79 results match your criteria Imaging in Silicosis and Coal Worker Pneumoconiosis

Antracosilicosis: A Rare Cause of Endobronchial "Tumor".

J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol 2019 Jan;26(1):e5-e7

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

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January 2019

[Black smoke lung disease – a new disease in Sweden].

Lakartidningen 2017 12 18;114. Epub 2017 Dec 18.

Department of Medicine, Gävle Hospital - Gävle, Sweden Department of Medicine, Gävle Hospital - Gävle, Sweden.

Black smoke lung disease - a new disease in Sweden We describe two elderly female patients, immigrants to Sweden from Afghanistan, with intensive longtime exposure to smoke from biomass, and who presented with bronchial stenosis and severe bronchial obstruction. CT and X-ray showed bizarre perihilar infiltrates in the lungs. Bronchoscopy revealed black narrow bronchi with a middle lobe stenosis in one of the patients. Read More

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December 2017

68Ga-PSMA-Ligand PET/CT Uptake in Anthracosilicosis.

Clin Nucl Med 2017 Oct;42(10):e431-e432

From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine, Gold Coast University Hospital, Southport, Queensland Australia; †South Coast Radiology.

This interesting image illustrates a case of biopsy-proven pulmonary anthracosilicosis, a mixed dust pneumoconiosis, associated with Ga-PSMA-ligand uptake. Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an emerging imaging biomarker, with clinical application in evaluation of prostate cancer using Ga-PSMA-ligand PET/CT. Contrary to its name, PSMA is expressed in a number of other normal tissues and pathological states. Read More

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October 2017

[Guideline (S2k, AWMF) of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pneumologie und Beatmungsmedizin and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Arbeitsmedizin und Umweltmedizin "Diagnostics and Expert Opinion in the Occupational Disease No. 4101 Silicosis (Including Coal Worker's Pneumoconiosis)"].

Pneumologie 2016 Dec 8;70(12):782-812. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

Institut für Arbeitsmedizin und Sozialmedizin, Uniklinik, RWTH Aachen.

During the last 1.5 years an update of the guideline on silicosis was made by an interdisciplinary working group. New medical and scientific knowledge and the experience in expert opinion practice were taken into account. Read More

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December 2016

Conglomerate masses.

J Bras Pneumol 2016 Jul-Aug;42(4):239

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (RJ) Brasil.

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Rapid Growth of Lung Nodules due to Combined Pulmonary Vasculitis, Silicoanthracosis, and Chondrocalcinosis.

Can Respir J 2016 10;2016:9254374. Epub 2016 Jul 10.

Division of Pulmonology, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistr. 100, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland.

Background. Silicoanthracosis is a pneumoconiosis due to occupational inhalation of silica and carbon dusts. Clinically, it can be associated with vasculitis or rheumatoid arthritis. Read More

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ACR Appropriateness Criteria Review ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Occupational Lung Diseases.

J Thorac Imaging 2016 Jan;31(1):W1-3

*Department of Radiology, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY †National Jewish Health, Denver, CO ‡Department of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, Society of Thoracic Surgeons §Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN ∥Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, Society of Thoracic Surgeons ¶Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN #Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ **Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL ††New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, The American College of Chest Physicians ‡‡Department of Radiology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA §§Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL ∥∥Department of Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC.

Occupational lung disease is a category of disease entities characterized by a reaction of the lung parenchyma to inhaled aerosolized particles found in the environment. This document summarizes the imaging appropriateness data for silicosis, coal worker pneumoconiosis, and asbestosis. The main points of the document are that computed tomography is more sensitive than radiography, computed tomography without contrast generally suffices for evaluation, and fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography may have utility in patients with mesothelioma. Read More

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January 2016

Lung Pathology in U.S. Coal Workers with Rapidly Progressive Pneumoconiosis Implicates Silica and Silicates.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016 Mar;193(6):673-80

9 University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Rationale: Recent reports of progressive massive fibrosis and rapidly progressive pneumoconiosis in U.S. coal miners have raised concerns about excessive exposures to coal mine dust, despite reports of declining dust levels. Read More

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Debilitating lung disease among surface coal miners with no underground mining tenure.

J Occup Environ Med 2015 Jan;57(1):62-7

From the Surveillance Branch (Dr Halldin, Dr Petsonk, Ms Wolfe, Dr Storey, and Dr Laney), Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morgantown, WVa; Office of Mine Safety and Health Research (Dr Reed, Mr Joy, Mr Colinet, and Mr Rider), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pittsburgh, Penn; and Department of Pathology (Dr Abraham), State University of New York Upstate Medical University, Syracuse.

Objective: To characterize exposure histories and respiratory disease among surface coal miners identified with progressive massive fibrosis from a 2010 to 2011 pneumoconiosis survey.

Methods: Job history, tenure, and radiograph interpretations were verified. Previous radiographs were reviewed when available. Read More

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January 2015

The correlation of SUVmax with pathological characteristics of primary tumor and the value of Tumor/ Lymph node SUVmax ratio for predicting metastasis to lymph nodes in resected NSCLC patients.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2013 Apr 4;8:63. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

Chest Diseases Clinic, Ataturk Chest Diseases and Chest Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: We aimed to investigate the correlation of maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) with pathological characteristics of primary tumor and to determine a Tumor/ Lymph node (T/LN) SUVmax ratio predicting metastasis to lymph nodes in NSCLC patients.

Methods: Eighty-one NSCLC patients who had PET/CT examination at initial staging and subsequently underwent surgical resection were retrospectively evaluated. There were 100 PET/CT positive mediastinal or hilar lymph node stations. Read More

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Pneumoconiosis and advanced occupational lung disease among surface coal miners--16 states, 2010-2011.


MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2012 Jun;61(23):431-4

Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP) is a chronic occupational lung disease caused by long-term inhalation of dust, which triggers inflammation of the alveoli, eventually resulting in irreversible lung damage. CWP ranges in severity from simple to advanced; the most severe form is progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). Advanced CWP is debilitating and often fatal. Read More

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Beyond a shadow of a doubt? Experts, lay knowledge, and the role of radiography in the diagnosis of silicosis in Britain, c. 1919-1945.

Joseph Melling

Bull Hist Med 2010 ;84(3):424-66

Centre for Medical History, University of Exeter.

The history of silicosis provides an important chapter in the history of occupational and environmental health. Recent historical scholarship has drawn attention to the importance of patient attitudes, popular protests, and compensation claims in the formation of a "lay epidemiology" of such a disease, frequently challenging the scientific orthodoxies devised by large corporations and medical specialists. Surprisingly little research has been undertaken on the United Kingdom, which provided much of the early expertise and medical research in respiratory diseases among industrial workers. Read More

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December 2010

[Quantitative characteristics of pathomorphologic changes in bronchi and pulmonary artery branches in miners with preroentgenologic stage of anthrasilicosis].

Med Tr Prom Ekol 2010 (5):31-6

Morphometric studies covered lung tissue of 10 miners exposed to dusty work conditions over 1 to 30 (13.4 +/- 3.6) years, who were considered apparently healthy according to follow-up examinations and died in technogenic accident. Read More

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December 2010

Inhalational lung disease.

Int J Occup Environ Med 2010 Jan;1(1):11-20

NIOC Health Organization Polyclinics, Shiraz, Iran.

Inhalational lung diseases are among the most important occupational diseases. Pneumoconiosis refers to a group of lung diseases result from inhalation of usually inorganic dusts such as silicon dioxide, asbestos, coal, etc., and their deposition in the lungs. Read More

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January 2010

Pneumoconiosis among underground bituminous coal miners in the United States: is silicosis becoming more frequent?

Occup Environ Med 2010 Oct 22;67(10):652-6. Epub 2009 Sep 22.

Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1095 Willowdale Road, Mail Stop HG900.2, Morgantown, W V 26505-2888, USA.

Objectives: Epidemiological reports since 2000 have documented increased prevalence and rapid progression of pneumoconiosis among underground coal miners in the United States. To investigate a possible role of silica exposure in the increase, we examined chest x-rays (CXRs) for specific abnormalities (r-type small opacities) known to be associated with silicosis lung pathology.

Methods: Underground coal miners are offered CXRs every 5 years. Read More

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October 2010

[Anthracosilicosis: a rare clinical and radiological presentation simulating lung metastases].

Radiologia 2009 Nov-Dec;51(6):601-4. Epub 2009 Sep 3.

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, España.

We present the case of an asymptomatic patient with an initial clinical and radiological diagnosis of lung metastases in whom histological study diagnosed anthracosilicosis. A review of the literature shows that this presentation of anthracosilicosis is exceptional; our patient had atypical radiological findings and a very long latency period (over 50 years) after a brief (nearly 6 years) exposure to coal dust. Read More

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Bilateral hilar foci on 18F-FDG PET scan in patients without lung cancer: variables associated with benign and malignant etiology.

J Nucl Med 2008 Sep;49(9):1429-36

Nuclear Medicine Section, Radiology Department, Albany Medical College, Albany, New York 12208, USA.

Unlabelled: Bilateral hilar (18)F-FDG-avid foci are often noted on PET studies of patients without lung cancer. This finding may lead to diagnostic uncertainty about the presence of metastatic disease. Our objective was to evaluate features of these foci associated with benign or malignant etiology. Read More

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September 2008

CT differentiation of anthracofibrosis from endobronchial tuberculosis.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2008 Jul;191(1):247-51

Department of Radiology, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-dong Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-040, South Korea.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to use CT to differentiate anthracofibrosis from endobronchial tuberculosis (TB), both of which are major causes of benign bronchostenosis.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and CT findings of 49 patients with anthracofibrosis and 35 patients with endobronchial TB diagnosed on the basis of bronchoscopic, microbiologic, and pathologic findings. Forty-five patients with anthracofibrosis and 32 patients with endobronchial TB had bronchostenosis on CT and were enrolled in the analysis. Read More

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[Clinical and legal aspects for recognizing pneumoconiosis and its outcome, with regard to new imaging techniques].

Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol 2005 Oct-Dec;55(4):292-5

Katedra i Zakład Medycyny Sadowej AM we Wrocławiu.

In this paper different clinical and legal aspects for recognizing anthracosis of the lungs have been presented. Moreover, various methods for indicating or excluding any correlation between this illness and other morbid changes, including those leading to complications, which in turn might cause one's death, have been discussed. Additionally, the usefulness of lung examination by means of high resolution computer tomography (HRCT) in recognizing anthracosis of the lungs has been assessed. Read More

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Pneumoconiosis: comparison of imaging and pathologic findings.

Radiographics 2006 Jan-Feb;26(1):59-77

Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-dong, Kangnam-ku, Seoul 135-710, Korea.

Pneumoconiosis may be classified as either fibrotic or nonfibrotic, according to the presence or absence of fibrosis. Silicosis, coal worker pneumoconiosis, asbestosis, berylliosis, and talcosis are examples of fibrotic pneumoconiosis. Siderosis, stannosis, and baritosis are nonfibrotic forms of pneumoconiosis that result from inhalation of iron oxide, tin oxide, and barium sulfate particles, respectively. Read More

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A case report of anthracosilicotic spindle-cell pseudotumor of mediastinal lymph node: cytologic diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration.

Diagn Cytopathol 2005 Oct;33(4):268-72

Department of Pathology, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Pigmented spindle-cell tumors of the lymph nodes have a broad differential diagnosis, including both benign and malignant neoplasms. Here, we report a case of a pigmented spindle-cell lesion in a mediastinal lymph node mimicking a spindle-cell melanoma on fine-needle aspiration cytology. Smears showed atypical polygonal and spindle cells with bland nuclear features and abundant cytoplasmic anthracotic pigment. Read More

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October 2005

[Correlation of different types of emphysema in high-resolution computed tomography (HR-CT) with the ILO-classification of coal workers pneumoconiosis].

Rofo 2002 Jul;174(7):846-53

Institut für Klinische Radiologie, LMU München-Grosshadern, Germany.

Purpose: The complaints of patients suffering from pneumoconiosis and the decrease in cardio-respiratory function tests are related to the major complications, emphysema or bronchitis, resp. to a lesser degree the complaints are directly influenced by the silicotic process itself. Up to now, no large study has analysed the correlation of different types and severity of emphysema with the ILO-classification of pneumoconiosis in miners. Read More

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Hepatosplenic antracosilicosis: a rare cause of splenic calcifications.

Eur Radiol 2001 ;11(7):1184-6

Department of Radiology, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium.

A case of a 62-year-old man with known longstanding pulmonary antracosilicosis, with associated hepatosplenic antracosilicosis, is presented. A CT scan of the upper abdomen revealed multiple calcifications within the spleen, and to a lesser degree within the subcapsular region of the liver, as well as "egg-shell" calcifications of abdominal lymph nodes, most noticeable at the splenic hilum. Although histopathologically not proven, the similar appearance of the calcified hepatosplenic nodules to the small round calcifications scattered throughout the lungs, as well as the typical "egg-shell" morphology of the calcified abdominal lymph nodes, should raise the suspicion of hepatosplenic antracosilicosis. Read More

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December 2001

["Phtisis atra"--a now seldom disease picture as a special disease course of silicosis].

Rontgenpraxis 2001 ;53(6):256-9

Klinik für Radiologische Diagnostik und Nuklearmedizin Katholisches Marienhospital Herne, Universitätsklinikum, Ruhr Universität Bochum, Herne.

Progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) of the lung is caused by coalescence of fibrotic nodules. The center of the PMF often displays necrotic areas. If the necrosis gets in contact to the bronchial system cavitation may occur. Read More

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[Egg shell hili in silicosis].

Med Klin (Munich) 2000 Dec;95(12):712-3

Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeitsmedizin, Universität des Saarlandes, Homburg.

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December 2000

The past and present of pneumoconioses.

P De Vuyst P Camus

Curr Opin Pulm Med 2000 Mar;6(2):151-6

Service de Pneumologie, Hôpital Erasme, Bruxelles, Belgique.

Pneumoconioses are still a common cause of chronic lung disease. In industrialized countries, improvements in working conditions and dust control measures have led to a decrease in the incidence of severe forms of silicosis, coal worker pneumoconiosis, and parenchymal asbestosis. However, the diversity of settings in which silica and asbestos are used fuels a continued input of cases, and the burden of cases related to remote exposures is still considerable. Read More

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Anthracotic and anthracosilicotic spindle cell pseudotumors of mediastinal lymph nodes: report of five cases of a reactive lesion that stimulates malignancy.

Hum Pathol 1998 Aug;29(8):851-5

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA.

We report five cases of reactive mediastinal spindle cell proliferations associated with anthracosis and anthracosilicosis that simulated a malignant process both on clinical and morphological grounds. Clinically, the lesions formed radiographically evident masses or were infiltrative. Microscopically, a prominent storiform pattern of intertwining spindle cells was found in four cases. Read More

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[Interpretation of early radiological changes in the diagnosis of pneumoconiosis among coal miners].

Med Pr 1992 ;43(1):7-16

Kliniki Chorób Zawodowych Instytutu Medycyny Pracy, Sosnowcu.

Apart from certain changes which are typical for pneumoconiosis, the radiological picture of the lungs of sigma coal miners does frequently show some irregular small opacities of s, t and u types. The role and specificity of these changes in the early diagnosis of pneumoconiosis has not been too well defined by now. A 10-year study (conducted at 2 or 3 year intervals) was carried out among 150 miners from 2 mines characterized by different dust loading. Read More

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