4,298 results match your criteria Imaging in Subdural Hematoma


Reversal and Resumption of Antithrombotic Therapy in LVAD- Associated Intracranial Hemorrhage.

Ann Thorac Surg 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Cerebrovascular Center, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio; Department of Neurology, NYU School of Medicine, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Background: Little data exists regarding reversal and resumption of antithrombotics following left ventricular assist device (LVAD)-associated intracranial hemorrhage (ICH).

Methods: Prospectively collected data of LVAD patients with ICH was reviewed. Coagulopathy reversal agents, antithrombotic regimens and thrombotic (venous thromboembolism, ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction) and hemorrhagic (recurrent ICH, gastrointestinal bleed, anemia requiring transfusion) complications were recorded. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2019.01.016DOI Listing
February 2019

Idiopathic cervical spinal subdural haematoma: a case report and literature review.

J Int Med Res 2019 Feb 14:300060519829666. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

1 Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China.

This report describes a case of idiopathic cervical spinal subdural haematoma (SSDH) in which the haematoma was spontaneously absorbed without any treatment. A 68-year-old male patient presented with persistent neck pain and no obvious cause. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a space-occupying lesion at the C4-T1 levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060519829666DOI Listing
February 2019

Spontaneous Spinal Intradural Haematoma in an Anticoagulated Woman.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 24;5(10):000951. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Neurology Department, Centro Hospitalar do Médio Tejo, Abrantes, Portugal.

A 57-year-old woman, with a history of deep venous thrombosis and medicated with warfarin, presented at the hospital with acute back pain with paraplegia, headache, high blood pressure and vomiting. Imaging of the spine showed an acute intradural extramedullary haemorrhage with blood clot formation. The patient underwent surgery and received intensive post-surgical physiotherapy but remains paraplegic. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000951DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346889PMC
October 2018

Spontaneous Intracranial and Lumbar Subdural Hematoma Presenting as Vaginal Pain.

J Emerg Med 2019 Feb 8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Background: Spontaneous spinal and intracranial subdural hematomas are rarely reported, especially occurring simultaneously. Anticoagulation use has been associated with spontaneous hemorrhages. Prompt diagnosis is required to prevent permanent neurological sequelae. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2018.12.032DOI Listing
February 2019

Minicraniotomy with a subgaleal pocket for the treatment of subdural fluid collections in infants.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Feb 1:1-6. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

1Department of Neurosurgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences; and.

OBJECTIVEVarious surgical techniques have been described to treat subdural fluid collections in infants, including transfontanelle aspiration, burr holes, subdural drain, subduroperitoneal shunt, and minicraniotomy. The purpose of this study was to describe a modification of the minicraniotomy technique that avoids the implantation of external drainage catheters and potentially carries a higher success rate.METHODSIn this retrospective study, the authors describe 11 cases involving pediatric patients who underwent parietal minicraniotomies for the evacuation of subdural fluid collections. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.11.PEDS18322DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Subdural haematoma in neonates following forceps-assisted delivery: case series and review of the literature.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Jan 28. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Purpose: Subdural haematoma (SDH) is a recognised complication of forceps-assisted delivery (FAD). There are no guidelines regarding its management. This study aims to provide a better insight into the management and outcomes of neonatal SDH post-FAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-04043-6DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Risk Factors for Recurrent Hematoma After Surgery for Acute Traumatic Subdural Hematoma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 10. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Department of Neurosurgery, Turku University Hospital and University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Neurovascular Surgery Program, Section of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago Medicine and Biological Sciences, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The development of postcraniotomy hematoma (PCH) after surgery for acute traumatic subdural hematoma (aSDH) has been associated with an increased risk of a poor outcome. The risk factors contributing to PCH remain poorly understood. Our aim was to study the potential risk factors for PCH in a consecutive series of surgically evacuated patients with aSDH. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750193002
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.155DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

A case of post angiography subdural collection contrast enhancement: Time course of attenuation reduction.

Radiol Case Rep 2019 Mar 4;14(3):396-399. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

The leakage of contrast material into the subdural space following intra-arterial or intravenous administration can present as hyperattenuating subdural collections on noncontrast head computed tomography (CT) scan, mimicking subdural hematomas. Such a finding can potentially initiate erroneous intervention or hinder thromboprophylaxis treatment. We report the time course of attenuation changes in enhancing subdural collections of a patient with suspected stroke following percutaneous coronary intervention. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.12.013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6321888PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Malignant meningioma mimicking chronic subdural hematoma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 3. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Aso Iizuka hospital, 3-83 Yoshio-machi, Iizuka, Fukuoka, Japan.

Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is the most common disease encountered in neurosurgery. Diagnoses of CSDH are usually made based on computed tomography (CT) images. In the present report, we discuss the case of a patient with meningioma whose findings instead suggested CSDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.129DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Double-crescent sign as a predictor of chronic subdural hematoma recurrence following burr-hole surgery.

J Neurosurg 2019 Jan 4:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 4.

1Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University Hospital and School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka.

OBJECTIVESubdural hygroma has been reported as a causative factor in the development of a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) following a head trauma and/or neurosurgical procedure. In some CSDH cases, the presence of a 2-layered space delineated by the same or similar density of CSF surrounded by a superficial, residual hematoma is seen on CT imaging after evacuation of the hematoma. The aims of the present study were to test the hypothesis that the double-crescent sign (DCS), a unique imaging finding described here, is associated with the postoperative recurrence of CSDH, and to investigate other factors that are related to CSDH recurrence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS18805DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome after a burr hole drainage surgery for chronic subdural hematoma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 2. Epub 2019 Jan 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Showa General Hospital, Kodaira, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Although chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) has a good prognosis after classical minimally invasive drainage surgery, severe complications still occur at a substantial rate. In particular, cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS), which is a common severe complication after carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting for cervical carotid artery stenosis, is rare after drainage surgery for a CSDH.

Case Description: We describe the case of an 82-year-old woman who presented with ipsilesional symptoms including contralateral hemiparesis and dysarthria, progressively worsening consciousness, and status epilepticus after a burr hole drainage surgery for CSDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.100DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Acute subdural hematomas in shunted normal-pressure hydrocephalus patients - Management options and literature review: A case-based series.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 28;9:238. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Background: Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) is considered a risk factor for developing subdural hematomas (SDH). Treating cases of acute SDH (aSDH) in shunted normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) patients can be challenging, and data in this field are scarce. We report our experience treating shunted NPH patients presenting with aSDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_338_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287333PMC
November 2018
1 Read

Development and Validation of Prognostic Model for Patients with Acute Subdural Hematoma-Reliable Nomogram.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 27. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital, Xining, Qinghai, China.

Objective: By extracting clinical and computed tomography imaging data of patients with acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), factors that were significantly associated with poor prognosis were screened and a nomogram model was established and validated.

Methods: All patients with ASDH who underwent subdural hematoma removal and decompressive craniectomy from January 2014 to March 2018 in Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital were continuously collected. Finally, 124 patients were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.081DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

International practice variation in postoperative imaging of chronic subdural hematoma patients.

J Neurosurg 2018 Dec 21:1-8. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

1Computational Neuroscience Outcomes Center (CNOC), Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

OBJECTIVEThe value of CT scanning after burr hole surgery in chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) patients is unclear, and practice differs between countries. At the Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) in Boston, Massachusetts, neurosurgeons frequently order routine postoperative CT scans, while the University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU) in the Netherlands does not have this policy. The aim of this study was to compare the use of postoperative CT scans in CSDH patients between these hospitals and to evaluate whether there are differences in clinical outcomes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.8.JNS181767DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read

[123I-Iomazenil Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography Imaging in a Patient with Mild Traumatic Subdural Hematoma Accompanied by Delayed Transient Aphasia].

No Shinkei Geka 2018 Dec;46(12):1081-1086

Department of Neurosurgery, Iwate Medical University School of Medicine.

Early and late images of 123I-iomazenil(IMZ)single-photon emission computed tomography(SPECT)reflect distributions of cerebral blood flow and those of cortical benzodiazepine receptor binding potential, respectively. Crossed cerebellar diaschisis reflects left-to-right asymmetry of metabolism in the cerebral hemispheres. We present a case of a 67-year-old woman who developed transient aphasia 3 days after the onset of a mild acute subdural hematoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11477/mf.1436203872DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Intracranial Hemorrhage in Children With Inherited Bleeding Disorders: A Single Center Study in China.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2018 Dec 14. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a life-threatening condition in children. Inherited bleeding disorders (IBD) have high risk of ICH.

Aim: This single center study aims to identify the incidence, risk factors, and neurological outcome of ICH in children who suffer from IBD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MPH.0000000000001358DOI Listing
December 2018
3 Reads

Subdural hematoma and electroconvulsive therapy: A case report and review of the literature.

Neurochirurgie 2018 Dec 13. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

Department of neurosurgery, Hospices civils de Lyon, Hospital for neurology and neurosurgery Pierre Wertheimer, 69003, Lyon, France; Université de Lyon, Université Claude-Bernard, 69003, Lyon, France; Inserm U1127, CNRS 7225, Brain and spine institute, 75006, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, université Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005, Paris, France.

Background And Case Presentation: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a common therapeutic procedure in psychiatry associated with a low rate of complications. We report a rare case of subdural hematoma (SDH) associated with ECT.

Clinical Presentation: a 64 year old woman, with a medical history of persistent depression which required ECT six years previously, underwent ECT following a new acute episode. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283770183035
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2018.11.001DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Carotid Artery Stenting for Symptomatic Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis Associated with Moyamoya Syndrome.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 5. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawaramachi, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto City, Kyoto 606-8507, JAPAN.

Background: The surgical intervention in a case of internal carotid artery stenosis with Moyamoya vessels has not been well described. We present such a case with detailed description about its procedure and perioperative management.

Case Description: A 58-year-old man with symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis had concurrent moyamoya vessels intracranially. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.204DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Spontaneous Acute Subdural Hematoma Associated with Arachnoid Cyst and Intra-cystic Hemorrhage.

Cureus 2018 Sep 28;10(9):e3383. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Neurosurgery, Advocate Christ Medical Center, Oak Lawn, USA.

Arachnoid cysts (ACs) are congenital, extra-axial lesions containing fluid similar to the composition of cerebrospinal fluid. Usually found incidentally, these lesions are observed with serial imaging to document their growth patterns and stability, and are then followed conservatively until clinical symptoms develop. Surgical options for symptomatic arachnoid cysts include cyst aspiration, cyst evacuation with fenestration into the subarachnoid space, and shunt procedures including cysto-peritoneal and cysto-ventricular shunts. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3383DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6263493PMC
September 2018
2 Reads

Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis of the Skull in a Burr Hole Site Covered with Hydroxyapatite Material.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 29;122:632-637. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ebina General Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.

Background: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare dendritic histiocytic disorder that affects the bones, especially the skull. Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) developing in a burr hole site for chronic subdural hematoma is extremely rare.

Case Description: A 53-year-old man underwent a burr hole irrigation for chronic subdural hematoma, and the burr hole was covered with a burr hole button made of hydroxyapatite. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183275
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.198DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Pediatric Central Nervous System Imaging of Nonaccidental Trauma: Beyond Subdural Hematomas.

Radiographics 2019 Jan-Feb;39(1):213-228. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

From the Department of Radiological Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Garrison Tower, Suite 4G4250, Oklahoma City, OK 73126 (D.G., B.O.C., S.J., A.M.A.); and Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, Calif (H.M.D.).

Infants and children under 2 years of age are at greatest risk for devastating neurologic complications following nonaccidental trauma. While a subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common finding and is often enough to raise suspicion for abuse, no single injury is pathognomonic for abusive head trauma (AHT). Rather, the combination of imaging and physical findings and the clinical presentation help confirm the diagnosis of AHT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180084DOI Listing
November 2018
8 Reads

Direct Carotid Cavernous Fistula Due to Rupture of a Cavernous Carotid Aneurysm Embedded Within a Prolactinoma After Cabergoline Administration.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 19;122:495-499. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Background: A small number of reports have described subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from a ruptured aneurysm embedded within a prolactinoma. To the best of our knowledge, no reports have described an embedded carotid cavernous fistula. We report a patient with carotid cavernous fistula secondary to a ruptured internal carotid artery aneurysm embedded within a prolactinoma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.071DOI Listing
February 2019
10 Reads

Recurrent Chronic Subdural Hematoma: Report of 13 Cases.

Open Med (Wars) 2018 22;13:520-527. Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Acibadem University School of Medicine, Department of Neurosurgery, Acibadem Adana Hospital, Adana, Turkey.

Chronic subdural hematoma is a frequent type of hemorrhage, which terminates with mortality if not diagnosed and treated early. The aim of this clinical study is to evaluate the patients with unilateral and bilateral recurrent chronic subdural hematoma. The study group consisted of 13 cases with unilateral and bilateral recurrent chronic subdural hematomas who underwent aggressive wide craniotomy, duraectomy, inner and outer membranectomy, dural border coagulation, incision through cortical vein trace and hang up of dural edge, between 2009 - 2016. Read More

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http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/med.2018.13.issue-1/med-2018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2018-0076DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6227846PMC
October 2018
9 Reads

Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization for Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Series of 60 Cases.

Neurosurgery 2018 Nov 9. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Weill Cornell Medical Institution New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York.

Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) is a particularly challenging pathology due to high recurrence rates (2%-37%) and complex medical comorbidities that tend to afflict the patient population. Recently, there have been several case series published describing the use of middle meningeal artery (MMA) embolization as an alternative to surgery for treatment of new or recurrent chronic SDH.

Objective: To describe our first 60 cases of MMA embolization for chronic SDH. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/neurosurgery/advance-article/doi/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyy521DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Complicated Mild Traumatic Brain Injury at a Level I Pediatric Trauma Center: Burden of Care and Imaging Findings.

Pediatr Neurol 2019 Jan 6;90:31-36. Epub 2018 Oct 6.

Division of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address:

Objective: The aims of this study were: (1) to characterize mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), mTBI with skull fracture, and complicated mTBI in school-aged children seen at a Level I pediatric trauma center and (2) to examine the nature of imaging findings seen in children with mTBI with skull fracture and those with complicated mTBI.

Methods: A total of 1777 pediatric patients (male: 1193 or 67.1%; age = 11. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08878994183009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2018.09.015DOI Listing
January 2019
9 Reads

Dengue Fever Presenting with Cervicodorsal Acute Spinal Spontaneous Subdural Hematoma-Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 4;122:272-277. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurosciences, Medanta the Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Background: Neurologic complications are increasingly being reported in dengue epidemics. Intraspinal hematomas are rare, and those associated with dengue fever are still rarer with only 1 being reported in the literature.

Case Description: We report a case of dengue fever presenting with acute-onset quadriparesis (upper limbs Medical Research Council [MRC] 4/5 and lower limbs 0/5) and urinary incontinence. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.201DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Craniotomy and Membranectomy for Treatment of Organized Chronic Subdural Hematoma.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 31;14(2):134-137. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

We report the case of a patient with organized chronic subdural hematoma (OCSH) that was treated with craniotomy. A 72-year-old man was admitted with a complaint of a drowsy mental status after a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. A brain computed tomography scan acquired at a local hospital revealed a large chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) in the left frontoparietal lobe. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.13004/kjnt.2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13004/kjnt.2018.14.2.134DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218340PMC
October 2018
12 Reads

Neurodevelopmental Prognostic Factors in 73 Neonates with the Birth Head Injury.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 31;14(2):80-85. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Objective: The objective of this study was to reinterpret the neurodevelopmental prognostic factors that are associated with birth head injury by performing a long-term follow-up.

Methods: Seventy-three neonates with head injuries were retrospectively analyzed after a duration of 10.0±7. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.13004/kjnt.2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13004/kjnt.2018.14.2.80DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218339PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Management of Patients with Acute Subdural Hemorrhage During Treatment with Direct Oral Anticoagulants.

Neurocrit Care 2018 Oct 31. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Neurosurgery, Heidelberg University Hospital, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Anticoagulation therapy is a major risk factor for unfavorable patient outcomes following (traumatic) intracranial hemorrhage. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) are increasingly used for the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic diseases. Data on patients treated for acute subdural hemorrhage (SDH) during anticoagulation therapy with DOAC are limited. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12028-018-0635-4
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12028-018-0635-4DOI Listing
October 2018
5 Reads

Superior sagittal sinus thrombosis as a rare complication of spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.

Int J Neurosci 2018 Nov 29:1-5. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

a Department of Neurology , Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University , Tiexi District , Shenyang , China.

In addition to an orthostatic headache, spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome can lead to subdural hematoma and diffusion, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and brain sag. However, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is rarely reported in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension. We present the case of a 35-year-old male who developed an orthostatic headache, nausea, vomiting, and photophobia for 5 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00207454.2018.1538144DOI Listing
November 2018
1 Read

An Unusual Presentation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma with Isolated Footdrop.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 13;121:166-168. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Division of Neurosurgery, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, New York, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Patients with chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) typically present with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure, including headache, nausea/vomiting, and somnolence, or with contralateral weakness. Compression of the convexity cerebral cortex usually causes motor deficit that is more readily appreciated in the upper extremity rather than in the leg, and very subtle deficit may be detected only by looking for pronator drift. The precise pattern of signs and symptoms in CSDH may vary from case to case depending on the specific anatomy of compression, but isolated lower extremity weakness is rare. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183233
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.042DOI Listing
January 2019
11 Reads

Absence of cognitive symptoms in a 6-year-old male with post-traumatic increased intracranial pressure - A case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2018 Nov 25;35:86-89. Epub 2018 Sep 25.

1 Hurley Plaza, 7 B Trauma Services, Flint, MI, 48503, USA.

Introduction: Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs) can range from mild to severe, and may result in increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Increased ICP causes hallmark physical signs, such as diaphoresis, emesis, fixed pupils, and altered mental status. Monitoring the patient's score on the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and cranial CT scans are routine measures used in clinical practice to monitor the development of a TBI. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S20490801183018
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amsu.2018.09.021DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6170209PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Disturbed Consciousness and Coma: Diagnosis and Management of Intracranial Hypotension Caused by a Spinal Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 5;121:e700-e711. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: The diagnosis and treatment of intracranial hypotension associated with a spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, especially in comatose patients, have yet to be established.

Methods: Clinical manifestations, neuroimaging findings, and treatment outcomes in 11 patients (Glasgow Coma Scale score 10 ± 4) were described and compared with 36 patients with normal consciousness.

Results: Patients with disturbed consciousness were diagnosed at a significantly older age (55 ± 11 years; P < 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183224
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.193DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Solitary Extramedullary Plasmacytoma Mimicking Acute Subdural Hematoma.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 27;120:521-524. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Health Sciences, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP) is a plasma cell neoplasm located outside the bone. It is rarely observed in the intracranial area. It is very difficult to diagnose this condition radiologically before surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.151DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Middle Meningeal Artery Embolization for Recurrent Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Case Series.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 6;118:e570-e574. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, Weill Cornell Medical College New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New York, USA.

Background: Embolization of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) has recently been proposed as an alternative to surgery for treatment of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH). There is increasing evidence that fragile neovasculature arising from distal branches of the MMA found within the membrane that forms around a chronic SDH is responsible for high recurrence rates due to chronic, repeated rebleeding. Embolization of the MMA could thus potentially eliminate the blood supply to this membrane and prevent further rebleeding. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.241DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Life-Threatening Hemorrhagic Moyamoya Disease: Report of Rare Case of Atraumatic Acute Subdural Hematoma Due to Ruptured Transdural Anastomosis.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 2;118:16-20. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Background: Atraumatic acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) associated with moyamoya disease (MMD) is rare, and only a few studies have reported the bleeding origin. We present a case of atraumatic ASDH attributable to a transdural anastomosis that developed owing to the compensatory mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of advanced MMD. This is the first case of life-threatening atraumatic ASDH associated with MMD in which the rupture point was clearly visualized using a 3-dimensional rotational reconstructed image. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.197DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension: A Report on 4 Cases and a Review of the Literature.

Headache 2018 Sep 20;58(8):1244-1255. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Neurology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR. China.

Objective: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is a risk factor for cerebral venous thrombosis. The occurrence of cerebral venous thrombosis in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension raises difficult practical questions regarding the management of the 2 conditions. We reviewed our experience and the relevant literature to evaluate these related questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13413DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

A delayed-onset intracranial chronic subdural hematoma following a lumbar spinal subdural hematoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(38):e12479

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan.

Rationale: A spinal subdural hematoma (SDH) is rarely complicated with an intracranial SDH. We found only 7 cases of spontaneous concurrent lumbar spinal and cranial SDHs, in which lumbar symptoms occurred before head symptoms.

Patient Concerns: We describe a 77-year-old man with spontaneous concurrent spinal and cranial SDHs, in whom the spinal SDH was identified 30 days before the intracranial chronic SDH. Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201809210-0009
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000012479DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6160060PMC
September 2018
5 Reads

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension and its complications.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2018 Aug;76(8):507-511

Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Radiologia, Campinas SP, Brasil.

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a syndrome that was unknown until the advent of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is a cause of orthostatic headache, which remains underdiagnosed and, rarely, can result in several complications including dural venous sinus thrombosis, subdural hematoma and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Some of these complications are potentially life-threatening and should be recognized promptly, mainly by imaging studies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20180070DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Spinal Hematomas: What a Radiologist Needs to Know.

Radiographics 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):1516-1535

From the Departments of Radiology and Medical Imaging (J.L.P., J.H.D., N.C.N., C.R.Q., M.T.P., N.F., M.D.M., C.A.S.) and Orthopedic Surgery (G.A.F., F.H.S.), University of Virginia, 1215 Lee St, Charlottesville, VA 22908.

Spinal hematomas are a frequent indication for radiologic evaluation and can be a diagnostic dilemma for many radiologists and surgeons. There are four types of spinal hematomas: epidural, subdural, subarachnoid, and intramedullary (spinal cord) hematomas. Because they differ by their location in relationship to the meningeal membranes and spinal cord, unique radiologic appearances can be recognized to distinguish these types of spinal hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2018180099DOI Listing
December 2018
24 Reads

Choroid Plexus Papilloma and Factor XIII Deficiency: Case Report.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2018 3;53(6):413-415. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Dicle University Medical Faculty, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Factor XIII deficiency is a rare hemorrhagic disorder that can cause spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage and bleeding after surgery. The diagnosis of factor XIII deficiency is difficult before surgical interventions, because coagulation parameters are normal in these patients. Important clinical findings are postsurgical bleeding and recurrent spontaneous intracranial hematomas. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492334
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492334DOI Listing
January 2019
13 Reads

Novel Temporary Treatment for a Severe Case of Syndrome of Trephined.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 28;120:200-204. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Background: Syndrome of the trephined is a unique neurosurgical condition that is seen in patients that have undergone craniectomy. While the symptoms of the condition range from mild to severe, the only definitive treatment for the condition is replacement of the bone flap. This article presents a novel, temporary treatment for syndrome of the trephined in a patient with severe symptoms who was unable to undergo immediate cranioplasty due to infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.153DOI Listing
December 2018
2 Reads

Unusual, Acute, and Delayed Traumatic Torcular Herophili Epidural Hematoma Causing Malignant Encephalocele During Surgery: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Aug 29;19:1030-1034. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Huishan People's Hospital of Wuxi, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Traumatic torcular herophili epidural hematoma is a rare and specific type of traumatic brain injury that is technically difficult to treat and, more critically, can lead to malignant encephalocele during the operation. CASE REPORT A 40-year-old man presented to our hospital 2 h after a motor vehicle crash. Emergency cranial CT showed a frontotemporal subdural hematoma; 3 h after the patient was admitted, the GCS score decreased to 8 and cranial CT re-examination showed that the frontotemporal subdural hematoma was significantly larger than before. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/910030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.910030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124356PMC
August 2018
12 Reads

Spinal Epidural and Intracranial Subdural Haemorrhage that is a Complication of Spinal Anaesthesia.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2018 Aug 1;46(4):319-322. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Division of Algology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Haemorrhage in the neuraxial region following spinal and epidural interventions is a rare and unexpected complication. Subdural haemorrhage is the most frequently occurring type. A 64-year-old male patient was admitted with complaints of severe headache and intermittent fever after 14 days of spinal anaesthesia and inguinal hernia operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TJAR.2018.28044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101718PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

[The surgical treatment in adults with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;98(31):2485-2488

The Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the effect of Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS)in adult patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus were reviewed, who were admitted into the Peking union medical college hospital from October 2010 to October 2016.The patients treated via VPS were retrospectively analyzed by collecting the data including clinic features, iNPH score and imaging data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.31.007DOI Listing
August 2018
13 Reads

[Therapeutic effect of burr-hole operation combined with dural inversion and temporalis-periosteal synangiosis for ischemic moyamoya disease of adults].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;98(31):2481-2484

The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250033, China.

To explore the therapeutic effect of burr-hole operation combined with dural inversion and temporalis-periosteal synangiosis for ischemic moyamoya disease of adults. The burr-hole operation combined with dural inversion and temporalis-periosteal synangiosis was performed on 21 adults with ischemic moyamoya disease since January 2013 in the second hospital of Shandong university.All of the patients were followed up for 3 months to 3 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.31.006DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

Imaging findings in the progression of a giant cell glioblastoma.

Radiol Case Rep 2018 Oct 14;13(5):1007-1011. Epub 2018 Aug 14.

The University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd., Galveston, TX 77555, USA.

First described in 1909, giant cell glioblastoma (GC) is a histologic variant of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) that accounts for 1% of cases of primary GBM. It is characterized by a predominance of bizarre giant cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm, and may portend an improved prognosis over classic GBM. Due to the rarity of GC, there is a paucity of reports that describe its associated radiologic findings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.07.010DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6097408PMC
October 2018
13 Reads

Moyamoya angiopathy: early postoperative course within 3 months after STA-MCA-bypass surgery in Europe-a retrospective analysis of 64 procedures.

J Neurol 2018 Oct 17;265(10):2370-2378. Epub 2018 Aug 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, Alfried Krupp Hospital, Alfried-Krupp-Strasse 21, 45130, Essen, Germany.

Background: Despite the consensus on the necessity of revascularizing surgery in Moyamoya angiopathy in Asia, the indication in Caucasian Moyamoya patients is discussed controversially.

Objective: The safety of revascularizing surgery in Europe should be clarified.

Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed the rate of complications as well as clinical symptoms within the first 3 months after bypass surgery between superficial temporal artery and middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-8997-2DOI Listing
October 2018
2 Reads

Acute Spontaneous Subdural Hematoma in Posterior Fossa: Great Outcome.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 2;119:146-150. Epub 2018 Aug 2.

Graduate Program in Medicine: Surgical Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

Background: Acute subdural hematomas are frequently seen in brain trauma-injured patients. However, spontaneous subdural hematomas are uncommon, especially those localized in the posterior fossa, where fewer than 10 case reports have been described in the medical literature.

Case Description: We describe a patient who suddenly had a headache and progressed rapidly to coma and signs of brainstem compression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.220DOI Listing
November 2018
3 Reads

Subdural Tension on the Brain in Patients with Chronic Subdural Hematoma Is Related to Hemiparesis but Not to Headache or Recurrence.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 1;119:e518-e526. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Neurosurgery, Teikyo University Medical School, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Hemiparesis is a major symptom of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). Its severity does not always correlate with hematoma size. The authors analyzed hematoma thickness, pressure, and tension to clarify the mechanism of hemiparesis in CSDH patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.192DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads