10 results match your criteria Inhalant-Related Psychiatric Disorders

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Is Transducer Hygiene sufficient when Vaginal Probes are used in the Clinical Routine?

Authors:
E Merz

Ultraschall Med 2016 Apr 8;37(2):137-9. Epub 2016 Apr 8.

Vaginal ultrasound probes are semi-critical Group A medical products which must be disinfected following the manufacturer's instructions after every patient examination. According to the "Essential Requirements for Medical Devices (Directive 93/42/EEC, Annex I, paragraph 13)" the manufacturer's instructions for use for reusable products must contain suitable instructions for preparation processes. This presumes both an effective and material-compatible method. Read More

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April 2016
53 Reads

[Current situation and clinical characteristics of sedative-related disorder patients in Japan: a comparison with methamphetamine-related disorder patients].

Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi 2011 ;113(12):1184-98

National Institute of Mental Health, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to examine the current situation regarding sedative (mainly benzodiazepines)-related disorder in Japan and the clinical characteristics of Japanese patients with this disorder.

Subjects: Subjects were 671 drug-related disorder patients diagnosed according to the ICD-10 classification as "F1: mental and behavioural disorders due to psychoactive substance use," who abused psychoactive substances other than alcohol. Of all the psychiatric hospitals in Japan between September and October 2010, these drug-related disorder patients had consecutively consulted or were admitted to 153 psychiatric hospitals. Read More

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April 2012
9 Reads

Inhalant use and inhalant use disorders in the United States.

Addict Sci Clin Pract 2011 Jul;6(1):18-31

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA.

More than 22 million Americans age 12 and older have used inhalants, and every year more than 750,000 use inhalants for the first time. Despite the substantial prevalence and serious toxicities of inhalant use, it has been termed "the forgotten epidemic." Inhalant abuse remains the least-studied form of substance abuse, although research on its epidemiology, neurobiology, treatment, and prevention has accelerated in recent years. Read More

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July 2011
27 Reads

The prevalence and clinical significance of inhalant withdrawal symptoms among a national sample.

Subst Abuse Rehabil 2011 Apr;2011(2):69-76

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

BACKGROUND: Inhalants are among the most common and dangerous forms of substance use, but very little research on inhalant use disorders exist. Unlike other substances, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition (DSM-IV) indicates that inhalants do not have an associated withdrawal syndrome among persons who meet criteria for inhalant dependence. METHODS: Using data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, this study examines the prevalence of withdrawal symptoms among inhalant users. Read More

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April 2011
3 Citations

[Inhalant-related disorder].

Nihon Rinsho 2010 Aug;68(8):1494-8

Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine.

Inhalant abuse and dependence are prevalent in adolescent population because inhalants are inexpensive, legal and accessible substance for youth. In Japan, the prevalence of inhalant abuse and dependence is gradually declining in these days, although inhalants can still become a "gateway drug" to other dependent substances such as cocaine and cannabinoids. Inhalant abuse causes show serious mental and somatic symptoms, and mortality in acute and chronic phases, while the abusers are ignorant about it. Read More

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August 2010
14 Reads

Accidental deaths due to inhalant misuse in North Carolina: 2000-2008.

Subst Use Misuse 2010 Jul;45(9):1330-9

Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536-0086, USA.

This study describes the number and characteristics of accidental deaths associated with recreational inhalant misuse in North Carolina from 2000 to 2008. Inhalant-related deaths were identified via an electronic search of records of the North Carolina Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. Thirty deaths were attributed to recreational inhalant use, and nearly a third involved the inhalation of compressed-air products. Read More

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July 2010
11 Reads

A survey of inhalant use disorders among delinquent youth: prevalence, clinical features, and latent structure of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.

BMC Psychiatry 2009 Mar 8;9. Epub 2009 Mar 8.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Tate-Turner-Kuralt Building, Campus Box 3550, 325 Pittsboro Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3550, USA.

Background: Inhalant use is among the most pernicious and poorly understood forms of adolescent substance use. Many youth in the juvenile justice system have used inhalants, but little is known about inhalant use disorders (IUDs) in antisocial youth populations. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence, clinical features, and latent structure of DSM-IV IUDs in a state population of antisocial youth. Read More

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March 2009
11 Reads

Reliability of use, abuse, and dependence of four types of inhalants in adolescents and young adults.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2007 Nov 18;91(1):40-9. Epub 2007 Jun 18.

Center for Education and Drug Abuse Research, University of Pittsburgh, 711 Salk Hall, 3501 Terrace St., Pittsburgh, PA 15621, USA.

Inhalants, as a class of drugs, consists of heterogeneous substances that increase the probability of many serious illnesses and death. Research on inhalant abuse has lagged behind other drugs partly because of the need for a diagnostic instrument of different types of inhalants. This study was conducted to obtain reliability estimates for the new Substance Abuse Module DSM-IV inhalants diagnoses for four types of inhalants: aerosols, gases, nitrites, and solvents as well as different diagnostic configurations of inhalant-related criteria. Read More

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November 2007
8 Reads

Survey of intradermal skin testing practices in North America.

Authors:
D J DeBoer

J Am Vet Med Assoc 1989 Nov;195(10):1357-63

Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.

Allergic skin diseases are commonly diagnosed by veterinarians. Inhalant-related allergic diseases are especially prevalent in companion animal species. Intradermal skin testing (IDST) is the usual method for diagnosis of these syndromes, and is often followed by hyposensitization treatment if an animal reacts to substances during testing. Read More

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November 1989

Japan: stimulant epidemics past and present.

Authors:
M Tamura

Bull Narc 1989 ;41(1-2):83-93

National Research Institute of Police Science, Tokyo, Japan.

Japan experienced a serious stimulant epidemic during the period from 1946 to 1956 and has been experiencing a second one since 1970. Over the years, a series of drug control measures have been put into effect by the Japanese Government. In 1953, the Japanese police system was reorganized, centralized and made more efficient. Read More

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October 1989
89 Reads
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