15,633 results match your criteria Ileus


The Effect of Xylitol Gum Chewing After Cesarean on Bowel Functions: A Randomized Controlled Study.

J Perianesth Nurs 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Trakya University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Women Health and Disease Nursing, Edirne, Merkez, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: Postoperative ileus after cesarean is a common complication. The delay of bowel functions after cesarean influences early parenthood experience, increases the need for analgesic use, extends the duration of hospital stay, and causes cost increase. This study aimed to explore the effect of xylitol gum chewing after cesarean on bowel functions. Read More

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Post-cesarean severe sepsis and uterine wound disruption presenting as abdominal wound abscess and peritonitis: A case report.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2022 16;10:2050313X221105922. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Postgraduate Medicine, Khesar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan, Thimphu, Bhutan.

With increasing rate of cesarean section in Bhutan, the complications are expected to rise. Uterine scar dehiscence is one of the immediate complications of cesarean section, which has high morbidity and mortality. Herein, we report a case of uterine wound dehiscence with pelvic abscess following cesarean section, who presented with paralytic ileus and surgical site infection. Read More

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Effect of acupuncture on postoperative ileus after laparoscopic elective colorectal surgery: A prospective, randomised, controlled trial.

EClinicalMedicine 2022 Jul 27;49:101472. Epub 2022 May 27.

International Acupuncture and Moxibustion Innovation Institute, School of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No.11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100021, China.

Background: Postoperative ileus after colorectal surgery is a frequent problem that significantly delays recovery, increases perioperative costs, and negatively impacts on daily life, physical and psychosocial functioning, and wellbeing. We investigated the effect of acupuncture at different single acupoint combined with standard care on postoperative ileus.

Methods: In this single-centre, three-arm, prospective, randomised trial, we enrolled patients with primary colorectal cancer undergoing elective colorectal resection at Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Science in Beijing, China. Read More

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Intra-Abdominal Hypertension: A Systemic Complication of Severe Acute Pancreatitis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 Jun 10;58(6). Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Critical Care Unit and Gastroenterology Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Clinical Hospital, University of Chile, Santiago 8380456, Chile.

Patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) present complications and organ failure, which require treatment in critical care units. These extrapancreatic complications determine the clinical outcome of the disease. Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) deteriorates the prognosis of SAP. Read More

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Cost of postoperative ileus following colorectal surgery: a cost analysis in the Australian public hospital setting.

Colorectal Dis 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Colorectal Unit, Department of Surgery, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Postoperative ileus (POI) following surgery results in significant morbidity, drastically increasing hospital costs. As there are no specific Australian data, this study aimed to measure the cost of POI after colorectal surgery in an Australian public hospital.

Methods: A cost analysis was performed, for major elective colorectal surgical cases between 2018 and 2021 at the Royal Adelaide Hospital. Read More

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Clinical Profile, Outcomes and Predictors of Mortality in Neonates Operated for Gastrointestinal Anomalies in a Tertiary Neonatal Care Unit- An Observational Study.

J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2022 May-Jun;27(3):287-292. Epub 2022 May 12.

Department of Neonatology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) malformations have varied short-term and long-term outcomes reported across various neonatal units in India.

Methods: This descriptive study was done to study the clinical profile, outcomes and predictors of mortality in neonates operated for congenital GI malformations in a tertiary neonatal care unit in South India between years 2011 and 2020. Details were collected by retrospective review of the case sheets. Read More

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Bowel recovery after intra- vs extra-corporeal anastomosis for oncologic laparoscopic right hemicolectomy within an ERAS protocol: a retrospective study.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2022 Jun 21. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Surgery, Regional Hospital of Lugano, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Via Tesserete 46, 6900, Lugano, Switzerland.

Objective: Restoring bowel continuity after laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with an intra-corporeal (IC) rather than an extra-corporeal (EC) ileocolic anastomosis may offer advantages in post-operative recovery. The aim of this study was to compare bowel function recovery between these two techniques, in a context of complete mesocolic excision within an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol.

Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent oncologic laparoscopic right hemicolectomy from January 2012 to February 2021 in our institution were included in the study. Read More

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Application Effect of Somatostatin Combined with Transnasal Ileus Catheterization in Patients with Acute Intestinal Obstruction and Advanced Gastric Cancer.

Comput Intell Neurosci 2022 11;2022:9747880. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Emergency Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, China.

: To explore the application of somatostatin combined with nasal plug catheterization in patients with advanced gastric cancer and acute intestinal obstruction. . This study included 94 cases of patients with acute intestinal obstruction and advanced gastric cancer, and according to the length of hospital stay, the patients were randomly divided into two groups: the control group and the study group, with 47 cases in each group. Read More

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Effect of Coffee Consumption on Postoperative Ileus after Colorectal Surgery: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2022 8;2022:8029600. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of General Surgery, The Affiliated Jiangyin Hospital of Southeast University Medical College, Jiangyin 214400, China.

Background: Postoperative ileus (POI) is an important complication after elective colorectal surgery, which prolongs hospital stay and increases hospital costs. Coffee has been reported to be beneficial for the recovery of gastrointestinal function. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of coffee consumption in the treatment of POI, following elective colorectal surgery. Read More

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Equivalency of short-term perioperative outcomes after open, laparoscopic, and robotic ileal pouch anal anastomosis. Does procedure complexity override operative approach?

Surg Open Sci 2022 Jul 20;9:86-90. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Surgery, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA.

Background: Ileal pouch anal anastomosis is the treatment of choice for patients with chronic ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis undergoing a proctocolectomy and desiring bowel continuity. It is a technically complex operation associated with significant morbidity and may be performed by an open, laparoscopic, or robotic approach. However, there is a paucity of data regarding the comparative perioperative outcomes between these 3 techniques outside of institutional studies. Read More

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A Rare Case of Cholecystoduodenal Fistula Complicated With Gallstone Ileus and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

Cureus 2022 May 9;14(5):e24846. Epub 2022 May 9.

General Surgery, Cardinal Tien Hospital, Taipei, TWN.

Gallstone ileus is a rare presentation of cholelithiasis, which usually impacts the narrowest part of the bowel, the ileocecal valve. This occurs as a result of a bilioenteric fistula where a gallstone passed through and entered the gastrointestinal tract. It is most commonly encountered in elder patients and predominantly in females. Read More

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Emphysematous gastritis associated with ileus due to fecal impaction.

Acute Med Surg 2022 Jan-Dec;9(1):e759. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Acute Critical Care Medicine, Shizuoka Hospital Juntendo University Tokyo Japan.

Background: Gastric emphysema and emphysematous gastritis (EG) are rare diseases involving air being introduced into the stomach wall. Emphysematous gastritis is an infectious disease with a high fatality rate.

Case Presentation: An 83-year-old woman had recovered from septic shock, however, an antibiotic-refractory inflammatory response remained. Read More

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Clostridioides difficile infection in paediatric patients with cancer and haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients.

Eur J Cancer 2022 Jun 10;171:1-9. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Child Health Evaluative Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Avenue, Toronto, Canada; Division of Haematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Epidemiology of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) in paediatric cancer patients is uncertain. The primary objective was to describe the prevalence of CDI outcomes among paediatric patients receiving cancer treatments. Secondary objectives were to describe clinical features of CDI, propose a definition of severe CDI and to determine risk factors for CDI clinical outcomes. Read More

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Primary amyloidosis presenting with acute intestinal obstruction. An unusual case.

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2022 Jun 12;31(2):257-258. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

General and Gastrointestinal Surgery Department. Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca; Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de Salamanca (IBSAL). Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

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[Stenotic ischemic enteritis secondary to intraperitoneal band infiltration: a case report].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2022 ;119(6):566-572

Digestive and Lifestyle Diseases, Kagoshima University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences.

A 55-year-old man presented with vomiting and upper abdominal pain. Two months later, computed tomography revealed jejunal wall thickening and contrast enhancement. Double-balloon endoscopy revealed severe jejunal stenosis and mucosal prolapse. Read More

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Ileus in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors: a retrospective, pharmacovigilance study using Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database.

Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, PR China.

Objective: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been widely used in cancer treatment; however, some case reports suggested that ICIs treatment might result in ileus. This study aims to comprehensively reveal the relationship between ileus and ICIs treatment in real-world cases from Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS).

Methods: Reports from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2020 were extracted from the FAERS. Read More

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Bouveret Syndrome: A Rare Case and Review of the Literature.

Cureus 2022 May 6;14(5):e24768. Epub 2022 May 6.

Breast Surgery, Basildon and Thurrock University Hospital, Mid and South Essex NHS Foundation Trust, Basildon, GBR.

Bouveret syndrome is a subtype of gallstone ileus, wherein a calculus becomes entrapped in the duodenum via a cholecystocolic fistula, leading to gastric outlet obstruction. Due to the non-specific symptoms the patients present with, a diagnosis is reliant on computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or direct endoscopic visualisation. We report a case of Bouveret syndrome and review current literature, outlining the aetiopathogenesis and management strategies of this condition. Read More

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[Ogilvie´s syndrome as a rare complication of lumbar stenosis surgery: report of two cases and literature review].

Pan Afr Med J 2022 4;42. Epub 2022 May 4.

Service de Neurochirurgie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Guadeloupe, France.

Ogilvie´s syndrome is an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, characterized by massive colonic distension in the absence of mechanical cause. It is a very rare pathology after spinal surgery. We report two cases in the neurosurgery department of the University Hospital of Guadeloupe. Read More

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Lubiprostone is non-selective activator of cAMP-gated ion channels and Clc-2 has a minor role in its prosecretory effect in intestinal epithelial cells.

Mol Pharmacol 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Pediatrics, UCSF, United States

Loss of prosecretory Cl channel CFTR activity is considered as the key cause of gastrointestinal disorders in cystic fibrosis including constipation and meconium ileus. Clc-2 is proposed as an alternative Cl channel in intestinal epithelia that can compensate for CFTR loss-of-function. Lubiprostone is an FDA-approved drug with Clc-2 activation as its presumed mechanism of action. Read More

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Right colectomy from open to robotic - a single-center experience with functional outcomes in a learning-curve setting.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of General, Visceral, Thoracic, Transplant and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital of Giessen, Rudolf-Buchheim-Strasse 7, 35390, Giessen, Germany.

Purpose: Right colectomy (RC) is a frequently performed procedure. Beneath standard conventional open surgery (COS), various minimally invasive techniques had been introduced. Several advantages had recently been described for robotic approaches over COS or conventional laparoscopy. Read More

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Incidence and mortality results of intestinal obstruction in geriatric and adult patients: 10 years retrospective analysis.

Turk J Surg 2021 Dec 31;37(4):363-370. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Clinic of Anesthesia and Reanimation, University of Health Science Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Objectives: People with ileus is one of the patient groups with the highest admission rates to the emergency departments. In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of age groups and etiological factors on mortality when evaluated together with gender.

Material And Methods: In our study, patients who were consulted from the Emergency Service to the General Surgery department with a pre-diagno- sis of abdominal pain between 2009 and 2020 were retrospectively screened. Read More

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December 2021

The Role of AirSeal in Robotic Urologic Surgery: A Systematic Review.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2022 Jun 7. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Urology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, New York, New York, USA.

The adoption of a valveless trocar system in robotic surgery has allowed for stable pneumoperitoneum and constant smoke evacuation. The reported benefits of this system are improved visualization, lower abdominal pressures resulting in a decrease in cardiopulmonary complications, ileus, and postoperative pain. We endeavored to perform a systematic review of the available literature on the clinical and systems-based outcomes of AirSeal™ during robotic urologic surgery. Read More

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Report of a Misleading Case of the Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome.

Case Rep Gastrointest Med 2022 27;2022:6013579. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of Community Medicine, School of Medicine Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.

Superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMAS), which is also known as the cast syndrome, Wilkie's syndrome, or chronic duodenal ileus, is a specific type of duodenal obstruction characterized by the obstruction of the inferior part of the duodenum due to its compression between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta. This problem is usually resulting from loss of the mesenteric fat pad. The present report describes a case of SMAS who was an 18-year-old woman presenting with weight loss and postprandial pain. Read More

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Targin®: An effective opiate analgesia with minimal gastrointestinal side effects-An observational study.

J Opioid Manag 2022 May-Jun;18(3):281-286

Department of Surgery, Tauranga Hospital, Tauranga, BOP, New Zealand; Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9359-8579.

Objective: To examine the role of Targin® (oral oxycodone:naloxone combination) in the perioperative setting.

Design: A single center prospective observational pilot study at a regional hospital.

Setting: Thirty-eight eligible patients undergoing major general surgical operations were recruited. Read More

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A febrile occlusion revealing a biliary ileus.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 22;94:107113. Epub 2022 Apr 22.

Department of General Surgery, Mohamed VI University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Laboratory of Anatomy, Microsurgery and Surgery Experimental and Medical Simulation, Oujda, Morocco.

Biliary ileus is a consequence of the migration of a gallstone from the gallbladder to the digestive tract, most often via a biliodigestive fistula that causes a bowel obstruction. The clinic is atypical and capricious, including bowel obstruction and signs of cholecystitis, causing a delay in diagnosis. The therapeutic objective is to remove the intestinal obstacle by an enterotomy with stone extraction, with or without treatment of the biliary pathology (cholecystectomy and biliary fistula cure). Read More

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Bouveret syndrome: A challenging case of impacted gallstone within the fourth part of the duodenum.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 14;94:107084. Epub 2022 Apr 14.

General Surgery Department, Croydon University Hospital, London CR7 7YE, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Bouveret syndrome is a rare condition characterised by gastric outlet obstruction secondary to a gallstone fistulating into the proximal duodenum or pylorus. Although rare, this condition carries a high mortality rate and no current standardised guidelines for management.

Case Presentation: We present a case of a patient in their 60s with recurrent small bowel obstruction secondary to a cholecysto-duodenal fistula and large gallstone which became impacted in the fourth part of the duodenum. Read More

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Echoscopy in scanning abdominal diseases in a critical care setting.

Med Klin Intensivmed Notfmed 2022 Jun 2. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department Allgemeine Innere Medizin (DAIM), Kliniken Hirslanden Beau Site, Salem und Permancence, Bern, Switzerland.

Background And Aims: Targeted ultrasound examinations with portable ultrasound device (handheld ultrasound system [HHUS]) have been defined as "echoscopy" by the European Federation of Societies of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (EFSUMB). For abdominal diseases it has been shown that echoscopy is sensitive and specific. The aim of this study is to show that the use of HHUS for abdominal ultrasonography is possible under the conditions prevailing in emergency and intensive care medicine and that it is not inferior to high-end devices (high-end ultrasound systems [HEUS]). Read More

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Preventive effect of fucoxanthin administration on intra-abdominal adhesion: An experimental animal study.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2022 Jun;28(6):743-750

Department of Pathology, Health Sciences University, Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır-Turkey.

Background: The most common cause of intra-abdominal adhesion (IAA) is previous abdominal surgery and mortality. IAA can cause serious complications such as chronic abdominal pain, ileus, and infertility. Approximately 3% of all laparotomies are related to adhesions. Read More

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