7,101 results match your criteria Insect Bites


Acute Non-Traumatic Spontaneous Auricular Hematoma.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Feb 16;20:204-206. Epub 2019 Feb 16.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA.

BACKGROUND Auricular hematomas are well-known among wrestlers and other contact sports participants, but spontaneous auricular hematomas are rare. The differential diagnosis for acute spontaneous auricular swelling is limited. In addition to infectious causes, antecedent trauma, and bleeding complications, angioedema should also be considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913464DOI Listing
February 2019

Food-induced IgA Vasculitis (Henoch-Schönlein Purpura).

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 22;5(2):000774. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain.

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) vasculitis is a rare entity in adults. It can be triggered by allergens such as drugs, food, or insect bites. We present a case of an adult male with a cutaneous IgA vasculitis of palpable purpura after eating canned sardines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2017_000774DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346936PMC
February 2018

Acceptability of Aedes aegypti blood feeding on dengue virus-infected human volunteers for vector competence studies in Iquitos, Peru.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2019 Feb 11;13(2):e0007090. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Global Health Systems and Development Department, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

As part of a study to investigate drivers of dengue virus (DENV) transmission dynamics, this qualitative study explored whether DENV-infected residents of Iquitos, Peru, considered it acceptable (1) to participate in direct mosquito feeding experiments (lab-reared Aedes aegypti mosquitoes fed directly on human volunteers) and (2) to provide blood meals indirectly (Ae. aegypti fed on blood drawn from participants by venipuncture). Twelve focus group discussions (FGDs; 94 participants: 82 females and 12 males) were conducted in January 2014 to explore six themes: (1) concerns and preferences regarding direct mosquito feeds and blood draws, (2) comprehension of and misconceptions about study procedures, (3) motivating factors for participation, (4) acceptability of children's participation, (5) willingness to provide multiple samples over several days, and (6) preference for direct feedings in homes versus the study laboratory. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0007090DOI Listing
February 2019

Wilderness Dermatology: Bugs, Plants, and Other Nuisances That May Ruin Your Hike.

R I Med J (2013) 2019 Feb 1;102(1):16-22. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Brown University Department of Dermatology.

Spending time outdoors can be rewarding. However, exposure to the sun, insect bites, and plant exposures may result in a wide range of dermatologic manifestations. In this article, we describe potential cutaneous manifestations of common wilderness exposures in New England including photodermatoses from prolonged sun exposure, phytodermatoses from plant exposures, and arthropod-bite reactions from common insects (mosquitos, spiders, ticks, hymenoptera, mites and chiggers). Read More

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February 2019

Cutaneous eruptions associated with hematologic malignancies: the need for a unifying nomenclature.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2019 Jan 29. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Division of Dermatology, Department of Surgery and Translational Medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

we read with interest the study by Visseaux et al., entitled "T-cell papulosis associated with B-cell malignancies: a distinctive clinicopathologic entity". Herein, the authors reviewed retrospectively 37 patients with B-cell malignancies, mostly B-cells chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL), showing recurrent episodes of pruritic papules, papulo-vesicles or nodules. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jdv.15452DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Common causes of emergency department visits for anaphylaxis in Korean community hospitals: A cross-sectional study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14114

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chuncheon, Korea.

Anaphylaxis can cause death and requires immediate management. For prevention and education programs for anaphylaxis, it is important to be aware of the common triggering factors. We investigated the triggers of anaphylaxis in the emergency departments (EDs) of community hospitals in Korea. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014114DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358383PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Bioabsorption and effectiveness of long-lasting permethrin-treated uniforms over three months among North Carolina outdoor workers.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jan 23;12(1):52. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Background: Vector-borne diseases are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in the USA. Effective, convenient prevention methods are needed. Long-lasting permethrin-impregnated (LLPI) clothing can prevent tick bites, however, additional information is needed on the real-world effectiveness and safety of this preventative measure. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3314-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6343280PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Whole genome sequencing suggests transmission of -caused cutaneous diphtheria in two siblings, Germany, 2018.

Euro Surveill 2019 Jan;24(2)

These authors contributed equally to this paper.

In September 2018, a child who had returned from Somalia to Germany presented with cutaneous diphtheria by toxigenic biovar The child's sibling had superinfected insect bites harbouring also toxigenic . Next generation sequencing (NGS) revealed the same strain in both patients suggesting very recent human-to-human transmission. Epidemiological and NGS data suggest that the two cutaneous diphtheria cases constitute the first outbreak by toxigenic in Germany since the 1980s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2019.24.2.1800683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6337054PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Entomological assessment of the transmission following recrudescence of onchocerciasis in the Comoé Valley, Burkina Faso.

Parasit Vectors 2019 Jan 15;12(1):34. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Ministère de l'Enseignement Supérieur, de la Recherche Scientifique et de l'Innovation, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Direction Régionale de l'Ouest, BP 545, Bobo Dioulasso 01, Burkina Faso.

Background: Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a dermal filariasis caused by infection with the nematode parasite Onchocerca volvulus, transmitted to humans through the bites of blackflies of the genus Simulium. Despite the decade-long West African Regional Programme for the Elimination of Onchocerciasis, involving the mass administration of ivermectin to populations in endemic areas, recrudescence has occurred. An example is in the Cascades Region of south-west Burkina Faso where the resumption of transmission had resulted in infection prevalences of up to 70% in some villages. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-019-3290-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332526PMC
January 2019
1 Read

EAACI position paper: Comparing insect hypersensitivity induced by bite, sting, inhalation or ingestion in human beings and animals.

Allergy 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Comparative Medicine, The Interuniversity Messerli Research Institute of the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Medical University of Vienna and University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Adverse reactions to insects occur in both human and veterinary patients. Systematic comparison may lead to improved recommendations for prevention and treatment in all species. In this position paper, we summarize the current knowledge on insect allergy induced via stings, bites, inhalation or ingestion, and compare reactions in companion animals to those in people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13722DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Variation in the effectiveness of insecticide treated nets against malaria and outdoor biting by vectors in Kilifi, Kenya.

Wellcome Open Res 2017 3;2:22. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Centre for Geographic Medicine Research-Coast, Kilifi, Kenya.

: Insecticide treated nets (ITNs) protect humans against bites from the mosquito vectors that transmit malaria, thereby reducing malaria morbidity and mortality. It has been noted that ITN use leads to a switch from indoor to outdoor feeding among these vectors. It might be expected that outdoor feeding would undermine the effectiveness of ITNs that target indoors vectors, but data are limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/wellcomeopenres.11073.4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6281023.4PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Infectious Disease: Mosquito-Borne Viral Illnesses.

FP Essent 2019 Jan;476:11-17

University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine Department of Family Medicine, 414 E. Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069.

Due to rapid globalization and ease of travel, mosquito-borne viral infections are now a concern for family physicians throughout the United States. Zika virus infection is one such concern. It is spread via mosquito bites or by sexual contact with an infected individual. Read More

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January 2019
1 Read

Host-feeding patterns of Culex mosquitoes in Iran.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 27;11(1):669. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, WHO Collaborating Centre for Arbovirus and Hemorrhagic Fever Reference and Research, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Different mosquito-borne pathogens are circulating in Iran including Sindbis virus, West Nile virus, filarioid worms and malaria parasites. However, the local transmission cycles of these pathogenic agents are poorly understood, especially because ecological data on vector species are scarce and there is limited knowledge about the host range; this understanding could help to direct species-specific vector control measurements or to prioritize research.

Methods: In the summers of 2015 and 2016, blood-fed mosquitoes were collected at 13 trapping sites on the coast of the Caspian Sea in northern Iran and at an additional trapping site in western Iran. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3237-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6307250PMC
December 2018
5 Reads

Before it disappeared: ethnobotanical study of fleagrass (Adenosma buchneroides), a traditional aromatic plant used by the Akha people.

J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2018 Dec 21;14(1):79. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Economic Plants and Biotechnology, Yunnan Key Laboratory for Wild Plant Resources, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 132# Lanhei Road, Kunming, 650201, China.

Background: Fleagrass, Adenosma buchneroides, is an aromatic perennial herb that occupies an important position in the life of the Akha people. They regard it as a tribal symbol and a gift of love. Fleagrass also has many medicinal uses, and there is considerable potential for its development as an insect repellent. Read More

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https://ethnobiomed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1300
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13002-018-0277-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6302443PMC
December 2018
8 Reads

Field evaluation of personal protection methods against outdoor-biting mosquitoes in Lao PDR.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Dec 17;11(1):661. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Protecting people outdoors against mosquito-borne diseases is a major challenge. Here we compared commercially available personal protection methods to identify the most effective method for outdoor use in northern Lao PDR.

Methods: From June to August 2016 the protective efficacy of treatments were compared in a secondary forest during the afternoon and a village during the evening. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3239-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6296151PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Effectiveness of repellent delivered through village health volunteers on malaria incidence in villages in South-East Myanmar: a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised controlled trial protocol.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Dec 14;18(1):663. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: To combat emerging drug resistance in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) the World Health Organization and GMS countries have committed to eliminating malaria in the region by 2030. The overall approach includes providing universal access to diagnosis and treatment of malaria, and sustainable preventive measures, including vector control. Topical repellents are an intervention that can be used to target residual malaria transmission not covered by long lasting insecticide nets and indoor residual spraying. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3566-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295052PMC
December 2018
1 Read
2.613 Impact Factor

Identification and characterization of the causative triatomine bugs of anaphylactic shock in Zhanjiang, China.

Infect Dis Poverty 2018 Dec 11;7(1):127. Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Shenzhen Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shenzhen, 518055, China.

Background: Two health concerns primarily related to triatomine bugs are transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi through infective feces, and allergic reactions induced by triatomine bites. In the Southwestern United States, reduviid bugs bites commonly cause insect allergy. In South China, four cases of anaphylactic shock have been reported after this bite exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0509-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6291942PMC
December 2018

A Fatal Case of Acute Renal Failure From Envenoming Syndrome After Massive Bee Attack: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Authors:
Rhome L Hughes

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2019 Mar;40(1):52-57

From the University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Grand Forks, ND.

Envenoming syndrome is a systemic toxic reaction to the inoculation of large volume of insect venom, typically after a swarm attack from bees. Africanized honey bees are notorious for their aggressive nature, and human deaths resulting from Africanized honey bee attacks are consistently reported. Whereas anaphylaxis is the most common lethal mechanism of injury, delayed deaths can also occur as a consequence of severe venom toxicity with resultant end organ damage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PAF.0000000000000451DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Evaluation of the possible use of genus Mentha derived essential oils in the prevention of SENLAT syndrome caused by Rickettsia slovaca.

J Ethnopharmacol 2019 Mar 6;232:55-61. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Biomedical Research Center, Institute of Virology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 05 Bratislava, Slovakia.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Essential oils and essential oil bearing medicinal and culinary plants have a long tradition of being used to combat infection, treat various conditions, and promote and restore health. Mint oils are traditionally applied to repel insects and treat various conditions including wounds, skin infections, inflammation, eczema, urticaria, psoriasis, scabies and insect bites. They are among essential oils promoted as a natural way to prevent tick-borne diseases and recommended as ingredients in various homemade repellent mixtures and tick-bite treatments. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2018.12.005DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Reasons for Declining Venom Immunotherapy.

Acta Med Port 2018 Nov 30;31(11):618-623. Epub 2018 Nov 30.

Serviço de Imunoalergologia. Centro Hospitalar de São João. Porto. Portugal.

Introduction: Hymenoptera venom allergy is associated with significant morbidity and deterioration in health-related quality of life, and risk of fatal systemic reactions. Although venom immunotherapy is safe and the only effective treatment in allergic individuals, some patients prefer not to pursue this treatment. Since 2011, when the 50% reimbursement was stopped, patients must fully support the cost of immunotherapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20344/amp.9695DOI Listing
November 2018
4 Reads

Allergen-specific immunoglobulin E in sera of horses affected with insect bite hypersensitivity, severe equine asthma or both conditions.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 6;33(1):266-274. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Clinical Research, University of Bern, Berne, Switzerland.

Background: Genetic, epidemiologic, and clinical evidence suggests that, in horses, there are manifestations of hypersensitivity that can occur together.

Objectives: To investigate whether concurrent insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) and severe equine asthma (EA) is associated with higher allergen-specific and total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) concentrations than only EA or IBH.

Animals: Healthy control horses (C, n = 40), horses with IBH (IBH, n = 24), severe EA (EA, n = 18), and both conditions (IBH/EA, n = 23) were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335542PMC
January 2019
1 Read

A case of ulceroglandular tularemia presenting with lymphadenopathy and an ulcer on a linear morphoea lesion surrounded by erysipelas.

Int Med Case Rep J 2018 12;11:313-318. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Regional Hospital of Bellinzona e Valli, 6500 Bellinzona, Ticino, Switzerland.

Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by the infection of (a gram-negative aerobic bacterium). Transmission to other animals or humans usually occurs through insect or tick bites, direct contact with a contaminated environment (mud or water), infected animals - mainly lagomorphs - or by ingesting undercooked meat or inhaling contaminated dust (hay or soil). This paper discusses the case of a 32-year-old man, who came to our Emergency Room presenting with persistent fever, inguinal lymphadenopathy, and an ulcer on his left lower limb on a linear morphoea lesion that had been there for some time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S178561DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6237246PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Human antibody reaction against recombinant salivary proteins of Phlebotomus orientalis in Eastern Africa.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 12 4;12(12):e0006981. Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Phlebotomus orientalis is a vector of Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of life threatening visceral leishmaniasis spread in Eastern Africa. During blood-feeding, sand fly females salivate into the skin of the host. Sand fly saliva contains a large variety of proteins, some of which elicit specific antibody responses in the bitten hosts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0006981DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6279015PMC
December 2018
15 Reads

Spatial-temporal heterogeneity in malaria receptivity is best estimated by vector biting rates in areas nearing elimination.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Nov 27;11(1):606. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

James Cook University, Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, Cairns, QLD, 4870, Australia.

Background: Decisions on when vector control can be withdrawn after malaria is eliminated depend on the receptivity or potential of an area to support vector populations. To guide malaria control and elimination programmes, the potential of biting rates, sporozoite rates, entomological inoculation rates and parity rates to estimate malaria receptivity and transmission were compared within and among geographically localised villages of active transmission in the Western Province of the Solomon Islands.

Results: Malaria transmission and transmission potential was heterogeneous in both time and space both among and within villages as defined by anopheline species composition and biting densities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3201-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6260740PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Interventions to prevent Lyme disease in humans: A systematic review.

Prev Med Rep 2019 Mar 13;13:16-22. Epub 2018 Nov 13.

EPPI-Centre, UCL Institute of Education, University College London, London, UK.

Lyme disease (LD) is an infection transferred to humans through bites from infected ticks. Surveillance indicates that the number of LD cases is increasing in the UK, therefore, improved knowledge about reducing transmission from ticks to humans is needed. Eighteen electronic databases were searched and additional web-based searching was conducted, to locate empirical research, published from 2002 onwards. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S22113355183022
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.11.004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6240635PMC
March 2019
14 Reads

Understanding toxicological implications of accidents with caterpillars Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus (Lepidoptera: Megalopygidae).

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Feb 15;216:110-119. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina; Instituto Nacional de Medicina Tropical (INMeT), Neuquén y Jujuy s/n, 3370 Puerto Iguazú, Argentina. Electronic address:

Megalopygids Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus are common causative agents of accidents in agricultural workers. These accidents are provoked by dermal contact at their larval stage and are characterized by cutaneous reactions, such as burning pain, edema and erythema, typically mild and self-limited. There is very little information about their venoms and their toxicological implications on human health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2018.11.011DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Active vaccination against interleukin-5 as long-term treatment for insect-bite hypersensitivity in horses.

Allergy 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

RIA Immunology, Inselspital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Insect-bite hypersensitivity (IBH) in horses is a chronic allergic dermatitis caused by insect bites. Horses suffer from pruritic skin lesions, caused by type-I/type-IV allergic reactions accompanied by prominent eosinophil infiltration into the skin. Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is the key cytokine for eosinophils and we have previously shown that targeting IL-5 by vaccination reduces disease symptoms in horses. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/all.13659
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/all.13659DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads

Insect Repellents: An Updated Review for the Clinician.

J Am Acad Dermatol 2018 Nov 2. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

Department of Dermatology, UTHealth McGovern Medical School at Houston. Electronic address:

Malaria, Zika virus, West Nile virus, Dengue fever, and Lyme disease are common causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. While arthropod bites may cause local inflammation and discomfort, a greater concern is the potential to develop deadly systemic infection. The use of insect repellents (IR) to prevent systemic infections constitutes a fundamental public health effort. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01909622183282
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2018.10.053DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

A prospective study on insect bite hypersensitivity in horses exported from Iceland into Switzerland.

Acta Vet Scand 2018 Nov 3;60(1):69. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

Department of Clinical Research & VPH, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Länggass-str 124, 3012, Bern, Switzerland.

Background: Insect bite hypersensitivity (IBH) is an IgE-mediated dermatitis caused by bites of Culicoides spp., which occurs frequently in horses imported from Iceland to continental Europe. IBH does not occur in Iceland because Culicoides species that bite horses are not present. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13028-018-0425-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215642PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Outbreak of yellow fever in central and southwestern Uganda, February-may 2016.

BMC Infect Dis 2018 Nov 3;18(1):548. Epub 2018 Nov 3.

United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: On 28 March, 2016, the Ministry of Health received a report on three deaths from an unknown disease characterized by fever, jaundice, and hemorrhage which occurred within a one-month period in the same family in central Uganda. We started an investigation to determine its nature and scope, identify risk factors, and to recommend eventually control measures for future prevention.

Methods: We defined a probable case as onset of unexplained fever plus ≥1 of the following unexplained symptoms: jaundice, unexplained bleeding, or liver function abnormalities. Read More

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https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s128
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-018-3440-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6215607PMC
November 2018
76 Reads
2.613 Impact Factor

Late-onset extensive haematoma mimicking cellulitis.

Int Wound J 2019 Feb 31;16(1):297-299. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Dermatology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Cellulitis is a microbial infection of the deep dermis and the subcutaneous tissue. Several non-infectious disorders, such as contact dermatitis, insect bites, stasis dermatitis, and lipodermatosclerosis, masquerade as infectious cellulitis. There are no specific criteria for the diagnosis of cellulitis; thus, it is challenging to correctly diagnose true cellulitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13014DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
2.023 Impact Factor

Baseline entomologic data on malaria transmission in prelude to an indoor residual spraying intervention in the regions of Alibori and Donga, Northern Benin, West Africa.

Malar J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):392. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Centre de Recherche entomologique de Cotonou (CREC), Cotonou, Benin.

Background: Despite the success of indoor residual insecticide spraying (IRS) in Africa, particularly in Benin, some gaps of information need to be filled to optimize the effectiveness of this intervention in the perspective of the country's effort to eliminate malaria. In anticipation to the 2018 IRS campaign in two targeted regions of northern Benin, this study aimed, to collect baseline information on vector composition, spatio-temporal variation and peak malaria transmission in the Alibori and Donga, two targeted regions of northern Benin. Information collected will help to better plan the implementation and later on the impact assessment of this IRS campaign. Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2507-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206707PMC
October 2018
10 Reads
3.110 Impact Factor

Outdoor malaria transmission risks and social life: a qualitative study in South-Eastern Tanzania.

Malar J 2018 Oct 29;17(1):397. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, Kiko Avenue, Mikocheni, PO Box 78373, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania.

Background: Behaviour changes in mosquitoes from indoor to outdoor biting result in continuing risk of malaria from outdoor activities, including routine household activities and occasional social and cultural practices and gatherings. This study aimed to identify the range of social and cultural gatherings conducted outdoors and their associated risks for mosquito bites.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in four villages in the Kilombero Valley from November 2015 to March 2016. Read More

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https://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2550-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206631PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

Controlling phlebotomine sand flies to prevent canine Leishmania infantum infection: A case of knowing your enemy.

Res Vet Sci 2018 Dec 13;121:94-103. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Grupo de Investigación Epicontrol-Carnívoros, Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Avda. Puerta de Hierro s/n, Madrid 28040, Spain. Electronic address:

Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum is a widespread zoonotic disease that can be transmitted to animals and humans by their vectors, blood-sucking phlebotomine sand flies. To prevent canine leishmaniosis across the whole Mediterranean region, vector control is essential. Because of phlebotomine breeding sites are diverse, environmental larval controls have limited practical value. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00345288183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2018.10.008DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads

Vector bionomics and malaria transmission in an area of sympatry of An. arabiensis, An. coluzzii and An. gambiae.

Acta Trop 2019 Jan 16;189:129-136. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Unité d'entomologie médicale, Institut Pasteur de Dakar, BP 220, Dakar, Senegal. Electronic address:

Despite extensive genetic studies on their variability and differentiation, few is known about the specific and relative role of An. coluzzii, An. gambiae and An. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2018.10.005DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Eave ribbons treated with the spatial repellent, transfluthrin, can effectively protect against indoor-biting and outdoor-biting malaria mosquitoes.

Malar J 2018 Oct 17;17(1):368. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Environmental Health and Ecological Sciences Department, Ifakara Health Institute, Ifakara, Tanzania.

Background: Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying protect against indoor-biting and indoor-resting mosquitoes but are largely ineffective for early-biting and outdoor-biting malaria vectors. Complementary tools are, therefore, needed to accelerate control efforts. This paper describes simple hessian ribbons treated with spatial repellents and wrapped around eaves of houses to prevent outdoor-biting and indoor-biting mosquitoes over long periods of time. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2520-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192339PMC
October 2018
1 Read

Host Decoy Trap (HDT) with cattle odour is highly effective for collection of exophagic malaria vectors.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Oct 15;11(1):533. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Natural Resources Institute, University of Greenwich at Medway, Chatham Maritime, Kent, ME4 4TB, UK.

Background: As currently implemented, malaria vector surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa targets endophagic and endophilic mosquitoes, leaving exophagic (outdoor blood-feeding) mosquitoes underrepresented. We evaluated the recently developed host decoy trap (HDT) and compared it to the gold standard, human landing catch (HLC), in a 3 × 3 Latin square study design outdoors in western Kenya. HLCs are considered to represent the natural range of Anopheles biting-behaviour compared to other sampling tools, and therefore, in principle, provide the most reliable profile of the biting population transmitting malaria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3099-7DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6191991PMC
October 2018
3.430 Impact Factor

Ischemic stroke following a wasp sting - a rare complication: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2018 Oct 14;12(1):294. Epub 2018 Oct 14.

Department of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

Background: Wasp stings are commonly encountered worldwide and result in a variety of clinical manifestations including local and systemic reactions. Neurological and vascular complications are rarely reported following a wasp sting.

Case Presentation: A 69-year-old Sri Lankan Tamil man presented to our hospital with focal neurological deficit following multiple wasp stings; the deficit was confirmed to be an acute infarction on magnetic resonance imaging scan. Read More

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https://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13256-018-1839-0DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6186294PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Pharmacist, physician, and patient opinions of pharmacist-treated minor ailments and conditions.

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2018 Nov - Dec;58(6):599-607. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

Objectives: To determine physician, pharmacist, and patient perceptions of pharmacist-provided treatment services for minor ailments and conditions and to assess the potential for community pharmacists to improve access to care in medically underserved areas.

Design: Qualitative and quantitative semi-structured key informant interview.

Setting: Rural eastern Washington State from March to June 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.japh.2018.08.008DOI Listing
September 2018
9 Reads

Interleukin-6 Gene Polymorphism and the Risk of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Caused by Wasp Sting Injury.

DNA Cell Biol 2018 Dec 28;37(12):967-972. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

4 Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Taihe Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China.

Previous studies have shown that serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), which plays an important role in the development of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), is significantly increased in wasp sting patients. However, the association between IL-6 gene variants and the risk of SIRS development in these patients is not clearly understood. In this study, we investigated the association between IL-6 gene polymorphism in the promoter region and the risk of SIRS in wasp sting patients. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/dna.2018.4156
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/dna.2018.4156DOI Listing
December 2018
7 Reads
2.060 Impact Factor

Laboratory assessment of the anti-feeding effect for up to 12 months of a slow release deltamethrin collar (Scalibor®) against the sand fly Phlebotomus perniciosus in dogs.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 27;11(1):529. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

MSD Animal Health Innovation SAS, 7 rue Olivier de Serres, CS 67131, 49071, Angers Technopole, Beaucouzé, France.

Background: Leishmaniosis/leishmaniasis consists of a wide group of diseases, caused by different Leishmania species and having different hosts. Leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania infantum, a disease primarily of dogs and humans, occurs after susceptible hosts are exposed to the feeding behavior of infected sand flies. A one-year laboratory study in dogs was designed to determine the 364-day anti-feeding efficacy of a slow release deltamethrin collar against the sand fly P. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3094-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6161463PMC
September 2018
13 Reads

Oval sign: A retained bee stinger.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 Oct;66(10):1466-1467

Tej Kohli Cornea Institute, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

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http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/10/1466/242015
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_465_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6173003PMC
October 2018
5 Reads

[Painful lymphadenopathy after an insect bite-a case report].

Hautarzt 2019 Jan;70(1):47-50

Dermatologische Klinik, UniversitätsSpital Zürich, Gloriastr. 31, 8091, Zürich, Schweiz.

Tularemia is a bacterial zoonosis which is commonly transmitted through tick or insect bites or contact with meat of infected animals. We report the case of a 36-year-old man who developed fever, chills, headaches, and a painful, unilateral, inguinal lymphadenopathy with a red-livid skin discoloration after an insect bite on his abdomen. Ulceroglandular tularemia was diagnosed through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and serology. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00105-018-4237-z
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00105-018-4237-zDOI Listing
January 2019
18 Reads

2D and 3D structure-activity modelling of mosquito repellents: a review .

Authors:
J Devillers

SAR QSAR Environ Res 2018 Sep;29(9):693-723

a CTIS, Rillieux la Pape , France.

Repellents disrupt the behaviour of blood-seeking mosquitoes protecting humans against their bites which can transmit serious diseases. Since the mid-1950s, N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) is considered as the standard mosquito repellent worldwide. However, DEET presents numerous shortcomings. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1062936X.2018.1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1062936X.2018.1513218DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Modelling the spatial distribution of aquatic insects (Order Hemiptera) potentially involved in the transmission of Mycobacterium ulcerans in Africa.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Sep 6;11(1):501. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Faculty of Infectious & Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: Biting aquatic insects belonging to the order Hemiptera have been suggested as potential vectors of Mycobacterium ulcerans in endemic areas for Buruli ulcer (BU). If this is the case, these insects would be expected to co-exist with M. ulcerans in the same geographical areas. Read More

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https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.11
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-018-3066-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6127916PMC
September 2018
4 Reads

Knowledge, practices and entomological aspects of dengue in Medellín, Colombia: A comparative study of neighborhoods with high and low incidence

Biomedica 2018 08 1;38(0):106-116. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Grupo de Entomología Médica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Introduction: Dengue, mainly transmitted by Aedes aegypti, is a very important viral disease in terms of public health. Colombia is an endemoepidemic country for dengue and, in cities like Medellín, there are neighborhoods with high and low incidence. The disease dynamics in the neighborhoods might be determined by differences in the knowledge, practices and entomological aspects of the vector among the communities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7705/biomedica.v38i0.3957DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

CAP-Inhibition, Molecular Diagnostics, and Total IgE in the Evaluation of Polistes and Vespula Double Sensitization.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2018;177(4):365-369. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Allergy Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital of Ancona, Allergy and Clinical Immunology School, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona,

Cross-reactions between Polistes dominula and Vespula species are common in southern Europe. Currently, only CAP-inhibition demonstrates high accuracy in identifying genuine sensitizations, but this method is time-consuming and expensive, so a new approach is required. This study investigates skin tests, molecular diagnostics, total IgE (tIgE), and the Ves v 5/Pol d 5 (or vice versa) ratio. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000491939DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Evaluation of Human Exposure to Bites in Rubber and Palm Cultivations Using an Immunoepidemiological Biomarker.

Biomed Res Int 2018 9;2018:3572696. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Université Nangui Abrogoua, 02 BP 801, Abidjan 02, Côte d'Ivoire.

Arbovirus infections, mainly transmitted by mosquito, are emerging in Africa. Efficient vector control requires an understanding of ecological factors which could impact on the risk of transmission, such as environmental changes linked to agricultural practices. The present study aims to assess the level of human exposure to mosquito bites in different agroecosystem area, using an immunological tool which quantifies human IgG antibody response to one salivary peptide. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3572696DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6106716PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

The red ear.

Pan Afr Med J 2018;30:34. Epub 2018 May 16.

Prosper-Hospital, Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Recklinghausen, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.30.34.15020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6110547PMC
October 2018
2 Reads