256,706 results match your criteria Indian Journal of Clinical Practice [Journal]
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Punjab, India. Electronic address:
Present investigation was aimed to characterize the influence of alkali treatment on physicochemical, pasting, morphological and structural properties of mango kernel starches from three cultivars viz. Safeda, Chausa, Dussheri when treated with 0.1, 0. Read More
Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Applied Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology (ISM), Dhanbad 826004, India. Electronic address:
Herein, a novel binary graft copolymeric flocculant [St-g-(PAAm-co-PMETAC)] has been developed using starch, polyacrylamide (PAAm) and poly (2-methacryloyloxy ethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) (PMETAC). The copolymer has been synthesised by grafting of PAAm and PMETAC chains on starch backbone using free radical polymerization. FTIR and H NMR spectral analyses have been used for structural confirmation of developed copolymer. Read More
J Microbiol Methods 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Indian Council Agricultural Research-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru 560064, India. Electronic address:
Brucellosis in pigs, caused by the bacterium Brucella suis, is an important zoonotic infection. In the present study, fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) was standardized and compared with indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA) and competitive ELISA (cELISA) for diagnosis of porcine brucellosis. Test performances were evaluated using representative panel (n = 100), samples from swine brucellosis outbreak (n = 300), samples from brucellosis suspected animals (n = 291) and sera samples from apparently healthy animals (n = 1121). Read More
Chem Phys Lipids 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400076, India. Electronic address:
Incorporation of low molecular weight poly-ethylene glycol (PEG) - grafted phospholipids in vesicle bilayers is known to increase the circulation time of liposomal drug delivery vehicles. Mechanical properties of giant unilamellar DPPC vesicles containing varying concentrations of DSPE-PEG (PEG MW: 550, 1000 and 2000) were measured by micropipette aspiration assay or osmotic swelling. While the area compressibility modulus did not change significantly, the bending modulus and water permeability of the bilayer was found to increase with increasing mole fraction of DSPE-PEG. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006888. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.
Background: Despite the overall decrease in visceral leishmaniasis (VL) incidence on the Indian subcontinent, there remain spatiotemporal clusters or 'hotspots' of new cases. The characteristics of these hotspots, underlying transmission dynamics, and their importance for shaping control strategies are not yet fully understood and are investigated in this study for a VL endemic area of ~100,000 inhabitants in Bihar, India between 2007-2015.
Methodology/principal Findings: VL incidence (cases/10,000/year) dropped from 12. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006803. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Zeeman Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.
Background: Age patterns in asymptomatic and symptomatic infection with Leishmania donovani, the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in the Indian subcontinent (ISC), are currently poorly understood. Age-stratified serology and infection incidence have been used to assess transmission levels of other diseases, which suggests that they may also be of use for monitoring and targeting control programmes to achieve elimination of VL and should be included in VL transmission dynamic models. We therefore analysed available age-stratified data on both disease incidence and prevalence of immune markers with the aim of collating the currently available data, estimating rates of infection, and informing modelling and future data collection. Read More
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2018 Dec 6;12(12):e0006801. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
TE-11, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Sciences, Bangalore, India.
Many human parasites and pathogens have closely related counterparts among non-human primates. For example, non-human primates harbour several species of malaria causing parasites of the genus Plasmodium. Studies suggest that for a better understanding of the origin and evolution of human malaria parasites it is important to know the diversity and evolutionary relationships of these parasites in non-human primates. Read More
FEBS J 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, 560012, India.
Abrin, an extremely cytotoxic Type-II ribosome inactivating protein (RIP), is a potential bio-warfare agent. Abrin A-chain (ABA) depurinates an adenosine of sarcin-ricin loop (SRL) from eukaryotic 28S rRNA thereby arresting protein synthesis and leading to cell death. Monoclonal antibody (mAb) D6F10 is the only known antibody that neutralizes ABA's activity in cell-free systems as well as abrin's toxicity in vitro and in vivo. Read More
Nucleic Acids Res 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Division of Biology, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune 411008, India.
McrBC is one of the three modification-dependent restriction enzymes encoded by the Escherichia coli K12 chromosome. Amongst restriction enzymes, McrBC and its close homologues are unique in employing the AAA+ domain for GTP hydrolysis-dependent activation of DNA cleavage. The GTPase activity of McrB is stimulated by the endonuclease subunit McrC. Read More
Gigascience 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
Background: Foodborne infections caused by lung flukes of the genus Paragonimus are a significant and widespread public health problem in tropical areas. Around 50 Paragonimus species have been reported to infect animals and humans, but Paragonimus westermani is responsible for the bulk of human disease. Despite their medical and economic importance, no genome sequence for any Paragonimus species is available. Read More
Org Biomol Chem 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Organic Synthesis and Process Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad-500007, India.
Correction for 'A synthetic study toward the core structure of (-)-apicularen A' by Tapas R. Pradhan et al., Org. Read More
Phys Chem Chem Phys 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Institute of Nano-Science and Technology, Habitat Centre, Phase - 10, Sector - 64, Mohali-160062, India.
This study is an effort to understand the mechanism of the effect of the chain length of co-surfactants on the growth of copper oxalate inside the core of reverse micelles using small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). In this study, we have used two different kinds of co-surfactants viz. 1-butanol (C4) and 1-octanol (C8) for the formation of the microemulsions. Read More
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
Fluoro and Agrochemicals Division (Organic Chemistry Division-II), CSIR - Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Hyderabad, India.
Influenza remains a highly pathogenic and hardly controlled human infection. The ability of selecting drug-resistant variants necessitates the search and development of novel anti-influenza drugs. Herein, we describe the synthesis and evaluation of a series of novel 2-substituted 7,8-dihydro-6H-imidazo[2,1-b][1,3]benzothiazol-5-ones 3a-k for their virus-inhibiting activity against influenza A virus. Read More
Acta Bioeng Biomech 2018 ;20(4):31-42
Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, New Delhi, India.
Purpose: Deep freezing and storing in formalin are some of the common techniques of human tissue preservation. However, the preservation modes affect the biomechanical properties of the tissues. In this work, the effects of the above-stated preservation tech- niques are compared with that of fresh cadaveric samples. Read More
J Dairy Res 2018 Dec 6:1-4. Epub 2018 Dec 6.
ICAR- National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources,Karnal 132 001, Haryana,India.
The aim of this Research Communication was to contribute to the knowledge of milk sialic acid concentration of bovines with specific focus on India. Sialic acids (SA) are important constituents of mammalian milks. Buffaloes are the main milk producing species in India, therefore, our research focused on both cow and buffalo. Read More
Curr Neuropharmacol 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Applied Science, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. India.
Olfaction, the sense of smell detects and discriminate odors as well as social cues which influence our innate responses. The olfactory system in human beings is found to be weak as compare to other animals; however, it seems to be very precise. It can detect and discriminate millions of chemical moieties (odorants) even in minuscule quantities. Read More
Mol Carcinog 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad, Dharwad, Karnataka, 580011.
Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) is a significant cause of cancer-related deaths. Here, we aim to identify the LncRNAs associated with the immune system and characterise their clinical utility in KIRC. A total of 504 patients' data was used from TCGA-GDC. Read More
Biomed Chromatogr 2018 Dec 5:e4458. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Bioanalytical Department, Alkem Laboratories Ltd., Lower Parel, Mumbai, India.
A highly sensitive, selective and rapid ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed for the quantification of a Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, tofacitinib (TOF). The assay employed liquid-liquid extraction with methyl-tert butyl ether to extract tofacitinib and tofacitinib-13C3 15N (as internal standard) from human plasma. The samples were analyzed on UPLC BEH C18 (50 × 2. Read More
Nat Commun 2018 Dec 5;9(1):5187. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune, 411008, Maharashtra, India.
Endocytic and recycling pathways generate cargo-laden transport carriers by membrane fission. Classical dynamins, which generate transport carriers during endocytosis, constrict and cause fission of membrane tubes in response to GTP hydrolysis. Relatively, less is known about the ATP-binding Eps15-homology domain-containing protein1 (EHD1), a dynamin family member that functions at the endocytic-recycling compartment. Read More
BMC Public Health 2018 Dec 5;18(1):1345. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
SRM Institute of Gastroenterology, Hepatobiliary Sciences & Transplantation, SIMS Hospital, Jawaharlal Nehru Road, Vadapalani, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Background: Vitamin D has multifarious roles in maintenance of health and prevention of disease. The present study was undertaken to assess the vitamin D status of a rural adult south Indian population and to identify its associations with socioeconomic status and cultural practices.
Methods: Between June 2015 and July 2016, 424 healthy adults residing in Kattankulathur block in Tamil Nadu, India, provided venous blood samples and answered questions by personal interview. Read More
Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5:20764018816344. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
7 Centre for Mental Health Law and Policy, Indian Law Society, Pune, India.
Background:: Family life is a near-universal condition and a fundamental human right. It can also have a significant impact on mental health, including recovery from mental health conditions. In India, families play a considerable role, representing a source of social, cultural, religious and, often, financial support. Read More
Int J Soc Psychiatry 2018 Dec 5:20764018814271. Epub 2018 Dec 5.
Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India.
The connection between gender and health has intrigued health professionals in the last few decades. Silencing-the-self theory has brought a considerable clarity in this matter. After around three decades of the theory, the literature related to the theory has immensely flourished and has covered different branches of psychology. Read More
Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2018 Oct 14;17(5):436-452. Epub 2018 Oct 14.
Department of Marine Science and Technology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Marine novel natural products have been applied for cancer therapy. Enzyme-digested gelatin hydrolysates have proven to serve as promising sources of potent biologically active peptides. Potential anti-breast cancer properties of the extracted Ficin-digesterd gelatin hydrolysate from Indian squid (Uroteuthis duvauceli) was extensively characterized by cellular and animal models. Read More
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Life Sciences, Presidency University, Kolkata, India.
Aims: Prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) may vary across a country like India. Risk factors and disease-pathogenesis were also not fully elucidated. This study aimed to examine prevalence of GDM among pregnant women visiting antenatal clinic of a tertiary-care hospital of Kolkata, India; possible mechanism of disease pathogenesis and potency of associated parameters as disease biomarkers were also explored. Read More
Chemosphere 2018 Nov 27;218:799-809. Epub 2018 Nov 27.
Department of Environmental Engineering, Kwangwoon University, 20 Kwangwoon-Ro, Nowon-Gu, Seoul, 01897, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:
In this study, magnetic layered double hydroxides (mag-LDHs) were synthesized through compositing magnetite with three different metals (Mg, Cu and Al) under ultrasound (US, 100 kHz frequency and 50 W power). For the first time, mag-LDHs were applied to sonocatalytic reduction of nitrate (NO) and the reduction mechanism were determined by conducting kinetic tests and various spectroscopic analyses. Based on the kinetic data, NO reduction and the selectivity for N highly depends on the ratio between Mg/Al, solution pH and sonication frequency. Read More
Drug Discov Today 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Biotechnology, Bhupat and Jyoti Mehta School of Biosciences, India; Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai - 600 036, India. Electronic address:
The increasing incidence of cutaneous malignancies signifies the need for multiple treatment options. Several available reviews have emphasized the potential role of various botanical extracts and naturally occurring compounds as anti-skin-cancer agents. Few studies relate to the role of chemoprevention and therapeutic activity of essential oils (EOs) and EO components. Read More
Virus Res 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, 781039, Assam, India. Electronic address:
Despite recent progress in vaccination options, Newcastle disease virus (NDV) stands a severe global epidemic and economic burden. It is difficult to control NDV with vaccination alone due to its evolving genetic variability; therefore, an effective therapeutic must target to resist its replication and further evolution. Drug repurposing is a practical and economical method to develop therapeutics against pathogenic organisms. Read More
Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Madras Medical Mission, Chennai, India. Electronic address:
Fontan surgery and its modifications have improved survival in various forms of univentricular hearts. A regular atrial rhythm with atrioventricular synchrony is one of the most important prerequisite for the long-term effective functioning of this preload dependent circulation. A significant proportion of these survivors need various forms of pacing for bradyarrhythmias, often due to sinus nodal dysfunction and sometimes due to atrioventricular nodal block. Read More
Public Health Rep 2018 Dec 3:33354918813552. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
1 Oregon Public Health Division, Acute and Communicable Disease Prevention, Oregon Health Authority, Portland, OR, USA.
Objectives:: Given the known high morbidity and mortality of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Oregon, we sought to develop a practical method of estimating the severe sequelae of HCV infection among Medicaid beneficiaries in Oregon.
Methods:: We assembled a retrospective cohort that identified all Oregon Medicaid beneficiaries with HCV infection enrolled for at least 1 year during 2009-2013. We linked this cohort to 3 data sets to identify HCV-related deaths, cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and first hospitalizations for advanced liver disease (ALD). Read More
Am J Phys Anthropol 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Anthropology, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois.
Objectives: Geophagy, the intentional consumption of earth, is widely practiced among humans and other mammals, but its causes are not well understood. Given the growing number of reports of geophagy among nonhuman primates (NHP), we sought to (1) advance and codify our understanding of the patterns and functional and evolutionary significance of geophagy among NHP and (2) provide a research agenda for a more unified approach to its study.
Methods: We systematically reviewed all available literature on NHP geophagy, extracted available data on taxa, geography, climate, diet, sex, age-class, reproductive status, and the characteristics of the earth. Read More
Dalton Trans 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Chemistry, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221005, UP, India.
Synthesis of an entirely new series of arene ruthenium complexes [Ru(η6-C6H6)(L1)Cl]PF6, (1), [Ru(η6-C10H14)(L1)Cl]PF6 (2), [Ru(η6-C6H6)(L2)Cl]PF6 (3) and [Ru(η6-C10H14)(L2)Cl]PF6 (4) involving 5-[2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)quinoline]-BODIPY (L1) and 5-[6-methoxy-2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)quinoline]-BODIPY (L2) was described. The ligands and complexes were thoroughly characterized by various physicochemical techniques and the structures of L1, 1 and 4 were determined by X-ray single crystal analyses. Photo-/ and electrochemical property, DNA binding, cytotoxicity, cellular uptake and apoptotic studies on 1-4 were performed by various methods, while singlet oxygen-mediated cytotoxicity via photo-irradiation by visible light was supported by 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran titration studies. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2018 Nov 30. Epub 2018 Nov 30.
Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India.
Knowledge of variations at the base of the skull may be important for academic, anthropological, forensic, and clinical purposes, especially in computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging and while performing safe radical surgery. This report presents multiple variations at the base of an adult Indian skull. The variations noted include the presence of foramen of Civinini bilaterally, absence of carotid canal on the left side, reduced size of foramen lacerum on the left side, presence of petro-occipital foramen bilaterally, asymmetry between the jugular fossae, and asymmetrical occipital condyles. Read More
Lancet Oncol 2018 Dec;19(12):e664
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA; Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram 122002, National Capital Region, India. Electronic address:
Nanomedicine (Lond) 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India.
Aim: Procaine that is able to reach the peripheral nervous system (PNS) was conjugated as a ligand with lipid nanovesicle and loaded with ribavirin (a broad spectrum antiviral drug incapable of entering the PNS on its own) to target the PNS with a dual-drug effect.
Materials & Methods: Different physicochemical characterizations, γ-scintigraphy and electromyography of the developed nanovesicle were conducted.
Results: Marked capability of the optimized radiolabeled formulation to target PNS was observed in rats. Read More
Acc Chem Res 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
DST Unit of Nanoscience (DST UNS) and Thematic Unit of Excellence (TUE), Department of Chemistry , Indian Institute of Technology Madras , Chennai 600 036 , India.
Supramolecular chemistry is a major area of chemistry that utilizes weaker non-covalent interactions between molecules, including hydrogen bonding, van der Waals, electrostatic, π···π, and C-H···π interactions. Such forces have been the basis of several molecular self-assemblies and host-guest complexes in organic, inorganic, and biological systems. Atomically precise nanoclusters (NCs) are materials of growing interest that display interesting structure-property correlations. Read More
IUBMB Life 2018 Dec 2. Epub 2018 Dec 2.
Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
The plant toxin, abrin, a type-II ribosome inactivating protein, is extremely lethal, the human fatal dose being ~1 μg/kg body weight. Abrin has been classified as an agent for bioterrorism, which is of concern. Conversely, the high toxic property of abrin has been employed in generating immunotoxins, whereas its toxin moiety is conjugated to cell surface marker-specific antibodies for cell-targeted killing. Read More
Wiley Interdiscip Rev Nanomed Nanobiotechnol 2018 Dec 3:e1548. Epub 2018 Dec 3.
Department of Biological Sciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India.
The eye consists of sensitive, compactly adjoined tissue structures which act as strong physical (static) and physiological (dynamic) barriers that prevent entry of foreign bodies into the eye. Together, these barriers reduce the bioavailability of topically and intraocularly administered medicaments thus demanding frequent drug administration for the treatment of chronic eye diseases. Hence, development of drug delivery systems (DDS) that can be retained in ocular tissues for longer durations can help to reduce the frequency of drug administration, whereas, delivery systems that traverse through ocular barriers may offer higher bioavailability of administered drugs to otherwise inaccessible ocular tissues. Read More
J Community Genet 2018 Dec 1. Epub 2018 Dec 1.
University of Minnesota Medical School, Duluth campus, Minneapolis, MN, USA.
To determine the association of consanguinity with the occurrence of genetically transmitted eye diseases in rural and urban populations in Pavagada and Madhugiri taluks, Karnataka state, south India. This study was part of a population based cross-sectional prevalence survey, "The Pavagada pediatric eye disease study 2." As a part of the demographic data, trained investigators collected information on consanguinity from the parents of children identified for the study. Read More
J Educ Health Promot 2018 29;7:125. Epub 2018 Oct 29.
Department of Periodontics, Narayana Dental College and Hospital, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Introduction: Indian national law namely Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) exists since 2003 and aims at protecting all the people in our country, but smoking is still prevalent among people. This study was aimed to assess awareness, attitudes, and practices regarding prohibition of sale of tobacco products near educational institutions of Nellore city, India.
Materials And Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in degree colleges of Nellore city of Andhra Pradesh. Read More
Prostate Int 2018 Dec 26;6(4):145-150. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
Research and Development, SRL Ltd, Mumbai 400 062, India.
Background: Prostate cancer (PCa) shows considerable clinical heterogeneity that has been primarily attributed to variable molecular alterations. - fusion is one such molecular subtype that has been associated with predominantly poor prognosis. More recently, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the gene rs12329760 C>T (Met160Val) has been shown to positively correlate with the fusion status and also to be associated with increased risk for PCa. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):481-483
Consultant Dermatologist, "Pranab", Ismile, Asansol, West Bengal, India.
In the early and mid-nineteenth century Europe, ringworm of the scalp was a vexing problem. It affected children in such numbers that the famous Hôpital Saint-Louis of Paris had a separate Tinea School. Before advent of radiation method of epilation, painful method of peeling was the mainstay of management. Read More
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):479-480
DNB, Consultant, Rita Skin Foundation, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):477-478
Skinnocence: The Skin Clinic, Gururgram, Haryana, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):474-476
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Pramukhswami Medical College, Karamsad, Gujarat, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):471-473
Department of Dermatology, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):469-470
Department of Dermatology, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara College of Medical Sciences and Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):467-468
Department of Pathology, AIIMS, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):464-466
Consultant Dermatologist, Apollo Hospitals, Greams Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):462-464
Department of Dermatology, R.N.T. Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Indian Dermatol Online J 2018 Nov-Dec;9(6):461-462
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Pandit Bhagwat Dayal Sharma Post graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana, India.