2,699 results match your criteria Imaging in Epidural Hematoma


Imaging of Acute Low Back Pain.

Radiol Clin North Am 2019 Mar 5;57(2):397-413. Epub 2018 Dec 5.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, University of Utah, 30 North 1900 East, Room 1A71, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. Electronic address:

Acute low back pain, defined as less than 6 weeks in duration, does not require imaging in the absence of "red flags" that may indicate a cause, such as fracture, infection, or malignancy. When imaging is indicated, it is important to rule out a host of abnormalities that may be responsible for the pain and any associated symptoms. A common mnemonic VINDICATE can help ensure a thorough consideration of the possible causes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcl.2018.10.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Injuries to the Rigid Spine: What the Spine Surgeon Wants to Know.

Radiographics 2019 Feb 1:180039. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

From the Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115.

The biomechanical stability of the spine is altered in patients with a rigid spine, rendering it vulnerable to fracture even from relatively minor impact. The rigid spine entities are ankylosing spondylitis (AS), diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, degenerative spondylosis, and a surgically fused spine. The most common mechanism of injury resulting in fracture is hyperextension, which often leads to unstable injury in patients with a rigid spine per the recent AOSpine classification system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2019180125DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Massage-induced spinal epidural hematoma presenting with delayed paraplegia.

Am J Emerg Med 2019 Jan 15. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Truman Medical Center, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) School of Medicine, Kansas City, Mo, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is an uncommon but serious emergency condition rare cases of spontaneously or following a minor traumatic event without bony injury.

Objective: We report the rare case of SEH associated with traditional massage initially presenting with delayed lower paraplegia.

Case Report: A 20-year-old man presented with bilateral lower extremity weakness and numbness 3 h prior to presentation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2019.01.017DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Spontaneous resolution and complete recovery of spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma: Report of two cases and literature review.

Neurochirurgie 2019 Jan 8. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, No. 415, Feng Yang Street, Huangpu District, Shanghai 200003, China.

Objective: To present the natural course and treatment modalities of spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma (SCEH), by reporting two rare cases with spontaneous resolution in both clinical and radiologic findings without surgery.

Material And Methods: One patient presenting with acute right side hemiparesis and another showing pure cervical radiculopathy were diagnosed with SCEH on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Both were both treated non-operatively. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00283770183036
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neuchi.2018.10.008DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

Bilateral blunt cerebrovascular injury resulting in direct carotid-cavernous fistulae: A case report and review of the literature.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 19;9:229. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neurosciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Background: Bilateral blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) has been documented in 32 patients in the English-language literature and bilateral carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) have been reported in only 1 patient. Here, we present a case of severe, unexpected bilateral BCVI with bilateral direct CCF and review the literature of BCVI, particularly cases of bilateral injury.

Case Description: A 65-year-old woman with episodic bradycardia presented after a motor vehicle accident. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_210_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6262944PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Nonsurgical Intervention in a Preeclamptic Patient with Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2018 7;2018:5879481. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Department of Neurology, White Memorial Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.

Background: Spontaneous epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare finding in pregnancy, especially since most pregnant women do not have risk factors for developing SEH. The presence of epidural anesthesia can delay the diagnosis of SEH in pregnant patients. Immediate surgical decompression is the current standard of care for treating SEH. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/5879481DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6247676PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Spinal arachnoiditis ossificans: report of a quadruple triggered case.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 3. Epub 2018 Dec 3.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Policlinico "G. Rodolico" University Hospital, Via Santa Sofia 86, 95123 - Catania, Italy.

Background: Arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) is a rare condition often associated with previous spine surgery. Here we describe a unique case of a patient affected by ankylosing spondylitis (AS), presenting with progressive neurological deterioration due to AO. We also review the literature on evaluation and management of patients suffering from AO. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183276
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.203DOI Listing
December 2018
15 Reads

A rare case of Brown-Sequard syndrome caused by traumatic cervical epidural hematoma.

Surg Neurol Int 2018 23;9:213. Epub 2018 Oct 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Riverside University Health System, Riverside, California, USA.

Background: Brown-Sequard syndrome (BSS) is a well-known entity that is most commonly caused by a penetrating injury to the spinal cord (e.g., stab wound or gunshot wound). Read More

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http://www.surgicalneurologyint.com/text.asp?2018/9/1/213/24
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/sni.sni_142_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6213806PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Ankylosing Spinal Disease-Diagnosis and Treatment of Spine Fractures.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 23. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

Department of Neurosurgery, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: In patients with ankylosing spinal disease, including ankylosing spondylitis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, even low-impact trauma can lead to complex injuries. The injuries seem to be highly unstable and associated with greater mortality rates compared with the general spine trauma population.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of a consecutive series of 41 patients (34 men, 7 women) with ankylosing spinal disease and unstable traumatic spine injuries who were admitted to our department from 2007 to 2016. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.11.108DOI Listing
November 2018
9 Reads

Surgical consideration in Hunter syndrome: a case of hydrocephalus and a case of epidural hematoma.

Childs Nerv Syst 2018 Nov 15. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.

Introduction: Hunter syndrome (HS) is a rare X-linked lysosomal storage disorder which affects multiple organ systems. Surgical intervention and general anesthesia should be used with caution because of significant airway complications.

Case Report: Two HS patients underwent surgery with different prognosis are presented below. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3998-0DOI Listing
November 2018
7 Reads
1.163 Impact Factor

Epidural hematoma after caudal epidural pulsed radiofrequency stimulation: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(45):e13090

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Spine Center, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Namku, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Epidural hematoma is a possible complication after neuraxial procedures. Recently, caudal epidural pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation was reported as an effective method for controlling several types of chronic pain. Herein, we report on a patient who developed a lumbar epidural hematoma after receiving caudal epidural PRF stimulation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013090DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6250492PMC
November 2018
9 Reads

Dengue Fever Presenting with Cervicodorsal Acute Spinal Spontaneous Subdural Hematoma-Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 4;122:272-277. Epub 2018 Nov 4.

Department of Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurosciences, Medanta the Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Background: Neurologic complications are increasingly being reported in dengue epidemics. Intraspinal hematomas are rare, and those associated with dengue fever are still rarer with only 1 being reported in the literature.

Case Description: We report a case of dengue fever presenting with acute-onset quadriparesis (upper limbs Medical Research Council [MRC] 4/5 and lower limbs 0/5) and urinary incontinence. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183250
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.201DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Neurodevelopmental Prognostic Factors in 73 Neonates with the Birth Head Injury.

Korean J Neurotrauma 2018 Oct 31;14(2):80-85. Epub 2018 Oct 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ajou University Hospital, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Objective: The objective of this study was to reinterpret the neurodevelopmental prognostic factors that are associated with birth head injury by performing a long-term follow-up.

Methods: Seventy-three neonates with head injuries were retrospectively analyzed after a duration of 10.0±7. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.13004/kjnt.2018.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.13004/kjnt.2018.14.2.80DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6218339PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Consecutive images of conservatively treated cervical spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma.

J Clin Neurosci 2019 Jan 2;59:270-275. Epub 2018 Nov 2.

The University of Tokyo Hospital, Japan.

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) in the cervical spine is rare, and it remains unclear how this condition resolves. We aimed to elucidate the underlying pathology of SSEH conservatively treated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) analysis. We reviewed the clinical records of patients with SSEH treated conservatively between January 2011 and November 2016 and analyzed the patients' medical history, medication, spinal cord compression on MRI, and neurological status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2018.10.097DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma of the thoracic spine after herbal medicine: a case report.

BMC Complement Altern Med 2018 Oct 29;18(1):291. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Orthopaedics, Hanil General Hospital, 308 Uicheon-ro, Dobong-Gu, Seoul, 132-703, South Korea.

Background: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is an uncommon disease, but it can lead to acute cord compression with disabling consequences. Identifiable reasons for spontaneous hemorrhage are vascular malformations and bleeding disorders. However, SSEH after taking herbal medicines has not been described yet. Read More

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https://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-018-2354-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6206678PMC
October 2018
11 Reads

Assessment of Single-Barrel Superficial Temporal Artery-Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass in Treatment for Adult Patients with Ischemic-Type Moyamoya Disease.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Oct 19;24:7469-7474. Epub 2018 Oct 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Affiliated Suzhou Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Moyamoya disease (MMD) is an idiopathic disease caused by progressive steno-occlusion of the distal internal carotid artery. Ideal surgical treatment for adult patients with ischemic-type MMD has not been achieved. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of single-barrel superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) bypass in treatment for adult patients with ischemic-type MMD by analyzing clinical and radiological data retrospectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.910252DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6203936PMC
October 2018
4 Reads

Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma: Correlation of Timing of Surgical Decompression and MRI Findings with Functional Neurological Outcome.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 16;122:e241-e247. Epub 2018 Oct 16.

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare and morbid entity, with the prognosis affected by delayed diagnosis and surgical intervention. The correlation between the timing of the intervention and neurological recovery has not been clearly reported. We present a retrospective study of SSEH to determine the correlation between the timing of surgical intervention and changes in the spinal cord signal on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the neurological outcome. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183227
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.224DOI Listing
February 2019
44 Reads
2.417 Impact Factor

Anterior Controllable Antedisplacement Fusion as a Choice for Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament and Degenerative Kyphosis and Stenosis: Postoperative Morphology of Dura Mater and Probability Analysis of Epidural Hematoma Based on 63 Patients.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 13;121:e954-e961. Epub 2018 Oct 13.

Department of Orthopedics, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: We studied the postoperative morphology of the dura mater and analyzed the probability of epidural hematoma (EH) after anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF).

Methods: A total of 63 patients with a diagnosis of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) and degenerative kyphosis and stenosis (DKS) had undergone ACAF from 2016 to 2017. All these patients had undergone cervical plain films, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183234
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.052DOI Listing
January 2019
6 Reads

"Swirl Sign" in Extradural Hematoma.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 10;121:95-96. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India. Electronic address:

"Swirl sign" is a relatively uncommon sign, seen on noncontrast CT scan in patients of head trauma who develop extradural hematoma. It has 2 components: hyperacute, which represents ongoing active intracranial bleed, and acute, which comprises surrounding hyperattenuated clotted blood. The importance of early identification of this sign by surgeons and aggressive surgical management might have a bearing on the prognosis and survival of the patients, as emphasized here by 2 clinical scenarios. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183230
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.010DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Disturbed Consciousness and Coma: Diagnosis and Management of Intracranial Hypotension Caused by a Spinal Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 5;121:e700-e711. Epub 2018 Oct 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, Fuchu, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: The diagnosis and treatment of intracranial hypotension associated with a spinal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, especially in comatose patients, have yet to be established.

Methods: Clinical manifestations, neuroimaging findings, and treatment outcomes in 11 patients (Glasgow Coma Scale score 10 ± 4) were described and compared with 36 patients with normal consciousness.

Results: Patients with disturbed consciousness were diagnosed at a significantly older age (55 ± 11 years; P < 0. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183224
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.193DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

Delayed Occurrence of C3 Vertebra Anterior Subluxation Diagnosed after Surgery for Epidural Hematoma.

Asian J Neurosurg 2018 Jul-Sep;13(3):870-872

Department of Neurosurgery, Kagawa Rosai Hospital, Kagawa, Japan.

A case of delayed occurrence of C3 vertebra anterior subluxation diagnosed 10 days after surgery for epidural hematoma is herein described. A 56-year-old man underwent surgery for right epidural hematoma. No spinal fracture was identified on the cervical-spinal computed tomography (CT) on arrival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ajns.AJNS_348_16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6159070PMC
October 2018
3 Reads

Spontaneous Epidural Hematoma of Cervical Spine.

Int J Spine Surg 2018 Jan 30;12(1):26-29. Epub 2018 Mar 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma is an uncommon cause of acute spinal cord compression. This is a rare idiopathic condition that leads to acute onset of neurologic deficits, which if not recognized early can have catastrophic consequences. Acute cervical epidural hematoma is definitely a condition of neurologic emergency. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14444/5005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6162037PMC
January 2018
3 Reads

Refracture of Kummell Disease Combined with Huge Epidural Hematoma After Minor Trauma.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 26;120:500-505. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nanoori Gangnam Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Kummell disease is defined as avascular necrosis of vertebra, occurs after the delayed posttraumatic osteoporotic vertebral collapse, and mainly occurs in adults older than 50 years of age. We report the first case of refracture of Kummell disease and epidural hematoma followed by paraparesis.

Case Description: A 67-year-old woman with a known case of osteoporotic T12 fracture (3 months back) visited our outpatient clinic complaining of persistent back pain and paraparesis after jerking while getting up from the bed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.130DOI Listing
December 2018
1 Read
2.420 Impact Factor

Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension: A Report on 4 Cases and a Review of the Literature.

Headache 2018 Sep 20;58(8):1244-1255. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

Department of Neurology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, PR. China.

Objective: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is a risk factor for cerebral venous thrombosis. The occurrence of cerebral venous thrombosis in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension raises difficult practical questions regarding the management of the 2 conditions. We reviewed our experience and the relevant literature to evaluate these related questions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/head.13413DOI Listing
September 2018
10 Reads

Spinal Hematomas: What a Radiologist Needs to Know.

Radiographics 2018 Sep-Oct;38(5):1516-1535

From the Departments of Radiology and Medical Imaging (J.L.P., J.H.D., N.C.N., C.R.Q., M.T.P., N.F., M.D.M., C.A.S.) and Orthopedic Surgery (G.A.F., F.H.S.), University of Virginia, 1215 Lee St, Charlottesville, VA 22908.

Spinal hematomas are a frequent indication for radiologic evaluation and can be a diagnostic dilemma for many radiologists and surgeons. There are four types of spinal hematomas: epidural, subdural, subarachnoid, and intramedullary (spinal cord) hematomas. Because they differ by their location in relationship to the meningeal membranes and spinal cord, unique radiologic appearances can be recognized to distinguish these types of spinal hemorrhage. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.2018180099DOI Listing
December 2018
24 Reads

A rare case of deep cerebral venous thrombosis secondary to traumatic epidural hematoma: Case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Sep;97(36):e11587

Department of Neurosurgery, Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Rationale: Deep cerebral venous thrombosis (DCVT) is a rare disease, but always results in poor prognosis.

Patient Concerns: We reported a 79-year-old female with coma after traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Diagnosis: The epidural hematoma was first diagnosed on non-contrast computerized tomography (CT). Read More

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http://Insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00005792-201809070-0000
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011587DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6133577PMC
September 2018
18 Reads

Delayed-onset paralysis induced by spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma communicated with hematoma in the paraspinal muscle in a 6-month-old girl: a case report.

Childs Nerv Syst 2019 Feb 8;35(2):379-383. Epub 2018 Sep 8.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi Kami-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, Japan.

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) very rarely develops in infants younger than 1 year old. To our knowledge, no previous case of delayed-onset paralysis induced by SSEH communicated with hematoma in the paraspinal muscle has been reported in the literature. The authors present the case of a 6-month-old girl with a tumor mass on her back who developed a paresis of her bilateral lower limbs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00381-018-3971-yDOI Listing
February 2019
11 Reads

Ligamentum Flavum Buckling Causing Immediate Post-Operative Neurological Deterioration After an Anterior Cervical Discectomy: Case Report.

Turk Neurosurg 2018 ;28(4):678-681

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Department of Neurological Surgery, Tehran, Iran.

Neurological injury is a potential complication of anterior cervical discectomy (ACDF). Iatrogenic trauma, hypoxic-ischemic damage during surgery or epidural hematoma could cause neurological deterioration after surgery. This is the first case being reported of neurological deterioration after an anterior cervical discectomy due to ligamentum flavum buckling. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5137/1019-5149.JTN.17403-16.1DOI Listing
November 2018
2 Reads

The Influence of Antiplatelet Drug Medication on Spine Surgery.

Clin Orthop Surg 2018 Sep 22;10(3):380-384. Epub 2018 Aug 22.

Department of Orthopedics, Seoul Sacred Heart General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Background: The incidence of cardiovascular and neurovascular diseases has been increasing with the aging of the population, and antiplatelet drugs (APDs) are more frequently used than in the past. With the average age of spinal surgery patients also increasing, there has been a great concern on the adverse effects of APD on spine surgery. To our knowledge, though there have been many studies on this issue, their results are conflicting. Read More

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https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.4055/cios.2018.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4055/cios.2018.10.3.380DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6107813PMC
September 2018
7 Reads

Acute spontaneous intracranial epidural haematoma and disseminated intravascular coagulation in a paediatric sickle cell patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Aug 29;2018. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Augusta University Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, USA.

An African American teenage boy during an acute sickle cell crisis spontaneously developed acute bifrontal epidural haematomas (EDHs) in addition to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The successfully evacuated EDH reaccumulated postoperatively. After multiple transfusions, the patient underwent repeat surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224504DOI Listing
August 2018
4 Reads

Unusual, Acute, and Delayed Traumatic Torcular Herophili Epidural Hematoma Causing Malignant Encephalocele During Surgery: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Aug 29;19:1030-1034. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Neurosurgery, Huishan People's Hospital of Wuxi, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Traumatic torcular herophili epidural hematoma is a rare and specific type of traumatic brain injury that is technically difficult to treat and, more critically, can lead to malignant encephalocele during the operation. CASE REPORT A 40-year-old man presented to our hospital 2 h after a motor vehicle crash. Emergency cranial CT showed a frontotemporal subdural hematoma; 3 h after the patient was admitted, the GCS score decreased to 8 and cranial CT re-examination showed that the frontotemporal subdural hematoma was significantly larger than before. Read More

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https://www.amjcaserep.com/abstract/index/idArt/910030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.910030DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6124356PMC
August 2018
14 Reads

Repeat Head CT for Expectant Management of Traumatic Epidural Hematoma.

Pediatrics 2018 Sep;142(3)

Division of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Background And Objectives: Guidelines regarding the role of repeated head computed tomography (CT) imaging in the nonoperative management of traumatic epidural hematomas (EDHs) do not exist. Consequently, some children may be exposed to unnecessary additional ionizing radiation. We describe the frequency, timing, and utility of reimaging of EDHs to identify patients who might avoid reimaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-0385DOI Listing
September 2018
1 Read

Radiologic Features and Clinical Course of Chronic Spinal Epidural Hematoma: Report of 4 Cases and Literature Review.

World Neurosurg 2018 Dec 23;120:82-89. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Spinal Disorders Center, Fujieda Heisei Memorial Hospital, Fujieda, Shizuoka, Japan.

Background: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a potentially devastating problem that requires rapid diagnosis and surgical intervention. A chronic course is rarely seen following SEH, and the clinical characteristics are quite different from acute cases. The epidemiology, clinical history, and radiologic findings of chronic SEH (CSEH) are not well understood, although the detection rate has increased with the widespread use of magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.08.058DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

Is focused magnetic resonance imaging adequate for treatment decision making in acute traumatic thoracic and lumbar spine fractures seen on whole spine computed tomography?

Spine J 2019 Mar 23;19(3):403-410. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Orthopedics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis St, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Purpose: To assess whether a focused magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) limited to the region of known acute traumatic thoracic or lumbar fracture(s) would miss any clinically significant injuries that would change patient management.

Study Design/setting: A multicenter retrospective clinical study.

Patient Sample: Adult patients with acute traumatic thoracic and/or lumbar spine fracture(s). Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S15299430183109
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2018.08.010DOI Listing
March 2019
24 Reads

Spinal Epidural and Intracranial Subdural Haemorrhage that is a Complication of Spinal Anaesthesia.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2018 Aug 1;46(4):319-322. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Division of Algology, Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, İzmir, Turkey.

Haemorrhage in the neuraxial region following spinal and epidural interventions is a rare and unexpected complication. Subdural haemorrhage is the most frequently occurring type. A 64-year-old male patient was admitted with complaints of severe headache and intermittent fever after 14 days of spinal anaesthesia and inguinal hernia operation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/TJAR.2018.28044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101718PMC
August 2018
2 Reads

Epidural Hematoma: Vigilance beyond Guidelines.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2018 Jul;22(7):555-557

Department of Anaesthesiology and Surgical Oncology, Saifee Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Coagulopathy either from the use of anticoagulant, antiplatelet, or thrombolytic medications or from underlying medical conditions is considered one of the major risk factors for epidural hematoma formation related to epidural catheter placement or removal. The American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) has laid down guidelines regarding timing of neuraxial blockade or removal of neuraxial catheters in patients receiving either antithrombotic or thrombolytic therapy. We present a case of acute onset of paraplegia because of an epidural hematoma following removal of the epidural catheter in a patient who was given the first dose of antithrombotic therapy after the removal of the epidural catheter as per the ASRA guidelines. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_71_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6069313PMC
July 2018
4 Reads

Intracranial Hypotension with Coma: Microsurgical Repair of a Spinal Ventral Dural Tear and Drainage of Subdural Hematoma with Intracranial Pressure Monitoring.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 25;118:269-273. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Difficulties are associated with the diagnosis and management of patients with coma because of intracranial hypotension.

Case Description: A 70-year-old man with coma (Glasgow Coma Scale score of 6) with fixed dilated pupils because of severe intracranial hypotension is described. After unsuccessful epidural blood patch (EBP), the patient underwent microsurgical dural repair and drainage of hematoma with intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.07.148DOI Listing
October 2018
4 Reads

Acute myeloid leukemia with severe coagulation disorder and concomitant central nervous system bleeding - a clinical diagnostic case report.

EJIFCC 2018 Jul 11;29(2):146-151. Epub 2018 Jul 11.

Division of Angiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria.

We report a case of severe central nervous system bleeding in a patient with acute monocytic leukemia. The patient was admitted to our emergency department because of massive back pain and positive meningeal signs. MR imaging yielded a spontaneous epidural hematoma of the thoracic vertebral column. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6053813PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Herniation Masquerading as an Epidural Hematoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

JBJS Case Connect 2018 Jul-Sep;8(3):e59

Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Case: A 50-year-old man developed acute back and bilateral leg pain after minor trauma. Laboratory tests and routine radiographs were unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 5 × 15 × 42-mm longitudinally oriented mass behind the L2-L3 interspace that obliterated the subarachnoid space and displaced the nerve roots. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.CC.17.00300DOI Listing
July 2018
4 Reads

Acute Spinal Epidural Hematoma as a Complication of Dry Needling: A Case Report.

PM R 2018 Jul 21. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Medstar Georgetown University Hospital/National Rehabilitation Hospital, Washington, DC.

Dry needling is a procedure commonly performed for the relief of myofascial pain disorders. The procedure is generally well tolerated. Adverse events often are mild, but severe complications have been reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2018.07.009DOI Listing
July 2018
3 Reads
1.662 Impact Factor

Blunt rupture of the thoracic duct after severe thoracic trauma.

Trauma Surg Acute Care Open 2018 20;3(1):e000183. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Surgery, CHI Health Creighton University Medical Center Bergan Mercy, Omaha, Nebraska, USA.

A 53-year-old man was admitted to our trauma center after sustaining thoracoabdominal injuries, secondary to a rear-end motor vehicle collision. As he stepped out of his vehicle, he was struck by a tractor trailer at 55 mph. The following were the initial vital signs on his arrival: heart rate 140 beats/min, blood pressure 142/80 mm Hg, respiratory rate 28 breaths/min, temperature 36. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/tsaco-2018-000183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6018842PMC
June 2018
14 Reads

What Is the Best Timing of Repeated CT Scan in Mild Head Trauma with an Initially Positive CT Scan?

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 30;118:e316-e322. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chieti University G. D'Annunzio, Santo Spirito Hospital, Pescara, Italy.

Background: Mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is among the most common causes of emergency admission. Current guidelines have clearly evidenced risk factors and neurologic signs that should suggest computed tomography (CT) of the head at admission and indications for the first repeated CT scan. However, the role and frequency of further repeated CT scans after an initially positive scan are still unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.185DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Excellent Outcomes of Large-Volume Epidural Blood Patch Using an Intravenous Catheter in 15 Consecutive Cases with Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 30;118:e276-e282. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Department of Radiology, Brain Attack Center, Ota Memorial Hospital, Fukuyama, Hiroshima, Japan.

Objective: The effects of large-volume epidural blood patch (EBP) remain unclear in patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. We report excellent outcomes from 15 consecutive CSF leak cases that underwent a large-volume EBP using an intravenous catheter from a single lumbar entry point, together with outcomes from 4 patients who underwent direct surgical closure or drip-and-rest therapy during the same period.

Methods: Nineteen patients with idiopathic CSF leaks were enrolled in this study since November 2011 (12 women; mean age, 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.171DOI Listing
October 2018
35 Reads

Intraoperative and Postoperative Bleeding in Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 26;118:e123-e128. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University Medical Center East, Tokyo, Japan.

Objective: The surgical approach for the trigeminal nerve involves veins connected to the superior petrosal and tentorial sinus, and we should pay special attention to these veins. We investigated intraoperative and postoperative bleeding using our database.

Methods: A prospectively accumulated database of 247 microvascular decompression surgeries for trigeminal neuralgia over the past 10 years was analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.139DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Clinical Outcome of Epidural Hematoma Treated Surgically in the Era of Modern Resuscitation and Trauma Care.

World Neurosurg 2018 Oct 26;118:e166-e174. Epub 2018 Jun 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, Unfallkrankenhaus Berlin, Berlin, Germany; Department of Neurosurgery, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Objective: Patients from contemporary populations with traumatic brain injury (TBI) resulting from epidural hematoma (EDH) may differ regarding age, comorbidities, and coagulation status. We therefore analyzed predictors for the clinical outcome of patients with EDH treated surgically regarding modern approaches to resuscitation and trauma care.

Methods: A retrospective observational analysis was carried out. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.147DOI Listing
October 2018
7 Reads

Central Herniation Induced by Craniotomy Prompting Air Replacement for Subdural Fluid Collection Due to Cerebrospinal Fluid Hypovolemia.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 18;117:182-185. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan.

Background: Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) often occurs in association with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hypovolemia. Many cases with CSDH due to CSF hypovolemia and treated by burr hole surgery have been reported to present with paradoxical deterioration. However, the mechanisms and pathology of deterioration after surgery for CSDH due to CSF hypovolemia remain obscure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.059DOI Listing
September 2018
16 Reads

Traumatic Basilar Artery Entrapment without Longitudinal Clivus Fracture: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2018 Aug 20;58(8):362-367. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, Sapporo Medical University.

In blunt cerebrovascular injury, reported traumatic basilar artery occlusions have involved dissection of the basilar artery, distal embolization due to traumatic vertebral artery dissection, or entrapment of the basilar artery into the clivus fracture. To date, however, there are no reports of traumatic basilar artery entrapment without a clivus fracture. Here, we report the first case of traumatic basilar artery occlusion caused by entrapment into an originally existing bone defect. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2176/nmc.cr.2018-0041DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6092608PMC
August 2018
4 Reads

Synchronous Diagnosis of Intradiploic Epidermoid Cyst and Anatomically Close Associated Chronic Epidural Hematoma.

World Neurosurg 2018 Sep 15;117:115-119. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Department of Neurosurgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Background: Intradiploic epidermoid cyst (IEC) concurrent with chronic epidural hematoma (CEDH) has never been reported in the literature. We report a unique case of IEC concurrent with anatomically close associated CEDH.

Case Description: A 54-year-old man presented with a 1-week history of headache, confusion, and drowsiness. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.06.030DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

Isolated subdural hematomas in mild traumatic brain injury. Part 1: the association between radiographic characteristics and neurosurgical intervention.

J Neurosurg 2018 Jun 1:1-10. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

1Trauma Research Department and.

OBJECTIVEIsolated subdural hematomas (iSDHs) are one of the most common intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) types in the population with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; Glasgow Coma Scale score 13-15), account for 66%-75% of all neurosurgical procedures, and have one of the highest neurosurgical intervention rates. The objective of this study was to examine how quantitative hemorrhage characteristics of iSDHs in patients with mTBI at admission are associated with subsequent neurosurgical intervention.METHODSThis was a 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2018.1.JNS171884DOI Listing
June 2018
8 Reads

Liquid Posterior Fossa Epidural Hematoma in Pediatric Trauma: A Single-Center Case Series.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2018 Sep 14;79(5):380-385. Epub 2018 Jun 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Background:  Liquid posterior fossa epidural hematoma (LPFEH) following head trauma is uncommon, and very few such cases have been described in the literature. Eight patients with this entity and their treatments are presented here.

Methods:  We performed a single-institution retrospective analysis of all patients with diagnosed LPFEH over a 3-year period. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1648225DOI Listing
September 2018
3 Reads