4,971 results match your criteria Hypopharyngeal Cancer

Swallowing function after transoral surgery for laryngopharyngeal cancer.

PLoS One 2022 24;17(6):e0270509. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Transoral surgery (TOS) has been widely used to treat laryngopharyngeal cancers. Although TOS is a minimally invasive procedure, postoperative complications, such as postoperative dysphagia, may occur, which can lead to a poor quality of life for patients undergoing TOS. This study aimed to investigate factors that may affect swallowing function in patients who underwent TOS for laryngopharyngeal cancers. Read More

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Prognostic Value of Pathologically Positive Nodal Number in p16-Negative Oropharyngeal and Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma with pN3b Status.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2022 Jun 12;12(6). Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Kaohsiung Chang Gung Head and Neck Oncology Group, Cancer Center, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung 83301, Taiwan.

In this study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic value of the number of pathologically positive nodes (pN+) in p16-negative oropharyngeal (OPSCC) and hypopharyngeal (HPSCC) squamous cell carcinoma cases with pN3b status after surgery. We reviewed the clinical and pathological features of 120 newly diagnosed p16-negative OPSCC and HPSCC patients with pN3b status after radical surgery. The primary endpoints were the 5-year overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and their prognostic factors. Read More

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RCAN1-mediated calcineurin inhibition as a target for cancer therapy.

Mol Med 2022 Jun 18;28(1):69. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, 79 Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310009, Zhejiang, China.

Cancer is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Regulator of calcineurin 1 (RCAN1), as a patent endogenous inhibitor of calcineurin, plays crucial roles in the pathogenesis of cancers. Except for hypopharyngeal and laryngopharynx cancer, high expression of RCAN1 inhibits tumor progression. Read More

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The effect of HPV DNA and p16 status on the prognosis of patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma: a meta-analysis.

BMC Cancer 2022 Jun 15;22(1):658. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Jilin University, Xinmin Street 1163, 130021, Changchun, P. R. China.

Objective: To evaluate whether the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA and p16 might be associated with better prognosis in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma (HPC), especially on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS).

Method: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, the Web of Science and EMBASE were searched from inception to April 2021 to search for HPV DNA- and p16-related prognostic articles on HPC. Meta-analysis was performed on the selected articles according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

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The Prognostic Capacity of Systemic Inflammation Response Index, Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio, Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio, and Platelet-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Patients with Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2022 Jun 16:1-11. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Systemic inflammation response index (SIRI), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been proposed as peripheral blood biomarkers. We compared these blood biomarkers to identify the best predictor in patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC).

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 304 patients with HPSCC. Read More

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Efficacy evaluation of different measurement methods for target lesions after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical radiotherapy in locally advanced hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2022 Jun 12. Epub 2022 Jun 12.

Department of Radiology, Key laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Peking University, Beijing, P.R. China.

Aim: To assess the diagnostic efficacy in response evaluation of hypopharyngeal carcinoma (HPC) using different CT measurement methods.

Methods And Materials: One hundred and three patients with locally advanced HPC receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and radical radiotherapy (RT) were retrospectively enrolled. The long diameter, short diameter and largest axial area of the tumors and the largest metastatic cervical lymph node (LN) were measured before and after NACT, at the end of RT and 1 month after RT. Read More

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The clinicopathological significance of PD-L1 expression assessed by the combined positive score (CPS) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Pathol Res Pract 2022 May 4;236:153934. Epub 2022 May 4.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

The expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is being used as a predictive biomarker for immunotherapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Our study was a retrospective cohort that assessed PD-L1 expression levels through immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 119 surgical specimens from HNSCC patients. The expression of PD-L1 was evaluated by IHC staining using the monoclonal antibody 22C3 (Dako) and the combined positive score (CPS). Read More

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RNA demethylase ALKBH5 regulates hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma ferroptosis by posttranscriptionally activating NFE2L2/NRF2 in an m A-IGF2BP2-dependent manner.

J Clin Lab Anal 2022 Jun 11:e24514. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Having emerged as the most abundant posttranscriptional internal mRNA modification in eukaryotes, N6-methyladenosine (m A) has attracted tremendous scientific interest in recent years. However, the functional importance of the m A methylation machinery in ferroptosis regulation in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) remains unclear.

Methods: We herein performed bioinformatic analysis, cell biological analyses, transcriptome-wide m A sequencing (m A-seq, MeRIP-seq), RNA sequencing (RNA-seq), and RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (RIP-seq), followed by m A dot blot, MeRIP-qPCR, RIP-qPCR, and dual-luciferase reporter assays. Read More

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RAF1 promotes lymphatic metastasis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma via regulating LAGE1: an experimental research.

J Transl Med 2022 Jun 6;20(1):255. Epub 2022 Jun 6.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: Lymphatic metastasis was an independent prognostic risk factor for hypopharyngeal carcinoma and was the main cause of treatment failure. The purpose of this study was to screen the differential genes and investigate the mechanism of lymphatic metastasis in hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

Methods: Transcriptome sequencing was performed on primary tumors of patients, and differential genes were screened by bioinformatics analysis. Read More

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Analysis of Mutational Profile of Hypopharyngeal and Laryngeal Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas Identifies as a Potential Tumor Suppressor.

Front Oncol 2022 19;12:768954. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Tumor Biology and Genetics, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Hypopharyngeal cancer is a poorly characterized type of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with bleak prognosis and only few studies focusing specifically on the genomic profile of this type of cancer. We performed molecular profiling of 48 HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)-negative tumor samples including 23 originating from the hypopharynx and 25 from the larynx using a targeted next-generation sequencing approach. Among genes previously described as significantly mutated, , and were found to be most frequently mutated. Read More

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Risk Stratification of Dysphagia After Surgical Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Front Surg 2022 19;9:879830. Epub 2022 May 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Hypopharyngeal cancer is managed by either surgical resection or radiation therapy-based treatment. In choosing the treatment modality, the patient's swallowing function should be considered to achieve optimal treatment outcomes. This study aimed to stratify the risk factors predictive of postoperative dysphagia in hypopharyngeal cancer. Read More

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Advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma mimicking thyroid abscess in a young male: Case report and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 3;94:107154. Epub 2022 May 3.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Introduction And Importance: Thyroid gland involvement by hypopharyngeal carcinoma is due to their close proximity. Initial presentation of such cancer as a thyroid abscess is rare in clinical practice thus risk of potential misdiagnosis. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case in Tanzania. Read More

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Recurrent Carotid artery blow out in a head & neck patient.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2022 May 18;94:107089. Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Department of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery, St James' Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland.

Introduction And Importance: Carotid artery blowout syndrome is a rare complication of head and neck cancer treatment. It defines a rupture of the carotid artery wall through vessel wall necrosis. This is typically precipitated by radiotherapy, direct tumour invasion, or a combination of these factors. Read More

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Long-Term Survival of Patients After Total Pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy With Gastric Pull-Up Reconstruction for Hypopharyngeal or Laryngeal Cancer Invading Cervical Esophagus.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2022 Jun 3:34894221098802. Epub 2022 Jun 3.

Digestive Surgery Department, Cho Ray hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Objectives: Hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers are aggressive and usually diagnosed at advanced stage with esophagus invasion. Total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy with gastric pull-up reconstruction has been a common surgery for these cancers but long-term outcomes are still questionable. This study aimed to investigate short-term and long-term outcomes of patients who underwent this surgery. Read More

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Radial forearm free flap and a freka-trelumina tube for management of a refractory pharyngocutaneous fistula: A case report.

Xiaomin Bao Jian Li

Ear Nose Throat J 2022 Jun 2:1455613221106210. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 71068Sun Yat-Sen University First Afliated Hospital, Guangzhou, China.

The management of pharyngocutaneous fistulas (PCFs) is challenging. A multidisciplinary treatment approach according to the clinical needs of a patient is essential for PCF management. Here, we describe the use of a double-layer closure technique involving a radial forearm free flap (RFFF) and a Freka-Trelumina nasojejunal tube in the reconstruction of a refractory PCF. Read More

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Surgeon Volume and Laryngectomy Outcomes.

Laryngoscope 2022 May 30. Epub 2022 May 30.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.

Objective: To examine the relationship between surgeon volume and operative morbidity and mortality for laryngectomy.

Data Sources: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was used to identify 45,156 patients who underwent laryngectomy procedures for laryngeal or hypopharyngeal cancer between 2001 and 2011. Hospital and surgeon laryngectomy volume were modeled as categorical variables. Read More

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Long-Term Swallowing Outcome and Dysphagia in Advanced Staged Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas after Radiotherapy.

J Clin Med 2022 May 10;11(10). Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of radiotherapy (RT) on dysphagia and long-term swallowing outcome in patients with stage III and IV head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs).

Material And Methods: Between 2005 and 2008, 189 patients with HNSCCs underwent primary or adjuvant RT in a curative setting. Long-term swallowing outcome was evaluated in 50 patients. Read More

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Sex Differences in the Prevalence of Head and Neck Cancers: A 10-Year Follow-Up Study of 10 Million Healthy People.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 May 20;14(10). Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 06591, Korea.

Background: Descriptive epidemiologists have repeatedly reported that males are more susceptible to head and neck cancers. However, most published data are those of cross-sectional studies, and no population-based cohort study has yet been published. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of head and neck cancers in healthy males with females. Read More

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Reducing complications in reconstruction of the cervical esophagus with anterolateral thigh flap: The five points protocol.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2022 Apr 28. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, No. 91, Xueshi Road, North District, Taichung City 404, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Patients suffering from hypopharyngeal cancer commonly present in the advanced stage and undergo a circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy. The possibility to reconstruct the esophagus and achieve an oral alimentation can significantly reduce the additional burden of a jejunostomy. The cervical esophagus is usually reconstructed with jejunal free flap (JFF) or fasciocutaneous free flap such as the anterolateral thigh (ALT) free flap. Read More

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[Feasibility and perioperative safety of transoral robotic surgery with da Vinci Xi platform].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2022 May;57(5):565-571

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China.

To explore the feasibility and perioperative safety of transoral robotic surgery with da Vinci Xi platform for pharyngolaryngeal tumors. A retrospective analysis was performed on 55 consecutive cases with resection of pharyngolaryngeal tumors by transoral robotic surgery with da Vinci Xi platform from July 27, 2020 to October 31, 2021 in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Fudan University Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, including 44 males and 11 females, aged 25-79 years. There were 41 cases of oropharyngeal tumors, 9 cases of parapharyngeal space tumors, 2 cases of laryngeal tumors, 2 cases of hypopharyngeal tumors and 1 case of retropharyngeal space tumor. Read More

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[Larynx preservation up to T4 laryngeal cancer?]

HNO 2022 May 24. Epub 2022 May 24.

Heidelberger Institut für Global Health, Universität Heidelberg, Gebäude 6130.3, Ebene 6, Im Neuenheimer Feld 130.3, 69120, Heidelberg, Deutschland.

Could primary chemoradiotherapy (pCRT) possibly be viewed as an alternative standard therapy to upfront total laryngectomy (TL)? According to the new German S3 guideline, despite higher rates of local recurrence, there would be no survival disadvantage and salvage surgery would be a curative option. In several large database studies and case series, statistically significant survival disadvantages of more than 30% between pCRT and TL have been reported for T4 laryngeal cancer. According to the literature, the success rate of salvage TL for T4 laryngeal cancer is only about 25-50%. Read More

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Swallowing function improvement using costal cartilage for severe dysphagia after supracricoid hemilaryngopharyngectomy.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2022 May 20. Epub 2022 May 20.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, 54 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Supracricoid hemilaryngopharyngectomy (SCHLP) is a laryngeal preservation surgery for hypopharyngeal carcinoma confined to the pyriform sinus or laryngeal carcinoma with arytenoid infiltration. Postoperative dysphagia is inevitable, but both voice and swallowing functions can be preserved. Here, we present a case of severe dysphagia secondary to unexpected postoperative tissue loss and scarring. Read More

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Use of free modified jejunal flaps to reconstruct pharyngoesophageal defects with preservation of the larynx in three cases.

Thorac Cancer 2022 Jun 14;13(12):1870-1873. Epub 2022 May 14.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

The larynx is often sacrificed in patients with hypopharyngoesophageal cancer before reconstruction using the jejunum to restore the continuity of the digestive tract and allow oral alimentation. We retrospectively collected and analyzed data from three patients who underwent hypopharyngoesophageal reconstruction by partial patch and partial tube free jejunal flap with preservation of laryngeal function. All three flaps survived in patients who underwent the modified jejunal flaps. Read More

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Functional Outcomes in Head and Neck Cancer Patients.

Cancers (Basel) 2022 Apr 25;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics and Medical Psychology, Medical University of Innsbruck, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.

With the increase in long-term survivorship of head and neck cancer (HNC), the functional outcomes are gaining importance. We reported the functional outcomes of HNC patients using the HNC-Functional InTegrity (FIT) Scales, which is a validated tool for the rapid clinical assessment of functional status based on observable clinical criteria. Patients with newly diagnosed HNC treated at the Medical University of Innsbruck between 2008 and 2020 were consecutively included, and their status in the six functional domains of food-intake, breathing, speech, pain, mood, and neck and shoulder mobility was scored by the treating physician at oncological follow-up visits on a scale from 0 (loss of function) to 4 (full function). Read More

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Elevated LSD1 and SNAIL Expression Indicate Poor Prognosis in Hypopharynx Carcinoma.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 May 3;23(9). Epub 2022 May 3.

Institute of Pathology, University of Luebeck and University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Luebeck, 23538 Luebeck, Germany.

Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are among the most common cancers worldwide and are associated with a poor prognosis for patients. Among HNSCC, those originating in the hypopharynx have the worst prognosis. The histone demethylase LSD1 has been shown to promote cancer initiation, progression, and relapse through various mechanisms and is upregulated in many cancer tissues. Read More

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Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for a Giant Well-Differentiated Liposarcoma Originated from Hypopharynx.

Ear Nose Throat J 2022 May 11:1455613221096624. Epub 2022 May 11.

Endoscopy Center and Endoscopy Research Institute, Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai Collaborative Innovation Center of Endoscopy, 92323Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Hypopharyngeal liposarcoma is an extremely rare entity, and yet fewer than 40 cases have been reported in the literature. Lacking the possibility of distant metastases, local surgical resection with a clear margin can achieve the purpose of treatment. Endoscopic submucosal dissection has been widely used in the treatment of early upper gastrointestinal cancer and superficial hypopharyngeal cancer. Read More

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Efficacy of Larynx Preservation Surgery and Multimodal Adjuvant Therapy for Hypopharyngeal Cancer: A Case Series Study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2022 May 10:1455613221098784. Epub 2022 May 10.

Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Friendship Hospital, 26455Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Larynx preservation surgery (LPS) combined with multimodal adjuvant therapy (MAT) is re-emerging as treatment option for hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC). This study aims to explore the survival and functional outcome of this combined approach. This is a retrospective cohort study. Read More

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A Novel Overall Survival Nomogram Prediction of Secondary Primary Malignancies after Hypopharyngeal Cancer: A Population-Based Study.

J Oncol 2022 28;2022:4681794. Epub 2022 Apr 28.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking University Cancer Hospital and Institute, Beijing 100142, China.

Objectives: We aimed to construct a nomogram for predicting the overall survival (OS) of patients with secondary primary malignancies (SPMs) after hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC).

Methods: 613 HPC patients were included in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2000 and 2018, which were divided into training and validation cohorts. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operation (LASSO) and stepwise Cox regression were used to determine the variables by which a nomogram model was established. Read More

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