World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg 2021 Jan;12(1):103-115
Cardiothoracic Sciences Centre, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.
We present a synthesis of 95 published investigations of the exceedingly rare tunnels that can exist between the aortic root and the left or right ventricles. From the 220 suitable cases included in these investigations, we reviewed the clinical presentations, modalities used for diagnosis, surgical approaches, and outcomes. Diagnostic information was provided by clinical presentation, radiographic findings, saline contrast echocardiography, computed tomographic angiocardiography, magnetic resonance imaging, cardiac catheterization, and angiocardiography. Read More