2,528 results match your criteria Imaging in Bacterial Meningitis


Rheumatoid meningitis: a rare cause of unilateral pachymeningitis.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Apr 3;12(4). Epub 2019 Apr 3.

Internal Medicine Services, Ballarat Health Services, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia.

An 87-year-old woman with quiescent rheumatoid arthritis, not on immunosuppressive therapy, presented with unilateral arm weakness, confusion and visual hallucinations. There were no infective symptoms or history of malignancy. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis demonstrated lymphocytosis and raised protein, without flow cytometric or cytological abnormalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227905DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Life-threating complication of parapharyngeal abscess and mediastinitis in a 10-year-old otherwise healthy girl following elective tonsillectomy - first reported paediatric case.

J Laryngol Otol 2019 Feb;133(2):161-163

Department of Oto-rhino-laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery,Copenhagen University Hospital,Denmark.

Background: Parapharyngeal abscess and mediastinitis are rare but very severe post-operative complications following an elective tonsillectomy. Parapharyngeal abscess as a complication to tonsilectomy is very seldom described in the literature and no cases in the paediatric population have been described.Case reportThis paper presents, to our knowledge, the first case of life-threatening parapharyngeal abscess and mediastinitis following elective adenotonsillectomy in an otherwise healthy, fully vaccinated 10-year-old girl. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022215119000021DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Bacterial meningitis and cauda equina syndrome after trans-sacral epiduroscopic laser decompression: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Mar;98(11):e14874

Professor, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Republic of Korea.

Rationale: Trans-sacral epiduroscopic laser decompression (SELD) is a noninvasive pain-relieving procedure for treatment of herniated lumbar disc (HLD), and is known to have positive effects in alleviating lower back pain or radicular leg pain after HLD. However, little is known about the possible complications of SELD.

Patient Concerns: A 51-year-old woman received SELD with a holmium:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser for controlling radicular pain due to HLD on L5-S1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014874DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6426585PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Cerebral Vasculitis Complicating Pneumococcal Meningitis.

Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 2018 25;5(5):000819. Epub 2018 May 25.

Medical Intensive Care Unit, Farhat Hached Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.

Introduction: Cerebral vasculitis is an uncommon life-threatening complication of community-acquired bacterial meningitis.

Patient And Methods: We report the case of a 64-year-old woman with pneumococcal meningitis who developed parainfectious vasculitis causing ischaemic brain damage. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed the diagnosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12890/2018_000819DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6346924PMC
May 2018
1 Read

Suspected bacterial meningoencephalomyelitis as the trigger or presentation of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder flare.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2019 May 1;30:38-41. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Neurology Department, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28# Fuxing Road, Beijing, People's Republic of China; Medical School of Nankai University, 29# Weijing Road, Tianjin, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Background: Suspected bacterial meningoencephalomyelitis as the presentation or trigger of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) flare has not been reported in literature.

Case Presentation: A 29 year old female, who has a history of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) for 6 years, presented with symptoms of meningitits, encephalitis, myelitis, headache and fever. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed pleocytosis (1131 × 10/L [83% neutrophils]) and a glucose level of 39. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2019.01.050DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

[Cranial computed tomography, lumbar puncture and clinical deterioration in bacterial meningitis: a nationwide cohort study].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2019 Feb 7;163. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Amsterdamse UMC, afd. Neurologie, locatie AMC.

Background: Investigate how often cerebral herniation occurs following lumbar puncture (LP) in patients with bacterial meningitis, and whether cranial computed tomography (CT) can be used to identify patients at a higher risk of cerebral herniation.

Study Design: Prospective, nationwide cohort study covering the period March 2006 - November 2014.

Method: We identified patients with community-acquired bacterial meningitis who showed signs of clinical deterioration, possibly caused by LP. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

[CT in patients suspected of bacterial meningitis? First antibiotics!]

Authors:
Korné Jellema

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2019 Feb 7;163. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Haaglanden Medisch Centrum, afd. Neurologie, Den Haag.

A lumbar puncture (LP) is often essential for the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. An LP can worsen brain displacement in case of a space-occupying lesion. Therefore, in selected patients a CT scan of the brain is made prior to performing the LP. Read More

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February 2019
1 Read

Seizures in Children with HIV infection in South Africa: A retrospective case control study.

Seizure 2019 Feb 28;65:159-165. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

University of Cape Town Neuroscience Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, Anzio Road, Observatory, Cape Town 7295 South Africa; Division of Developmental Paediatrics, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, University of Cape Town, Klipfontein Road, Rondebosch, Cape Town, 7700 South Africa. Electronic address:

Purpose: Data relating to the role that Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) contributes towards seizures in HIV-infected children is limited. The management of seizures in this group is complex due to potential interactions between antiseizure medication and antiretroviral therapies. This study explores the seizure semiology and course of a population of affected children based on questions raised from a previous epidemiological study. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S10591311183041
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seizure.2019.01.023DOI Listing
February 2019
12 Reads

Acute Bilateral Oculomotor Nerve Palsy in an Adult Patient with Neisseria meningitidis.

Intern Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Cardiology, Komaki City Hospital, Japan.

A 69-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a fever, dizziness, and headache caused by Neisseria meningitidis. After ceftriaxone was administered, she suddenly developed bilateral oculomotor nerve palsy. Intra-orbital magnetic resonance imaging using appropriate sequences revealed that her bilateral third intracranial nerves were enlarged and enhanced. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2098-18DOI Listing
February 2019
9 Reads

Recurrent Chemical Meningitis Due to Parasellar Epidermoid Cyst.

Cureus 2018 Oct 25;10(10):e3496. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Neurology, Harbor University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA.

Intracranial epidermoid cysts are exceedingly rare lesions that result from a disorder of gastrulation. They are seen only in the pediatric patient population. We describe a 44-year-old Hispanic woman who presented with acute confusion. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/15574-recurrent-chemical-men
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3496DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6318134PMC
October 2018
10 Reads

Emerging Infection with in Neonate. A Case Report.

J Crit Care Med (Targu Mures) 2018 Jul 1;4(3):96-100. Epub 2018 Jul 1.

"Dunarea de Jos" University, Medicine and Pharmacy Research Centre, Galati Romania.

Background: are Gram-negative rod bacteria which are commonly found in the environment. The bacteria have also been associated with nosocomial infections, having been isolated on contaminated medical equipment, especially in neonatal wards.

Case Report: Here, we present the case of a premature female infant born at 33 weeks' gestational age, with neonatal meningitis. Read More

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http://content.sciendo.com/view/journals/jccm/4/3/article-p9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jccm-2018-0013DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6294984PMC
July 2018
14 Reads

Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca meningitis in infants. Epidemiological and clinical features.

Arch Pediatr 2019 Jan 14;26(1):12-15. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Service de pédiatrie, hôpitaux universitaires Paris Seine-Saint-Denis (HUPSSD) site Jean Verdier, université Paris XIII, AP-HP, avenue du 14 Juillet, 93140 Bondy, France; Groupe de pathologie infectieuse pédiatrique, 57, avenue de la Californie, 06200 Nice, France. Electronic address:

Background: The incidence of meningitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kp) and Klebsiella oxytoca (Ko) in high-income countries is unknown, and no series have been published to date.

Methods: We conducted a nationwide multicenter observational study in France between 2006 and 2016. All children from the French national registry for paediatric bacterial meningitis under the age of 1 year and hospitalized for Kp or Ko meningitis were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arcped.2018.09.013DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Medical Referral Patterns and Etiologies for Children With Mild-to-Severe Hearing Loss.

Ear Hear 2018 Dec 6. Epub 2018 Dec 6.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Objectives: To (1) identify the etiologies and risk factors of the patient cohort and determine the degree to which they reflected the incidence for children with hearing loss and (2) quantify practice management patterns in three catchment areas of the United States with available centers of excellence in pediatric hearing loss.

Design: Medical information for 307 children with bilateral, mild-to-severe hearing loss was examined retrospectively. Children were participants in the Outcomes of Children with Hearing Loss (OCHL) study, a 5-year longitudinal study that recruited subjects at three different sites. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/AUD.0000000000000682DOI Listing
December 2018
17 Reads

Secondary pituitary abscess following transsphenoidal surgery with recurrent meningitis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(48):e13458

Department of Neurosurgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Rationale: The transsphenoidal surgical (TS) approach to sellar masses is the preferred surgical route in most cases. Secondary pituitary abscess (PA) following TS is an extremely rare but serious postoperative complication with potentially high disability and mortality.

Patient Concerns: We describe an uncommon case of secondary PA in a 42-year-old woman, who underwent uncomplicated transsphenoidal procedures without cerebrospinal fluid leak, to treat primary Rathke cleft cyst. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013458DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6283055PMC
November 2018
3 Reads

A Perplexing Case of Pituitary Apoplexy Masquerading as Recurrent Meningitis.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2018 Jan-Dec;6:2324709618811370. Epub 2018 Nov 15.

University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

In this article, we present an exceptional case of pituitary apoplexy in which a patient presented with meningeal symptoms of headache, stiff neck, and nausea rather than the classical findings of ophthalmoplegia and/or vision loss. The patient has had 2 similar presentations with cerebrospinal fluid showing neutrophilic pleocytosis, as well as a computed tomography scan showing a prominent pituitary gland. On current presentation, the patient's vital signs were stable and the physical examination was remarkable for nuchal rigidity. Read More

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http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2324709618811370
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709618811370DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6243406PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea in a bilateral frontal decompressive craniectomy patient caused by strenuous activity: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Nov;97(47):e13189

Department of Neurosurgery.

Rationale: Iatrogenic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea in a bilateral frontal decompressive craniectomy patient triggered by strenuous sport is rare. To the best of our knowledge, no similar case has yet been reported.

Patient Concerns: Herein, we report a case of CSF rhinorrhea in a 37-year-old man. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000013189DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6392508PMC
November 2018
12 Reads

Rapid detection of rhombencephalitis in an immunocompetent patient by multiplexed PCR.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Nov 8;2018. Epub 2018 Nov 8.

Weill Cornell Medical Center, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York City, New York, USA.

A 46-year-old previously healthy man presented with 1 week of headache, nausea, vomiting and dizziness. He was found to have cranial nerve deficits, his cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) demonstrated a lymphocytic pleocytosis and brain MRI suggested rhombencephalitis. Although Gram stains and cultures of his CSF did not identify a pathogen, DNA was detected by the FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis panel within 2 hours of performing a lumbar puncture. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22557
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225575DOI Listing
November 2018
16 Reads

Brain-targeted delivery of PEGylated nano-bacitracin A against Penicillin-sensitive and -resistant Pneumococcal meningitis: formulated with RVG and Pluronic P85 unimers.

Drug Deliv 2018 Nov;25(1):1886-1897

a Key Laboratory of Zoonosis of Liaoning Province, College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Shenyang Agricultural University , Shenyang , P.R. China.

Pneumococcal meningitis (PM), caused by Streptococcus pneumonia, remains a high-burden disease in developing countries. Antibiotic therapy has been limited due to the inefficiency of drug transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the emergence of drug-resistant strains. In our preliminary study, PEGylated nano-self-assemblies of bacitracin A (PEGylated Nano-BA) demonstrated a strong antibacterial potency against S. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10717544.2018.1486473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6225518PMC
November 2018
2 Reads

Stroke in Pediatric Bacterial Meningitis: Population-Based Epidemiology.

Pediatr Neurol 2018 Dec 21;89:11-18. Epub 2018 Sep 21.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Department of Community Health Services, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Hotchkiss Brain Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada; Calgary Pediatric Stroke Program, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Bacterial meningitis is a severe infection of the nervous system with a high complication rate including stroke. The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence, risk factors, patterns, and outcomes in pediatric meningitis complicated by stroke.

Methods: The study design was a population-based, 10-year retrospective (2002 to 2012) cohort study set in Southern Alberta, Canada. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S08878994183089
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2018.09.005DOI Listing
December 2018
21 Reads

Endoscopic Endonasal Repair of a Persistent Craniopharyngeal Canal and Sphenoid Meningoencephalocele: Case Report and Review of Literature.

World Neurosurg 2019 Feb 1;122:196-202. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Department of Pathology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, India.

Background: A persistent craniopharyngeal canal (PCC) is a rare cause of cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea in children. The condition often coexists with other midline facial defects, such as cleft palate. Children with PCC may also have pituitary dysfunction or neoplasms, such as craniopharyngiomas within the canal. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183243
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.10.138DOI Listing
February 2019
17 Reads

A Double Whammy: Lactobacillus acidophilus Bacteremia and Subsequent Lactobacillus rhamnosus Prosthetic Valve Infective Endocarditis in an Elderly Diabetic Patient.

R I Med J (2013) 2018 Nov 1;101(9):32-35. Epub 2018 Nov 1.

Assistant Professor of Medicine, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Department of Infectious Diseases, Providence VA Medical Center.

The clinical significance of the relatively avirulent organ- ism, Lactobacillus, has been debated in the past. At times misdiagnosed as a contaminant, Lactobacillus has uncommonly been reported to cause intra-abdominal abscesses, peritonitis, meningitis, bacteremia, pneumonia and endocarditis, especially in the population of patients with underlying comorbid conditions including malignancy, diabetes, recent surgery or organ transplantation. We report a case of a 74-year-old male with Lactobacillus bacteremia leading to prosthetic valve infective endocarditis complicated by an aortic root abscess. Read More

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November 2018
4 Reads

Methicillin-sensible causing endocarditis, with cerebral and orthopaedic complications, in a 17-month-old child with no risk factor.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 12;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Paediatric Mobile Emergency and Intensive Care Units, Hopital Universitaire Robert-Debre, Paris, France.

We report a case of endocarditis, with large vegetation, in a 17-month-old male infant, complicated with meningitis, ischaemic strokes and osteoarthritis leading to haemorrhagic stroke by aneurysm rupture. He did not present any risk factor for endocarditis. The final course was favourable through, after valve replacement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-226388DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Cerebrospinal fluid hydrocele caused by scrotal migration of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 12;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

Department of Radiology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan.

A 6-month-old boy presented with painless right hemiscrotal swelling. The scrotal ultrasound revealed a cerebrospinal fluid hydrocele caused by the migration of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) catheter tip into the right hemiscrotum and associated undescended left testis. Earlier, he underwent a VPS placement for hydrocephalus secondary to neonatal bacterial meningitis and ventriculitis. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22469
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224698DOI Listing
October 2018
19 Reads

Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii Ventriculostomy-Related Infection, Treated by a Colistin, Tigecycline, and Intraventricular Fibrinolysis.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jan 10;121:111-116. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Henri Mondor University Hospital of Paris, Paris XII School of Medicine, Creteil, France.

Background: Acinetobacter baumannii meningitis and ventriculitis are difficult issues, because of the low diffusion of antibiotics in the cerebrospinal fluid and bacterial multidrug resistance. The presence of an infected intraventricular hematoma, constituting an equivalent of undrained abscess, may promote biofilm formation and failure of medical treatment.

Case Description: In this case of ventriculostomy-related infection after ventricular hemorrhage, Acinetobacter baumannii was sensitive only to colistin and tigecycline. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S18788750183227
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2018.09.218DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads

Uncommon manifestation of leptospirosis: a diagnostic challenge.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Oct 7;2018. Epub 2018 Oct 7.

Professor, Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease commonly affecting the tropical countries. It may have protean clinical manifestations including hepatorenal dysfunction, myocarditis, pulmonary haemorrhage, meningitis, optic neuritis and rhabdomyolysis. Neurological manifestation of leptospirosis without the classical hepatorenal dysfunction is a rare entity. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22528
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225281DOI Listing
October 2018
3 Reads

Epstein-barr virus-associated encephalitis in a case-series of more than 40 patients.

Wiad Lek 2018;71(6):1224-1230

Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine.

Objective: Introduction: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection can present with neurologic manifestations including encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and many others. Most reported cases have been in children. Little is known about EBV encephalitis in adults. Read More

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January 2018
15 Reads

Central nervous system tuberculosis following delayed and initially missed lung miliary tuberculosis: a case report.

Infez Med 2018 Sep;26(3):270-275

Internal Medicine Master of Medicine, Chiclayo, Lambayeque, Peru; Emergency Department of Regional Hospital of Lambayeque, Chiclayo, Lambayeque, Peru.

Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis includes three clinical entities: tuberculous meningitis, intracranial tuberculoma, and spinal tuberculous arachnoiditis. All three categories are encountered frequently in regions of the world where the incidence of TB is high. Meningeal tuberculosis is a medical emergency: it is the most severe, lethal and disabling form of tuberculosis. Read More

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September 2018
5 Reads

Central Nervous System Tuberculosis : Etiology, Clinical Manifestations and Neuroradiological Features.

Clin Neuroradiol 2019 Mar 17;29(1):3-18. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Department of Neurology, Sankt Katharinen Hospital, Teaching Hospital, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany.

Purpose: As a result of multilateral migration and globalization in times of humanitarian crises, western countries face a possible increase in the incidence of central nervous system tuberculosis (CNS TB). The diagnosis of CNS TB is challenging and often delayed due to the manifold and often non-specific presentation of the disease. The aim of this review is to analyze and summarize imaging features and correlated clinical findings of CNS TB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00062-018-0726-9DOI Listing
March 2019
4 Reads

Herpes simplex virus type 1 reactivation following a severe purulent meningitis in ICU.

Presse Med 2018 Sep 13;47(9):827-829. Epub 2018 Sep 13.

Abderrahmen Mami Pneumology Hospital, Medical Intensive Care Unit, Ariana, Tunisia; University of Tunis El Manar, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, 1007 Tunis, Tunisia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lpm.2018.06.002DOI Listing
September 2018
4 Reads

CD48 and α7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Synergistically Regulate FimH-Mediated Escherichia coli K1 Penetration and Neutrophil Transmigration Across Human Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells.

J Infect Dis 2019 Jan;219(3):470-479

Department of Histology and Embryology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan University, China.

FimH-mediated bacterial invasion and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) transmigration across human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) are required for the pathogenesis of Escherichia coli meningitis. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study demonstrated that the TnphoA mutant (22A33) and FimH-knockout mutant (ΔFimH) of E coli strain E44, which resulted in inactivation of FimH, were less invasive and less effective in promoting PMN transmigration than their wild-type strain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy531DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325351PMC
January 2019
5 Reads
6.000 Impact Factor

The Imaging of Localization Related Symptomatic Epilepsies: The Value of Arterial Spin Labelling Based Magnetic Resonance Perfusion.

Korean J Radiol 2018 Sep-Oct;19(5):965-977. Epub 2018 Aug 6.

Department of Imaging Sciences & Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology (SCTIMST), Trivandrum 695011, India.

Accurate identification of the epileptogenic zone is an important prerequisite in presurgical evaluation of refractory epilepsy since it affects seizure-free outcomes. Apart from structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), delineation has been traditionally done with electroencephalography and nuclear imaging modalities. Arterial spin labelling (ASL) sequence is a non-contrast magnetic resonance perfusion technique capable of providing similar information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3348/kjr.2018.19.5.965DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082755PMC
April 2019
6 Reads

Otogenic cerebral venous thrombosis in children: A review of 16 consecutive cases.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 30;113:177-181. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal; Unit of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgery & Physiology, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal; Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), Porto, Portugal.

Objectives: Management of otogenic cerebral venous thrombosis (OCVT) is controversial. Despite the modern antibiotic era OCVT still represents a potential life-threatening condition. This study aims to report the clinical presentation and management in a series of children with OCTV. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S01655876183037
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.07.050DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

Cochlear implantation in children with meningitis related deafness: The influence of electrode impedance and implant charge on auditory performance - A case control study.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Oct 24;113:102-109. Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hannover Medical University, Carl-Neuberg-Straße 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany; German Hearing Center, Hannover Medical University, Karl-Wiechert-Allee 3, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Objectives: Bacterial meningitis can cause a labyrinthitis. Consequences often are intracochlear soft tissue neoformation (cochlear obliteration) or intracochlear osteoneogenesis (cochlear ossification) and deafness. Cochlear implantation becomes challenging and hearing rehabilitation is complicated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2018.07.034DOI Listing
October 2018
13 Reads

A Case of Recurrent Bacterial Meningitis Due to Retained 54-Year-Old Ureterodural Anastomosis.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2018 Jan-Dec;6:2324709618795293. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Kern Medical-University of California Los Angeles, Bakersfield, CA, USA.

Ventriculoperitoneal shunts are the current treatment of choice for congenital hydrocephalus. It is rare for physicians to see patients with alternative types of shunting devices. Lumboureteral shunts, once popular from the 1940s to 1960s, decompress via the genitourinary system. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2324709618795293DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6104220PMC
August 2018
7 Reads

Patterns of ischemic injury on brain images in neonatal group B Streptococcal meningitis.

Korean J Pediatr 2018 Aug 15;61(8):245-252. Epub 2018 Aug 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Purpose: This study investigated patterns of ischemic injury observed in brain images from patients with neonatal group B Streptococcal (GBS) meningitis.

Methods: Clinical findings and brain images from eight term or near-term newborn infants with GBS meningitis were reviewed.

Results: GBS meningitis was confirmed in all 8 infants via cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, and patients tested positive for GBS in both blood and CSF cultures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3345/kjp.2018.61.8.245DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6107402PMC
August 2018
20 Reads

Gold nanoparticles: A plausible tool to combat neurological bacterial infections in humans.

Biomed Pharmacother 2018 Nov 31;107:7-18. Epub 2018 Jul 31.

King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Management of bacterial infections of central nervous system is a major challenge for the scientists all over the world. Despite the development of various potential drugs, the issue of central nervous system infections persists in the society. The main constraint is the delivery of drugs across the blood brain barrier and only a few drugs after meeting the stringent criteria could cross the blood brain barrier. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopha.2018.07.130DOI Listing
November 2018
5 Reads
2.023 Impact Factor

Calvarial osteomyelitis and intracranial extension post-Mohs micrographic surgery.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jul 26;2018. Epub 2018 Jul 26.

Internal Medicine, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA.

Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) is a specialised micrographic technique used for the treatment of locally invasive skin cancers. Despite being a relatively low risk surgery, the overall complication rates range between 1.6% and 3%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-224861DOI Listing
July 2018
5 Reads

Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion (MERS) associated with bacteria meningitis caused by listeria monocytogenes: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(30):e11561

Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Rationale: Mild encephalitis/encephalopathy with a reversible splenial lesion is a clinico-radiological syndrome mainly triggered by viral infection. Bacteria, like listeria monocytogenes, are relatively rare pathogens.

Patient Concerns: A two and a half years old girl with a 3-day history of fever and vomiting, complicated by a sudden seizure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011561DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6078722PMC
July 2018
2 Reads

Ascending Vaginal Infection Using Bioluminescent Bacteria Evokes Intrauterine Inflammation, Preterm Birth, and Neonatal Brain Injury in Pregnant Mice.

Am J Pathol 2018 Oct 21;188(10):2164-2176. Epub 2018 Jul 21.

Gene Transfer Technology Group, University College London, London, United Kingdom; MRC Antiviral Gene Therapy Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Preterm birth is a serious global health problem and the leading cause of infant death before 5 years of age. At least 40% of cases are associated with infection. The most common way for pathogens to access the uterine cavity is by ascending from the vagina. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajpath.2018.06.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6168615PMC
October 2018
6 Reads
4.591 Impact Factor

Intracranial tuberculous mass lesions treated with thalidomide in an immunocompetent child from a low tuberculosis endemic country: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jul;97(29):e11186

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome.

Rationale: Tuberculous meningitis is a highly morbid, often fatal disease.

Patient Concern: We describe a case of an Italian child. DIAGNOSES:: we diagnosed early a Tuberculous meningitis complicated by the occurrence of hydrocephalus, stroke, and paradoxical reaction with brain pseudo-abscesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011186DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6086519PMC
July 2018
6 Reads

Neurosyphilis and ocular syphilis clinical and cerebrospinal fluid characteristics: a case series.

Arq Neuropsiquiatr 2018 Jun;76(6):373-380

Universidade Federal do Paraná, Hospital de Clínicas, Departamento de Medicina Interna, Serviço de Neurologia, Curitiba PR, Brasil.

Background: During the first decade of this century, a significant increase in the incidence of syphilis was documented.

Objective: To study clinical and laboratory characteristics of central nervous system and ocular syphilis.

Methods: A retrospective case series of 13 patients with a clinical and laboratory diagnosis of neurosyphilis and/or ocular syphilis who had been admitted to the Neurology and Neuro-ophthalmology Service of the Hospital de Clínicas, Federal University of Paraná. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0004-282X20180054DOI Listing
June 2018
10 Reads

Diagnosis of Meningitis Caused by Pathogenic Microorganisms Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Systematic Review.

Basic Clin Neurosci 2018 Mar-Apr;9(2):73-86

Department of Neurology, Poursina Hospital, School of Medicine, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Introduction: Bacterial meningitis is an acute infectious inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain. Its early diagnosis is vital because of its high morbidity and mortality. It is mostly diagnosed by a gold standard diagnostic tool i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.29252/nirp.bcn.9.2.73DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6026091PMC
July 2018
14 Reads

Biot's breathing associated with acute bacterial meningitis in a child.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Jun 29;2018. Epub 2018 Jun 29.

Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, Rehovot, Israel.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-225774DOI Listing
June 2018
7 Reads

The Risk of Immunosuppression: A Case of Meningitis.

Case Rep Infect Dis 2018 21;2018:4874575. Epub 2018 May 21.

Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, 41 Burlington Mall Road, Burlington, MA 01805, USA.

meningitis is a rare infection, particularly in adults. We report the case of a 75-year-old female with a history of rheumatoid arthritis on TNF-antagonist immunosuppressive therapy who initially presented to the hospital for management of back and leg pain and was ultimately diagnosed with bacterial meningitis secondary to species infection. She was treated with ceftriaxone with slow improvement in neurological function. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/4874575DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5987290PMC

A Pilot Study Evaluating Cerebral Vasculitis in Kawasaki's Disease.

Neuropediatrics 2018 Dec 18;49(6):392-396. Epub 2018 Jun 18.

Department of Pediatrics, Gyeongsang National University of Hospital, Jinju, Republic of Korea.

Cerebral vasculitis is thought to be a possible underlying mechanism of severe neurological complications of Kawasaki's disease (KD), such as cerebral infarct or aneurysm rupture. To evaluate the intracranial inflammatory response in patients with acute-stage KD, we measured the levels of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6 and tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α) and pentraxin-3 (PTX3) in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with KD ( = 7) and compared the levels to those of the age- and sex-matched febrile control patients (bacterial meningitis [ = 5], enteroviral meningitis [ = 10], nonspecific viral illness without central nervous system involvement [ = 10]). PTX3 and TNF-α were rarely detected and only in trace concentration in KD, and the levels of IL-6 were not different from those of nonspecific viral illnesses. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1660855DOI Listing
December 2018
4 Reads

[Cerebral tuberculosis without meningitis in a immunocompetent child].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2018 04;35(2):207-212

Clínica Las Américas, Medellín, Colombia.

Cerebral tuberculosis TB (tuberculomas) without meningitis is an uncommon disease with a high morbidity and mortality. We report on a case that illustrates the complexity of this clinical presentation. An 11 month old, previously healthy male infant was brought to the clinic due to fever present during the last 1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/s0716-10182018000200207DOI Listing
April 2018
14 Reads

An unusual case of Pasteurella multocida bacteremic meningitis.

J Infect Public Health 2019 Jan - Feb;12(1):95-96. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

Department of Internal Medicine, General Hospital of Rethymno, 74100 Rethymno, Crete, Greece.

Pasteurella multocida is a rare cause of bacterial meningitis, more frequently affecting humans at the extremes of age. We report a case of meningitis and bacteremia caused by P. multocida in a 67-year-old diabetic woman who was living with 10 cats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiph.2018.05.012DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Paradoxical Reaction in a Patient with Co-Occurring Tuberculous Meningitis and Pott's Disease.

Am J Case Rep 2018 Jun 16;19:699-704. Epub 2018 Jun 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Infectious Disease, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.

BACKGROUND Paradoxical reactions to tuberculosis (TB) are clinical or radiological worsening of prior tuberculous lesions or the development of new lesions upon treatment with appropriate anti-tuberculosis therapy (ATT). This phenomenon has been described in both HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Although historically estimated to occur in 6-30% of HIV-seronegative patients with TB, the phenomenon is often under-recognized in the current era, particularly in countries of low TB prevalence. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.909194DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6034555PMC
June 2018
2 Reads

Purulent meningitis caused by Rhodococcus equi: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Jun;97(24):e11156

Department of Neurology.

Rationale: Purulent meningitis refers infection of the subarachnoid space by various purulent bacteria and the corresponding inflammation of the leptomeninges. However, purulent meningitis due to Rhodococcus equi is extremely rare.

Patient Concerns: A 40-year-old man presented with fever and intermittent headache for 6 days. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000011156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6023960PMC
June 2018
3 Reads