6,040 results match your criteria Imaging in Atrial Septal Defects


An unusual presentation of developmental anomalies of the cardiovascular system including tetralogy of fallot, double outlet right ventricle, patent foramen ovale and persistent right aortic arch in a Friesian calf.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Jun 30;16(1):224. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Section of Herd Health and Animal Husbandry, School of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Sciences Centre, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Background: Congenital heart diseases are occasionally encountered in the bovine species. Ventricular septal defects (VSD) and atrial septal defects (ASD) are reported to be the most common; however, a vast collection have been reported [1, 2]. Congenital heart diseases is thought to represent less than 3% of all congenital abnormalities in calves [3]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12917-020-02439-8DOI Listing

Left ventricular rotational deformation changes by speckle tracking imaging before and 24 hours after transcatheter closure of large secundum atrial septal defects in children.

Echocardiography 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Large atrial septal defects (ASDs) in children cause increased volume overload of the right side of the heart which in turn lead to impairment of left ventricular (LV) performance.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate immediate LV rotational deformation changes in children with large ASDs post-device closure and removal of right ventricle (RV) volume overload.

Patients And Methods: Twenty children who underwent transcatheter closure (TCC) of large secundum ASDs were included in the study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/echo.14755DOI Listing

Fat embolism syndrome with cerebral fat embolism through a patent foramen ovale: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jun;99(24):e20569

Department of Neurology, Baotou Central Hospital, Baotou, Inner, Mongolia Municipality, China.

Rationale: Fat embolism syndrome with cerebral fat embolism, rarely observed at our neurology department, is often associated with long bone fractures. Its diagnosis is based on medical history and supportive imaging data and is usually not difficult. However, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000020569DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7302682PMC

Atrial septal defect and haemodynamic consequences of continuous positive airway pressure treatment.

Lancet 2020 06;395(10240):1864

Department of Cardiology, Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Eindhoven, Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31251-4DOI Listing

Evolution and Current Results of a Unified Strategy for Sinus Venosus Surgery.

Ann Thorac Surg 2020 May 10. Epub 2020 May 10.

Division of Cardiovascular-Thoracic Surgery, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago; Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. Electronic address:

Background: Given recent reports of percutaneous closure of sinus venosus atrial septal defects (SVASD), we reviewed our experience with surgical repair. Due to the high incidence of arrhythmias with the two-patch technique, since 2001 we have used either one-patch repairs or the Warden procedure.

Methods: A retrospective review was performed of pediatric patients undergoing SVASD at our institution from 1/1/1990 to 7/1/2018. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.03.113DOI Listing

Neuropsychological Status and Structural Brain Imaging in Adults With Simple Congenital Heart Defects Closed in Childhood.

J Am Heart Assoc 2020 Jun 19;9(11):e015843. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Cardiothoracic & Vascular Surgery Aarhus University Hospital Aarhus N Denmark.

Background Neurodevelopmental impairments are common in survivors of complex congenital heart defects (CHD). We report neuropsychological and brain imaging assessments in adults operated for isolated septal defects. Methods and Results Patients (mean age 25. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.015843DOI Listing

Percutaneous Atrial Septal Defect Closure in Adult Ebstein's Anomaly with Exertional Hypoxemia.

Int Heart J 2020 May 15;61(3):620-623. Epub 2020 May 15.

Department of Pediatrics, Jichi Medical University.

In Ebstein's anomaly, percutaneous atrial septal defect (ASD) closure for the treatment of hypoxemia due to a right-to-left interatrial shunt remains controversial. We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with Ebstein's anomaly who developed cyanosis and shortness of breath on exercise. Her symptoms improved after percutaneous ASD closure and her clinical course has been good during follow-up. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.19-641DOI Listing

Outcomes of Routine Intracardiac Echocardiography to Guide Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion.

JACC Clin Electrophysiol 2020 Apr 29;6(4):393-400. Epub 2020 Jan 29.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the safety and hospital charges between intracardiac echocardiography (ICE)- and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)-guided left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO).

Background: TEE has been the gold standard imaging modality to guide LAAO. Although ICE has emerged as an alternative to guide LAAO, data on the safety, and cost effectiveness of its routine remain limited. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacep.2019.11.014DOI Listing

Management of paradoxical embolism in a patient with coexisting patent foramen ovale and masked pulmonary arteriovenous fistula: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Apr;99(15):e19507

Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, #261 Huansha Road, Shangcheng District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Rationale: Paradoxical embolism (PE) is an important cause of cryptogenic stroke, particularly in young patients, which usually have a relation with an unexpected route in circulation. Here we report a rare case of cryptogenic stroke carried 2 uncommon malformations.

Patient Concerns: A 48-year-old female experienced double neurological events in just 2 months. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000019507DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7220135PMC

Limitations of transoesophageal echocardiogram in acute ischaemic stroke.

Open Heart 2020 24;7(1):e001176. Epub 2020 Mar 24.

Department of Cardiology, Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Objective: The role of transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in identifying ischaemic stroke aetiology is debated. In 2018, the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) issued class IIa recommendation for echocardiography, with the qualifying statement of use in cases where it will alter management. Hence, we sought to determine the rate at which TOE findings altered management in cases of confirmed ischaemic stroke. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2019-001176DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7103838PMC

Transcatheter Correction of Superior Sinus Venosus Atrial Septal Defects as an Alternative to Surgical Treatment.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2020 Mar;75(11):1266-1278

Department of Paediatric and Adult Congenital Heart Disease, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: The superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect (SVASD) is characterized by deficiency of the common wall between the superior vena cava (SVC) and the right upper pulmonary vein (RUPV), which is no longer committed to the left atrium.

Objectives: This study sought to evaluate the potential for redirecting the SVC and RUPV flow to the right and left atria, respectively, by implantation of a covered stent in the SVC.

Methods: Review of 48 consecutive adult SVASD patients undergoing assessment for correction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.12.070DOI Listing

Atrial Septal Defect Mimicking Right Atrial Myxoma: Multimodality Imaging of Cardiac Mass.

Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 2020 Mar 26;13(3):e010004. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Department of Cardiology, Franciscus Gasthuis & Vlietland, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (S.W.K., S.M.S., B.M.v.D.).

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.119.010004DOI Listing

Transcatheter correction of sinus venosus atrial septal defect with partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage: The procedure of choice in selected patients?

Arch Cardiovasc Dis 2020 Feb 11;113(2):92-95. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Congenital Cardiology, Evelina London Children's Hospital, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, SE1 7EH London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.acvd.2019.09.014DOI Listing
February 2020

Patent Foramen Ovale "High-Risk" Anatomy: Contemporary Echocardiography Evaluation.

Mayo Clin Proc 2020 02;95(2):415-416

Structural and Interventional Cardiology Department, The American British Cowdray Medical Center, Mexico City, Mexico; Structural and Interventional Cardiology Department, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, IMSS, Mexico City, Mexico.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.12.011DOI Listing
February 2020

Cardiovascular Imaging for Guiding Interventional Therapy in Structural Heart Diseases.

Curr Med Imaging Rev 2020 ;16(2):111-122

Department of Cardiology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Targu Mures, Targu Mures, Romania.

Development of interventional methods has revolutionized the treatment of structural cardiac diseases. Given the complexity of structural interventions and the anatomical variability of various structural defects, novel imaging techniques have been implemented in the current clinical practice for guiding the interventional procedure and for selection of the device to be used. Three- dimensional echocardiography is the most used imaging method that has improved the threedimensional assessment of cardiac structures, and it has considerably reduced the cost of complications derived from malalignment of interventional devices. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1573405614666180612081736DOI Listing
January 2020

Influence of Percutaneous Occlusion of Atrial Septal Defect on Left Atrial Function Evaluated Using 2D Speckle Tracking Echocardiography.

Int Heart J 2020 Jan 17;61(1):83-88. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences.

Percutaneous occlusion of atrial septal defect (ASD) has recently become a standard therapeutic strategy, but little is known about left atrial (LA) function thereafter. The present study aimed to determine LA function in 43 children with ASD and 13 controls based on LA strain measured by two-dimensional echocardiographic speckle tracking (2DE-ST). Among these children, 12 underwent surgery (ASD-S), 31 had device closure (ASD-D), and 13 were included as controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.19-173DOI Listing
January 2020

A Long-Term Complication Occurred After Transcatheter Closure of Large Atrial Septal Defect.

Int Heart J 2020 Jan 17;61(1):183-185. Epub 2020 Jan 17.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University.

Transcatheter closure of ostium secondum atrial septal defect has become an alternative method to surgical closure. However, the incidence of complications and long-term results of using large size (> 40 mm) Amplatzer septal occluders are unknown. This case reported a 59 years old woman, whom received transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect (36 mm) with a 40 mm Amplatzer septal occluder 10 years ago and was diagnosed with heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1536/ihj.19-161DOI Listing
January 2020

Clinical evaluation of percutaneous and intra-operative device closure of atrial septal defects under transesophageal echocardiographic guidance: one center experience and mid-term follow-up.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2020 Jan 14;15(1):20. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Cardiovascular hospital, Xiamen University, Xiamen, People's Republic of China.

Objective: The percutaneous closure of a single secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) under transesophageal echocardiography guidance as an accepted alternative to the transcatheter closure with fluoroscopy has been proven. However, the technique has not been routinely used. This study was to present and share our experience in comparing the clinical outcomes of the percutaneous and intra-operative device closure (IODC) of atrial septal defects without fluoroscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13019-020-1071-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6961376PMC
January 2020
1.018 Impact Factor

Severe hypoxia caused by ascending aorta elongation due to aortic arch aneurysm.

Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann 2020 Mar 14;28(3):172-174. Epub 2020 Jan 14.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Aomori Prefectural Central Hospital, Aomori, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0218492320901924DOI Listing

[Effectiveness of transthoracic echocardiogram in patent foramen ovale diagnosis. Systematic review of last ten years.]

Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba 2019 11 19;76(4):211-216. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Hospital Privado Universitario de Córdoba..

Background: Transesophageal echo (TEE) bubble study is the current gold standard for patent foramen ovale (PFO) diagnosis, but it has the disadvantage of being semi-invasive and not exempted from risks. The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of TTE compared to TEE for PFO diagnosis.

Methods And Results: a systematic review was done on Medline with the terms "transthoracic echocardiography, transesophageal echocardiography, patent foramen ovale, diagnosis" yielding published literature of the last ten years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.31053/1853.0605.v76.n4.23988DOI Listing
November 2019

Response by Sagris et al to Letter Regarding Article, "Antithrombotic Treatment in Cryptogenic Stroke Patients With Patent Foramen Ovale: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis".

Stroke 2020 02 12;51(2):e39. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.028393DOI Listing
February 2020

Juvenile Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Associated With Atrial Septal Defect.

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus 2019 Dec 9;56:e73-e75. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

A 16-year-old boy presented with acute unilateral painless vision loss associated with a central retinal artery occlusion. Subsequent studies revealed an atrial septal defect of 17 mm, which was closed via a cardioform septal occluder. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/01913913-20191016-01DOI Listing
December 2019

Cardiac arrest in a healthy child due to paradoxical embolus across a previously unrecognised sinus venosus defect.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Dec 5;12(12). Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Herma Heart Institute, Children's Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

A previously healthy, preadolescent female suffered an unwitnessed cardiac arrest with prompt return of circulation following bystander initiated resuscitation. Workup demonstrated the cause of her cardiac arrest to be distal left anterior descending coronary artery occlusion with small apical left ventricular transmural myocardial infarction, from a paradoxical embolus traversing a previously undiagnosed large sinus venous defect. This case demonstrates the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging may bring to the diagnosis of the pathophysiology leading to cardiac arrest. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-230135DOI Listing
December 2019

Angiopoietin-2 predicts morbidity in adults with Fontan physiology.

Sci Rep 2019 12 4;9(1):18328. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Ahmanson/UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, Division of Cardiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Morbidity in patients with single-ventricle Fontan circulation is common and includes arrhythmias, edema, and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) among others. We sought to identify biomarkers that may predict such complications. Twenty-five patients with Fontan physiology and 12 control patients with atrial septal defects (ASD) that underwent cardiac catheterization were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-54776-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6892891PMC
December 2019

Interventricular septal diverticulum and rheumatic mitral valve disease identified and managed concurrently in middle age.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Dec 2;12(12). Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Cardiology, Hawkes Bay Hospital, Hastings, New Zealand.

Cardiac diverticula represent an extremely rare but serious cause of cardiac morbidity and mortality. They can result to arrhythmia, sudden cardiac death and ventricular dysfunction but may have no pathological implications. Here is a case of a 60-year-old Maori farmer with both rheumatic mitral valve disease and left ventricular (LV) septal diverticulum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-229298DOI Listing
December 2019

A unique late complication of transcatheter atrial septal defect closure.

Anatol J Cardiol 2019 Nov;22(6):335-337

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University; Gaziantep-Turkey.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2019.30388DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6955052PMC
November 2019

Radial Ray Malformation.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2019 12;221(6):B16-B18

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2019.09.024DOI Listing
December 2019

Cough maneuver is superior to Valsalva maneuver for detecting mild-extent right-to-left shunt.

Scand Cardiovasc J 2020 Feb 28;54(1):32-36. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Ultrasound Diagnostics, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Medical College, Xi'an, China.

: The purpose of this study was to explore the different provocative maneuvers in detecting right-to-left shunt during contrast transthoracic echocardiography (cTTE). : We evaluated 378 patients for right-to-left shunt detection by cTTE at the quiet respiration, during Valsalva maneuver (blowing into a face mask connected to a sphygmomanometer at 40 mmHg for 10 s), and during cough maneuver, performed in random order, and the degree of right-to-left shunt as the number of microbubbles in the left atrium per frame after each provocative maneuver was recorded. : The detection rates of right-to-left shunt for quiet respiration, Valsalva maneuver, and cough maneuver were 16%, 33%, and 38%, respectively ( < . Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14017431.2019.1694172DOI Listing
February 2020
1.104 Impact Factor

Transcatheter Atrial Septal Defect Closure in Children with and without Fluoroscopy: A Comparison.

J Interv Cardiol 2019 7;2019:6598637. Epub 2019 Apr 7.

Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric Heart Center, Department of Surgery, University Children's Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare feasibility, effectiveness, safety, and outcome of atrial septal defect (ASD) device closure in children with and without fluoroscopy guidance.

Methods And Results: Children undergoing transcatheter ASD closure between 2002 and 2016 were included into this single center, retrospective study. Patients were analysed in two groups [1: intraprocedural fluoroscopy ± transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) guidance; 2: TOE guidance alone]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/6598637DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6739773PMC
February 2020

Bilateral lung transplantation after caesarean section in pregnancy with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Nov;98(47):e18109

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Rationale: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) can lead to an increase in right ventricular load and subsequently heart failure, making severe PAH a contraindication for pregnancy. In addition, PAH may worsen during pregnancy and puerperium, which requires high-quality critical care. This report is the first instance in which a patient with severe PAH, survived a successful atrial septal defect (ASD) repair and bilateral lung transplantation during puerperium. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000018109DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6882631PMC
November 2019
5.723 Impact Factor

Case report - azygos vein drainage into the left atrium in a dog with cor triatriatum dexter and a patent foramen ovale.

J Vet Cardiol 2019 Dec 10;26:1-9. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Division of Cardiology, From the Vetsuisse Faculty University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

A 2-year-old Airedale terrier was presented with exercise intolerance since birth and newly developed chylous pleural effusion. Imaging procedures including echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and selective angiography revealed an aberrant connection of the azygos vein and the left atrium, a membrane in the right atrium consistent with cor triatriatum dexter, and a patent foramen ovale with right-to-left shunt. Balloon dilation of the membrane in the right atrium seemed to result in transient improvement of exercise tolerance compared with the previous 2 years. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvc.2019.09.002DOI Listing
December 2019

An Uncommon Presentation of Sarcoidosis with Ground-Glass Opacities.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2020 04;201(8):e54-e55

Pneumology, Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, IRCCS ISMETT, Palermo, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201906-1229IMDOI Listing

Giant right atrial aneurysm with atrial fibrillation.

J Card Surg 2019 Dec 9;34(12):1647-1648. Epub 2019 Nov 9.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Congenital right atrial aneurysm is a rare condition. Here we reported a 16-year-old male with giant right atrial aneurysm, atrial fibrillation, and atrial septal defect. Surgical resection of extensive right atrium, ASD repair, and maze procedure were performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.14335DOI Listing
December 2019

[Physiological and paraphysiological echocardiographic findings in neonatal and pediatric age].

G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2019 Nov;20(11):627-631

ASUR Marche - Area Vasta 4 Fermo, Ospedale Civile Augusto Murri, Fermo.

Echocardiographic quantification is crucial for the diagnosis and management of patients with acquired and congenital heart disease (CHD). In neonatal and pediatric age, the echocardiogram begins with subxiphoid, or subcostal, imaging instead of left parasternal views. This allows for the determination of visceral situs (site or location) at the beginning of an examination. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1714/3254.32223DOI Listing
November 2019

Biomarkers of Cardiac Dysfunction as Risk Factors in Cryptogenic Stroke.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 6;48(3-6):132-139. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Department of Neurology and Strokology, Nagasaki University Hospital, Nagasaki, Japan.

Background: It is unclear whether biomarkers of cardiac dysfunction are associated with cryptogenic stroke (CS).

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated consecutive ischemic stroke patients. Patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography to evaluate left atrial diameter and the peak transmitral filling velocity/mean mitral annular velocity during early diastole (E/e'). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000504014DOI Listing
May 2020
3.754 Impact Factor

Latin American Consensus Statement for the Use of Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Ultrasound as a Diagnostic Test for Detection of Right-to-Left Shunt.

Cerebrovasc Dis 2019 6;48(3-6):99-108. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Unità Operativa di Neurologia, Ospedale Galliera, Genova, Italy.

Background: The role of patent foramen ovale is a field of debate and current publications have increasing controversies about the patients' management in young undetermined stroke. Work up with echocardiography and transcranial Doppler (TCD) can aid the decision with better anatomical and functional characterization of right-to-left shunt (RLS). Medical and interventional strategy may benefit from this information. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000503851DOI Listing

Hyperbaric treatment of air or gas embolism: current recommendations.

Authors:
Richard E Moon

Undersea Hyperb Med 2019 Sep - Dec - Fourth Quarter;46(5):673-683

Depts. of Anesthesiology and Medicine, Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Environmental Physiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina U.S.

Gas can enter arteries (arterial gas embolism, AGE) due to alveolar-capillary disruption (caused by pulmonary over-pressurization, e.g. breath-hold ascent by divers) or veins (venous gas embolism, VGE) as a result of tissue bubble formation due to decompression (diving, altitude exposure) or during certain surgical procedures where capillary hydrostatic pressure at the incision site is subatmospheric. Read More

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November 2019
1 Read

Device-Associated Left Atrial Thrombosis Despite Oral Anticoagulation After Percutaneous Patent Foramen Ovale Closure.

Can J Cardiol 2019 Nov 27;35(11):1605.e5-1605.e6. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Department of Heart Vessels, Cardiology Service, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cjca.2019.08.025DOI Listing
November 2019

Impact of Transcatheter Device Closure of Atrial Septal Defect on Atrial Arrhythmias Propensity in Young Adults.

Pediatr Cardiol 2020 Jan 31;41(1):54-61. Epub 2019 Oct 31.

Laboratory of Hemodynamia, Cardiocentro Pediátrico William Soler, 100 y Perla, Boyeros, Havana, Cuba.

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is a condition that requires early intervention because of the consequences over the right-side heart. Chronic atrial stretching promotes atrial conduction delay and the imbalance of the conduction homogeneity, which lead to the propensity to atrial arrhythmias (AA). We aim to evaluate the impact of transcatheter closure of ASD on atrial vulnerability markers leading to late AA in young adults. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-019-02221-0DOI Listing
January 2020

Acute ischaemic stroke in secondary polycythaemia due to complex congenital cyanotic heart disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Oct 30;12(10). Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Neurology, Christian Medical College & Hospital Ludhiana, Ludhiana, India

A 65-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with an acute onset of left-sided hemiparesis and slurred speech for 6 hours. Physical examination was notable for clubbing and peripheral cyanosis. Brain MRI showed an acute infarct involving the right gangliocapsular region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231261DOI Listing
October 2019
1 Read

Incidentally detected small fistula flows in pulmonary artery by colour Doppler: echocardiographic findings and follow-up results.

Cardiol Young 2019 Dec 30;29(12):1435-1439. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abnormal small fistulous flows in the pulmonary artery were detected on routine transthoracic echocardiography in asymptomatic patients by colour Doppler echocardiography. The most likely diagnosis is small coronary artery-pulmonary artery fistulas. We evaluated the clinical, echocardiographic, and follow-up findings of 101 patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1047951119002051DOI Listing
December 2019

Value of Contrast Transesophageal Echocardiography in the Detection of Intrapulmonary Vascular Dilatations in Hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2019 11;113(5):915-922

Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, SP - Brazil.

Background: Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS), found in cirrhotic patients, has been little studied in hepatosplenic schistosomiasis (HSS) and includes the occurrence of intrapulmonary vascular dilatations (IPVD). Contrast transesophageal echocardiography (cTEE) with microbubbles is more sensitive than contrast transthoracic echocardiography (cTTE) with microbubbles in the detection of IPVD in cirrhosis.

Objective: To assess the performance of the cTEE, compared with that of cTTE, in detecting IPVD for the diagnosis of HPS in patients with HSS. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5935/abc.20190200DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7020964PMC
November 2019
1 Read

Atrial Septal Defect Revealed by Repeat Echocardiography in a Brain-Dead Donor: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2019 Oct;51(8):2848-2850

Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, South Korea; Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, South Korea.

Background: The number of patients undergoing heart transplantation is limited because of the shortage of donor hearts. Expanding the donor pool with precise evaluation of donor heart is the most practical way to increase the number of patients undergoing heart transplantation. However, echocardiographic evaluation of especially right ventricle (RV) in brain-dead donors is challenging. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2019.04.088DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Antithrombotic Treatment in Cryptogenic Stroke Patients With Patent Foramen Ovale: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Stroke 2019 11 24;50(11):3135-3140. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

From the Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece (D.S., K. Perlepe, K.M., G.N.).

Background and Purpose- It is unclear whether treatment with anticoagulants or antiplatelets is the optimal strategy in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack of undetermined cause and patent foramen ovale that is not percutaneously closed. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare anticoagulant or antiplatelet treatment in this population. Methods- We searched PubMed until July 16, 2019 for trials comparing anticoagulants and antiplatelet treatment in patients with stroke/transient ischemic attack and medically treated patent foramen ovale using the terms: "cryptogenic or embolic stroke of undetermined source" and "stroke or cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack" and "patent foramen ovale or patent foramen ovale or paradoxical embolism" and "trial or study" and "antithrombotic or anticoagulant or antiplatelet. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.026512DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads

Usefulness of Postnatal Echocardiography in Patients with Down Syndrome with Normal Fetal Echocardiograms.

Pediatr Cardiol 2019 Dec 20;40(8):1716-1721. Epub 2019 Sep 20.

Heart Center, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA.

The objective of this study is to evaluate if the diagnosis of a complex congenital heart disease (CHD) was missed in a patient with Down syndrome (DS) who had a fetal echocardiogram that was read as normal. Secondary goal of this study was to determine if any CHD was missed postnatally when a fetal echocardiogram was read as normal. A retrospective chart review of children with DS at Nationwide Children's Hospital whose birthdates were between 1/1/2010 and 12/31/2017 was performed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00246-019-02209-wDOI Listing
December 2019
3 Reads

[Clinical analysis of scimitar syndrome in 6 pediatric patients].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2019 Sep;57(9):705-709

Pediatric Cardiovascular Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, China.

To characterize the clinical features and outcomes of scimitar syndrome (SS) to aid the understanding of this syndrome. This retrospective study included 6 children who were diagnosed with SS at the pediatric cardiovascular center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2012 to September 2018. SS was diagnosed by echocardiography and confirmed by cardiac computed tomography angiography(CTA) or surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1310.2019.09.011DOI Listing
September 2019
5 Reads

Left Ventricle to Right Atrial Shunt Associated With Ventricular-Atrial Malalignment, Double Outlet Right Atrium, and Subaortic Membrane.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 11;32(1):140-142. Epub 2019 Sep 11.

Department of Surgery, University of California Davis, Sacramento, California.

We describe an asymptomatic 7-year-old boy who was taken to the operating room for repair of a subaortic membrane and possible Gerbode's defect. He was found to have a double outlet right atrium associated with an accessory atrioventricular valve in addition to a small atrial septal defect and subaortic membrane. Regurgitant flow through this accessory valve led to the left ventricle to right atrial shunt that was seen on preoperative ECHO. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semtcvs.2019.09.004DOI Listing
June 2020
4 Reads

Immediate and short-term effects of transcatheter device closure of large atrial septal defect in senior people.

Congenit Heart Dis 2019 Nov 12;14(6):939-944. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Central Hospital of Panzhihua City, Panzhihua, China.

Objectives: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy in improving cardiac function and functional capacity with device closure of large atrial septal defects (ASD) in senior adults.

Background: Atrial septal defect accounts for about 10% of all congenital heart disease. It still remains unclear whether large ASD closure in senior people should be performed or not. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/chd.12844DOI Listing
November 2019
3 Reads