629 results match your criteria Imaging in Ileal Atresia

Rare paediatric case of agenesis of the vermiform appendix, ileal duplication and sickle cell disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 May 17;15(5). Epub 2022 May 17.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central EPE, Lisboa, Portugal.

This study reports an exceptional case of a 14-year-old girl with sickle cell disease that was diagnosed with agenesis of the vermiform appendix and ileal duplication. Both consist of extremely rare gastrointestinal malformations whose association has never been described. The preadolescent girl presented with abdominal pain and vomiting, and the ultrasound was suggestive of acute appendicitis. Read More

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Unusual disseminated infection presenting with fever and diarrhea in an AIDS patient: a case report and literature review.

Acta Clin Belg 2022 Apr 25:1-4. Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Background: Gastrointestinal symptoms are not uncommon in patients infected with (. However, the reports on intestinal infection were rare. We report a case of disseminated infection with intestine involvement. Read More

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Gastrointestinal Manifestations of Immunodeficiency: Imaging Spectrum.

Radiographics 2022 May-Jun;42(3):759-777. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

From the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Mo (M.I., V.M.M.); Department of Radiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Ky (N.K.); Department of Radiology, VA Medical Center, Fayetteville, NC (A.R.); Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wis (M.G.L.); Department of Radiology, Division of Abdominal Imaging, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pa (A.K.D.); Department of Radiology, University of Texas Health at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr, San Antonio, TX 78229 (L.K., V.S.K.); and Department of Radiology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Tex (S.R.P.).

There is a wide spectrum of hereditary and acquired immunodeficiency disorders that are characterized by specific abnormalities involving a plethora of humoral, cellular, and phagocytic immunologic pathways. These include distinctive primary immunodeficiency syndromes due to characteristic genetic defects and secondary immunodeficiency syndromes, such as AIDS from HIV infection and therapy-related immunosuppression in patients with cancers or a solid organ or stem cell transplant. The gut mucosa and gut-associated lymphoid tissue (the largest lymphoid organ in the body), along with diverse commensal microbiota, play complex and critical roles in development and modulation of the immune system. Read More

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Persistent omphalomesenteric duct and urachus presenting as an umbilical hernia.

BMJ Case Rep 2022 Apr 1;15(4). Epub 2022 Apr 1.

Department of General Surgery, King Edward Memorial and Seth Gordhandas Sunderdas Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Vitellointestinal duct anomalies, although one of the most frequent malformations to be found (2%-3% in population), they are most unlikely to cause symptoms. A persistent Vitellointestinal duct can induce abdominal pain, bowel obstruction, intestinal haemorrhage and umbilical sinus, fistula or hernia which commonly occurs in children. Patent vitellointestinal duct or persistent omphalomesenteric duct is a very unusual congenital anomaly which occurs in 2% of the population related to the embryonic yolk stalk. Read More

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Defining normal pouch function in patients with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: a pilot study.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2022 06 11;55(12):1560-1568. Epub 2022 Mar 11.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Most patients experience good functional outcomes following ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) for ulcerative colitis.

Aim: We aimed to determine if asymptomatic patients with an IPAA had findings consistent with normal defecation on standard objective anorectal tests.

Methods: Patients 18-65 years old with IPAA and self-reported healthy pouch function were recruited. Read More

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Alimentary tract duplications in children - a 15 years' experience.

Rom J Morphol Embryol 2021 Jul-Sep;62(3):751-756

Discipline of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania;

Duplications of the alimentary tract are a diverse and complex spectrum of congenital malformations and can be found anywhere along the digestive tract. The management depends on multiple factors, such as age, location, size, macroscopic aspect, and the associated anomalies. This study reflects a 15-year single surgical team experience. Read More

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[Ileal Atresia Due to Intrauterine Intussusception].

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2022 Jun 7;226(3):209-212. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Klinik für Kinder und Jugendliche, Sozialstiftung Bamberg, Bamberg, Deutschland.

Intussusception commonly affects children in the first year of life but it may rarely also appear in utero. We report a newborn with delayed passing of meconium, repeated vomiting, and abdominal distension in the first week of life. After radiological diagnosis of a small bowel obstruction, the newborn underwent an exploratory laparotomy where an ileal atresia proximal to an intussusception was found. Read More

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Small bowel diverticulosis: imaging appearances, complications, and pitfalls.

Clin Radiol 2022 04 7;77(4):264-273. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Clinical Radiology, East Lancashire Hospitals Trust, Haslingden Rd, Blackburn, BB2 3HH, UK. Electronic address:

Diverticula of the small bowel can be categorised as true, with Meckel's being the only example, or false. False small bowel diverticula (SBD) are acquired through herniation of the internal layers of the bowel wall through the muscularis propria. Peri-ampullary duodenal diverticula are a well-recognised example; however, the importance of more distal SBD in the jejunum and ileum is underappreciated, and they are under-reported on cross-sectional imaging. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of CT enterography correlated to histopathology in the diagnosis of small bowel Crohn's disease.

Ir J Med Sci 2022 Jan 8. Epub 2022 Jan 8.

Medical Imaging Department, Al-Azhar University, Gaza, Palestine.

Background: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory process affecting the gastrointestinal tract, mainly the terminal ileum of small bowel. Although ileocolonoscopy provides good mucosal visualization, it does not allow evaluation of extraluminal abnormalities. Computed tomographic enterography (CTE) is an emerging imaging modality for assessment of small bowel disorders. Read More

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January 2022

Ileocolic intussusception in pediatric SARS-CoV-2 patients: experience at a tertiary pediatric center.

Pediatr Surg Int 2022 Mar 8;38(3):437-443. Epub 2022 Jan 8.

Edward B. Singleton Department of Radiology, Texas Children's Hospital, 6701 Fannin St., Suite 470, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Purpose: COVID-19 disease can manifest with intussusception in pediatric patients, but prevalence of abnormalities on ultrasounds performed for intussusception is uncertain. We aim to report our experience in children with COVID-19 presenting with suspected intussusception imaged with ultrasound.

Methods: Children under 18 years who had an ultrasound for possible intussusception underwent retrospective analysis and were tested for COVID-19 between April 1 and December 14, 2020. Read More

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Intestinal Behçet's disease complicated by myelodysplastic syndrome and secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis: a case report.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Dec 20;21(1):488. Epub 2021 Dec 20.

Department of Rheumatology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.

Background: Gastrointestinal lesions, which sometimes develop in Behçet's disease (BD), are referred to as intestinal BD. Although rare, intestinal BD can be accompanied by myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with abnormal karyotype trisomy 8, which is refractory to immunosuppressive therapy. Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare lung complication of BD and MDS. Read More

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December 2021

Abdominal US in Pediatric Inflammatory Multisystem Syndrome Associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS).

Radiology 2022 04 7;303(1):173-181. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

From the Department of Imaging, Great Ormond Street Hospital, Great Ormond Street, London WC1N 3JH, England (R.M., F.C.W., M.G., S.E., K.M., M.P.H., P.D.H., A.D.C., M.J.E., E.P.G., T.W.); NIHR Great Ormond Street Hospital Biomedical Research Centre, London, England (S.C.S., O.J.A.); and University College London Hospital, London, England (P.D.H.).

Background Children with pediatric inflammatory syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2 (PIMS-TS), also known as multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children, present with abdominal pain among other nonspecific symptoms. Although initial imaging features of PIMS-TS have been reported, the duration of sonographic features remains unknown. Purpose To describe the abdominal US features of PIMS-TS at initial presentation and follow-up. Read More

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Endoscopic tissue sampling - Part 2: Lower gastrointestinal tract. European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) Guideline.

Endoscopy 2021 12 29;53(12):1261-1273. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

1: ESGE suggests performing segmental biopsies (at least two from each segment), which should be placed in different specimen containers (ileum, cecum, ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon, and rectum) in patients with clinical and endoscopic signs of colitis.Weak recommendation, low quality of evidence. 2: ESGE recommends taking two biopsies from the right hemicolon (ascending and transverse colon) and, in a separate container, two biopsies from the left hemicolon (descending and sigmoid colon) when microscopic colitis is suspected. Read More

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December 2021

Inverted Meckel's diverticulum diagnosed using capsule endoscopy: A case report.

World J Gastroenterol 2021 Sep;27(36):6154-6160

Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro, Madrid 28222, Spain.

Background: Meckel's diverticulum is a common asymptomatic congenital gastrointestinal anomaly. However, its presentation as an inverted Meckel's diverticulum is a rare complication, of which few cases have been reported in the literature.

Case Summary: Here, we report the case of a 33-year-old man with iron deficiency anemia without manifestation of gastrointestinal bleeding. Read More

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September 2021

Metachronous small bowel adenocarcinoma after rectal adenocarcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Oct;100(40):e27448

Department of Pathology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Jinan, Shandong, P.R. China.

Rationale: Small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA), an uncommon gastrointestinal malignant tumor, is difficult to diagnose at an early stage because of its non-specific disease presentation. Metachronous SBA is a special type of SBA that is rarely reported. We herein report a case of metachronous primary SBA following resection of rectal adenocarcinoma. Read More

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October 2021

New sonographic feature (C-sign) to improve the prenatal accuracy of jejunal atresia.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Dec 20;47(12):4196-4202. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Ultrasound, Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, Guangzhou, China.

Objectives: To describe a new sonographic feature of the C-sign for prenatal diagnosis of jejunal atresia and evaluate its role in prenatal jejunal atresia, particularly preceding bowel dilatation and polyhydramnios.

Methods: This was a retrospective study from a tertiary maternal hospital. Patients with prenatal sonographic examination and confirmed small bowel atresia postdelivery were included. Read More

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December 2021

Colonic Duplication Cyst in an Adult Woman: A Case Report.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Nov 22;58(231):948-950. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Department of Surgical Gastroenterology, Bir Hospital, NAMS, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Intestinal duplications are rare congenital anomaly found in pediatric age group. Although, ileum is the most common site, there are cases of colonic duplications even in the adult. We report a case of 43 years woman presented with chronic constipation, intermittent colicky abdomen pain and a cystic lump in left abdomen diagnosed as tubular duplication cyst of descending colon. Read More

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November 2020

Gastrointestinal duplication cysts: what a radiologist needs to know.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2022 01 21;47(1):13-27. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Radiology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 395W, 12th Av, 4th Floor, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA.

Gastrointestinal tract duplication cysts are rare congenital malformations which can be diagnosed as early as the prenatal period but are frequently found in infancy or incidentally in adulthood. They can be seen throughout the alimentary tract with the most common involving the distal ileum and second most common the esophagus. Many duplication cysts are asymptomatic and thus discovered as an incidental imaging finding, though they can also be symptomatic with an array of clinical presentations dependent largely on their location. Read More

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January 2022

Closed Gastroschisis: A Rare Abdominal Wall Defect.

Am Surg 2022 Mar 25;88(3):544-546. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, 21693University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Gastroschisis is a rare congenital abdominal wall defect characterized by intestinal evisceration to the right of the umbilical stalk. In less than 6% of cases, the fascial defect closes around the herniated viscera in utero. The mechanism of fascial closure in these cases is unknown; however, the tourniquet effect on the mesenteric vasculature is thought to lead to intestinal atresia and midgut infarction. Read More

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Small intestine duplication cyst with recurrent hematochezia: a case report and literature review.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 1;21(1):246. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Background: Small intestine duplication cysts (SIDCs) are rare congenital anatomical abnormalities of the digestive tract and a rare cause of hematochezia.

Case Presentation: We describe an adult female presented with recurrent hematochezia. The routine gastric endoscope and colonic endoscope showed no positive findings. Read More

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Communicating multiple tubular enteric duplication with toxic megacolon in an infant: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25772

Department of Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Rationale: Gastrointestinal tract duplication is a rare congenial anomaly which can be found anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. While many patients are incidentally diagnosed during operation, in some cases it can present with severe gastrointestinal symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with signs of toxic megacolon leading to rapid aggravation of inflammatory shock. Read More

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Imaging findings of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children associated with COVID-19.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 08 27;51(9):1608-1620. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Diagnostic Imaging, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: A hyperinflammatory immune-mediated shock syndrome has been recognised in children exposed to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Objective: To describe typical imaging findings in children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19.

Materials And Methods: During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, imaging studies and clinical data from children treated for multisystem inflammatory syndrome were collected from multiple centres. Read More

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The Role of Intestinal Dysbacteriosis Induced Arachidonic Acid Metabolism Disorder in Inflammaging in Atherosclerosis.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 18;11:618265. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

School of Integrative Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Background: Aging induced chronic systemic inflammatory response is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis (AS) development; however, the detailed mechanism is yet to be elucidated.

Objective: To explore the underlying mechanism of how aging aggravates AS advancement.

Methods: A young (five-week-old, YM) and aged group (32-week-old, OM) male apoE mice with a high fat diet were used as models, and age-matched male wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice were used as controls. Read More

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Recurrent Intestinal Perforation After Cessation of Immunosuppression in Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disease in Pediatric Liver Transplant Recipient.

J Gastrointest Cancer 2021 Sep 22;52(3):1165-1168. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

The Institute of Liver Disease & Transplantation, Dr. Rela Institute & Medical Centre, Bharat Institute of Higher Education & Research, Chennai, India.

Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) is the most common malignant complication after solid organ transplantation. Gastrointestinal involvement as the presentation in early PTLD can occur in 25-30% of pediatric liver transplant recipients and can be the only system involved in 20%. Recurrent gastrointestinal perforation due to resolution of PTLD is an extremely rare complication. Read More

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September 2021

Diagnostic Accuracy of Magnetic Resonance Enterography in the Evaluation of Colonic Abnormalities in Crohn's Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Acad Radiol 2021 11 14;28 Suppl 1:S192-S202. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Department of Radiology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: To Evaluate the diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) for detecting colonic involvement of Crohn's disease (CD).

Materials And Methods: A systematic search of the electronic bibliographic databases was conducted. The inclusion criteria of published original articles were: (1) Utilized MRE to evaluate colon; (2) Patients with documented CD by colonoscopy; (3) Provided crude data of diagnostic performance in the large bowel; (4) Performed segmental evaluation. Read More

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November 2021

Mild nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia associated with syncope.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 7;14(3):776-781. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Surgery, Houju Memorial Hospital, 11-71 Midorigaoka, Nomi, Ishikawa, 923-1226, Japan.

Nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI) is a life-threatening disease caused by a reduction in mesenteric blood supply without vascular occlusion. Early diagnosis of NOMI is often difficult because there are no specific findings suggesting NOMI. Here, we report a rare case of a very elderly patient with mild NOMI caused by dehydration due to short-term reduced oral intake and associated with syncope. Read More

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Torsion of proximal pouch in ileal atresia presenting as a large abdominal cyst.

Pediatr Neonatol 2021 05 23;62(3):331-332. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Surgery, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, South Korea; Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Jeonbuk National University - Biomedical Research Institute of Jeonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, South Korea. Electronic address:

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Meconium-related ileus mimicking ileal atresia in a full-term neonate.

Pediatr Int 2021 Feb 2;63(2):229-231. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Japanese Red Cross Society, Wakayama Medical Center, Wakayama, Japan.

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February 2021

[Omphalomesenteric fistulas; epidemiological diagnostic and therapeutic features: study of four cases in the Department of Pediatric Surgery at the Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar].

Pan Afr Med J 2020 15;37:165. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Université Assane Seck de Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor 27000, Sénégal.

This study aims to determine the epidemiological, therapeutic and diagnostic features of omphalomesenteric fistulas (OMF). We conducted a study of four cases over a period of 10 years, from January 2004 to December 2013. The parameters studied were: frequency, age, sex, clinical and radiological signs, therapeutic and evolutionary features. Read More

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January 2021