681 results match your criteria Insights into imaging[Journal]


Imaging of hip and thigh muscle injury: a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 15;10(1):20. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Pediatric Radiology and Neuroradiology, University Medical Center Rostock, Ernst-Heydemann-Str. 6, 18057, Rostock, Germany.

Muscle injuries of the hip and thigh are a highly relevant issue in competitive sports imaging. The gold standard in diagnostic imaging of muscle injuries is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Radiologists need to be familiar with typical MRI findings in order to accurately detect and classify muscle injuries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0702-1DOI Listing
February 2019

Pathology of the carotid space.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 15;10(1):21. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, P.O. Box 648, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

The complex anatomy of the carotid space within a small confined area is unique to the head and neck and allows for a vast array of pathology. This paper will review the anatomy of the carotid space from the skull base to the thorax, defining its borders at multiple levels, as well as its contents. The paper will also describe the myriad of mass lesions and vascular pathologies that may occur within the carotid space. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0704-zDOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Response evaluation after neoadjuvant treatment for rectal cancer using modern MR imaging: a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 13;10(1):15. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Radiology, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek - Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

In recent years, neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) has become the standard of care for patients with locally advanced rectal cancer. Until recently, patients routinely proceeded to surgical resection after CRT, regardless of the response. Nowadays, treatment is tailored depending on the response to chemoradiotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0706-xDOI Listing
February 2019

Pathophysiology of right ventricular failure in acute pulmonary embolism and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension: a pictorial essay for the interventional radiologist.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 13;10(1):18. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Radiology Department, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Ave, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Pulmonary embolus (PE) is the third most common cause of cardiovascular death with more than 600,000 cases occurring in the USA per year. About 45% of patients with acute PE will have acute right ventricular failure, and up to 3.8% of patients will develop chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) with progressive, severe, chronic heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0695-9DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Role of MRI in staging and follow-up of endometrial and cervical cancer: pitfalls and mimickers.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 13;10(1):19. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Clinical Radiology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, UK.

MRI plays important roles in endometrial and cervical cancer assessment, from detection to recurrent disease evaluation. Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common malignant tumor of the female genital tract in Western countries. EC patients are divided into risk categories based on histopathological tumor type, grade, and myometrial invasion depth. Read More

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https://insightsimaging.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0696-8DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Interventional radiology in European radiology departments: a joint survey from the European Society of Radiology (ESR) and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE).

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Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 13;10(1):16. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Objectives: To gather information from radiological departments in Europe about the organization and practice of interventional radiology (IR).

Methods: The European Society of Radiology (ESR) and the Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) developed an online survey with questions that addressed the organization of IR within radiology departments. The survey was sent to 1180 addresses of department heads throughout Europe. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0698-6DOI Listing
February 2019

Can the imaging manifestations of melioidosis prognosticate the clinical outcome? A 6-year retrospective study.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 13;10(1):17. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632004, India.

Objective: Melioidosis being an important cause of community-acquired sepsis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei in the tropical and subtropical countries, is often underreported or misinterpreted on imaging investigations. We aim to describe the spectrum of imaging manifestations of melioidosis and to evaluate its role in prognosticating clinical outcome, and look for association of specific organ involvement with risk factors.

Methods: From January 2011 to October 2017, retrospective analysis of imaging investigations of 189 consecutive patients with culture-proven melioidosis was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0708-8DOI Listing
February 2019

Percutaneous consolidation of bone metastases: strategies and techniques.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 6;10(1):14. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Interventional Radiology, Nouvel Hôpital Civil (Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg), 1 Place de l'Hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France.

Patients with cancer can present with bone metastases (BM), which are frequently complicated by different types of fractures necessitating prompt management to avoid serious impairment in terms of quality of life and survival.Percutaneous image-guided bone consolidation has rapidly emerged as an alternative to surgical fixation and is mainly reserved for patients who are deemed unfit for surgical management. Two percutaneous techniques, osteoplasty and osteosynthesis, are available and are selected based on the biomechanics of the target bones as well as the fracture types. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0709-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365313PMC
February 2019

Dural masses: meningiomas and their mimics.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 6;10(1):11. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Neuroradiology, St Bartholomew's and the Royal London Hospitals, Whitechapel, London, E1 1BB, UK.

Meningiomas are the most common dural tumour. They are regularly being seen as an incidental finding on brain imaging and treated conservatively. However, there are many other dural masses which mimic their appearances, including primary neoplastic processes, metastases, granulomatous diseases and infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0697-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365311PMC
February 2019
9 Reads

Correction to: A panorama of radial nerve pathologies- an imaging diagnosis: a step ahead.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 6;10(1). Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, SMS Medical College and Attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

The original article [1] contained an omission in authorship detail; authors Aakanksha Agarwal and Abhishek Chandra are instead joint first authors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0699-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365309PMC
February 2019

Is the diagnostic radiological image an underutilised resource? Exploring the literature.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 6;10(1):13. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Imperial College London, London, UK.

The number of diagnostic imaging examinations being undertaken in the UK is rising. Due to the expensive nature of producing these examinations and the risks associated with exposing living tissue to the ionising radiation used by many of the imaging techniques, this growth comes with both a financial and a human cost.In a time of limited resources, it is important that we are able to maximise the benefits which we extract from these resources. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0707-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365312PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Significant incidental cardiac disease on thoracic CT: what the general radiologist needs to know.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 6;10(1):10. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Radiology, Division of Cardiothoracic Radiology, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.

Objective: Incidental cardiac findings are often found on chest CT studies, some of which may be clinically significant. The objective of this pictorial review is to illustrate and describe the appearances and management of the most frequently encountered significant cardiac findings on non-electrocardiographically gated thoracic CT. Most radiologists will interpret multidetector chest CT and should be aware of the imaging appearances, significance, and the appropriate next management steps, when incidental significant cardiac disease is encountered on thoracic CT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0693-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365314PMC
February 2019

Thyroglossal duct pathology and mimics.

Insights Imaging 2019 Feb 6;10(1):12. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, P.O. Box 648, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Congenital anterior neck masses comprise a rare group of lesions typically diagnosed in childhood. Most commonly, lesions are anomalies of the thyroglossal duct, namely the thyroglossal duct cyst, along with ectopic thyroid tissue. Although usually suspected based on clinical examination, imaging can confirm the diagnosis, assess the extent, and evaluate for associated complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0694-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365310PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

MRI assessment of hepatocellular carcinoma after locoregional therapy.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 29;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Radiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University and MR Unit of Misr Radiology Center, Cairo, Egypt.

Liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) constitute one of the major causes of morbidity, mortality, and high health care costs worldwide. Multiple treatment options are available for HCC depending on the clinical status of the patient, size and location of the tumor, and available techniques and expertise. Locoregional treatment options are multiple. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0690-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Strategic research agenda for biomedical imaging.

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Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

This Strategic Research Agenda identifies current challenges and needs in healthcare, illustrates how biomedical imaging and derived data can help to address these, and aims to stimulate dedicated research funding efforts.Medicine is currently moving towards a more tailored, patient-centric approach by providing personalised solutions for the individual patient. Innovation in biomedical imaging plays a key role in this process as it addresses the current needs for individualised prevention, treatment, therapy response monitoring, and image-guided surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0684-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352390PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Abdominal applications of ultrasound fusion imaging technique: liver, kidney, and pancreas.

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Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Fusion imaging allows exploitation of the strengths of all imaging modalities simultaneously, eliminating or minimizing the weaknesses of every single modality. Ultrasound (US) fusion imaging provides benefits in real time from both the dynamic information and spatial resolution of the normal US and the high-contrast resolution and wider field of view of the other imaging methods. US fusion imaging can also be associated with the use of different ultrasound techniques such as color Doppler US, elastography, and contrast-enhanced US (CEUS), for better localization and characterization of lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0692-zDOI Listing
January 2019

Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of the female pelvic floor-a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Radiology, Hospital Universitário de São João, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal.

Pelvic floor dysfunctions represent a range of functional disorders that frequently occur in adult women, carrying a significant burden on the quality of life, and its incidence tends to increase attending to the expected aging of the population. Pelvic floor dysfunctions can manifest as incontinence, constipation, and prolapsed pelvic organs. Since pelvic floor weakness is frequently generalized and clinically underdiagnosed, imaging evaluation is of major importance, especially prior to surgical correction. Read More

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https://insightsimaging.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0687-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352388PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Advanced endoscopic interventions on the pancreas and pancreatic ductal system: a primer for radiologists.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Digestive Endoscopy, "Luigi Sacco" University Hospital, Via G.B. Grassi 74, 20157, Milan, Italy.

In recent years, technological advancements including endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guidance and availability of specifically designed stents further expanded the indications and possibilities of interventional endoscopy. Although technically demanding and associated with non-negligible morbidity, advanced pancreatic endoscopic techniques now provide an effective minimally invasive treatment for complications of acute and chronic pancreatitis.Aiming to provide radiologists with an adequate familiarity, this pictorial essay reviews the indications, techniques, results and pre- and post-procedural cross-sectional imaging appearances of advanced endoscopic interventions on the pancreas and pancreatic ductal system. Read More

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https://insightsimaging.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0689-7DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Ultra-high-resolution subtraction CT angiography in the follow-up of treated intracranial aneurysms.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Geert Grooteplein 10, P/O Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

In subtraction CT angiography (CTA), a non-contrast CT acquisition is subtracted from a contrast-enhanced CTA acquisition. Subtraction CTA can be applied in the detection, classification, and follow-up of intracranial aneurysms and is advantageous over conventional angiography because of its non-invasive nature, shorter examination time, and lower costs. Recently, an ultra-high-resolution CT scanner has been introduced in clinical practice offering an in-plane spatial resolution of up to 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0685-yDOI Listing
January 2019

The value of CSF flow studies in the management of CSF disorders in children: a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 28;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Pediatric Radiology section, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Abbasia, Cairo, 11657, Egypt.

CSF flow disorders are frequently encountered in children. The advent of MR technology with the emergence of new pulse sequences allowed better understanding of CSF flow dynamics. In this pictorial review, we aim to conduct a comprehensive review of the MR protocol used to study CSF flow disorders and to discuss the utility of each pulse sequence in the adopted protocol. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0686-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6352391PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Imaging features of adrenal masses.

Insights Imaging 2019 Jan 25;10(1). Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Dipartimento di Biomedicina, Neuroscienze e Diagnostica Avanzata, Università degli studi di Palermo, Via del Vespro 127, 90127, Palermo, Italy.

The widespread use of imaging examinations has increased the detection of incidental adrenal lesions, which are mostly benign and non-functioning adenomas. The differentiation of a benign from a malignant adrenal mass can be crucial especially in oncology patients since it would greatly affect treatment and prognosis. In this setting, imaging plays a key role in the detection and characterization of adrenal lesions, with several imaging tools which can be employed by radiologists. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13244-019-0688-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6349247PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Fibrous dysplasia for radiologists: beyond ground glass bone matrix.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 27;9(6):1035-1056. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Skeletal Disorders and Mineral Homeostasis Section, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institutes of Health, 30 Convent Drive Room 228 MSC 4320, Bethesda, MD, 20892, USA.

Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a congenital disorder arising from sporadic mutation of the α-subunit of the Gs stimulatory protein. Osseous changes are characterised by the replacement and distortion of normal bone with poorly organised, structurally unsound, fibrous tissue. The disease process may be localised to a single or multiple bones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0666-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269335PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Imaging of thoracic hernias: types and complications.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 27;9(6):989-1005. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Imaging Science, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601, Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Thoracic hernias are characterised by either protrusion of the thoracic contents outside their normal anatomical confines or extension of the abdominal contents within the thorax. Thoracic hernias can be either congenital or acquired in aetiology. They can occur at the level of the thoracic inlet, chest wall or diaphragm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0670-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269341PMC
December 2018
3 Reads

Is right-sided ligamentum teres hepatis always accompanied by left-sided gallbladder? Case reports and literature review.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 19;9(6):955-960. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shipai Rd., Beitou District, Taipei, 112, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Right-sided ligamentum teres (RSLT) hepatis is a rare anatomical variant in which the fetal umbilical vein is connected to the right paramedian trunk of the portal vein. Despite its rarity, it is crucial for surgeons and intervention specialists because of its frequent association with intrahepatic vascular and biliary anomalies. Inattention to these anomalies before intervention, especially living-donor liver transplantation, can have life-threatening consequences. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0671-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269334PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Easily detected signs of perineural tumour spread in head and neck cancer.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 16;9(6):1089-1095. Epub 2018 Nov 16.

Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA.

Perineural tumour spread (PNTS) in head and neck oncology is most often caused by squamous cell carcinoma. The most frequently affected nerves are the trigeminal and facial nerves. Up to 40% of patients with PNTS may be asymptomatic. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0672-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0672-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269343PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Radiomics and liquid biopsy in oncology: the holons of systems medicine.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 14;9(6):915-924. Epub 2018 Nov 14.

Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Radiomics is a process of extraction and analysis of quantitative features from diagnostic images. Liquid biopsy is a test done on a sample of blood to look for cancer cells or for pieces of tumourigenic DNA circulating in the blood. Radiomics and liquid biopsy have great potential in oncology, since both are minimally invasive, easy to perform, and can be repeated in patient follow-up visits, enabling the extraction of valuable information regarding tumour type, aggressiveness, progression, and response to treatment. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0657-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0657-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269342PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Radiomics: a critical step towards integrated healthcare.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 12;9(6):911-914. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Radiology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Medical imaging is a vital part of the clinical decision-making process, especially in an oncological setting. Radiology has experienced a great wave of change, and the advent of quantitative imaging has provided a unique opportunity to analyse patient images objectively. Leveraging radiomics and deep learning, there is increased potential for synergy between physicians and computer networks-via computer-aided diagnosis (CAD), computer-aided prediction of response (CARP), and computer-aided biological profiling (CABP). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0669-3
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0669-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269340PMC
December 2018
9 Reads

Brain tumour post-treatment imaging and treatment-related complications.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 8;9(6):1057-1075. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, P.O. Box 648, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA.

Purpose: The imaging of primary and metastatic brain tumours is very complex and relies heavily on advanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Utilisation of these advanced imaging techniques is essential in helping clinicians determine tumour response after initiation of treatment. Many options are currently available to treat brain tumours, and each can significantly alter the brain tumour appearance on post-treatment imaging. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0661-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0661-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269328PMC
December 2018
14 Reads

Common artefacts encountered on images acquired with combined compressed sensing and SENSE.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 8;9(6):1107-1115. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Institut für Radiologie, Kantonsspital Winterthur, Brauerstrasse 15, 8401, Winterthur, Switzerland.

Various techniques have been proposed which aim at scan time reduction and/or at improved image quality by increasing the spatial resolution. Compressed sensing (CS) takes advantage of the fact that MR images are usually sparse in some transform domains and recovers this sparse representation from undersampled data. CS may be combined with parallel imaging such as sensitivity encoding (SENSE), hereafter referred to as Compressed SENSE, to further accelerate image acquisition since both techniques rely on different ancillary information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0668-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269339PMC
December 2018

Breast imaging surveillance after curative treatment for primary non-metastasised breast cancer in non-high-risk women: a systematic review.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 8;9(6):961-970. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Department of Radiology, UZ Leuven, Herestraat 49, Leuven, Belgium.

Objectives: The article summarises the available guidelines on breast imaging surveillance after curative treatment for locoregional breast cancer.

Methods: A systematic review of practice guidelines published from 1 January 2007 to 1 January 2017 was performed according to PRISMA methodology. The search was conducted for the EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane and Centre for Reviews and Dissemination databases. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0667-5
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0667-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269345PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

A panorama of radial nerve pathologies- an imaging diagnosis: a step ahead.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 5;9(6):1021-1034. Epub 2018 Nov 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, SMS Medical College and Attached Hospitals, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

The radial nerve has a long and tortuous course in the upper limb. Injury to the nerve can occur due to a multitude of causes at many potential sites along its course. The most common site of involvement is in the proximal forearm affecting the posterior interosseous branch while the main branch of the radial nerve is injured in fractures of the humeral shaft. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0662-x
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0662-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269333PMC
December 2018
18 Reads

Early cross-sectional imaging following open and laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a primer for radiologists.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 2;9(6):925-941. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department, ASST Santi Paolo e Carlo, Via A di Rudinì 8, 20142, Milan, Italy.

Performed on either an elective or urgent basis, cholecystectomy currently represents the most common abdominal operation due to the widespread use of laparoscopy and the progressively expanded indications. Compared to traditional open surgery, laparoscopic cholecystectomy minimised the duration of hospitalisation and perioperative mortality. Albeit generally considered safe, cholecystectomy may result in adverse outcomes with non-negligible morbidity. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0663-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0663-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269337PMC
December 2018
10 Reads

Neuroimaging in Fabry disease: current knowledge and future directions.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 2;9(6):1077-1088. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University "Federico II", Via Pansini, 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

Fabry disease (FD) is a rare X-linked disorder characterised by abnormal progressive lysosomal deposition of globotriaosylceramide in a large variety of cell types. The central nervous system (CNS) is often involved in FD, with a wide spectrum of manifestations ranging from mild symptoms to more severe courses related to acute cerebrovascular events. In this review we present the current knowledge on brain imaging for this condition, with a comprehensive and critical description of its most common neuroradiological imaging findings. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0664-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0664-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269338PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Pictorial review of the pulmonary vasculature: from arteries to veins.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 31;9(6):971-987. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

Pathology of the pulmonary vasculature involves an impressive array of both congenital and acquired conditions. While some of these disorders are benign, disruption of the pulmonary vasculature is often incompatible with life, making these conditions critical to identify on imaging. Many reviews of pulmonary vascular pathology approach the pulmonary arteries, pulmonary veins and bronchial arteries as individual topics. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0659-5
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0659-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269336PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Phenotypes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. An illustrative review of MRI findings.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 22;9(6):1007-1020. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Cardiology Department, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Servizo Galego de Saúde (SERGAS), Universidade da Coruña, Xubias de Arriba, 84, 15006, A Coruña, Spain.

Objective: The purpose of this article is to review how cardiac MRI provides the clinician with detailed information about the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) phenotypes, assessing its morphological and functional consequences.

Conclusion: An understanding of cardiac MRI manifestations of HCM phenotypes will aid early diagnosis recognition and its functional consequences.

Teaching Points: • The phenotypic variability of HCM expands beyond myocardial hypertrophy, to include morphological and functional manifestations, ranging from subtle anomalies to remodelling of the LV with progressive dilatation and thinning of its wall. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0656-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0656-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269344PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Enteric duplication cysts in children: varied presentations, varied imaging findings.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 11;9(6):1097-1106. Epub 2018 Oct 11.

Paediatric Surgery Department, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain.

Enteric duplication cysts (EDCs) are rare congenital malformations formed during the embryonic development of the digestive tract. They are usually detected prenatally or in the first years of life. The size, location, type, mucosal pattern and presence of complications produce a varied clinical presentation and different imaging findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0660-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269332PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

Imaging presentation of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms.

Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 9;9(6):943-953. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital G.B. Rossi, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (P-NENs) are the second most common solid pancreatic neoplasms. P-NENs have a wide range of imaging features presentations and they can be detected with typical and atypical imaging presentations. Typical and atypical appearances can be explained by pathologic correlations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0658-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269331PMC
December 2018

Differential diagnosis of thickened myocardium: an illustrative MRI review.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 9;9(5):695-707. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Cardiology Department, Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Servizo Galego de Saúde (SERGAS), Universidade da Coruña, Xubias de Arriba, 84, 15006, A Coruña, Spain.

Objectives: The purpose of this article is to describe the key cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features to differentiate hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) phenotypes from other causes of myocardial thickening that may mimic them.

Conclusions: Many causes of myocardial thickening may mimic different HCM phenotypes. The unique ability of cardiac MRI to facilitate tissue characterisation may help to establish the aetiology of myocardial thickening, which is essential to differentiate it from HCM phenotypes and for appropriate management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0655-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206373PMC
October 2018
1 Read

The European Diploma in Radiology (EDiR): investing in the future of the new generations of radiologists.

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Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 5;9(6):905-909. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

This review aims to describe the organisation and the content of the European Diploma in Radiology (EDiR). The EDiR examination is available to radiologists and radiology residents in their last year of training. It certifies that their levels of knowledge and competency are in line with the ESR European Training Curriculum for Radiology (ETC) of the European Society of Radiology (ESR). Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0665-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0665-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269329PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Computed tomography coronary angiography in patients without known coronary artery disease can demonstrate possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 1;9(5):687-694. Epub 2018 Oct 1.

Unit of Radiology, Research Hospital Policlinico San Donato, via Morandi 30, San Donato Milanese, 20097, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: To assess the computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) accuracy for demonstrating possible non-cardiovascular causes of non-acute retrosternal chest pain in patients without known coronary artery disease (CAD) and to correlate CTCA results with the patient management and relief from pain.

Methods: This prospective observational study was approved by the ethical committee. Consecutive patients suffering non-acute chest pain who underwent CTCA and with not known CAD were enrolled and classified as having coronary diseases (CD) or extracardiac diseases (ECD). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0654-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206382PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Radiological review of skull lesions.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 19;9(5):857-882. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY, 14602, USA.

Calvarial lesions are often asymptomatic and are usually discovered incidentally during computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. Calvarial lesions can be benign or malignant. Although the majority of skull lesions are benign, it is important to be familiar with their imaging characteristics and to recognise those with malignant features where more aggressive management is needed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0643-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206383PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Spectrum of lytic lesions of the skull: a pictorial essay.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 19;9(5):845-856. Epub 2018 Sep 19.

Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples "Federico II", Via Pansini, 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

Lytic lesions of the skull include a wide range of diseases, ranging from benign conditions such as arachnoid granulations or vascular lacunae, to aggressive malignant lesions such as lymphomas or metastases. An early and correct characterisation of the nature of the lesion is, therefore, crucial, in order to achieve a fast and appropriate treatment option. In this review, we present the radiological appearance of the most frequent lytic lesions of the skull, describing findings from different imaging modalities (plain X-rays, CT and MRI), with particular attention to diagnostic clues and differential diagnoses. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13244-018-0653-y
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0653-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206388PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Radiology trainees forum survey report on workplace satisfaction, ESR education, mobility and stress level.

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Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 5;9(5):755-759. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Objectives: The Radiology Trainees Forum (RTF) of the European Society of Radiology (ESR) conducted a survey among radiologists in training to gather and evaluate data on workplace satisfaction, ESR educational initiatives, mobility of professionals and stress levels.

Methods: A questionnaire was forwarded to radiologists in training across Europe. The subject of the questionnaire was related to: (1) the working place, (2) safety of the working environment, (3) satisfaction at the working place, (4) familiarity with educational initiatives within the ESR and (5) reasons and motivation for mobility. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0649-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206381PMC
October 2018

The ESR Audit Tool (Esperanto): genesis, contents and pilot.

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Insights Imaging 2018 Dec 5;9(6):899-903. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Clinical audit is a powerful tool to improve patient care, experience and outcome. It consists of measuring a clinical outcome or procedure against predefined standards, identifying differences between current practice and the standards, and changing practice where necessary to facilitate meeting the standards, followed by re-audit (the audit cycle). The recently implemented European Council Basic Safety & Standards (BSS) Directive (2013/59/Euratom) emphasises that carrying out clinical audit is compulsory in the EU "in accordance with national requirements". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0651-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6269330PMC
December 2018

Spectrum of gastrointestinal lesions of neurofibromatosis type 1: a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 4;9(5):661-671. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Radiology Department, Sahloul University Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is one of the most common genetic disorders. Gastrointestinal manifestations of NF-1 are seldom thought of in routine clinical practice and might thus be significantly under-recognised. Their heterogeneous spectrum ranges from localised microscopic proliferative lesions to grossly recognizable mass-forming neurofibromas, neuroendocrine and gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GIST). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0648-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206377PMC
October 2018
2 Reads

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma: a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 4;9(5):683-686. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, 199 Ipswich Rd, Woolloongabba, Brisbane, Queensland, 4102, Australia.

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is a newly described and rare T-cell lymphoma of the breast. Since 2007, there have been 56 cases of confirmed BIA-ALCL in Australia and New Zealand. The incidence is believed to be on the rise as the prevalence of elective breast implantation increases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0652-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206369PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Imaging in Lyme neuroborreliosis.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 4;9(5):833-844. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Sognsvannsveien 20, 0372, Oslo, Norway.

Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a tick-borne spirochetal infection with a broad spectrum of imaging pathology. For individuals who live in or have travelled to areas where ticks reside, LNB should be considered among differential diagnoses when clinical manifestations from the nervous system occur. Radiculitis, meningitis and facial palsy are commonly encountered, while peripheral neuropathy, myelitis, meningoencephalitis and cerebral vasculitis are rarer manifestations of LNB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0646-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206375PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Fasciae of the musculoskeletal system: normal anatomy and MR patterns of involvement in autoimmune diseases.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 29;9(5):761-771. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Radiology - Musculoskeletal Imaging Unit, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc / Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique (IREC), Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.

The fascial system is a three-dimensional continuum of connective tissues present everywhere throughout the body, from the head to the toes and from the skin to the bone. The current article aims to review the normal anatomy of the fasciae of the musculoskeletal system with macroscopic and microscopic correlations and to describe their appearance at MRI in normal subjects and in patients with autoimmune diseases of the musculoskeletal system. KEY POINTS: • The fascial system is a three-dimensional continuum of connective tissues. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0650-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206374PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Ultrasound elastography: compression elastography and shear-wave elastography in the assessment of tendon injury.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 17;9(5):791-814. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Radiology, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal.

Ultrasound elastography (USE) is a recent technology that has experienced major developments in the past two decades. The assessment of the main mechanical properties of tissues can be made with this technology by characterisation of their response to stress. This article reviews the two major techniques used in musculoskeletal elastography, compression elastography (CE) and shear-wave elastography (SWE), and evaluates the studies published on major electronic databases that use both techniques in the context of tendon pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0642-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206379PMC
October 2018
7 Reads

Acute mesenteric ischaemia: a pictorial review.

Insights Imaging 2018 Oct 17;9(5):673-682. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Radiology, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Rua Conceição Fernandes, 4434-502, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

Acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) is an uncommon cause of acute hospital admission with high mortality rates (50-90%) that requires early diagnosis and treatment. With the increase in average life expectancy, AMI represents one of the most threatening abdominal conditions in elderly patients. Untreated, AMI will cause mesenteric infarction, intestinal necrosis, an overwhelming inflammatory response and death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13244-018-0641-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206376PMC
October 2018