2,858 results match your criteria Indian journal of dermatology[Journal]


Patch Testing in Allergic Contact Dermatitis over the Lower Extremities.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):164

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, JSS Medical College, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Background: There is an increased incidence of allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) over the lower extremities due to over-the-counter topical preparations, occupational risk, and usage of several chemicals in the manufacture of designer footwear.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of the study was to identify the common allergens and polysensitization pattern involved in ACD over the lower extremities.

Materials And Methods: It is a cross-sectional study, wherein a total of 80 patients were recruited over a period of 18 months. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/164/254171
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_759_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440194PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Acetylation Phenotype Variation in Patients with Allergic Contact Dermatitis.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):164

Department of Dermatology, Al-Kadhimiya Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq.

Background: Studies have been done on acetylation phenotype in different diseases but not with allergic contact dermatitis (ACD).

Patients And Methods: Thirty-five ACD patients and 67 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. After an overnight fast, each participant received a single oral dose of 100 mg of dapsone. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/164/254166
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_58_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440188PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Chronic Arsenicosis: Cases from a Nonendemic Area of South Rajasthan.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):164

Department of Dermatology, Rajmata Vijaya Raje Scindia Government Medical College, Bhilwara, Rajasthan, India.

Two adult patients from a village of district Bhilwara, Rajasthan, consulted Skin Department of R. N. T. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/164/254170
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_704_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440183PMC
April 2019
3 Reads

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin Immunotherapy for Recurrent Multiple Warts: An Open-Label Uncontrolled Study.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):164

People's College of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Background: Cutaneous warts present a therapeutic challenge because of recurrence and multiplicity and may become a frustrating condition for both patients and physicians. In the past few years, there has been an increase in intralesional immunotherapy for recurrent multiple warts not only because of its encouraging results in the treatment but also due to its ability to clear distant warts and preventing recurrence.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intralesional bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine immunotherapy in the treatment of recurrent multiple warts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_558_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440180PMC

Lymphomatous Variant of Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):162-163

Department of Radiotherapy, Government Medical College, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_586_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440192PMC

Imatinib-induced Melasma-like Pigmentation.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):158-159

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_302_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440189PMC

A Collision Tumor: Reflectance Confocal Microscopy Features and Correlation between Dermoscopy and Histopathology.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):155-157

Department of Pathology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Coexistence of two types of malignant neoplasms, called 'a collision tumor,' is relatively uncommon. Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are known to coexist with other cutaneous lesions, but the collision of BCC with malignant melanoma is rare. We report a rare case of BCC with underlying lentigo maligna melanoma, focusing on dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopic (RCM) findings and their correlation with histopathology. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/155/254153
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_278_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440176PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Coexistence of Linear and Inversus Variants of Lichen Planus Pigmentosus: A Rare Occurrence.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):152-154

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Lichen planus pigmentosus (LPP) is a rare disorder affecting primarily the people with ethnic skin. It results in hyperpigmentation of sun-exposed sites along with the involvement of flexures. In accordance with clinical patterns, different variants such as diffuse, blotchy, reticulate, and perifollicular have been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_599_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440191PMC

Dermatopathia Pigmentosa Reticularis.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):149-151

Department of Dermatology, Medical College, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis is a rare ectodermal dysplasia that presents with a triad of reticulate hyperpigmentation, nonscarring alopecia, and nail dystrophy. We report herein a case of a 23-year-old male presenting with the characteristic triad associated with anhidrosis and palmoplantar keratoderma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_401_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440173PMC

Indurated Dusky Red Swelling on the Forearm of an Infant: Tufted Angioma.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):146-148

Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital (University of Delhi), New Delhi, India.

Tufted angioma (TA) is a rare benign vascular tumor that may be congenital or acquired and generally presents as an asymptomatic or painful solitary erythematous to violaceous poorly defined plaque. Hyperhidrosis and hypertrichosis may be associated. The lesions have tendency to resolve spontaneously, in majority, within 2 years of disease onset. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_468_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440174PMC

Mutation-Proved Clouston Syndrome in a Large Indian Family with a Variant Phenotype.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):143-145

Department of Medical Genetics, Institute of Genomics and Medical Genetics, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Hereditary ectodermal dysplasias, a group of disorders affecting skin, hair, nails, and teeth, consist of two main clinical forms - hypohidrotic and hidrotic. Clouston syndrome is a hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia characterized by a triad of generalized hypotrichosis, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, and nail dystrophy. This paper reports a large Indian family with Clouston syndrome but with the absence of palmoplantar keratoderma, one of the features of the typical triad, thus representing phenotypic heterogeneity, in spite of the presence of a common known mutation in GJB6 gene (p. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/143/254163
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_510_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440177PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Summer-Associated Dermatitis: A Cross-Sectional Study of a Unique Eczematous Dermatosis in South India.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):136-142

Department of Dermatology, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India.

Background: In our hospital setup located in the tropical zone, during each summer, we frequently come across a unique eczematous dermatosis among elderly females that typically occur in summer.

Aims And Objectives: We carried out this study with the objective of studying the demographic and clinical features of this dermatosis.

Materials And Methods: In this hospital-based descriptive study, we enrolled twenty consecutive patients presenting with typical features of the dermatosis of interest, such as itchy eczematous scaly papule and plaques distributed predominantly over flexures, self-limiting in nature, and with summer exacerbation. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/136/254169
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_668_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440175PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Combination of Hydroquinone and Fractional CO Laser versus Hydroquinone Monotherapy in Melasma Treatment: A Randomized, Single-blinded, Split-face Clinical Trial.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):129-135

Department of Dermatology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Melasma is a chronic hyperpigmentation skin disorder mainly affecting women in the reproductive age. Available treatments for melasma do not lead to long-term satisfactory results.

Aims: This study aimed to compare the efficacy of fractional CO laser in combination with topical therapy to topical therapy alone. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_240_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440181PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Mucocutaneous Adverse Reactions of Cancer Chemotherapy and Chemoradiation.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):122-128

Department of Dermatology, Global Health City, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: With the introduction of newer anti-cancer agents, the adverse effects have become more rampant which call for concern in the treatment of patients with cancer. Hence, the assessment and management of dermatological adverse effects of anti-cancer therapy have become a significant part of the care of patients with cancer and require proper and close collaboration between the dermatologists and the oncologists.

Aims: To assess the frequency and pattern of mucocutaneous adverse reactions to cancer chemotherapy and chemoradiation and grade them according to their severity and to identify hematological and biochemical changes related to cancer chemotherapy-induced mucocutaneous adverse reactions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_129_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440193PMC

Effectiveness and Safety of Metformin versus Canthex™ in Patients with Acanthosis Nigricans: A Randomized, Double-blind Controlled Trial.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):115-121

Department of Dermatology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India.

Background: Acanthosis nigricans has been associated with conditions of insulin resistance such as obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. Metformin and alpha-lipoic acid, two types of insulin-sensitizing agents, have been demonstrated to reduce insulin levels and improve insulin sensitivity. Alpha-lipoic acid is available as a fixed-dose combination with biotin, calcium pantothenate, and zinc sulfate as Canthex™. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_417_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440186PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Awareness of Family Physicians Towards Antihistamines.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):112-114

Department of Dermatology, Dr. D.Y. Patil School of Medicine, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Antihistamines are one of the commonly prescribed groups of drugs for allergic disorders and pruritus. They are broadly grouped into two generations, the second-generation ones being more effective and with less side effects. The family physicians frequently use antihistamines as patients contact them initially for their problem. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_325_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440187PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Clinico-epidemiological Study of Disability Due to Leprosy at the Time of Diagnosis among Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Institution.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):106-111

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India.

Background: With the declared elimination of leprosy as a public health problem, the World Health Organization has shifted the focus on the disabilities and deformities associated with leprosy.

Aims: The aim was to study the Grade 1 and Grade 2 disability among newly diagnosed leprosy patients.

Materials And Methods: All newly diagnosed leprosy patients attending the Outpatient Department of Government Medical College, Kozhikode, from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2013 were included in the study and the Grade 1 and Grade 2 disabilities observed were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_185_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440182PMC

A Clinicopathological and Immunofluorescence Study of Intraepidermal Immunobullous Diseases.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):101-105

Departments of Pathology, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Context: Autoimmune blistering diseases (AIBDs) are characterized by autoantibodies directed against antigens of skin. Direct immunofluorescence (DIF) study helps in confirming the diagnosis where histopathology alone is noncontributory.

Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological and DIF features of intraepidermal AIBD and to assess their relative diagnostic significance. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_515_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440185PMC
April 2019
2 Reads

Systemic Redox Imbalance Along with Increased Serum Sialic Acid is Prevalent in Patients with Active Vitiligo: A Study from a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of Eastern India.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):97-100

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Government of West Bengal, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Vitiligo is one of the common depigmenting disorders causing disfigurement and affecting the quality of life. Redox imbalance is known to play a contributory role in melanocyte destruction. Serum sialic acid (SA) is an important marker of the acute-phase response and is associated with oxidative protein damage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_448_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440190PMC

Biophysical Measurements and Ultrasonographic Findings in Chronic Dermatitis in Comparison with Uninvolved Skin.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):90-96

Center for Research and Training in Skin Diseases and Leprosy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Nowadays noninvasive techniques are performed to evaluate the biophysical properties of skin .

Aims: The aim of this study was to evaluate the biophysical and ultrasonographic properties of skin in chronic contact or atopic dermatitis to provide better insight into pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment response.

Materials And Methods: The stratum corneum hydration, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), pH, erythema, melanin, sebum, friction, temperature, elasticity parameters (R0, R2, and R5), the thickness and echo-density of epidermis, dermis, and subepidermal low-echogenic band (SLEB) were measured on lesional, perilesional, and symmetrical skin of 22 chronic dermatitis patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_464_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440184PMC
April 2019
4 Reads

Assessment of Melanogenesis in a Pigmented Human Tissue-Cultured Skin Equivalent.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Mar-Apr;64(2):85-89

Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergology, Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.

Background: Organotypic tissue-cultured skin equivalents are used for a broad range of applications either as possible substitute for animal tests or for transplantation in patient-centered care.

Aims: In this study, we implemented melanocytes in a tissue-cultured full-thickness skin equivalent, consisting of epidermis and dermis. The versatility of this skin-like model with respect to pigmentation and morphological criteria was tested. Read More

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http://www.e-ijd.org/text.asp?2019/64/2/85/254158
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_410_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440179PMC
April 2019
5 Reads

Cutaneous Abscess: An Isolated Manifestation of Disseminated Anaplastic Large-cell Lymphoma in a Child.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):83-84

Division of Pediatric Hemato Oncology, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_514_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340234PMC
February 2019

Primary Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of Skin in Axilla: A Case Report and Review of Literature.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):80-83

Department of Pathology, ESIPGIMSR, MIDC, Andheri (East), Maharashtra, India. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_320_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340242PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Exacerbation of Psoriasis with Pustulation by Sorafenib in a Patient with Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):75-77

Department of Dermatology, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_16_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340229PMC
February 2019

An Unusual Case of Erythropoietic Protoporphyria Mimicking Lipoid Proteinosis.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):74-75

Private Dermatologist, Dr V.K Jain Skin Care Center, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_441_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340227PMC
February 2019
1 Read

The Curious Cases of Burn by Fig Tree Leaves.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):71-73

Cardiac Anesthesia Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Phytophotodermatitis is a condition which is caused by contact with some plants containing furocoumarins. Furocoumarins in sap of fig tree are the main cause of its irritability when come in contact with the skin. The main symptoms are burning sensation and pain, itchy erythema, and edema, which usually begin 24 h after exposure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_442_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340245PMC
February 2019
6 Reads

Systemic Retinoids and Scar Dehiscence.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):68-70

Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey.

Systemic retinoids such as isotretinoin and acitretin are associated with numerous side effects but are therapeutically valuable in dermatological practice. Several studies have reported the wound-healing effects of treatment with concurrent systemic retinoids in addition to surgical treatments. Herein, we describe two patients with scar dehiscence that developed after initiation of systemic retinoid treatment following cutaneous surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_148_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340230PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Giant and Extensive Localized Xanthoma Associated with Primary Lymphedema.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):65-67

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Lymphedema is extravasation of lymphatic fluid into extracellular spaces and may be primary or secondary. Primary lymphedema may be caused by truncular lymphatic malformation. Long-standing lymphedema may result in various complications due to increased porosity of lymphatics, defective valves, and increased lymphatic pressure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_150_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340231PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Linear Lichen Nitidus with Onychodystrophy in a Child.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):62-64

Department of Pathology, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Lichen nitidus is a common dermatosis described classically as shiny, skin-colored, nonfollicular, flat-topped papules. A number of variants have been described in literature including localized, generalized, actinic, vesicular, perforating, hemorrhagic, palmar/plantar, purpuric, and linear forms. Here, we report an unusual case of linear lichen nitidus in an 11-year-old boy mimicking lichen striatus along the left thumb with isolated nail involvement of the affected digit. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_754_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340236PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

Generalized Livedo Reticularis: A Rare Variety.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):59-61

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.

Livedo reticularis can present with progressive ischemia and diffuse cutaneous involvement with or without any evidence of systemic diseases. Livedo reticularis (LR) is a livedoid discoloration of the skin in a reticular pattern. We report the case of a 30-year-old male who presented with an asymptomatic, red-colored, net-like rash all over the body for 4 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_246_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340240PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Acquired Localized Cutis Laxa: A Case Report and the Role of Plastic Surgery.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):55-58

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Cutis laxa is an uncommon connective tissue disorder affecting the elastin fibers leading to lax and pendulous skin and in generalized form can present with systemic involvement. Congenital cutis laxa is common in comparison to acquired cutis laxa and has varied inheritance patterns. Treatment is chiefly observation in congenital cutis laxa, and there is a paucity of literature on surgical management in acquired cutis laxa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_14_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340237PMC
February 2019
4 Reads

A Study of the Histopathological Features of Alopecias on Transverse Sections of Scalp Biopsies.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):47-54

Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Transverse sections of scalp biopsies are performed for the assessment of alopecias and are considered advantageous over vertical sections.

Aim: The aim was to study the histopathological features of alopecias on transverse sections of scalp biopsies.

Methods: It was a descriptive study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_477_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340243PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Expression of Cluster of Differentiation 1a-Positive Langerhans Cells in Oral Lichen Planus.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):41-46

Department of Oral Pathology, Madha Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background/purpose: Lichen planus is a T-cell-mediated mucocutaneous disorder characterized histopathologically by a band of chronic inflammatory cells in the subepithelial zone and degeneration of basal layer. The present study was aimed to evaluate the distribution and quantitative assessment of cluster of differentiation 1a (CD1a)-positive Langerhans cells (LCs) in oral lichen planus (OLP), thus to determine the role of LCs pertaining to the changes occurring in OLP.

Materials And Methods: Five cases of normal oral mucosa and 20 cases of OLP were immunostained with CD1a antibody; the positive cells were counted manually in the photomicrographs and statistically analyzed using -test, Mann-Whitney test, and Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_350_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340233PMC
February 2019

Evaluation of Peripheral Blood Eosinophilia in Adolescent and Adult Patients Suffering from Atopic Dermatitis and the Relation to the Occurrence of Allergy to Aeroallergens.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):34-40

Department of Clinical Immunology and Allergy, Faculty Hospital and Medical Faculty of Charles University, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Background: Eosinophils play an important pathogenic role in atopic dermatitis (AD), but its exact function remains to be determined.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to correlate the eosinophil count with the manifestations such as asthma bronchiale, rhinitis, level of total IgE, sensitization to mites, animal dander, bird feather, dust, mixture of grass, mixture of trees, mixture of fungi, duration of lesions (persistent or occasional during last year), family history about atopy, and onset of AD (under or above 5 year of age).

Materials And Methods: Two hundred and seventy-two patients suffering from AD at the age of 14 year or older were examined - 100 men and 172 women with the average age of 26. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_509_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340239PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Clinicopathological Study of Primary Cutaneous Amyloidosis in a Tertiary Care Center of Eastern India Reveals Insignificant Association with Friction, Scrubbing, and Photo-Exposure: How valid is the "Keratinocyte Hypothesis"?

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):28-33

Department of Dermatology, IPGMER, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Introduction: Primary cutaneous amyloidosis (PCA) can be classified into four principal categories: macular amyloidosis, lichen amyloidosis, biphasic, and nodular amyloidosis. Some unusual variants such as widespread diffuse hyperpigmentation without papules, poikiloderma like involvement, lesions following Blaschko's line, etc., have also been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_149_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340246PMC
February 2019
5 Reads

The Association of Metabolic Syndrome and Insulin Resistance in Early-Onset Androgenetic Alopecia in Males: A Case-Control Study.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):23-27

Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Adichunchanagiri Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Karnataka, India.

Background: Men with premature androgenetic alopecia (AGA) are found to be susceptible to cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome (MS), diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and also premature baldness can have a definite negative impact on self-image and self-esteem in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the strength of association between MS and/or insulin resistance (IR) in males with early-onset AGA.

Methods: A total of 50 male patients with premature AGA and equal number of age-matched controls were enrolled in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_724_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340235PMC
February 2019
3 Reads

Clinical Profile of Androgenic Alopecia and Its Association with Cardiovascular Risk Factors.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):19-22

Department of Skin and VD, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India.

Context: Androgenic alopecia (AGA) is a hereditary androgen-dependent disorder, characterized by gradual conversion of terminal hair into miniaturized hair and defined by various patterns. Common age group affected is between 30 and 50 years. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that include diabetes and prediabetes, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_526_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340244PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Assessment of Metabolic Profile and Ischemia-modified Albumin Level in Patients with Alopecia Areata: A Case-Control Study.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):12-18

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune-mediated hair follicle disorder. In the literature, there is no study evaluating metabolic syndrome and levels of ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) which is proposed as an oxidative stress biomarker in patients with AA.

Aims: The aim was to investigate the presence of metabolic syndrome and the levels of IMA, small dense low-density lipoprotein (sd-LDL), and visfatin levels in AA patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_238_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340238PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Alopecia Areata Different View; Heavy Metals.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):7-11

Department of Dermatology, Yuzuncu Yil University, Faculty of Medicine, Van, Turkey.

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a noncicatricial alopecia affecting any hair-bearing area. Although AA is considered to be an autoimmune disease, oxidative stress has been shown to be an important factor in the etiology of AA. Trace elements are highly essential for humans since they form the building blocks of large molecules, function as the cofactors of enzymes, and have some key biological functions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_137_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340228PMC
February 2019
8 Reads

Pathogenesis of Alopecia Areata Based on Bioinformatics Analysis.

Indian J Dermatol 2019 Jan-Feb;64(1):1-6

Department of Toxicology, School of Public Health, Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Xi'an, China.

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) describes a sudden localized patchy alopecia. The cause of AA is not completely clear and its incidence may be related to genetic, autoimmune, and environmental factors.

Aim: To explore the possible mechanisms of AA and to provide a basis for the early diagnosis and treatment of AA. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_68_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6340232PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Genitocrural Plane-Topped Papules in a Young Female.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):527-529

Department of Pathology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_198_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233041PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

Atypical Adult-Onset Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris in an HIV-Positive Adult Male.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):522-524

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, India. E-mail:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_141_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233044PMC
December 2018
12 Reads

Dowling-Degos Disease Localized on Vulva Mimicking Condyloma Acuminata.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):521-522

Department of Dermatology, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_10_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233035PMC
December 2018
13 Reads

Bladder Carcinoma Presenting as Paget's Disease of Vulva: An Uncommon Entity.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):518-520

Departments of Laboratory Services, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, New Delhi, India.

Paget's disease of the vulva is a rare intraepithelial neoplasm, accounting for <5% of all vulvar lesions. The underlying mechanisms of this disease are still poorly understood, however, diagnosing a Pagetoid lesion early is of prime importance as it may forewarn an underlying systemic malignancy. We discuss the case of an elderly female who was being conservatively treated for infectious lesion of the lower urinary tract and vulva for months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_126_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233051PMC
December 2018
11 Reads

Propolis for the Treatment of Onychomycosis.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):515-517

Department of Clinical Analysis and Biomedicine, State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.

Onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection, considered as a public health problem because it is contagious and it interferes with the quality of life. It has long and difficult treatment, with many side effects and high cost. Propolis extract (PE) is a potential alternative to conventional antifungal agents because it has low cost, accessibility, and low toxicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_365_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233048PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

A Case of Ostraceous Psoriasis with Psoriatic Arthritis in an AIDS Patient.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):512-514

Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may present with severe and atypical cutaneous diseases. Psoriasis also can develop in HIV patients associated with immune dysfunction and be presented as more severe and atypical manifestation. Furthermore, treatment of psoriasis in HIV patients can be complex and challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_157_17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233033PMC
December 2018
6 Reads

Epidermotropism in Nodular Secondary Syphilis.

Indian J Dermatol 2018 Nov-Dec;63(6):509-511

Department of Dermatology, Consorcio Hospital General Universitario de Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Nodular secondary syphilis results from the hematogenous and lymphatic dissemination of spirochetes. Clinically, the lesions appear as partially infiltrated plaques or red-violaceous nodules, which can be solitary or multiple. Several hypotheses have been put forward to explain the formation of these infiltrated or granulomatous lesions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijd.IJD_232_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6233049PMC
December 2018
4 Reads