Muscle Nerve 2022 Jul 24;66(1):6-14. Epub 2022 Apr 24.
H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA.
Musculoskeletal mimics of cervical radiculopathy will be explored in this AANEM monograph. A review of the literature and textbooks was conducted. Musculoskeletal cervical radiculopathy mimics include: (1) head/neck pain, such as neck tension, cervicogenic headache, and temporomandibular disorder; (2) referred pain from shoulder pathology, such as rotator cuff tears/impingement; (3) elbow region abnormalities, including medial/lateral epicondylitis; (4) wrist/hand conditions, such as DeQuervain's tenosynovitis and intersection syndrome; (5) muscle connective tissue disorders, including myofascial trigger points; (6) conditions that have decreased range of motion, including frozen shoulder and rounded shoulders with tight pectoral/scalene muscles; (7) conditions with joint hyperlaxity and instability, as seen in post-stroke shoulder subluxation; (8) vascular conditions, such as thoracic outlet syndrome; and (9) autonomic controlled soft tissue changes associated with complex regional pain syndrome. Read More