44 results match your criteria Imaging in Thoracic Blastomycosis


Thoracic Endemic Fungi in the United States: Importance of Patient Location.

Radiographics 2021 Mar-Apr;41(2):380-398. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

From the Department of Clinical Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia, 1 Hospital Dr, Columbia, MO 65212 (J.R.K., A.H.); Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif (L.F.B.); Departments of Diagnostic Radiology (C.F.) and Pathology (D.S.), Oregon Health Sciences & University, Portland, Ore; and Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kan (C.M.W.).

The digitization of radiographic studies along with high-speed transmission of images has formed the basis of teleradiology, which has become an integral component in the workflow of a contemporary radiology practice. It is with this advent and growing utilization of teleradiology that the significance of the source location of images has gained importance. Specifically, the importance of where the patient resides and what endemic fungi occur in that location cannot be underestimated. Read More

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February 2021

[Pulmonary blastomycosis].

Pan Afr Med J 2020 28;36:220. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Service de Pneumologie IV, Faculté de Médecine de Tunis, Hôpital Abderrahmen Mami Ariana, Tunis, Tunisie.

Blastomycosis is a rare fungal disease in Africa which is often due to inhalation of "Blastomyces dermatitidis". Pulmonary blastomycosis is the most common clinical manifestation which presents with a variety of clinical features, ranging from asymptomatic to rapidly fatal. We report the case of a Tunisian patient aged 35 years with no previous medical history, hospitalized with chronic cough, bilateral basithoracic pain, fever and weight loss. Read More

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December 2020

Veno-venous extracorporeal life support for blastomycosis-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Perfusion 2019 11 26;34(8):660-670. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Blastomyces is a dimorphic fungus endemic to regions of North America, which can lead to pneumonia and fatal severe acute respiratory diseases syndrome in up to 89% of patients. Extracorporeal life support can provide adequate oxygenation while allowing the lungs to rest and heal, which might be an ideal therapy in this patient group, although long-term clinical and radiological outcomes are not known.

Clinical Features: We report on five consecutive patients admitted to Toronto General Hospital intensive care unit between January 2012 and September 2016, with progressive respiratory failure requiring veno-venous extracorporeal life support within 24-96 hours following mechanical ventilation. Read More

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November 2019

Disseminated Blastomycosis in a Teenager Presenting with Pleural Effusion and Splenomegaly.

J Emerg Med 2019 Mar 25;56(3):e23-e26. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Children's Hospital of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Background: Blastomycosis is caused by a fungus endemic to states and providences bordering the Lawrence Rivers and the Great Lakes. It can lead to significant pathology in both immunocompetent and immunocompromised hosts. This case report describes disseminated blastomycosis in an otherwise healthy 16-year-old patient. Read More

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Endemic pulmonary fungal diseases in immunocompetent patients: an emphasis on thoracic imaging.

Expert Rev Respir Med 2019 03 31;13(3):263-277. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

a Department of Radiology , Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , Brazil.

Introduction: Systemic endemic mycoses are prevalent in specific geographical areas of the world and are responsible for high rates of morbidity and mortality in these populations, and in immigrants and travelers returning from endemic regions. The most common fungal infections that can affect the lungs of immunocompetent patients include histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis, sporotrichosis, aspergillosis, and cryptococcosis. Diagnosis and management of these diseases remain challenging, especially in non-endemic areas due to the lack of experience. Read More

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Imaging Patterns of Pediatric Pulmonary Blastomycosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2019 04 27;212(4):905-913. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

4 Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Section of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.

Objective: The objective of our study was to characterize and update the radiologic patterns of pediatric pulmonary blastomycosis, and correlate the radiologic patterns with patient age.

Materials And Methods: Patients 0-18 years old with pulmonary blastomycosis who underwent chest imaging from 2005 to 2016 were included in this study. The following data were collected: age, sex, clinical information, and imaging findings including presence of extrapulmonary involvement and scarring on follow-up examinations. Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of Systemic Endemic Mycoses Causing Pulmonary Disease.

Respiration 2018;96(3):283-301. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Division of Clinical Infectious Diseases, Research Center Borstel, Borstel, Germany.

Systemic endemic mycoses cause high rates of morbidity and mortality in certain regions of the world and the real impact on global health is not well understood. Diagnosis and management remain challenging, especially in low-prevalence settings, where disease awareness is lacking. The main challenges include the variability of clinical presentation, the fastidious and slow-growing nature of the fungal pathogens, the paucity of diagnostic tests, and the lack of options and toxicity of antifungal drugs. Read More

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October 2019

An Unusual Cause of Horner Syndrome.

J Gen Intern Med 2018 05 30;33(5):774-775. Epub 2018 Jan 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

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Disseminated blastomycosis in a 57-year-old man working in construction.

CMAJ 2017 12;189(49):E1531

Department of Medicine (Dalcin), University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta.; Northern Ontario School of Medicine at Laurentian University (Sandre), Sudbury, Ont.

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December 2017

Radiology Case of the Month: TB or Not TB… That is the Question.

J La State Med Soc 2017 Jul-Aug;169(4):111-113. Epub 2017 Aug 28.

Tulane University Health Sciences Center, Department of Radiology - New Orleans, LA.

45-year-old female presenting initially with fever, nonproductive cough, night sweats, pleuritic chest pain, fatigue and weight loss over the past month. Read More

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Probable pulmonary Blastomyomycocis in an immunocompetent person.

Int J Infect Dis 2017 Jun 12;59:86-89. Epub 2017 Apr 12.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jinhua Center Hospital, Jinhua, China. Electronic address:

The current case report presents a 29-year old man who worked as a hotel guard in a city in China. The patient had fever and dry cough before and after hospitalization. Chest X-ray and CT revealed nodular and patchy lesions in both lower lungs. Read More

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Fungal osteomyelitis with vertebral re-ossification.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2016 8;19:1-3. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of AR for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205,USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: We present a rare case of thoracic vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to pulmonary Blastomyces dermatitides.

Presentation Of Case: A 27-year-old male presented with three months of chest pains and non-productive cough. Examination revealed diminished breath sounds on the right. Read More

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February 2016

Surgery for blastomycosis of the spine.

Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 2014 Nov;43(11):E266-71

Norton Leatherman Spine Center, Louisville, KY.

Blastomycosis is a rare fungal infection that primarily produces acute lung infections but may disseminate to multiple sites, including the spine. Once vertebral involvement occurs, an untreated infection may result in vertebral body destruction and paraspinal and epidural abscess formation followed by neurologic injury and loss of structural integrity of the spine. We report the case of a 30-year-old man who had pulmonary blastomycosis (treated with oral itraconazole for 6 months) and presented with a 2-month history of mild thoracolumbar back pain and numbness and tingling in the lower extremities, but no neurologic deficits. Read More

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November 2014

Fungal infection mimicking pulmonary malignancy: clinical and radiological characteristics.

Lung 2013 Dec 17;191(6):655-62. Epub 2013 Sep 17.

Department of Imaging, AC Camargo Cancer Center, Rua Paulo Orozimbo, 726, Aclimação, São Paulo, SP, 01535-001, Brazil,

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological features of patients with fungal infection mimicking thoracic malignancy and to establish a diagnostic approach for both clinicians and radiologists to avoid misdiagnosis.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed clinical and computed tomography (CT) findings from 27 patients who presented with suspicion of thoracic malignancy who were ultimately diagnosed with fungal disease.

Results: Patients' median age was 55. Read More

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December 2013

[Blastomycosis in Morocco: imported mycosis].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2012 Feb 16;68(1):45-9. Epub 2011 Jul 16.

Service d'anatomie pathologie, faculté de médecine et de pharmacie, CHU Mohammed VI, université Cadi Ayyad, Marrakech, Maroc.

Blastomycosis is a rare case. We report a first Moroccan case. A 41-year-old male presented with a 6-month history of dyspnea, fever and significant chest pain associated with night sweats and weight loss. Read More

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February 2012

Beyond skin deep: thoracic manifestations of systemic disorders affecting the skin.

Radiographics 2011 Oct;31(6):1651-68

Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, 600 Highland Ave, MC 3252, Madison, WI 53792-3252, USA.

A variety of systemic disorders--infections, noninfectious inflammatory diseases, collagen vascular diseases, hereditary diseases, and acquired immune deficiency diseases--may affect both the skin and the lung. The findings in one organ system can help establish the diagnosis or limit the differential diagnosis. Cutaneous manifestations of many conditions (eg, Kaposi sarcoma) precede thoracic manifestations and sometimes have prognostic implications for respiratory disease; in other conditions (eg, organizing pneumonia in polymyositis and dermatomyositis), thoracic manifestations precede cutaneous ones. Read More

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October 2011

The basketball player with back pain.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2011 Oct;30(10):915-6

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health and Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

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October 2011

Pulmonary blastomycosis: a case from Africa.

ScientificWorldJournal 2008 Nov 2;8:1098-103. Epub 2008 Nov 2.

Pulmonology Department, A.Mami Hospital, Ariana, Tunisia.

Pulmonary blastomycosis is an uncommon pathologic condition that is quite rare in Africa compared to endemic regions of Canada and the upper Midwest of the U.S. We describe a 45-year-old patient who complained of productive cough, hemoptysis, and dorsal rachiodynia. Read More

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November 2008

Cutaneous tumefaction in empyema necessitatis.

Authors:
Cesar V Reyes

Int J Dermatol 2007 Dec;46(12):1294-7

Cytology Section, Veterans Affairs Hospital, Hines, and Department of Pathology, Morris Hospital, Morris, IL, USA.

Background: Empyema necessitatis refers to a collection of exudative fluid that extends directly from the pleural cavity to the thoracic wall to form a mass in the extrapleural soft tissue of the chest. It was an uncommon complication of tuberculous pleural effusion even in the pre-antibiotic era, and has also been associated with bacterial lung abscess, actinomycosis, blastomycosis, and malignancies.

Methods: Seven instances of chest wall mass lesion secondary to empyema necessitatis, diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), are reported. Read More

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December 2007

Imaging of bacterial pulmonary infection in the immunocompetent patient.

Semin Roentgenol 2007 Apr;42(2):122-45

Department of Radiology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Pulmonary infection is a common reason for imaging of the lung and a common incidental finding in immunocompetent patients. Findings on chest radiography are nonspecific in defining acute infection; however, the radiologist should be aware of classically described patterns of infection, including air space, bronchopneumonia, and interstitial patterns. The radiologist must also be aware of potential limitations of the sensitivity of chest radiography. Read More

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Pulmonary fungal infection: imaging findings in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients.

Eur J Radiol 2006 Sep 24;59(3):371-83. Epub 2006 May 24.

Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50, Ilwon-Dong, Kangnam-Ku, Seoul 135-710, Republic of Korea.

Histoplasmosis is the most common endemic mycosis in North America, and is followed by coccidioidomycosis and blastomycosis. Although the majority of these infections in immunocompetent persons are self-limited, some patients can develop severe pneumonitis or various forms of chronic pulmonary infection. Cryptococcoci, Aspergillus, Candidas, and Mucorals are ubiquitous organisms, which may affect immunocompromised patients. Read More

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September 2006

What is your diagnosis? Diffuse nodular bronchointerstitial pattern.

Authors:
Priti S Karnik

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2003 Jan;222(1):27-8

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg 24061, USA.

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January 2003

Acoustic imaging of the human chest.

Chest 2001 Oct;120(4):1309-21

School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Study Objectives: A novel method for acoustic imaging of the human respiratory system is proposed and evaluated.

Design: The proposed imaging system uses simultaneous multisensor recordings of thoracic sounds from the chest wall, and digital, computer-based postprocessing. Computer simulations and recordings from a life-size gelatin model of the human thorax are used to evaluate the system in vitro. Read More

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October 2001

Pyogenic spondylodiskitis: a radiologic/pathologic and culture correlation study.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2000 May;124(5):712-6

Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-0588, USA.

Background: Intervertebral disk tissue is resistant to hematogenous infection because of its avascularity. However, spondylodiskitis is being diagnosed with increasing frequency because of advancement in magnetic resonance imaging technology. There is a dearth of information regarding the bacteriology, histomorphologic features, and radiopathologic correlation of spondylodiskitis. Read More

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Thoracic and abdominal blastomycosis in a horse.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 1999 May;214(9):1357-60, 1335

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA.

A 5-year-old Quarter Horse mare was examined because of lethargy, fever, and weight loss of 1 month's duration. Thoracic auscultation revealed decreased lung sounds cranioventrally. Thoracic ultrasonography revealed bilateral anechoic areas with hyperechoic strands, consistent with pleural effusion and fibrin tags. Read More

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Vertebral blastomycosis with paravertebral abscess: report of eight cases and review of the literature.

Clin Infect Dis 1998 Feb;26(2):413-8

Department of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and the Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Little Rock 72205, USA.

Bone is the third most frequent site of disease in patients with blastomycosis, and the vertebrae are among the bones affected most often. We describe the clinical features and treatment of eight patients with vertebral blastomycosis and review the literature regarding this disease. All eight patients had destructive vertebral lesions evident on radiographs, and all had clinical or radiographic evidence of a contiguous abscess. Read More

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February 1998

Progressive vertebral blastomycosis mimicking tuberculosis.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 1995 Sep;14(9):816-8

Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Turkey.

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September 1995

Pulmonary blastomycosis in children: findings on chest radiographs.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 1995 Sep;165(3):651-4

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Children's Hospital of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify characteristic radiographic findings in children with pulmonary blastomycosis.

Subjects And Methods: We reviewed the charts and radiographs of 18 children with culture-proven acute pulmonary blastomycosis. The 10 boys and eight girls were from 1 to 16 years old. Read More

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September 1995

Thoracic mycoses from endemic fungi: radiologic-pathologic correlation.

Radiographics 1995 Mar;15(2):255-70

Department of Radiology, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA.

The endemic fungi Histoplasma capsulatum, Blastomyces dermatitidis, and Coccidioides immitis are primary human pathogens whose major portal of entry is the respiratory tract. Their clinical manifestations are categorized as acute, chronic or chronic progressive, or disseminated fungal disease. Most acute pulmonary infections are self-limited, and many are asymptomatic. Read More

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Delayed treatment of pulmonary blastomycosis causing vertebral osteomyelitis, paraspinal abscess, and spinal cord compression.

Scand J Infect Dis 1994 ;26(1):111-5

Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, Missouri 63104.

A 36-year-old woman with gallbladder disease had an incidental finding of asymptomatic cavitary lung infection with Blastomyces dermatitidis. No treatment was given initially, and 2 months later she presented with vertebral osteomyelitis, paraspinal abscess, and spinal cord compression due to dissemination of the fungus. The patient recovered following surgical debridement and treatment with 1 g of amphotericin B, followed by itraconazole 400 mg QD for 6 months. Read More

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