1,690 results match your criteria Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences [Journal]


Symptomatic Unilateral Pleural Effusion Secondary due to Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):199-201

Isolated pleural effusion is a rare presentation of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome following ovulation induction therapy. We hereby report the case of a 24-year-old female who presented with unilateral moderate pleural effusion following ovulation induction therapy. Therapeutic thoracentesis was performed to relieve the breathlessness in this case. Read More

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July 2016
8 Reads

An Unusual Presentation in Urinothorax.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):195-197

Urinothorax is defined as the presence of urine in the pleural cavity. Leakage from the urinary tract can cause urinoma with retroperitoneal urine collection, and secondarily, urinothorax. We report the case of a 35-year-old female who presented with dyspnoea and right-sided chest pain. Read More

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July 2016
14 Reads

Lipoid Pneumonia After Prolonged Inhalation of Clarified Butter Made from the Milk of a Buffalo or Cow (Ghee).

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):191-193

Lipoid pneumonia is a rare form of pneumonia caused by inhalation or aspiration of fat containing substances. It can present acutely or more commonly presents as an insidious onset chronic respiratory illness. It requires a high degree of suspicion with great emphasis on history. Read More

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July 2016
2 Reads

Rifampcin-induced Thrombocytopaenia Purpura.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):189-190

We report the case of a 28-year-old resident doctor with no past history of having taken rifampicin, who presented with thrombocytoapaenic purpura occurring after the initiation of anti-tuberculosis therapy (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) for tubercular lymphadenopathy. Read More

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July 2016
3 Reads

latrogenic Mediastinal Emphysema and Subcutaneous Emphysema Induced by Bronchoscopic Examination.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):185-187

A 79-year-old man presented with fever of unknown origin with interstitial shadows in the bilateral lung fields. A bronchoscopic examination did not indicate any malignancy or specific interstitial disease. After the bronchoscopic examination, the patient gradually developed subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema. Read More

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Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis Related to Chronic Cotton Dust Exposure and Hepatitis-C Infection.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):183-184

A case of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis developing in a patient with chronic dust exposure and hepatitis-C infection is reported. He was managed with modified bronchoalveolar lavage and granulocyte-monophase-colony stimulating factor. Read More

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A Study to Evaluate the Effect of Body Mass Index on the Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Adult Patients with Metabolic Syndrome.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):177-181

Background: Obesity is a predisposing factor for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Conversely, OSA increases the risk of developing hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Whether the presence of metabolic syndrome increases the risk of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) independent of obesity remains unclear. Read More

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July 2016
2 Reads

Comparison of Induced Sputum and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Examination in the Diagnosis of Sputum Negative Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):173-175

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the common infections in the world, especially in developing countries like India. Therefore, early diagnosis is important. This study was undertaken to compare the yield of sputum, induction with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in smear-negative suspected pulmonary TB patients in a tertiary care hospital in Agra. Read More

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Potential Clinical Utility of FDG-PET in Non-malignant Pulmonary Disorders: A Pilot Study.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):165-172

Background: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) is emerging as an important non- invasive investigation in benign pulmonary conditions too. The aim of this study was to investigate its utility in the diagnosis and monitoring of various benign pulmonary diseases.

Methods: In this prospective observational hospital-based study 50 consecutive patients (26 males) with benign lung diseases underwent computed tomography of chest followed by FDG-PET at baseline and after treatment where appropriate. Read More

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July 2016
8 Reads

Effect of Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery on Pulmonary Function Tests and Arterial Blood Gases.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):161-164

Background And Objective: Pulmonary dysfunction after open heart surgery is an important cause of post-operative morbidity. To evaluate effect of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery on pulmonary functions and arterial blood gases (ABGs).

Methods: A prospective study was conducted at a pulmonary unit of a tertiary care public hospital. Read More

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July 2016
1 Read

Antimicrobial Resistance: Challenges and the Way Forward.

Authors:
Malini Shariff

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jul;58(3):157-159

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July 2016
1 Read

Spirometry Changes in Cold Climatic Conditions of Antarctica.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):259-60

Background: Pulmonary function is one of the important physiological measures that is known to be affected during the changes in the altitude. There is dearth of literature on changes in the pulmonary function variables in the cold climate conditions of Antarctica. We carried out spirometry before, during and after one year stay at Antarctica in members of the Indian expedition. Read More

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May 2016
5 Reads

Mediastinal Gray Zone Lymphoma.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):255-7

A 50-year-old male presented with cough and breathlessness. A positron emissoin tomography scan revealed FDG (Fluorodeoxyglucose) avid mediastinal mass. Tru-cut biopsy showed fibrotic stromal tissue with cellular infiltrate consisting of abnormal lymphoid cells and few large cells with smudged nucleus. Read More

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May 2016
4 Reads

Pulmonary Agenesis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):251-3

Unilateral opaque lung with ipsilateral mediastinal shift is an uncommon cause of respiratory distress in newborn which can be found on simple radiograph of the chest. Pulmonary agenesis is a rare cause of unilateral opaque lung in the newborn. Nearly 50% cases of pulmonary agenesis are associated with other congenital defects including cardiovascular, skeletal, gastrointestinal or genitourinary systems. Read More

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May 2016
7 Reads

A Case of Good's Syndrome Presenting with Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):247-50

Adult onset immunodeficiency associated with thymoma is a rare condition. The combination of hypogammaglobulinemia, reduced number of peripheral B and CD4+ T cells, along with thymoma constitutes Good's syndrome (GS). This immunodeficiency condition is often complicated with opportunistic infection with organisms, like bacteria (Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumonia etc), viruses (Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simplex etc), fungi and protozoa. Read More

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May 2016
8 Reads

Bilateral Pleural Effusion: A Rare Case Report.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):243-5

A 24-year-old female presented with complaints of distension of abdomen, lower limb swelling and shortness of breath. On examination, she had bilateral pedal oedema, tender mild hepatomegaly, bilateral pleural effusion and ascites. She had received treatment on lines of chronic liver disease, congestive heart failure but did not manifest any improvement. Read More

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May 2016
6 Reads

Adenocarcinoma of Lung Presenting as Interstitial Lung Disease.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):239-41

Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) presenting as lung cancer have been reported rarely from India. The present case describes a possibly primary lung cancer in a non-smoker who presented radiologically as a case of ILD. The possible mechanisms available in the literature are discussed. Read More

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May 2016
3 Reads

Pulmonary Tumourlets: Case Report and Review of Literature.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):235-8

We report a case of tumourlets of the lung associated with carcinoid and neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, found incidentally in a 30-year-old woman, who underwent bullectomy for pneumothorax. These lesions are histologically similar to carcinoid, but differ in molecular pathogenesis about which little is known. Their nature and significance is debated. Read More

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May 2016
14 Reads

Ischaemic Cavitation in Conglomerate Silicosis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):233-4

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May 2016
6 Reads

Pollutant Levels at Cooking Place and Their Association with Respiratory Symptoms in Women in a Rural Area of Delhi-NCR.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):225-31

Background: Household air pollution resulting from biomass and coal stoves is implicated in more than one-third cases of annual deaths from chronic lung diseases worldwide and nearly 3% of lung cancer deaths. This burden is borne largely by poor women in the developing countries. We carried out a study to evaluate its association with respiratory symptoms in women in a rural area. Read More

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May 2016
9 Reads

Clinical Profile of Spontaneous Pneumothorax in Adults: A Retrospective Study.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):219-23

Background: Pneumothorax is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, but limited data are available regarding the aetiology, clinical profile, management and outcome of spontaneous pneumothorax from India in recent times.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted at a Government chest hospital which included patients with the diagnosis of spontaneous pneumothorax seen over a period of one year. Demographic, clinical, radiological and treatment data were collected from hospital records and analysed. Read More

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May 2016
18 Reads

Medical Education in India: Critical Challenges and Solutions.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Oct-Dec;57(4):215-7

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May 2016
6 Reads

Airway-centered Interstitial Fibrosis: An Unusual Presentation.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):139-41

Airway-centered interstitial fibrosis (ACIF) is described as one of the interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) with rare histologic patterns. It is characterised by predominant airway involvement with centrilobular fibrosis, peribronchiolar metaplasia and bronchiolocentric inflammatory changes. We report the case of a female who presented with pneumothorax and central diabetes insipidus, diagnosed as ACIF on lung biopsy. Read More

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September 2018

Syringo-pleural shunt: a rare cause of recurrent pleural effusion.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):135-7

case of a patient with reported spinal tuberculosis (TB) that developed syringomyelia, a rare sequelae of the disease is presented in this report. He underwent syringo-pleural shunting for syringomyelia. After 15 years, the patient presented with recurrent pleural effusion. Read More

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September 2018
16 Reads

Management of Chylothorax After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: Two Case Reports and Review of Literature.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):131-4

Chylothorax following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a very rare complication and its management is debatable. Opinions vary from early aggressive management to prolonged conservative treatment. We describe two cases of post-operative chylothorax following CABG and its management with intravenous octreotide. Read More

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September 2018

Is Empirical Anti-tuberculous Treatment Justified Even in the Second Decade of the 21st Century?

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):127-9

Tuberculosis (TB) is a highly prevalent disease in developing countries where there is poor sanitation, over-crowding and malnutrition. It can affect various organ systems in our body including the central nervous system, respiratory, genito-urinary tract and bone, though respiratory involvement is by far the commonest. Though diagnostic modalities for TB are well defined, empirical therapy without a confirmed diagnosis continues to be used in specific clinical situations. Read More

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September 2018
14 Reads

Occupational emphysema following long-term exposure to metal fumes during electroplating in a non-smoker.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):123-5

Exposure to cigarette smoke is by far the most common causative factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Occupational exposure to fumes, chemicals, dusts and environmental pollution is also an important cause of chronic productive cough. Emphysema developing as a consequence of an occupational exposure is extremely rare. Read More

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September 2018

Solitary fibrous tumour of pleura masquerading as lung fissural mass.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):121-2

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September 2018

Pulmonary Vasculitis: Indian Perspective.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):107-19

Pulmonary vasculitis is an uncommon disease. Patients present with unexplained haemoptysis, pulmonary infiltrates and constitutional symptoms. Pulmonary vasculitis often goes undiagnosed due to lack of awareness and the disease is often mis-diagnosed as tuberculosis in India. Read More

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September 2018
1 Read

Comparison of Effect of Levocetirizine or Montelukast Alone and in Combination on Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):103-5

Objective. To determine the effect of levocetirizine, montelukast and the combination of both the drugs on symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Methods. Read More

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September 2018
2 Reads

Sino-Nasal Status in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):99-102

Background. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable disease with serious impact on quality of life (QoL). There are limited studies available supporting coexistence of sino-nasal involvement in COPD. Read More

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September 2018

Epidemiological Profile of Tobacco Users at Tobacco Cessation Centre: An Indian Experience.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):93-7

Objective. Tobacco consumption continues to rise in India with about 34.6% of adult population being tobacco users. Read More

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September 2018

Challenges of Developing a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Programme: Practical Aspects with India as a Model Country.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):89-91

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September 2018

Air Pollution and Asthma: Is There a Doubt?

Authors:
S K Jindal

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Apr-Jun;58(2):85-7

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September 2018

The Author's Reply.

Authors:
Vinita Rathi

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):199-200

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March 2016
5 Reads

Chest Sonography in the Diagnosis of Pneumothorax.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):199

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March 2016
4 Reads

Poncet's Arthritis in a Patient with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):195-8

A 17-year-old female diagnosed to have multidrug-resistant pulmonary tuberculosis (MDR-TB), presented with Poncet's arthritis which responded to second-line anti-TB treatment. Poncet's disease is more commonly present in association with extra-pulmonary TB and involves large and small joints. However, our patient had pulmonary MDR-TB and small joint involvement. Read More

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February 2016
6 Reads

Hydatid Cyst Presenting With Endobronchial Rupture.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):191-3

Diagnosis of lung hydatidosis becomes difficult with unusual radiographic findings especially with rupture of hydatid cyst. Here we present the case of a patient who presented with hydatid cyst with endobronchial rupture. A 40-year-old woman presented with a 3-year history of cough with mucoid expectoration, breathlessness on exertion, intermittent fever and left-sided chest pain. Read More

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February 2016
4 Reads

Rare Mediastinal Hydatid Cyst.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):187-90

Hydatid disease is a parasitic disease caused by the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. Most common sites are liver, lungs, and brain. The disease is rarely present in the mediastinum. Read More

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February 2016
9 Reads

Co-existence of Carcinoma Tongue with Pulmonary Tuberculosis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):185-6

We present the case of a 45-year-old male diagnosed to have carcinoma base of tongue, whose chest radiograph showed bilateral lung infiltrates and was referred for evaluation of suspected pulmonary metastases. Diagnostic evaluation confirmed the diagnosis of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis. Read More

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February 2016
4 Reads

Primary Malignant Melanoma of the Lung: Case Report and Literature Review.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):181-4

Primary malignant melanoma of the lung (PMML) is an extremely rare tumour with only sporadic case reports. We report the occurrence of PMML in a 58-year-old female. Although extremely rare, it must be considered in the differential diagnosis of bronchogenic carcinoma and a detailed systemic examination must be done to rule out any primary skin or eye involvement. Read More

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February 2016
21 Reads

An Unusual Cause of a Pulmonary Mass: Actinomycosis.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):177-9

We present the case of a 62-year-old male with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and poorly controlled diabetes mellitus who presented with haemoptysis. A radiograph of the chest showed a right lower parahilar opacity which on the contrast enhanced computed tomography was seen to be an irregular, spiculated mass localised to the middle lobe. Considering malignancy as the most probable diagnosis, a bronchoscopic endobronchial biopsy was performed which surprisingly established pulmonary actinomycosis as the diagnosis. Read More

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February 2016
8 Reads
1 Citation

An Unusual Cause of Calcific Thoracic Metastases.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):173-5

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February 2016
5 Reads

Rapidly Fatal Silicosis Among Jewellery Workers Attending a District Medical College of West Bengal, India.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):165-71

Background: Silicosis is a slowly progressive chronic occupational lung disease, developed after a prolong period of exposure to high concentration of silica dust.

Methods: In this longitudinal study, we enrolled old and new silicosis patients (n=19; 8 jewellery polishers, 11 from other occupations) seen at our Pulmonary Medicine Department from June 2009 to December 2012 to document the course of illness as per their occupational exposure.

Results: Six of the eight jewellery polishing workers had developed silicosis within five years of exposure, while six of the 11 other workers with other occupational exposure had developed silicosis after exposure of 10 years or more. Read More

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February 2016
15 Reads

Clinico-pathological Profile of Bronchogenic Carcinoma Among Females in North India.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):161-3

Objective: The present study was undertaken to explore the clinico-pathological profile of bronchogenic carcinoma among females.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-four female patients with histopathologically proven bronchogenic carcinoma who were hospitalised in the Department of Pulmonary Medicine, King George's Medical University, Lucknow from July 1985 to February 2007 were retrospectively studied.

Results: Their mean age was 61 years; 12. Read More

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February 2016
5 Reads

Quantification of Emphysema in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease by Volumetric Computed Tomography of Lung.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):155-60

Background And Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease with small airway inflammation and emphysema. Emphysema is permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to terminal bronchioles accompanied by destruction of alveolar walls. These morphological changes can be studied on quantitative computed tomography (CT). Read More

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February 2016
14 Reads

Bronchial Anthracofibrosis: A Perilous Consequence of Exposure to Biomass Fuel Smoke.

Authors:
Ashok Shah

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2015 Jul-Sep;57(3):151-3

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February 2016
5 Reads

Medical Education in India: Critical Challenges and Solutions.

Authors:
V P Gopinathan

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jan-Mar;58(1):69

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October 2017
3 Reads

In-hospital Smoking and Its Implications: A Short Case Series.

Authors:

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jan-Mar;58(1):67-8

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June 2017
4 Reads

Tuberculosis of the Chest Wall with Massive Tuberculous Pleural Effusion.

Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci 2016 Jan-Mar;58(1):63-5

Primary tuberculosis of components of the chest wall is a rare entity. Involvement of skeletal muscle by tuberculosis without any primary focus is also rare. Here, we report a case of tuberculosis of chest wall without pulmonary or bone involvement, that invaded into the pleural space leading to a massive pleural effusion. Read More

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June 2017
3 Reads