454 results match your criteria Inner Ear Evaluation of Dizziness


The evaluation of the sense of hearing in patients with carotid artery stenosis within the extracranial segments.

Acta Neurol Belg 2018 Dec 12. Epub 2018 Dec 12.

Uniwersytet Medyczny im Piastow Slaskich we Wroclawiu, Wrocław, Dolnośląskie, Poland.

Stenosis of arteries that supplies blood to the brain is one of the main causes of ischemic stroke which is the third most common cause of deaths in Europe. Atherosclerosis of carotid and vertebral arteries is responsible for 20% of the ischemic stroke cases. Stenosis may be either asymptomatic or manifested with typical neurological symptoms including motor and sensory disturbances as well as disturbances in vision and speech. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13760-018-01058-3DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Third Window Lesions.

Authors:
Mai-Lan Ho

Neuroimaging Clin N Am 2019 Feb;29(1):57-92

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street Southwest, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. Electronic address:

Third window abnormalities are bony defects of the inner ear that enable abnormal communication with the middle ear and/or cranial cavity. Vestibular symptoms include vertigo and nystagmus induced by loud noises or increases in pressure. Auditory symptoms involve "pseudo-conductive" hearing loss with a low-frequency air-bone gap at audiometry, resulting from decreased air and increased bone conduction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nic.2018.09.005DOI Listing
February 2019
16 Reads

CAIX and pax-8 Commonly Immunoreactive in Endolymphatic Sac Tumors: A Clinicopathologic Study of 26 Cases with Differential Considerations for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma in von Hippel-Lindau Patients.

Head Neck Pathol 2018 Oct 5. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Endolymphatic sac tumors (ELSTs) are rare, slowly growing temporal bone neoplasms which show a high association with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) syndrome. The immunohistochemistry evaluation of these papillary-cystic neoplasms frequently raises the differential diagnosis with renal cell carcinoma, among other metastatic neoplasms, whether in VHL patients or not. A cohort of 26 patients with ELSTs were evaluated for histologic features, immunohistochemistry findings, and association with VHL. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12105-018-0973-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-018-0973-8DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Anterior Canal benign paroxysmal positional Vertigo following surgical Management of superior canal dehiscence.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov - Dec;39(6):796-799. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Hearing and Speech Sciences, Division of Vestibular Sciences, Nashville, TN, USA.

Objective: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is a common post-surgical finding in patients managed for superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD). The posterior semicircular canal has been reported as the involved canal in the majority of cases of post-surgical BPPV, with only two cases reported of lateral canal involvement. The objective of this report is to present a case in which an anterior semicircular canal BPPV response was identified in a patient following surgical management for SSCD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.09.001DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Semicircular Canal Dehiscence Syndrome and Vestibular Dysfunction Disqualify a Military Student Pilot.

Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Oct;89(10):923-926

Background: Humans detect motion and gravity via the labyrinthine system of the inner ear, which consists of the vestibule and the semicircular canals. The vestibular system provides three major functions for maintaining balance and orientation. First, it maximizes the effectiveness of the visual system. Read More

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http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/10.3357/AMHP.4877.2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.4877.2018DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Sudden hearing loss after cialis (tadalafil) use: A unique case of cochlear hydrops.

Laryngoscope 2018 11 12;128(11):2615-2618. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

We discuss a unique case of sudden sensorineural hearing loss after Cialis (tadalafil) use, a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor, and the implication of ipsilateral cochlear hydrops seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We report a case of a 53-year-old male with unilateral low-frequency sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) after ingestion of tadalafil. The SSNHL occurred 1 day after ingestion and was associated with aural fullness and tinnitus. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/lary.27428
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lary.27428DOI Listing
November 2018
14 Reads

Evaluation of the Sensory Organization Test to differentiate non-fallers from single- and multi-fallers.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2019 Jan;28(1):35-43

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Among the elderly, instability leading to falls (and consequences of them) is one of the most important problems. The etiology of falls is usually complex, but balance, posture and gait problems are considered to be the most important risk factors.

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness of the Sensory Organization Test (SOT) in differentiating multi-fallers from single-fallers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17219/acem/76374DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

Diagnostic yield of MRI of the brain and IAC in patients with neurotologic complaints.

Am J Otolaryngol 2018 Nov - Dec;39(6):664-669. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Michigan Ear Institute, 30055 Northwestern Hwy Ste 260, Farmington Hills, MI 48334, USA.

Objectives: Quantify number of MRI scans obtained in a tertiary neurotology practice and identify likelihood of pathologic findings.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary neurotology center. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2018.06.012DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Epidemiology of Vestibular Impairments in a Pediatric Population.

Semin Hear 2018 Aug 20;39(3):229-242. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

Center for Evaluation of Balance Disorders in Children (EFEE), Robert Debré University Hospital, Paris, France.

The purpose of this study was to report the prevalence of vestibular impairment (VI) in children (  = 2,528) referred for complete vestibular testing because of balance disorders (BD) or hearing loss (H). A VI was shown in 51.5% of the children tested (1,304/2,528). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1666815DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6054584PMC
August 2018
10 Reads

Cochlear implantation in patients with bilateral deafness caused by otitis media with ANCA-associated vasculitis (OMAAV): A report of four cases.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2018 Oct 25;45(5):922-928. Epub 2018 May 25.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University, Japan.

Objective: Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) without systemic symptoms but with initial symptoms related to the ear, such as hearing loss, otalgia, and dizziness, has recently been reported. We have categorized this condition as otitis media with AAV (OMAAV), and have recently proposed its diagnostic criteria.

Methods: To determine the effectiveness of cochlear implantation (CI) in patients with profound hearing loss due to OMAAV. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S03858146173041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2017.12.007DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

[Curative effect analysis of the vestibular rehabilitation training on residual dizziness after successful canalith repositioning maneuvers in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jun;31(12):897-900

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Hospital Shanxi Medical University.

To explore the curative effect and quality life of the vestibular rehabilitation training on residual dizziness after successful canalith repositioning maneuvers in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Residual dizziness after successful canalith repositioning maneuvers in patients with BPPV were enrolled in our study. They were randomized into three groups, the control group A were no disposition which include 32 patients, the intervention group B were guided to self rehabilitation training which include 33 patients, the control group C were guided to Brandt Daroff training which include 33 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.12.001DOI Listing
June 2017
3 Reads

[Research progresses in vestibular rehabilitation].

Authors:
Y J Li X R Xu

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Oct;31(20):1612-1616

Vestibular rehabilitation is one of the treatments of vertigo, which major based on vestibular exercise. Unlike general exercise, it is a highly specialized designed method without medication or traumatic. Vestibular rehabilitation includes peripheral rehabilitation,central rehabilitation, alternative rehabilitation, visual conflict rehabilitation and fall prevention rehabilitation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2017.20.018DOI Listing
October 2017
1 Read

Acute Unilateral Audiovestibulopathy due to Embolic Labyrinthine Infarction.

Front Neurol 2018 2;9:311. Epub 2018 May 2.

Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea.

Introduction: Labyrinthine infarction is a cause of acute audiovestibulopathy, but can be diagnosed only in association with other infarctions involving the brainstem or cerebellar areas supplied by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) since current imaging techniques cannot visualize an infarction confined to the labyrinth. This case series aimed to establish embolic labyrinthine infarction as a mechanism of isolated acute audiovestibulopathy.

Methods: We analyzed clinical features, imaging findings, and mechanisms of embolism in 10 patients (8 men, age range: 38-76) who had developed acute audiovestibulopathy in association with an obvious source of embolism and concurrent acute embolic infarctions in the non-anterior inferior cerebellar artery territories. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5940739PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy: evaluation of the vestibular system with cervical and ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jun 27;275(6):1507-1512. Epub 2018 Apr 27.

Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, University "Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Purpose: To investigate the possibility of vestibular damage in a group of patients suffering from chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) using a diagnostic protocol including the caloric test, C-VEMPs and O-VEMPs.

Methods: Twenty patients suffering from CIDP (mean age 58.5 years, range 33-80 years; 4 women and 16 men) were investigated. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00405-018-4981-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-4981-9DOI Listing
June 2018
12 Reads

Home particle repositioning maneuver to prevent the recurrence of posterior canal BPPV.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2018 Oct 8;45(5):980-984. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Objective: To check the value of home particle repositioning maneuver in the prevention of the recurrence of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (pc-BPPV).

Methods: In this study, patients diagnosed as unilateral posterior canal BPPV were selected following an accurate evaluation using video goggle VNG system. All patients were managed by particle repositioning maneuver (PRM). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2018.02.005DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Decompensated labyrinthine weakness presenting as de novo peripheral vertigo: a discrete clinical entity?

Authors:
A F Jahn

J Laryngol Otol 2018 Feb 18;132(2):117-121. Epub 2018 Jan 18.

Department of Otolaryngology,Mount Sinai West Hospital Center,New York,USA.

Objective: A distinct subgroup of patients, presenting with apparently spontaneous onset of vertigo, is described.

Results: Although vestibular evaluation revealed caloric weakness, the proximate cause of vertigo was not labyrinthine dysfunction, but rather the loss of vestibular compensation for an older and previously compensated labyrinthine injury.

Conclusion: Instead of addressing the vestibular weakness, effective management needs to focus on the condition that has caused the loss of compensation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215118000063DOI Listing
February 2018

Vestibular Schwannoma and Ipsilateral Endolymphatic Hydrops: An Unusual Association.

Int Tinnitus J 2017 Dec 1;21(2):128-132. Epub 2017 Dec 1.

Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy.

Vestibular schwannoma and endolymphatic hydrops are two conditions that may present with similar audio-vestibular symptoms. The association of the two in the same patient represents an unusual finding that may lead clinicians to errors and delays in diagnosis and clinical management of affected subjects. We discuss the case of a patient with an intrameatal vestibular schwannoma reporting symptoms suggestive for ipsilateral endolymphatic hydrops. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/0946-5448.20170024DOI Listing
December 2017
4 Reads

The Reliability and Validity of "Dokuz Eylül University Meniere's Disease Disability Scale".

J Int Adv Otol 2018 Aug;14(2):304-311

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Objective: Ménière's Disease (MD) is a chronic, non-life threatening inner ear disease, with attacks of disabling vertigo, progressive hearing loss, and tinnitus as the major symptoms. All three symptoms, separately or in combination, cause great distress and have a considerable impact on the quality of life of the patients. The aims of this study were to develop a disease-specific quality of life survey for patients with MD and to analyze the relationships between the audiovestibular findings and the survey. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2017.4386DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354445PMC
August 2018
9 Reads

Bone-conducted Vestibular-evoked Myogenic Potentials Before and After Stapes Surgery.

Otol Neurotol 2018 01;39(1):6-11

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya City, Hyogo, Japan.

Objective: To identify whether stapes surgery causes otolith dysfunction using bone-conducted vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs).

Study Design: Prospective study.

Setting: Hyogo College of Medicine Hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001619DOI Listing
January 2018
1 Read

Diagnostic evaluation of neck torsion test in objective examination in patients with vertigo and/or hearing impairment.

Otolaryngol Pol 2017 Oct;71(5):18-28

The Otolaryngology, Laryngological Oncology, Audiology and Phoniatry Clinic of the Clinical University Hospital in Łódź Head of the Clinic: Professor Jurek Olszewski, MD, PhD.

Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss.

Material And Methods: The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17-79 years, who were divided into two groups: I - 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17-79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II - 50 patients - the control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0010.5313DOI Listing
October 2017
8 Reads

Menière and Friends: Imaging and Classification of Hydropic Ear Disease.

Authors:
Robert Gürkov

Otol Neurotol 2017 12;38(10):e539-e544

*Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery †German Centre for Vertigo and Balance Disorder, University of Munich, München, Germany.

Background: Over 75 years ago, endolymphatic hydrops was discovered as the pathologic correlate of Menière's disease. However, this pathologic finding could be ascertained only in postmortem histologic studies. Due to this diagnostic dilemma and the variable manifestation of the various audiovestibular symptoms, diagnostic classification systems based on clinical findings have been used hitherto. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001479DOI Listing
December 2017
9 Reads

Evaluation of Vestibular Functions in Patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease.

Audiol Neurootol 2017 28;22(3):190-195. Epub 2017 Oct 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease is an idiopathic, multisystem autoimmune disorder characterized by bilateral, diffuse granulomatous uveitis associated with neurological, audiovestibular, and dermatological manifestations. The purpose of this study is to investigate vestibular functions in patients with VKH disease. A total of 43 patients with VKH disease in Hokkaido University Hospital were enrolled in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000481426DOI Listing
July 2018
10 Reads

Dizziness Handicap Inventory Score Is Highly Correlated With Markers of Gait Disturbance.

Otol Neurotol 2017 12;38(10):1490-1499

*Department of Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering, Columbia University †Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons ‡New York Presbyterian-Columbia University Irving Medical Center §Department of Rehabilitative and Regenerative Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center ||Division of Otology, Neurotology, and Skull Base Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.

Objective: To evaluate the association between Dizziness Handicap Inventory-Screening version (DHI-S) score and spatiotemporal gait parameters using SoleSound, a newly developed, inexpensive, portable footwear-based gait analysis system.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Patients: One hundred eighteen patients recruited from otology clinic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001586DOI Listing
December 2017
23 Reads

Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex Abnormalities in Posterior Semicircular Canal Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo: A Pilot Study.

Iran J Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Sep;29(94):269-274

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), involving the semicircular canals, is one of the most common diseases of the inner ear. The video head impulse test (vHIT) is a new test that examines the function of the canals. This study aimed to investigate the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gain, gain asymmetry and saccades after stimulating all six canals in patients definitively diagnosed with posterior semicircular canal BPPV (PSC-BPPV). Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5610375PMC
September 2017
6 Reads

Sensitivity of caloric test and video head impulse as screening test for chronic vestibular complaints.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2017 Aug;72(8):469-473

Departamento de Otorrinolaringologia, Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objective:: This study compared the results of the caloric test with those of the video head impulse test obtained during the same session and evaluated whether the former can be used to screen for non-acute vestibular dysfunction.

Methods:: A total of 157 participants complaining of dizziness with vestibular characteristics of varying durations and clinical courses completed the caloric test and video head impulse test.

Results:: Significantly more caloric test results than video head impulse test results were abnormal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2017(08)03DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5577631PMC
August 2017
2 Reads

[Comparative evaluation of vertigo in patients after stapedotomy and stapedectomy].

Orv Hetil 2017 Sep;158(38):1503-1511

Klinikai Központ, Fül-Orr-Gégészeti és Fej-Nyaksebészeti Klinika, Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Pécs, Munkácsy Mihály u. 2., 7621.

Introduction And Aim: The reason of gradually developing conductive hearing loss in otosclerotic patients is the ossification of the stapes footplate to the surrounding bony structures and the therapy of stapes fixation is mainly surgical. In stapedotomy the footplate of the stapes is fenestrated with laser and microdrill in a diameter of 0.8 mm, whereas in stapedectomy there is complete removal of the footplate followed by the reconstruction of the ossicular chain. Read More

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http://www.akademiai.com/doi/abs/10.1556/650.2017.30843
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/650.2017.30843DOI Listing
September 2017
10 Reads

Treatment of peripheral vestibular dysfunction using photobiomodulation.

J Biomed Opt 2017 Aug;22(8):1-7

Dankook University College of Medicine, Department Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery and Beckman, Republic of Korea.

Gentamicin, which is still used in modern medicine, is a known vestibular toxic agent, and various degrees of balance problems have been observed after exposure to this pharmacologic agent. Photobiomodulation is a candidate therapy for vertigo due to its ability to reach deep inner ear organs such as the cochlea. Previous reports have suggested that photobiomodulation can improve hearing and cochlea function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.JBO.22.8.088001DOI Listing
August 2017
7 Reads

Enlarged vestibular aqueduct: Audiological and genetical features in children and adolescents.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Oct 29;101:254-258. Epub 2017 Jul 29.

Clinic of Audiology & ENT, University of Ferrara, Italy.

Background: Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct (EVA) is one of the most common congenital malformations associated with sensorineural or mixed hearing loss. The association between hearing loss and EVA is described in syndromic (i.e. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2017.07.042DOI Listing
October 2017
9 Reads

Effects of Selective Seratonine Re-Uptake Inhibitors on Meniere's Disease.

J Int Adv Otol 2017 Aug 21;13(2):276-278. Epub 2017 Jun 21.

Department of Pharmacology, Çukurova University School of Medicine, Adana, Turkey.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) on Meniere's disease (MD) on patients who have both MD and generalized anxiety disorder.

Materials And Methods: All patients were evaluated with neurotologic examination, videonystagmography, audiological tests, and inner ear magnetic resonance imaging. Characteristic history and the evaluation of the patients' vertigo attacks during the attacks were the primary criteria for the diagnosis of MD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/iao.2017.3042DOI Listing
August 2017
3 Reads

Translabyrinthine vestibular schwannoma resection with simultaneous cochlear implantation.

Cochlear Implants Int 2017 09 12;18(5):278-284. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

a Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery , Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine , 1200 East Broad Street, West Hospital, 12th Floor, South Wing, Suite 313, PO Box 980146, Richmond , VA 23298-0146 , USA.

Objectives: (1) Report a rare case of translabyrinthine resection of a sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) and concurrent cochlear implantation (CI). (2) Discuss pre-, intra-, and post-operative considerations in this unique patient population. (3) Describe surgical and audiologic outcomes reported in this population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14670100.2017.1337665DOI Listing
September 2017
28 Reads

Morphometric evaluation of facial and vestibulocochlear nerves using magnetic resonance imaging: comparison of Menière's disease ears with normal hearing ears.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Aug 5;274(8):3029-3039. Epub 2017 Jun 5.

Institute for Clinical Radiology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Hospital Munich, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377, Munich, Germany.

Loss of neural structures (such as hair cells or neurones within the spiral ganglion) has been proposed to be involved in Menière's disease (MD) (Spoendlin et al. Acta oto-laryngologica Supplementum 499:1-21, 1; Merchant et al. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Off J Eur Feder Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Soc (EUFOS) Affil German Soc Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Head Neck Surg 252(2):63-75, 2; Tsuji et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-017-4616-6DOI Listing
August 2017
27 Reads

Pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence: illustrative case and systematic review.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2017 Aug 26;20(2):196-203. Epub 2017 May 26.

Departments of 1 Neurosurgery.

OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study is to present an illustrative case of pediatric superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD) and to systematically review the current published literature in the pediatric population. METHODS An electronic search of the Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Embase databases was performed by 2 independent authors through January 2017. Search term combinations included "pediatrics," "children," "canal," and "dehiscence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2017.3.PEDS1734DOI Listing
August 2017
34 Reads

Diagnostic evaluation of neck torsion test in objective examination in patients with vertigo and/or hearing-impairment.

Otolaryngol Pol 2017 Jun;71(3):20-26

Klinika Otolaryngologii i Onkologii Laryngologicznej II Katedry Otolaryngologii UM w Łodzi Kierownik: prof. dr hab. med. J. Olszewski.

Introduction:

Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the neck torsion test in objective examinations of patients with vertigo and/or hearing loss.

Material And Methods: The study was conducted in 100 patients, including 54 women and 46 men aged 17-79 years, who were divided into two groups: I - 50 patients, including 30 women and 20 men aged 17-79 years (mean age 49.92 years) with dizziness and/or hearing impairments, and confirmed asymmetry of intracranial vessels, II - 50 patients - control group, including 24 women and 26 men aged 20-71 years without dizziness and/or hearing disorders and without disturbance in the construction of intracranial vessels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0010.0129DOI Listing
June 2017
18 Reads

Utricular hypofunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2017 Oct;37(5):430-435

Unidad de Investigación Médica en Otoneurología.

The aim of this study was to assess the function of the utricle and horizontal semicircular canals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving primary health care, with/without a history of falls. 101 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 34 to 84 years old (26 with and 75 without a history of falls) and 51 healthy volunteers (40-83 years old) accepted to participate. They denied having a history of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, hearing loss, or neurological disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14639/0392-100X-1243DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5717987PMC
October 2017
7 Reads

The influence of the body mass index (BMI) on selected parameters of the coagulation system in patients with disorders of the balance system taking oral contraceptives.

Otolaryngol Pol 2016 Jul;70(4):28-34

Klinka Otolaryngologii, Onkologii Laryngologicznej, Audiologii i Foniatrii Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Łodzi Kierownik kliniki: prof. dr hab. med. Jurek Olszewski.

Introduction: The objective of the paper is to evaluate the influence of the body mass index (BMI) on selected parameters of the coagulation system in patients with disorders of the balance system taking oral contraceptives.

Material And Methods: 105 young women participated in the study who were divided into 2 groups. Group I: 52 women disorders of the balance system taking hormonal contraceptives for at least 2 months, between the age of 20-49; Group II: 53 women with no disorders of the balance system taking hormonal contraceptives for at least 2 months, between the age of 18-40. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5604/00306657.1199345DOI Listing
July 2016
42 Reads

[Video head impulse test for evaluation of vestibular function in patients with vestibular neuritis and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo].

Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2017 Jan;46(1):52-58

Department of Neurology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310020, China.

To assess the clinical application of video head impulse test (vHIT) for vestibular function in vestibular neuritis (VN) and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. Thirty-three patients with VN and 43 patients with BPPV were enrolled from Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and Ningbo Second Hospital from March 15 to September 10, 2015; and 50 healthy controls were also enrolled in the study. vHIT was used to quantitatively test the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) gains of a pair of horizontal semicircular canals. Read More

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January 2017
15 Reads

Assessment of balance and vestibular functions in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss.

J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci 2017 Apr 11;37(2):264-270. Epub 2017 Apr 11.

Department of Otolaryngology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430022, China.

This study investigated the relationship among the severity of hearing impairment, vestibular function and balance function in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). A total of 35 ISSNHL patients (including 21 patients with vertigo) were enrolled. All of the patients underwent audiometry, sensory organization test (SOT), caloric test, cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) test and ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) test. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11596-017-1726-8
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-017-1726-8DOI Listing
April 2017
3 Reads

[The significance of directional preponderance in the evaluation of vestibular function in patients with vertigo].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Mar;52(3):200-204

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China.

To analyze the relationship between directional preponderance (DP), spontaneous nystagmus(SN) and vestibular disorders, and to investigate the significance of DP in directing peripheral vestibular function in patients with vertigo. This was a retrospective analysis of 394 cases diagnosed with peripheral vestibular disease accompanied by vertigo from March 2012 to June 2014 in the Outpatient Department of the Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University. Results of static and dynamic posture equilibrium tests, SN, unilateral weakness(UW), and DP in videonystagmography(VNG) were analyzed and compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2017.03.007DOI Listing
March 2017
2 Reads

The Association Between Vestibular Physical Examination, Vertigo Questionnaires, and the Electronystagmography in Patients With Vestibular Symptoms.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2017 Apr 12;126(4):315-321. Epub 2017 Feb 12.

1 Hadassah-Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel.

Objects: Dizziness makes up a diagnostic and treatment challenge. The diagnostic accuracy of the medical history and vestibular physical examination in cases of vestibular symptoms is not clear. The aim of this study is to determine the association between vestibular physical examination, vestibular questionnaires, and electronystagmography (ENG) test in patients with vestibular symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489417691298DOI Listing
April 2017
7 Reads

Analysis of caloric test responses in sudden hearing loss.

Ear Nose Throat J 2017 Feb;96(2):59-64

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, #325, Section 2, Cheng-Kung Rd., Taipei 114, Taiwan.

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by a rapid-onset hearing loss that develops within 3 days. Vertigo may also be present. We conducted a retrospective study to investigate whether the severity of a loss of caloric function is associated with the initial hearing loss and with hearing recovery. Read More

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February 2017
12 Reads

Guided and unguided internet-based vestibular rehabilitation versus usual care for dizzy adults of 50 years and older: a protocol for a three-armed randomised trial.

BMJ Open 2017 01 20;7(1):e015479. Epub 2017 Jan 20.

Department of General Practice & Elderly Care Medicine, Amsterdam Public Health research institute, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Dizziness is a common symptom in general practice with a high prevalence among older adults. The most common cause of dizziness in general practice is peripheral vestibular disease. Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) is a safe and effective treatment for peripheral vestibular disease that entails specific exercises to maximise the central nervous system compensation for the effects of vestibular pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5253547PMC
January 2017
7 Reads

Ampleness of head movements of children and adolescents with sensorineural hearing loss.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2017 Feb 22;93:133-140. Epub 2016 Dec 22.

Post-Graduate Program on Child and Adolescent Health, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Head movements are controlled by the vestibular system. Children with sensorineural hearing loss can present restrictions in ampleness of head movements due to damage in the vestibule-cochlear systems, resulting from injury in the inner ear.

Objective: To evaluate the ampleness of head movements of children with normal hearing and children with sensorineural hearing loss and compare data between groups. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876163045
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2016.12.015DOI Listing
February 2017
4 Reads

[Simultaneous triple semicircular canal plugging and cochlear implantation in advanced Meniere's disease].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2017 Jan;52(1):25-30

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Eey and Ear Infirmary, Shandong Provincial Hospital Group, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Hearing Reconstruction, Ji'nan 250021, China.

To evaluate the feasibility of combining simultaneous triple semicircular canal plugging (TSCP) and cochlear implantation (CI) to treat vertigo and hearing loss in advanced Meniere's disease(MD) patients, so as to provide an alternative surgical procedure for treating this disorder. Data from seven patients, who were referred to our hospital and diagnosed with unilateral MD strictly meeting the criteria issued by Chinese Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Committee (2006), from Jan. 2015 to Jan. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2017.01.005DOI Listing
January 2017
9 Reads

Aberrant Internal Carotid Artery in the Tympanic Cavity.

J Craniofac Surg 2016 Nov;27(8):2001-2003

*Department of Radiology, Private Gaziantep Sevgi Hospital, Gaziantep, Turkey†Departments of Otolaringology‡Department of Radiology, Mustafa Kemal University Medical School, Hatay, Turkey.

Objectives: Presence of aberrant internal carotid artery (ICA) in the tympanic cavity is a very rare case and therefore the diagnosis is a challenge. Here, the authors aimed to address the importance of the diagnosis since the intervention to the middle ear and implants is increasing in number and this condition may lead to life-threatening bleeding.

Methods: Between 2012 and 2016, among the patients referred to the authors' Radiology Department from the Department of Otolaringology for the evaluation of the temporal region for various indications, the authors reported this anomaly in 6 patients and multidetector computerized tomography of these 6 patients and magnetic resonance imaging of 2 were assessed in detail. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000003080DOI Listing
November 2016
3 Reads

Primary solitary intralabyrinthine schwannoma: A report of 7 cases and a review of the literature.

Ear Nose Throat J 2016 Dec;95(12):481-491

Unit of Otoneurology, Lin Medical Center, Rothschild Ave. 35, Haifa 3515209, Israel.

Intralabyrinthine schwannomas (ILSs) are uncommon benign tumors that originate in the Schwann cell sheath of the intralabyrinthine distal branches of the vestibulocochlear nerve. They have no initial involvement in the internal auditory canal, although that might develop later. These lesions can arise inside the cochlea, originate in the vestibule or, in rare cases, develop in the semicircular canals. Read More

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December 2016
7 Reads

Effect of Spatial Orientation of the Horizontal Semicircular Canal on the Vestibulo-Ocular Reflex.

Otol Neurotol 2017 02;38(2):239-243

German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders and Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Grosshadern Medical Center, University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Objective: To determine if an alignment of the horizontal semi-circular canal (hSCC) with the plane of rotation would enhance the vestibular-ocular reflex (VOR) gain result as it has been previously suggested.

Study Design: Comparative study of a physiological vestibular function test in healthy subjects.

Setting: Tertiary referral center for otology and neurotology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MAO.0000000000001291DOI Listing
February 2017
12 Reads

Repeated canalith repositioning procedure in BPPV: Effects on recurrence and dizziness prevention.

Am J Otolaryngol 2017 Jan - Feb;38(1):38-43. Epub 2016 Sep 28.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Cattinara Hospital, University of Trieste, Strada di Fiume 447, Trieste, Italy. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate whether a repeated canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) influences the residual symptoms and the rate of recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in patients with post-CRP dizziness.

Materials And Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed 292 patients at the referral center for ENT diseases with a first episode of BPPV treated with a single CRP following clinical practice guidelines. In 178 patients (67. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01960709163016
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2016.09.009DOI Listing
October 2017
4 Reads

Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Secondary to Mild Head Trauma.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2017 Jan 25;126(1):54-60. Epub 2016 Oct 25.

ENT Department, Medical School, Democritus University of Thrace, Alexandroupolis, Greece.

Objectives: We studied the clinical characteristics, nystagmographic findings, and treatment outcome of a group of patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) secondary to mild head trauma and compared them with a group of patients with idiopathic BPPV.

Methods: The medical records of 33 patients with BPPV associated with mild head trauma were reviewed. Data of a complete otolaryngological, audiological, neurotologic, and imaging evaluation were available for all patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0003489416674961DOI Listing
January 2017
10 Reads

Utility of the Frequency Tuning Measure of oVEMP in Differentiating Meniere's Disease from BPPV.

J Am Acad Audiol 2016 Oct;27(9):764-777

Department of Audiology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Background: Utility of frequency tuning of ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (oVEMP) for evaluation of utricular function in individuals with Meniere's disease is a recent development. However, there is dearth of studies regarding its utility in differential diagnosis of Meniere's disease from other vestibular pathologies.

Purpose: The present study aimed at investigating the feasibility of frequency tuning of oVEMP in discriminating Meniere's disease from benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3766/jaaa.15141DOI Listing
October 2016
6 Reads

Ischemic syndromes causing dizziness and vertigo.

Handb Clin Neurol 2016 ;137:317-40

Department of Neurology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. Electronic address:

Dizziness/vertigo and imbalance are the most common symptoms of vertebrobasilar ischemia. Even though dizziness/vertigo usually accompanies other neurologic symptoms and signs in cerebrovascular disorders, a diagnosis of isolated vascular vertigo is increasing markedly by virtue of recent developments in clinical neurotology and neuroimaging. It is important to differentiate isolated vertigo of a vascular cause from more benign disorders involving the inner ear, since therapeutic strategies and prognosis differ between these two conditions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-63437-5.00023-6DOI Listing
February 2017
24 Reads