N Engl J Med 2021 02;384(6):521-532
From the Departments of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (M.R.C., A.I.A., D.P.S., Y.G., K.E.L., B.J.M., P.J.B., S.P.B., B.K.W., D.Q.S., C.T.G., M.C.S., J.P.C., C.C.D.S.) and Biomedical Engineering (M.R.C., A.I.A., B.J.M., P.J.B., C.C.D.S.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and Labyrinth Devices (M.A.R., N.S.V., C.C.D.S.) - both in Baltimore.
Background: Bilateral vestibular hypofunction is associated with chronic disequilibrium, postural instability, and unsteady gait owing to failure of vestibular reflexes that stabilize the eyes, head, and body. A vestibular implant may be effective in alleviating symptoms.
Methods: Persons who had had ototoxic (7 participants) or idiopathic (1 participant) bilateral vestibular hypofunction for 2 to 23 years underwent unilateral implantation of a prosthesis that electrically stimulates the three semicircular canal branches of the vestibular nerve. Read More