179 results match your criteria Imaging in Congenital Lobar Emphysema


Congenital Lobar Overinflation: A Rare Enigmatic Lung Lesion on Prenatal Ultrasound and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

J Ultrasound Med 2019 May 12;38(5):1229-1239. Epub 2018 Sep 12.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Objectives: To report the ultrasound (US) features in prenatal cases of suspected congenital pulmonary airway malformation or unspecified lung lesions with a final surgical pathologic diagnosis of congenital lobar overinflation (CLO).

Methods: Institutional Review Board-approved radiology and clinical database searches from 2001 to 2017 were performed for prenatally diagnosed lung lesions with a final diagnosis of CLO. All patients had detailed US examinations in addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jum.14801DOI Listing
May 2019
5 Reads

Thoracoscopic Lobectomy for Congenital Lung Lesions.

Clin Perinatol 2017 12 28;44(4):781-794. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of CA - San Francisco, 550 16th Street, 5th Floor, UCSF Box 0570, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.

Congenital lung lesions (CLLs) comprise a heterogeneous group of developmental and histologic entities often diagnosed on screening prenatal ultrasound. Most fetuses with CLL are asymptomatic at birth; however, the risk of malignancy and infection drives the decision to prophylactically resect these lesions. The authors describe their approach to minimally invasive lobectomy in children with CLLs, postoperative care, and management of procedure-specific complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clp.2017.08.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5967626PMC
December 2017
6 Reads

Near Complete Obliteration of the Left Hemithorax by Congenital Lobar Emphysema in an Adult.

Ann Thorac Surg 2017 Nov;104(5):e367-e369

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare pulmonary malformation typically diagnosed during infancy and is characterized by bullous disease. A 28-year-old woman, who presented with 1 week of progressive dyspnea and chest pain, was found to have left hemithoracic lung hyperinflation with perfusion deficit upon radiographic evaluation. Bullous disease was found intraoperatively to originate from 1 lower lobe segment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2017.06.068DOI Listing
November 2017
8 Reads

Pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis associated with a spectrum of neonatal pulmonary disorders.

Hum Pathol 2017 10 2;68:154-165. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

Division of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T 1W7, Canada.

Primary or isolated pulmonary interstitial glycogenosis (PIG) is a rare disease presenting as tachypnea and hypoxemia during the perinatal period. A diffuse interstitial infiltrate with focal hyperinflation is visible on chest imaging. The biopsy findings include diffuse expansion of the interstitium by spindle-shaped cells with pale cytoplasm that, on electron microscopy (EM), are poorly differentiated mesenchymal cells containing abundant monoparticulate glycogen. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2017.06.026DOI Listing
October 2017
14 Reads
2.769 Impact Factor

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lobar fluid overload.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2017 Aug;56(4):425-431

Department of Radiology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; MacKay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Prenatal congenital lobar fluid overload (CLFO), which was first described by Ramsay and Byron, is identical to postnatal congenital lobar overinflation. It is characterized by progressive lobar overexpansion that compresses the other adjacent lung lobes. The underlying cause can be an intrinsic cartilaginous abnormality or an extrinsic airway compression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tjog.2017.05.001DOI Listing
August 2017
8 Reads

Case 1: Persistent Tachypnea in an Infant.

Pediatr Rev 2017 Jul;38(7):330-331

Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.

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http://pedsinreview.aappublications.org/lookup/doi/10.1542/p
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/pir.2016-0027DOI Listing
July 2017
7 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema in a kitten.

J Small Anim Pract 2017 Nov 28;58(11):659-663. Epub 2017 Mar 28.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, B-9820 Merelbeke, Belgium.

A five-month-old ragdoll cat presented with severe respiratory signs, unresponsive to medical therapy. Hyperinflation of the right middle lung lobe was diagnosed with radiography and computed tomography. Lung lobectomy following a median sternotomy led to full recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jsap.12668DOI Listing
November 2017
1 Read

Prenatal diagnosis, 3-D virtual rendering and lung sparing surgery by ligasure device in a baby with "CCAM and intralobar pulmonary sequestration".

Open Med (Wars) 2016 23;11(1):200-203. Epub 2016 Jun 23.

Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Medical, Surgical and Neurological Sciences, University of Siena, Italy.

Congenital cystic lung lesions are a rare but clinically significant group of anomalies, including congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM), pulmonary sequestration, congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) and bronchogenic cysts. Despite the knowledge of these lesions increasing in the last years, some aspects are still debated and controversial. The diagnosis is certainly one aspect which underwent many changes in the last 15 years due to the improvement of antenatal scan and the introduction of 3-D reconstruction techniques. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/med-2016-0038DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5329825PMC
June 2016
15 Reads

Bilateral congenital lobar emphysema: staged management.

J Pediatr Surg 2017 Sep 31;52(9):1442-1445. Epub 2017 Jan 31.

Division of Pediatric General, Thoracic and Fetal Surgery, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, 3401 Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Only a few isolated cases in the literature exist to guide management of bilateral congenital lobar emphysema (CLE). Here, we review our experience in infants with bilateral CLE.

Methods: A case series of all infants presenting with bilateral CLE from 2014 to 2015 in a single institution. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2017.01.056DOI Listing
September 2017
24 Reads

Imaging of congenital pulmonary malformations.

Acta Biomed 2016 07 28;87 Suppl 3:45-50. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

Department of Surgical Sciences, Section of Radiological Sciences, University of Parma, Parma Hospital, Parma, Italy.

Congenital pulmonary malformations represent a broad spectrum of anomalies that may result in varied clinical and pathologic pictures, ranging from recurrent pulmonary infections and acute respiratory distress syndrome, which require timely drug therapy, up to large space-occupying lesions needing surgical treatment. This classification includes three distinct anatomical and pathological entities, represented by Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation, Bronchopulmonary Sequestration and Congenital Lobar Emphysema. The final result in terms of embryological and fetal development of these alterations is a Congenital Lung Hypoplasia. Read More

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July 2016
12 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema. A rare cause of hypertension.

Saudi Med J 2016 Jul;37(7):796-8

Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Ankara University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail.

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare disease, which is characterized by pulmoner hyperinflation. Depending on the degree of bronchial obstruction, the clinical presentation may be variable. We report a rare case with congenital lobar emphysema in a 38-days-old male infant who presented with severe respiratory distress and hypertension. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.15537/smj.2016.7.13407DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5018646PMC
July 2016
40 Reads

Congenital Lobar Emphysema in an Adult.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2016 Aug;194(3):377-8

1 Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201602-0289IMDOI Listing
August 2016
15 Reads

An 18-year-old man with recurrent pneumothorax since he was 10-year-old.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2016 12 3;51(12):E41-E43. Epub 2016 Jun 3.

Department of Paediatric Pulmonology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

An 18-year-old male patient was referred to the department of pediatric pulmonology with a history of recurrent pneumothorax. Initial pneumothorax occurred at the age of 10. Following diagnosis of congenital lobar emphysema, he had five episodes of pneumothorax and subsequently underwent right-lower lobe anterobasal segmentectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ppul.23496DOI Listing
December 2016
3 Reads

Answers to Epilogue questions.

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed 2016 Jun;101(3):166-7

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-308936aDOI Listing
June 2016
5 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema concurrent with pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum in a dog.

J Vet Med Sci 2016 Jun 9;78(5):909-12. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Department of Veterinary Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701, Republic of Korea.

A two-year-old castrated male Pomeranian dog was referred with the chief complaints of coughing and subcutaneous emphysema. On physical examination, the crepitant areas were palpable. When auscultated, the right chest was absent of respiratory sound, while the sound of the opposite side was enhanced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1292/jvms.15-0362DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4905854PMC
June 2016
5 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema.

J Pak Med Assoc 2016 Feb;66(2):210-2

Liaquat National Hospital, Institute for Postgraduate Medical Studies and Health Science, Karachi, Pakistan.

Congenital lobar emphysema is a rare variety of congenital malformation of lung characterized by over distension of a lobe of the lung due to partial obstruction of the bronchus. It is one of the rare causes of infantile respiratory distress requiring surgical resection of affected lobe. We are reporting the case of an 8-week-old baby who presented with respiratory distress related to CLE affecting the left upper lobe. Read More

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February 2016
7 Reads

Thoracoscopic Vs open resection of congenital cystic lung disease- utilization and outcomes in 1120 children in the United States.

J Pediatr Surg 2016 Jul 12;51(7):1101-5. Epub 2015 Dec 12.

Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine if utilization of thoracoscopic resection of congenital cystic lung disease (CLD) is increasing and if this approach is associated with improved outcomes using a large national sample.

Methods: Children ≤20years old who underwent resection of a congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestration, or bronchogenic cyst were identified from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (2009, 2012) and Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2008, 2010-2011). Patient characteristics and outcomes were compared between thoracoscopic and open approaches using univariate and multivariable analyses stratified by magnitude of resection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.12.004DOI Listing
July 2016
14 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema presenting as an airway foreign body.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2015 Dec 13;79(12):2450-2. Epub 2015 Oct 13.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of the Canton of Vaud (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland.

We report here the case of a 15 months old girl presenting with clinical signs and radiological exams highly suggestive of a foreign body (FB) aspiration. Diagnostic endoscopy revealed an overlooked bronchial malformation responsible for a congenital lobar emphysema (CLE). CLE presenting after one year of age is rare and can easily be misdiagnosed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.09.042DOI Listing
December 2015
9 Reads

Unilateral Obstructive Emphysema in Infancy due to Mediastinal Bronchogenic Cyst-Diagnostic Challenge and Management.

J Clin Diagn Res 2015 May 1;9(5):TD03-5. Epub 2015 May 1.

Resident, Department of Pediatrics, Christian Medical College , Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India .

Bronchogenic cysts are the most common cystic mediastinal lesion in children. Bronchogenic cyst causing unilateral obstructive emphysema is a rare presentation. We report the case of a one and half month old infant who presented with respiratory distress which was initially suspected as left pneumothorax on frontal chest radiograph but was later found to be due to hyperinflated left lung and hence the possibility of congenital lobar emphysema was considered. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2015/13463.5872DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4484122PMC
May 2015
11 Reads

Pulmonary imaging abnormalities in an adult case of congenital lobar emphysema.

J Radiol Case Rep 2015 Feb 28;9(2):9-15. Epub 2015 Feb 28.

Imaging Research Laboratories, Robarts Research Institute, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada ; Department of Medical Biophysics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada ; Department of Medical Imaging, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Congenital lobar emphysema is mainly diagnosed in infants, although rare cases are reported in adults. A 20-yr-old female with acute dyspnea, chest pain and left upper lobe (LUL) chest x-ray hyperlucency underwent 3He magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for ventilation and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements, as well as CT for emphysema and airway wall measurements. Forced expiratory volume in 1s, residual volume, and airways-resistance were abnormal, but there was normal carbon-monoxide-diffusing-capacity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3941/jrcr.v9i2.2048DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4391802PMC
February 2015
4 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema in a Nigerian neonate: a rare cause of neonatal respiratory distress.

Nig Q J Hosp Med 2013 Apr-Jun;23(2):114-6

Department of Cardiology, Lagoon Hospital, Apapa, Lagos.

Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a notable cause of respiratory distress in neonates, however it remains a diagnostic challenge due to inadequate facilities and low level of experience. The management of this condition also is a bigger challenge due to paucity of expertise and relatively non-existent well-equiped neonatal intensive care unit in this part of the world. Here we present the case of a 5- day old baby who presented at Lagoon Hospital, Apapa with history of severe respiratory distress since birth. Read More

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April 2014
6 Reads

Conservative management of antenatally diagnosed cystic lung malformations.

Arch Dis Child 2014 May 9;99(5):432-7. Epub 2014 Jan 9.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust, , Southampton, UK.

Aim: To review the outcome of all antenatally diagnosed conservatively managed congenital lung malformations (CLMs) managed at our centre.

Methods: All patients diagnosed antenatally with cystic lung malformations from 2001 to 2011, at a tertiary referral paediatric surgical centre practising a policy of conservative management of asymptomatic cases, were retrospectively reviewed. Data were collected from medical case notes and radiology reports. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-304048DOI Listing
May 2014
5 Reads
4 Citations
2.900 Impact Factor

Congenital lobar emphysema: 30-year case series in two university hospitals.

J Bras Pneumol 2013 Jun-Aug;39(4):418-26

Department of Surgery and Orthopedics, São Paulo State University, Botucatu School of Medicine, Botucatu, Brazil.

Objective: To review the cases of patients with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) submitted to surgical treatment at two university hospitals over a 30-year period.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of children with CLE undergoing surgical treatment between 1979 and 2009 at the Botucatu School of Medicine Hospital das Clínicas or the Mogi das Cruzes University Hospital. We analyzed data regarding symptoms, physical examination, radiographic findings, diagnosis, surgical treatment, and postoperative follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132013000400004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4075869PMC
May 2014
1 Read

Inadvertent chest tube insertion in congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation and congenital lobar emphysema-highlighting an important problem.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2013 Jan;23(1):8-14

Department of Radiodiagnosis, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Assoc. Kalawati Saran Childrens Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Background: Chest tube insertion in congenital cystic lung lesions is an important problem in children with acute respiratory distress having a cystic lucent lesion on chest radiograph.

Objective: To evaluate the imaging findings and complications in cases of congenital cystic lung lesions with chest tube insertion and suggest the role of appropriate imaging for management of these patients.

Materials And Methods: Chest radiographs and CT scans of children with congenital cystic lung lesions who had inadvertent chest tube insertion preoperatively were retrospectively reviewed for imaging appearances and complications. Read More

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http://www.ijri.org/text.asp?2013/23/1/8/113612
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-3026.113612DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3737621PMC
January 2013
3 Reads

Congenital cystic lung diseases.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2013 30;3. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Department of Radiodiagnosis, M.S. Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, India.

Congenital cystic diseases of the lung are a rare but significant cause of morbidity in children and young adults presenting with respiratory distress and repeated chest infections. They consist of cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, and congenital lobar emphysema. Surgical treatment is a safe and an effective method of treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2156-7514.106620DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3625881PMC
April 2013
3 Reads

[Congenital pulmonary malformations: clinical, radiological and treatment features].

Tunis Med 2013 Jan;91(1):66-9

Service de chirurgie pédiatrique, hôpital Habib Thameur, Tunis, Tunisie, Faculté de Médecine de Tunis, Université Tunis El Manar.

Background: Congenital broncho-pulmonary malformations (CBM) are rare, essentially presented by congenital lobar emphysema, bronchogenic cysts, pulmonary sequestrations and cystic adenomatoid malformations. The diagnosis can be in prenatal. In postnatal, symptoms are variable. Read More

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January 2013
2 Reads

Cystic and cavitary lung lesions in children: radiologic findings with pathologic correlation.

J Clin Imaging Sci 2013 31;3:60. Epub 2013 Dec 31.

Department of Radiology, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

A number of diseases produce focal or multiple thin-walled or thick-walled air- or fluid-containing cysts or cavitary lung lesions in both infants and children. In infants and children, there is a spectrum of focal or multifocal cystic and cavitary lung lesions including congenital lobar emphysema, congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, pleuropulmonary blastoma, bronchogenic cyst, pulmonary sequestration, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, airway diseases, infectious diseases (bacterial infection, fungal infection, etc.), hydatid cysts, destroid lung, and traumatic pseudocyst. Read More

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http://www.clinicalimagingscience.org/text.asp?2013/3/1/60/1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2156-7514.124087DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3935260PMC
June 2014
35 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema association with double superior vena cava and horseshoe kidney.

Ann Thorac Surg 2012 Dec;94(6):2131

Department of Radiology, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.05.038DOI Listing
December 2012
3 Reads

Asymptomatic congenital lobar emphysema in a young adult.

Intern Med 2012 1;51(19):2839-40. Epub 2012 Oct 1.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, Japan.

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March 2013
2 Reads

Lobar emphysema with pneumothorax in an adult: report of a case.

Surg Today 2013 May 25;43(5):539-41. Epub 2012 Aug 25.

Department of Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchikamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-8610, Japan.

A 31-year-old woman was transferred to our hospital for treatment of a right pneumothorax. She had presented initially with moderate dyspnea and coughing at a local clinic, where a chest radiograph showed a collapsed right lung. Chest computed tomography showed overinflation of the middle lobe and a large bulla. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00595-012-0291-9DOI Listing
May 2013
2 Reads

[Congenital lung malformations--when to operate?].

Rev Mal Respir 2012 Feb 30;29(2):328-36. Epub 2011 Dec 30.

Service de chirurgie pédiatrique viscérale, université Paris-Descartes, hôpital Necker-Enfants-Malades, 149 rue de Sèvres, Paris, France.

Advances in antenatal imaging over the past 10 years have completely changed diagnosis and management of congenital lung disease, especially for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations and sequestrations that are the two lesions most commonly detected. If early surgical excision is required for symptomatic cases, management of asymptomatic malformations is still discussed. The natural evolution and consequences of later complications of congenital lung malformations need to be compared with the benefits of elective resection and surgical morbidity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmr.2011.06.018DOI Listing
February 2012
2 Reads

The diagnostic value of multislice computed tomography in children with congenital lobar emphysema.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2011 Jul;8(4):435-9

Department of Radiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital & Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College, 109 Xueyuan Road, Wenzhou, PR China.

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) in children with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE).

Materials & Methods: Seven children with CLE diagnosed by surgery pathology had undergone thin-slice scanning of MSCT, multiplanar reconstruction and volume rendering technique. The diagnostic value of MSCT in children with CLE was evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1586/erd.11.37DOI Listing
July 2011
6 Reads

Expanding upon the unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax in children.

Radiographics 2011 May-Jun;31(3):723-41

Department of Radiology, Section of Pediatric Radiology, C. S. Mott Children's Hospital, University of Michigan Health System, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, Ann Arbor, Mich 48109, USA.

Unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax is a common pediatric chest radiographic finding that may also be seen at computed tomography. It may result from congenital or acquired conditions involving the pulmonary parenchyma, airway, pulmonary vasculature, pleural space, and chest wall, as well as from technical factors such as patient rotation. Unilateral hyperlucent hemithorax has a broad differential diagnosis that includes unilateral emphysematous or bullous disease, pneumatocele, foreign body aspiration, Swyer-James syndrome, congenital lobar emphysema, endobronchial mass, unilateral pulmonary agenesis, proximal interruption of the pulmonary artery, scimitar syndrome, diaphragmatic hernia, and Poland syndrome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/rg.313105132DOI Listing
September 2011
9 Reads

Preoperative MDCT evaluation of congenital lung anomalies in children: comparison of axial, multiplanar, and 3D images.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2011 May;196(5):1040-6

Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, MA 02115, USA.

Objective: The objective of our study was to compare the preoperative diagnostic accuracy of axial, multiplanar, and 3D MDCT images for evaluating congenital lung anomalies in pediatric patients and to assess the potential added diagnostic value of multiplanar and 3D MDCT images in this setting.

Materials And Methods: We used our hospital information system to identify all consecutive pediatric patients younger than 18 years who had undergone preoperative MDCT angiography and had a pathologically proven congenital lung anomaly between June 2005 and February 2010. Each MDCT examination was reviewed independently by two experienced pediatric radiologists for the types, location, associated mass effect, and associated anomalous vessels of congenital lung anomalies on axial, multiplanar, and 3D MDCT images. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2214/AJR.10.5357DOI Listing
May 2011
3 Reads

Imaging diagnosis--Congenital lobar emphysema in a dog.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2011 Jan-Feb;52(1):79-81

Section of Diagnostic Imaging, Louisiana State University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

A 14-week-old female West Highland White Terrier developed acute dyspnea. Radiographically there was an enlarged, hyperlucent caudal portion of the left cranial lung lobe and a diffuse, severe interstitial-to-alveolar pattern in the remaining lung lobes that was accentuated caudodorsally. Computed tomography confirmed the presence of the emphysematous lobe and further showed it to have focal lobar bronchial collapse. Read More

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March 2011
9 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema associated with polysplenia syndrome.

Ann Saudi Med 2010 Nov-Dec;30(6):482-4

Shri Maharaja Hari Singh Hospital, Kashmir, India.

Polysplenia, or left isomerism, is a rare heterotaxy syndrome characterized by bilateral bi-lobed lungs, bilateral pulmonary atria, a symmetrical midline liver, and multiple aberrant splenic nodules. We report a case of polysplenia associated with congenital lobar emphysema apart from other typical anomalies. Such an association has not been previously reported. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2994168PMC
March 2011
4 Reads
2 Citations
0.705 Impact Factor

Evaluation of early and late complications in patients with congenital lobar emphysema: a 12 year experience.

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2010 Sep-Dec;7(3):144-6

Trauma Research Centre, Kashan University of Medical Sciences (KAUMS), Iran.

Background: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is characterised by over distension of one lobe and pressure on the adjacent lobe and mediastinum. In this study, we review the pathological results of our paediatric patients with CLE, highlighting the early and late complications that occurred in these patients.

Patients And Methods: In a prospective study from 1996 to 2008, we evaluated 30 patients with CLE diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.70412DOI Listing
October 2010
3 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema: is surgery routinely necessary?

Afr J Paediatr Surg 2010 Jan-Apr;7(1):36-7

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Regional Education and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey.

Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare congenital abnormality characterised by overinflation of a pulmonary lobe. Its aetiology is unknown. The management of CLE has traditionally been surgical. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0189-6725.59360DOI Listing
April 2010
4 Reads

[Cystic pulmonary malformations: clinical and radiological polymorphism. A report on 30 cases].

Rev Pneumol Clin 2009 Dec 30;65(6):333-40. Epub 2009 Oct 30.

Service médecine infantile A, hôpital d'Enfants Bab Saadoun-Jabbary, CP 1007 Tunis, Tunisie.

Objectives: This report describes different clinical pictures of cystic pulmonary malformation (CPM) and problems in diagnosis.

Patients And Methods: Cases of CPM between 01 January 1994 and 31 December 2004 diagnosed in our institution were reviewed.

Results: Thirty-three cases of CPM were diagnosed in 30 children. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pneumo.2009.08.002DOI Listing
December 2009
6 Reads

Hyperechoic congenital lung lesions in a non-selected population: from prenatal detection till perinatal management.

Prenat Diagn 2009 Dec;29(13):1222-30

CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex, France.

Objective: To present longitudinal observations of hyperechoic lung lesions (HLL) in a non-selected population from the time of prenatal diagnosis by ultrasound (US) until postnatal surgery.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of all fetuses diagnosed with an HLL between 1990 and 2005 in our Fetal Medicine Unit.

Results: We observed 21 cases of HLL. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pd.2407DOI Listing
December 2009
11 Reads

Prenatal diagnosis of congenital lobar emphysema: case report and review of the literature.

J Ultrasound Med 2009 Aug;28(8):1081-4

Ultrasound Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, PO Box 151, 84101 Beer-Sheva, Israel.

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August 2009
3 Reads

Two further cases supporting nonsurgical management in congenital lobar emphysema.

Klin Padiatr 2009 Jul-Aug;221(4):232-6

Department of Paediatric Cardiology and Pneumology, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany.

Background: For decades, the well-established standard recommended treatment for patients with congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) and respiratory distress has been lobectomy of the affected lobe or lobes, whereas indications for conservative management have been controversially discussed.

Patients/methods: Description of the clinical courses including the results of diagnostic procedures and the resulting therapeutic strategies in 2 patients with congenital lobar emphysema. We review the literature on conservatively treated patients with congenital lobar emphysema. Read More

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November 2009
4 Reads

Congenital bronchopulmonary malformations: a single-center experience and a review of literature.

Ann Thorac Med 2008 Oct;3(4):135-9

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Sir Padampat Mother and Child Health Institute, (JayKayLon Hospital), S.M.S. Medical College, Jaipur-302 004, Rajasthan, India.

Purpose: To present a single-center experience with 25 cases of bronchopulmonary malformations and the review the literature.

Materials And Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of patients with congenital bronchopulmonary malformations who were operated between July 1997 and July 2007 in our institute; we examined the modes of presentations, management, and outcome. Outcome of all patients was assessed over a short follow-up period (average 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1817-1737.43080DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2700447PMC
October 2008
4 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema: differential diagnosis and therapeutic approach.

Pediatr Int 2008 Oct;50(5):658-61

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Dicle University School of Medicine, Diyarbakir, Turkey.

Background: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare anomaly of lung development that usually presents in the neonatal period with respirator distress and pulmonary lobar hyperinflation. It is commonly confused with pneumothorax. The aim of the present paper was to review the authors' experience in order to emphasize the importance of differential diagnosis with pneumothorax. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-200X.2008.02630.xDOI Listing
October 2008
2 Reads

Bronchogenic cyst: an uncommon cause of congenital lobar emphysema.

Respir Med 2008 Nov 28;102(11):1663-6. Epub 2008 Aug 28.

Medicine A Department, Children's Hospital of Tunis, Bab Saadoun 1007, Jabbari Tunis, Tunisia.

We report a case of a 1-month-old boy who has developed respiratory distress. Chest X-ray and CT scan showed over distension of the left upper lobe and a mediastinal shift in favour of congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) of the left upper lobe. One month after uneventful lobectomy, he was readmitted at hospital for another episode of respiratory distress. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rmed.2008.07.001DOI Listing
November 2008
6 Reads

Congenital lobar emphysema: appearance on fetal MRI.

Pediatr Radiol 2008 Nov 26;38(11):1264. Epub 2008 Aug 26.

Department of Radiology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00247-008-0985-8DOI Listing
November 2008
1 Read

Congenital lobar emphysema.

Ann Saudi Med 2008 Jul-Aug;28(4):310

Department of Neonatology and Pediatrics, Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Soura, Srinagar.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074357PMC
January 2009
4 Reads
0.705 Impact Factor

[Congenital lobar emphysema: a rare etiology of hyperechoic lung].

Gynecol Obstet Fertil 2008 May 6;36(5):529-31. Epub 2008 May 6.

Pôle gynécologie-obstétrique-reproduction humaine, hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, boulevard Léon-Malfreyt, 63003 Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Lobar congenital emphysema is a rare pulmonary malformation corresponding to progressive overinflation of a pulmonary lobe secondary to partial bronchial obstruction. Prenatal diagnosis is mainly based on lung hyperechoic area. Sonographic features are not specific highlighting the interest of fetal MRI or postnatal tomodensitometry. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gyobfe.2007.12.021DOI Listing
May 2008
2 Reads

Congenital cystic lung disease: contemporary antenatal and postnatal management.

Pediatr Surg Int 2008 Jun 5;24(6):643-57. Epub 2008 Apr 5.

Fetal Care Center of Cincinnati, Division of Thoracic and General Pediatric Surgery, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Ave, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.

Congenital cystic lung disease comprises a broad spectrum of rare but clinically significant developmental abnormalities, including congenital pulmonary adenomatoid malformations, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, bronchogenic cysts, and congenital lobar emphysema that result from perturbations in lung and airway embryogenesis. As congenital lung lesions are now more commonly recognized antenatally, mothers require accurate prenatal counseling and appropriate perinatal management. In light of long-term complications of infection and malignancy, there is growing consensus that infants with asymptomatic lesions should undergo elective excision of congenital pulmonary adenomatoid malformation (CPAM) or bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00383-008-2139-3DOI Listing
June 2008
3 Reads