1,388 results match your criteria Imaging in Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus


Perception of Verticality and Vestibular Disorders of Balance and Falls.

Front Neurol 2019 3;10:172. Epub 2019 Apr 3.

German Center for Vertigo and Balance Disorders, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich, Germany.

To review current knowledge of the perception of verticality, its normal function and disorders. This is based on an integrative graviceptive input from the vertical semicircular canals and the otolith organs. The special focus is on human psychophysics, neurophysiological and imaging data on the adjustments of subjective visual vertical (SVV) and the subjective postural vertical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6457206PMC

Susceptibility Weighted Imaging (SWI) Recommended as a Regular Magnetic Resonance Diagnosis for Vascular Dementia to Identify Independent Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Before Ventriculo-Peritoneal (V-P) Shunt Treatment: A Case Study.

Front Neurol 2019 29;10:262. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Translational Medicine Research Center, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) with comorbid vascular dementia (VD) often have poor response to ventriculo-peritoneal (V-P) shunt. Here, three patients over the age of 60 came to the hospital with the similar clinical symptoms, Evan index over 0.3, mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score <27, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure under 200 mmHO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2019.00262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449466PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Cerebral blood flow and Alzheimer's disease-related biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Psychogeriatrics 2019 Mar 27. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.

Aim: Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is highly prevalent in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), and the presence of AD pathology may involve regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). In this study, we examined the relationship between rCBF and AD-related biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid of iNPH patients.

Methods: Patients with iNPH (n = 39) were classified into groups with (iNPH/AD+) (n=15) and without (iNPH/AD-) (n=24) high biomarker probability of AD (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/psyg.12435DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Are gait changes linked to CSF flow changes in the sagittal sinus?

Neuroradiology 2019 Mar 26. Epub 2019 Mar 26.

Faculty of Health and Medicine, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia.

Purpose: To identify if specific findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow studies can be utilised to identify which patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) will have improved gait following a CSF tap test (TT).

Methods: Prospective study of patients undergoing a CSF TT for iNPH. Functional gait was assessed using the timed up and go (TUG) test before and after the CSF TT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-019-02192-2DOI Listing

Focused Ultrasound Thalamotomy for Essential Tremor in the Setting of a Ventricular Shunt: Technical Report.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: A recent randomized controlled trial of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided focused ultrasound (FUS) for essential tremor (ET) demonstrated safety and efficacy. Patients with ventricular shunts may be good candidates for FUS to minimize hardware-associated infections.

Objective: To demonstrate feasibility of FUS in this subset of patients. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ons/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ons
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ons/opz013DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Comparison of Complication and Revision Rates After Frontal Versus Parietal Approach for Ventricular Shunt Placement in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Department of Bioengineering, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA; Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Ventricular shunts are most commonly placed via a frontal or parietal approach. However, there is a paucity of data comparing complication and revision rates associated with these approaches in the idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) population.

Methods: Patients with iNPH treated with ventricular shunting between 2001 and 2017 at our institution were included for analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.03.027DOI Listing

Snap-valve cerebral shunt design for intracranial pressure operation and ultrasound visualization.

Med Eng Phys 2019 Apr 1;66:1-11. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, United States. Electronic address:

Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) shunts are the main treatment for hydrocephalus. They divert excess CSF from the ventricular system to the abdominal, pleural, or intravascular space where it is absorbed. The shunt valve regulates flow based on intracranial pressure (ICP) to maintain a physiologically stable and safe ICP. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.medengphy.2018.12.024DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Aqueductal CSF Stroke Volume Is Increased in Patients with Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus and Decreases after Shunt Surgery.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 Mar 21;40(3):453-459. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Neuroscience and Neurology (J.V.), Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Background And Purpose: Increased CSF stroke volume through the cerebral aqueduct has been proposed as a possible indicator of positive surgical outcome in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus; however, consensus is lacking. In this prospective study, we aimed to compare CSF flow parameters in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus with those in healthy controls and change after shunt surgery and to investigate whether any parameter could predict surgical outcome.

Materials And Methods: Twenty-one patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were prospectively included and examined clinically and with MR imaging of the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5972DOI Listing

Structure and function of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) in atherosclerosis.

Curr Drug Targets 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Radiology, Baoji Center Hospital No. 8 Jiang Tan Road, Baoji 721008, Shaanxi. China.

Background: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a critical brain disorder in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is accumulated in the brain's ventricles causing damage or disruption of the brain tissues. Amongst various signs and symptoms, difficulty in walking, blurred speech, impaired decision making and critical thinking, and loss of bladder and bowl control are considered the hallmark features of NPH.

Objective: The current review was aimed to present a comprehensive overview and critical appraisal of majorly employed neuroimaging techniques for rational diagnosis and effective monitoring of effectiveness of employed therapeutic intervention for NPH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389450120666190214141626DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read
3.021 Impact Factor

Recent advances in rational diagnosis and treatment of normal pressure hydrocephalus: A critical appraisal on novel diagnostic, therapy monitoring and treatment modalities.

Curr Drug Targets 2019 Feb 14. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Radiology, Baoji Center Hospital No. 8 Jiang Tan Road, Baoji 721008, Shaanxi. China.

Background: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a critical brain disorder in which excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is accumulated in the brain's ventricles causing damage or disruption of the brain tissues. Amongst various signs and symptoms, difficulty in walking, blurred speech, impaired decision making and critical thinking, and loss of bladder and bowl control are considered the hallmark features of NPH.

Objective: The current review was aimed to present a comprehensive overview and critical appraisal of majorly employed neuroimaging techniques for rational diagnosis and effective monitoring of effectiveness of employed therapeutic intervention for NPH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389450120666190214121342DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads
3.021 Impact Factor

Hemodynamically self-corrected ΔADC analysis in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Br J Radiol 2019 May 27;92(1097):20180553. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

1 Department of Radiology, Kouseiren Takaoka Hospital , Takaoka, Toyama , Japan.

Objective: To clarify the cause of higher water fluctuation of the brain in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), we assessed change in hemodynamic-independent apparent diffusion coefficient during the cardiac cycle (ΔADC) in iNPH.

Methods: Electrocardiographically synchronized single-shot diffusion echo-planer imaging ( = 0, 500, and 1000 s/mm) was performed in healthy volunteers, atrophic ventricular dilation group, and iNPH group, respectively. The ΔADC ( = 0 and 1000 s/mm) and maximum ADC ( = 0 and 500 s/mm) in the cardiac cycles were measured at the frontal white matter in the brain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1259/bjr.20180553DOI Listing
May 2019
1 Read

Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

Continuum (Minneap Minn) 2019 Feb;25(1):165-186

Purpose Of Review: Since it was first described in 1965, normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) has been a controversial subject. New studies have shed light on its epidemiology and pathogenesis and provided objective ways to measure outcome in patients with NPH. Neuroimaging has improved and allows better recognition of both NPH and the presence of overlapping diseases RECENT FINDINGS: Several recent epidemiologic studies confirm that NPH is a rare disease, but the presence of large ventricles is a common finding with aging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/CON.0000000000000689DOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

DTI Profiles for Rapid Description of Cohorts at the Clinical-Research Interface.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2018 10;5:357. Epub 2019 Jan 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore, Singapore.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a syndrome comprising gait disturbance, cognitive decline and urinary incontinence that is an unique model of reversible brain injury, but it presents as a challenging spectrum of disease cohorts. Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI), with its ability to interrogate structural white matter patterns at a microarchitectural level, is a potentially useful tool for the confirmation and characterization of disease cohorts at the clinical-research interface. However, obstacles to its widespread use involve the need for consistent DTI analysis and interpretation tools across collaborator sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2018.00357DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6335243PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Location-specific characteristics of perivascular spaces as the brain's interstitial fluid drainage system.

J Neurol Sci 2019 Mar 16;398:9-15. Epub 2019 Jan 16.

Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies / Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Purpose: Brain interstitial fluid plays an important role in the excretion of metabolic waste products into the cerebrospinal fluid through perivascular spaces (PVS). To investigate the normal function of PVS in healthy elderly individuals, we assessed the relationship between PVS and white matter hyperintensity (WMH) on MRI in two locations.

Methods: This study included 296 healthy individuals aged ≥60 years without a history of brain disease who underwent brain MRI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2019.01.022DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Reversible intracranial hypertension following treatment of an extracranial vascular malformation: case report.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2019 Jan;23(3):369-373

3Neurointerventional Radiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Pediatric hydrocephalus is a well-studied and still incompletely understood entity. One of the physiological means by which hydrocephalus and intracranial hypertension evolve is through perturbations to normal vascular dynamics. Here the authors report a unique case of an extracranial vascular anomaly resulting in persistently elevated intracranial pressures (ICPs) independent of CSF diversion in a patient with a Joubert syndrome-related disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.10.PEDS18235DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Acute subdural hematomas in shunted normal-pressure hydrocephalus patients - Management options and literature review: A case-based series.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 28;9:238. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Dana Children's Hospital, Tel-Aviv Medical Center, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Background: Ventriculoperitoneal shunting (VPS) is considered a risk factor for developing subdural hematomas (SDH). Treating cases of acute SDH (aSDH) in shunted normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) patients can be challenging, and data in this field are scarce. We report our experience treating shunted NPH patients presenting with aSDH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_338_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6287333PMC
November 2018
4 Reads

Stent-Assisted Coil Embolization for a Ruptured Posterior Communicating Artery Pseudoaneurysm After Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Surgery for Pituitary Adenoma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Mar 22;123:301-305. Epub 2018 Dec 22.

Department of Neurosurgery, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Chikushino-city, Japan.

Background: Intracranial pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of endoscopic endonasal surgery. Herein, we describe 2-staged stent-assisted coil embolization for posterior communicating artery pseudoaneurysm after endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary adenoma.

Case Description: A 68-year-old man had a history of severe adult growth hormone secretion deficiency, requiring growth hormone replacement therapy; secondary adrenocortical hypofunction; hyperthyroidism; hypertension; constipation; glaucoma; and hyperuricemia. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183287
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.12.047DOI Listing
March 2019
10 Reads

Meningeal carcinomatosis presenting with leukoencephalopathy-like imaging findings.

eNeurologicalSci 2019 Mar 19;14:21-23. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurology, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tenodai, Tsukuba-city, Japan.

Meningeal carcinomatosis is a unique and rare form of metastasis observed in patients with malignant tumours. Diagnosis is simple when the primary lesion of the malignant tumour is clear, and when multiple miliary lesions are confirmed via cranial contrast MRI; however, many patients exhibit atypical imaging findings. In the present report, we discuss the case of a 72-year-old man who presented with subacute consciousness impairment and MRI findings suggestive of progressive, bilateral leukoencephalopathy-like lesions around the ventricles. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ensci.2018.11.018DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6275227PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Absence of Disproportionately Enlarged Subarachnoid Space Hydrocephalus, a Sharp Callosal Angle, or Other Morphologic MRI Markers Should Not Be Used to Exclude Patients with Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus from Shunt Surgery.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 Jan 6;40(1):74-79. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

From the Hydrocephalus Research Unit (S.A., M.W., P.H., C.W., M.T.), Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology.

Background And Purpose: Several studies have evaluated the use of MR imaging markers for the prediction of outcome after shunt surgery in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus with conflicting results. Our aim was to investigate the predictive value of a number of earlier proposed morphologic MR imaging markers in a large group of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Materials And Methods: One hundred sixty-eight patients (mean age, 70 ± 9. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5910DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Cord Compression Caused by a Tangled and Warped Lumbar Catheter After Lumboperitoneal Shunt Placement.

Neurospine 2018 Oct 2. Epub 2018 Oct 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tohoku University, Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

The present study reports the case of an 81-year-old woman who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt (LPS) placement for idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus. After LPS placement, the patient presented with radicular pain. A computed tomography scan revealed that the intradural lumbar catheter was tangled at the T11 vertebra; therefore, we decided to remove the catheter under local anesthesia. Read More

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http://e-neurospine.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.14245/ns.183
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14245/ns.1836114.057DOI Listing
October 2018
12 Reads

Abnormal Gray Matter Structural Networks in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

Front Aging Neurosci 2018 15;10:356. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Radiology, Huashan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is known as a treatable form of dementia. Network analysis is emerging as a useful method to study neurological disorder diseases. No study has examined changes of structural brain networks of iNPH patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2018.00356DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6249342PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Automated detection of imaging features of disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus using machine learning methods.

Neuroimage Clin 2019 19;21:101605. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, MN, USA.

Objective: Create an automated classifier for imaging characteristics of disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid space hydrocephalus (DESH), a neuroimaging phenotype of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH).

Methods: 1597 patients from the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging (MCSA) were reviewed for imaging characteristics of DESH. One core feature of DESH, the presence of tightened sulci in the high-convexities (THC), was used as a surrogate for the presence of DESH as the expert clinician-defined criterion on which the classifier was trained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.11.015DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6413466PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

Apathy and right caudate perfusion in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: A case-control study.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2019 Mar 21;34(3):453-462. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan.

Objectives: Apathy is prevalent in patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), a treatable disorder resulting from ventricular enlargement. We assessed the relationship between apathy and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with iNPH.

Methods: Before lumbo-peritoneal shunt surgery (LPS), 56 iNPH patients were evaluated on apathy and dysphoria subscales of the Neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI), and were divided into two groups according to NPI apathy score: 15 without apathy (iNPH-APA) and 41 with apathy (iNPH+APA). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gps.5038DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Differences in the Calculated Transvenous Pressure Drop between Chronic Hydrocephalus and Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2019 Jan 22;40(1):68-73. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Biomedical Engineering (A.R.B.), University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background And Purpose: Chronic hydrocephalus is associated with dilated ventricles despite a normal intracranial pressure. In idiopathic intracranial hypertension, the ventricles are normal despite an elevated intracranial pressure. This apparent paradox has largely remained unexplained. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5883DOI Listing
January 2019

Diffusion Tensor Imaging of the Superior Thalamic Radiation and Cerebrospinal Fluid Distribution in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

J Neuroimaging 2019 Mar 20;29(2):242-251. Epub 2018 Nov 20.

Department of Neurology, McGovern Medical School, University of Texas Health Science Center (UTHSC), Houston, TX.

Background And Purpose: Ventricular enlargement in elderly raises a challenging differential diagnosis to physicians. While Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia, idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) constitutes a potentially reversible syndrome. iNPH has a unique pathophysiology pertaining to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics and periventricular white matter. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jon.12581DOI Listing
March 2019
21 Reads

Structural correlates of cognitive impairment in normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Acta Neurol Scand 2019 Mar 3;139(3):305-312. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Objectives: The pathological bases for the cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) have not been elucidated. However, the symptoms may indicate dysfunction of subcortical regions. Previously, volume reductions of subcortical deep grey matter (SDGM) structures have been observed in NPH patients. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/ane.13052
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ane.13052DOI Listing
March 2019
26 Reads
2.400 Impact Factor

Diffusional Kurtosis along the Corticospinal Tract in Adult Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2018 Dec 1;39(12):2218-2223. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Neurology (J.G.), New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York.

Background And Purpose: Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is a reversible form of dementia characterized by enlarged ventricles, which can deform and cause disruptions to adjacent white matter fibers. The purpose of this work was to examine how diffusion and kurtosis parameters vary along the corticospinal tract and determine where along this path microstructure is compromised in patients diagnosed with normal pressure hydrocephalus. We hypothesized that disruption of the corticospinal tract from ventricular enlargement can be measured using diffusion MR imaging and this will be quantified in periventricular regions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A5845DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6295239PMC
December 2018
2 Reads

The glymphatic pathway in neurological disorders.

Lancet Neurol 2018 Nov;17(11):1016-1024

Centre for Translational Neuromedicine, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Center for Translational Neuromedicine, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA; Department of Neuroscience, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The glymphatic (glial-lymphatic) pathway is a fluid-clearance pathway identified in the rodent brain in 2012. This pathway subserves the flow of CSF into the brain along arterial perivascular spaces and subsequently into the brain interstitium, facilitated by aquaporin 4 (AQP4) water channels. The pathway then directs flow towards the venous perivascular and perineuronal spaces, ultimately clearing solutes from the neuropil into meningeal and cervical lymphatic drainage vessels. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S14744422183031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1474-4422(18)30318-1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6261373PMC
November 2018
49 Reads

Efficacy and safety of programmable compared with fixed anti-siphon devices for treating idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) in adults - SYGRAVA: study protocol for a randomized trial.

Trials 2018 Oct 17;19(1):566. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Centre for Clinical Research, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Warener Str. 7, 12683, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a distinct form of dementia, characterized by gait ataxia, cognitive impairment and urinary incontinence. In contrast to all other causes of dementia (e.g. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2951-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6192316PMC
October 2018

Loss of perivascular aquaporin-4 in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Glia 2019 01 10;67(1):91-100. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital - Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a subtype of dementia that may be successfully treated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion. Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a MRI contrast agent as a CSF tracer revealed impaired clearance of the CSF tracer from various brain regions such as the entorhinal cortex of iNPH patients. Hampered clearance of waste solutes, for example, soluble amyloid-β, may underlie neurodegeneration and dementia in iNPH. Read More

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http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/glia.23528
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/glia.23528DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Regional dissociation between the cerebral blood flow and gray matter density alterations in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalous: results from SINPHONI-2 study.

Neuroradiology 2019 Jan 30;61(1):37-42. Epub 2018 Sep 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tama-Hokubu Medical Center, Health and Medical Treatment Corporation, Higashimurayamashi, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the specific regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) alterations for idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) by comparing the proportional rCBF and gray matter change from those of a normal database at the same point of SPECT and MRI examinations.

Methods: Thirty subjects with iNPH underwent both CBF SPECT and MRI. After normalization, voxel-wise two-sample t tests between patients and 11 normal controls were conducted to compare the regional alteration in the gray matter density and rCBF. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00234-018-2106-1DOI Listing
January 2019

Cerebrospinal fluid volumetric net flow rate and direction in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 14;20:731-741. Epub 2018 Sep 14.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway. Electronic address:

The aim of the present study was to examine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volumetric net flow rate and direction at the cranio-cervical junction (CCJ) and cerebral aqueduct in individuals with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) using cardiac-gated phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI). An in-depth, pixel-by-pixel analysis of regions of interest from the CCJ and cerebral aqueduct, respectively, was done in 26 iNPH individuals, and in 4 healthy subjects for validation purposes. Results from patients were compared with over-night measurements of static and pulsatile intracranial pressure (ICP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.09.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6154456PMC
January 2019
2 Reads

Change in average peak cerebrospinal fluid velocity at the cerebral aqueduct, before and after lumbar CSF tapping by the use of phase contrast MRI, and its effect on gait improvement in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Neurol India 2018 Sep-Oct;66(5):1407-1412

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Malabar Institute of Medical Sciences, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Objectives: To compare the change in peak cerebrospinal (CSF) flow velocity at the cerebral aqueduct in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) before and after CSF tapping with clinical outcome of the patients, i.e., gait improvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0028-3886.241406DOI Listing
September 2018
2 Reads

Ventricular Volume Dynamics During the Development of Adult Chronic Communicating Hydrocephalus in a Rodent Model.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 11;120:e1120-e1127. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Introduction: The pathophysiology of normal-pressure hydrocephalus and the correlation with its symptomatology is not well understood.

Objective: To monitor and evaluate the enlargement patterns of the ventricular system for each ventricle and its correlation with the presenting symptoms.

Methods: Bilateral kaolin injection into the subarachnoid space overlying the cranial convexities was done in 18 adult rats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.241DOI Listing
December 2018
6 Reads
2.420 Impact Factor

Wall-eyed Bilateral Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia (WEBINO) in a Patient With Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

Neurologist 2018 Sep;23(5):157-159

Neurology, AZ Maria Middelares.

Introduction: Wall-eyed bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (WEBINO) is a variant syndrome of internuclear ophthalmoplegia, consisting of primary gaze exotropia, adduction impairment, nystagmus of the abducting eye, and vertical gaze-evoked nystagmus. It seems to be most frequently associated with multiple sclerosis, although other etiologies such as brainstem ischemia or hydrocephalus have also been described.

Case Report: We report the case of a 25-year-old woman who presented with subacute progressive oculomotor disturbances, resulting in the development of a WEBINO over a few days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NRL.0000000000000192DOI Listing
September 2018
19 Reads

Dopaminergic imaging separates normal pressure hydrocephalus from its mimics.

J Neurol 2018 Oct 28;265(10):2434-2441. Epub 2018 Aug 28.

Division of Neurology, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and iNPH mimics (i.e., Parkinson's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy or dementia with Lewy bodies) share similar clinical features, and discrimination between both conditions relies on invasive time-consuming investigations. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00415-018-9029-yDOI Listing
October 2018
9 Reads

Delayed symptom progression after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for normal pressure hydrocephalus.

J Neurol Sci 2018 10 6;393:105-109. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, 1095 NW 14(th) Terrace (D4-6), Miami, FL 33136, United States.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is generally treated with ventriculoperitoneal shunts (VPS), with improved symptoms in the majority of patients. We performed a retrospective chart review study in order to describe patterns of, and risk factors for, delayed symptom progression after initially successful VPS placement. 69 consecutive patients underwent VPS placement for NPH, and were followed for a minimum of 12 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2018.08.002DOI Listing
October 2018

[The surgical treatment in adults with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2018 Aug;98(31):2485-2488

The Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the effect of Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS)in adult patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). The patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus were reviewed, who were admitted into the Peking union medical college hospital from October 2010 to October 2016.The patients treated via VPS were retrospectively analyzed by collecting the data including clinic features, iNPH score and imaging data. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2018.31.007DOI Listing
August 2018
18 Reads

Brain-wide glymphatic enhancement and clearance in humans assessed with MRI.

JCI Insight 2018 07 12;3(13). Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, and.

To what extent does the subarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) compartment communicate directly with the extravascular compartment of human brain tissue? Interconnection between the subarachnoid CSF compartment and brain perivascular spaces is reported in some animal studies, but with controversy, and in vivo CSF tracer studies in humans are lacking. In the present work, we examined the distribution of a CSF tracer in the human brain by MRI over a prolonged time span. For this, we included a reference cohort, representing close to healthy individuals, and a cohort of patients with dementia and anticipated compromise of CSF circulation (idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.121537DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124518PMC
July 2018
22 Reads

Asymmetric hearing loss and chronic dizziness in a patient with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Audiol Res 2018 Mar 6;8(1):200. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Department of Applied Clinical Sciences and Biotechnology, L'Aquila University, L'Aquila.

We report a case of a 54-year old female patient, complaining for chronic dizziness, hearing loss, tension headaches without aura, postural instability and gait dysfunction. The patient referred having these symptoms from 1992, but the last few months she experienced a noticeable aggravation of the symptoms. A magnetic resonance imaging test revealed a triventricular hydrocephalus, not associated with signs of intracranial hypertension decompensation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4081/audiores.2018.200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6007162PMC
March 2018
17 Reads

The Subjective Experience of Patients Undergoing Shunt Surgery for Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 4;119:e46-e52. Epub 2018 Jul 4.

Department of Radiology & Biomedical Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The counseling of patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is difficult; there is variability in the diagnostic criteria, and a definitive diagnosis can be made only postoperatively. A patient's clinical response to shunting is also difficult to predict. This study examines the subjective experience of patients treated for iNPH, to identify the challenges patients face and to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.209DOI Listing
November 2018
12 Reads

Vascular Parkinsonism: Still Looking for a Diagnosis.

Front Neurol 2018 15;9:411. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Section of Neurosciences, Department "G.F. Ingrassia", University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

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https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fneur.2018.00411
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00411DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6013552PMC
June 2018
12 Reads

Yield of early postoperative computed tomography after frontal ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement.

PLoS One 2018 19;13(6):e0198752. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Despite being widely used, ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt placement is a procedure often associated with complications and revision surgeries. Many neurosurgical centers routinely perform early postoperative cranial computer tomography (CT) to detect postoperative complications (e.g. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0198752PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6007904PMC
December 2018
4 Reads

F-FDG PET-CT pattern in idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Neuroimage Clin 2018 28;18:897-902. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of Neurology Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55901, USA.

Background: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is an important and treatable cause of neurologic impairment. Diagnosis is complicated due to symptoms overlapping with other age related disorders. The pathophysiology underlying iNPH is not well understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2018.02.031DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987871PMC
January 2019
10 Reads

S-[18F]THK-5117-PET and [11C]PIB-PET Imaging in Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus in Relation to Confirmed Amyloid-β Plaques and Tau in Brain Biopsies.

J Alzheimers Dis 2018 ;64(1):171-179

Turku PET Centre, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Background: Detection of pathological tau aggregates could facilitate clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and monitor drug effects in clinical trials. S-[18F]THK-5117 could be a potential tracer to detect pathological tau deposits in brain. However, no previous study have correlated S-[18F]THK-5117 uptake in PET with brain biopsy verified tau pathology in vivo. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/JAD-180071DOI Listing
January 2018
17 Reads

The Barrow Innovation Center Case Series: A Novel 3-Dimensional-Printed Retractor for Use with Electromagnetic Neuronavigation Systems.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 1;116:e1075-e1078. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

Department of Neurosurgery Barrow Neurological Institute St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center Phoenix, Arizona, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: The Barrow Innovation Center consists of an educational program that promotes interdisciplinary collaboration among neurosurgery, legal, and engineering professionals to foster the development of new medical devices. This report describes a common issue faced during the placement of ventricular shunts for the treatment of hydrocephalus and the solution to this problem that was developed through the Barrow Innovation Center.

Methods: Neurosurgery residents involved in the Barrow Innovation Center presented the problem of ferromagnetic retractors interfering with pinless image-guidance systems at a monthly meeting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.167DOI Listing
August 2018
3 Reads

The Role of the Periaqueductal Gray Matter in Lower Urinary Tract Function.

Mol Neurobiol 2019 Feb 26;56(2):920-934. Epub 2018 May 26.

Department of Urology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

The periaqueductal gray matter (PAG), as one of the mostly preserved evolutionary components of the brain, is an axial structure modulating various important functions of the organism, including autonomic, behavioral, pain, and micturition control. It has a critical role in urinary bladder physiology, with respect to storage and voiding of urine. The PAG has a columnar composition and has extensive connections with its cranially and caudally located components of the central nervous system (CNS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-018-1131-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6400878PMC
February 2019
27 Reads
5.137 Impact Factor

Delayed Intraventricular Pneumocephalus Following Shunting for Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus.

World Neurosurg 2018 Aug 24;116:174-177. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sint-Jan Hospital Brugge, University Hospitals Leuven, Brugge, Belgium.

Background: Pneumocephalus is usually seen in trauma or cranial surgery. It is rarely reported as a delayed complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus secondary to trauma, tumor, or aqueduct stenosis. We describe a case of intraventricular pneumocephalus manifesting 10 months after placement of a shunt for normal-pressure hydrocephalus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.05.112DOI Listing
August 2018
2 Reads

A case of normal pressure hydrocephalus presenting as ventriculoperitoneal shunt-responsive dementia and choreodystonia.

Neurol Sci 2018 09 24;39(9):1643-1646. Epub 2018 May 24.

Department of Neurology, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Soonchunhyang University School of Medicine, 59 Daesagwan-ro, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, 04401, Republic of Korea.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10072-018-3451-xDOI Listing
September 2018

Persisting Embryonal Infundibular Recess (PEIR): Two Case Reports and Systematic Literature Review.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 07;103(7):2424-2429

Neurosurgery, Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Radiological Sciences, and Public Health, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Context: The persisting embryonal infundibular recess (PEIR) is a rare anomaly of the floor of the third ventricle with a debated pathogenesis. It can be a cause of misdiagnosis in the case of cystic lesions of the sellar and suprasellar area.

Objective: To describe two recently evaluated cases and provide a systematic literature review. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2018-00437DOI Listing
July 2018
16 Reads