292 results match your criteria Inner Ear Perilymphatic Fistula


The Third Mobile Window Effects in Otology/Neurotology.

J Int Adv Otol 2021 Mar;17(2):156-161

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara City, Nara, Japan.

It has been revealed that the pure-tone audiometry demonstrates large air-bone gaps at low pitches due to the presence of inner ear fistulae. When a third mobile window resulting from an inner ear fistula is present, in addition to the 2 normally present windows consisting of the oval window and the round window, a portion of the air-conducted waves escape from the scala vestibuli through the inner ear fistula. On the other hand, bone-conducted waves traveling to the scala vestibuli are reduced by an inner ear fistula; however, bone-conducted waves traveling to the scala tympani are not affected by an inner ear fistula. Read More

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Positional nystagmus in middle ear cholesteatoma with labyrinthine fistula.

Med Hypotheses 2020 Nov 28;144:110223. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University Medical Center, Research Institute of Medical Science, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma can cause erosion of the dense labyrinthine bone overlying the inner ear organs, and this labyrinthine fistula allows pressure or mass-induced motion of the underlying perilymphatic and endolymphatic compartment, evoking vestibular symptoms. While the mechanism of a positive fistula test, which is conducted by increasing or decreasing the external auditory canal pressure, has been well established, the mechanism underlying positional nystagmus in labyrinthine fistula has not been discussed yet. In the present study, we propose a new hypothesis accounting for positional nystagmus in labyrinthine fistula involving the lateral semicircular canal (LSCC), i. Read More

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November 2020

Congenital Membranous Stapes Footplate Producing Episodic Pressure-Induced Perilymphatic Fistula Symptoms.

Front Neurol 2020 10;11:585747. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

Recent third window syndrome studies have revealed that the intact bony labyrinth and differences in the stiffness of the oval and round windows are essential for proper cochlear and vestibular function. Herein we report a patient with a congenital dehiscence of the right stapes footplate. This dehiscence caused long-standing episodic pressure-induced vertigo (Hennebert sign). Read More

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November 2020

Perilymphatic Fistula: A Review of Classification, Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Front Neurol 2020 15;11:1046. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Irvine, CA, United States.

A perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is an abnormal communication between the perilymph-filled inner ear and the middle ear cavity, mastoid, or intracranial cavity. A PLF most commonly forms when the integrity of the oval or round window is compromised, and it may be trauma-induced or may occur with no known cause (idiopathic). Controversy regarding the diagnosis of idiopathic PLF has persisted for decades, and the presenting symptoms may be vague. Read More

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September 2020

[The diagnostic value of cochlin-tomoprotein in perilymphatic fistula].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2020 Sep;34(9):857-861

Perilymphatic fistula(PLF) is defined as an abnormal communication between the fluid(perilymph) -filled space of the inner ear and the air-filled space of the middle ear and mastoid, or cranial spaces. At present the diagnostic criteria for perilymphatic fistula is the fistula hole confirmed by the microscope and endoscope between the middle ear and inner ear, the hole is located in the round or oval window, fractured bony labyrinth, microfissures, anomalous footplate, and can occur after head trauma or barotrauma, chronic inflammation, or in otic capsule dehiscence. Recently, the cochlin-tomoprotein(CTP) detected from the middle ear. Read More

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September 2020

Imaging Analysis for Cholesteatoma Extension to the Perilymphatic Space in Labyrinth Fistulae.

Laryngoscope 2021 04 17;131(4):E1301-E1307. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: Disturbed perilymph behind a labyrinth fistula can lead to hearing deterioration; thus, delicate manipulation is required during surgery for cholesteatomatous fistulae with matrix extension to the perilymphatic space (EPS). However, it remains challenging to identify the EPS preoperatively. This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of computed tomography (CT) for preoperative prediction of the EPS of cholesteatomatous fistulae. Read More

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Exploratory tympanotomy in sudden sensorineural hearing loss for the identification of a perilymphatic fistula - retrospective analysis and review of the literature.

J Laryngol Otol 2020 Jun;134(6):501-508

Department of Otolaryngology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Objective: The diagnostic value of exploratory tympanotomy in sudden sensorineural hearing loss remains controversial. This study and review were performed to identify the incidence of perilymphatic fistula in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss. The effectiveness of tympanotomy for sealing of the cochlear windows in cases with perilymphatic fistula was evaluated. Read More

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The round window sign: a sensitive sign to detect perilymphatic fistulae on delayed postcontrast 3D-FLAIR sequence.

Eur Radiol 2020 Nov 28;30(11):6303-6310. Epub 2020 May 28.

Otology and Oto-neurosurgery Department, Salengro Hospital, CHU Lille, 59037, Lille, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess the diagnostic performance of a new MR sign, named the round window sign (RWS), to diagnose perilymphatic fistula (PLF) in a population of patients with chronic cochleo-vestibular symptoms, classified as definite or probable Menière's disease (MD).

Methods: A total of 164 patients (mean age 52 ± 35 years) with chronic cochleo-vestibular symptoms underwent MRI, between 4 and 5 h after intravenous gadoteric acid injection (Dotarem®, 0.1 mmol/kg). Read More

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November 2020

A Case of Perilymphatic Fistula with Inner Ear Anomaly Diagnosed Preoperatively by the Cochlin-Tomoprotein Detection Test.

Case Rep Otolaryngol 2020 9;2020:9476915. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Department of Otolaryngology, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

We present a case of perilymphatic fistula (PLF) with inner ear anomalies having sudden, progressive sensorineural hearing loss and describe the fistula repair surgeries. We focus on the diagnosis methods of PLF and clinical course of PLF with inner ear anomaly. The cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP) detection test is very useful for the surgeons to encourage the earlier operation to sudden hearing loss cases. Read More

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CT and MRI for the diagnosis of perilymphatic fistula: a study of 17 surgically confirmed patients.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020 Apr 10;277(4):1045-1051. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Service de Radiologie 1, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.

Background: We evaluated the usefulness of CT and MRI for the diagnosis of perilymphatic fistula (PLF) of the round (RW) and/or oval (OW) windows, with surgery as gold standard.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled 17 patients who presented a surgically confirmed PLF of the round (RW) or oval (OW) windows. All patients were imaged by CT + MRI (T2W SSFP without contrast) prior to surgery (= gold standard). Read More

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Clinical and radiological characteristics of patients with collapse or fistula of the saccule as evaluated by inner ear MRI.

Acta Otolaryngol 2020 Apr 21;140(4):262-269. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Lariboisière University Hospital, Paris, France.

Delayed 3D-FLAIR sequences enable the distinction between the utricle and the saccule. We sought to evaluate the clinical and radiological findings in patients with no visible saccule (NVS) on 4-hour post-contrast MRI. We retrospectively assessed the presence of NVS signs in 400 patients who underwent delayed inner ear MRI. Read More

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[Traumatic perilymphatic fistula with the luxation of the stapes into vestibule].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2019 ;84(3):61-64

ENT department of Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia, 344022.

A case of perilymphatic fistula with the luxation of the stapes into vestibule was described, which was caused by a direct damage of the eardrum (the patient cleaned the right ear with a cotton swab and received a strong blow to the arm). The moment of injury was characterized by severe pain, a significant hearing loss, the appearance of tympanophonia and vertigo. Clinical examination revealed the eardrum rupture. Read More

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November 2019

Perilymphatic Fistula After Penetrating Ear Trauma.

Clin Pract Cases Emerg Med 2019 May 4;3(2):115-118. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles, Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Los Angeles, California.

Pneumolabyrinth, defined as air within the labyrinth on high-resolution computed tomography, suggests that a perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is present. PLF describes an abnormal communication between the middle and inner ear, and can result in deafness, vertigo, and imbalance. In the setting of a penetrating injury to the temporal bone or inner ear, pneumolabyrinth should trigger prompt otolaryngology consultation and urgent surgical exploration. Read More

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Perilymphatic Fistulas and Superior Semi-Circular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 15;82:93-100. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Perilymphatic fistulas (PLF) and superior semi-circular canal dehiscence syndrome (SCDS) are 2 conditions that can present with sound and/or pressure-induced vertigo. PLF should be suspected in cases of trauma or surgery, while a spontaneous PLF is a diagnosis of exclusion. Research is ongoing to identify an ideal biomarker for perilymph. Read More

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December 2019

Surgical Outcomes on Hearing and Vestibular Symptoms in Barotraumatic Perilymphatic Fistula.

Otol Neurotol 2019 04;40(4):e356-e363

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul.

Objective: To analyze surgical results on hearing and vestibular symptoms in patients with barotraumatic perilymphatic fistula (PLF) according to diagnostic criteria.

Methods: A total of 39 patients (41 ears) who underwent surgery on suspicion of barotraumatic PLF from January 2005 to December 2017 were included. Pure tone audiometry and videonystagmography (VNG) recording for spontaneous nystagmus and positional tests were performed preoperatively and postoperatively at 1 week and 1 month. Read More

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Perilymphatic fistula and pneumolabyrinth without temporal bone fracture: a rare entity.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 1;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Otorhinolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

Post-traumatic pneumolabyrinth is an uncommon clinical entity, particularly in the absence of temporal bone fracture. We report the case of a patient who presented to our emergency department with a headache, sudden left hearing loss and severe dizziness which began after a traumatic brain injury 3 days earlier. On examination, the patient presented signs of left vestibulopathy, left sensorineural hearing loss and positive fistula test, normal otoscopy and without focal neurological signs. Read More

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Vestibule-Middle Ear Dehiscence Tested With Perilymph-Specific Protein Cochlin-Tomoprotein (CTP) Detection Test.

Front Neurol 2019 30;10:47. Epub 2019 Jan 30.

Department of Otolaryngology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

An 8-year-old boy was referred to the ENT department for further evaluation of right-sided conductive hearing loss. A small cyst anterior to the oval window and fixation of the stapes footplate were observed during an exploratory tympanotomy. The concentration of a perilymph-specific protein, cochlin-tomoprotein (CTP), in the middle ear lavage fluid was measured with an ELISA-based CTP detection kit. Read More

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January 2019

Diagnosis and Treatment of Perilymphatic Fistula.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2018 6;81:133-145. Epub 2018 Apr 6.

Perilymphatic fistula (PLF) is defined as an abnormal communication between the fluid (perilymph)-filled space of the inner ear and the air-filled space of the middle ear and mastoid, or cranial spaces. PLF is located in the round or oval window, fractured bony labyrinth, microfissures, anomalous footplate, and can occur after head trauma or barotrauma, chronic inflammation, or in otic capsule dehiscence. This clinical entity was initially proposed more than a century ago, yet it has remained a topic of controversy for more than 50 years. Read More

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October 2018

Sneezing and Perilymphatic Fistula of the Round Window: Case Report and Systematic Review of the Literature.

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Apr;14(1):106-111

Department of Neurosciences, Institute of Otolaryngology, Padova University School of Medicine, Padova, Italy.

The goal of the present study was to describe a case of perilymphatic fistula (PLF) of the round window (RW) that occurred after sneezing, along with a review of the literature. We report a case of PLF of RW, which was provoked by sneezing, and its consequent medical and surgical treatments. With respect to the review of the literature, articles were initially selected based on their titles or abstracts, followed by methodological evaluation. Read More

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The role of explorative tympanotomy in patients with sudden sensorineural hearing loss with and without perilymphatic fistula.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Jan - Feb;39(1):46-49. Epub 2017 Oct 9.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Soroka University Medical Center and the Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University in the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the role of explorative tympanotomy in patients with Profound Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SSNHL) without clinical evidence of perilymphatic or labyrinthine fistula and to compare intraoperative findings with the postoperative hearing outcome.

Study Design: Retrospective study of all patients diagnosed with SSNHL who underwent explorative tympanotomy between 2002 and 2005.

Settings: Tertiary care university-affiliated hospital. Read More

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Endolymphatic hydrops imaging: Differential diagnosis in patients with Meniere disease symptoms.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2017 Oct 20;98(10):699-706. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Department of neuroradiology and MRI, Grenoble Alpes university hospital-SFR RMN neurosciences, 38000 Grenoble, France; University Grenoble Alpes, IRMaGe, 38000 Grenoble, France.

Purpose: The goal of this retrospective study was to investigate the differential diagnosis of endolymphatic hydrops in patients with Meniere's disease (MD) symptoms by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with intravenous injection of gadolinium chelate and delayed acquisition.

Material And Method: Two hundred patients (133 women, 67 men; mean age=67.2±11 ([SD] years) with unilateral MD underwent MRI at 3-T, between 4. Read More

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October 2017

A nationwide multicenter study of the Cochlin tomo-protein detection test: clinical characteristics of perilymphatic fistula cases.

Acta Otolaryngol 2017 3;137(sup565):S53-S59. Epub 2017 Apr 3.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , Saitama Medical University , Moroyama , Japan.

Objective: To investigate the positive rate for the Cochlin tomo-protein (CTP: an inner ear-specific protein) detection test among patients with inner ear-related clinical manifestations and evaluate the clinical characteristics of definite perilymphatic fistula (PLF).

Methods: We have performed an ELISA-based CTP detection test using middle ear lavage (MEL) samples from 497 cases of suspected PLF enrolled from 70 clinical centers nationwide between 2014 and 2015. In addition to the CTP-positive rate, audio-vestibular symptoms were compared between CTP-positive and -negative cases. Read More

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Early Postoperative Imaging of the Labyrinth by Cone Beam CT After Stapes Surgery for Otosclerosis With Correlation to Audiovestibular Outcome.

Otol Neurotol 2017 02;38(2):168-172

*Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery†Department of Medical Imaging, Fondation A. de Rothschild, Paris, France.

Background: Sensorineural complications of stapes surgery are rare but potentially serious. Imaging is usually performed to identify an underlying cause, such as excessive intravestibular penetration of the prosthesis or pneumolabyrinth suggesting perilymphatic fistula. Unfortunately, there is very little data in an unselected series of uneventful patients. Read More

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February 2017

Autologous intratympanic blood patch for presumed perilymphatic fistulas.

Authors:
P K Foster

J Laryngol Otol 2016 Dec 29;130(12):1158-1161. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

Division of Otolaryngology,Mount Sinai Medical Center,Miami Beach,Florida,USA.

Objective: To assess an alternative to bed rest and surgery for suspected perilymphatic fistulas using intratympanic blood injections.

Method: A review was conducted of patients' history, physical and audiometric data, before and after treatment by intratympanic blood injections performed from 2009 to 2015.

Results: Twelve ears were identified, with trauma associated with air travel, water sports or nose blowing. Read More

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December 2016

Perilymphatic fistula after underwater diving: a series of 11 cases.

Diving Hyperb Med 2016 Jun;46(2):72-5

Ear, Nose and Throat, and Cervicofacial Surgery.

Introduction: Onset of cochleovestibular symptoms (hearing loss, dizziness or instability, tinnitus) after a dive (scuba or breath-hold diving) warrants emergency transfer to an otology department. One priority is to investigate the possibility of the development of decompression sickness with a view to hyperbaric oxygen treatment of bubble-induced inner-ear damage. If this injury is ruled out, inner-ear barotrauma should be considered together with its underlying specific injury pattern, perilymphatic fistula. Read More

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Hydrops of the organ of Corti.

Acta Otolaryngol 2016 Nov 31;136(11):1193-1195. Epub 2016 May 31.

a Department of Otorhinolaryngology , Showa University , Tokyo , Japan.

Objectives: The authors would like to confirm a fluid pathway from the scala tympani to the organ of Corti, and to observe its morphological changes.

Methods: A staining solution for succinic dehydrogenase was perfused with phenazine methosulfate in the scala tympani of living guinea pigs (n = 5) under deep anesthesia. After fixation, the cochleas were eventually embedded in epon. Read More

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November 2016

Pneumolabyrinth with Labyrinthitis as the Suspected Cause.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2016 26;77:23-6. Epub 2016 Apr 26.

Pneumolabyrinth is a rare condition with air bubbles existing in the vestibule and/or cochlea. We report a case of pneumolabyrinth without trauma that was suspected to be caused by labyrinthitis. A 65-year-old man presented with vertigo and hearing loss in the left ear after catching a cold. Read More

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February 2017

Perilymph fistula: the patients' experience.

J Laryngol Otol 2016 Jun 26;130(6):526-31. Epub 2016 Apr 26.

Department of Otolaryngology,James Paget University Hospital,Great Yarmouth,UK.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the experiences and outcomes of patients who underwent surgical repair of a perilymph fistula in Norfolk, UK.

Methods: The study involved a retrospective questionnaire-based patient survey and case note review of patients who had undergone tympanotomy and perilymph fistula repair between 1998 and 2012 in two district general hospitals.

Results: Fourteen patients underwent 20 procedures, of whom 7 completed the pre- and post-operative Vertigo Symptom Scale. Read More

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Post traumatic deafness: a pictorial review of CT and MRI findings.

Insights Imaging 2016 Jun 16;7(3):341-50. Epub 2016 Apr 16.

Department of Neuroradiology and MRI, Grenoble University Hospital - SFR RMN Neurosciences, Grenoble, France.

Unlabelled: Hearing loss is a common functional disorder after trauma, and radiologists should be aware of the ossicular, labyrinthine or brain lesions that may be responsible. After a trauma, use of a systematic approach to explore the main functional components of auditory pathways is essential. Conductive hearing loss is caused by the disruption of the conductive chain, which may be due to ossicular luxation or fracture. Read More

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