13,738 results match your criteria Ileus


[56-year-old male with mechanical ileus after cystectomy : Preparation for the medical specialist examination: Part 15].

Anaesthesist 2019 Apr;68(Suppl 2):146-149

Klinik und Poliklinik für Anästhesiologie und Intensivtherapie, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, Schillingallee 35, 18057, Rostock, Deutschland.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00101-019-0548-4DOI Listing

Acute pancreatitis with abdominal bloating and distension, normal lipase and amylase: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Apr;98(15):e15138

Departments of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou, PR China and Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou, PR China.

Rationale: Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas, and its correct diagnosis is an area of interest for clinicians. In accordance with the revised Atlanta classification, acute pancreatitis can be diagnosed if at least 2 of the following 3 criteria are fulfilled: abdominal pain; serum lipase (or amylase) activity at least 3 times the upper limit of normal; or characteristic findings of acute pancreatitis on contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) or, less often, magnetic resonance imaging or transabdominal ultrasonography. Diagnostic imaging is essential in patients with no or slight enzyme elevation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000015138DOI Listing

Enterostomy complications in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) surgery, a retrospective chart review at Odense University Hospital.

BMC Pediatr 2019 Apr 13;19(1):110. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Surgical Department A, Odense University Hospital, J.B. Winsløws Vej 4, 5000, Odense C, Denmark.

Background: The aim was to investigate the incidence of postoperative complications to surgery for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) with primary focus on enterostomy related complications.

Methods: A retrospective chart review of surgically treated NEC during the period from 2008 to 2014 was performed. Enterostomy with secondary anastomosis was our standard treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1488-5DOI Listing

Heterotopy ("Error loci") of the spiral loop of the ascending colon in cattle.

PLoS One 2019 12;14(4):e0215402. Epub 2019 Apr 12.

Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

The term heterotopy of the spiral colon encompasses a dysmorphological condition in which the spiral loops of the ascending colon (SLACs) do not form an orderly spiraling mass adjacent to the left side of the mesojejunum. As a consequence, the spiral loops are spread over a larger surface, making them more or less movable. It has been hypothesized that the abnormal position of the spiral loops of the ascending colon might constitute a predisposing factor for an intestinal obstruction or an ileus condition. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0215402PLOS
April 2019
4 Reads

Assessment of Postdonation Outcomes in US Living Kidney Donors Using Publicly Available Data Sets.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 Apr 5;2(4):e191851. Epub 2019 Apr 5.

Bakar Computational Health Sciences Institute, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: There are limited resources providing postdonation conditions that can occur in living donors (LDs) of solid-organ transplant. Consequently, it is difficult to visualize and understand possible postdonation outcomes in LDs.

Objective: To assemble an open access resource that is representative of the demographic characteristics in the US national registry, maintained by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network and administered by the United Network for Organ Sharing, but contains more follow-up information to help to examine postdonation outcomes in LDs. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.1851DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Pulmonary endarterectomy for chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension with active Crohn's disease.

Surg Case Rep 2019 Apr 11;5(1):59. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hospital, 6-7-1, Nishishinjuku, Shinjuju, Tokyo, 160-0023, Japan.

Background: Anticoagulation control in active inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is challenging because of hypercoagulation and bleeding complications. The strategy for treating chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) in IBD remains controversial because only a few studies have reported its successful treatment (Kim and Lang. Eur Respir Rev 21: 27-31, 2012, Bonderman, et al. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40792-019-0616-7DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Cholecystolithotomy, a new approach to reduce recurrent gallstone ileus.

Acute Med Surg 2019 Apr 4;6(2):95-100. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

General Surgery The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Kings Lynn Kings Lynn UK.

The incidence of gallstone ileus (GSI) is increasing. Current treatment options include enterolithotomy with or without cholecystectomy and repair of the biliodigestive fistula. Although most surgeons defer the management of the biliodigestive fistula to avoid the associated morbidity and mortality, this can lead to increased rate of recurrence of GSI by the remaining gallstones. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ams2.404DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6442528PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Neural anti-inflammatory action mediated by two types of acetylcholine receptors in the small intestine.

Sci Rep 2019 Apr 10;9(1):5887. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Department of Veterinary Pharmacology, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8657, Japan.

Gastrointestinal prokinetic agents function as serotonin-4 receptor (5-HTR) agonists to activate myenteric plexus neurons to release acetylcholine (ACh), which then induce anti-inflammatory action. Details of this pathway, however, remain unknown. The aim of this study is to clarify the anti-inflammatory mechanism underlying the 5-HTR agonist, mosapride citrate (MOS)-induced anti-inflammatory action on postoperative ileus (POI). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-41698-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6458176PMC

Decreasing Incidence of Postoperative Ileus Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A 17-Year Retrospective Review of 38,007 Knee Replacements at One Institution.

J Knee Surg 2019 Apr 8. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

Ileus following total knee arthroplasty is a clinically and financially significant postoperative complication that has not been extensively described in the orthopaedic joint literature. Ileus has been found to occur in 0.7 to 4. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1684013DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Effects of anastomotic technique on early postoperative outcome in open right-sided hemicolectomy.

BJS Open 2019 Apr 27;3(2):203-209. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

Department of General, Visceral, Vascular and Paediatric Surgery, University Hospital University of Würzburg Würzburg Germany.

Background: Despite recent improvements in colonic cancer surgery, the rate of anastomotic leakage after right hemicolectomy is still around 6-7 per cent. This study examined whether anastomotic technique (handsewn or stapled) after open right hemicolectomy for right-sided colonic cancer influences postoperative complications.

Methods: Patient data from the German Society for General and Visceral Surgery (StuDoQ) registry from 2010 to 2017 were analysed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs5.101DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6433329PMC

Muscle relaxant induced pancreatitis leading to hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state.

Oxf Med Case Reports 2019 Mar 29;2019(3):omz012. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Little Rock Diagnostic Clinic, CHI St. Vincent, Little Rock, USA.

Muscle relaxants are commonly prescribed in the United States but may have deleterious side effects that are unrecognized by physicians. Here, we report a 55-year-old Caucasian man who developed pancreatitis and a subsequent hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state after being prescribed tizanidine. The patient had untreated hypertriglyceridemia, unbeknownst to the prescribing physician. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/omcr/omz012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6440256PMC

Comparing Complications and Costs of Total Hip Arthroplasty and Hemiarthroplasty for Femoral Neck Fractures: A Propensity Score-Matched, Population-Based Study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2019 Apr;101(7):572-579

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery (B.R., D.P., H.K., D.W., R.J., and H.J.K.), and Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (D.P. and H.J.K.), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Although the prevalence of displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly population is increasing worldwide, there remains controversy as to whether these injuries should be managed with hemiarthroplasty or total hip arthroplasty. Although total hip arthroplasties result in better function, they are more expensive and may have higher complication rates. Our objective was to compare the complication rates and health-care costs between hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures in the elderly population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.18.00539DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Gallstone ileus of the sigmoid colon. A case repor.

Ann Ital Chir 2019 Mar 28;8. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Gallstone ileus is a complication of cholelithiasis which is due to gallstone migration through a fistula between the gallbladder and the gastrointestinal tract followed by intraluminal impaction. This uncommon form of mechanical bowel obstruction occurs in <1% of patients with cholelithiasis. Gallstone ileus due to cholecystocolonic fistula is rare, and therefore appropriate surgical treatment is still a matter of debate. Read More

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March 2019
2 Reads

Minimally Invasive Endoscopic-Assisted Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Technical Report and Preliminary Results.

Authors:
Yoshinori Kyoh

Neurospine 2019 Mar 31;16(1):72-81. Epub 2019 Mar 31.

Kyoh Orthopaedics & Neurosurgery Clinic, Amagasaki, Japan.

Objective: Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a highly useful lumbar fusion surgical technique for degenerative spinal disease. However, many complications have already been reported. The purpose of this study is to report the concept, surgical technique, and clinical results of the first 70 consecutive cases treated with a safer and minimally invasive endoscopic-assisted LLIF (ELLIF). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.14245/ns.1938024.012DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6449819PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Meconium Ileus in Two Irish Newborns: The Presenting Feature of Cystic Fibrosis

Ir Med J 2019 Mar 14;112(3):901. Epub 2019 Mar 14.

Department of Neonatology, University Hospital, Galway

Introduction Meconium Ileus (MI) is the presenting feature of CF in approximately 10-15% of cases. This report outlines the clinical presentation, imaging and management of two neonates with MI and subsequent diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Methods A retrospective chart review was performed to evaluate the clinical course of two neonates with MI. Read More

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March 2019
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Acute pancreatitis as a complication of routine colonoscopy-A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2019 Mar 19;57:81-83. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

General Surgery, Rockingham General Hospital, Western Australia, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Abdominal pain after colonoscopy is a relatively common symptom and usually benign. Colonoscopy-induced pancreatitis is an extremely rare phenomenon that can sometimes be missed leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment.

Presentation Of Case: A 53 year old woman presented to the Emergency Department with abdominal pain, a significantly raised lipase and a CT scan revealing pancreatitis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2019.03.007DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439266PMC
March 2019
1 Read

Laparoscopy-Assisted Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction to Treat Tumors of the Sigmoid Colon and Rectum: The Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of a Retrospective Study.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2019 Mar 29. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

1 Center for Difficult and Complicated Abdominal Surgery, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Few studies have assessed the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopically assisted natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) in patients with sigmoid colon and rectal tumors. We investigated the short- and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted NOSE for tumors of the sigmoid colon and rectum.

Methods: Ninety-eight patients with sigmoid colon and rectal tumors undergoing laparoscopic-assisted NOSE were included. Read More

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https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/lap.2018.0601
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/lap.2018.0601DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

In-vitro fertilization resulting in heterotopic pregnancy, ovarian hyperstimulation and paralytic ileus: A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2019 Apr 9;22:e00106. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Merkur, Ivana Zajca 19, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

Heterotopic pregnancy followed by ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and paralytic ileus are rare and potentially fatal complications associated with assisted reproduction. A 37-year-old nulliparous woman, after in-vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, presented to the gynaecology department with severe abdominal distension, diffuse abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding. Transvaginal ultrasound examination revealed an intrauterine pregnancy, with both ovaries enlarged, measuring 10cmx10cm, with free fluid in the pouch of Douglas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.crwh.2019.e00106DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6423359PMC
April 2019
1 Read

Avoiding the Need for Bowel Anastomosis during Pelvic Exenteration-Urinary Sigmoid or Descending Colon Conduit-Short and Long Term Complications.

Urology 2019 Mar 25. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Urology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Winship Cancer Institute, Emory Healthcare, Atlanta, GA.

Objective: To educate surgeons of distal colon urinary diversion as an alternative to ileal conduit. To assess peri-operative outcomes of distal colon conduit in pelvic exenteration including conduit-related, gastrointestinal, infectious, metabolic, and wound complications within 30 days, 31-89 days, and greater than 90 days from the time of surgery.

Materials & Methods: Forty-one patients who underwent distal colon urinary diversion for malignancy, fistula, or neurogenic bladder were identified in our IRB approved database from 1/2005 - 7/2017 RESULTS: Twenty-six (63. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S00904295193030
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2019.03.015DOI Listing
March 2019
6 Reads

Usage of Intravenous Lidocaine Infusion with Enhanced Recovery Pathway in Patients Scheduled for Open Radical Cystectomy: A Randomized Trial.

Pain Physician 2019 03;22(2):E71-E80

Asyut Urology and Nephrology Hospital, Assiut University, Asyut, Egypt.

Background: Intravenous lidocaine infusion (IVLI) reduces postoperative pain and hastens the return of bowel function.

Objectives: We aimed to compare the effects of adding lidocaine infusion to enhanced recovery pathway (ERP) on acute rehabilitation protocol.

Study Design: This study uses a double-blind, randomized design with allocation concealment in a 2-armed parallel group format among patients undergoing open radical cystectomy (RC). Read More

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March 2019
1 Read

Randomized clinical trial of liposomal bupivacaine transverse abdominis plane block versus intrathecal analgesia in colorectal surgery.

Br J Surg 2019 May 28;106(6):692-699. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.

Background: Transverse abdominis plane (TAP) block is considered an effective alternative to neuraxial analgesia for abdominal surgery. However, limited evidence supports its use over traditional analgesic modalities in colorectal surgery. This study compared the analgesic efficacy of liposomal bupivacaine TAP block with intrathecal (IT) opioid administration in a multicentre RCT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bjs.11141DOI Listing

Stent placement followed by preoperative chemotherapy and elective surgery for acute malignant colorectal obstruction: Six cases of report.

World J Gastrointest Oncol 2019 Mar;11(3):264-269

Department of Colorectal Surgery, the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510655, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: The self-expandable metal stent is used as a bridge to surgery in the treatment of acute malignant colorectal obstruction (AMCO). However, recent studies have shown inferior long-term outcomes and increased risk of tumor dissemination after stent placement. In addition, the optimal interval between stent placement and surgery is not clear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4251/wjgo.v11.i3.264DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425326PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

Crohn's Disease Accompanied with Small Intestinal Extramedullary Plasmacytoma.

Intern Med 2019 Mar 28. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Department of Surgery, National Defense Medical College, Japan.

We herein present the case of an immunocompetent 63-year-old man who had previously undergone resection of Crohn's disease (CD)-related small intestinal obstruction more than 30 years ago. He had not been receiving any medication for many years, but had recently started to suffer from ileus. A stenosed site of ileo-cecal anastomosis was identified and therefore was surgically resected, which was diagnosed as CD with small intestinal extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.1687-18DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Transplantation of adult-size kidneys in small pediatric recipients: A single-center experience.

Pediatr Transplant 2019 Mar 27:e13401. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, Toho University, Tokyo, Japan.

RTx of adult-size kidneys presents a size mismatch in small pediatric recipients, and there are potential surgical complications. This study reveals the outcomes of intra- and extraperitoneal RTx in low-weight (less than 15 kg) pediatric recipients. We studied 51 pediatric patients weighing less than 15 kg who received a living-related donor renal transplant between 2009 and 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/petr.13401DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Praxagoras of Cos (4th Century BC) and His Innovative Method of a Diverting Enterocutaneous Fistula to Relieve Small Bowel Obstruction.

Surg Innov 2019 Mar 27:1553350619834836. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

2 University of Crete, Crete, Greece.

Born in an island with huge medical tradition in ancient Greece, Praxagoras of Cos became an esteemed medico-philosopher and surgeon. The evolution made by the Hippocratic School of Medicine further boosted his talent and helped him perform surgical operations, which were believed impossible for his era. Praxagoras introduced an innovative surgical technique to confront small bowel obstruction, by creating an enterocutaneous fistula. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1553350619834836DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

A Psychiatrist with Postoperative Anxiety After Hysterectomy: How Could This Be Fatal?

Cureus 2019 Jan 17;11(1):e3909. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mercer University School of Medicine, Macon, USA.

Hysterectomy is a common surgery and rarely fatal. Here, we present a case of hysterectomy with postoperative complications, leading to a fatal outcome. The autopsy revealed the cause of death and clinicopathologic correlation suggested multiple lessons for patient safety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3909DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6424588PMC
January 2019
1 Read

[Simultaneous Laparoscopic Sigmoid Colectomy and Malignant Lymphoma Biopsy-A Case Report].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2019 Mar;46(3):521-522

Dept. of Surgery, National Hospital Organization Osaka National Hospital.

The patient, a woman in her 70s, was diagnosed with occlusive ileus caused by sigmoid colon cancer.She underwent transanal stent placement to release the occlusion.Subsequent detailed testing revealed a 70×60mm mass on the dorsal side of the pancreas and PET-CT indicated an SUVmax 18. Read More

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March 2019
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Combination of oral vancomycin and intra-colonic vancomycin: Successful treatment of complicated pseudomembranous colitis in a child patient.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2019 19;7:2050313X19838442. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Clinic of Gastroenterology, Adana City Research and Education Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Adana, Turkey.

The infection-related disease varies from mild diarrhoea to pseudomembranouscolitis. Although infection is commonly considered to be a hospital-acquired infection, a significant number of cases are community acquired. Community-acquired infection can exhibit itself as ileus or toxic megacolon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2050313X19838442DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6425522PMC
March 2019
3 Reads

A comparative study about the immunomodulatory effects of tramadol and metamizole in a murine model of postoperative ileus.

Lab Anim 2019 Mar 24:23677219832919. Epub 2019 Mar 24.

Department of Surgery, University of Bonn, Bonn Germany.

Postoperative ileus (POI) is a common complication after abdominal surgery characterized by motility disturbances leading to increased morbidity and mortality in surgical patients. Intestinal manipulation of the murine small bowel is an established animal model resulting in an increased postsurgical inflammation within the intestinal muscular externa and a delayed gastrointestinal transit. Some analgesics have been shown to affect inflammation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0023677219832919DOI Listing

Failure to rescue as a source of variation in hospital mortality after rectal surgery: The Italian experience.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2019 Mar 16. Epub 2019 Mar 16.

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Gastroenterological Sciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Failure to rescue (FTR) patients from postoperative complications could contribute to the variability in surgical mortality seen among hospitals with different volumes. We sought to examine the impact of complications and FTR on mortality following rectal surgery.

Methods: The National Italian Hospital Discharge Dataset allowed to identify 75,280 patients who underwent rectal surgery between 2002 and 2014. Read More

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https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S07487983193031
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejso.2019.03.006DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Immunomodulator-associated Epstein-Barr virus-positive mucocutaneous ulcer in a patient with refractory Crohn's disease.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2019 Mar 22. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

Department of Gastroenterology, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Inohana 1-8-1, Chiba, Chiba, 260-8670, Japan.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive mucocutaneous ulcer is a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder occurring in elderly or iatrogenic immunocompromised patients. We report a 27-year-old male patient with Crohn's disease (CD) who developed immunomodulator-associated lymphoproliferative disorder. The patient was diagnosed with CD at the age of 17 and was treated with maintenance therapy including high-dose infliximab and azathioprine. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12328-019-00952-4DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Two-year patient-related outcome measures (PROM) of primary ventral and incisional hernia repair using a novel three-dimensional composite polyester monofilament mesh: the SymCHro registry study.

Hernia 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Clinique du Mail, La Rochelle, France.

Purpose: This study examined patient-related outcome measures (PROMs) after repair of ventral primary or incisional hernias using Symbotex™ composite mesh (SCM), a novel three-dimensional collagen-coated monofilament polyester textile.

Methods: Pre-operative, peri-operative, and post-operative data were obtained from the French "Club Hernie" registry with 12- and 24-month follow-up.

Results: One-hundred consecutive patients (mean age 62. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10029-019-01924-wDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Primary gastrointestinal aspergillosis: a case report and literature review.

Infez Med 2019 Mar;27(1):85-92

Medipol University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Invasive aspergillosis is a severe infection that generally involves the lungs. Primary gastrointestinal aspergillosis is the least common form of invasive aspergillosis. A patient aged 65 years developed a febrile neutropenic episode following an autologous stem cell transplant for plasmacytoid variant diffuse large B-cell gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Read More

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March 2019
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Treatment of Congenital Gastric Outlet Obstruction due to a Web: A Retrospective Single-center Review.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2019 Mar 11. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Visceral Transplantation and Thoracic Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Congenital gastric antral web and congenital pyloric atresia are rare reasons of congenital gastric outlet obstruction (CGOO). Depending on the different forms, the symptoms vary from unspecific epigastric pain to nonbilious "projectile" vomiting, ileus and failure to thrive. Throughout the years, many different treatment options are described, like simple surgical dilatation, incision or excision of the membrane, possibly combined with a pyloroplasty. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000658DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Does Postoperative Rehabilitation for Radical Cystectomy Call for Enhanced Recovery after Surgery? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Curr Med Sci 2019 Feb 13;39(1):99-110. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

The aim of this review was to systematically compare the outcomes of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) with standard care (SC) after radical cystectomy. We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Ovid, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library to identify studies published until September 2017 which involved a comparison of ERAS and SC. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the outcomes of ERAS versus SC. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11596-019-2006-6DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Laparoscopic appendicectomy is superior to open surgery for complicated appendicitis.

Surg Endosc 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

The Whiteley-Martin Research Centre, Discipline of Surgery, The University of Sydney, Nepean Hospital, Penrith, NSW, Australia.

Background: Over the last three decades, laparoscopic appendicectomy (LA) has become the routine treatment for uncomplicated acute appendicitis. The role of laparoscopic surgery for complicated appendicitis (gangrenous and/or perforated) remains controversial due to concerns of an increased incidence of post-operative intra-abdominal abscesses (IAA) in LA compared to open appendicectomy (OA). The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of LA versus OA for complicated appendicitis. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00464-019-06746-6
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00464-019-06746-6DOI Listing
March 2019
23 Reads

Early intestinal obstruction after infliximab therapy in Crohn's disease.

Autops Case Rep 2019 Jan-Mar;9(1):e2018068. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

Nakadori General Hospital, Division of Pathology. Akita City, Japan.

There is scarce knowledge on early intestinal obstruction in Crohn's disease (CD) after infliximab treatment. Therefore, we describe two cases of early intestinal obstruction in a series of 46 CD patients treated with infliximab. Both our two cases were 21-year-old men with newly diagnosed CD who were diagnosed with perianal disease 2 years previously. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/acr.2018.068DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6394366PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Goal-directed fluid therapy on laparoscopic colorectal surgery within enhanced recovery after surgery program.

Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2019 Mar 9. Epub 2019 Mar 9.

Departamento de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica de Dolor, Hospital General Universitario de Elche, Camí de l'Almazara 11, CP 03203 Elche, Alicante, España.

Introduction: Enhanced recovery after surgery protocols (ERAS) are used in peri-operative care to reduce the stress response to surgical aggression. As fluid overload has been associated with increased morbidity and delayed hospital discharge, a major aspect of this is fluid management. Intra-operative goal-directed fluid protocols have been shown to reduce post-operative complications, particularly in high risk patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.redar.2019.01.007DOI Listing
March 2019
8 Reads

Acupuncture protects the interstitial cells of Cajal by regulating miR-222 in a rat model of post-operative ileus.

Acupunct Med 2019 Mar 11:964528419829755. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

2 Clinical Medical College of Acupuncture, Moxibustion and Rehabilitation, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Background:: Recovery of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) during post-operative ileus (POI) is important for the restoration of gastrointestinal (GI) motility. Acupuncture can protect ICCs, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we investigated whether miR-222, c-kit and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are involved in the putative effects of acupuncture on ICC recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0964528419829755DOI Listing
March 2019
7 Reads

Postoperative paralytic ileus after major oncological procedures in the enhanced recovery after surgery era: A population based analysis.

Surg Oncol 2019 Mar 29;28:201-207. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Cancer Prognostics and Health Outcomes Unit, University of Montreal Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de L'Université de Montréal (CR-CHUM), Institut du Cancer de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Background: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols have been developed and implemented as of 2001 and may have significantly reduced several complication types including paralytic ileus. However, no formal analyses targeted paralytic ileus rates after contemporary major surgical oncology procedures. We examined temporal trends of paralytic ileus following ten major oncological surgical procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2019.01.011DOI Listing
March 2019
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Comparison of posterior rectal dissection techniques during rectosigmoid colon resection as part of cytoreductive surgery in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer: Close rectal dissection versus total mesorectal excision.

Gynecol Oncol 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Republic of Korea.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of close rectal dissection (CRD) compared with those of total mesorectal excision (TME) as the posterior rectal dissection procedure during rectosigmoid colectomy performed as part of cytoreductive surgery in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 163 patients who underwent posterior rectal dissection for rectosigmoid resection, including low anterior resection or subtotal colectomy, as part of ovarian cancer surgery from 2006 to 2018. The TME technique was mainly performed by colorectal surgeons, and the CRD technique preserving the mesorectal tissue was performed by an experienced gynecologic oncology surgeon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ygyno.2019.02.029DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read
3.774 Impact Factor

Gallstone Disease: Cholecystitis, Mirizzi Syndrome, Bouveret Syndrome, Gallstone Ileus.

Surg Clin North Am 2019 Apr;99(2):231-244

Rutgers, New Jersey Medical School, 185 South Orange Avenue, MSB G586, Newark, NJ 07102, USA.

Gallstone disease is a leading cause of morbidity in the United States and usually requires surgical or endoscopic interventions for diagnosis and/or treatment. Although gallstone disease is classically associated with the inflammatory sequela of cholecystitis, gallstones can also contribute to other clinical presentations such as gallstone ileus, Mirizzi syndrome, and Bouveret syndrome. This article explores the common-and uncommon-causes of surgical pathology owing to gallstones with an emphasis on clinical identification, diagnostics, and management options. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suc.2018.12.006DOI Listing
April 2019
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The HS-Releasing Naproxen Derivative ATB-346 and the Slow-Release HS Donor GYY4137 Reduce Intestinal Inflammation and Restore Transit in Postoperative Ileus.

Front Pharmacol 2019 20;10:116. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Department of Basic and Applied Medical Sciences, Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Intestinal inflammation triggers postoperative ileus (POI), commonly seen after abdominal surgery and characterized by impaired gastrointestinal transit; when prolonged, this leads to increased morbidity. Hydrogen sulfide (HS) is recognized as an important mediator of many (patho)physiological processes, including inflammation, and is now investigated for anti-inflammatory application. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the HS-releasing naproxen derivative ATB-346, developed to reduce gastrointestinal injury by naproxen, and the slow-release HS donor GYY4137 on intestinal inflammation and delayed gastrointestinal transit in murine POI. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.00116DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6391894PMC
February 2019
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Outcome of no oral antibiotic prophylaxis and bowel preparation in Crohn's diseases surgery.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2019 Mar 6;131(5-6):113-119. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Recent studies support the use of mechanical bowel preparation and/or oral antibiotic prophylaxis in patients operated on for Crohn's disease (CD); however, data are scarce, especially for laparoscopic surgery. Therefore, this study was carried out to investigate the effect of laparoscopic surgery on complication rates in patients not undergoing standardized bowel preparation but single shot antibiotics.

Methods: In this study 255 consecutive patients who underwent a laparoscopic intestinal resection for CD at a tertiary referral center between 1997 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-019-1475-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6422965PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Feasibility of transanal total mesorectal excision in cases with challenging patient and tumor characteristics.

Ann Surg Treat Res 2019 Mar 26;96(3):123-130. Epub 2018 Feb 26.

Center for Colorectal Cancer, Research Institute and Hospital, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.

Purpose: To assess the feasibility of transanal total mesorectal excision in difficult cases including obese patients or patients with bulky tumors or threatened mesorectal fascias.

Methods: We performed laparoscopy-assisted transanal total mesorectal excision in patients with biopsy-proven rectal adenocarcinoma located 3-12 cm from the anal verge as part of a prospective, single arm, pilot trial. The primary endpoint was resection quality and circumferential resection margin involvement. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4174/astr.2019.96.3.123DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6393407PMC
March 2019
2 Reads

Extreme Rhabdomyolysis, Acute Renal Failure, and Protracted Ileus in a Case of Legionella Pneumonia.

Case Rep Crit Care 2019 29;2019:3472627. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Department of Intensive Care, Centre Hospitalier de Mouscron, 7700 Mouscron, Belgium.

A 53-year-old man developed a pneumonia complicated by rhabdomyolysis, acute kidney injury, and protracted ileus. Risk factors were smoking and chronic alcoholism, but the patient had no history of previous abdominal surgery. Hemodialysis was required for a period of 5 weeks with a full renal recovery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/3472627DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6374832PMC
January 2019
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Ameliorating Effects of Electroacupuncture on Dysmotility, Inflammation, and Pain Mediated via the Autonomic Mechanism in a Rat Model of Postoperative Ileus.

J Neurogastroenterol Motil 2019 Apr;25(2):286-299

Veterans Research and Education Foundation, Oklahoma City VA Medical Center, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Background/aims: Postoperative ileus increases healthcare costs and reduces the postoperative quality of life (QOL). The aim of this study is to investigate effects and mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) at ST36 and PC6 on gastrointestinal motility in rat model of postoperative ileus.

Methods: Laparotomy was performed in 24 rats (control [n = 8], sham-EA [n = 8], and EA [n = 8]) for the implantation of electrodes in the stomach and mid-jejunum for recording of gastric and small intestinal slow waves. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5056/jnm18094DOI Listing
April 2019
3 Reads

Response to Re: Minimally invasive management of gallstone ileus with cholecystoduodenal fistula.

ANZ J Surg 2019 Mar;89(3):267-268

Department of Oncologic and Digestive Surgery, Sainte Anne Military Hospital, Toulon, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ans.15037DOI Listing
March 2019
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Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction Caused by Dexmedetomidine: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Am J Case Rep 2019 Mar 3;20:278-284. Epub 2019 Mar 3.

Department of Internal Medicine, BronxCare Health System, Bronx, NY, USA.

BACKGROUND Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is an infrequent entity characterized by non-toxic, non-mechanical, abrupt, functional dilation of the colon. Clinically patients present with abdominal distention, anxiety, severe abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. This rare entity can lead to a fatal outcome if not recognized early. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/AJCR.913645DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6410604PMC
March 2019
3 Reads