4,225 results match your criteria Hypopharyngeal Cancer


[Outcome of neck dissection for 154 cN0/cN1 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of hypopharynx and prognostic analysis].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Apr;54(4):272-279

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China.

To determine the relationship between nodal disease distribution patterns and oncological outcome and optimum management of cN0/cN1 patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC). The collected clinical data and the follow-up disease-free survival (DFS) information from 154 patients with HPSCC treated between 2001 and 2014 in Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate DFS rate. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.issn.1673-0860.2019.04.007DOI Listing

Docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil combination chemoradiotherapy for patients with cervical esophageal cancer: a single-center retrospective study.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2019 Apr 9. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of General Surgical Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma University, 3-39-22 Showa-machi, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.

Background: To evaluate the efficacy of docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5-fluorouracil as combination chemoradiotherapy (DCF-RT) for cervical esophageal cancer (CEC), we performed a retrospective analysis of CEC patients treated by DCF-RT at a single institution.

Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective study. Twenty-one patients with CEC who underwent DCF-RT between 1999 and 2017 at our institute were included in this study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00280-019-03835-0DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Necrotizing Sialometaplasia of the Hypopharynx.

Ear Nose Throat J 2019 Apr 9:145561319840826. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, MA, USA.

Necrotizing sialometaplasia (NSM) is a benign, reactive metaplastic condition of the minor salivary gland tissue typically seen in the setting of injury, chemical or traumatic, and is nonneoplastic and self-limited. The diagnosis may be challenging as it may clinically mimic malignancy. We present the case of a 74-year-old male with a 1 pack per day smoking history for 60 years who presented with a reported 20-pound weight loss, dysphagia, and dysphonia progressing over the course of 6 months and found to have a 3. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145561319840826DOI Listing
April 2019
2 Reads

Apatinib and S-1 combination therapy for the treatment of advanced head and neck neoplasms: Three case reports.

J Cancer Res Ther 2019 ;15(2):442-446

Department of Oncology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong Province, China.

Apatinib, one of the novel oral antiangiogenic agents, shows survival benefits in treating advanced or metastatic gastric adenocarcinoma. However, its efficacy in treating advanced head and neck neoplasms has not been reported. Herein, three elderly men with advanced head and neck neoplasms were treated with apatinib and S-1. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_894_18DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Organ Preservation Protocols in T4 Laryngeal Cancer: a Review of the Literature.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2019 Mar 1;10(1):149-155. Epub 2018 Dec 1.

1Department of Head and Neck Oncology, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India.

Population-based studies indicate that chemoradiation has become the most popular treatment for advanced laryngeal cancers; however, by extrapolating trial results to the general population, several issues have emerged, such as reduced overall survival, non-functional laryngeal preservation, and poor response to treatment. Although included in these trials, T4 laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers with cartilage invasion formed a small percentage of these patients and questions over whether they were appropriately staged remain unanswered. Literature on the use of chemoradiation in this set of patients, including the challenges, treatment considerations, and factors predicting response to treatment and outcomes, was reviewed. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s13193-018-0840-9
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13193-018-0840-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6414558PMC
March 2019
10 Reads

Treatment Options for Hypopharyngeal Cancer in Developing Countries in Africa/South America/Asia.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:159-166. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery and Otorhinolaryngology, AC Camargo Hospital, São Paulo, Brazil.

Most cancers occur in developing countries, and therefore, a discussion about cancer care would be incomplete without providing a developing world perspective. This chapter focuses on challenges and practices relating to hypopharyngeal cancer in limited-resource public healthcare systems in developing countries and specifically in Sub-Saharan Africa, India and South America and by extension, most patients in the developing world. Management of hypopharyngeal cancer must be adapted to the availability of specialised diagnostic and therapeutic services, radiotherapy and surgical expertise, and tailored to patient factors such as reliability of follow-up and social support. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492360DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Outcomes of Tumour Control from Primary Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:90-108. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

The Royal Marsden Hospital, London, United Kingdom,

Hypopharynx cancer continues to pose a clinically challenging head and neck subsite, driven not only by the unique set of patient, anatomic and disease factors but also by the paucity of robust clinical data to guide clinical decision making. The standard of care of radical surgery (pharyngolaryngectomy) in combination with postoperative radiotherapy was the previously accepted norm in the setting of advanced hypopharynx cancer, but this was often at the expense of significant morbidity. In the absence of survival benefit for advanced staged disease with radical surgical approaches, over the last 2 decades, the philosophy of quality of life in survivors has driven the agenda for new therapeutic approaches. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492316DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Clinical and Radiological Evaluation of Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:35-46. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Radiology, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Pre-treatment clinical and radiological evaluations represent a key step in the proper management of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. First, office-based endoscopy allows the assessment of superficial tumor extension, signs of laryngeal infiltration, and the overall residual function of the laryngo-hypopharyngeal complex. Different tools, maneuvers, and techniques can improve this essential diagnostic step and should be considered a prerequisite to direct subsequent investigations and give an initial indication for the most appropriate treatment. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492306DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Treatment Options for Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:47-53. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Patients with hypopharyngeal cancer are difficult to treat because they typically present with advanced disease, poor general health status and severe nutritional problems. Currently, treatment options for previously untreated and newly diagnosed hypopharyngeal cancer patients include surgery of the primary tumour and lymph nodes metastasis, radiotherapy, systemic medical treatment, including traditional chemotherapy and immunotherapy. Currently, a multimodal treatment approach is preferred using surgery, radiotherapy and systemic therapy with curative intent and best supportive care in patients considered unfit for curative treatment or patients presenting with distant metastatic spread. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492308
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492308DOI Listing
February 2019
3 Reads

Symptoms and Signs, Staging and Co-Morbidity of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:15-26. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom,

Early throat symptoms are common and a diagnosis of hypopharyngeal cancer rare; therefore, confirming or excluding a serious diagnosis is missed or overlooked by both the patient and the practitioner - however, symptoms such as throat clearing and food sticking, which persist in adult patients who have the social habit of tobacco usage and/or drink excessive alcohol should be examined by a specialist to exclude the presence of hypopharyngeal cancer. Late symptoms/signs include neck swelling (uni- or bilateral), dysphagia, odynophagia, otalgia, dysphonia, dyspnoea and stridor. Associated with advancing age and social habits, many patients have co-morbidities such as diabetes mellitus, respiratory, cardiovascular disease and behavioural health disorders that play a major role in selecting the optimal treatment and thus a likely worse long-term outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492304DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Epidemiology of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 5;83:1-14. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom,

Hypopharyngeal cancer is uncommon in the developed world; it is mostly diagnosed in men who smoke tobacco and consume excessive alcohol and uncommon in women. However, recent trends in the developed world show that there has been an annual increase in the percentage of women with hypopharyngeal cancer. In France, there has been a significant annual percentage change in the incidence of this form of cancer - a decrease in men and a greater increase in women since the 1980s. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492299DOI Listing
February 2019

Systemic Therapy, Palliation and Supportive Care of Patients with Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:148-158. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Klagenfurt General Hospital, Klagenfurt, Austria.

Hypopharyngeal cancer patients have a very poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options. Seventy to eighty per cent of all hypopharyngeal cancer patients will require palliative and/or end-of-life care for incurable end-stage disease during the course of their illness. The overall proportion of hypopharyngeal cancer patients not qualifying for initial curative treatment, or requiring palliation and supportive care over time is higher than for any other subsite of the head and neck. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492359
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492359DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Surgical Treatment of Advanced Staged Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:66-75. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Division of Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Hong Kong Medical Centre, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, China,

It is not uncommon for patients with hypopharyngeal cancer to present at an advanced stage of disease. Surgical treatment provides a cure for the tumour with immediate relief from obstruction to the airway and the swallowing passage. Careful planning of surgery is important to ensure good outcome of treatment and prevent complications, some of which may be fatal. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492312DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Natural History of Treated and Untreated Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:27-34. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Patients with hypopharyngeal cancers frequently present at advanced stage and in poor general health status. Their natural history is characterised by diffuse local primary disease, mucosal and submucosal spread, early cervical nodal metastasis, and a relatively high rate of distant spread. By the time of initial diagnosis, some 60% of all hypopharyngeal cancer patients will be with stage IV disease, some 5% will present with distant metastases, and almost 40% will have a significant reduction in performance status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492305DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Primary Treatment of T1-T2 Hypopharyngeal Cancer: Changing Paradigms.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:54-65. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium,

There has been a general shift in the treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer from open surgical techniques (either radical or partial "organ" preserving) toward non-surgi cal "organ preserving" strategies (radiotherapy [RT] or chemoradiotherapy [CRT]) and minimally invasive transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) or transoral robotic surgery (TORS). Oncologic outcomes reported are comparable whatever modality is chosen, but better functional outcomes are observed in the RT/CRT and TLM/TORS-treated patients. Because of the high rate of second primary malignancies, which influences overall survival, one could favor an up-front transoral surgical procedure as a primary treatment modality for early hypoharyngeal carcinoma, leaving the (chemo)radiotherapeutic option open for treatment of a likely later emerging second primary. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492310
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492310DOI Listing
February 2019
4 Reads

Salvage Treatment Options after Failed Primary Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:135-147. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Head and Neck Unit, Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom.

Recurrent hypopharyngeal cancer (rHPC) is a high-risk fatal disease associated with poor prognosis and high risk of complications in patients who are suitable to undergo salvage treatment. The treatment of such patients should be managed by a dedicated multidisciplinary team, most frequently a tertiary centre. and with the agreement of the patient. Read More

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https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/492357
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492357DOI Listing
February 2019
6 Reads

Future Perspectives in Hypopharyngeal Cancer Care.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:167-175. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Recent advances in minimal access surgery have shown promise in the treatment of limited hypopharyngeal lesions. In spite of their functionally excellent results in individual patients, it currently remains unlikely that these approaches will gain a more major universal impact on hypopharyngeal cancer care. In advanced stage hypopharyngeal cancer, the use of the traditional radical surgery, such as laryngo-pharyngectomy, is no longer accepted by many patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492361DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Quality of Life Outcomes following Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Cancer.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:126-134. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

University Department of Otolaryngology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, United Kingdom,

Quality of life (QoL) is an important consideration in the management of individuals with head and neck cancer. The poor prognosis and significant impact of treatment modalities on function of the salivary glands, larynx and pharynx combine to make hypopharyngeal carcinoma a particularly challenging condition to treat. The impact of diagnosis and treatment on health related QoL is substantial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492356DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Genetic Factors Associated with a Poor Outcome in Head and Neck Cancer Patients Receiving Definitive Chemoradiotherapy.

Cancers (Basel) 2019 Mar 29;11(4). Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Division of Cell Biology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

About half of advanced stage head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients can be cured by chemoradiotherapy. Patient outcome may be partially determined by the genetic alterations in HNSCC, rendering these alterations promising candidate prognostic factors and/or therapeutic targets. However, their relevance in patient outcome prognosis remains to be assessed in patients that receive standard-of-care chemoradiotherapy. Read More

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https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6694/11/4/445
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11040445DOI Listing
March 2019
5 Reads

Effects of occupational status on social adjustment after laryngectomy in patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2019 May 29;276(5):1439-1446. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Nursing, Saitama Prefectural University, 820, Sannomiya, Koshigaya, Saitama, Japan.

Purpose: This study was performed to examine the relationship of social adjustment with occupation and life changes in patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer, from before laryngectomy to 1 year after hospital discharge.

Methods: The subjects were 27 patients with laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer who were admitted to hospital for laryngectomy and provided informed consent for participation in the study. The patients answered questionnaire surveys before surgery, and 3, 6, and 12 months after hospital discharge. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-019-05378-9DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Comparative efficacy of six therapies for Hypopharyngeal and laryngeal neoplasms: a network meta-analysis.

BMC Cancer 2019 Mar 29;19(1):282. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, No. 661 Second Huanghe Road, Binzhou, 256603, Shandong, China.

Background: Hypopharyngeal and laryngeal neoplasms are both fatal and hard to catch in early stages. Yet which treatment is the most efficacious one still remain unanswered. This network meta-analysis (NMA) was conducted to investigate effectiveness of six therapies being utilized in clinical practice nowadays. Read More

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https://bmccancer.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12885-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-019-5412-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6439970PMC
March 2019
4 Reads

Navigation-guided biopsy of retropharyngeal lymph nodes.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Mar 18;12(3). Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital of Sion, Sion, Switzerland.

The impact of metastasis to the retropharyngeal lymph node group is poorly understood because of the difficult access to the retropharyngeal space (RPS). In 20%-50% of surgically treated oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal, and cervical oesophageal carcinomas, we can find metastases to the retropharyngeal lymph nodes (RPLNs). The use of a three-dimensional (3D)-imaging-guided navigation system to perform a biopsy for a suspicion of metastasis in an RPLN can provide advantages in terms of better precision and 3D orientation with protection of the surrounding critical structures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227201DOI Listing
March 2019
3 Reads

Hypopharyngeal Skin Cancer Following Total Laryngectomy and Pectoralis Flap Reconstruction: Case Report and Literature Review.

Head Neck Pathol 2019 Mar 19. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Although early complications of microvascular free flaps and regional pedicled flaps of the head and neck are well described in the literature, there is relatively limited knowledge regarding their long-term complications. We describe the case of a 62-year-old gentleman who underwent primary resection and adjuvant radiation therapy for supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma who subsequently underwent salvage total laryngectomy with pectoralis major muscle flap reconstruction. During a later esophageal dilation for complaints of dysphagia, a new exophytic lesion of the hypopharynx was biopsied on endoscopy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12105-019-01029-xDOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Increased risk of larynx cancer in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease from a national sample cohort.

Clin Otolaryngol 2019 Mar 18. Epub 2019 Mar 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head& Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang, Korea.

Objectives: The present study evaluated the associations between gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and head and neck cancer using a national sample cohort of the Korean population.

Design: We designed two studies using data collected from patients aged ≥ 40 years in the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort from 2002 to 2013.

Main Outcome Measures: Study I included participants with GERD matched 1:2 with controls and analyzed the incidences of lip and oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx cancers. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coa.13328DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Primary poorly differentiated small cell type neuroendocrine carcinoma of the hypopharynx.

Onco Targets Ther 2019 27;12:1593-1601. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Otolaryngology, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang Province 310003, China,

The incidence of primary poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (PDNC) of the hypopharynx iŝ4%. However, the disease pathogenesis, natural history, and prognostic factors remain poorly understood. We report the case of a 66-year-old man who presented with multiple metastases from primary PDNC of the hypopharynx. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S189241DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398402PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Arytenoid Fixation in Laryngeal Cancer: Radiological Pictures and Clinical Correlations with Respect to Conservative Treatments.

Cancers (Basel) 2019 Mar 13;11(3). Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Head and Neck Oncology Service, Candiolo Cancer Institute-FPO IRCCS, 10060 Candiolo (TO), Italy.

The aim of this retrospective study was to identify different radiological features in intermediate⁻advanced laryngeal cancer (LC) associated with arytenoid fixation, in order to differentiate cases still safely amenable to conservative treatment by partial laryngectomy or chemoradiotherapy. : 29 consecutive patients who underwent open partial horizontal laryngectomies (OPHLs), induction chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy in the case of >50% response (IC + RT) or total laryngectomy were classified as: pattern I (supraglottic LC fixing the arytenoid due to weight effect), pattern II (glottic LC involving the posterior paraglottic space and spreading toward the crico-arytenoid joint and infraglottic extension <10 mm), pattern III (glottic-infraglottic LC involving the crico-arytenoid joint and infraglottic extension >10 mm) and pattern IV (transglottic and infraglottic LC with massive crico-arytenoid unit involvement, reaching the hypopharyngeal submucosa). All glottic cancers treated with surgery were studied by a cross sectional approach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers11030360DOI Listing
March 2019
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Overexpression of S100A4 Predicts Migration, Invasion, and Poor Prognosis of Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Mol Diagn Ther 2019 Mar 13. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

NHC Key Laboratory of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, Shandong, China.

Introduction: Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC) is among the most lethal tumors encountered in the head and neck and frequently involves regional metastasis. However, the mechanism underlying the aggressiveness of HSCC remains elusive. S100A4 is a well-established metastasis-promoting regulator in a variety of malignancies, but its role in HSCC has not yet been identified. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40291-019-00393-2DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Current role of primary surgical treatment in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Curr Opin Oncol 2019 May;31(3):138-145

Institut Universitaire de la Face et du Cou, Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Université Côte d'Azur, Nice, France.

Purpose Of Review: The objective of this review article is to discuss the current role of surgery as the primary treatment modality in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

Recent Findings: HNSCC represents one of the cancer locations where the primary treatment modality is the most under discussion. Indeed, the respective roles of primary surgical resection followed, as necessary, by adjuvant radiotherapy or definitive chemoradiotherapy remain controversial. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCO.0000000000000531DOI Listing
May 2019
2 Reads

Metformin Suppresses Hypopharyngeal Cancer Growth by Epigenetically Silencing Long Non-coding RNA SNHG7 in FaDu Cells.

Front Pharmacol 2019 22;10:143. Epub 2019 Feb 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery - Province Key Laboratory of Otolaryngology Critical Diseases, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Local recurrence after therapy remains a challenging problem for hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) due to the chemotherapy resistance. Metformin is associated with reduced cancer risk through promoting global DNA methylation in cancer cells by controlling -adenosylhomocysteine (SAHH) activity. However, the mechanisms by which metformin inhibits HPC remain elusive. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2019.00143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6395377PMC
February 2019

Radiation-induced angiosarcoma of the parotid gland after postoperative radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

Auris Nasus Larynx 2019 Mar 5. Epub 2019 Mar 5.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto City, Kyoto, Japan.

Secondary carcinogenesis within the irradiation range is one of the most severe problems in cancer survivors. A 60-year-old woman developed hypopharyngeal carcinoma, and she received radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. Eight years later, brown pigmentation and induration were observed in the left subaural region. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anl.2019.02.001DOI Listing
March 2019
1 Read

Malnutrition in head and neck cancer patients: Impacts and indications of a prophylactic percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy.

Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis 2019 Mar 4. Epub 2019 Mar 4.

Department of gastroenterology, School of Medicine, université Libre de Bruxelles, CHU Saint-Pierre, Brussels, Belgium.

Introduction: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients often experience malnutrition before and during treatment. Prophylactic gastrostomy has emerged as an efficient tool for ensuring adequate nutrition. However, there is no suitable algorithm able to identify patients at high risk of malnutrition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anorl.2019.01.001DOI Listing
March 2019
2 Reads

Organ preservation in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer.

Authors:
Stephen Kang

Oral Oncol 2019 Mar 28;90:6-7. Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Division of Head and Neck Oncology, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oraloncology.2019.01.014DOI Listing

Alcohol-metabolizing Enzymes' Gene Polymorphisms and Susceptibility to Multiple Head and Neck Cancers.

Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2019 Apr 6;12(4):247-254. Epub 2019 Mar 6.

Department of Public Health, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Multiple primary tumors (MPT), especially in the hypopharynx and esophagus, are challenging in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Alcohol and alcohol-metabolizing genes were reported to be related to upper digestive tract cancers. Here, we investigated whether the genotypes of alcohol-metabolizing enzymes (ADH1B, ADH1C, and ALDH2) affected patients' susceptibility to developing MPTs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-18-0449DOI Listing
April 2019
1 Read

Risk for a second primary hypopharyngeal and esophageal cancer after an initial primary oral cancer.

Oral Dis 2019 May 27;25(4):1067-1075. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: To investigate the risk for second primary cancer in the hypopharynx and esophagus (SPC-HE) among individuals with an initial oral/oropharyngeal cancer.

Materials And Methods: Mass screening data from Taiwan (2004-2009) included individuals who were ≥18 years old and smoked cigarettes and/or chewed betel quid. Occurrence of SPC-HE was monitored until December 31, 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/odi.13080DOI Listing

Direct health-care cost of head and neck cancers: a population-based study in north-eastern Italy.

Med Oncol 2019 Feb 28;36(4):31. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Unit of Radiatherapic Oncology, Centro di Riferimento Oncologico di Aviano (CRO) IRCCS, via Gallini 2, 33081, Aviano, PN, Italy.

Improvements in prognosis of head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) have paralleled with an increase in health-care costs, so that an economic evaluation is of growing importance. Presently, most of the evidence is from insurance-based studies in the USA. Between 2007 and 2010, 879 HNSCC patients were identified through the population-based cancer registry of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region, including 266 oral, 187 oropharyngeal, 136 hypopharyngeal, and 290 laryngeal cancers. Read More

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http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s12032-019-1256-2
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12032-019-1256-2DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

[The clinical characteristics and two different treatment outcomes of 321 patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2019 Mar;33(3):275-279

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Cancer Hospital of China Medical University, Liaoning Tumour Hospital, Shenyang, 110042, China.

To investigate the clinical characteristics, two different treatment outcomes and prognostic factors of hypopharyngeal carcinoma. The life table method was used to calculate the overall survival rates, Log-rank test was used to compare the overall survival rates between the two groups.The Cox proportional hazard model was used to perform the multivariate analysis to confirm independent treatment modalities as prognostic factors. Among the 321 patients, 197 patients received surgery combine with radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy treatment(S+R/CRT) and 124 patients received radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy treatment(R/CRT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2019.03.022DOI Listing

Surgical management around the paratracheal area of hypopharyngeal cancer.

Jpn J Clin Oncol 2019 Feb 28. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Japan.

Objective: We aimed to clarify the suitable surgical management around the paratracheal area of patients who undergo total pharyngolaryngectomy based on the pathological results of hypopharyngeal cancer.

Methods: The study was conducted under a multicenter, retrospective observational design in Japan. We analyzed histopathological paratracheal lymph node metastasis and thyroid invasion, and recurrence around the paratracheal area for 184 patients who underwent initial surgery among 280 participants. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jjco/hyz019DOI Listing
February 2019
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Surgery is not the only determinant of an outcome in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma.

Head Neck 2019 May 21;41(5):1165-1177. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The Prince of Wales Cancer Centre, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes in patients treated for hypopharyngeal carcinoma in a single-center and the importance of considering how patient factors influence outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on patients who were seen at the Prince of Wales Hospital from 1968 to 2015. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed for each patient and treatment factor to investigate outcomes of local control, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and ultimate local control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25496DOI Listing

The Expression of SOCS and NF-ϰB p65 in Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma.

Iran J Public Health 2018 Dec;47(12):1874-1882

Dept. of Nutriology, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Background: Hypopharyngeal carcinoma is one of the most common types of head and neck tumors. Suppressers of cytokine signalling (SOCS) family members are key regulators of cytokine homeostasis, they play important roles in the process of cell proliferation, differentiation, maturation and apoptosis, and participate in the occurrence and development of tumor. The abnormal activation of NF-ϰB is an important feature of the tumor. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6379622PMC
December 2018

Salvage radiotherapy for recurrent hypopharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) after first-line treatment with surgery alone: a 10-year single-centre experience.

Radiat Oncol 2019 Feb 19;14(1):34. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 400, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.

Purpose: Salvage surgery of recurrent hypopharyngeal and laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) results in limited local control and survival rates. As a result of recent technological progress, radiotherapy (RT) has become a valuable, potentially curative therapeutic option. Thus, we aimed to determine prognostic factors for survival outcome in order to optimize patient selection for salvage radiotherapy after failure of first-line treatment with surgery alone in this special patient cohort. Read More

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https://ro-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13014
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13014-019-1238-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6381740PMC
February 2019
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The Emerging Role of Robotic Surgery among Minimally Invasive Surgical Approaches in the Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Carcinoma: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2019 Feb 18;8(2). Epub 2019 Feb 18.

Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Humanitas University, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, 20089 Rozzano, Italy.

The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to investigate the available literature on transoral approaches in the treatment of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, with a special focus on transoral robotic surgery (TORS). A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA (preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses) check-list, and 15 studies were included. Five of the included studies evaluated TORS, while ten studies focused on transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for the treatment of early or advanced stage hypopharyngeal cancer. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm8020256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6406881PMC
February 2019

Hypopharyngeal cancer treatment: Does initial surgery confer survival benefit?

Head Neck 2019 Feb 19. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Otolaryngology and Immunology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Background: Organ preservation protocols have increasingly been applied for the treatment of head and neck cancers, including hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HSCC). We sought to evaluate whether patients treated with primary surgery followed by adjuvant therapy had survival benefit over patients treated with initial nonsurgical modalities.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed patients with new diagnosis of HSCC at the University of Pittsburgh (1994-2014) treated with either primary total laryngectomy with pharyngectomy or organ preservation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.25687DOI Listing
February 2019

The Limitations of Collagen/CPP Hybrid Peptides as Carriers for Cancer Drugs to FaDu Cells.

Molecules 2019 Feb 14;24(4). Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, California State University, Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Blvd, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA.

The in vitro efficacy of cancer prodrugs varies significantly between malignant cell lines. The most commonly identified problems relate to delivery: uptake mechanism, endosomal entrapment, and drug release. Here we present the study of collagen/cell penetrating hybrid (COL/CPP) peptide carriers intended to deliver paclitaxel to the hypopharyngeal carcinoma (FaDu) cells. Read More

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http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/24/4/676
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24040676DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6412366PMC
February 2019
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A case report of application of posterior pharyngeal flap in resection and reconstruction of posterior pharyngeal wall carcinomas located at the level of the cricoid cartilage.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(7):e14412

Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Rationale: posterior pharyngeal wall carcinomas located at the level of the cricoid cartilage is a rare occurrence. Surgical treatment is a dilemma owing to the retention of laryngeal function PATIENT CONCERNS:: A 56-year-old man underwent a "resection of left cervical tumor" at another hospital. Postoperative pathological report noted a left metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014412DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6408051PMC
February 2019
2 Reads

Swallowing and Voice Outcomes following Treatment of Hypopharyngeal Cancer: The Need for Supervised Rehabilitation.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:118-125. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department ENT Head and Neck Surgery, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Advances in and intensification of treatment in hypopharyngeal cancer have led to an increase in organ preservation and in overall survival. Treatment intensification comes at the cost of more pronounced acute and long-term side effects causing functional impairments in voice and swallowing. Swallowing and voice problems have a significant impact on communication, eating and nutrition, social well-being and quality of life. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492355DOI Listing
February 2019
5 Reads

Sequelae and Complications of Treatment for Hypopharyngeal Cancer: Minimising the Risks.

Adv Otorhinolaryngol 2019 12;83:109-117. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Department ENT Head and Neck Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer depends on the extent and location of the tumour, patient-specific or by factors (age, performance status, co-morbidity) and the presence of psychosocial support. Options available for the treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer consist of surgery and non-surgery - radiotherapy, chemoradiation, bioradiation, or a combination of these modalities. To maintain normal functioning as much as possible, functional organ preservation is widely recommended and generally utilizes radiotherapy and/or chemoradiation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000492319DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read