603 results match your criteria Imaging in Ileal Atresia

Small intestine duplication cyst with recurrent hematochezia: a case report and literature review.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 1;21(1):246. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Background: Small intestine duplication cysts (SIDCs) are rare congenital anatomical abnormalities of the digestive tract and a rare cause of hematochezia.

Case Presentation: We describe an adult female presented with recurrent hematochezia. The routine gastric endoscope and colonic endoscope showed no positive findings. Read More

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Communicating multiple tubular enteric duplication with toxic megacolon in an infant: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25772

Department of Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Rationale: Gastrointestinal tract duplication is a rare congenial anomaly which can be found anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract. While many patients are incidentally diagnosed during operation, in some cases it can present with severe gastrointestinal symptoms. In this case report, the patient presented with signs of toxic megacolon leading to rapid aggravation of inflammatory shock. Read More

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Imaging findings of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children associated with COVID-19.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Diagnostic Imaging, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: A hyperinflammatory immune-mediated shock syndrome has been recognised in children exposed to the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Objective: To describe typical imaging findings in children with multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with COVID-19.

Materials And Methods: During the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, imaging studies and clinical data from children treated for multisystem inflammatory syndrome were collected from multiple centres. Read More

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The Role of Intestinal Dysbacteriosis Induced Arachidonic Acid Metabolism Disorder in Inflammaging in Atherosclerosis.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 18;11:618265. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

School of Integrative Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, China.

Background: Aging induced chronic systemic inflammatory response is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis (AS) development; however, the detailed mechanism is yet to be elucidated.

Objective: To explore the underlying mechanism of how aging aggravates AS advancement.

Methods: A young (five-week-old, YM) and aged group (32-week-old, OM) male apoE mice with a high fat diet were used as models, and age-matched male wild-type C57BL/6J (WT) mice were used as controls. Read More

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[Omphalomesenteric fistulas; epidemiological diagnostic and therapeutic features: study of four cases in the Department of Pediatric Surgery at the Aristide Le Dantec University Hospital in Dakar].

Pan Afr Med J 2020 15;37:165. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Université Assane Seck de Ziguinchor, Ziguinchor 27000, Sénégal.

This study aims to determine the epidemiological, therapeutic and diagnostic features of omphalomesenteric fistulas (OMF). We conducted a study of four cases over a period of 10 years, from January 2004 to December 2013. The parameters studied were: frequency, age, sex, clinical and radiological signs, therapeutic and evolutionary features. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical features of capsule endoscopy in 825 children: A single-center, retrospective cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Oct;99(43):e22864

Gastroenterology Department/Endoscopy Center.

Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) can detect mucosal lesions in the intestine, especially in the small bowel.Our study aims to evaluate the applications of VCE for pediatric gastrointestinal diseases.In this retrospective study, we included all patients who underwent VCE between December 2012 and December 2018. Read More

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October 2020

Diagnostic decision-making tool for imaging term neonatal bowel obstruction.

Clin Radiol 2021 Mar 20;76(3):163-171. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States; Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, United States.

Term neonatal bowel obstruction is common, and absence of treatment is potentially catastrophic. There is a relatively narrow differential diagnosis, with causes categorised as either low or high bowel obstruction. The commonest causes of low bowel obstruction include anorectal malformations (ARM), Hirschsprung's disease, ileal atresia, meconium ileus, meconium plug, and colonic atresia. Read More

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Myocarditis in Crohn's disease: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2020 Aug 8;4(4):1-6. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Cardiology, St Vincent's Hospital, 390 Victoria Street, Darlinghurst, Sydney, 2010 NSW, Australia.

Background: Mobile valvular masses are often considered pathognomonic for infective endocarditis. We present a case of a young patient with mobile valvular masses in the context of myocarditis likely secondary to active ileal Crohn's disease. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging was crucial in diagnosing and monitoring our patient. Read More

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Maturity-Onset diabetes of the young type 5 treated with the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Aug;99(35):e21939

Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Center Hospital, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo.

Rationale: Maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 5 (MODY 5) is a form of monogenic diabetes that is often accompanied by pancreatic dysfunction. To date, no cases of MODY 5 treated with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) have been reported. We present the first case of MODY 5 treated with GLP-1RA. Read More

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Quantified small bowel motility in patients with ulcerative colitis and gastrointestinal symptoms: a pilot study.

Acta Radiol 2020 Aug 17:284185120946713. Epub 2020 Aug 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are common in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), even when the disease is in remission, possibly due to abnormalities in GI motility. Small bowel motility can be assessed globally and in specific intestinal regions during magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) using a displacement mapping technique.

Purpose: To investigate whether small bowel motility in MRE differs between patients with UC and controls, and if altered motility correlates with GI symptoms. Read More

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Congenital pouch colon: an unusual case report.

Cir Pediatr 2020 Jul 1;33(3):146-148. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Pediatric Surgeon. Baca Ortiz Hospital. Quito (Ecuador).

Introduction: Congenital pouch colon (CPC) is a rare malformation. It causes variable dilatation of the colon associated with anorectal malformation (ARM), usually presenting a fistula towards the genitourinary tract.

Case Report: 2-day-old female patient, with no relevant medical history. Read More

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Appearance of fetal intestinal obstruction on fetal MRI.

Prenat Diagn 2020 10 18;40(11):1398-1407. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Center of Imaging Diagnosis, Anhui Provincial Children's Hospital, Hefei, China.

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the imaging findings of fetal intestinal obstruction diagnosed by MRI and compare with postnatal surgery findings.

Methods: MRI data of 3346 pregnant women were retrospectively analyzed; we found 47 cases of suspected fetal small intestinal obstruction. Twenty-nine underwent postnatal surgery. Read More

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October 2020

Multiple Small Bowel Diverticula Were an Unexpected Finding During Laparoscopic Enterectomy for Crohn's Disease.

Med Arch 2020 Apr;74(2):142-145

Second Department of Surgery, Aretaieion University Hospital, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens 11528, Greece.

Introduction: Small bowel diverticulosis (SBD) is a rare entity. Although it is usually an asymptomatic condition, clinical manifestations may vary from non-specific clinical signs to severe and complicated disease. The coexistence of SBD and Crohn's disease (CD) is rarely reported in the current literature. Read More

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Diagnostic performance and role of the contrast enema for low intestinal obstruction in neonates.

Pediatr Surg Int 2020 Sep 23;36(9):1093-1101. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, 3NW13, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA.

Purpose: We aim to evaluate the diagnostic performance and relationship between clinical characteristics, imaging findings, and final diagnosis for the neonatal contrast enema (CE).

Methods: Retrospective 10-year review of all neonatal CEs including imaging findings, clinical information, indication, and final diagnosis from discharge summaries, surgical reports, and pathology (reference standard). Two blinded pediatric radiologists reinterpreted 366 CEs for obstruction, microcolon, rectosigmoid index (RSI), serrations, meconium, ileal cut-off, transition zone, diagnosis, and level of confidence. Read More

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September 2020

A Known Postcolonoscopic Complication, with a Rare Precolonoscopic Etiology.

Gastroenterology 2020 11 3;159(5):1662-1664. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

GI Associates, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin.

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November 2020

A rare case of intrauterine intussusception causing ileal atresia.

Med J Malaysia 2020 05;75(3):304-306

Sabah Women and Children's Hospital, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Sabah, Malaysia.

Intrauterine intussusception is a rare but evident cause of intestinal atresia and is usually detected intraoperatively. We report on a term neonate who presented to the Department of Paediatric Surgery, Sabah Women and Children's Hospital, Malaysia with delayed passage of meconium and intestinal obstruction, wherein the lower contrast showed a claw sign. This was a good clue that this neonate had intrauterine intussusception and this suspicion was confirmed upon laparotomy. Read More

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Digestive Duplication: A rare cause of abdominal mass in an infant.

Tunis Med 2020 Feb;98(2):164-167

Introduction: Intestinal duplications are rare malformations and hail sites are the most common. Today, the diagnosis is made in antenatal because of the performances of antenatal ultrasound.

Observation: This was a 15-month-old male infant received for constant crying, vomiting and increased abdominal volume that had been evolving for two weeks. Read More

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February 2020

Congenital multiple colonic atresias with intestinal malrotation: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2020 Mar 30;6(1):60. Epub 2020 Mar 30.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University, 2-1-1, Midorigaoka-higashi Asahikawashi, Hokkaido, 078-8510, Japan.

Background: Congenital intestinal atresia develops in 1 in 1500 to 20,000 births. Colonic atresia, which accounts for 1.8-15% of intestinal atresia cases, is accompanied by other gastrointestinal atresias such as small intestinal atresia, gastroschisis, imperforate anus, and intestinal malformation in 47-80%. Read More

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Single incision laparoscopic assisted double balloon enteroscopy: a novel technique to manage small bowel pathology.

Surg Endosc 2020 06 18;34(6):2773-2779. Epub 2020 Feb 18.

The Wolfson Unit for Endoscopy, St Mark's Hospital, Watford Road, Harrow, London, HA1 3UJ, UK.

Background And Aims: Double balloon enteroscopy (DBE) has revolutionised the diagnosis and treatment of small bowel (SB) conditions. However, deep SB insertion can be challenging in patients with a history of abdominal surgery and a two-step procedure is required when findings are not amenable to endoscopic therapy. This case series reports the development of laparoscopically assisted DBE (LA-DBE) using single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS). Read More

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Ileal diffuse ganglioneurosis with jejunal malrotation.

Asian J Surg 2020 May 21;43(5):642-643. Epub 2020 Jan 21.

Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, 210008, China. Electronic address:

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Clinical characteristics of gastrointestinal tract duplications in children: A single-institution series review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Nov;98(44):e17682

Department of Pediatric General Surgery.

Due to the various presentations of gastrointestinal tract duplications (GTD), diagnosing and management for this disease might be varied and difficult. We intend to improve the experiences for these difficult, in terms of the clinical presentations, diagnostic investigations, management.We reviewed recent literature and retrospectively analyzed 72 pediatric patients with enteric duplication. Read More

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November 2019

Preliminary Investigation of the Diagnosis of Neonatal Congenital Small Bowel Atresia by Ultrasound.

Biomed Res Int 2019 29;2019:7097159. Epub 2019 Sep 29.

Department of Ultrasound, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, China.

Purpose: To assess the diagnostic value of ultrasonography (US) for congenital small bowel atresia (SBA) in neonates and their sonographic characteristics.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 20 neonates who were confirmed with SBA by operation from March 2014 to January 2019. All the neonates have been scanned by US before surgery, and no one underwent barium enema or upper gastrointestinal imaging prior to US. Read More

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Caecal duplication cyst leading to intussusception in an adult.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Sep 11;12(9). Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of General Surgery, Oman Medical Speciality Board, Al-Athaiba, Oman.

Colonic duplication cyst is an uncommon cause of intussusception in adults. We report a case of caecal duplication cyst in a 24-year-old adult with a 3-year history of recurrent abdominal pain mainly in the periumbilical region. CT and MRI of the abdomen showed a lesion suggesting an caecal duplication cyst within an intussuception. Read More

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September 2019

The role of sonography for depiction of a whirlpool sign unrelated to midgut malrotation in neonates.

Pediatr Radiol 2020 01 10;50(1):46-56. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

Division of General and Thoracic Surgery, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: The sonographic whirlpool sign of volvulus due to midgut malrotation is well recognized. However, variations of the whirlpool sign may be seen in other conditions, but this observation has received little attention in the literature.

Objective: This study presents a series of neonates with a variety of causes of congenital intestinal obstruction, all associated with a whirlpool sign (unrelated to midgut volvulus), which was correctly recognized preoperatively on sonography. Read More

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January 2020

Congenital sigmoid mesocolic defect as a cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Aug 28;12(8). Epub 2019 Aug 28.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India.

Internal herniation through congenital sigmoid mesocolic defect as a cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction is rarely reported. Clinical judgement combined with judicious use of investigations and prompt exploration is essential to provide immediate relief of the obstruction and salvage the herniated loop of bowel, which otherwise might lead to morbidity and even death. We present a neonate with internal herniation of the ileum through a congenital mesocolic defect which was diagnosed by a prompt abdominal exploration in view of persistent clinical signs of intestinal obstruction. Read More

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Seltenes PHACE-Syndrom mit Vergrößerung des Cavum Meckeli.

Dietmar Garnhaft

Rofo 2019 Dec 13;191(12):1118-1120. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Institut für Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin, Landesklinikum Horn, Austria.

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December 2019

Pancreatic endosonographic findings and clinical correlation in Crohn's disease.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2019 05 30;74:e853. Epub 2019 May 30.

Laboratorio de Gastroenterologia Clinica e Experimental, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, BR.

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the incidence of pancreatic alterations in Crohn's disease using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and to correlate the number of alterations with current clinical data.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with Crohn's disease (n=51) were examined using EUS, and 11 variables were analyzed. A control group consisted of patients with no history of pancreatic disease or Crohn's disease. Read More

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Burkitt lymphoma masquerading as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome in an HIV-seropositive patient.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2020 Mar 25;30(2):NP41-NP46. Epub 2019 Apr 25.

Ruiz Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth), Houston, TX, USA.

Purpose: To describe a rare case of Burkitt lymphoma metastatic to the cavernous sinus that was initially diagnosed as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.

Case Description: A 31-year-old confirmed and treatment-compliant HIV-positive Hispanic male acutely developed diplopia, ptosis, numbness in the V1 distribution, and complete external ophthalmoplegia in the right eye over 1 week. Imaging showed a mass-like lesion within the right cavernous sinus without other intracranial abnormalities. Read More

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