Curr Probl Diagn Radiol 2021 Aug 29. Epub 2021 Aug 29.
Institute of Radiology, Department of Medicine, University of Udine, "S. Maria della Misericordia" University Hospital, p.le S. Maria della Misericordia, 15 - 33100 Udine, Italy.
The term "connective tissue diseases" (CTDs) refers to a heterogeneous group of autoimmune disorders, including systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, antisynthetase syndrome, and mixed connective tissue disease. Chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is the imaging method of choice for evaluating patients with known or suspected CTD-related interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD), a complication accounting for substantial morbidity and mortality. While specific HRCT patterns and signs of CTD-ILD have been extensively described (hence the designation "the usual suspects"), the knowledge of various, less frequent conditions involving the lungs in patients with CTD would help the radiologist produce a clinically valuable report, thus potentially influencing patient management. Read More