189 results match your criteria Imaging in Congenital Lobar Emphysema


A clinical guideline for structured assessment of CT-imaging in congenital lung abnormalities.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2020 Feb 20. Epub 2020 Feb 20.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Erasmus University Medical Centre, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

Objectives: To develop a clinical guideline for structured assessment and uniform reporting of congenital lung abnormalities (CLA) on Computed Tomography (CT)-scans.

Materials And Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted for articles describing CT-scan abnormalities of congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM), bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS), congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) and bronchogenic cyst (BC). A structured report using objective features of CLA was developed after consensus between a pediatric pulmonologist, radiologist and surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prrv.2019.12.004DOI Listing
February 2020

[Clinical analysis of 96 cases of congenital cystic lung lesions in children].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jan;58(1):19-24

Department of Pathology, Tianjin Children's Hospital, Tianjin 300134, China.

To summarize the diagnosis, clinical manifestations, treatment and prognosis of congenital cystic lung lesions. A retrospective study described the clinical course of 96 patients (46 female and 50 male) diagnosed with congenital cystic lung lesions treated at the Tianjin Children's Hospital from January 2010 to March 2019. The clinical findings, imaging examinations, pathological findings, treatment and follow-up were analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2020.01.006DOI Listing
January 2020

Outcomes of Cases of Prenatally-Diagnosed Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2019 Nov 19;41(11):654-659. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective:  To evaluate the outcomes of cases of prenatally-diagnosed congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM).

Methods:  We retrospectively evaluated cases of prenatally-diagnosed CPAM between 2004 and 2018. Ultrasonographic features such as visualization of a fetal lung mass and heterogeneous pulmonary parenchyma were used for CPAM diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1697983DOI Listing
November 2019

Case 28-2019: A 22-Year-Old Woman with Dyspnea and Chest Pain.

N Engl J Med 2019 09;381(11):1059-1067

From the Department of Pediatrics, UMass Memorial Medical Center, and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester (T.M.K.), the Departments of Pediatrics (M.E.L., T.B.K.), Radiology (B.P.L.), and Pathology (M.M.-K.), Massachusetts General Hospital, and the Departments of Pediatrics (M.E.L., T.B.K.), Radiology (B.P.L.), and Pathology (M.M.-K.), Harvard Medical School, Boston, and the Laboratory for Molecular Medicine, Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine, Cambridge (M.H.H.) - all in Massachusetts.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcpc1904041DOI Listing
September 2019
4 Reads

Congenital lung lesions.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2019 Aug 18;28(4):150821. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Fetal Treatment Center, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco. Electronic address:

Diagnosis and management of congenital lung malformations has evolved dramatically over the past several decades. Advancement in imaging technology has enabled earlier, more definitive diagnoses and, consequently, more timely intervention in utero or after birth, when indicated. These advancements have increased overall survival rates to around 95% from historical rates of 60%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2019.07.004DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Congenital segmental emphysema in an adult patient.

Authors:
A Gulsen

Niger J Clin Pract 2019 Aug;22(8):1163-1165

Department of Pneumology, Interdisciplinary Allergy Outpatient Clinic, Lübeck, Germany; Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Manisa, Turkey.

Congenital segmental emphysema (CSE) is a disease characterized by severe hyperinflation of a specific segment of the lung without any intrinsic or extrinsic compression. It is most commonly observed in neonates and young children with acute respiratory distress. It is usually unilateral, and the left upper lobe of the lung is most often affected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/njcp.njcp_141_18DOI Listing
August 2019
2 Reads

Developmental lung anomalies in adults: A pictorial review.

Respir Med 2019 08 11;155:86-96. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Vice Chair of Education, Director, Cardio-Thoracic Radiology, USA; University of Texas Health Science Center -UT Health, San Antonio, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Developmental lung anomalies represent a heterogeneous group of diverse, yet related abnormalities that involve the lung parenchyma, pulmonary vasculature or a combination of both-which usually present prenatally and in early childhood. However, a substantial number of cases go unnoticed during childhood and present either incidentally or with recurrent respiratory infections progressing into adulthood. Defective development of the tracheobronchial tree and the pulmonary vasculature are proposed to cause these developmental anomalies. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2019.07.011DOI Listing
August 2019
10 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema: diagnosis and treatment options.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2019 1;14:921-928. Epub 2019 May 1.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Pulmonology, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

Although congenital lobar emphysema is a rare lung disease, it can cause severe respiratory distress in the newborn. Lobectomy can be difficult because of the hyperinflated lobe and limited space to carry out surgery. During the past two decades, conservative treatment options have increased for patients with mild and moderate disease. Read More

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https://www.dovepress.com/congenital-lobar-emphysema-diagnos
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S170581DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6507121PMC
December 2019
18 Reads

Early sonographic manifestation of fetal congenital lobar emphysema.

J Clin Ultrasound 2019 May 21;47(4):225-227. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

Department of Ob/Gyn, RAMBAM Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Advanced fetal sonographic equipment has contributed to the increase in prenatal diagnosis of congenital thoracic malformations. Among these anomalies is congenital lobar emphysema (CLE), a rare congenital anomaly characterized by over distention and overexpansion of the involved fetal pulmonary lobe. Several studies addressed the prenatal diagnosis of CLE in mid second or early third trimester. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22674DOI Listing
May 2019
6 Reads

Congenital Lobar Overinflation: A Rare Enigmatic Lung Lesion on Prenatal Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

J Ultrasound Med 2019 May 12;38(5):1229-1239. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objectives: To report the ultrasound (US) features in prenatal cases of suspected congenital pulmonary airway malformation or unspecified lung lesions with a final surgical pathologic diagnosis of congenital lobar overinflation (CLO).

Methods: Institutional Review Board-approved radiology and clinical database searches from 2001 to 2017 were performed for prenatally diagnosed lung lesions with a final diagnosis of CLO. All patients had detailed US examinations in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14801DOI Listing
May 2019
9 Reads

Thoracoscopic Lobectomy for Congenital Lung Lesions.

Clin Perinatol 2017 12 28;44(4):781-794. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of CA - San Francisco, 550 16th Street, 5th Floor, UCSF Box 0570, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Congenital lung lesions (CLLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of developmental and histologic entities often diagnosed on screening prenatal ultrasound. Most fetuses with CLL are asymptomatic at birth; however, the risk of malignancy and infection drives the decision to prophylactically resect these lesions. The authors describe their approach to minimally invasive lobectomy in children with CLLs, postoperative care, and management of procedure-specific complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2017.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5967626PMC
December 2017
11 Reads

Near Complete Obliteration of the Left Hemithorax by Congenital Lobar Emphysema in an Adult.

Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Nov;104(5):e367-e369

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare pulmonary malformation typically diagnosed during infancy and is characterized by bullous disease. A 28-year-old woman, who presented with 1 week of progressive dyspnea and chest pain, was found to have left hemithoracic lung hyperinflation with perfusion deficit upon radiographic evaluation. Bullous disease was found intraoperatively to originate from 1 lower lobe segment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.06.068DOI Listing
November 2017
20 Reads

Conservative post-natal management of antenatally diagnosed congenital pulmonary airway malformations.

J Paediatr Child Health 2018 Mar 28;54(3):267-271. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Monash Newborn, Monash Medical Centre Clayton, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: Management of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAM) is controversial, especially for asymptomatic patients. We aim to describe the clinical manifestations and management of CPAM at a tertiary paediatric hospital using a retrospective audit.

Methods: Infants with CPAM were identified on the Fetal Diagnostic Unit database from 2007 to 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jpc.13727DOI Listing
March 2018
11 Reads

Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis associated with a spectrum of neonatal pulmonary disorders.

Hum Pathol 2017 10 2;68:154-165. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

Division of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1W7, Canada.

Primary or isolated pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) is a rare disease presenting as tachypnea and hypoxemia during the perinatal period. A diffuse interstitial infiltrate with focal hyperinflation is visible on chest imaging. The biopsy findings include diffuse expansion of the interstitium by spindle-shaped cells with pale cytoplasm that, on electron microscopy (EM), are poorly differentiated mesenchymal cells containing abundant monoparticulate glycogen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2017.06.026DOI Listing
October 2017
21 Reads
2.769 Impact Factor

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lobar fluid overload.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Aug;56(4):425-431

Department of Radiology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Prenatal congenital lobar fluid overload (CLFO), which was first described by Ramsay and Byron, is identical to postnatal congenital lobar overinflation. It is characterized by progressive lobar overexpansion that compresses the other adjacent lung lobes. The underlying cause can be an intrinsic cartilaginous abnormality or an extrinsic airway compression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.05.001DOI Listing
August 2017
16 Reads

Case 1: Persistent Tachypnea in an Infant.

Pediatr Rev 2017 Jul;38(7):330-331

Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.

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http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/p
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2016-0027DOI Listing
July 2017
26 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema in a kitten.

J Small Anim Pract 2017 Nov 28;58(11):659-663. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.

A five-month-old ragdoll cat presented with severe respiratory signs, unresponsive to medical therapy. Hyperinflation of the right middle lung lobe was diagnosed with radiography and computed tomography. Lung lobectomy following a median sternotomy led to full recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12668DOI Listing
November 2017
3 Reads

Prenatal diagnosis, 3-D virtual rendering and lung sparing surgery by ligasure device in a baby with "CCAM and intralobar pulmonary sequestration".

Open Med (Wars) 2016 23;11(1):200-203. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, University of Siena, Italy.

Congenital cystic lung lesions are a rare but clinically significant group of anomalies, including congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), pulmonary sequestration, congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) and bronchogenic cysts. Despite the knowledge of these lesions increasing in the last years, some aspects are still debated and controversial. The diagnosis is certainly one aspect which underwent many changes in the last 15 years due to the improvement of antenatal scan and the introduction of 3-D reconstruction techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2016-0038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5329825PMC
June 2016
20 Reads

Bilateral congenital lobar emphysema: staged management.

J Pediatr Surg 2017 Sep 31;52(9):1442-1445. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Only a few isolated cases in the literature exist to guide management of bilateral congenital lobar emphysema (CLE). Here, we review our experience in infants with bilateral CLE.

Methods: A case series of all infants presenting with bilateral CLE from 2014 to 2015 in a single institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.01.056DOI Listing
September 2017
51 Reads

Imaging of congenital pulmonary malformations.

Acta Biomed 2016 07 28;87 Suppl 3:45-50. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Radiological Sciences, University of Parma, Parma Hospital, Parma, Italy.

Congenital pulmonary malformations represent a broad spectrum of anomalies that may result in varied clinical and pathologic pictures, ranging from recurrent pulmonary infections and acute respiratory distress syndrome, which require timely drug therapy, up to large space-occupying lesions needing surgical treatment. This classification includes three distinct anatomical and pathological entities, represented by Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation, Bronchopulmonary Sequestration and Congenital Lobar Emphysema. The final result in terms of embryological and fetal development of these alterations is a Congenital Lung Hypoplasia. Read More

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July 2016
17 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema. A rare cause of hypertension.

Saudi Med J 2016 Jul;37(7):796-8

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Ankara University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail.

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare disease, which is characterized by pulmoner hyperinflation. Depending on the degree of bronchial obstruction, the clinical presentation may be variable. We report a rare case with congenital lobar emphysema in a 38-days-old male infant who presented with severe respiratory distress and hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2016.7.13407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5018646PMC
July 2016
58 Reads

Congenital Lobar Emphysema in an Adult.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016 Aug;194(3):377-8

1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201602-0289IMDOI Listing
August 2016
30 Reads

An 18-year-old man with recurrent pneumothorax since he was 10-year-old.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2016 12 3;51(12):E41-E43. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Department of Paediatric Pulmonology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

An 18-year-old male patient was referred to the department of pediatric pulmonology with a history of recurrent pneumothorax. Initial pneumothorax occurred at the age of 10. Following diagnosis of congenital lobar emphysema, he had five episodes of pneumothorax and subsequently underwent right-lower lobe anterobasal segmentectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.23496DOI Listing
December 2016
7 Reads

Answers to Epilogue questions.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2016 Jun;101(3):166-7

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-308936aDOI Listing
June 2016
8 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema concurrent with pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum in a dog.

J Vet Med Sci 2016 Jun 9;78(5):909-12. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of Korea.

A two-year-old castrated male Pomeranian dog was referred with the chief complaints of coughing and subcutaneous emphysema. On physical examination, the crepitant areas were palpable. When auscultated, the right chest was absent of respiratory sound, while the sound of the opposite side was enhanced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.15-0362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4905854PMC
June 2016
11 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema.

J Pak Med Assoc 2016 Feb;66(2):210-2

Liaquat National Hospital, Institute for Postgraduate Medical Studies and Health Science, Karachi, Pakistan.

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare variety of congenital malformation of lung characterized by over distension of a lobe of the lung due to partial obstruction of the bronchus. It is one of the rare causes of infantile respiratory distress requiring surgical resection of affected lobe. We are reporting the case of an 8-week-old baby who presented with respiratory distress related to CLE affecting the left upper lobe. Read More

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February 2016
9 Reads

Thoracoscopic Vs open resection of congenital cystic lung disease- utilization and outcomes in 1120 children in the United States.

J Pediatr Surg 2016 Jul 12;51(7):1101-5. Epub 2015 Dec 12.

Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine if utilization of thoracoscopic resection of congenital cystic lung disease (CLD) is increasing and if this approach is associated with improved outcomes using a large national sample.

Methods: Children ≤20years old who underwent resection of a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestration, or bronchogenic cyst were identified from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (2009, 2012) and Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2008, 2010-2011). Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between thoracoscopic and open approaches using univariate and multivariable analyses stratified by magnitude of resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.12.004DOI Listing
July 2016
16 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema presenting as an airway foreign body.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2015 Dec 13;79(12):2450-2. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of the Canton of Vaud (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland.

We report here the case of a 15 months old girl presenting with clinical signs and radiological exams highly suggestive of a foreign body (FB) aspiration. Diagnostic endoscopy revealed an overlooked bronchial malformation responsible for a congenital lobar emphysema (CLE). CLE presenting after one year of age is rare and can easily be misdiagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.09.042DOI Listing
December 2015
11 Reads

Unilateral Obstructive Emphysema in Infancy due to Mediastinal Bronchogenic Cyst-Diagnostic Challenge and Management.

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 May 1;9(5):TD03-5. Epub 2015 May 1.

Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Christian Medical College , Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India .

Bronchogenic cysts are the most common cystic mediastinal lesion in children. Bronchogenic cyst causing unilateral obstructive emphysema is a rare presentation. We report the case of a one and half month old infant who presented with respiratory distress which was initially suspected as left pneumothorax on frontal chest radiograph but was later found to be due to hyperinflated left lung and hence the possibility of congenital lobar emphysema was considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/13463.5872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4484122PMC
May 2015
25 Reads

Pulmonary imaging abnormalities in an adult case of congenital lobar emphysema.

J Radiol Case Rep 2015 Feb 28;9(2):9-15. Epub 2015 Feb 28.

Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada ; Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada ; Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Congenital lobar emphysema is mainly diagnosed in infants, although rare cases are reported in adults. A 20-yr-old female with acute dyspnea, chest pain and left upper lobe (LUL) chest x-ray hyperlucency underwent 3He magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for ventilation and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements, as well as CT for emphysema and airway wall measurements. Forced expiratory volume in 1s, residual volume, and airways-resistance were abnormal, but there was normal carbon-monoxide-diffusing-capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v9i2.2048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4391802PMC
February 2015
8 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema in a Nigerian neonate: a rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress.

Nig Q J Hosp Med 2013 Apr-Jun;23(2):114-6

Department of Cardiology, Lagoon Hospital, Apapa, Lagos.

Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a notable cause of respiratory distress in neonates, however it remains a diagnostic challenge due to inadequate facilities and low level of experience. The management of this condition also is a bigger challenge due to paucity of expertise and relatively non-existent well-equiped neonatal intensive care unit in this part of the world. Here we present the case of a 5- day old baby who presented at Lagoon Hospital, Apapa with history of severe respiratory distress since birth. Read More

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April 2014
8 Reads

Conservative management of antenatally diagnosed cystic lung malformations.

Arch Dis Child 2014 May 9;99(5):432-7. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, , Southampton, UK.

Aim: To review the outcome of all antenatally diagnosed conservatively managed congenital lung malformations (CLMs) managed at our centre.

Methods: All patients diagnosed antenatally with cystic lung malformations from 2001 to 2011, at a tertiary referral paediatric surgical centre practising a policy of conservative management of asymptomatic cases, were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from medical case notes and radiology reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304048DOI Listing
May 2014
29 Reads
4 Citations
2.900 Impact Factor

Congenital lobar emphysema: 30-year case series in two university hospitals.

J Bras Pneumol 2013 Jun-Aug;39(4):418-26

Department of Surgery and Orthopedics, São Paulo State University, Botucatu School of Medicine, Botucatu, Brazil.

Objective: To review the cases of patients with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) submitted to surgical treatment at two university hospitals over a 30-year period.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of children with CLE undergoing surgical treatment between 1979 and 2009 at the Botucatu School of Medicine Hospital das Clínicas or the Mogi das Cruzes University Hospital. We analyzed data regarding symptoms, physical examination, radiographic findings, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and postoperative follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132013000400004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4075869PMC
May 2014
23 Reads

Inadvertent chest tube insertion in congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and congenital lobar emphysema-highlighting an important problem.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2013 Jan;23(1):8-14

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Assoc. Kalawati Saran Childrens Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Chest tube insertion in congenital cystic lung lesions is an important problem in children with acute respiratory distress having a cystic lucent lesion on chest radiograph.

Objective: To evaluate the imaging findings and complications in cases of congenital cystic lung lesions with chest tube insertion and suggest the role of appropriate imaging for management of these patients.

Materials And Methods: Chest radiographs and CT scans of children with congenital cystic lung lesions who had inadvertent chest tube insertion preoperatively were retrospectively reviewed for imaging appearances and complications. Read More

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http://www.ijri.org/text.asp?2013/23/1/8/113612
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-3026.113612DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3737621PMC
January 2013
6 Reads

Congenital cystic lung diseases.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2013 30;3. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, India.

Congenital cystic diseases of the lung are a rare but significant cause of morbidity in children and young adults presenting with respiratory distress and repeated chest infections. They consist of cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, and congenital lobar emphysema. Surgical treatment is a safe and an effective method of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2156-7514.106620DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3625881PMC
April 2013
22 Reads

[Congenital pulmonary malformations: clinical, radiological and treatment features].

Tunis Med 2013 Jan;91(1):66-9

Service de chirurgie pédiatrique, hôpital Habib Thameur, Tunis, Tunisie, Faculté de Médecine de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar.

Background: Congenital broncho-pulmonary malformations (CBM) are rare, essentially presented by congenital lobar emphysema, bronchogenic cysts, pulmonary sequestrations and cystic adenomatoid malformations. The diagnosis can be in prenatal. In postnatal, symptoms are variable. Read More

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January 2013
5 Reads

Cystic and cavitary lung lesions in children: radiologic findings with pathologic correlation.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2013 31;3:60. Epub 2013 Dec 31.

Department of Radiology, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

A number of diseases produce focal or multiple thin-walled or thick-walled air- or fluid-containing cysts or cavitary lung lesions in both infants and children. In infants and children, there is a spectrum of focal or multifocal cystic and cavitary lung lesions including congenital lobar emphysema, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, pleuropulmonary blastoma, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, airway diseases, infectious diseases (bacterial infection, fungal infection, etc.), hydatid cysts, destroid lung, and traumatic pseudocyst. Read More

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http://www.clinicalimagingscience.org/text.asp?2013/3/1/60/1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2156-7514.124087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3935260PMC
June 2014
79 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema association with double superior vena cava and horseshoe kidney.

Ann Thorac Surg 2012 Dec;94(6):2131

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.05.038DOI Listing
December 2012
7 Reads

Asymptomatic congenital lobar emphysema in a young adult.

Intern Med 2012 1;51(19):2839-40. Epub 2012 Oct 1.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.51.8466DOI Listing
March 2013
17 Reads

Lobar emphysema with pneumothorax in an adult: report of a case.

Surg Today 2013 May 25;43(5):539-41. Epub 2012 Aug 25.

Department of Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchikamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.

A 31-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital for treatment of a right pneumothorax. She had presented initially with moderate dyspnea and coughing at a local clinic, where a chest radiograph showed a collapsed right lung. Chest computed tomography showed overinflation of the middle lobe and a large bulla. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-012-0291-9DOI Listing
May 2013
4 Reads

[Congenital lung malformations--when to operate?].

Rev Mal Respir 2012 Feb 30;29(2):328-36. Epub 2011 Dec 30.

Service de chirurgie pédiatrique viscérale, université Paris-Descartes, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, 149 rue de Sèvres, Paris, France.

Advances in antenatal imaging over the past 10 years have completely changed diagnosis and management of congenital lung disease, especially for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations and sequestrations that are the two lesions most commonly detected. If early surgical excision is required for symptomatic cases, management of asymptomatic malformations is still discussed. The natural evolution and consequences of later complications of congenital lung malformations need to be compared with the benefits of elective resection and surgical morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2011.06.018DOI Listing
February 2012
4 Reads

The diagnostic value of multislice computed tomography in children with congenital lobar emphysema.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2011 Jul;8(4):435-9

Department of Radiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, 109 Xueyuan Road, Wenzhou, PR China.

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) in children with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE).

Materials & Methods: Seven children with CLE diagnosed by surgery pathology had undergone thin-slice scanning of MSCT, multiplanar reconstruction and volume rendering technique. The diagnostic value of MSCT in children with CLE was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/erd.11.37DOI Listing
July 2011
13 Reads

Expanding upon the unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax in children.

Radiographics 2011 May-Jun;31(3):723-41

Department of Radiology, Section of Pediatric Radiology, C. S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, Mich 48109, USA.

Unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax is a common pediatric chest radiographic finding that may also be seen at computed tomography. It may result from congenital or acquired conditions involving the pulmonary parenchyma, airway, pulmonary vasculature, pleural space, and chest wall, as well as from technical factors such as patient rotation. Unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax has a broad differential diagnosis that includes unilateral emphysematous or bullous disease, pneumatocele, foreign body aspiration, Swyer-James syndrome, congenital lobar emphysema, endobronchial mass, unilateral pulmonary agenesis, proximal interruption of the pulmonary artery, scimitar syndrome, diaphragmatic hernia, and Poland syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.313105132DOI Listing
September 2011
20 Reads

Preoperative MDCT evaluation of congenital lung anomalies in children: comparison of axial, multiplanar, and 3D images.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2011 May;196(5):1040-6

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, MA 02115, USA.

Objective: The objective of our study was to compare the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of axial, multiplanar, and 3D MDCT images for evaluating congenital lung anomalies in pediatric patients and to assess the potential added diagnostic value of multiplanar and 3D MDCT images in this setting.

Materials And Methods: We used our hospital information system to identify all consecutive pediatric patients younger than 18 years who had undergone preoperative MDCT angiography and had a pathologically proven congenital lung anomaly between June 2005 and February 2010. Each MDCT examination was reviewed independently by two experienced pediatric radiologists for the types, location, associated mass effect, and associated anomalous vessels of congenital lung anomalies on axial, multiplanar, and 3D MDCT images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.10.5357DOI Listing
May 2011
6 Reads

Imaging diagnosis--Congenital lobar emphysema in a dog.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2011 Jan-Feb;52(1):79-81

Section of Diagnostic Imaging, Louisiana State University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

A 14-week-old female West Highland White Terrier developed acute dyspnea. Radiographically there was an enlarged, hyperlucent caudal portion of the left cranial lung lobe and a diffuse, severe interstitial-to-alveolar pattern in the remaining lung lobes that was accentuated caudodorsally. Computed tomography confirmed the presence of the emphysematous lobe and further showed it to have focal lobar bronchial collapse. Read More

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March 2011
16 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema associated with polysplenia syndrome.

Ann Saudi Med 2010 Nov-Dec;30(6):482-4

Shri Maharaja Hari Singh Hospital, Kashmir, India.

Polysplenia, or left isomerism, is a rare heterotaxy syndrome characterized by bilateral bi-lobed lungs, bilateral pulmonary atria, a symmetrical midline liver, and multiple aberrant splenic nodules. We report a case of polysplenia associated with congenital lobar emphysema apart from other typical anomalies. Such an association has not been previously reported. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2994168PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0256-4947.70573DOI Listing
March 2011
9 Reads
2 Citations
0.705 Impact Factor

Evaluation of early and late complications in patients with congenital lobar emphysema: a 12 year experience.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2010 Sep-Dec;7(3):144-6

Trauma Research Centre, Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), Iran.

Background: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is characterised by over distension of one lobe and pressure on the adjacent lobe and mediastinum. In this study, we review the pathological results of our paediatric patients with CLE, highlighting the early and late complications that occurred in these patients.

Patients And Methods: In a prospective study from 1996 to 2008, we evaluated 30 patients with CLE diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.70412DOI Listing
October 2010
6 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema: is surgery routinely necessary?

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2010 Jan-Apr;7(1):36-7

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Regional Education and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey.

Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare congenital abnormality characterised by overinflation of a pulmonary lobe. Its aetiology is unknown. The management of CLE has traditionally been surgical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.59360DOI Listing
April 2010
10 Reads

[Cystic pulmonary malformations: clinical and radiological polymorphism. A report on 30 cases].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2009 Dec 30;65(6):333-40. Epub 2009 Oct 30.

Service médecine infantile A, hôpital d'Enfants Bab Saadoun-Jabbary, CP 1007 Tunis, Tunisie.

Objectives: This report describes different clinical pictures of cystic pulmonary malformation (CPM) and problems in diagnosis.

Patients And Methods: Cases of CPM between 01 January 1994 and 31 December 2004 diagnosed in our institution were reviewed.

Results: Thirty-three cases of CPM were diagnosed in 30 children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pneumo.2009.08.002DOI Listing
December 2009
9 Reads