904 results match your criteria Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology [Journal]


The Impact of Infection on Placental Histomorphology: A Stereological Preliminary Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2019 3;2019:2094560. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Anatomy, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Ghana.

Background: Malaria during pregnancy may threaten the mother's health and cause serious structural damage to the internal architecture of the placenta, which subsequently affects the pregnancy outcome. A better understanding of the impact of malaria parasites on the placenta morphology is crucial for better management of pregnant women and their babies.

Aim: To assess by stereology the histomorphology of selected placental structures in placenta malaria compared with normal placentae at term. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2094560DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6421040PMC

Profiling of the Causative Bacteria in Infected Lymphocysts after Lymphadenectomy for Gynecologic Cancer by Pyrosequencing the 16S Ribosomal RNA Gene Using Next-Generation Sequencing Technology.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2019 21;2019:9326285. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Background: Surgery for gynecologic cancer with lymphadenectomy and pelvic radiotherapy can produce lymphoceles that sometimes complicate with infection, resulting in abscesses. The true pathogenic bacteria of abscesses are not always found because of false-negative results due to administered antibiotics and difficulty with detection, including for anaerobic bacteria. Analyzing bacteria flora by next-generation sequencing (NGS) using 16S ribosomal DNA may reveal the true pathogenic bacteria in abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9326285DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6409011PMC
February 2019
1 Read

HIV Care Continuum among Postpartum Women Living with HIV in Atlanta.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2019 14;2019:8161495. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta GA, USA.

Introduction: While increased healthcare engagement and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence occurs during pregnancy, women living with HIV (WLWH) are often lost to follow-up after delivery. We sought to evaluate postpartum retention in care and viral suppression and to identify associated factors among WLWH in a large public hospital in Atlanta, Georgia.

Methods: Data from the time of entry into prenatal care until 24 months postpartum were collected by chart review from WLWH who delivered with ≥20 weeks gestational age from 2011 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/8161495DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393891PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Challenges in the Contemporary Management of Syphilis among Pregnant Women in New Orleans, LA.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2019 13;2019:2613962. Epub 2019 Feb 13.

Baylor College of Medicine/Texas Children's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Objective: The aim of this retrospective review is to evaluate trends in the management of maternal and congenital syphilis (CS) in a tertiary care center in New Orleans, LA.

Study Design: All cases of maternal and neonatal syphilis over a five year period at Touro Infirmary, New Orleans, LA, were identified using ICD-9/10 codes. Charts were reviewed for demographic and obstetrical variables, stage of syphilis at diagnosis, lab values, and treatment regimen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/2613962DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393911PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Colonization and Disease among Pregnant Women: A Historical Cohort Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2019 3;2019:5430493. Epub 2019 Feb 3.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Maternal GBS colonization is associated with early-onset neonatal sepsis and extensive efforts are directed to preventing this complication. Less is known about maternal risks of GBS colonization. We seek to provide a modern estimate of the incidence and impact of maternal GBS colonization and invasive GBS disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/5430493DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6378061PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Total and Free 25-Hydroxy-Vitamin D and Bacterial Vaginosis in Pregnant African American Women.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2019 1;2019:9426795. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism & Lipids, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Objective: This study sought to investigate associations between serum total and free 25(OH)D and bacterial vaginosis (BV) in early and later pregnancy among US black women to provide insight into the most clinically relevant measure of vitamin D status among pregnant black women with respect to risk for BV as well as insights into critical time points for measuring and/or addressing vitamin D status in pregnancy.

Methods: Data and biospecimens were derived from a subsample (N = 137) of women from the Emory University African American Vaginal, Oral, and Gut Microbiome in Pregnancy Cohort, for whom data related to vitamin D status (serum assays for total and free 25(OH)D) and Nugent score of Gram stained vaginal specimens in early (8-14 weeks) and later (24-30 weeks) were available. We compared total and free 25(OH)D concentrations for women according to Nugent score category (normal flora, intermediate flora, and BV) and assessed the odds of BV according to measures of vitamin D status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9426795DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332941PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Importance of High-Risk Human Papillomavirus Infection Detection in Female Renal Transplant Recipients in the First Year after Transplantation.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 6;2018:9231031. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Scientific Laboratory of Transplantology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia.

Objectives: Most of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are "cleared" by the immune system; however, in cases of immune system suppression, infections could lead to development of malignancies. The aim of this study was to find out the frequency of HR-HPV infection in early period after renal transplantation in recipients receiving immunosuppressive therapy and to follow the progression of the infection up to one year.

Methods: 43 female renal transplant recipients and 79 healthy female individuals as a control group were enrolled in this investigation. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/idog/2018/9231031/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/9231031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304592PMC
March 2019
8 Reads

Molecular Antimicrobial Resistance of in a Moroccan Area.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 21;2018:7263849. Epub 2018 Nov 21.

Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Biologie Moléculaire, Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie de Fès (FMPF), Université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah (USMBA), Fès, Morocco.

Objectives: To identify the prevalence and the types of (NG) resistance plasmids-mediated penicillin (PPNG) and tetracycline (TRNG), the ciprofloxacin resistance (CRNG), and related risk factors of each types of resistance.

Methods: The beta-lactamase-producing plasmid types (Africa, Asia, and Toronto), tetracycline resistance plasmid types (America and Dutch), and the determination of the Ser-91 mutation of GyrA were detected by specifics PCRs on 149 diagnosed NG positives samples followed by digestion for and mutation.

Results: 135 (90. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7263849DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6280242PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Perceived Barriers to Antepartum HIV Medication Adherence in HIV Infected Pregnant Women.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 16;2018:4049212. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Glenn Building, 4th Floor-412B, 69 Jesse Hill Jr Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.

Introduction: Although rare, perinatal HIV transmission still occurs in the United States and most transmissions are preventable. We aim to identify patient barriers to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence during pregnancy and assess patient understanding of perinatal transmission.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey recruited HIV positive postpartum women at a large safety net hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, between January 2016 and February 2018. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/idog/2018/4049212/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4049212DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206578PMC
February 2019
17 Reads

Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Married Women in Rural Nepal.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 26;2018:4980396. Epub 2018 Aug 26.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Introduction: We have previously determined the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among women in rural Nepal. In the current study, we also wanted to examine the prevalence of and risk factors for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the same population.

Methods: Population-based study of nonpregnant women ≥ 15 years who were married or had a history of marriage in the past, residing in five rural villages in Nepal. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/idog/2018/4980396/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4980396DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6129351PMC
January 2019
22 Reads

Periodontal Disease, Inflammatory Cytokines, and PGE in Pregnant Patients at Risk of Preterm Delivery: A Pilot Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 1;2018:7027683. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Centro de Investigaciones Odontológicas (CIO), Professor Graduate Program in Periodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Colombia.

Periodontal disease is an infection that, in pregnant women, can act as a risk factor for preterm delivery by increasing local and systemic inflammatory responses. . To analyze the presence of periodontal disease, proinflammatory cytokines, and prostaglandin E (PGE) in pregnant patients at high risk for preterm delivery. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/idog/2018/7027683/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7027683DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6093048PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

Low Prevalence of Active Tuberculosis among High-Risk Pregnant and Postpartum Women in Sweden: A Retrospective Epidemiological Cohort Study Using and Evaluating TST as Screening Method.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 18;2018:3153250. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Södra Älvsborgs Hospital, Borås, Sweden.

Objective: Studies on the prevalence of active tuberculosis (TB) and latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) among high-risk pregnant and postpartum women are few and prevalence is not well known. The methods used for diagnosing and treating TB and LTBI also differ both within and between countries. The aim of the study was to investigate the prevalence of TB and LTBI among high-risk pregnant and postpartum women in a Western Region of Sweden using tuberculin skin test (TST) as screening method. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3153250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6091414PMC
January 2019
13 Reads

The Role of Polymorphonuclear Leukocyte Counts from Urethra, Cervix, and Vaginal Wet Mount in Diagnosis of Nongonococcal Lower Genital Tract Infection.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 26;2018:8236575. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Oslo University Hospital, Department of Venereology, The Olafia Clinic, Norwegian National Advisory Unit on Sexually Transmitted Infections, Oslo, Norway.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) inflammatory response in women with nongonococcal lower genital tract infection (LGTI) can be used to optimize criteria for syndromic treatment.

Methods: A cross-sectional study of 375 women attending the STI clinic in Oslo. Urethral, cervical, and vaginal specimens underwent microscopy for PMNLs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8236575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6083538PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Benzoyl Peroxide Inhibits Quorum Sensing and Biofilm Formation by 14018.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 2;2018:1426109. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Health Promoting Natural Laboratory, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers State University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Infection recurrence and antibiotic resistance of bacterial vaginosis-associated pathogenic biofilms underline the need for novel and effective treatment strategies. In this study, we evaluated the antimicrobial, antibiofilm, and quorum sensing inhibitory effects of benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid against ATCC 14018, the predominant pathogen of bacterial vaginosis. While the highest tested concentrations of 250 and 125 g/mL for both compounds were not sufficient in completely inhibiting the growth of ATCC 14018, they did prevent biofilm formation by inhibiting the bacterial quorum sensing system in the pathogen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/1426109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6051117PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Prevalence and Clinical Significance of (Groups C or G Streptococci) Colonization in Pregnant Women: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 3;2018:2321046. Epub 2018 Jun 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland.

Objectives: Little is known about the significance of Streptococcus G or C colonization in pregnant women. The objective of this study was to assess whether vaginal Streptococcus group G or C colonization detected in late pregnancy increases the infectious morbidity of the mother or newborn.

Methods: A total of 15,114 rectovaginal cultures taken at 35-37 weeks of pregnancy were analyzed at Tampere University Hospital, Finland, between 2012 and 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/2321046DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6008822PMC
January 2019
6 Reads

Acceptability and Feasibility of Integrating Point-of-Care Diagnostic Testing of Sexually Transmitted Infections into a South African Antenatal Care Program for HIV-Infected Pregnant Women.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 9;2018:3946862. Epub 2018 May 9.

Research Unit, Foundation for Professional Development, Pretoria, South Africa.

Background: , , and (TV) infections may increase the risk of vertical transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). In resource-limited settings, symptomatic screening, and syndromic management of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) during pregnancy continue to be the standard of care. In the absence of diagnostic testing, asymptomatic infections in pregnant women go untreated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3946862DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5971359PMC
January 2019
11 Reads

Hepatitis B Virus Testing and Care among Pregnant Women Using Commercial Claims Data, United States, 2011-2014.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 1;2018:4107329. Epub 2018 Apr 1.

Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Introduction: Pregnant women should receive hepatitis B virus (HBV) testing with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), but it is unclear whether HBV-infected pregnant women are linked to care.

Methods: We analyzed MarketScan™ commercial insurance claims. We included pregnant women, aged 10-50 years, with 42 weeks of continuous enrollment before (predelivery) and 6 months after (postdelivery) the first delivery claim for each unique pregnancy between 1/1/2011 and 6/30/2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4107329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5899853PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Universal Rapid Human Immunodeficiency Virus Screening at Delivery: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 14;2018:6024698. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

MedStar Health Research Institute (MHRI), Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: To determine the cost-effectiveness of universal maternal HIV screening at time of delivery to decrease mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), by comparing the cost and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) of universal rapid HIV screening at time of delivery to two current standards of care for prenatal HIV screening in the United States.

Study Design: We conducted a cost-effectiveness analysis to compare the cost and QALY of universal intrapartum rapid HIV screening with two current standards of care: (I) opt-out rapid HIV testing limited to patients without previous third-trimester screening and (II) opt-out rapid HIV testing limited to patients without any prenatal screening. We developed a decision-tree model and performed sensitivity analyses to estimate the impact of variances in QALY, estimated lifetime medical costs, HIV prevalence, and cumulative incidence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/6024698DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5872626PMC
January 2019
5 Reads

Time-Kill Kinetics of Rezafungin (CD101) in Vagina-Simulative Medium for Fluconazole-Susceptible and Fluconazole-Resistant and Non- Species.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2018 22;2018:7040498. Epub 2018 Feb 22.

Cidara Therapeutics, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: While echinocandins demonstrate excellent efficacy against species in disseminated infections and demonstrate potent minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) values under standard susceptibility testing conditions, investigation under conditions relevant to the vaginal environment was needed. We assessed the antifungal activity and time-kill kinetics of the novel echinocandin rezafungin (formerly CD101) under such conditions, against species relevant to vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC).

Methods: Susceptibility testing of fluconazole-susceptible and fluconazole-resistant , , , , and was performed in RPMI at pH 7. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/7040498DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5842704PMC
January 2019
9 Reads

Evolution of Knowledge, Awareness, and Practices regarding Zika Virus from 2016 to 2017.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 20;2017:6350602. Epub 2017 Nov 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The George Washington University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: Our team created a knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) survey in order to assess changes over time in healthcare provider and community member awareness of Zika virus symptoms, transmission, treatment, and current and future concerns.

Study Design: The cross-sectional survey was issued at an academic medical center in Washington, DC, and via an online link to healthcare providers and community members between June and August 2016. Survey distribution was then repeated the following year, from March to April 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6350602DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5733866PMC
November 2018
5 Reads

Retracted: Induction of Heat Shock Protein Expression in Cervical Epithelial Cells by Human Semen.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 13;2017:7464838. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/S1064744999000046.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/7464838DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5702928PMC
November 2017
3 Reads

Genital Tract Infections in an Isolated Community: 100 Women of the Príncipe Island.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 13;2017:3058569. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

Femicare, Clinical Research for Women, Tienen, Belgium.

Objective: To characterize the vaginal microbiome and the rate of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in the women of Príncipe (São Tomé and Príncipe).

Methods: Cross-sectional study of 100 consecutive women, invited for a free appointment and cervical cancer screening. A vaginal slide (wet mount microscopy) and a cervical sample (ThinPrep®) (Pap test, high risk [HR-HPV], . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/3058569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5702945PMC
July 2018
17 Reads

Chorioamnionitis Leads to Preterm Birth and Adverse Fetal-Neonatal Outcome.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 17;2017:9060138. Epub 2017 Oct 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.

chorioamnionitis is rare but can lead to neonatal infection, high mortality, and neurodevelopmental impairment. We aimed to investigate maternal clinical features and perinatal outcomes and discuss future management strategies. We reviewed the medical records of women with chorioamnionitis at our hospital over a 10-year period ( = 9) and previous published case reports and case series. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9060138DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5664319PMC
July 2018
9 Reads

Pubic Hair Shaving Is Correlated to Vulvar Dysplasia and Inflammation: A Case-Control Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 27;2017:9350307. Epub 2017 Aug 27.

Universitätsklinik für Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe, Klinikum Oldenburg AöR, Fakultät für Medizin und Gesundheitswissenschaften, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany.

Objective: The risk factors for vulvar dysplasia and infections are not fully known. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between pubic hair shaving and the occurrence of vulvar inflammation, dysplasia, and cancer.

Methods: This study was performed between January 2013 and December 2016 in which a standardized questionnaire concerning genital hair shaving was administered to vulvar dysplasia and cancer patients and healthy participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9350307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5591962PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Women Living with HIV over Age of 65: Cervical Cancer Screening in a Unique and Growing Population.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 17;2017:2105061. Epub 2017 Sep 17.

University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Miami, FL, USA.

Objective: Women living with HIV are at increased risk of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which can lead to cervical cancer. New guidelines recommend indefinite screening. The objective of this study is to describe cervical cancer screening practices and colposcopy results in a cohort of women living with HIV over age of 65 who were followed before the new guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/2105061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5623791PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Knowledge of Human Cytomegalovirus Infection and Prevention in Pregnant Women: A Baseline, Operational Survey.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 31;2017:5495927. Epub 2017 Jul 31.

Unit of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, "Magna Graecia" University of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy.

Currently, the only efficient way to prevent human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in pregnancy is primary prophylaxis through hygienic measures. So, we evaluated knowledge of HCMV and its prevention in a group of pregnant women. An anonymous questionnaire with multiple-choice answers was administered to all pregnant women who were followed up at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit of "Pugliese-Ciaccio Hospital," a third-level hospital in Catanzaro (Southern Italy), from November 2015 to March 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/5495927DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5554994PMC
July 2018
8 Reads

Dual Method Use among Postpartum HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Malawian Women: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 18;2017:1475813. Epub 2017 Jul 18.

UNC Project-Malawi, Tidziwe Centre, Private Bag A-104, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Dual method use, use of condoms plus another effective contraceptive method, is important in settings with high rates of unintended pregnancy and HIV infection. We evaluated the association of HIV status with dual method use in a cohort of postpartum women. Women completed baseline surveys in the postpartum ward and telephone surveys about contraceptive use 3, 6, and 12 months later. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1475813DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5540462PMC
July 2018
23 Reads

Prevalence of High-Risk Genotypes of Human Papillomavirus: Women Diagnosed with Premalignant and Malignant Pap Smear Tests in Southern Ecuador.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 22;2017:8572065. Epub 2017 Jun 22.

Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud, Sección Genética Humana, Microbiología y Bioquímica Clínica, Universidad Técnica Particular de Loja, Loja, Ecuador.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary infectious agent for the development of cervical cancer, although the presence of the virus alone is insufficient for viral development and proliferation; this can be attributed to the increase in potential oncogenic risk, along with other risk factors. In the present investigation, the prevalence of high-risk HPV was determined from samples of premalignant or malignant cervical cytology in women from the southern region of Ecuador. The kit we used was able to detect genotypes 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, and 59. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8572065DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5498899PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Epidemiology and Molecular Typing of Pregnancy-Associated Listeriosis Cases in Lombardy, Italy, over a 10-Year Period (2005-2014).

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 19;2017:6479121. Epub 2017 Mar 19.

Department of Health Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via di Rudinì, 8 20142 Milano, Italy.

In developed countries, pregnancy-related listeriosis accounts for 20-43% of total invasive listeriosis. This work describes the first pregnancy-related listeriosis survey in Italy based on two data sources, that is, mandatory notification system and regional laboratory-based network. Out of 610 listeriosis cases reported over a 10-year period, 40 were pregnancy-related (6. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6479121DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5376427PMC
April 2017
6 Reads

Perinatal Mortality Associated with Positive Postmortem Cultures for Common Oral Flora.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 23;2017:9027918. Epub 2017 Feb 23.

Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, RI, USA; Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

. To investigate whether maternal oral flora might be involved in intrauterine infection and subsequent stillbirth or neonatal death and could therefore be detected in fetal and neonatal postmortem bacterial cultures. . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9027918DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5343271PMC
August 2017
4 Reads

A Comparison of Colorimetric Assessment of Vaginal pH with Nugent Score for the Detection of Bacterial Vaginosis.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 15;2017:1040984. Epub 2017 Feb 15.

KLE University Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Belgaum, Karnataka, India.

. A Nugent score > 7 has been defined as the gold standard for the diagnosis for bacterial vaginosis (BV), though it is resource intensive and impractical as point of care testing. We sought to determine if colorimetric assessment of vaginal pH can accurately predict the occurrence of BV. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/1040984DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5331313PMC
August 2017
27 Reads

Cervicovaginal Bacteriology and Antibiotic Sensitivity Patterns among Women with Premature Rupture of Membranes in Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 9;2017:9264571. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Busitema University, P.O. Box 1460, Mbale, Uganda.

. A 2013 Cochrane review concluded that the choice of antibiotics for prophylaxis in PROM is not clear. In Uganda, a combination of oral erythromycin and amoxicillin is the 1st line for prophylaxis against ascending infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/9264571DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5322418PMC
August 2017
13 Reads

Effect of Genital Sampling Site on the Detection and Quantification of Species with Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction during Pregnancy.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2017 5;2017:6725168. Epub 2017 Feb 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, Universitair Ziekenhuis Brussel, 101 Laarbeeklaan, Jette, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.

. This study aimed to compare the qualitative and quantitative reproducibility of quantitative PCR (qPCR) for species spp.) throughout pregnancy and according to the genital sampling site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/6725168DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5316449PMC
August 2017
9 Reads

Development of a Novel Test for Simultaneous Bacterial Identification and Antibiotic Susceptibility.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 30;2016:5293034. Epub 2016 Oct 30.

The Woman's Hospital of Texas, 7400 Fannin Suite 930, Houston, TX 77054, USA.

. Elucidation of a pathogen's antimicrobial susceptibility requires subculture after the organism is first isolated. This takes several days, requiring patients to be treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5293034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5107225PMC
July 2017
9 Reads

Bacterial Load in Daily Urine Samples of Patients Infected with , Mutation Analysis, and Response to Treatment.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 18;2016:8382469. Epub 2016 Oct 18.

Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Dermatology, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

. Increasing macrolide resistant strains of is a challenge, and to differentiate between treatment failure and reinfection a timely test of cure (TOC) is warranted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the best time for TOC after five days' treatment of infection with azithromycin. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/idog/2016/8382469/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8382469DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5088277PMC
July 2017
5 Reads

Prevalence of among Childbearing Age Women in India: A Systematic Review.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016;2016:8561645. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

Department of Epidemiology, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

. Infection with (CT) can lead to reproductive sequelae. Information on the general population of childbearing age women in India is sparse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8561645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5031858PMC
September 2016
14 Reads

Factors Associated with Hormonal and Intrauterine Contraceptive Use among HIV-Infected Men and Women in Lilongwe, Malawi: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 24;2016:5429316. Epub 2016 Aug 24.

Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Emory University, 49 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA.

Background. Understanding the factors associated with the use of hormonal and intrauterine contraception among HIV-infected men and women may lead to interventions that can help reduce high unintended pregnancy rates. Materials and Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5429316DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5013202PMC
July 2017
35 Reads

Hepatitis B, HIV, and Syphilis Seroprevalence in Pregnant Women and Blood Donors in Cameroon.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 8;2016:4359401. Epub 2016 Aug 8.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA.

Objectives. We estimated seroprevalence and correlates of selected infections in pregnant women and blood donors in a resource-limited setting. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4359401DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4992796PMC
July 2017
11 Reads

Influenza Vaccination among Pregnant Women: Patient Beliefs and Medical Provider Practices.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 31;2016:3281975. Epub 2016 Jul 31.

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 409 12th Street SW, Washington, DC 20024, USA.

ACOG's research department recruited four medical centers to participate in a study on the attitudes and practices of medical providers and pregnant patients regarding influenza vaccination. Medical providers and patients were given voluntary surveys and medical record data was collected over two flu seasons, from 2013 to 2015. Discrepancies between self-reports of medical providers and patients and medical records were observed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3281975DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4983379PMC
July 2017
10 Reads

Management of HIV Infection during Pregnancy in the United States: Updated Evidence-Based Recommendations and Future Potential Practices.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 18;2016:7594306. Epub 2016 Jul 18.

School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Emory University, 2015 Uppergate Drive, NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

All HIV-infected women contemplating pregnancy should initiate combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), with a goal to achieve a maternal serum HIV RNA viral load beneath the laboratory level of detection prior to conceiving, as well as throughout their pregnancy. Successfully identifying HIV infection during pregnancy through screening tests is essential in order to prevent in utero and intrapartum transmission of HIV. Perinatal HIV transmission can be less than 1% when effective cART, associated with virologic suppression of HIV, is given during the ante-, intra-, and postpartum periods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7594306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4967680PMC
July 2017
34 Reads

Antiretroviral Resistance and Pregnancy Characteristics of Women with Perinatal and Nonperinatal HIV Infection.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 19;2016:4897501. Epub 2016 Jun 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of British Columbia, 1190 Hornby Street, 4th Floor, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 2K5.

Objective. To compare HIV drug resistance in pregnant women with perinatal HIV (PHIV) and those with nonperinatal HIV (NPHIV) infection. Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4897501DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4930810PMC
July 2017
17 Reads

Extragenital Infections Caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae: A Review of the Literature.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 5;2016:5758387. Epub 2016 Jun 5.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

In the United States, sexually transmitted diseases due to Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae continue to be a major public health burden. Screening of extragenital sites including the oropharynx and rectum is an emerging practice based on recent studies highlighting the prevalence of infection at these sites. We reviewed studies reporting the prevalence of extragenital infections in women, men who have sex with men (MSM), and men who have sex only with women (MSW), including distribution by anatomical site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5758387DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4913006PMC
July 2017
10 Reads

Pregnancy Desire, Partner Serodiscordance, and Partner HIV Disclosure among Reproductive Age HIV-Infected Women in an Urban Clinic.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 26;2016:8048457. Epub 2016 May 26.

Department of Medicine, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA.

Women comprise 25% of the US HIV epidemic, with many women of reproductive age. There is a need for providers to address the reproductive needs and desires of women with HIV given that effective antiretroviral therapy has transformed HIV into a chronic disease. This cross-sectional study shows high rates of partner serodiscordance (61%) and moderate HIV disclosure to partners (61%). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/8048457DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899585PMC
October 2016
7 Reads

A Systematic Review of Point of Care Testing for Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Trichomonas vaginalis.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 26;2016:4386127. Epub 2016 May 26.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, 10833 Le Conte Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, 640 Charles E. Young Drive S., Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA.

Objectives. Systematic review of point of care (POC) diagnostic tests for sexually transmitted infections: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). Methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4386127DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4899593PMC
October 2016
17 Reads

Mycoplasma genitalium: An Overlooked Sexually Transmitted Pathogen in Women?

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 24;2016:4513089. Epub 2016 Apr 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Mycoplasma genitalium is a facultative anaerobic organism and a recognized cause of nongonococcal urethritis in men. In women, M. genitalium has been associated with cervicitis, endometritis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and adverse birth outcomes, indicating a consistent relationship with female genital tract pathology. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4513089DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4860244PMC
October 2016
15 Reads

Influence of Gelatin-Thrombin Matrix Tissue Sealant on Bacterial Colony Formation and Risk of Pelvic Infection.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 21;2016:2649708. Epub 2016 Apr 21.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of OB/GYN, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

Objective. Gelatin-thrombin matrix (GTM) tissue sealant use was previously identified as an independent predictor of pelvic infection following hysterectomies. We aim to elucidate contributing factors by assessing influence of GTM on bacterial colony formation and characterizing bacteria present at the vaginal cuff. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2649708DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4856941PMC
October 2016
26 Reads

Maternal Lopinavir/Ritonavir Is Associated with Fewer Adverse Events in Infants than Nelfinavir or Atazanavir.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 4;2016:9848041. Epub 2016 Apr 4.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine and Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO 80045, USA.

Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is successfully used for prevention of perinatal HIV transmission. To investigate safety, we compared adverse events (AE) among infants exposed to different maternal cART regimens. We reviewed 158 HIV-uninfected infants born between 1997 and 2009, using logistic regression to model grade ≥1 AE and grade ≥3 AE as a function of maternal cART and confounding variables (preterm, C-section, illicit drug use, race, ethnicity, infant antiretrovirals, and maternal viremia). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/9848041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4834394PMC
October 2016
10 Reads

Human Papillomavirus Infection as a Possible Cause of Spontaneous Abortion and Spontaneous Preterm Delivery.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 27;2016:3086036. Epub 2016 Mar 27.

Center for Clinical Research, North Denmark Regional Hospital and Department of Clinical Medicine, Aalborg University, Bispensgade 37, 9800 Hjørring, Denmark.

Based on the current literature, we aimed to provide an overview on Human Papillomavirus prevalence in normal pregnancies and pregnancies with adverse outcome. We conducted a systematic literature search in PubMed and Embase. Data extracted from the articles and used for analysis included HPV prevalence, pregnancy outcome, geographical location, investigated tissue types, and HPV detection methods. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3086036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4826700PMC
October 2016
13 Reads

Spectrum of Maternofetal Outcomes during Dengue Infection in Pregnancy: An Insight.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 16;2016:5046091. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University College of Medical Sciences and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, New Delhi 110095, India.

Dengue is a vector transmitted viral infection; tropical and subtropical countries see outbreaks of dengue each year. There is a paucity of literature on effects of dengue infection on pregnancy outcome and this prompted us to undertake a study for better understanding of pregnancy implications with dengue infection. Pregnant women admitted during the seasonal outbreak of dengue between September 2015 and October 2015 were studied and maternal and fetal outcomes in sixteen NS1Ag positive women were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5046091DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4812455PMC
October 2016
4 Reads

Risk of Adverse Infant Outcomes Associated with Maternal Tuberculosis in a Low Burden Setting: A Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study.

Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol 2016 16;2016:6413713. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.

Background: Maternal tuberculosis (TB) may be associated with increased risk of adverse infant outcomes.

Study Design: We examined the risk of low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA), and preterm birth (<37 weeks) associated with maternal TB in a retrospective population-based Washington State cohort using linked infant birth certificate and maternal delivery hospitalization discharge records. We identified 134 women with births between 1987 and 2012 with TB-associated ICD-9 diagnosis codes at hospital delivery discharge and 536 randomly selected women without TB, frequency matched 4 : 1 on delivery year. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/6413713DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4771913PMC
October 2016
6 Reads