37,385 results match your criteria Infective Endocarditis
Int J Antimicrob Agents 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.
Department of Medical Microbiology, Radboud University Medical Centre and Canisius-Wilhelmina Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Rev Esp Enferm Dig 2018 Sep 21;110. Epub 2018 Sep 21.
UGC Aparato Digestivo, Complejo Hospitalario Torrecárdenas.
Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Traumatic etiology is frequent (vascular anastomosis or iatrogenesisia), although it is also related to infectious or inflammatory diseases. We report the case of a 65-year-old patient, with hematemesis due to hepatic artery branch pseudoaneurysm rupture, in the context of infectious endocarditis. Read More
Nat Rev Cardiol 2018 Sep 20. Epub 2018 Sep 20.
Nature Reviews Cardiology, .
J Am Coll Cardiol 2018 Sep;72(13):1558-1559
PLoS Pathog 2018 Sep 20;14(9):e1007102. Epub 2018 Sep 20.
Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America.
Manganese (Mn) is an essential micronutrient that is not readily available to pathogens during infection due to an active host defense mechanism known as nutritional immunity. To overcome this nutrient restriction, bacteria utilize high-affinity transporters that allow them to compete with host metal-binding proteins. Despite the established role of Mn in bacterial pathogenesis, little is known about the relevance of Mn in the pathophysiology of E. Read More
Am J Case Rep 2018 Sep 20;19:1117-1120. Epub 2018 Sep 20.
Department of Emergency Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China (mainland).
BACKGROUND Linezolid (LZD) has been reported to combat several intractable infectious diseases, including multidrug-resistant infections and tuberculosis. Although quite a number of adverse effects of LZD therapy have been abundantly described so far, LZD associated lactic acidosis and thrombocytopenia have rarely been studied. We described a patient dying of lactic acidosis and thrombocytopenia associated with LZD therapy complications. Read More
Infection 2018 Sep 18. Epub 2018 Sep 18.
Department I of Internal Medicine, Intensive Care Unit, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.
Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus frequently causes infections in outpatient and hospital settings and can present as a highly variable entity. Typical manifestations are endocarditis, osteoarticular infections or infection of implanted prostheses, intravascular devices or foreign bodies. A thorough diagnostic evaluation with early focus identification is mandatory to improve patient outcome. Read More
Med Mycol Case Rep 2018 Dec 7;22:48-51. Epub 2018 Aug 7.
Medicine Student. Universidad Antonio Nariño, Bogotá D.C PC: 110311, Colombia.
Fungal endocarditis (FE) is a rare infection in pediatrics which accounts for 5% of the cases of infective endocarditis. This pathology affects immunosuppressed patients in a greater proportion. We present an immunocompetent 7- year-old female with a history of multiple cardiac surgeries who developed fungal endocarditis due to . Read More
Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2018 Sep 15. Epub 2018 Sep 15.
Área del Corazón, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, Asturias, Spain.
Circ J 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
Department of General Internal Medicine, Matsushita Memorial Hospital.
Int J Cardiol 2018 Nov;271:392-395
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, MN, United States.
Background: Studies have suggested the diagnostic yield of echocardiography to be lower in prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) than reported in surgically-implanted valves but data are limited.
Methods: We reviewed transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal (TEE) echo-Doppler findings in 17 patients with PVE (13 definite and 4 possible cases according to modified Duke criteria) after TAVR at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN between 2007 and 2016.
Results: Median age was 81 years [56; 91] and 5 patients (29%) were female. Read More
Clin Microbiol Infect 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
Cardiology and Infectious Disease Departments. Vall d'Hebrón Hopstial. Barcelona. Spain.
Congenit Heart Dis 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Background: Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) is a common operation in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). As survival with CHD improves, infective endocarditis (IE) is a growing complication after PVR. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of IE after surgical PVR in patients with CHD at our institution. Read More
J Oncol Pract 2018 Sep 17:JOP1800168. Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.
Rheumatol Int 2018 Sep 17. Epub 2018 Sep 17.
Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ege University School of Medicine, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.
There are no universally accepted diagnostic criteria for large-vessel vasculitides (LVV), including giant cell arteritis (GCA) and Takayasu arteritis (TAK). Currently, available classification criteria cannot be used for the diagnosis of GCA and TAK. Early diagnosis of these two diseases is quite challenging in clinical practice and may be accomplished only by combining the patient symptoms, physical examination findings, blood test results, imaging findings, and biopsy results, if available. Read More
Aerosp Med Hum Perform 2018 Oct;89(10):912-917
Background: For many years, anticoagulant therapy had been deemed unacceptable for civilian pilot medical certification in the United Kingdom under the Joint Aviation Authorities Requirements and, therefore, mechanical valve implants were disqualifying. In 2012, this restriction was removed by implementation of the European Union requirements. This study was undertaken to assess the medical evidence available to develop a certificatory policy following mechanical valve implants in the United Kingdom. Read More
J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Sep 15;13(1):94. Epub 2018 Sep 15.
Section of Microbiology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan.
Background: The study analyzed microbiological and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of organisms isolated from patients with infective endocarditis (2015-17) and compared disease outcomes in cohorts of endocarditis patient with history of prior invasive vascular intervention (high risk group) vs those without (native valve group). We hypothesized that high risk group would be more likely to have severe disease outcomes.
Methods: This was a prospective cohort study (2015-17). Read More
Herz 2018 Sep 14. Epub 2018 Sep 14.
HELIOS Klinik für Herzchirurgie Karlsruhe, Franz-Lust-Straße 30, 76185, Karlsruhe, Deutschland.
As the number of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) increases, so does the need to revise such systems. Pacemaker-dependent patients with a CIED infection are particulary challenging for the attending physician. Here, the CIED cannot simply be removed without replacement. Read More
Clin Infect Dis 2018 Sep 11. Epub 2018 Sep 11.
Departments of Internal Medicine and Epidemiology, Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City.
Background: Injection drug use (IDU) and IDU-related infections have increased dramatically. However, the incidence of IDU-related infections may be underreported because drug use is not recorded in diagnostic records where associated infections are identified. Our goal was to estimate a more accurate incidence of IDU-related infections by including IDU-related infections not recorded at the time infections are diagnosed. Read More
Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2018 Aug;8(4):439-449
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, USA.
Background: Significant improvement of computed tomography (CT) technology in the last decade has led to more use of this modality for evaluating infective endocarditis (IE) especially since the introduction of high resolution electrocardiogram (ECG) synchronized multiphasic (4D) acquisition. While there are a number of reports on the accuracy and value of 4D CT for evaluation of IE, there is no published data regarding the performance of single-phase ECG gated CT for assessment of IE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of preoperative single-phase ECG-gated CT imaging versus transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the assessment of complications related to IE, with comparison to surgical findings. Read More
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart Center Brandenburg, Brandenburg Medical School, Bernau, Germany.
Kardiol Pol 2018 ;76(9):1379
Department of Electrocardiology, Central Teaching Hospital of Łódź, Poland, Pomorska 251, 92-213 Łódź, Poland.
Case Rep Nephrol 2018 19;2018:9607582. Epub 2018 Aug 19.
Department of Internal Medicine, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, MI, USA.
is a fastidious organism that causes cat scratch disease, commonly associated with fever and lymphadenopathy but, in rare instances, also results in culture-negative infectious endocarditis. We describe a patient who presented with flank pain, splenic infarct, and acute kidney injury with an active urinary sediment, initially suspicious for vasculitis, which was subsequently diagnosed as endocarditis. endocarditis may present with a crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) and elevated PR3-ANCA antibody titers, mimicking ANCA-associated GN, with 54 cases reported in the literature. Read More
J Vet Med Sci 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
Division of Pathology and Pathophysiology, National Institute of Animal Health, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO).
A 5-month-old crossbred beef steer died after exhibiting astasia. A postmortem examination revealed verrucous endocarditis and numerous renal hemorrhages. Gram-positive bacteria were identified in the necrotic lesions of the verruca and mitral valve via histopathological analysis. Read More
J Nucl Cardiol 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
Servei de Malalties Infeccioses, Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Vall d'Hebron Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
Pol Arch Intern Med 2018 Sep 12. Epub 2018 Sep 12.
J Heart Valve Dis 2017 Nov;26(6):700-707
Cardiology Department, Misericordia Hospital, Grosseto, Italy.
Background: The involvement of atrial embryonic remnants in infective endocarditis (IE) has seldom been reported. The study aim was to evaluate the prevalence of vegetations on right atrial embryonic remnants (RAER) in patients with a definitive diagnosis of IE.
Methods: Since 1998, all consecutive patients with suspected IE were referred to the authors' institution to undergo transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 10;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
Department of Internal Medicine, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia.
We present an interesting case of late-onset intracranial bleeding (ICB) as a complication of causing infective endocarditis. A previously healthy young woman was diagnosed with infective endocarditis. While she was already on treatment for 2 weeks, she had developed seizures with a localising neurological sign. Read More
J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2018 Sep 7;5(3). Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Department of Clinical and Translational Sciences, School of Medicine, Creighton University, Omaha, NE 68178, USA.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are as menacing as ever and still continue to kill adults worldwide, notwithstanding tremendous efforts to decrease their consequent mortality and morbidity. Lately, a growing body of research indicated that inflammation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis and complications of CVDs. A receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily, triggering receptors expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) was shown to induce and amplify the inflammation in both acute and chronic disease' pathogenesis and progression, which hence makes it one of the most important complication factors of CVDs. Read More
Eur Heart J 2018 Sep 9. Epub 2018 Sep 9.
Division of Cardiology, Saiseikai Nakatsu Hospital, 2-10-39, Sibata, Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan.
J Bacteriol 2018 Sep 10. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
Department of Oral Biology, University of Florida College of Dentistry, Gainesville, FL, USA.
Cnm is a surface-associated protein present in a subset of strains that mediates binding to extracellular matrices, intracellular invasion and virulence. Here, we showed that transcription is controlled by the global regulators CovR and VicRKX. analysis identified multiple putative CovR- and VicR-binding motifs in the regulatory region of as well as in the downstream gene , which is associated with the posttranslational modification of Cnm. Read More
Cardiovasc Revasc Med 2018 Sep 3. Epub 2018 Sep 3.
Brigham and Women's Hospital Heart & Vascular Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America. Electronic address:
Background/purpose: Percutaneous pulmonic valve implantation (PPVI) is an alternative treatment strategy to surgical pulmonic valve implantation (SPVI) for right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dysfunction. This study sought to compare outcomes of both treatment strategies.
Methods: The study population was extracted from the 2014 Nationwide Readmissions Database (NRD) using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for PPVI and SPVI. Read More
Expert Opin Pharmacother 2018 Sep 10;19(13):1489-1494. Epub 2018 Sep 10.
a Department of Pharmacy Practice , Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center , Dallas , TX , USA.
Introduction: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)is a common pathogen in acute bacterial skin and soft tissue infections (ABSSSIs), nosocomial pneumonia, bacteremia, endocarditis, as well as diabetic foot, bone, and joint infections. Areas covered: This review summarizes the randomized controlled trials that evaluated the clinical efficacy of tedizolid in ABSSSIs, which is currently the only United States Food and Drug Administration-labeled indication for tedizolid. Expert opinion: Tedizolid has several potential advantages over linezolid including once-daily dosing, shorter duration of therapy, and increased tolerability. Read More
Anesth Analg 2018 Sep 5. Epub 2018 Sep 5.
Department of Anesthesiology and Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina.
Background: In adults undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery, oral intubation is typically preferred over nasal intubation due to reduced risk of sinusitis and infection. In children, nasal intubation is more common and sometimes preferred due to perceived benefits of less postoperative sedation and a lower risk for accidental extubation. This study sought to describe the practice of nasal intubation in the pediatric population undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery and assess the risks/benefits of a nasal route against an oral one. Read More
Caspian J Intern Med 2018 ;9(3):299-302
Bulent Ecevit University, School of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Zonguldak, Turkey.
Background: Lead-related infections that might develop after pacemaker implantation associated with high mortality and morbidity rates are challenging to manage and pose high-cost. Patients with lead-related infections usually present with fever, chills and fatigue and the treatment can be challenging unless the implant system is extracted.
Case Presentation: A 66-year old male patient who underwent dual chamber pacemaker and implantable cardioverter defibrillator was admitted to the emergency service with a six-week history of complaints of hiccups and fever. Read More
Circ J 2018 Sep 7. Epub 2018 Sep 7.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine.
Background: Early surgery for infective endocarditis (IE) with acute heart failure (AHF) is recommended, despite clinical results being unclear. We investigated the effect of initial treatment in such patients. Methods and Results: Outcomes for 470 patients with active IE who underwent valvular surgery during 2009-2016 were reviewed. Read More
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2018 Sep 8. Epub 2018 Sep 8.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Division of Infection Medicine, Lund University, BMC B14 Baravägen 27, 223 63, Lund, Sweden.
Knowledge of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Streptococcus dysgalactiae (SD) is limited. This study aimed to identify the clinical and microbiological features of SD-caused IE and to investigate any possible synergy between penicillin and gentamicin on SD isolates. Cases of IE 2008-2016 due to SD reported to the Swedish Registry of Infective Endocarditis (SRIE) were identified. Read More
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2018 Sep 8. Epub 2018 Sep 8.
Cardiology Division, Department of Diagnostics, Clinical and Public Health Medicine, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico di Modena, Modena, Italy.
Purpose: F-FDG PET/CT is an emerging technique for diagnosis of cardiac implantable electronic devices infection (CIEDI). Despite the improvements in transvenous lead extraction (TLE), long-term survival in patients with CIEDI is poor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the extension of CIEDI at F-FDG PET/CT can improve prediction of survival after TLE. Read More
Indian J Pediatr 2018 Sep 8. Epub 2018 Sep 8.
Division of Infectious Disease, Department of Pediatrics, Hyogo Prefectural Kobe Children's Hospital, Kobe, Japan.
Ann Thorac Surg 2018 Sep 4. Epub 2018 Sep 4.
Department of Surgery, Yale School of Medicine, BB204, 330 Cedar Street, P.O. Box 208039, New Haven, CT. Electronic address:
Infection 2018 Sep 6. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
Department of General Internal Medicine, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, 2-1-1 Minami-machi, Minatojima, Chuo-ku, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0047, Japan.
Respir Med Case Rep 2018 24;25:181-183. Epub 2018 Aug 24.
Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.
A 26 year old female presented for recurrent blood tinged sputum during the previous year with development of frank hemoptysis three days prior to admission. Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) was confirmed with serial lavages. The patient had no history of autoimmune disease, vascular thrombosis or pregnancy morbidity including miscarriages or pre-eclampsia. Read More
Sci Rep 2018 Sep 6;8(1):13358. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
Novel Bacteria and Drug Discovery Research Group (NBDD) & Biofunctional Molecule Exploratory Research Group (BMEX), Biomedicine Research Advancement Centre (BRAC), School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a gram-positive bacterial pathogen in pigs which can cause serious infections in human including meningitis, and septicaemia resulting in serious complications. There were discrepancies between different data and little is known concerning associated risk factors of S. Read More
Med Mal Infect 2018 Sep 3. Epub 2018 Sep 3.
Service de maladies infectieuses, centre hospitalier universitaire de Poitiers, Poitiers, France; Inserm U1070, Poitiers, France.
J Intensive Care Med 2018 Sep 6:885066618797271. Epub 2018 Sep 6.
1 Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.
Objective: Critical care echocardiography has become an integral tool in the assessment and management of critically ill patients. Critical care transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) offers diagnostic reliability, superior image quality, and an expanded diagnostic scope to transthoracic echocardiography. Despite its favorable attributes, TEE use in North American intensive care units (ICUs) remains relatively undescribed. Read More
Gen Dent 2018 Sep-Oct;66(5):61-68
Adherence to clinical guidelines is recommended to promote appropriate antibiotic use in dentistry and address concerns about increasing antibiotic resistance. Guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis before invasive dental procedures were updated in 2007 and 2015. In an effort to inform antibiotic stewardship efforts, a study was undertaken to assess the knowledge of antibiotic usage guidelines and antibiotic-prescribing practices among Minnesota dentists. Read More
Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS 2018 Jan-Jun;39(1):23-27
Department of Medicine, Nodal Officer ART Centre, LLRM Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Cardiac complications of HIV infection tend to occur late in the disease or are associated with related therapies and are therefore becoming more prevalent as therapy and longevity improve.
Materials And Methods: The study was undertaken to study the common cardiovascular complications in Indian HIV patients and to their association with the CD4+ T-cell count.
Observations And Conclusion: Prevalence of cardiac abnormality in our study was 24%. Read More
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2018 Sep 5:218492318798258. Epub 2018 Sep 5.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cairo University, Egypt.
Background Most previous studies dealing with predictors of surgical outcome in prosthetic valve endocarditis included patients with aortic and/or mitral valve prostheses. Here, we concentrate on isolated prosthetic mitral endocarditis due to heterogeneity of epidemiological data, anatomical factors, and surgical techniques between mitral, prosthetic mitral, and aortic endocarditis between prosthetic mitral and prosthetic aortic endocarditis. Methods Data of 40 patients reoperated upon due to isolated prosthetic mitral endocarditis between July 2015 and March 2017 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Read More
BMJ Case Rep 2018 Sep 4;2018. Epub 2018 Sep 4.
Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Illinois, USA.
A 56-year-old woman with non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy with implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) presented to the hospital with progressive dyspnoea of 4 weeks' duration. She soon spiralled down to develop septic shock with methicillin-sensitive bacteraemia. A transoesophageal echocardiogram revealed a 2. Read More
Heart Lung Circ 2018 Jun 20. Epub 2018 Jun 20.
Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:
Background: The optimal aortic substitute in extensive aortic valve active infective endocarditis (AIE) continues to be debated. To determine the surgical approach in aortic valve AIE with infection extension beyond the leaflets, we evaluated the outcome of reconstructive surgery with various valve substitutes in those patients.
Methods: During 2000-2013, 168 patients had surgery for extensive aortic valve AIE. Read More