6,584 results match your criteria Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology[Journal]


Antimicrobial stewardship in rural nursing homes: Impact of interprofessional education and clinical decision tool implementation on urinary tract infection treatment in a cluster randomized trial.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 20:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Scientific Affairs,Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health,Ottawa, Ontario,Canada.

Objectives: To measure the impact of an antimicrobial stewardship initiative on the rate of urine culture testing and antimicrobial prescribing for urinary tract infections (UTIs) between control and intervention sites. Secondary objectives included evaluation of potential harms of the intervention and identifying characteristics of the population prescribed antimicrobials for UTI.

Design: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.9DOI Listing
February 2019

Changing antibiotic resistance patterns for Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infections.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 20:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine,Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,Baltimore, Maryland.

Beta-lactam antibiotics such as cefazolin are first-line agents for preoperative prophylaxis, whereas clindamycin is often administered to patients with a reported penicillin allergy. 1 Recent studies have reported increased resistance to clindamycin in Staphylococcus aureus (SA) isolates from both pediatric and adult populations, and these changes may have implications for surgical site infection (SSI) prophylaxis and empirical management. 2 , 3 Antibiotic resistance trends of SA isolates recovered from SSIs in adults in the United States have not been recently described. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.4DOI Listing
February 2019

Shedding of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by colonized patients during procedures and patient care activities.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 19:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center,Cleveland, Ohio.

Objective: Medical procedures and patient care activities may facilitate environmental dissemination of healthcare-associated pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Design: Observational cohort study of MRSA-colonized patients to determine the frequency of and risk factors for environmental shedding of MRSA during procedures and care activities in carriers with positive nares and/or wound cultures. Bivariate analyses were performed to identify factors associated with environmental shedding. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.342DOI Listing
February 2019

The human microbiota and infection prevention.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 19:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Rhode Island Hospital, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island,United States.

The human microbiome participates in numerous aspects of human physiology and disease states. Recently, studies have begun to explore the role of the microbiome in colonization, infection and transmission of pathogens. This review provides a summary of the methodological principles used in microbiome studies and the published evidence of the impact of microbiome dysbiosis in infection prevention. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.28DOI Listing
February 2019

Burden of healthcare-associated infections at six tertiary-care hospitals in Saudi Arabia: A point prevalence survey.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 19:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Infection Prevention and Control Department, King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC),Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA),Riyadh,Saudi Arabia.

ABSTRACTA point prevalence survey was conducted on May 11, 2017, among inpatients at 6 hospitals in Saudi Arabia. The overall point prevalence was 6.8% (114 of 1,666). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.338DOI Listing
February 2019

Impact of discontinuation of contact precautions on central-line associated bloodstream infections in an academic children's hospital.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 19:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Healthcare Infection Prevention Program,Virginia Commonwealth University Health System,Richmond, Virginia.

We investigated the impact of discontinuation of contact precautions for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus infected or colonized patients on central-line associated bloodstream infection rates at an academic children's hospital. Discontinuation of contact precautions with a bundled horizontal infection prevention platform resulted in no adverse impact on CLABSI rates. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.19DOI Listing
February 2019

Automated data mining of the electronic health record for investigation of healthcare-associated outbreaks.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

The Microbial Genomic Epidemiology Laboratory, Infectious Diseases Epidemiology Research Unit,University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Graduate School of Public Health,Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Identifying routes of transmission among hospitalized patients during a healthcare-associated outbreak can be tedious, particularly among patients with complex hospital stays and multiple exposures. Data mining of the electronic health record (EHR) has the potential to rapidly identify common exposures among patients suspected of being part of an outbreak.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 9 hospital outbreaks that occurred during 2011-2016 and that had previously been characterized both according to transmission route and by molecular characterization of the bacterial isolates. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.343DOI Listing
February 2019

Preventability of hospital onset bacteremia and fungemia: A pilot study of a potential healthcare-associated infection outcome measure.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 18:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

University of Maryland School of Medicine,Baltimore, Maryland,for the CDC Prevention Epicenter Program.

Hospital-onset bacteremia and fungemia (HOB), a potential measure of healthcare-associated infections, was evaluated in a pilot study among 60 patients across 3 hospitals. Two-thirds of all HOB events and half of nonskin commensal HOB events were judged as potentially preventable. Follow-up studies are needed to further develop this measure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.339DOI Listing
February 2019

Analyzing the impact of duration of ventilation, hospitalization, and ventilation episodes on the risk of pneumonia.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, Faculty of Medicine and Medical Center,University of Freiburg,Frieburg,Germany.

Objective: To study the impact of duration of mechanical ventilation, hospitalization and multiple ventilation episodes on the development of pneumonia while accounting for extubation as a competing event.

Design: A multicenter data base from a Spanish surveillance network was used to conduct a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected intensive care patients followed from admission to discharge.

Setting: Spanish intensive care units (ICUs). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.360DOI Listing
February 2019

Droplet aerosol dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii surrounding ventilated patients.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 18:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Sackler Faculty of Medicine,Tel-Aviv University,Tel-Aviv,Israel.

We measured droplet aerosol dissemination of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) by sampling air surrounding 10 ventilated patients with CRAB isolated in sputum. Over 70 hours, we sampled 252,000 L of air; CRAB was detected in 39,600 L (16%). CRAB growth was higher during patient care, notably suctioning and sheet changing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.335DOI Listing
February 2019

Opportunities to bridge gaps between respiratory protection guidance and practice in US health care.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 18:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 18.

National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL),National Institute for Occupational Safety Health (NIOSH),Pittsburgh,Pennsylvania.

Healthcare organizations are required to provide workers with respiratory protection (RP) to mitigate hazardous airborne inhalation exposures. This study sought to better identify gaps that exist between RP guidance and clinical practice to understand issues that would benefit from additional research or clarification. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.361DOI Listing
February 2019

Inappropriate ceftriaxone use in outpatient acute respiratory infection management.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta, Georgia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.21DOI Listing
February 2019

Dispersal of gram-negative bacilli from contaminated sink drains to cover gowns and hands during hand washing.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center,Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center,Cleveland, Ohio.

We demonstrated that hand washing resulted in frequent dispersal of gram-negative bacilli from colonized sink drains in hospitals to cover gowns and hands. A plastic drain cover reduced but did not eliminate the risk for contamination. This mechanism of dispersal could result in contamination of healthcare personnel and patients. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.25DOI Listing
February 2019

The burden of colonization and infection by carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the neuro-rehabilitation setting: a prospective six-year experience.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-4. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Infectious Diseases Unit, Teaching Hospital S. Orsola-Malpighi,Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna,Bologna,Italy.

We describe the high burden of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) colonization and infection in a neuro-rehabilitation hospital in Italy over a 6-year period. Overall, 9.3% of patients were found to be CPE carriers on admission; the rates of CPE in-hospital acquisition and CPE-BSI were 9. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.344DOI Listing
February 2019

Healthcare provider diagnostic testing practices for identification of Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile in children: an Emerging Infections Network survey.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Internal Medicine,University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine,Iowa City, Iowa.

Objective: To characterize healthcare provider diagnostic testing practices for identifying Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile infection (CDI) and asymptomatic carriage in children.

Design: Electronic survey.

Methods: An 11-question survey was sent by e-mail or facsimile to all pediatric infectious diseases (PID) members of the Infectious Diseases Society of America's Emerging Infections Network (EIN). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.347DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Mycobacterium saskatchewanense strain associated with a chronic kidney disease patient in an Italian transplantation hospital and almost misdiagnosed as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Unità di Medicina Rigenerativa e Biotecnologie Avanzate,Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad Alta Specializzazione,Palermo,Italy.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Oseltamivir for prophylaxis of influenza in vaccinated hemodialysis patients.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Medical Microbiology, Department of Laboratory Medicine,AZ Sint-Jan Brugge-Oostende AV,Brugge,Belgium.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.11DOI Listing
February 2019

Viral oncolytic immunotherapy in the war on cancer: Infection control considerations.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Infection Control, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center,New York.

Oncolytic viral immunotherapy is an emerging treatment modality for cancer that exploits in vivo replication and other viral properties to enhance immune killing of malignant cells. The potential for horizontal transmission of native or engineered oncolytic viruses creates several unique infection control challenges. In 2015, talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) became the first agent in this class to gain FDA approval for treatment of melanoma, and several others are being developed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.358DOI Listing
February 2019

Sustained improvement in staff influenza vaccination rates over six years without a mandatory policy.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Infection Prevention and Surveillance Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria,Australia.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.365DOI Listing
February 2019

Improving the availability, accessibility, and use of eye protection in patient care settings.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

International Safety Center,League City,Texas.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.346DOI Listing
February 2019

Why do susceptible bacteria become resistant to infection control measures? A Pseudomonas biofilm example.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-2. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Hospital Mãe de Deus,Porto Alegre,Brazil.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.348DOI Listing
February 2019

Susceptibility of Candida auris and Candida albicans to 21 germicides used in healthcare facilities.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Infectious Diseases,University of North Carolina School of Medicine,Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States.

Candida auris is an emerging fungal pathogen that is often resistant to major classes of antifungal drugs. It is considered a serious global health threat because it can cause severe infections with frequent mortality in more than a dozen countries. It can survive on healthcare environmental surfaces for at least 7 days and can cause outbreaks in healthcare facilities. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.1DOI Listing
February 2019

Association of a blood culture utilization intervention on antibiotic use in a pediatric intensive care unit.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases,Johns Hopkins School of Medicine,Baltimore, Maryland.

Blood cultures are essential for the evaluation of sepsis. However, they may sometimes be obtained inappropriately, leading to high false-positive rates, largely due to contamination.1 As a quality improvement project, clinician decision-support tools for evaluating patients with fever or signs and symptoms of sepsis were implemented in April 2014 in our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.10DOI Listing
February 2019

Changes in outpatient antibiotic utilization, 2000-2016: More people are receiving fewer antibiotics.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Population Medicine,Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute,Boston, Massachusetts.

We examined annual outpatient antibiotic dispensings within a health insurance plan covering ∼970,000 members per year during 2000-2016. The proportion of members with antibiotic dispensings decreased from 33.3% in 2000 to 25. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.341DOI Listing
February 2019

Prevention of hospital-acquired respiratory viral infections: Assessment of a multimodal intervention program.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 15:1-3. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Infection Control,Rhode Island Hospital,Providence, Rhode Island.

A multimodal program focused on preventing nosocomial respiratory viral infections. Definite cases per 1,000 discharges increased 1.3-fold in hospital units screening visitors for respiratory viral symptoms during the 2017-2018 respiratory virus season but not during the 2016-2017 season. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.337DOI Listing
February 2019

Methods of estimating vancomycin use in an inpatient setting: days of therapy versus therapeutic drug monitoring-based exposure days.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7:1-5. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Infection Control,Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center,Tokyo,Japan.

Underestimating antimicrobial use based on days of therapy (DOT) is recognized for certain antimicrobial agents. We investigated the difference between DOT and therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-based exposure days in estimating vancomycin use and demonstrated that DOT may underestimate vancomycin exposure by ∼10%. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.364DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A retrospective cohort study of antibiotic exposure and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus recolonization.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

National Institutes of Health,Bethesda,Maryland.

Objective: In the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center, patients colonized or infected with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) are placed in contact isolation until they are deemed "decolonized," defined as having 3 consecutive perirectal swabs negative for VRE. Some decolonized patients later develop recurrent growth of VRE from surveillance or clinical cultures (ie, "recolonized"), although that finding may represent recrudescence or new acquisition of VRE. We describe the dynamics of VRE colonization and infection and their relationship to receipt of antibiotics. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2019.15DOI Listing
February 2019

Antiseptic effect of conventional povidone-iodine scrub, chlorhexidine scrub, and waterless hand rub in a surgical room: a randomized controlled trial-ADDENDUM.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb;40(2):267

4Center for Evidence-Based Health Care,Shuang Ho Hospital,Taipei Medical University,New Taipei City,Taiwan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.340DOI Listing
February 2019

Reusable blood collection tube holders are implicated in nosocomial hepatitis C virus transmission.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb;40(2):252-253

3Department of Microbiology, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine,The University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong Special Administrative Region,China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0899823X1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.314DOI Listing
February 2019
7 Reads

Are reusable blood collection tube holders the culprit for nosocomial hepatitis C virus transmission?

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb;40(2):250-251

3WHO Collaborating Center for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Control,The University of Hong Kong,Hong Kong Special Administrative Region,China.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.302DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A comparison of the efficacy of multiple ultraviolet light room decontamination devices in a radiology procedure room.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb;40(2):158-163

4Geriatric Research,Education and Clinical Center,Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center,Cleveland,Ohio.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of multiple ultraviolet (UV) light decontamination devices in a radiology procedure room.

Design: Laboratory evaluation.

Methods: We compared the efficacy of 8 UV decontamination devices with a 4-minute UV exposure time in reducing recovery of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE), and Clostridium difficile spores on steel disk carriers placed at 5 sites on a computed tomography patient table. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.296DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A multimodal regional intervention strategy framed as friendly competition to improve hand hygiene compliance.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb;40(2):187-193

1Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases,Erasmus MC,University Medical Center Rotterdam,Rotterdam,The Netherlands.

Objective: To investigate the effects of friendly competition on hand hygiene compliance as part of a multimodal intervention program.

Design: Prospective observational study in which the primary outcome was hand hygiene compliance. Differences were analyzed using the Pearson χ2 test. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.261DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Infections after pediatric ambulatory surgery: Incidence and risk factors.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb;40(2):150-157

1Division of Infectious Diseases and Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness,Children's Hospital of Philadelphia,Philadelphia,Pennsylvania.

Objective: To describe the epidemiology of surgical site infections (SSIs) after pediatric ambulatory surgery.

Design: Observational cohort study with 60 days follow-up after surgery.

Setting: The study took place in 3 ambulatory surgical facilities (ASFs) and 1 hospital-based facility in a single pediatric healthcare network. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.211DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Scope and extent of healthcare-associated Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus transmission during two contemporaneous outbreaks in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2017.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Jan;40(1):79-88

2Division of Viral Diseases,National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Atlanta,Georgia,United States.

Objective: To investigate a Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) outbreak event involving multiple healthcare facilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; to characterize transmission; and to explore infection control implications.

Design: Outbreak investigation.

Setting: Cases presented in 4 healthcare facilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: a tertiary-care hospital, a specialty pulmonary hospital, an outpatient clinic, and an outpatient dialysis unit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.290DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads
4.175 Impact Factor

The economics of managing tuberculosis in cancer patients in an oncology center in eastern India.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Jan;40(1):122-124

4Department of Clinical Hematology,Tata Medical Center,Kolkata,India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0899823X1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.284DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

A metallo-beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae outbreak from a contaminated tea dispenser at a children's hospital in Japan.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 27:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

1Division of Infectious Diseases,Department of Pediatrics,Tokyo Metropolitan Children's Medical Center,Fuchu,Tokyo,Japan.

An outbreak of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae occurred at a children's hospital in Japan. MBL-producing K. pneumoniae was detected in tea dispenser in the hospital, the use of which was associated with the acquisition of the MBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.331DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Route of administration for antibiotics with high oral bioavailability.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 27:1-2. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

10Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases,University of Utah,Salt Lake City,Utah.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.329DOI Listing
December 2018

Aerosol transmission of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus during resuscitation.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 19:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

3Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine,Korea University Ansan Hospital,Ansan,Republic of Korea.

We investigated potential nosocomial aerosol transmission of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) with droplet precautions. During aerosol generating procedures, SFTSV was be transmitted from person to person through aerosols. Thus, airborne precautions should be added to standard precautions to avoid direct contact and droplet transmission. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.330DOI Listing
December 2018
4.175 Impact Factor

All aboard!: Involvement of medical and pharmacy trainees in antimicrobial stewardship.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 19:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 19.

3Department of Clinical Sciences,University of Texas at Tyler College of Pharmacy,Tyler,Texas.

Antimicrobial stewardship (AS) involves the appropriate selection of antimicrobials. Antimicrobial stewardship programs are mandated in hospitals and are expanding to involve outpatient arenas. Multiple articles have been published describing the need for AS education for medical and pharmacy students, beginning early in the students' career to develop into competent AS practitioners. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.332DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Effectiveness of antimicrobial hospital curtains on reducing bacterial contamination-A multicenter study.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

3Infection Control Branch,Centre for Health Protection,Department of Health,Hong Kong,China.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of 2 types of antimicrobial privacy curtains in clinical settings and the costs involved in replacing standard curtains with antimicrobial curtains.

Design: A prospective, open-labeled, multicenter study with a follow-up duration of 6 months.

Setting: This study included 12 rooms of patients with multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) (668 patient bed days) and 10 cubicles (8,839 patient bed days) in the medical, surgical, neurosurgical, orthopedics, and rehabilitation units of 10 hospitals. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.315DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Molecular analysis of bacterial contamination on stethoscopes in an intensive care unit.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 18:1-7. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

1Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Division, Department of Medicine,University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine,Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Culture-based studies, which focus on individual organisms, have implicated stethoscopes as potential vectors of nosocomial bacterial transmission. However, the full bacterial communities that contaminate in-use stethoscopes have not been investigated.

Methods: We used bacterial 16S rRNA gene deep-sequencing, analysis, and quantification to profile entire bacterial populations on stethoscopes in use in an intensive care unit (ICU), including practitioner stethoscopes, individual-use patient-room stethoscopes, and clean unused individual-use stethoscopes. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0899823X1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.319DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

Use of a stop valve to enhance disinfectant exposure may improve sink drain disinfection.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 18:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

2Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Cleveland,Ohio.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.318DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Patient isolation for infection control and patient experience.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 18:1-6. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

1Department of Medicine,Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine,Baltimore, Maryland.

Objective: Hospitalized patients placed in isolation due to a carrier state or infection with resistant or highly communicable organisms report higher rates of anxiety and loneliness and have fewer physician encounters, room entries, and vital sign records. We hypothesized that isolation status might adversely impact patient experience as reported through Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) surveys, particularly regarding communication.

Design: Retrospective analysis of HCAHPS survey results over 5 years. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.324DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

How well do N95 respirators protect healthcare providers against aerosolized influenza virus?

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2018 Dec 18:1-3. Epub 2018 Dec 18.

4Infection Prevention and Health System Epidemiology,Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center,Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

N95 respirator masks are recommended for protection against respiratory viruses. Despite passing fit-testing 10% of N95 respirator users encountered breakthroughs with exposure to influenza virus compared to full protection provided by a powered air purifying respirator. The current recommendation of N95 respirators should be evaluated for endemic and emerging scenarios. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.326DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

Use of diagnostic stewardship practices to improve urine culturing among SHEA Research Network hospitals.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7;40(2):228-231. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

2Department of Epidemiology and Public Health,University of Maryland School of Medicine,Baltimore, Maryland.

This survey investigated interventions used by acute-care hospitals to reduce the detection of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Half of the respondents reported using reflex urine cultures but with varied urinalysis criteria and perceived outcomes. Other diagnostic stewardship interventions for urine culture ordering and specimen quality were less common. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.325DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Establishing a mass prophylaxis clinic during a hospital scabies outbreak.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7;40(2):261-263. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

1Collaborative Healthcare-Associated Infection Prevention Program,Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center,Lebanon,New Hampshire.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.322DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Sharing is not always a good thing: Use of a DNA marker to investigate the potential for ward-to-ward dissemination of healthcare-associated pathogens.

Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2019 Feb 7;40(2):214-216. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

3Geriatric Research,Education and Clinical Center, Cleveland VA Medical Center,Cleveland, Ohio.

A DNA marker inoculated onto portable equipment on a medical ward was disseminated to other wards when equipment was shared and to a physician work room and the hospital cafeteria by personnel. These results demonstrate the plausibility of pathogen transmission in healthcare facilities in the absence of shared ward exposure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0899823X1
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/ice.2018.320DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads