409 results match your criteria International Journal of Hypertension [Journal]


Prevalence, Awareness, and Control of Hypertension in Greater Beirut Area, Lebanon.

Int J Hypertens 2018 26;2018:5419861. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

American University of Beirut Medical Center, Vascular Medicine Program, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Hypertension (HTN) has been identified as the leading risk factor for mortality and the third cause of disability worldwide. Lebanon has witnessed a threefold increase in the prevalence of HTN in the past decade. The timely exploration and detection of the factors contributing to a higher prevalence of the disease among the Lebanese population is fundamental. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5419861DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343155PMC
December 2018

How May Coexisting Frailty Influence Adherence to Treatment in Elderly Hypertensive Patients?

Int J Hypertens 2019 6;2019:5245184. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

Department and Clinic of Internal and Occupational Diseases and Hypertension, Jan Mikulicz-Radecki University Teaching Hospital in Wroclaw, 213 Borowska Street, 50-556 Wrocław, Poland.

Background: Hypertension is considered to be the most common condition in the general population. It is the most important risk factor for premature deaths in the world. Treatment compliance at every stage is a condition for successful antihypertensive therapy, and improving the effectiveness of treatment is a major goal in preventing cardiovascular incidents. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5245184DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339701PMC
January 2019

Personality Traits, Clinical Characteristics, and Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Hypertension in a Primary Hospital in Ghana.

Int J Hypertens 2019 2;2019:7489875. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Psychology, School of Social Studies, College of Humanities, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

Background: Hypertension is a major health problem that remains a significant threat to the health and general wellbeing of many people all over the world. In some patients, the etiology and prognosis of hypertension have been linked to psychological factors including personality traits. One primary goal of management is to improve the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/7489875DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6334340PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Association of Urinary Sodium Excretion with Vascular Damage: A Local Kidney Effect, Rather Than a Marker of Generalized Vascular Impairment.

Int J Hypertens 2018 16;2018:7620563. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

3 Department of Internal Medicine, Papageorgiou Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Evidence suggests that increased salt consumption induces blood pressure- (BP) mediated organ damage, yet it remains unclear whether it reflects a generalized micro- and macrovascular malfunction independent of BP. We studied 197 newly diagnosed and never-treated individuals with hypertension, intermediate hypertensive phenotypes, and normal BP, classified by use of 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring. Sodium excretion and microalbuminuria were estimated in 24-hour urine samples, dermal capillary density was estimated from capillaroscopy, and arterial stiffness was estimated with pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7620563DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311280PMC
December 2018

Effect of BMI and Its Optimal Cut-Off Value in Identifying Hypertension in Uyghur and Han Chinese: A Biethnic Study from the China National Health Survey (CNHS).

Int J Hypertens 2018 11;2018:1508083. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100005, China.

Objective: The effect of adiposity on hypertension among Uyghur Chinese is not clear. This study aimed to compare the effect of BMI and its optimal cut-off value in identifying hypertension in Uyghur and Han adults in China.

Methods: By using a multistage stratified sampling method, 3072 Uyghur and 3195 Han adults underwent questionnaire interview, physical examination, and biochemical tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1508083DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6311287PMC
December 2018

The Association of Vitamin A and Vitamin D with Hypertension in Children: A Case-Control Study.

Int J Hypertens 2018 6;2018:9295147. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Key Laboratory of Pediatrics in Chongqing, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Chongqing, China.

Background: The prevalence of hypertension in children increases rapidly. This paper is to investigate the association of vitamin A and serum 25(OH)D level with hypertension and to explore the risk factors of hypertension in children.

Methods: 164 children (age: 6-12 years, females: 49. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9295147DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304547PMC
December 2018

Blood Pressure in relation to 24-Hour Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion in a Uruguayan Population Sample.

Int J Hypertens 2018 2;2018:6956078. Epub 2018 Dec 2.

Departamento de Fisiopatología, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Many public health policies in Latin America target an optimized sodium and potassium intake. The aims of this study were to assess the sodium and potassium intake using 24-hour urinary analysis and to study their association with blood pressure in a Uruguayan population cohort using cluster analysis. A total of 149 participants (aged 20-85 years) were included in the study, and office blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, biochemical parameters in the blood, and 24-hour urine samples were obtained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6956078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304641PMC
December 2018
1 Read

A Fortified Method to Screen and Detect Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Asymptomatic Hypertensive Adults: A Korean Retrospective, Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Hypertens 2018 25;2018:6072740. Epub 2018 Nov 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Purpose: Left ventricular (LV) mass is determined by the wall thickness and diameter. LV hypertrophy (LVH), the increase in LV mass, is usually screened with electrocardiography but is often insensitive. We tried to fortify the rule to detect LVH using cardiothoracic ratio (CTR) in chest X-ray and well-known risk factors besides electrocardiography. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6072740DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6286785PMC
November 2018

Oral Fludrocortisone Test for Salt-Sensitive Screening in Hypertensive Patients: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

Int J Hypertens 2018 15;2018:7437858. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Hypertension Unit, Renal Division of Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Background: Salt sensitivity is associated with an increased cardiovascular risk, but the gold standard method (diet cycles) requires 24-h urine samples and has poor patient compliance.

Objectives: Test the hypothesis that oral fludrocortisone (0.4 mg per day for 7 days) is a good alternative in identifying salt-sensitive patients. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2018/7437858/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7437858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6276467PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Hypertension Is an Independent Predictor of Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease in Young Adults with Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Int J Hypertens 2018 13;2018:7623639. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

Department of Cardiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Jiangsu Road 16, 266000 Qingdao, Shandong, China.

Background: Risk factors of multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) among young acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients remain elusive now.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzed data from 187 consecutive young (age ≤45 years) ACS patients (75 STEMI, 30 NSTEMI, and 72 unstable angina) hospitalized in our hospital from January 2012 to December 2016. Thirty-six young male patients with normal coronary angiography (CAG) findings (no-CAD), who underwent CAG due to suspected chest pain in this period, served as control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7623639DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260551PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Pulmonary Function Tests in Hypertensive Patients Attending Zewditu Memorial Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Int J Hypertens 2018 12;2018:5492680. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of physiology, Addis Ababa University College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Hypertension imposes stresses on many organs like heart and kidney. However, studies that show the effect of hypertension on the lungs are limited.

Objective: To assess pulmonary function status of hypertensive patients aged 30-64 years at Zewditu Memorial Hospital, 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5492680DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260409PMC
November 2018

Renal Dysfunction among Ghanaians Living with Clinically Diagnosed Hypertension in the Asutifi-South District: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study at the St. Elizabeth Hospital, Hwidiem.

Int J Hypertens 2018 5;2018:8428063. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Allied Health Sciences, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Background: This study aimed at evaluating the burden of renal dysfunction among people living with hypertension in the Asutifi-South District of the Brong Ahafo Region, who were attending clinic at the St. Elizabeth Hospital in Hwidiem.

Methodology: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among two hundred (200) hypertensive clients aged between 27 and 88 years who reported for clinical management from January to March, 2018. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2018/8428063/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8428063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6241342PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Brief Report: Exercise and Blood Pressure in Older Adults-An Updated Look.

Int J Hypertens 2018 29;2018:6548659. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

School of Public Health, Department of Biostatistics, Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, West Virginia University, P.O. Box 9190, Morgantown, WV, USA.

Background/objectives: Raised blood pressure is a major problem in older adults. Using a random-effects model, a recent meta-analysis reported statistically significant reductions in both resting systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) as a result of aerobic, resistance, and combined aerobic and resistance exercise in adults ≥65 years. To provide more objective information regarding this nonpharmacologic approach, this study applied more robust methods to this data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6548659DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6232798PMC
October 2018

Value of Assessing Autonomic Nervous Function by Heart Rate Variability and Heart Rate Turbulence in Hypertensive Patients.

Int J Hypertens 2018 14;2018:4067601. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Cardiology, Wuhan Fourth Hospital, Puai Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China.

Purpose: To explore the relationship between blood pressure control and autonomic nervous function assessing by heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate turbulence (HRT) in hypertensive patients.

Methods: A total of 120 consecutive hypertensive patients and 80 nonhypertensive patients (N-HP group) were enrolled in this study. The hypertensive patients were divided into controlled blood pressure and uncontrolled blood pressure groups according to their blood pressure on admission. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2018/4067601/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4067601DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6204178PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Pulse Pressure Relationships with Demographics and Kidney Function in Ashanti, Ghana.

Int J Hypertens 2018 4;2018:7864564. Epub 2018 Oct 4.

Department of Renal Medicine and Transplantation, St Georges, University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, UK.

Introduction: Hypertension, particularly pulse pressure [PP] is a major risk factor for end-stage renal disease. However, the effect of individual components of hypertension namely PP, systolic [SBP] and diastolic blood pressure [DBP] on kidney function, in the general African population is unknown.

Methods: Data were collected on 944 participants [aged 40-75 y], living in villages in the area around the city of Kumasi, Ghana, on demographics, medications, height, weight, BP and 24-hour creatinine clearance (CrCl). Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2018/7864564/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7864564DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6193336PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Tracking of Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents in Germany in the Context of Risk Factors for Hypertension.

Int J Hypertens 2018 26;2018:8429891. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Robert Koch Institute, Department of Epidemiology and Health Monitoring, Berlin, Germany.

Blood pressure (BP) tracking from childhood to adulthood has two aspects: the ranking stability relative to others over time and the prediction of future values. This study investigates BP tracking in children and adolescents in Germany in the context of hypertension risk factors. BP was measured and analyzed in 2542 participants of the German Health Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (t 2003-2006; 3 to 17-year olds) and of a six year follow-up "Motorik Modul" (t 2009-2012; 9 to 24-year olds). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8429891DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6178151PMC
September 2018

Heart Rate Variability and Cardiovascular Reflex Tests for Assessment of Autonomic Functions in Preeclampsia.

Int J Hypertens 2018 18;2018:8163824. Epub 2018 Sep 18.

Department of Physiology, BHU, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Alterations in the autonomic cardiovascular control have been implicated to play an important etiologic role in preeclampsia. The present study was designed to evaluate autonomic functions in preeclamptic pregnant women and compare the values with normotensive pregnant and healthy nonpregnant controls. Assessment of autonomic functions was done by cardiovascular reflex tests and by analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8163824DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6167570PMC
September 2018
1 Read

The Relationship between Inter-Arm Blood Pressure Difference and Coronary Artery Disease Severity Calculated by the SYNTAX Score.

Int J Hypertens 2018 13;2018:9370417. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Department of Cardiology, Haseki Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: The inter-arm systolic blood pressure difference (IASBPD) is closely related to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. The SYNTAX score indicates the extent and complexity of coronary artery disease, which are determined by coronary angiography. The aim of our study is to examine the relationship between the IASBPD (which is easily calculated in routine practice) and the SYNTAX score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9370417DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6158967PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Angolan Adults: A Descriptive Analysis from CardioBengo, a Community-Based Survey.

Int J Hypertens 2018 6;2018:2532345. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Taipas, No. 135, 4050-600 Porto, Portugal.

From a community-based survey conducted in Angola, 468 individuals aged 40 to 64 years and not using drug therapy were evaluated according to the World Health Organisation STEPwise Approach to Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance. Using data from tobacco use, blood pressure, blood glucose, and total cholesterol levels, we estimated the 10-year risk of a fatal or nonfatal major cardiovascular event and computed the proportion of untreated participants eligible for pharmacological treatment according to clinical values alone and total cardiovascular risk. The large majority of participants were classified as having a low (<10%) 10-year cardiovascular risk (87. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2532345DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6146561PMC
September 2018
1 Read

Prevalence, Treatment, and Associated Factors of Hypertension in Spain: A Comparative Study between Populations.

Int J Hypertens 2018 14;2018:4851512. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid, Spain.

The prevalence and related factors of hypertensive subjects according to the resident area (rural versus urban) were investigated in two population-based studies from Spain. Medical questionnaires were administered and anthropometrics were measured, using standardized protocols. Hypertension was diagnosed in pharmacology treated subjects or those with blood pressure (BP) ≥140/90 mm Hg. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4851512DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112205PMC
August 2018
1 Read

The MentalPlus® Digital Game Might Be an Accessible Open Source Tool to Evaluate Cognitive Dysfunction in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Exploratory Study.

Int J Hypertens 2018 6;2018:6028534. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Cardiopneumology, Heart Institute, School of medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Cognitive dysfunction with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is well studied. However, there are few comparative studies with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Cognitive dysfunction diagnosis usually demands a long neuropsychological battery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6028534DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106805PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

The Prevalence and Social Determinants of Hypertension among Adults in Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based National Survey.

Int J Hypertens 2018 9;2018:5610725. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Research and Innovation, University of Limpopo, Sovenga 0727, South Africa.

Background: Hypertension is the most significant avoidable cause of morbidity and mortality, yet nationally representative adult data on Indonesia have not been available. The study aimed at assessing the prevalence and determinants of hypertension, including sociodemographic variables, weight status, health behaviour, and psychosocial stress and support risk factors.

Methods: The Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS-5) interviewed and examined in a national population-based cross-sectional study 29965 individuals aged 18 years and older, mean age 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5610725DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106720PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Anxiety and Depression among Hypertensive Outpatients in Afghanistan: A Cross-Sectional Study in Andkhoy City.

Int J Hypertens 2018 1;2018:8560835. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

There is a relationship between mental and physical health. Depression and anxiety are linked with the development of several chronic diseases. The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with anxiety and depression among adult hypertensive outpatients in Afghanistan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8560835DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6093076PMC
August 2018
6 Reads

Using Anthropometric Indicator to Identify Hypertension in Adolescents: A Study in Sarawak, Malaysia.

Int J Hypertens 2018 1;2018:6736251. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Community Medicine & Public Health, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the predictive power of anthropometric indicators and recommend cutoff points to discriminate hypertension among adolescents in Sarawak, Malaysia. A total of 2461 respondents aged 12-17 years participated in this study with mean age of 14.5±1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6736251DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6093054PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Impact of Resistance Exercise under Hypoxia on Postexercise Hemodynamics in Healthy Young Males.

Int J Hypertens 2018 26;2018:1456972. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Graduate School Department of Interdisciplinary Research, University of Yamanashi, Japan.

We investigated the effects of resistance exercise under hypoxia on postexercise hemodynamics in eight healthy young males. The subjects belonged to a track & field club (sprinters, hurdlers, and long jumpers) and engage in regular physical training (1-2 h per day, 3-5 days per week). Each participant performed eight sets of bilateral leg squats with a one-minute interval under normoxia (room air) and hypoxia (13 % FiO). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1456972DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083541PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Clinical, Socioeconomic, and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Blood Pressure Control and Adherence: Results from a Multidisciplinary Cardiovascular National Program Providing Universal Coverage in a Developing Country.

Int J Hypertens 2018 9;2018:5634352. Epub 2018 Jul 9.

School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: Limited information exists on blood pressure (BP) control factors and adherence to antihypertensive drug therapy (Rx) in developing countries.

Methods: Cross-sectional study in randomly selected 992 hypertensive patients under a Chilean national comprehensive Cardiovascular Health Program (CVHP). Association of education, income, diabetes, obesity, physical activity, psychosocial characteristics, smoking, and alcohol abuse with BP control and adherence were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5634352DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077571PMC
July 2018
1 Read

A Theory-Based Self-Care Intervention with the Application of Health Literacy Strategies in Patients with High Blood Pressure and Limited Health Literacy: A Protocol Study.

Int J Hypertens 2018 4;2018:4068538. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of a theory-based self-care intervention with the application of health literacy strategies in patients with high blood pressure and limited health literacy. This is a randomized controlled trial, with measurements at baseline and 1 and 3 months follow-up. 100 patients with high blood pressure and limited health literacy will be randomly allocated to either an intervention group or a usual care control group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4068538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077648PMC
July 2018
1 Read

Sociodemographic Characteristics, Dietary Practices, and Nutritional Status of Adults with Hypertension in a Semi-Rural Community in the Eastern Region of Ghana.

Int J Hypertens 2018 18;2018:2815193. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Ghana, P.O. Box LG 134, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Introduction: Hypertension is a major contributor to the global disease burden and mortality. Evidence suggests increasing hypertension prevalence in Ghana but there is limited public awareness and information on the characteristics of those with the disease.

Objective: To describe the baseline characteristics of adults with hypertension who were randomized to receive either hypertension related nutrition education plus hospital-based standard of care or only the standard of care (control group) in Asesewa, a semi-rural community in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2018/2815193/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2815193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6077611PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Prevalence of Primary Hypertension and Risk Factors in Grade XII Learners in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.

Int J Hypertens 2018 2;2018:3848591. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Nephrology, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, School of Health Science, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Congella, Durban 4013, South Africa.

Hypertension in childhood leads to hypertension in adult life, the strongest risk factor being obesity. This study determined the prevalence of primary hypertension and its risk factors in Grade XII learners in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, from March 2016 to June 2017. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), random finger prick cholesterol and glucose, and spot urine for an albumin : creatinine ratio were measured. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3848591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051133PMC
July 2018
7 Reads

Predictors of Noncompliance to Antihypertensive Therapy among Hypertensive Patients Ghana: Application of Health Belief Model.

Int J Hypertens 2018 19;2018:4701097. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Molecular Medicine, School of Medical Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana.

This study determined noncompliance to antihypertensive therapy (AHT) and its associated factors in a Ghanaian population by using the health belief model (HBM). This descriptive cross-sectional study conducted at Kintampo Municipality in Ghana recruited a total of 678 hypertensive patients. The questionnaire constituted information regarding sociodemographics, a five-Likert type HBM questionnaire, and lifestyle-related factors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4701097DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6029446PMC
June 2018
4 Reads

Epidemiology of Hypertensive State among Chinese Migrants: Effects of Unaffordable Medical Care.

Authors:
Ming Guan

Int J Hypertens 2018 29;2018:5231048. Epub 2018 May 29.

Family Issues Center, Xuchang University, Road Bayi 88, Xuchang, Henan, China.

Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Affordability of medical care affects hypertension prevention, treatment, and control, but limited information is available for Chinese migrants with hypertensive state. Using Longitudinal Survey on Rural Urban Migration in China 2009 data, 2468 Chinese migrants reported hypertensive status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5231048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996430PMC
May 2018
7 Reads

Blood Pressure and Its Association with Gender, Body Mass Index, Smoking, and Family History among University Students.

Int J Hypertens 2018 29;2018:4186496. Epub 2018 May 29.

The University of Jordan, Queen Rania Street, Amman 11942, Jordan.

Hypertension is one of the major risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases. In this study, we will assess the frequency of hypertension among healthy university students and its association with gender, body mass index, smoking, and family history of both hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. We screened healthy university students ranging from 18 to 26 years of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4186496DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5996434PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Beneficial Role of Mg in Prevention and Treatment of Hypertension.

Int J Hypertens 2018 11;2018:9013721. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, Department Physiology and Biophysics, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106-4970, USA.

Hypertension constitutes one of the most widespread pathological conditions in developed and developing countries. Currently, more than 1 billion people worldwide are affected by the condition, either as frank hypertension or as prehypertension, raising the risk for major long-term complications and life-threatening pathologies. The costs in terms of health care services, medications for the treatment of hypertension and its complications, and associated loss in productivity represent a major economic burden for the various countries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9013721DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016150PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

Carotid Intima Media Thickness Reference Intervals for a Healthy Argentinean Population Aged 11-81 Years.

Int J Hypertens 2018 14;2018:8086714. Epub 2018 Feb 14.

Instituto de Medicina Traslacional, Trasplante y Bioingeniería (IMETTyB), Universidad Favaloro-CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Reference intervals (RIs) of carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) from large healthy population are still lacking in Latin America. The aim of this study was to determine CIMT RIs in a cohort of 1012 healthy subjects from Argentina. We evaluated if RIs for males and females and for left and right carotids were necessary. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8086714DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5832113PMC
February 2018
5 Reads

Comparative Evaluation of Adiposity Indices as Predictors of Hypertension among Brazilian Adults.

Int J Hypertens 2018 5;2018:8396570. Epub 2018 Jun 5.

Mauá Institute of Research and Education, Vicente Pires, Federal District, Brazil.

Purpose: To compare several anthropometric indices in the prediction of hypertension among adults.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Five hundred and eighteen adult men and women (40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8396570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6009023PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

Designing a Cocreated Intervention with African American Older Adults for Hypertension Self-Management.

Int J Hypertens 2018 3;2018:7591289. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106-4904, USA.

Hypertension is a lifelong disease that requires self-management. Additionally, there are disparities in hypertension self-management that disproportionately affect African Americans. Interventions designed in collaboration with older adults have the potential to improve hypertension self-management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7591289DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008811PMC
June 2018
1 Read

S-Amlodipine: An Isomer with Difference-Time to Shift from Racemic Amlodipine.

Int J Hypertens 2018 20;2018:8681792. Epub 2018 May 20.

NRS Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Calcium channel blockers are among the first-line drugs for treatment of hypertension (HTN). S-amlodipine (S-AM), an S-enantiomer of amlodipine, is available in India and in other countries like China, Korea, Russia, Ukraine, and Nepal. Being clinically researched for nearly two decades, we performed in-depth review of S-AM. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8681792DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985099PMC
May 2018
6 Reads

Racial/Ethnic, Nativity, and Sociodemographic Disparities in Maternal Hypertension in the United States, 2014-2015.

Int J Hypertens 2018 17;2018:7897189. Epub 2018 May 17.

Office of Health Equity, Health Resources and Services Administration, US Department of Health and Human Services, 5600 Fishers Lane, Rockville, MD 20857, USA.

This study examines racial/ethnic, nativity, and sociodemographic variations in the prevalence of maternal hypertension in the United States. The 2014-2015 national birth cohort data ( = 7,966,573) were modeled by logistic regression to derive unadjusted and adjusted differentials in maternal hypertension consisting of both pregnancy-related hypertension and chronic hypertension. Substantial racial/ethnic differences existed, with prevalence of maternal hypertension ranging from 2. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7897189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985132PMC
May 2018
28 Reads

Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment, and Control of Hypertension and Its Risk Factors in (Central) Vietnam.

Int J Hypertens 2018 16;2018:6326984. Epub 2018 May 16.

Department of Family Medicine and Chronic Care, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: The objective of this study is to describe the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and its associated risk factors in (Central) Vietnam.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a multistage sampling was used to select 969 participants from the general population aged from 40 to 69 years. The cardiovascular risk factors were collected throughout the interviews with a standardized questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6326984DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5977008PMC
May 2018
2 Reads

A New Lebanese Medication Adherence Scale: Validation in Lebanese Hypertensive Adults.

Int J Hypertens 2018 20;2018:3934296. Epub 2018 May 20.

Department of Epidemiology and biostatistics, Faculty of Public Health, Lebanese University, Fanar, Lebanon.

Background: A new Lebanese scale measuring medication adherence considered socioeconomic and cultural factors not taken into account by the eight-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8). were to validate the new adherence scale and its prediction of hypertension control, compared to MMAS-8, and to assess adherence rates and factors.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study, including 405 patients, was performed in outpatient cardiology clinics of three hospitals in Beirut. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3934296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985068PMC
May 2018
4 Reads

Factors Influencing Compliance and Health Seeking Behaviour for Hypertension in Mukono and Buikwe in Uganda: A Qualitative Study.

Int J Hypertens 2018 26;2018:8307591. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Primary and Interdisciplinary Care, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background And Methods: Hypertension is a global public health challenge and a leading risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Hypertension control rates are low worldwide, and delay in seeking care is associated with increased mortality.

Methods: In a qualitative study, known hypertensive patients were interviewed to explore factors influencing compliance and health seeking behaviour (HSB). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8307591DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5944291PMC

Sedentary Lifestyle and Hypertension in a Periurban Area of Mbarara, South Western Uganda: A Population Based Cross Sectional Survey.

Int J Hypertens 2018 6;2018:8253948. Epub 2018 May 6.

Department of Community Health, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda.

Introduction: Globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes constitute over 50% of the noncommunicable disease (NCD) burden and projections indicate Sub-Saharan Africa will experience a larger burden. Urbanization on the continent is contributing to the change in lifestyle such as diet and physical activity, which may increase the risk for CVDs. There is lack of sufficient data from the African continent on hypertension and its association with sedentary lifestyle. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijhy/2018/8253948/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8253948DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5960550PMC
May 2018
16 Reads

Blood Pressure and Haematological Indices in Twelve Communities in Ashanti, Ghana.

Int J Hypertens 2018 5;2018:5952021. Epub 2018 Apr 5.

Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, Coventry CV4 &AL, UK.

Hypertension is the most important risk factor for cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa. In western populations, high haemoglobin levels are associated with raised BP unlike in Sub-Saharan Africa where there is a paucity of data. Our study examines the association between haematological indices with BP variables. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5952021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5907475PMC
April 2018
3 Reads

Impaired Glucose Metabolism Is Associated with Visit-to-Visit Blood Pressure Variability in Participants without Cardiovascular Disease.

Int J Hypertens 2018 23;2018:5126270. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Hiroshima University Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima, Japan.

We evaluated data from 10,088 participants without cardiovascular disease (CVD) who underwent 75 g oral glucose tolerance tests and had more than four visits during the first 5 years following the test to investigate the association between impaired glucose metabolism and visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability. Participants were classified into groups of normal glucose tolerance (NGT), impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and diabetes. Visit-to-visit BP variability was estimated for each individual using standard deviation (SD) and coefficients of variation (CV, defined as SD/mean). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5126270DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937446PMC
April 2018
31 Reads

The Association between Intradialytic Hypertension and Metabolic Disorders in End Stage Renal Disease.

Int J Hypertens 2018 4;2018:1681056. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, General Hospital "Laïko", Athens, Greece.

Background: Intradialytic hypertension was associated with a high mortality risk. We examined the relationship between intradialytic hypertension and metabolic disorders in hemodialysis treatment patients.

Methods: We studied 76 patients in online hemodiafiltration. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1681056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5904818PMC

Reference Intervals of Central Aortic Blood Pressure and Augmentation Index Assessed with an Oscillometric Device in Healthy Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults from Argentina.

Int J Hypertens 2018 23;2018:1469651. Epub 2018 Apr 23.

Instituto de Medicina Traslacional, Trasplante y Bioingeniería (IMTTyB), Universidad Favaloro, CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Age-related reference intervals (RIs) of central (aortic) systolic blood pressure (cSBP) and augmentation index (cAIx) obtained from large healthy population are lacking in Argentina (South America). To analyze the existence of associations among cSBP and cAIx with demographic, anthropometric, and hemodynamic parameters and to generate percentile curves and RIs adjusted to each level of age and gender and/or body height. cSBP and cAIx were measured in 1038 healthy children, adolescents, and young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1469651DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5937421PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Cardiovascular Risk Factors in a Suburban Community in Nigeria.

Int J Hypertens 2018 1;2018:6898527. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Department of Biochemistry, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria.

The burden of hypertension, a silent killer, continues to increase in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated blood pressure (BP) in healthy adults to determine their risk of developing hypertension and to reduce associated morbidity of the disease. Overall, 182 subjects aged >16 years participated in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6898527DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5899850PMC
April 2018
1 Read

Factors Predicting Self-Care Behaviors among Low Health Literacy Hypertensive Patients Based on Health Belief Model in Bushehr District, South of Iran.

Int J Hypertens 2018 13;2018:9752736. Epub 2018 Feb 13.

Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

The aim of this study was to determine the factors influencing adherence to self-care behaviors among low health literacy hypertensive patients based on health belief model. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 152 hypertensive patients with low health literacy. Patients with limited health literacy were identified by S-TOFHLA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9752736DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5893004PMC
February 2018
1 Read

Doctors' Knowledge of Hypertension Guidelines Recommendations Reflected in Their Practice.

Int J Hypertens 2018 12;2018:8524063. Epub 2018 Mar 12.

Department of Pharmacy, The Islamia University, Bahawalpur, Pakistan.

Aim: To evaluate doctors' knowledge, attitude, and practices and predictors of adherence to Malaysian hypertension guidelines (CPG 2008).

Methods: Twenty-six doctors involved in hypertension management at Penang General Hospital were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Doctors' knowledge and attitudes towards guidelines were evaluated through a self-administered questionnaire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8524063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5867602PMC
March 2018
2 Reads

A Proposed Middle-Range Theory of Nursing in Hypertension Care.

Authors:
Eva Drevenhorn

Int J Hypertens 2018 22;2018:2858253. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Nursing in hypertension care comprises counselling about lifestyle changes, blood pressure measurement, and being a translator for the physician. For the patient, changing lifestyle means performing self-care. As not much in the form of research and guidelines for nurses is available, a middle-range theory of nursing in hypertension care was developed to guide nurses in their practice, in order to improve the nursing of patients and design studies for investigating nursing in hypertension care. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2858253DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5842681PMC
February 2018