7,626 results match your criteria Insect Bites

Clinical effects and factors associated with adverse clinical outcomes of hymenopteran stings treated in a Thai Poison Centre: a retrospective cross-sectional study.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2021 May 7:1-7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To describe clinical effects and outcomes of hymenopteran stings and to explore the non-laboratory factors associated with adverse clinical outcomes, a composite outcome including death, respiratory failure requiring intubation, acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis and hypotension requiring vasopressor use.

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed at the Ramathibodi Poison Center, a poison centre of a tertiary care hospital in Thailand. All cases of hymenopteran sting consultations from January 2015 to June 2019 were consecutively enrolled, and charts were reviewed. Read More

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Granuloma annulare - is it a paraneoplastic condition for malignant lymphoma?

J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Dermatology, Allergology and Venereology, Saarland University Hospital, Homburg/Saar.

In recent years, an association between granuloma annulare and the occurrence of malignant cutaneous lymphomas in the sense of a facultative paraneoplasia has been observed several times. The aim of the present work is to provide an overview of the currently available literature on granuloma annulare as well as an analysis of its association with cutaneous lymphomas. Using the example of two patients with granuloma annulare and associated cutaneous lymphomas, we would like to sensitize clinically active dermatologists and dermatopathologists to the possible association between these two diseases. Read More

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Acute urticaria in children: from pediatric emergency department to allergology consultation at a central hospital.

Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Medical doctor, Allergy Department, Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, EPE, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.

Summary: Acute urticaria is a common condition in the pediatric emergency department (ED) and no data is available in Portugal. We aimed to characterize the prevalence, etiology and management of acute urticaria in children presenting at an ED of a portuguese central hospital and report the follow-up investigation when drug or food allergy was suspected. Retrospective study of clinical records from children admitted to the ED with acute urticaria during one year period. Read More

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Triggering the proboscis extension reflex (PER) in Rhodnius prolixus.

J Insect Physiol 2021 Apr 30:104249. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, UMR 7261 CNRS - University of Tours, Tours, France. Electronic address:

The heat emitted by the host body constitutes a short distance orientation cue for most blood-sucking insects, as is the case of the kissing-bug Rhodnius prolixus. We evaluated here how kissing bugs assess the distance to a warm target, in order to reach it by displaying the Proboscis Extension Reflex (PER). We confronted blind-folded insects to a thermal source either at 35° or at 40°C under both, open- and closed-loop conditions. Read More

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Wound Management Strategy for Treatment of Localized Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Using the TIME Framework.

Wounds 2021 Jan;33(1):E6-E9

Department of Dermatology, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Introduction: The current drugs available for the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) often cause several adverse events, and the risk-benefit ratio is low due to the risk of severe complications. Current treatment recommendations are based on data from areas endemic for leishmaniasis and are not always perfectly applicable, especially in cases of imported CL. Thus, it is crucial to assess the level of severity in each case to provide the most appropriate treatment modality. Read More

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January 2021

[Treatment report of three cases of multiple wasp stings].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr;39(4):310-312

Department of Emergency, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou 325000, China.

From September to November 2019, three patients with Hornet stings were admitted to hospital with acute anaphylaxis and various degrees of organ dysfunction. After hemoperfusion combined with continuous hemodialysis and hormone pulse therapy, 1 patient was successfully treated and 2 patients were not cured. Bee Stings can cause systemic allergic reactions and toxic reactions. Read More

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Inaccuracies in Google's Health-Based Knowledge Panels Perpetuate Widespread Misconceptions Involving Infectious Disease Transmission.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

2Darnall Medical Library, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland.

Google health-based Knowledge Panels were designed to provide users with high-quality basic medical information on a specific condition. However, any errors contained within Knowledge Panels could result in the widespread distribution of inaccurate health information. We explored the potential for inaccuracies to exist within Google's health-based Knowledge Panels by focusing on a single well-studied pathogen, Ebola virus (EBOV). Read More

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Medical care at a mass gathering music festival : Retrospective study over 7 years (2011-2017).

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20/9i, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Knowledge about longitudinal changes in epidemiological data at mass gathering events is sparse. The goal of this study was to determine and compare the type, severity and frequency of illnesses at a large music festival over 7 consecutive years (2011-2017).

Methods: Prospectively collected data from the rescue operation protocols of an Austrian music festival were retrieved and analyzed. Read More

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Epinephrine Auto-Injection After Allergic Reaction Leading to Gas Gangrene of the Leg.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;22:e930889. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pharmacy, Mercy Health - St. Elizabeth Youngstown Hospital, Youngstown, OH, USA.

BACKGROUND Clostridial myonecrosis, also known as gas gangrene, is a highly lethal necrotizing soft tissue infection. While commonly associated with trauma, clostridial myonecrosis may be the result of parenteral injection of medications. Epinephrine is the most commonly reported medication leading to gas gangrene. Read More

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Ethnobotanical Uses, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology of Different Rheum Species (Polygonaceae): A Review.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1308:309-352

Applied Biomedical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Today, there is an increased tendency to use herbal remedies. Rhubarb refers to several species of the genus Rheum L. in the Polygonaceae family. Read More

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Effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with centipede stings: a randomized controlled trial.

Clin Exp Emerg Med 2021 Mar 31;8(1):43-47. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Objective: Centipede stings are a common problem in tropical countries. Current treatment guidelines do not include recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent the associated bacterial infection since no previous study has assessed the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment in patients bitten by centipedes. Thus, this study aimed to compare the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis over placebo for the skin infections that occur after a centipede sting. Read More

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Fighting mosquito bite during a crisis: capabilities of Florida mosquito control districts during the COVID-19 pandemic.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 8;21(1):687. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Anastasia Mosquito Control District, 120 EOC Drive, St. Augustine, FL, 32092, USA.

Background: The stay-at-home orders imposed in early April 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in various states complicated mosquito control activities across the United States (US), and Florida was no exception. Mosquito control programs are the first line of defense against mosquito-borne pathogens. The purpose of this study was to examine the capabilities of Florida mosquito programs to implement key mosquito measures during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown. Read More

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Bedbug salivation patterns during hematophagy in the skin of a mammalian host.

J Insect Physiol 2021 Apr 6;131:104235. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Laboratório de Fisiologia de Insetos Hematófagos, Departamento de Parasitologia/ICB, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Cimex lectularius (Hemiptera:Cimicidae) infestations have increased over the past decades in several parts of the world, constituting a major urban pest with no reversion signs. The impact on human health caused by these insects, commonly known as bedbugs, is associated with their obligatory hematophagous habit. Allergies induced by hematophagous arthropod bites are related to the deposition of salivary molecules in the host tissues. Read More

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Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry method for plasma and intracellular antimony quantification applied to pharmacokinetics of meglumine antimoniate.

Bioanalysis 2021 Apr 8;13(8):655-667. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Médicas, CIDEIM, Cali, Valle del Cauca, Colombia.

A high-throughput method using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was developed and validated for the quantitative analysis of antimony in human plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells from patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis undergoing treatment with meglumine antimoniate. Antimony was digested in clinical samples with 1% tetramethylammonium hydroxide/1% EDTA and indium was used as internal standard. Accuracy, precision and stability were evaluated. Read More

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Are Orienteers Protected Enough against Tick Bites? Estimating Human Exposure to Tick Bites through a Participative Science Survey during an Orienteering Competition.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 18;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

US 1371 Laboratory of Excellence ARBRE, INRAE, Centre INRAE Grand Est-Nancy, F-54280 Champenoux, France.

Mass-participation events in temperate forests are now well-established features of outdoor activities and represent high-risk activities regarding human exposition to tick bites. In this study we used a citizen science approach to quantify the space-time frequency of tick bites and undetected tick bites among orienteers that participated in a 6-day orienteering competition that took place in July 2018 in the forests of Eastern France, and we looked at the use and efficacy of different preventive behaviors. Our study confirms that orienteers are a high-risk population for tick bites, with 62. Read More

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Microsporidial Stromal Keratitis: Epidemiological Features, Slit-Lamp Biomicroscopic Characteristics, and Therapy.

Cornea 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Ophthalmology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX; Houston Eye Associates, Houston, TX; Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX; and Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, and Ophthalmology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York City, NY.

Purpose: Microsporidial stromal keratitis is a rare form of infectious keratitis, with only 7 cases reported in the United States to date. This study was performed to evaluate risk factors, clinical features, and response to therapy.

Methods: A retrospective review of the medical records of all patients diagnosed with microsporidial stromal keratitis seen in the practices of the authors between 1999 and 2020 was performed. Read More

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First report of the presence of Anaplasma marginale in different tissues of the stable-fly Stomoxys calcitrans (Linnaeus, 1758) in Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2021 Jan 13;23:100515. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Departamento de Ciências Farmacêuticas, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro, CEP 23897-000 Seropédica, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Stomoxys calcitrans is a cosmopolitan hematophagous insect with significant veterinary importance. Besides causing great stress with its bites, the fly is a mechanical vector of several pathogens of the most diverse phylogenetic groups to their hosts. The objective of this study was to test for the presence of Anaplasma marginale in stable flies collected at three points inside the campus of the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRRJ), Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Read More

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January 2021

Bienenstich ins Auge!

MMW Fortschr Med 2021 03;163(4):25

FA f. Innere Medizin, München, Deutschland.

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The Effect of Long-lasting Permethrin Impregnated Socks on Tick Bite in Korea.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Feb 22;36(7):e49. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.

Background: The risk of tick-borne diseases is decreased by increasing awareness and knowledge through prevention education. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of long-lasting permethrin impregnated (LLPI) socks for tick bites.

Methods: A randomized open label study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of LLPI socks for prevention of tick bites among 367 adults living in a rural area. Read More

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February 2021

Indigenous knowledge of Rift Valley Fever among Somali nomadic pastoralists and its implications on public health delivery approaches in Ijara sub-County, North Eastern Kenya.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Feb 22;15(2):e0009166. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

CORAF, Dakar, Senegal.

Rift Valley Fever (RVF) is a zoonotic disease whose outbreak results in heavy economic and public health burdens. In East Africa, RVF is mainly experienced in arid and semi-arid areas predominantly inhabited by the pastoralists. These areas experience sudden, dramatic epidemics of the disease at intervals of approximately 10 years, associated with widespread flooding and the resultant swarms of mosquitoes. Read More

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February 2021

Tick bites in Japan.

Masaru Natsuaki

J Dermatol 2021 Apr 15;48(4):423-430. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Dermatology, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Ticks are blood-sucking ectoparasites belonging to the order Acarina, class Arachnida. In Japan, eight genera and 46 species are known. Tick bite patients frequently present to dermatology clinics. Read More

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Mechanisms of DEET gustation in Drosophila.

Insect Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Apr 4;131:103550. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Department of Bio & Fermentation Convergence Technology, Kookmin University, Seoul, 02707, Republic of Korea; Interdisciplinary Program for Bio-Health Convergence, Kookmin University, Seoul, 02707, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

DEET is the most widely used active ingredient in insect repellents and offers protection against insect bites. We previously reported that DEET suppresses the feeding behavior of Drosophila, which is guided by gustatory receptors (GRs) in bitter-sensing gustatory receptor neurons. Here, we sought to identify new candidates using egg-laying assays. Read More

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Clinical manifestation of multiple wasp stings with details of whole transcriptome analysis: Two case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jan;100(4):e24492

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital.

Introduction: Multiple wasp stings is an emergency result from systemic reactions to the toxin with a wide range of manifestations, and we presented 2 patients with distinct clinical and transcriptomic findings.

Patient Concerns: Two patients without systemic disease presented with nearly 90 painful papules after attacked by a swarm of wasps (Vespa basalis).

Diagnosis: Patient 1 was a 44-year-old healthy male whose clinical manifestations mainly comprised hemolysis, hepatic injury, rhabdomyolysis, and acute kidney injury. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence of atopic diseases in children with papular urticaria.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2021 2;49(1):62-67. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Department of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Inonu University, Medical Faculty, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Papular urticaria is a hypersensitivity reaction characterized by chronic and recurrent papular erythema. It occurs as a result of the bites of mosquitoes, fleas, bed bugs, and other insects; and it is generally seen in children. This study examines the prevalence of atopic diseases in patients with papular urticaria. Read More

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January 2021

Deep Vein Thrombosis After a Wild Bee Sting.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Jan 27. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Departments of Pediatric Hematology Pediatrics Pediatric Infectious Disease, Cukurova University Medical Faculty Department of Radiology, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Allergic reactions from insect bites are mostly observed with bee stings. Bee sting reactions can be classified into 3 main headings: local, systemic, and rare reactions. Vascular thrombosis is considered both in rare and systemic reactions. Read More

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January 2021

A Pulsating Leg.

N Engl J Med 2021 Jan;384(4):e8

Sheba Medical Center at Tel Hashomer, Tel Hashomer, Israel

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January 2021

Approach to the Patient with a Skin and Soft Tissue Infection.

Infect Dis Clin North Am 2021 Mar;35(1):1-48

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Blockley Hall 707, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Informatics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

The diagnosis of a skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) requires careful attention to a patient's history, physical examination, and diagnostic test results. We review for many bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic pathogens that cause SSTIs the clues for reaching a diagnosis, including reported past medical history, hobbies and behaviors, travel, insect bites, exposure to other people and to animals, environmental exposures to water, soil, or sand, as well as the anatomic site of skin lesions, their morphology on examination, and their evolution over time. Laboratory and radiographic tests are discussed that may be used to confirm a specific diagnosis. Read More

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Comorbidities and Cofactors of Anaphylaxis in Patients with Moderate to Severe Anaphylaxis. Analysis of Data from the Anaphylaxis Registry for West Pomerania Province, Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 5;18(1). Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Clinical Allergology Department, Pomeranian Medical University (PMU) in Szczecin, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland.

Anaphylaxis is a severe, potentially life-threatening systemic hypersensitivity reaction that is still rarely diagnosed. For safety reasons, patients should visit an allergologist to identify potential causes and cofactors of this reaction. This paper presents the analysis of data from the Anaphylaxis Registry gathered over ten years at the Allergy Clinic, Pomeranian Medical University (PMU). Read More

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January 2021

What's eating you? human flea (Pulex irritans).

Cutis 2020 Nov;106(5):233-235

Department of Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

The human flea, Pulex irritans, is an important vector in the transmission of human diseases. This flea has been identified as a vector for the bubonic plague as far back as the 14th century, causing millions of deaths. Pulex irritans also has been identified as a vector for Bartonella bacteria species, which can cause trench fever. Read More

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November 2020

Insecticide-treated house screening protects against Zika-infected Aedes aegypti in Merida, Mexico.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 01 19;15(1):e0009005. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Department of Environmental Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Background: The integration of house-screening and long-lasting insecticidal nets, known as insecticide-treated screening (ITS), can provide simple, safe, and low-tech Aedes aegypti control. Cluster randomised controlled trials in two endemic localities for Ae. aegypti of south Mexico, showed that ITS conferred both, immediate and sustained (~2 yr) impact on indoor-female Ae. Read More

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January 2021