133,844 results match your criteria Insulin Resistance

Copper exposure association with prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and insulin resistance among US adults (NHANES 2011-2014).

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 May 4;218:112295. Epub 2021 May 4.

The Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, National Health Commission, PR China; Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, PR China; The NHC Key Laboratory of Drug Addiction Medicine, Kunming Medical University, Kunming 650032, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Excessive copper (Cu) has risky effect on insulin resistance (IR), oxidative stress and inflammation. Instead, some studies reported serum Cu to be protective for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to reevaluate the evidence for a potential risky correlation of serum Cu to NAFLD in large-scale and non-institutionalized American subjects. Read More

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Association between metabolic syndrome and Behçet's disease: A nationwide population-based study.

J Dermatol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Dermatology, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is characterized by insulin resistance, high blood pressure/sugar, dyslipidemia, and obesity. Whether MetS and its components affect the development of Behçet's disease (BD) remains unclear. This study was performed to investigate the associations between metabolic syndrome and risk of BD using nationwide population data. Read More

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Metabolic syndrome and Growth Differentiation Factor 15 in older adults.

Geroscience 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/Idipaz, Calle del Arzobispo Morcillo 4, 28029, Madrid, Spain.

Growth Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF-15) is a cytokine produced in response to tissue injury and inflammatory states that may capture distinct pathways between the risk factors aggregated within metabolic syndrome (MS) and the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. This work aims to study the association of MS and its components with GDF-15 among older adults, examining the roles of body fat distribution, glucose metabolism, and inflammation. Data were taken from the Seniors-ENRICA-2 study in Spain, which included 1938 non-institutionalized individuals aged ≥65 years free of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Read More

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Antidiabetic activities of glycoprotein from pea ( L.) in STZ-induced diabetic mice.

Food Funct 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

College of Engineering/National R&D Center for Chinese Herbal Medicine Processing, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 211198, China.

Polysaccharides have hypoglycemic activity and pea protein has high nutritional value. The purified pea glycoprotein PGP2 has been shown to inhibit the activity of α-glucosidase and α-amylase in previous studies. To study the mechanism of PGP2-induced blood glucose lowering in vivo, this paper established a diabetic mouse model by intraperitoneal injection of STZ and high-fat diet, and evaluated the blood-glucose-lowering activity of the pea component PGP2 at different doses. Read More

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The Ca -binding protein sorcin stimulates transcriptional activity of the unfolded protein response mediator ATF6.

FEBS Lett 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Section of Cell Biology and Functional Genomics, Department of Metabolism, Digestion & Reproduction, Imperial College London, UK.

Sorcin is a calcium-binding protein involved in maintaining endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca stores. We have previously shown that overexpressing sorcin under the rat insulin promoter was protective against high fat diet-induced pancreatic beta cell dysfunction in vivo. Activating Transcription Factor 6 (ATF6) is a key mediator of the unfolded protein response (UPR) that provides cellular protection during the progression of ER stress. Read More

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Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Cardiovascular and Glycemic Biomarkers.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 May 7:e017727. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Internal Medicine University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas TX.

Background Experimental and observational studies have suggested a link between vitamin D and cardiovascular and metabolic disease, but this has not been confirmed in randomized controlled trials. We sought to determine whether vitamin D supplementation reduces biomarkers of insulin resistance, inflammation, neurohormonal activation, and lipids. Methods and Results This was a prespecified, secondary analysis of the DAYLIGHT (Vitamin D Therapy in Individuals at High Risk of Hypertension) randomized controlled trial. Read More

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Effect of exercise on cardiometabolic health of adults with overweight or obesity: Focus on blood pressure, insulin resistance, and intrahepatic fat-A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Obes Rev 2021 May 6:e13269. Epub 2021 May 6.

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital, Department of Nutrition, Institute of Cardiometabolism and Nutrition, Sorbonne University, Paris, France.

This systematic review examined the impact of exercise intervention programs on selected cardiometabolic health indicators in adults with overweight or obesity. Three electronic databases were explored for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that included adults with overweight or obesity and provided exercise-training interventions. Effects on blood pressure, insulin resistance (homeostasis model of insulin resistance, HOMA-IR), and magnetic resonance measures of intrahepatic fat in exercise versus control groups were analyzed using random effects meta-analyses. Read More

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Saffron improves life and sleep quality, glycemic status, lipid profile and liver function in diabetic patients: A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 7:e14334. Epub 2021 May 7.

Nutrition Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a metabolic disorder that is related to hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and liver dysfunction and has detrimental effects on a patient's mental health. Hence, the current study investigated the effects of saffron supplementation on dietary intake, anthropometric measures, mood, sleep quality, and metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese patients with T2D.

Methods: In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 70 overweight/obese patients with T2D were randomly allocated to two groups and received 100 mg/day saffron or placebo for eight weeks. Read More

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Diet Quality and Visceral Adiposity among a Multiethnic Population of Young, Middle, and Older Aged Adults.

Curr Dev Nutr 2020 Jun 26;4(6):nzaa090. Epub 2020 May 26.

University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, HI.

Background: Visceral adiposity, more so than overall adiposity, is associated with chronic disease and mortality. There has been, to our knowledge, little research exploring the association between diet quality and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) among a mulitethnic population aged 18-80 y.

Objective: The primary objective of this cross-sectional analysis was to examine the association between diet quality [Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) scores] and VAT among a multiethnic population of young, middle, and older aged adults in the United States. Read More

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Assessment of Patients with Periorbital Melanosis for Hyperinsulinemia and Insulin Resistance.

Indian Dermatol Online J 2021 Mar-Apr;12(2):244-249. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Dermatology, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.

Background: Periorbital melanosis (PM) is one of the most common dermatological condition seen in routine practice. Several cutaneous markers such as acanthosis nigricans have been associated with insulin resistance (IR). However, the association of PM with IR needs to be substantiated. Read More

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The Links of Ghrelin to Incretins, Insulin, Glucagon, and Leptin After Bariatric Surgery.

Front Genet 2021 20;12:612501. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Center for Immunology and Cellular Biotechnology, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, Kaliningrad, Russia.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the most prominent and socially significant problems. The present study aimed to identify the mechanisms of interaction of critical regulators of carbohydrate metabolism using bioinformatics and experimental methods and to assess their influence on the development of T2DM. We conducted an search for the relationship of hormones and adipokines and performed functional annotation of the receptors for ghrelin and incretins. Read More

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Body Adiposity, But Not Elements of Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior or Physical Activity, Is Associated With Circulating Liver Enzymes in Adults With Overweight and Obesity.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:655756. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Objective: We studied the associations between accelerometer-measured sedentary behavior (SB) and habitual physical activity (PA) as well as markers of body adiposity and other cardiometabolic risk factors with liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT).

Methods: A total of 144 middle-aged adults (mean age 57 (SD 6.5) years) with overweight or obesity (mean body mass index [BMI] 31. Read More

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Does bariatric surgery improve cardiac autonomic modulation assessed by heart rate variability? A systematic review.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Autonomic Nervous System Center, Sao Paulo State University, Marilia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Our study aimed to explore the influence of bariatric surgery (BS) on heart rate (HR) variability (HRV) through a systematic review. Manuscripts were selected based on electronic searches of the MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases from the inception of each database up to year 2020, and followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) protocol. Searching of these studies was systematized using the Population Intervention Comparison Outcome Study Design strategy. Read More

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The association between insulin sensitivity indices, ECG findings and mortality: a 40-year cohort study.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2021 May 6;20(1):97. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Type 2 Diabetes is a major risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) mortality. Insulin resistance can be evaluated non-invasively by insulin sensitivity indices (ISI) such as the Mcauley index (MCAi), which is a function of the fasting insulin and triglycerides. Currently, the association between ISIs and ECG findings and all-cause and CV mortality is still not established in a large scale and heterogeneous population. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of inflammatory parameters and substitute insulin resistance indices in elderly women with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Exp Gerontol 2021 May 3:111389. Epub 2021 May 3.

Graduate Program of Health Sciences and Technologies - PGCTS, University of Brasilia (UnB), Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil.

Purpose: To analyze the influence of inflammatory parameters and substitute insulin resistance indices on the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) development in elderly women, as well as to compare anthropometric measures and metabolic parameters according to the presence of type 2 DM and HbA1c levels.

Patients And Methods: One hundred and twenty elderly women (67.9 ± 6. Read More

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In silico network pharmacology and in vivo analysis of berberine-related mechanisms against type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 May 3:114180. Epub 2021 May 3.

Endocrinology Department, Affiliated Hospital to Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, Jilin, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Berberine (BBR), extracted from the traditional medicinal plant Coptis chinensis Franch., has been widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications.

Aim Of The Study: To determine the potential pharmacological mechanisms underlying BBR therapeutic effect on T2DM and its complications by in silico network pharmacology and experimental in vivo validation. Read More

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Retinol-binding protein 4 in obesity and metabolic dysfunctions.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2021 May 3:111312. Epub 2021 May 3.

Helmholtz Institute for Metabolic, Obesity and Vascular Research (HI-MAG) of the Helmholtz Zentrum München at the University of Leipzig and University Hospital Leipzig, Germany; Medical Department III - Endocrinology, Nephrology, Rheumatology, University of Leipzig Medical Center, Germany.

Excessive increased adipose tissue mass in obesity is associated with numerous co-morbid disorders including increased risk of type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular diseases, dementia, airway disease and some cancers. The causal mechanisms explaining these associations are not fully understood. Adipose tissue is an active endocrine organ that secretes many adipokines, cytokines and releases metabolites. Read More

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Cerebral perfusion alterations in type 2 diabetes mellitus - a systematic review.

Front Neuroendocrinol 2021 May 3:100916. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China; National Clinical Research Center for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to abnormal brain structure and function, increasing the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia. We systematically reviewed the published literature focusing on cerebral perfusion in patients with T2DM. Although no significant difference was found in global cerebral blood flow (CBF) between the T2DM group and the healthy control group, the regional cerebral perfusion in T2DM was significantly reduced in multiple locations, including the occipital lobe, domains involved in the default mode network and the cerebellum. Read More

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Faster lipid β-oxidation rate by acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 inhibition alleviates high-glucose-induced insulin resistance via SIRT1/PGC-1α in human podocytes.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 May 6:e22797. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Nephrology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is becoming a research hotspot in recent years because the prevalence is high and the prognosis is poor. Lipid accumulation in podocytes induced by hyperglycemia has been shown to be a driving mechanism underlying the development of DN. However, the mechanism of lipotoxicity remains unclear. Read More

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Type 2 diabetes is causally associated with reduced serum osteocalcin: A genome-wide association and Mendelian randomization study.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Recent advances indicate that bone and energy metabolism are closely related. However, little direct evidence on causality has been provided in humans. We aimed to assess the association of three bone-related biomarkers 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), parathyroid hormone (PTH) and osteocalcin (OCN) with several metabolic phenotypes, and investigate any causal relevance to the associations using a Mendelian randomization (MR) study. Read More

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Short-term Intensive Insulin as Induction and Maintenance Therapy for the Preservation of Beta-cell Function in early Type 2 Diabetes (RESET IT): A 2-year Randomized Controlled Trial.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Leadership Sinai Centre for Diabetes, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Canada.

Aims: When administered in early T2DM, short-term intensive insulin therapy (IIT) can improve reversible beta-cell dysfunction and induce remission of diabetes, but these effects are not permanent. To preserve beta-cell function, we have previously suggested that "induction" IIT should be followed by a "maintenance therapy", such as metformin. Herein, we test the hypothesis that the addition of periodic courses of short-term IIT could enhance the effect of metformin maintenance therapy on preservation of beta-cell function following induction IIT. Read More

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Decreased muscle-derived musclin by chronic resistance exercise is associated with improved insulin resistance in rats with type 2 diabetes.

Physiol Rep 2021 May;9(9):e14823

Faculty of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kusatsu, Shiga, Japan.

Chronic resistance exercise induces improved hyperglycemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Musclin, a muscle-derived secretory factor, is involved in the induction of insulin resistance via the downregulation of the glucose transporter-4 (GLUT-4) signaling pathway in skeletal muscles. However, whether musclin affects the mechanism of resistance exercise remains unclear. Read More

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Subclinical hypothyroidism contributes to poor glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and ellagic acid attenuates methimazole-induced abnormal glucose metabolism in mice model.

J Food Biochem 2021 May 5:e13753. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Endocrinology, ShanXi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) as mild thyroid disorder or comorbidity in patients with endocrine disorders is closely related with insulin resistance (IR) and poor glycemic control. The present study attempted to investigate the effect of SCH on IR and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In addition, the effects of ellagic acid (EA) on SCH C57BL/6J and db/db mice were also investigated to explore potential therapeutic drug against SCH-induced abnormal glucose metabolism. Read More

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Pharmacological Inhibition of Insulin Growth Factor-1 Receptor (IGF-1R) Alone or in Combination With Ruxolitinib Shows Therapeutic Efficacy in Preclinical Myeloproliferative Neoplasm Models.

Hemasphere 2021 May 30;5(5):e565. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany.

Even after development of the JAK1/JAK2 inhibitor ruxolitinib, myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) patients require novel therapeutic options. While ruxolitinib can considerably improve quality of life and prolong survival, it does not modify the natural disease course in most patients. Moreover, resistance develops with prolonged use. Read More

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Comparison of Cell-Free Extracts from Three Newly Identified Strains on the Inhibitory Effect of Adipogenic Differentiation and Insulin Resistance in 3T3-L1 Adipocytes.

Biomed Res Int 2021 15;2021:6676502. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Cellular Reprogramming and Embryo Biotechnology Laboratory, Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.

Obesity and associated metabolic disorders, including cardiovascular disease and diabetes, are rapidly becoming serious global health problems. It has been reported that () extracts have the beneficial activities of antiobesity and antidiabetes, although few studies have compared the beneficial effects among various extracts. In this study, three new (named LP, LS, and L14) strains were identified, and the antiobesogenic and diabetic effects of their extracts were investigated and compared using 3T3-L1 cells . Read More

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Lettuce-avicularin treatment reverses insulin resistance through stimulation of glycolytic kinases and insulin signaling molecules.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 Feb;24(2):232-239

Deparment of Biochemistry, Imo State University Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Objectives: In order to recommend a more effective approach to manage insulin resistance, we monitored the activities of glycolytic kinases, insulin signaling molecules, and incretin hormones and identified the possible targets related to the insulin-sensitizing effects of combined pharmacological and dietary intervention involving avicularin and lettuce.

Materials And Methods: Insulin resistance was induced in rats with a fructose-rich diet and confirmed from baseline analysis of FBS (>250 mg/dl), insulin (>25 µIU/ml), and HOMA-IR (>10). For 12 weeks, the insulin-resistant rats were treated exclusively with 5000 mg/kg b. Read More

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February 2021

Uterine Insulin Sensitivity Defects Induced Embryo Implantation Loss Associated with Mitochondrial Dysfunction-Triggered Oxidative Stress.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 12;2021:6655685. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

Methods And Results: Herein, a comprehensive proteomic analysis was conducted on proliferative endometria from sows with low and normal reproductive performance (LRP and NRP, respectively). Enrichment analysis of differentially expressed proteins revealed alterations in endometrial remodeling, substance metabolism (mainly lipid, nitrogen, and retinol metabolism), immunological modulation, and insulin signaling in LRP sows. Importantly, aberrant lipid metabolite accumulation and dysregulation of insulin signaling were coincidently confirmed in endometria of LPR sows, proving an impaired insulin sensitivity. Read More

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Use of Network Pharmacology to Explore the Mechanism of Gegen ( Radix) in the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Associated with Hyperlipidemia.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 16;2021:6633402. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Cardiology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Rapid increases in metabolic disorders, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hyperlipidemia, are becoming a substantial challenge to worldwide public health. Traditional Chinese medicine has a long history and abundant experience in the treatment of diabetes and hyperlipidemia, and Radix (known as Gegen in Chinese) is one of the most prevalent Chinese herbs applied to treat these diseases. The underlying mechanism by which Gegen simultaneously treats diabetes and hyperlipidemia, however, has not been clearly elucidated to date. Read More

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Early Exposure to High-Sucrose Diet Leads to Deteriorated Ovarian Health.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 19;12:656831. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Laboratory of Experimental Physiology, Department of Physiological Sciences, Biological and Health Sciences Centre, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Brazil.

Background: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is correlated with disorders of the reproductive system, such as the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). While consumption of a diet rich in carbohydrates is linked to the development of MetS, it is still unclear if this diet leads to ovarian dysfunction and PCOS.

Objectives: We investigated the influence of a high-sucrose diet (HSD) on the ovarian milieu of Wistar rats and studied the correlation between high consumption of sugary drinks and the prevalence of PCOS in women. Read More

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The Mental Status in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Admitted to a Diabetes Clinic After Presenting in the Emergency Room: The Application of the SCL-90 Scale.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 28;14:1833-1840. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Internal Medicine, "Victor Babes" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania.

Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most serious public health problems, involving increasing costs worldwide. The mental state of a person with DM is varied and ever-changing, such as stress, the pressure to always do everything by the book, sadness, anger, and even denial of the disease, all these are feelings patients with DM will experience throughout their life.

Aim: The aim of our study was to assess the presence of mental and psychiatric disorders (anxiety, depressive states, paranoid ideation, phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder) in a group of patients with DM after hospitalization in the Clinic for Diabetes, Nutrition, and Metabolic Diseases, for various exacerbations of the underlying condition, looking for possible correlations with other cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

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