43 results match your criteria Imaging in Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn

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Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis associated with a spectrum of neonatal pulmonary disorders.

Hum Pathol 2017 10 2;68:154-165. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

Division of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1W7, Canada.

Primary or isolated pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) is a rare disease presenting as tachypnea and hypoxemia during the perinatal period. A diffuse interstitial infiltrate with focal hyperinflation is visible on chest imaging. The biopsy findings include diffuse expansion of the interstitium by spindle-shaped cells with pale cytoplasm that, on electron microscopy (EM), are poorly differentiated mesenchymal cells containing abundant monoparticulate glycogen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2017.06.026DOI Listing
October 2017
13 Reads

Role of chest ultrasound in neonatal lung disease: a review of current evidences.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Jan 14;32(2):310-316. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

b Department of Pulmonology , Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Among the common causes of neonatal admission to NICU, respiratory distress is one of the important causes. The neonatal respiratory distress is end result of various pulmonary and non-pulmonary causes. Differentiation of pulmonary causes of respiratory distress is important for the neonatologist as treatment differs with different etiologies. Read More

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https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14767058.2017.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2017.1376317DOI Listing
January 2019
21 Reads

Perinatal outcomes in uncomplicated late preterm pregnancies with borderline oligohydramnios.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2018 Dec 16;31(23):3085-3088. Epub 2017 Aug 16.

d Department of Public Health , Erciyes Üniversitesi Faculty of Medicine , Kayseri , Turkey.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the adverse perinatal outcomes in uncomplicated late preterm pregnancies with borderline oligohydramnios.

Methods: A total of 430 pregnant women with an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy at a gestational age of 34 + 0-36 + 6 weeks were included. Borderline oligohydramnios was defined as an amniotic fluid index (AFI) of 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2017.1364722DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

Elevated airway liquid volumes at birth: a potential cause of transient tachypnea of the newborn.

J Appl Physiol (1985) 2017 Nov 3;123(5):1204-1213. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

The Ritchie Centre, Hudson Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia;

Excessive liquid in airways and/or distal lung tissue may underpin the respiratory morbidity associated with transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN). However, its effects on lung aeration and respiratory function following birth are unknown. We investigated the effect of elevated airway liquid volumes on newborn respiratory function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00464.2017DOI Listing
November 2017
12 Reads

A non-invasive method to rule out transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN): fetal pulmonary artery acceleration to ejection time ratio.

J Perinat Med 2018 Feb;46(2):219-224

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate whether fetal pulmonary artery acceleration to ejection time (PATET) ratio can predict or rule out subsequent diagnosis of transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN).

Methods: This prospective cohort study included 105 pregnant women in labor, who met the inclusion criteria. Eighteen of these women were removed from the study cohort, because of an inability to acquire sufficient Doppler waveforms and a longer duration of deliveries. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpm-2016-0380DOI Listing
February 2018
7 Reads

Prediction of neonatal respiratory morbidity by quantitative ultrasound lung texture analysis: a multicenter study.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2017 08 23;217(2):196.e1-196.e14. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

BCNatal, Barcelona Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine (Hospital Clínic and Hospital Sant Joan de Déu), IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Raras), Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Prediction of neonatal respiratory morbidity may be useful to plan delivery in complicated pregnancies. The limited predictive performance of the current diagnostic tests together with the risks of an invasive procedure restricts the use of fetal lung maturity assessment.

Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the performance of quantitative ultrasound texture analysis of the fetal lung (quantusFLM) to predict neonatal respiratory morbidity in preterm and early-term (<39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2017.03.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5625293PMC
August 2017
24 Reads

Diagnostic Performance of Point of Care Ultrasonography in Identifying the Etiology of Respiratory Distress in Neonates.

Indian J Pediatr 2017 Apr 21;84(4):267-270. Epub 2017 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, MNJ Institute of Oncology and Regional Cancer, Hyderabad, India.

Objectives: To determine the diagnostic test performance of Point of care ultrasonography (PoC-USG) for identifying the etiology of respiratory distress (RD) in neonates when combination of radiological and clinical criteria is considered as the gold standard.

Methods: A neonate was included in the study if he/she had RD and underwent x-ray chest and ultrasound within 4 h of admission and the age was less than 24 h. The neonates admitted with non-respiratory illness were chosen as controls. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12098-016-2288-7
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-016-2288-7DOI Listing
April 2017
4 Reads

Routine application of lung ultrasonography in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jan;96(2):e5826

aDepartment of Neonatology and NICU of Bayi Children's Hospital,the Army General Hospital of the Chinese PLA affiliated to Southern Medical University, Beijing bDepartment of Pediatrics, Shenzhen Baoan Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

The aim of this study was to study the features of lung ultrasonography (LUS) in lung disease and to evaluate the usefulness of LUS in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).All of 3405 neonates included in this study underwent an LUS examination. Diagnoses were based on medical history, clinical manifestation, laboratory examination, and signs on chest radiography (CR) and/or computed tomography (CT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000005826DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5266173PMC
January 2017
7 Reads

Point of Care Neonatal Ultrasound - Head, Lung, Gut and Line Localization.

Indian Pediatr 2016 Oct 1;53(10):889-899. Epub 2016 Jul 1.

Departments of Neonatology, Royal North Shore Hospital, Pacific High way, St Leonards, NSW, Australia; and *Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical college, Pune, Maharastra, India. Correspondence to: Dr Pradeep Suryawanshi, Professor and Head, Department of Neonatology, Bharati Vidyapeeth University Medical College, Pune-Satara Road, Pune, Maharastra 411 043, India.

Context: Knowledge and skills of heart, head, lung, gut and basic abdominal ultrasound is of immense utility to clinicians in their day-to-day patient management, and in acute events, in the absence of specialist service back-up. This review examines the potential role of clinician-performed ultrasound in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Evidence Acquisition: The bibliographic search of English-language literature was performed electronically using PubMed and EMBASE databases for the different topics we have covered under this review. Read More

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October 2016
9 Reads

Reference Values of Different Height of Diaphragms in Chest Radiographs of Newborns.

J Med Assoc Thai 2016 Oct;99(10):1142-6

Background: There are many causes affecting diaphragmatic height including normal variation and pathology. Both elevation and depression of the diaphragm imply various pathologies. In our knowledge, no previous study of newborn evaluated the different height of diaphragms. Read More

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October 2016
2 Reads

Lung Ultrasound as a Predictor of Mechanical Ventilation in Neonates Older than 32 Weeks.

Neonatology 2016 25;110(3):198-203. Epub 2016 May 25.

Neonatology Department, ICGON, BCNatal, Hospital Clínic - Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The prognosis of neonatal respiratory distress may be difficult to estimate at admission. Lung ultrasound is a useful diagnostic tool that is quick, requires little training, and is radiation free.

Objective: This study aims to analyze whether early lung ultrasound can predict respiratory failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000445932DOI Listing
October 2017
11 Reads

Newborn Infant With Respiratory Distress.

Ann Emerg Med 2016 Mar;67(3):e7-8

Division of Emergency Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annemergmed.2015.08.026DOI Listing
March 2016
2 Reads

[Lung ultrasound in the newborn].

Authors:
N Yousef

Arch Pediatr 2016 Mar 12;23(3):317-21. Epub 2016 Feb 12.

Service de réanimation néonatale, hôpital Antoine-Béclère, hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Sud, AP-HP, 157, rue de la Porte-de-Trivaux, 92140 Clamart, France; Service de réanimation pédiatrique et néonatale, hôpital Bicêtre, hôpitaux universitaires Paris-Sud, AP-HP, 78, rue du Général-Leclerc, 94270 Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France. Electronic address:

Lung ultrasound (LU) is becoming a bedside point-of-care technique in critical care and emergency medicine as it is performed and immediately interpreted by the clinician. LU is quick, easy, relatively inexpensive, and provides accurate diagnostic information when compared with conventional lung imaging methods, such as CT scans and chest radiographs, with the additional advantage of being non-irradiating, adapted to bedside use, and easily repeatable with no side effects for the patient. LU is easy to learn, does not require sophisticated ultrasound machines or settings, and shows low intra- and interobserver variability when a standardized approach is used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2015.12.001DOI Listing
March 2016
8 Reads

Lung Ultrasonography to Diagnose Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn.

Chest 2016 05 11;149(5):1269-75. Epub 2016 Jan 11.

Department of Neonatology and NICU of Bayi Children's Hospital, the Army General Hospital of the Chinese PLA, Beijing, China.

Background: This study explored the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound for diagnosing transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN).

Methods: Ultrasound was performed by one export. Patients were placed in a supine, lateral recumbent, or prone position. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chest.2015.12.024DOI Listing
May 2016
29 Reads

Neonatal Lung Sonography: Interobserver Agreement Between Physician Interpreters With Varying Levels of Experience.

J Ultrasound Med 2015 Sep 7;34(9):1549-54. Epub 2015 Aug 7.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Udine School of Medicine, Udine, Italy (G.B., M.V., A.B.); Department of Neonatology, Santa Maria Della Misericordia Hospital, Udine, Italy (G.B., M.S., L.C.); and Emergency Department, Latisana General Hospital, Latisana, Italy (R.C.).

Objectives: To assess the reliability of lung sonography in neonates between physician interpreters with different degrees of experience.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed lung sonograms from neonates admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit with respiratory distress in the first 24 hours of life. The first scans were selected; only patients with available video clips documenting both hemithoraxes were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7863/ultra.15.14.08016DOI Listing
September 2015
8 Reads

Newborn respiratory distress: airway abnormalities.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2015 Apr 3;36(2):138-45. Epub 2015 Feb 3.

Department of Radiology, Arkansas Children׳s Hospital, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR.

Respiratory distress is a common symptom in the newborn. Surfactant deficiency in the preterm infant and meconium aspiration and transient tachypnea in the term newborn are among the most common causes of respiratory distress, but primary airway abnormalities can also present with respiratory distress in the newborn. Delay in diagnosis of airway abnormality can be life threatening. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2015.01.005DOI Listing
April 2015
2 Reads

Neonatal respiratory distress: a practical approach to its diagnosis and management.

Pediatr Clin North Am 2015 Apr;62(2):453-69

LSU Health, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71130, USA.

Respiratory disorders are the most frequent cause of admission to the special care nursery both in term and preterm infants. Pediatricians and primary care providers may encounter newborn infants with respiratory distress in their office, emergency room, delivery room, or during physical assessment in the newborn nursery. The authors have proposed a practical approach to diagnose and manage such infants with suggestions for consulting a neonatologist at a regional center. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00313955140025
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2014.11.008DOI Listing
April 2015
29 Reads

Diagnosis of neonatal transient tachypnea and its differentiation from respiratory distress syndrome using lung ultrasound.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2014 Dec;93(27):e197

From the Department of Neonatology and NICU of Bayi Children's Hospital (JL, YW, WF, C-SY, J-JH), Beijing Military General Hospital, Beijing; and Graduate School of Southern Medical University (YW, WF), Guangzhou, China.

Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is one of the most common causes of perinatal dyspnea and is traditionally diagnosed by chest x-ray. This study aimed to explore the diagnostic value of lung ultrasonography (LUS) for TTN as well as differentiate it from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) by using LUS. From January 2013 to February 2014, 60 infants who were diagnosed with TTN based on medical history, clinical manifestations, arterial blood gas analysis, and chest radiography were recruited to the study group. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000000197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4602774PMC
December 2014
5 Reads

Lung ultrasound: diagnostic and therapeutic issues.

Authors:
L Cattarossi

Acta Biomed 2014 06 20;85(1):25-9. Epub 2014 Jun 20.

Dept of Neonatology Az. Ospedaliero Universitario S. Maria della Misericordia Piazzale S. Maria della Misericordia 15 33100 Udine - Italy.

Background: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is becoming more and more utilised in the clinical field inadults, children and neonates in course of respiratory diseases. It can be done at bed side and repeated as muchis needed without risks (namely irradiation).

Methods: The technique of LUS execution and the normal andpathologic patterns of LUS in neonates are described. Read More

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June 2014
3 Reads

Quantitative ultrasound texture analysis of fetal lungs to predict neonatal respiratory morbidity.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2015 Apr;45(4):427-33

Transmural Biotech SL, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To develop and evaluate the performance of a novel method for predicting neonatal respiratory morbidity based on quantitative analysis of the fetal lung by ultrasound.

Methods: More than 13,000 non-clinical images and 900 fetal lung images were used to develop a computerized method based on texture analysis and machine learning algorithms, trained to predict neonatal respiratory morbidity risk on fetal lung ultrasound images. The method, termed 'quantitative ultrasound fetal lung maturity analysis' (quantusFLM™), was then validated blindly in 144 neonates, delivered at 28 + 0 to 39 + 0 weeks' gestation. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/uog.13441
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/uog.13441DOI Listing
April 2015
9 Reads

Lung ultrasound accuracy in respiratory distress syndrome and transient tachypnea of the newborn.

Neonatology 2014 10;106(2):87-93. Epub 2014 May 10.

Department of Pediatrics, Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria 'S. Maria della Misericordia', Udine, Italy.

Background: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising technique for the diagnosis of neonatal respiratory diseases. Preliminary data has shown a good sensitivity and specificity of LUS in the diagnosis of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN).

Objective: The aim of this study was to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, and negative (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) of LUS for RDS and TTN, using an external reader blinded to the clinical condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000358227DOI Listing
May 2015
4 Reads

Lung ultrasonography for the diagnosis of neonatal lung disease.

Authors:
Jing Liu

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2014 May 17;27(8):856-61. Epub 2013 Oct 17.

Department of Neonatology & NICU of Bayi Children's Hospital, General Hospital of Beijing Military Command , Beijing , China.

Ultrasound has recently become an important method for diagnostic examination and monitoring of lung disease. Many lung diseases, such as respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea of the newborn, pneumonia, atelectasis and pneumothorax were diagnosed by chest X-ray or CT scan in the past, but can now easily be diagnosed with lung ultrasound. Lung ultrasound has many advantages over X-ray and CT scan including accuracy, reliability, low-cost and simplicity, as well as the fact that ultrasound incurs no risk of radiation damage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/14767058.2013.844125DOI Listing
May 2014
3 Reads

Early left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers.

J Perinat Med 2011 Jan 8;39(1):89-95. Epub 2010 Dec 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey.

Aim: To evaluate the cardiac function in premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers and its clinical consequences.

Methods: This was a prospective observational cohort study performed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. Fifty-three premature infants born to preeclamptic mothers comprising the study group were evaluated and compared with 42 premature infants born to normotensive mothers (control group). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/JPM.2010.126DOI Listing
January 2011
2 Reads

Idiopathic severe constriction of the fetal ductus arteriosus: a possible underestimated pathophysiology.

Eur J Pediatr 2011 Feb 16;170(2):237-40. Epub 2010 Sep 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Idiopathic intrauterine constriction/closure of the ductus arteriosus, which is distinct from that secondary to maternal exposure to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as indomethacin, or structural cardiac defect, is an uncommon event that often results in severe fetal-neonatal morbidity and mortality. We reported a case of idiopathic fetal ductal constriction, in which the diagnosis was confirmed by documentation of an abnormal four-chamber view of the fetal heart at 38 weeks of gestation on obstetric ultrasound examination. A female infant weighing 2,816 g was born by Cesarean section, and her postnatal course was mild; transient tachypnea requiring only several days of supplemental oxygen with spontaneous regression of the abnormal echocardiographic findings by 3 months of age. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00431-010-1295-3DOI Listing
February 2011
5 Reads

Rational approach to the diagnosis of severe growth hormone deficiency in the newborn.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2010 May 23;95(5):2219-26. Epub 2010 Mar 23.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, University-Children's Hospital, Hoppe-Seyler-Strasse 1, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany.

Context: Severe congenital GH deficiency (GHD) of the newborn is a rare disease, which can cause life-threatening hypoglycemias beginning in the first week of life. Reviews and consensus papers on the diagnosis of GHD repeatedly state the lack of a practical evidence-based approach to the diagnosis of GHD in the newborn.

Objective: Here we provide for the first time sound reference values and a diagnostic cutoff for the GH levels in newborns at the age between d 3 and 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2009-2692DOI Listing
May 2010
2 Reads

Transient tachypnea of the newborn.

Pediatr Rev 2008 Nov;29(11):e59-65

Department of Pediatrics, University at Buffalo, Women and Children's Hospital of Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.29-11-e59DOI Listing
November 2008
5 Reads

The 'double lung point': an ultrasound sign diagnostic of transient tachypnea of the newborn.

Neonatology 2007 6;91(3):203-9. Epub 2006 Dec 6.

Department of Emergency, S. Antonio Abate Hospital, Tolmezzo, Italy.

Background: Transient tachypnea of the newborn (TTN) is a mild form of neonatal respiratory distress which early in its course needs to be differentiated from other severe respiratory disorders. At present the diagnosis is based on radiological findings and clinical course. Lung sonography in TTN has not yet been assessed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000097454DOI Listing
May 2007
26 Reads

Radiological evaluation of bone growth in neonates born at gestational ages between 26 and 41 weeks: cross-sectional study.

Early Hum Dev 2005 Aug;81(8):683-8

Department of Radiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Radiology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

The length of the ossified part of the long bones of the upper (humerus) and lower limb (femur) as well as the axial length (that is, height) of the vertebral body of L1 were measured on a plain supine radiograph in 347 newborn babies (228 males, 119 females) with the gestational age (GA) from 26 to 41 weeks. All were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit. Reasons for admission included hyaline membrane disease, meconium aspiration syndrome, neonatal asphyxia or transient tachypnea of the newborn. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2005.04.001DOI Listing
August 2005
9 Reads

Respiratory distress in neonates.

Indian J Pediatr 2005 May;72(5):425-8

Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Respiratory distress due to either medical or surgical causes occurs commonly in neonates. It is the most common cause of admission to a neonatal surgical intensive care facility in a tertiary care hospital. The distress can be caused by a variety of clinical conditions; common conditions treated in medical intensive care units are transient tachypnea of the new born, respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary air leak and pneumothorax. Read More

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May 2005
4 Reads

[The neonatal respiratory insufficiency syndrome: the role of the chest radiogram].

Radiol Med 1997 Nov;94(5):463-7

Istituto di Radiodiagnostica, Università, Pisa.

Introduction: Chest radiography is considered the most reliable diagnostic tool to study the respiratory distress syndrome in newborns and one of the few diagnostic investigations which can be used considering the clinical situation of these patients and the need of a prompt diagnosis.

Materials And Methods: We examined 124 newborns (56 males and 68 females) submitted to chest radiography at least once. Two radiologists analyzed the images investigating: a) chest expansion, b) reticulonodular opacities, c) aerial bronchograms, d) parenchymal consolidation, e) atelectasis, f) pneumothorax. Read More

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November 1997
8 Reads

The first chest radiograph in neonates exhibiting respiratory distress at birth.

Clin Pediatr (Phila) 1997 May;36(5):285-9

Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of the first anteroposterior chest radiograph taken within the first hours of life from 99 neonates admitted consecutively from the delivery room to the neonatal intensive care unit because of mild to moderate respiratory distress. Before the radiograph was taken, all necessary emergency life support measures were undertaken. These included intubation, if indicated, and placement of intravenous and intra-arterial cannulae and nasogastric tubes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/000992289703600506DOI Listing
May 1997
2 Reads

Is there a correlation between aortic Doppler velocimetric findings in diabetic pregnant women and fetal outcome?

J Ultrasound Med 1996 Jun;15(6):437-40

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA.

At present, the role of Doppler velocimetry in monitoring fetal well-being in diabetic pregnancies is controversial. The present study was conducted to determine if fetal aortic velocity waveforms were correlated with fetal outcome in pregnancies complicated by diabetes mellitus. Fetal aortic blood flow was prospectively assessed in 30 pregnant women with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Read More

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June 1996
2 Reads

A radiologic update on medical diseases of the newborn chest.

Authors:
R H Cleveland

Pediatr Radiol 1995 ;25(8):631-7

Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 300 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

This paper reviews the common spectrum of medical diseases of the neonatal chest. Emphasis is on radiographic changes that have been produced by the introduction of new therapeutic maneuvers, particularly the use of artificial surfactant in treating hyaline membrane disease and the survival of profoundly premature newborns (less than 650 g). A discussion of meconium aspiration syndrome, neonatal pneumonia, transient tachypnea of the newborn, congenital lymphangiectasia, and congenital heart disease is also included. Read More

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March 1996
2 Reads

Understanding neonatal chest x-rays Part II: Clinical and radiological manifestations of selected lung disorders.

Authors:
M T Flores

Neonatal Netw 1993 Dec;12(8):9-15

Chest x-rays provide information that can help the clinician evaluate the newborn with respiratory distress. This article reviews the etiology, signs and symptoms, and common radiologic findings of the following lung disorders: (1) transient tachypnea of the newborn, (2) meconium aspiration syndrome, (3) respiratory distress syndrome, (4) chronic lung disease, and (5) air leaks. Each disorder is presented singly. Read More

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December 1993
1 Read

Radiological case of the month. Wet lung syndrome (transient tachypnea of the newborn).

Am J Dis Child 1985 Dec;139(12):1233-4

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December 1985
2 Reads

A newly recognized profile in neonatal lung disease with maternal diabetes.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1985 Mar;144(3):529-33

A radiographic pattern associated with respiratory distress, distinct from hyaline membrane disease and transient tachypnea of the newborn, is described in eight infants of diabetic mothers. The radiographic findings demonstrate a regional distribution of reticulogranular densities accompanied by increased lung volumes. Clinical features were gestationally mature infants in moderate respiratory distress with tachypnea, hypercapnia, and hypoxemia requiring supplemental oxygen, with steady improvement and uneventful recovery within 2 weeks. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.144.3.529DOI Listing
March 1985
2 Reads

Radiographic findings in neonatal pneumonia.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1984 Jul;143(1):23-6

The chest films of 30 infants with autopsy-proved pulmonary infections were reviewed to assess the radiographic changes in neonatal pneumonia. The most common abnormality identified was bilateral alveolar densities, noted in 77% of cases. One-third of patients had characteristically extensive, dense alveolar changes with numerous air bronchograms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.143.1.23DOI Listing
July 1984
2 Reads

Initial systolic time intervals as predictors of the severity of transient tachypnea in term neonates.

Authors:
K Heinonen

Acta Paediatr Scand 1983 Jan;72(1):111-4

42 term neonates with transient tachypnea (TTN) underwent echocardiography and determination of systolic time intervals before the age of 4 hours. Based on initial measurement of right ventricular systolic time intervals (RVSTIs) the patients were divided in two groups: neonates with RVSTI ratios less than or equal to 0.50 (Group I) (n = 35) and neonates with RVSTI ratios greater than 0. Read More

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January 1983
2 Reads

[Most frequent causes, complications and differential diagnosis of neonatal respiratory distress in chest x-ray].

Authors:
W Ponhold

Padiatr Padol 1982 ;17(4):715-40

The radiologic changes of the chest X-ray of 270 newborns with respiratory distress were analyzed. In cases of Hyaline Membranes the chest X-ray showed finely granular evenly disseminated structures combined with signs of hypoventilation. Localized, patchy, streaky, homogenous and reticulonodular shadows were found in cases of pneumonia and hemorrhage. Read More

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March 1983
3 Reads

Patent ductus arteriosus in hyaline membrane disease: chest radiography.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1980 Aug;135(2):307-9

Sequential chest radiographs of 45 consecutive neonates with respiratory distress were reviewed prospectively. Nineteen had hyaline membrane disease, 16 had infiltrates of other etiology, three had transient tachypnea of the newborn, and seven had no pulmonary pathology on chest radiography. Ten of the 19 infants with hyaline membrane disease and one of the 16 with pulmonary infiltrates had clinical and radiologic evidence of a patient arteriosus; there was echocardiographic confirmation in seven. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.135.2.307DOI Listing
August 1980
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The suprasternal fossa on chest radiographs in newborns.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1978 Apr;130(4):745-6

Visualization of the suprasternal fossa in the newborn is due to suprasternal retraction. It is seen in 59% of patients with respiratory distress syndrome of the premature prior to intubation, and in 5% of patients with conditions such as pneumonia, meconium aspiration, and transient tachypnea of the newborn. The lower compliance of the lungs in patients with respiratory distress syndrome and increased compliance of the chest wall in premature infants accounts for the higher incidence of accentuation of the fossa. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/ajr.130.4.745DOI Listing
April 1978
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Symptomatic neonatal plethora.

Authors:
S Saigal R H Usher

Biol Neonate 1977 ;32(1-2):62-72

Blood volume and clinical data are reported on 8 premature and 3 full-term infants who presented with symptoms apparently due to polycythemia or hypervolemia. These cases termed 'symptomatic neonatal plethora' were caused by large placental transfusions associated with delayed clamping of the umbilical cord. Tachypnea, mild cyanosis, plethoric skin color, and neurological depression persisted on average for 30 h after birth. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000240996DOI Listing
November 1977
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Roentgen findings in transient tachypnea of the newborn.

Radiology 1969 Mar;92(4):751-7

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March 1969
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