6,497 results match your criteria Imaging in Skull Fractures


Traumatic Falls in the Pediatric Population: Facial Fracture Patterns Observed in a Leading Cause of Childhood Injury.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Purpose: Falls are a leading cause of nonfatal injury in the pediatric population, resulting in numerous hospitalizations. Children may not have fully developed reflexive and balancing abilities, rendering them more susceptible to traumatic falls. Here the authors present their findings regarding patterns of facial fracture and concomitant injury seen in the pediatric population secondary to falls. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SAP.0000000000001861DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Radiologic Findings in Intimate Partner Violence.

Radiology 2019 Feb 5:180801. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

From the Departments of Radiology (E.G., C.H.P., N.S., B.K.) and Emergency Medicine (A.L., H.M.S.), Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115; and Department of Biostatistics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Mass (B.R.).

Purpose To assess the radiologic findings associated with intimate partner violence (IPV). Materials and Methods Electronic medical records of 185 patients referred to the IPV support program from the emergency department (ED) between January 2015 and October 2016 were retrospectively reviewed and compared with an age- and sex-matched control group of 555 subjects (1:3 ratio of IPV victims to control subjects) who presented to the ED. Reports of all imaging studies performed within 5 years prior to the index ED visit were reviewed. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://pubs.rsna.org/doi/10.1148/radiol.2019180801
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2019180801DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads
6.867 Impact Factor

Evaluating the Role of a Neurosurgery Consultation in Management of Pediatric Isolated Linear Skull Fractures.

Pediatr Neurosurg 2019 Jan 23:1-7. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine if a pediatric neurosurgical consultation for isolated linear skull fractures (ILSF) in pediatric patients with Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of ≥14 changed their management.

Methods: A 10-year retrospective chart review at a Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center was performed. Exclusion criteria were age > 18 years, open, depressed, or skull base fractures, pneumocephalus, poly-trauma, any hemorrhage (intraparenchymal, epidural, subdural, subarachnoid), cervical spine fractures, penetrating head trauma, and initial GCS scores ≤13. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/495792
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495792DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Occipitocervical Dislocation in Low-Energy Trauma.

Case Rep Orthop 2018 29;2018:3931525. Epub 2018 Nov 29.

Department of Orthopaedics & Sport Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, 325 Ninth Avenue Seattle, WA 98104, USA.

Traumatic occipitocervical dislocation (OCD) is described in the literature as a potentially fatal injury secondary to high-energy trauma. We describe a case of OCD occurring in a patient who sustained a ground-level fall whose only clinical symptom was posterior neck pain without neurologic compromise. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to diagnose severe injury to the structurally important ligamentous complex that stabilizes the base of the skull to the spine, along with unstable fractures of the occipital condyle and C1. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crior/2018/3931525/
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/3931525DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6304856PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Multiple fractures and luxations of palatofacial bones in a hawk-headed parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus).

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2019 Jan;254(2):251-256

CASE DESCRIPTION A 16-year-old female hawk-headed parrot (Deroptyus accipitrinus) was evaluated because of beak trauma and difficulty eating. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination revealed a lateral tissue protrusion in the left half of the oropharyngeal cavity ventral to the proximal aspect of the maxillary tomium as well as a small bony prominence on the left jugal arch. Range of motion of the beak appeared normal. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2460/javma.254.2.251DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Barotraumatic blowout fracture of the orbit after sneezing: Cone beam CT demonstration.

Clin Ter 2018 Nov-Dec;169(6):e265-e268

Section of Diagnostic Imaging - DIBIMED, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

A 40-year-old man with no history of trauma or previous sinus surgery complained sudden right diplopia after vigorous sneezing. The patient was submitted elsewhere to a MRI study for persisting diplopia, with inconclusive findings. One week later the patient was submitted to a maxillofacial cone beam CT (CBCT) in our Institution. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7417/CT.2018.2089DOI Listing
January 2019

Clinical Feasibility of Zero TE Skull MRI in Patients with Head Trauma in Comparison with CT: A Single-Center Study.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 Jan 13;40(1):109-115. Epub 2018 Dec 13.

MR Applications and Workflow (M.J.H.), GE Healthcare Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background And Purpose: Conventional MR imaging techniques cannot produce optimal images of bone structures because bone has little water and a very short T2 life span. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical feasibility of skull MR imaging using the zero TE sequence in patients with head trauma by assessing its diagnostic image quality and quantitative measurement compared with CT images.

Materials And Methods: Thirteen enrolled patients with head trauma were assessed using brain CT and skull MR imaging. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5916DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Citrate-based materials fuel human stem cells by metabonegenic regulation.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 12 26;115(50):E11741-E11750. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16801;

A comprehensive understanding of the key microenvironmental signals regulating bone regeneration is pivotal for the effective design of bioinspired orthopedic materials. Here, we identified citrate as an osteopromotive factor and revealed its metabonegenic role in mediating citrate metabolism and its downstream effects on the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). Our studies show that extracellular citrate uptake through solute carrier family 13, member 5 (SLC13a5) supports osteogenic differentiation via regulation of energy-producing metabolic pathways, leading to elevated cell energy status that fuels the high metabolic demands of hMSC osteodifferentiation. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1813000115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294936PMC
December 2018

The Diagnosis and Management of Facial Bone Fractures.

Emerg Med Clin North Am 2019 Feb;37(1):137-151

Department of Emergency Medicine, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 259 East Erie, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Medicine, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinber School of Medicine, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Northwestern Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 259 East Erie Street, Suite 1300, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Appropriate medical care for a patient with a facial fracture can not only optimize aesthetic outcomes but also prevent the potential morbidity and mortality of delayed treatment. In this article, we focus on the clinical presentations, physical examination findings, diagnostic imaging, consultations, and follow-up that patients with facial fractures need related to their emergency department management. Specifically, we address the nuances of evaluating frontal, orbital, nasal, maxillofacial, and mandibular fractures. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.emc.2018.09.012DOI Listing
February 2019
13 Reads

Risk Factors in Pediatric Blunt Cervical Vascular Injury and Significance of Seatbelt Sign.

West J Emerg Med 2018 Nov 18;19(6):961-969. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Houston, Texas.

Introduction: Computed tomography angiography (CTA) is used to screen patients for cerebrovascular injury after blunt trauma, but risk factors are not clearly defined in children. This modality has inherent radiation exposure. We set out to better delineate the risk factors associated with blunt cervical vascular injury (BCVI) in children with attention to the predictive value of seatbelt sign of the neck. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://escholarship.org/uc/item/0vp885t4
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.5811/westjem.2018.9.39429DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225950PMC
November 2018
10 Reads

Black bone MRI with 3D reconstruction for the detection of skull fractures in children with suspected abusive head trauma.

Neuroradiology 2019 Jan 7;61(1):81-87. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Radiology, Addenbrooke's Hospital, University of Cambridge, Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 0QQ, UK.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of "black bone" (BB) MRI for the detection of skull fractures in children with potential abusive head trauma.

Methods: A total of 34 pediatric patients were evaluated for potential abusive head trauma. All patients had both a non-contrast head CT (HCT) with multiplanar reformatted images and 3D volumetric reformatted images where available (gold standard) for fracture diagnosis and BB of the head with multiplanar reformatted images and 3D volumetric images. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00234-018-2127-9
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-018-2127-9DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Wormian Bone of the Orbit: A Case Report.

Cureus 2018 Aug 7;10(8):e3117. Epub 2018 Aug 7.

Neurosurgery, Seattle Science Foundation, Seattle, USA.

Wormian bones are formed due to abnormal ossification centers in various locations in the skull. Genetic and/or environmental factors have been proposed to explain their formation. These bones can be normal anatomical variants or associated with a number of pathological conditions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://www.cureus.com/articles/14044-wormian-bone-of-the-or
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3117DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6175252PMC
August 2018
11 Reads

A 23-year follow-up of a male with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome due to NOTCH2 mutation.

Am J Med Genet A 2018 Nov 17;176(11):2382-2388. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Medical Genetics, Medical University, Warsaw, Poland.

We present a natural history of a 32-year-old man with Hajdu-Cheney syndrome (HJCYS), because of the de novo truncating mutation in the exon 34 of NOTCH2 (c.6424-6427delTCTG, p.Ser2142ArgfsX4), who has been followed up for a period of 23 years (between 9 and 32 years). Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/ajmg.a.40431
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.40431DOI Listing
November 2018
13 Reads

Planes of Reference for Orbital Fractures: A Technique for Reproducible Measurements of the Orbit on Computed Tomography Scans.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1817-1820

Division of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Department of Surgery, National University Health System.

Purpose: Planes of reference for orbital fractures (PROF) was developed to standardize measurements made on orbital computed tomography scans. This study describes the use of PROF in determining the location along the orbital floor where the posterior ledge (PL) most commonly occurs. The transverse inclination and anterior-posterior inclination of the orbital floor will also be measured. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005021DOI Listing
October 2018
10 Reads

Brain Death: Diagnosis and Imaging Techniques.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2018 Oct 2;39(5):515-529. Epub 2018 Mar 2.

Division of Neuroradiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA. Electronic address:

Brain death (BD) is an irreversible cessation of functions of the entire brain, including the brainstem. The diagnosis of BD is made on clinical grounds and neurologic examination. In the United States, clinical criteria set by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) emphasize 3 specific clinical findings to confirm BD, which include coma, absence of brainstem reflexes and apnea. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2018.01.006DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read
1.082 Impact Factor

Essentials of Head Trauma Imaging.

Semin Ultrasound CT MR 2018 Oct 8;39(5):469-480. Epub 2018 Feb 8.

Division of Neuroradiology, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH.

Head trauma is a common indication for neuroimaging in the emergency room. CT is the modality of first choice, as it is quick, safe, and effective in evaluating for life-threatening intracranial hemorrhage and mass effect. CT is also best for evaluating for skull fractures, which may alter management and lead to further imaging studies. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sult.2018.01.004DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Correlation Between the Existing Classifications of Nasal Bone Fractures and Subjective Patient Satisfaction.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1825-1828

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Since the nose is at the center of the face, small changes to it can cause a big overall change. Therefore, a nasal fracture needs to be operated on when deformity is expected. Although many taxonomies have been developed for nasal bone fractures, no study has aimed to predict individual patient satisfaction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005043DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Complex Orbital Fractures: Three-Dimensional Planning and Combined Surgical Approach.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1965-1968

Unit of Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Psychology, Sapienza University, Ospedale Sant'Andrea, Rome.

Nowadays the development of diagnostic imaging, surgical techniques, alloplastic materials, and surgical instruments has made possible a more accurate management of orbital fractures. The aim of the present study was the management of orbital fractures and the solution of particular cases. The use of high-resolution computed tomography makes possible to gain a better understanding of the complex orbit anatomical structure. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000005022DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Clinical Signs of Basilar Skull Fracture and Their Predictive Value in Diagnosis of This Injury.

J Trauma Nurs 2018 Sep/Oct;25(5):301-306

School of Nursing, University of São Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil (Mss Solai and Drs Nogueira and de Sousa); and All Trauma, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil (Dr Domingues).

Although clinical signs for the diagnosis of basilar skull fracture (BSF) are ambiguous, they are widely used to make decisions on initial interventions involving trauma patients. We aimed to assess the performance of early and late (within 48 hr posttrauma) signs for BSF diagnosis and to verify the correlation between the presence of these signs and head injury severity. We conducted a prospectively designed follow-up study at a referral hospital for trauma care in Sao Paulo, Brazil, and performed structured observations for 48 hr post-blunt head injury in patients aged 12 years or older. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JTN.0000000000000392DOI Listing
January 2019
17 Reads

The detection of significant fractures in suspected infant abuse.

J Forensic Leg Med 2018 Nov 5;60:9-14. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Manchester Molecular Pathology Innovation Centre, 3rd floor Citylabs, Nelson Street, Manchester, M13 9NQ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: Skeletal survey is a commonly used means of detecting fractures in infants, and is used as a screen in suspected cases of physical abuse. It is recognised that in live infants, a repeat survey some days after a suspected episode of injury will detect more fractures than one taken shortly after the suspected injury, indicating that the latter lacks sensitivity. In infants who die soon after a suspected episode of physical abuse, the managing clinicians do not have the option of a second survey; however there is the opportunity for the microscopic examination of bones removed at autopsy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2018.09.002DOI Listing
November 2018
6 Reads

Oculocardiac Reflex as a Late Presentation of Orbital Floor Fracture.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):e720-e722

Division of Plastic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine.

Delayed repair of orbital trapdoor fractures can jeopardize the viability of entrapped contents and prolong recovery. Variation in presentations, both clinically and radiographically, complicate prompt diagnosis. The oculocardiac reflex may be the only indication of fracture with entrapped orbital contents, but, unfortunately, the reflex has variable onset patterns and can mimic common diagnoses. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004966DOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Usefulness of 3-D computed tomography for diagnosis of abusive head trauma.

Pediatr Int 2018 Sep 5;60(9):889-891. Epub 2018 Sep 5.

Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13633DOI Listing
September 2018
13 Reads

Frontal Bone Fracture Patterns Suggesting Involvement of Optic Canal Damage.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1799-1803

Department of Dentistry and Oral Surgery.

Purpose: Fracture of the frontal bone can be accompanied by damage to the optic canal. The present study uses finite element analysis to identify fracture patterns, suggesting the involvement of the optic canal.

Methods: Ten finite-element skull models were generated from computer tomography data of 10 persons. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004926DOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

The Supratarsal Approach for Correction of Anterior Frontal Bone Fractures.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1906-1909

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Karolinska University Hospital.

Background: To approach isolated anterior frontal bone fracture, coronal incision is the common surgical access of choice. This approach has complications such as aesthetically undesirable scarring and alopecia along the incision line. An alternative approach to these fractures is through a supratarsal incision. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004984DOI Listing
October 2018
8 Reads

Traumatic Coronary Artery Dissection with Secondary Acute Myocardial Infarction after Blunt Thoracic Trauma.

J Belg Soc Radiol 2018 Jan 4;102(1). Epub 2018 Jan 4.

UZ Brussel, BE.

We report the case of a 41-year-old male with traumatic coronary artery dissection after a high-speed motor vehicle collision. Computed tomography imaging revealed multiple intracranial subdural and subarachnoid bleedings, a skull base fracture and multiple bilateral rib fractures. There was no pericardial hemorrhage, haemothorax or pneumothorax. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/jbr-btr.1379DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6095083PMC
January 2018
17 Reads

Another brick in the wall.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2018 09;66(9):1325-1326

Department of Orbit, Oculoplasty, Reconstructive and Aesthetics, Sankara Nethralaya, Medical Research Foundation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.ijo.in/text.asp?2018/66/9/1325/239341
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijo.IJO_241_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6113795PMC
September 2018
10 Reads

Prevalence, Patterns, and Clinical Relevance of Hypoxic-Ischemic Injuries in Children Exposed to Abusive Head Trauma.

J Neuroimaging 2018 Nov 19;28(6):608-614. Epub 2018 Aug 19.

Division of Neuroradiology, The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Background And Purpose: Hypoxic-ischemic injuries (HIIs) are a scarcely investigated but important cause of morbidity and mortality in children who suffered abusive head trauma (AHT). The purpose of this study is to determine: (a) prevalence, types, and clinical relevance of cytotoxic edema compatible with HII in nonpenetrating AHT, (b) their relationship to other classic neuroimaging findings of AHT, and (c) their correlation with clinical outcomes.

Methods: Diffusion-weighted imaging sequences of magnetic resonance imagings performed on children under 5 years diagnosed with AHT were reviewed to detect the most common patterns of acute parenchymal damage. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12555DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The identification of a subgroup of children with traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage at low risk of neuroworsening.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Nov;22(5):559-566

1Department of Neurosurgery, University of California San Diego School of Medicine; and.

OBJECTIVEPediatric traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH) often results in intensive care unit (ICU) admission, the performance of additional diagnostic studies, and ICU-level therapeutic interventions to identify and prevent episodes of neuroworsening.METHODSData prospectively collected in an institutionally specific trauma registry between 2006 and 2015 were supplemented with a retrospective chart review of children admitted with isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH) and an admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 13-15. Risk of blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) was calculated using the BCVI clinical prediction score. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.5.PEDS18140DOI Listing
November 2018
10 Reads

Evaluation of a computed-tomography-based assessment scheme in treatment decision-making for isolated orbital floor fractures.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 11;46(9):1550-1554. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction: Treatment decisions for fractures of the orbital floor are based on clinical appearance, ophthalmological examination, and computed tomography (CT) scans. In extensive fractures, decisions are easily made between conservative and surgical treatment. However, objective parameters are rare in inconclusive cases. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.06.016DOI Listing
September 2018
6 Reads

Monocular Diplopia and Nondisplaced Inferior Rectus Muscle on Computed Tomography in a Pediatric Pure Orbital-Floor Fracture.

J Craniofac Surg 2018 Oct;29(7):1832-1833

Department of Adnexal, Reconstructive and Orbital Surgery, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Colney Lane, Norwich, UK.

Trapdoor fractures are common in children because of elastic nature of the pediatric bone. Clinical signs and radiological evidence in these cases may be minimal.This study involves a 14-year-old girl who sustained blunt trauma to her left eye. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00001665-900000000-9543
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0000000000004783DOI Listing
October 2018
6 Reads

Assessing the precision of posttraumatic orbital reconstruction through "mirror" orbital superimposition: A novel approach for testing the anatomical accuracy.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Aug 20;46(8):1258-1262. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

LAFAS, Laboratorio di Anatomia Funzionale dell'Apparato Stomatognatico, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche per la Salute, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano, Italy. Electronic address:

Orbital reconstruction in cases of trauma is usually performed using the unaffected side orbital volume as a reference, but this measurement does not fully consider the anatomical characteristics of orbital surfaces. We propose a novel procedure based on the registration of 3D orbital segmented surfaces. Reconstructed orbits from 20 patients and healthy orbits from 13 control subjects were segmented from the post-operative CT-scans. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.05.040DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Correlation between increased orbital volume and enophthalmos and diplopia in patients with fractures of the orbital floor or the medial orbital wall.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 13;46(9):1544-1549. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Zürich, (Head of Department: Prof. Dr. med. Dr. med. dent. Martin Rücker), Frauenklinikstrasse 24, 8091, Zürich, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Fractures of the orbital floor and medial orbital wall (blowout fractures) are common midface injuries. Diagnostic methods and treatment options have improved over recent years, due to threedimensional image processing and the use of patient-specific implants. Nonetheless, the indications for orbital reconstructive surgery are still controversial. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.06.008DOI Listing
September 2018
11 Reads

Custom-made facemask as a coadjuvant in the postoperative treatment of sport-related facial trauma: Case report.

Dent Traumatol 2018 Oct 20;34(5):378-381. Epub 2018 Aug 20.

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry of Niterói Faculty of Dentisry, Federal Fluminense University (PPGO-FOUFF), Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Maxillofacial injuries are a regular consequence of sport activities that can force athletes to take a long time off from training and competitions. One way to decrease the time that the athlete needs to get back to his or her training exercises after surgery is to use a custom facemask as a coadjuvant in the postoperative recovery phase. This case report describes the case of a 16-year-old male athlete who suffered facial trauma (orbitozygomatic fractures) during a soccer game. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/edt.12426DOI Listing
October 2018

Outcome of management of elevated skull fractures in Enugu, South-East Nigeria.

Niger J Clin Pract 2018 Jul;21(7):859-864

Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria.

Introduction: Elevated skull fractures, previously thought of as a very rare variety of fractures, are no longer very uncommon. They are expectedly gradually finding a slowly growing list of references in neurosurgical literature. They are mostly posttraumatic compound fractures due to the mechanism of injury. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_347_17DOI Listing
July 2018
9 Reads

Enhanced radiographic visualization of resorbable foils for orbital floor reconstruction: A proof of principle.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Sep 31;46(9):1533-1538. Epub 2018 May 31.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Germany.

Purpose: Despite the advantages and broad applications of alloplastic resorbable implants, postoperative radiological control is challenging due to its radiolucency. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the radiographic visibility of newly developed materials for orbital floor reconstruction.

Materials And Methods: The radiographic visibility of four different material combinations consisting of poly-(L-lactic acid)/poly-glycolic acid (PLLA/PGA) or poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA) enriched with magnesium (Mg), hydroxyapatite (HA) or β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) with various layers of thicknesses (0. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10105182183033
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.05.045DOI Listing
September 2018
15 Reads

[Facial symmetry after conservative treatment of unilateral condylar fracture in children: a three-dimensional study].

Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 May;53(5):318-323

Department of Oral and Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine & Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology & Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology & National Clinical Research Center of Stomatology, Shanghai 200011, China.

To investigate the influence of condylar fractures on the growth of condylars after conservative treatments by three-dimensional measurement. Twenty three children with unilateral condylar fracture followed-up for at least 1 year in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital were included from June 2016 to March 2017. CT scans were performed for each patient. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1002-0098.2018.05.006DOI Listing

Arrested root growth and concomitant failure of eruption of a developing tooth following open reduction and internal fixation of a pediatric mandibular fracture.

J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2018 Apr-Jun;36(2):220-222

Oral Health Sciences Centre, Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Mandible is one of the commonly fractured bone in children during maxillofacial trauma. These factures are usually managed conservatively but sometimes require open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). Management of mandibular fracture in children is influenced by the presence of developing permanent tooth buds, minimal anchorage from primary teeth and facial growth and development. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/JISPPD.JISPPD_228_17DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Case 3: Skull Depression in a 9-month-old Girl.

Pediatr Rev 2018 Jul;39(7):366-369

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nevada Las Vegas School of Medicine, Las Vegas, NV.

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2016-0194DOI Listing
July 2018
2 Reads

Secondary overtriage of pediatric neurosurgical trauma at a Level I pediatric trauma center.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018 Oct 29;22(4):375-383. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Shriners Hospitals for Children-Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The authors looked at all of the pediatric patients with a head injury who were transferred from other hospitals to their own over 12 years and tried to identify factors that would allow patients to stay closer to home at their local hospitals and not be transferred. Many patients with isolated, nondisplaced skull fractures or negative CT imaging likely could have avoided transfer. While hospitals should be cautious, this may help families stay closer to home. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://thejns.org/doi/10.3171/2018.5.PEDS182
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.5.PEDS182DOI Listing
October 2018
1 Read

Orbital blowout fracture from nose blowing.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 28;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 28.

Department of Radiology, North Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK.

Orbital blowout fractures are nearly always caused by acute trauma. Non-traumatic cases of orbital blowout fractures have only been rarely described. In this case study, we discuss an orbital blowout fracture directly caused by nose blowing. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224633DOI Listing
June 2018
3 Reads

Endovascular Intervention in Basilar Artery Entrapment within the Longitudinal Clivus Fracture: A Case Report.

Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2018 Aug 20;58(8):356-361. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tosei General Hospital.

Although vascular complications after head trauma is well recognized, basilar artery entrapment within the longitudinal clivus fracture is rare. A 69-year-old man presented with progressive disturbance of consciousness and right hemiplegia after trauma. Computed tomography scan showed a right-sided acute subdural hematoma and multiple skull fractures, including a longitudinal clivus fracture. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmc.cr.2017-0197DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092606PMC
August 2018
1 Read

Isolated subdural hematomas in mild traumatic brain injury. Part 1: the association between radiographic characteristics and neurosurgical intervention.

J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1Trauma Research Department and.

OBJECTIVEIsolated subdural hematomas (iSDHs) are one of the most common intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) types in the population with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; Glasgow Coma Scale score 13-15), account for 66%-75% of all neurosurgical procedures, and have one of the highest neurosurgical intervention rates. The objective of this study was to examine how quantitative hemorrhage characteristics of iSDHs in patients with mTBI at admission are associated with subsequent neurosurgical intervention.METHODSThis was a 3. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.1.JNS171884DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Isolated subdural hematomas in mild traumatic brain injury. Part 2: a preliminary clinical decision support tool for neurosurgical intervention.

J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 1:1-8. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1Trauma Research Department and.

OBJECTIVEA paucity of studies have examined neurosurgical interventions in the mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) population with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Furthermore, it is not understood how the dimensions of an ICH relate to the risk of a neurosurgical intervention. These limitations contribute to a lack of treatment guidelines. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.1.JNS171906DOI Listing
June 2018
5 Reads

Implantation of Customized, Preshaped Implant for Orbital Fractures with the Aid of Three-dimensional Printing.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2018 Jan-Mar;25(1):56-58

Department of Eye Research Center, Center of Excellence in Medical Education Technology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Orbital floor fractures alone or in conjunction with other facial skeletal fractures are the most commonly encountered midfacial fractures. The technological advances in 3-dimensional (3D) printing allow the physical prototyping of 3D models, so creates an accurate representation of the patient's specific anatomy. A 56-year-old Caucasian man with severe hypoglobus and enophthalmos with an extensive blowout fracture was scheduled for reconstruction. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_262_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5974821PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Intraoperative 3-dimensional cone beam computed tomographic imaging during reconstruction of the zygoma and orbit.

Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2018 08 7;126(2):192-197. Epub 2018 May 7.

Clinic for Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital of Zürich, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Zürich, Switzerland.

Objective: Fractures of the zygoma and orbit are common facial skeleton injuries. Inadequate reduction and internal fixation may result in functional and aesthetic impairment. The aim of this study was to assess the use of intraoperative 3-dimensional (3-D) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) for determining the intraoperative revision rate and the need for additional reconstruction of the orbit. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oooo.2018.04.008DOI Listing
August 2018
1 Read

Radiomorphometric analysis of isolated zygomatic arch fractures: A comparison of classifications and reduction outcomes.

J Craniomaxillofac Surg 2018 Aug 16;46(8):1252-1257. Epub 2018 May 16.

Department of Oral and Craniomaxillofacial and Plastic Surgery, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Purpose: Although different proposals have been made to categorize isolated zygomatic arch fractures (ZAF), an investigation about fracture type and clinical outcome has not been published. In this study, we analyzed the geometric fracture morphology in isolated ZAF and provide a survey of reduction outcomes in accordance with 4 independent classifications.

Materials And Methods: Geometric measurements were performed in radiologic images of 94 patients with isolated ZAF, which were consecutively treated by closed reduction over transbuccal approach. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10105182183026
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2018.05.027DOI Listing
August 2018
28 Reads

Influence of Tooth Orientation on the Detection of Vertical Root Fracture in Cone-beam Computed Tomography.

J Endod 2018 Jul 1;44(7):1168-1172. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Division of Oral Radiology, Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba Dental School, State University of Campinas, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of tooth orientation in relation to the projection plane of the x-rays on the detection of vertical root fracture (VRF) with different filling materials using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging.

Methods: Thirty single-rooted human teeth were endodontically instrumented, and VRF was induced in half of the sample. The roots were individually placed in the dental socket of a phantom head composed of a dry human skull and mandible, and CBCT images were obtained of each root with the longitudinal axis in 2 orientations: perpendicular and parallel to the projection plane of the x-rays. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00992399183024
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2018.04.006DOI Listing
July 2018
7 Reads

Occult large epidural hemorrhage in a newborn infant after in-hospital fall.

Authors:
Ray Sato

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2018 ;11(2):195-197

Tacoma General Hospital, Tacoma, Washington and The MEDNAX Center for Research, Education and Quality, Sunrise, FL, USA.

Management of newborn infants fell in-hospital is especially challenging given the limited signs and symptoms of intracranial hemorrhage in this age group. We present a case of a four day old well appearing newborn infant found to have a severe epidural hemorrhage requiring emergent surgical drainage. Development of imaging protocols for newborn infants suffering in-hospital falls need to consider the potential consequences of missing actionable intracranial hemorrhage when relying on clinical observation as a management strategy. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/NPM-181752DOI Listing
December 2018

Location and distribution of craniomaxillofacial fractures in 45 cats presented for the treatment of head trauma.

J Feline Med Surg 2018 May 1:1098612X18776149. Epub 2018 May 1.

2 The Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition, Melton Mowbray, UK.

Objectives The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the location and distribution of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) fractures in 45 cats presented to a veterinary referral centre between 2012 and 2017. Methods Cats with a history of head trauma, one or more CMF fractures and a pretreatment CT scan of the CMF region were included in this study. For the purpose of the study, the CMF skeleton was divided into 15 functional anatomical regions and the fracture sites were allocated to one of these functional regions. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1098612X18776149DOI Listing
May 2018
3 Reads

Resource utilization and indications for helicopter transport of head-injured children.

J Pediatr Surg 2018 Sep 1;53(9):1795-1799. Epub 2018 May 1.

Division of Neurosurgery, Arkansas Children's Hospital and Department of Neurosurgery, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR. Electronic address:

Introduction: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have provided benefit for severely injured patients. However, HEMS are likely overused for the transportation of both adult and pediatric trauma patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the degree of overuse of helicopter as a mode of transport for head-injured children. Read More

View Article

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2018.04.032DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads