Surgery, Rheinhausen, Germany.

Judging by the small number of published cases, periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) caused by Mycoplasma species are regarded as unusual. This is not surprising as special growth conditions are necessary for diagnosis and therefore the laboratory must be informed of any clinical suspicion. However, surgeons are generally not aware of the risk factors associated with certain microorganisms causing an infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.012DOI Listing

Decrease in the coverage of measles-containing vaccines and the risk of reestablishing endemic transmission of measles in Brazil.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 13;82:51-53. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Post-Graduation Program in Health Sciences, University of Brasília, Brasília-DF, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.014DOI Listing

Evaluation of the ratio of the estimated area under the concentration-time curve to minimum inhibitory concentration (estimated AUIC) as a predictor of the outcome for tigecycline treatment for pneumonia due to multidrug-resistant bacteria in an intensive care unit.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 13;82:79-85. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Intensive Care Unit, The Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing 210008, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: Based on pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of tigecycline (TGC), dose increases have been advocated to maximize the efficacy against pneumonia that is suspected to be due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria in an intensive care unit. This practice-based study explored the relationship between the predicted PK parameter, the ratio of the area under the concentration-time curve to the 24 h of dosing/minimum inhibitory concentration (AUC/MIC or AUIC), and the clinical and microbiological outcomes in critically ill patients with pneumonia due to MDR bacteria.

Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of the treatment of pneumonia due to MDR bacteria in an intensive care unit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.011DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Exanthema associated with Capnocytophaga canimorsus bacteremia.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 12;82:104-105. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals and Medical School, Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.006DOI Listing

Dengue in India: Towards a better understanding of priorities and progress.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 12. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, 3rd Milestone, Faridabad-Gurgaon Expressway, Faridabad, Haryana 120001, India. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.008DOI Listing

MRI evaluation of pulmonary lesions and lung tissue changes induced by tuberculosis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 12;82:138-146. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Radiology, The People's Hospital of Longhua, Shenzhen, Southern Medical University, Guangdong, China; Graduate School, Medical College of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China; Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with an advanced motion correction technique in characterizing lung tissue changes and lesions induced by pulmonary tuberculosis (TB).

Methods: Sixty-three subjects with computed tomography (CT) features of pulmonary TB underwent lung MRI. All subjects with pulmonary TB were confirmed by acid-fast bacillus (AFB) testing or the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.004DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Changes in seroprevalence of hepatitis A after the implementation of universal childhood vaccination in Shandong Province, China: A comparison between 2006 and 2014.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 9;82:129-134. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Academy of Preventive Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Infectious Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: The hepatitis A vaccine (HepA) has been included in the national expanded program on immunization (EPI) in China since 2008. This study was performed to evaluate the change in dynamics of the seroepidemiology of hepatitis A virus (HAV) before and after the introduction of the program.

Methods: The trends in seroepidemiology of anti-HAV antibodies were examined in Shandong Province, China, drawing on two population-based samples of persons aged 1-59 years, one obtained in the year 2006 (n = 6682) and the other in 2014 (n = 5095). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.005DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Fatal Zika virus disease in adults: A critical reappraisal of an under-recognized clinical entity.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA; Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz/MS, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.002DOI Listing

Neurosyphilis: Concordance between cerebrospinal fluid analysis and subsequent antibiotic strategy for patients undergoing evaluation of a diagnosis of neurosyphilis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 7;82:73-76. Epub 2019 Mar 7.

Microbiology Unit, The Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia; Department of Infectious Diseases, The Alfred Hospital and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia.

Introduction: The confirmation or analysis and exclusion of a diagnosis of neurosyphilis has long presented a challenge for infectious diseases clinicians. The authors reviewed the concordance between cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis and the subsequent antibiotic strategy for patients undergoing evaluation of a diagnosis of neurosyphilis.

Methods: All patients with positive serum syphilis serology referred for CSF analysis between January 2009 and May 2016 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.03.003DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Molecular analysis of clonally related Salmonella Typhi recovered from epidemiologically unrelated cases of typhoid fever, Brazil.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Apr 5;81:191-195. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Instituto Adolfo Lutz, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The primary method of molecular subtyping for the identification and investigation of outbreaks has been pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). In some cases, this technique has not been able to show discrimination between the unrelated strains that can be achieved by whole genome sequencing (WGS).

Methods: The aim of this study was to determine the strengths and drawbacks of WGS using different analytic approaches compared to traditional typing method, PFGE, for retrospectively typing clusters cases of 28 S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.009DOI Listing
April 2019
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The application of proteomic methods (MALDI-toff MS) for studying protein profiles of some nematodes (dirofilaria and ascaris) for differentiating species.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 5;82:61-65. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Central Research Institute of Epidemiology, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-toff MS) is a reliable method for diagnosing a number of bacterial and fungal infections. It is also effective as a method of rapid diagnosis of several parasitic agents. We used MALDI-toff MS to study the protein profiles of four nematodes: Dirofilaria repens, Dirofilaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.047DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads
2.330 Impact Factor

Tubercular splenic abscesses: A rare entity sometimes hard to sterilize.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 5;82:18-20. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Service de Maladies Infectieuses, Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, Garches, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.048DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Pulmonary function and respiratory health after successful treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 5;82:66-72. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Division of Infectious Diseases Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Post-treatment morbidity among subjects with drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) is unclear.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of patients from Tbilisi, Georgia with cavitary DR-TB and an outcome of cure. Participants had a chest X-ray (CXR), St. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.039DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

The need for an antibiotic stewardship program in a hospital using a computerized pre-authorization system.

Int J Infect Dis 2019 Mar 5;82:40-43. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Infectious Disease and Clinical Microbiology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) have an important role in the appropriate utilization of antibiotics. Some of the core strategies recommended for ASPs are pre-authorization and prospective audit and feedback. In Turkey, a unique nationwide antibiotic restriction program (NARP) has been in place since 2003. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2019.02.044DOI Listing