23,833 results match your criteria Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience [Journal]
J Proteomics 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Proteomics Unit, Cancer Research Centre (IBMCC/CSIC/USAL/IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain; Department of Medicine and General Cytometry Service-Nucleus, Cancer Research Centre (IBMCC/CSIC/USAL/IBSAL), 37007 Salamanca, Spain. Electronic address:
Understanding the dynamic of the proteome is a critical challenge because it requires high sensitive methodologies in high-throughput formats in order to decipher its modifications and complexity. While molecular biology provides relevant information about cell physiology that may be reflected in post-translational changes, High-Throughput (HT) experimental proteomic techniques are essential to provide valuable functional information of the proteins, peptides and the interconnections between them. Hence, many methodological developments and innovations have been reported during the last decade. Read More
Radiologe 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Klinik für Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie und Neuroradiologie, Klinikum Augsburg, Stenglinstr. 2, 86156, Augsburg, Deutschland.
Clinical/methodical Issue: Radiologic imaging for the assessment of individual cardiovascular risk.
Standard Radiological Methods: The correct estimation of the individual cardiovascular risk is prerequisite for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Here, extensive evidence is available for coronary calcium scans as well as coronary CT angiography (CTA). Read More
BMJ Open 2018 Dec 14;8(12):e022548. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Wessex Institute, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.
Objectives: Innovations resulting from research have both national and global impact, so selecting the most promising research studies to fund is crucial. Peer review of research funding applications is part of the selection process, and requires considerable resources. This study aimed to elicit stakeholder opinions about which factors contribute to and influence effective peer review of funding applications to the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), and to identify possible minor improvements to current processes and any major changes or potential innovations to achieve a more efficient peer review process. Read More
Healthc (Amst) 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
University of California San Francisco, Center for Vulnerable Populations, Division of General Internal Medicine, United States.
Background: Team-based care is an innovative approach to primary care in which groups of health care professionals work collaboratively to manage care for groups of patients. Safety-net organizations face specific barriers to implementing health care innovations. More research is needed that documents the dynamics that inform implementation and sustainment of innovative practices in the safety net. Read More
Nurse Educ Today 2018 Dec 7;73:83-87. Epub 2018 Dec 7.
Case Western Reserve University, United States of America. Electronic address:
Background: Despite growing demand for home care nursing, there is a growing home care workforce shortage, due in part to hospital-centric nursing curricula that lead students to undervalue of home care and community practice setting (Van Iersel et al., 2018a, 2018b).
Objectives: Articulate an international vision for the future of home care education, research, practice, and management shared by experienced home care nurses working in leadership roles. Read More
BJOG 2019 Jan;126(2):237-243
The Royal Hospital for Women, Randwick, NSW, Australia.
Over 8 million babies have been born following IVF (in vitro fertilisation) and other artificial reproductive technology (ART) procedures since Louise Brown's birth 40 years ago. New innovations have added much complexity to both clinical and laboratory procedures over the last four decades. Translation of novel approaches from basic science into clinical practice continues unabated, widening the applicability of ART to new groups of people and helping improve both chances of healthy live birth and patient acceptability. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):451-454
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center, Cebeci Hospitals, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.
We report a case of 53-year-old woman with the parathyroid adenoma (PA) located in the aortopulmonary window with an aberrant right subclavian artery. Her preoperative calcium level was 11.3 mg/dL (reference range = 8. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):445-447
From the Division of Cardiac Surgery.
Cor triatriatum sinister is an uncommon cardiac abnormality characterized by a membrane that divides the left atrium into two chambers. Definitive management requires surgical resection, traditionally through sternotomy. Minimally invasive reparative techniques are associated with reduced blood loss, shorter hospitalization, faster recovery time, and improved cosmesis with excellent patient satisfaction. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):438-444
Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD USA.
Objective: A robotic-assisted approach potentially has many advantages for cardiac reoperation, which include sternum-sparing and three-dimensional visualization leading to precise adhesiolysis and excellent exposure in a limited field.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed our patients undergoing robotic cardiac reoperation (redo group) from July 2013 to April 2017 at our institution and compared with our patients undergoing standard robotic surgery (nonredo group). In the reoperative cases, a thoracoscope was inserted through a 5-mm port placed away from the previous scar. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):428-432
From the Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY USA.
Objective: Subaortic membrane is an anatomical intracardiac anomaly that may cause discrete subaortic stenosis and aortic insufficiency. Patients requiring subaortic membrane resection may benefit from a minimally invasive approach; however, subaortic membranes are typically resected through a median sternotomy. We present our initial clinical experience of adult patients who have undergone a mini-thoracotomy subaortic membrane resection. Read More
BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 14;18(1):967. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Institute for Choice, University of South Australia Business School, Adelaide, SA, Australia.
Background: This paper reports the methods and findings from a systematic review of economic evaluations conducted in the community aged care sector between 2000 and 2016.
Methods: Online databases searched were PubMed, Medline, Scopus, and web of science, CINAHL and informit. Studies were included if they 1) were full economic evaluations that compared both the costs and outcomes of two or more interventions 2) in study population of people aged 65 years and over 3) dependent older people living in the community 4) alternatives being compared were care models or service delivery interventions in the community aged care sector (a group of programs that have been established as a support system to allow older people to remain living in their own homes for as long as possible, as an alternative to institutional or residential care) and 5) published in the English language between 2000 and November 2016. Read More
Eat Weight Disord 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Service de Médecine Interne et des Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Reims, 51092, Reims, France.
Geophagy is widespread among women from Sub-Saharan Africa, South America and the Caribbean and may persist in western countries. This practice may be associated with adverse effects such as anaemia, constipation or intestinal occlusion. We aimed to determine the prevalence of geophagy and the level of knowledge about its health effects among healthy adults originating from these countries and attending a travel medicine and international vaccination consultation in France. Read More
Pharm Res 2018 Dec 13;36(2):25. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
Ophthalmology Research, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 22 Windsor Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139, USA.
The future of next generation therapeutics for glaucoma is strong. The recent approval of two novel intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering drugs with distinct mechanisms of action is the first in over 20 years. However, these are still being administered as topical drops. Read More
Nanoethics 2018 22;12(3):199-210. Epub 2018 Oct 22.
2Gothenburg Research Institute, University of Gothenburg, PO Box 603, 405 30 Gothenburg, Sweden.
Graphene is a nanomaterial with many promising and innovative applications, yet early studies indicate that graphene may pose risks to humans and the environment. According to ideas of responsible research and innovation, all relevant actors should strive to reduce risks related to technological innovations. Through semi-structured interviews, we investigated the idea of graphene as a risk (or not) held by two types of key actors: graphene researchers and innovation advisors at universities, where the latter are facilitating the movement of graphene from the laboratory to the marketplace. Read More
Nanoethics 2018 9;12(3):181-197. Epub 2018 Jul 9.
4Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Biomedical research policy in recent years has often tried to make such research more 'translational', aiming to facilitate the transfer of insights from research and development (R&D) to health care for the benefit of future users. Involving patients in deliberations about and design of biomedical research may increase the quality of R&D and of resulting innovations and thus contribute to translation. However, patient involvement in biomedical research is not an easy feat. Read More
Sustain Sci 2018 12;13(6):1505-1517. Epub 2018 Jun 12.
7Departments of Population Health and of Public Health, Environments and Society, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
Malnutrition in all forms, ranging from undernourishment to obesity and associated diet-related diseases, is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, while food systems often have major environmental impacts. Rapid global population growth and increases in demands for food and changes in dietary habits create challenges to provide universal access to healthy food without creating negative environmental, economic, and social impacts. This article discusses opportunities for and challenges to sustainable food systems from a human health perspective by making the case for avoiding the transition to unhealthy less sustainable diets (using India as an exemplar), reducing food waste by changing consumer behaviour (with examples from Japan), and using innovations and new technologies to reduce the environmental impact of healthy food production. Read More
Nat Microbiol 2019 Jan 13;4(1):46-54. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, England.
Lack of access to quality diagnostics remains a major contributor to health burden in resource-limited settings. It has been more than 10 years since ASSURED (affordable, sensitive, specific, user-friendly, rapid, equipment-free, delivered) was coined to describe the ideal test to meet the needs of the developing world. Since its initial publication, technological innovations have led to the development of diagnostics that address the ASSURED criteria, but challenges remain. Read More
BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 14;18(Suppl 3):922. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Willis-Knighton Health System, 2600 Greenwood Road, Shreveport, LA, 71103, USA.
Background: Marketing arguably is the most critical administrative responsibility associated with the pursuit and realization of growth and prosperity, making prowess in the discipline essential for any healthcare institution, especially given the competitive intensity that characterizes the industry. But in order to truly gain an advantage, healthcare establishments must tap into innovative pathways that their competitors have yet to discover. Here, thinking like an outsider can pay tremendous dividends, as health and medical organizations tend to focus inwardly, limiting their exposure to externally-derived innovations and advancements which often can supply differentiation opportunities. Read More
BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 14;18(Suppl 3):928. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Willis-Knighton Health System, 2600 Greenwood Road, Shreveport, LA, 71103, USA.
Background: Given the importance of communicating effectively with current and prospective patients, healthcare institutions must direct considerable energies toward achieving associated excellence. Pursuits usually center on addressing the marketing communications mix properly, but in order to maximize communications prowess, attention also should be directed toward incorporating emerging communications innovations, when and where possible, to bolster opportunities to connect with patients.
Discussion: In pursuit of communications excellence, Willis-Knighton Health System's executives reflected on campus dynamics in the context of modern outdoor advertising technologies, namely, digital billboards, which present electronic advertisements on-demand, around-the-clock. Read More
BMC Health Serv Res 2018 Dec 14;18(Suppl 3):925. Epub 2018 Dec 14.
Department of Health Services Administration, University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Health Professions Building, 5th Floor, 1720 2nd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL, 35294, USA.
Sci Total Environ 2018 Dec 5;657:287-296. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
University of Belgrade, Technical Faculty Bor, VJ 12, 19210 Bor, Serbia; Mining and Metallurgy Institute Bor, Zeleni Bulevar 35, 19210 Bor, Serbia. Electronic address:
In recent years, the socio-environmental dimension has become a structural and strategic element of successful companies, where it is usually addressed through the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility. The challenge for business is to draft new paradigms for operational procedures and improve the business conditions towards social and environmental responsibilities. Companies focus on eco-innovations and the production of "green products". Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):433-437
From the Divisions of Cardiothoracic Surgery and.
Objective: Approximately 50% of patients with severe symptomatic mitral regurgitation are deemed too high risk for surgery. The MitraClip procedure is a viable option for this population. Our goal was to assess outcomes and survival of patients who underwent the MitraClip procedure at an institution where mitral valve surgery is routinely performed. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):404-416
Manchester Royal Infirmary, Manchester, United Kingdom.
Objective: The aim of the study was to compare hemodynamic and perioperative outcomes of stented against stentless aortic valve replacement in patients with small aortic root (21 mm or less).
Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken among the four major databases (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, and Ovid) to identify all randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials comparing stentless to stented bioprosthetic valves in small aortic root patients. Odds ratios, weighted mean differences, or standardized mean differences and their 95% confidence intervals were analyzed. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):391-403
Division of Thoracic Surgery, Robert Tucker Hayes Foundation, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX USA.
Great advances have been made in the surgical management of esophageal disease since the first description of esophageal resection in 1913. We are in the era of minimally invasive esophagectomy. The current three main approaches to an esophagectomy are the Ivor Lewis technique, McKeown technique, and the transhiatal approach to esophagectomy. Read More
Recent Results Cancer Res 2019 ;213:39-55
Public Health Department, Research Unit EA 3279, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.
Rising budget constraints and demands for healthcare services create additional complexity within the decision process for resource allocation. Innovations and scientific progress have been shown to be key drivers of the increase in healthcare expenditures (1). In the context of rising medical care costs and limited resources, Health Technology Assessment (HTA) was developed as a tool to inform decision-making and to provide the rationalization behind these decisions driving resource allocation and spending for health technology products. Read More
AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Family Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, 3901 Rainbow Blvd., Kansas City, KS, 66160, USA.
Delays in traditional HIV DNA PCR testing for early infant diagnosis (EID) at 6 weeks of age result in late antiretroviral treatment (ART). Birth point of care (POC) testing is an emerging strategy with the potential to streamline EID services. We elicited providers' recommendations for introducing birth POC testing to guide strategies in Kenya and similar settings. Read More
Eur J Clin Nutr 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Physical Activity Epidemiology Laboratory, Exercise Psychology Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, USA.
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate secular trends in Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) scores in the United States between 1999 and 2014.
Methods: Data from adults over 19 years from the 1999 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (N = 39,191) were used. DII scores, at each 2-year cycle, were evaluated from a 24-h recall, including 26 food parameters for DII calculation. Read More
BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 13;18(Suppl 4):1309. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
World Health Organization Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria.
Background: Despite concerted global efforts being made to eradicate poliomyelitis, the wild poliovirus still circulates in three countries, including Nigeria. In addition, Nigeria experiences occasional outbreaks of the circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus type 2 (cVDPV2). Vaccine rejection by caregivers persists in some parts of northern Nigeria, which compromises the quality of supplemental immunization activities (SIAs). Read More
BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 13;18(Suppl 4):1314. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
World Health Organization, Country Representative Office, Abuja, Nigeria.
Background: The declaration of poliomyelitis eradication as a programmatic emergency for global public health by the 65th World Health Assembly in 2012 necessitated innovations and strategies to achieve results. Review of the confirmed polio cases in 2013 showed that most of the cases were from non-compliant households, where parents connived with vaccinators to finger mark the children without actually vaccinating the children with oral polio vaccine or children were absent from home at the time of the visit of vaccinators.
Methods: We used pre-post design to quantify the outcomes of directly observed vaccination in 90 local government areas from 12 northern Nigeria states at very high risk of polio transmission. Read More
Prog Transplant 2018 Dec 13:1526924818817048. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
5 Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.
Introduction:: There is debate over whether Apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) gene risk variants contribute to African American (AA) live donors' (LD) increased risk of kidney failure. Little is known about factors influencing physicians' integration of APOL1 genetic testing of AA LDs into donor evaluation.
Design:: We conducted a cross-sectional survey, informed by Roger's Diffusion of Innovations theory, among nephrology and surgeon members of the American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Transplantation, and American Society of Transplant Surgeons about their practices of and attitudes about APOL1 genetic testing of AA potential LDs. Read More
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2018 Dec 13:1049909118817740. Epub 2018 Dec 13.
4 Allina Health, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
Whole-person care is a new paradigm for serious illness, but few programs have been robustly studied. We sought to test the effect of LifeCourse (LC), a person-centered program for patients living with serious illness, on health-care utilization, care experience, and quality of life, employing a quasi-experimental design with a Usual Care (UC) comparison group. The study was conducted 2012 to 2017 at an upper-Midwest not-for-profit health-care system with outcomes measured every 3 months until the end of life. Read More
Front Plant Sci 2018 22;9:1693. Epub 2018 Nov 22.
Department of Forest and Conservation Sciences, Faculty of Forestry, University of British Columbia Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Forest tree breeding has been successful at delivering genetically improved material for multiple traits based on recurrent cycles of selection, mating, and testing. However, long breeding cycles, late flowering, variable juvenile-mature correlations, emerging pests and diseases, climate, and market changes, all pose formidable challenges. Genetic dissection approaches such as quantitative trait mapping and association genetics have been fruitless to effectively drive operational marker-assisted selection (MAS) in forest trees, largely because of the complex multifactorial inheritance of most, if not all traits of interest. Read More
Sex Med 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Urology and Andrology Department, CHU de Nîmes-Montpellier 1 University School of Medicine, Nîmes, France.
Introduction: Phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5-Is) have an excellent efficacy and tolerability profile and remain the first-line choice for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). However, ED is still an underdiagnosed and undertreated condition, and many men prematurely discontinue therapy with conventional dosage formulations despite successful intercourse.
Aim: To review the unmet needs and expectations of patients with ED and describe the latest pharmaceutical innovations in the field of PDE5-I formulations designed to address these needs, with particular reference to a new orodispersible film (ODF) formulation of the PDE5-I, sildenafil. Read More
Aktuelle Urol 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Department of Urology, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg.
Flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) has become a success story in urology. Since its implementation into the treatment of urolithiasis, fURS has demonstrated excellent clinical performance and safety. In recent years, the spread of disposable ureteroscopes has shaped the field of endoscopic stone treatment. Read More
Fam Pract 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
The Health Improvement Institute (THIS), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
Background: Large variation in measures of diagnostic activity has been described previously between English general practices, but related predictors remain understudied.
Objective: To examine associations between general practice population and characteristics, with the use of urgent referrals for suspected cancer, and use of endoscopy.
Methods: Cross-sectional observational study of English general practices. Read More
PLoS One 2018 12;13(12):e0207765. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Center for Healthy Minds, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, United States of America.
Mindfulness practices are increasingly being utilized as a method for cultivating well-being. The term mindfulness is often used as an umbrella for a variety of different practices and many mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) contain multiple styles of practice. Despite the diversity of practices within MBIs, few studies have investigated whether constituent practices produce specific effects. Read More
Nurs Res 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.
Professor and Associate Vice Dean of Research, University of South Florida College of Nursing, Tampa, FL Founding Director, Center of Community Alliance for Research Education, Professor, Department of Population Sciences, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope Medical Center, Duarte, CA Associate Professor, The Ohio State University, College of Nursing, Columbus, OH Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, Florida 33612 Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT Professor, Department of Psychological Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC Senior Member, Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, FL Department of Health Disparities Research, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX Division of Population Science, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute & Department of Oncological Sciences, University of South Florida, College of Medicine, Tampa, FL Assistant Professor, Department of Oncology Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY Assistant Professor, Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health and Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, and Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Social Sciences and Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL Associate Professor, Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR Staff Scientist, Project Director, Biobehavioral Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA Strategic Director of Health Disparities Research, Behavioral Research Center, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA.
Background: An emphasis on precision health (PH) has stimulated precision medicine studies to focus on the interplay of biological, behavioral, and environmental factors with disease risks, treatments, prognoses, and outcomes affecting health disparities. It is imperative, as well, that improving health equity among underserved populations remains central to the efforts and aims of PH.
Objectives: Apply the transdisciplinary ConNECT Framework: A model for advancing behavioral medicine science and practice to foster health equity to PH by integrating a population health agenda for reducing health disparities. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):381-382
From the Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO USA.
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):423-427
From the Divisions of Cardiac Surgery and.
Objective: Conversion to sternotomy is a primary bailout method for robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting procedures. The aims of this study were to identify the primary reasons for conversion from robotically assisted coronary artery bypass grafting to sternotomy and to evaluate the in-hospital outcomes in such patients.
Methods: Prospectively collected data from February 2004 to April 2017 were reviewed for 72 patients (56 men; mean age = 63. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):455-457
LSI SOLUTIONS, Victor, NY USA.
Traditionally, pacing leads are placed transvenously, although smaller pediatric patients who require permanent pacemakers may benefit from delaying tranvenous lead placement until they are larger. Alternative, minimally invasive atrioventricular pacing options have not previously existed for this patient population, leaving many of these children with large sternotomies or thoracotomies. Using three port sites and an adjustable shaft dual-needle suturing device, we placed a steroid-eluting, sew-on epicardial lead on the right atrium of a 9-year-old patient. Read More
Innovations (Phila) 2018 Nov/Dec;13(6):448-450
From the Cardiac Surgery Department, Parma University Hospital, Parma, Italy.
Different case series have been published demonstrating the feasibility of endovascular repair of the ascending aorta in selected patients deemed unfit for open surgery. However, the use of commercially available stent graft in the ascending aorta remains off-label, and their excessive length often prevents their deployment in the ascending aorta. Here we report a case of successful primary endovascular repair of the ascending aorta using a physician modified off-the-shelf device. Read More
BMC Proc 2018 15;12(Suppl 11):17. Epub 2018 Aug 15.
WHO Country Office, Kigali, Rwanda.
Background: The use of digital technologies to improve access to health is gaining momentum in Africa. This is more pertinent with the increasing penetration of mobile phone technology and internet use, and calls for innovative strategies to support implementation of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals and Universal Health Coverage on the continent. However, the huge potential benefits of digital health to advance health services delivery in Africa is yet to be fully harnessed due to critical challenges such as proliferation of pilot projects, poor coordination, inadequate preparedness of the African health workforce for digital health, lack of interoperability and inadequate sustainable financing, among others. Read More
J Strength Cond Res 2018 Nov;32(11):3222-3231
Center for Sport and Exercise Science and Medicine, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.
Abbott, W, Brickley, G, and Smeeton, NJ. Positional differences in GPS outputs and perceived exertion during soccer training games and competition. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3222-3231, 2018-Soccer training games are popular training modalities, allowing technical, tactical, and physical aspects to be trained simultaneously. Read More
Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2018 Dec 10;73(suppl 1):e470s. Epub 2018 Dec 10.
Centro de Investigacao Translacional em Oncologia, Instituto do Cancer do Estado de Sao Paulo (ICESP), Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.
Recently, professional and healthcare-related entities have launched frameworks designed to assess the value of cancer innovations in multistakeholder decision processes. Among the most visible entities that propose and implement value frameworks in oncology are the European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO), the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). However, these value frameworks have been criticized for conceptual inconsistencies, inability to include a greater variety of value criteria, and inadequate explanation of the uncertainty approach used in the modeling process. Read More
AIDS Behav 2018 Dec 11. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
Using repeated, national, online, cross-sectional surveys of Australian gay and bisexual men (GBM), we analysed trends related to HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Specifically, we analysed trends in PrEP use, willingness to use PrEP, and concern about using PrEP during 2011-2017. We assessed support for GBM using PrEP and willingness to have sex with men taking PrEP between 2015 and 2017. Read More
Sports Med Int Open 2018 Jun 27;2(3):E79-E83. Epub 2018 Aug 27.
Manchester Metropolitan University, School of Healthcare Science, Manchester, United Kingdom.
While many older adults are immobile and frail, others still participate in competitive sports. World records of javelin throw decrease with increasing age. It is, however, unknown 1) whether the decline is linear or, as in sprint performance, accelerates beyond the age of 69; and 2) to what extent frailty-related changes in throwing technique contribute to decreasing performance. Read More
Int J Breast Cancer 2018 14;2018:5409846. Epub 2018 Nov 14.
Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue/A81, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
J Sci Med Sport 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.
Lithuanian Sports University, Institute of Sport Science and Innovations, Lithuania.
Objectives: To evaluate external and internal training load (TL) and hormonal responses in basketball 3-versus-3 small-sided games (SSGs).
Design: Randomized repeated-measures study.
Methods: Twelve male basketball players participated to four 3-versus-3 SSGs characterized by different tactical tasks (offensive; defensive) and training regimes (long-intermittent: three 4-min bouts with 2' rest in between; short-intermittent: six 2-min bouts with 1' rest in between). Read More
Health Informatics J 2018 Dec 11:1460458218814893. Epub 2018 Dec 11.
Center for Innovations in Quality, Effectiveness and Safety, Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
We identify and describe nine key, short-term, challenges to help healthcare organizations, health information technology developers, researchers, policymakers, and funders focus their efforts on health information technology-related patient safety. Categorized according to the stage of the health information technology lifecycle where they appear, these challenges relate to (1) developing models, methods, and tools to enable risk assessment; (2) developing standard user interface design features and functions; (3) ensuring the safety of software in an interfaced, network-enabled clinical environment; (4) implementing a method for unambiguous patient identification (1-4 Design and Development stage); (5) developing and implementing decision support which improves safety; (6) identifying practices to safely manage information technology system transitions (5 and 6 Implementation and Use stage); (7) developing real-time methods to enable automated surveillance and monitoring of system performance and safety; (8) establishing the cultural and legal framework/safe harbor to allow sharing information about hazards and adverse events; and (9) developing models and methods for consumers/patients to improve health information technology safety (7-9 Monitoring, Evaluation, and Optimization stage). These challenges represent key "to-do's" that must be completed before we can expect to have safe, reliable, and efficient health information technology-based systems required to care for patients. Read More