9,173 results match your criteria Hypoparathyroidism


What is the experience of our patients with transient hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy?

Surgery 2020 Jul 9. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI.

Background: We sought to better understand the experience of patients with transient hypoparathyroidism using patient interviews and quality of life surveys.

Methods: This is a prospective analysis of 62 patients after total thyroidectomy at a high-volume institution. Semistructured patient interviews and quality of life surveys were conducted preoperatively and postoperatively at 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year and compared based on postoperative parathyroid hormone levels. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.surg.2020.04.029DOI Listing

Clinical Presentation, Treatment, and Outcome of Parathyroid Carcinoma: Results of the NEKAR Retrospective International Multicenter Study.

Ann Surg 2020 Jul 7. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Department of General, Visceral, Transplant, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Objective: In this retrospective cohort study, we describe the clinical presentation and workup of parathyroid carcinoma (PC) and determine its clinical prognostic parameters. Primary outcome was recurrence free survival.

Summary Background Data: PC is an orphan malignancy for which diagnostic workup and treatment is not established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000004144DOI Listing

[Disorder of mobility of vocal folds on the background of hypoparathyroidism at patient after subtotal resection of thyroid gland].

Vestn Otorinolaringol 2020 ;85(3):88-90

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russia.

During surgery on the thyroid gland, injury to the recurrent nerve is possible with the development of a clinical picture due to impaired mobility of the vocal fold. A disturbance of the mobility of the opposite vocal fold in the form of a paradoxical spasm may join these manifestations if the parathyroid glands were affected during surgery, followed by a decrease in the level of ionized calcium in the blood. Management of such patients presents certain difficulties. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/otorino20208503188DOI Listing
January 2020

A novel variant in AIRE causing a rare, non‑classical autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1.

Mol Med Rep 2020 Aug 12;22(2):1285-1294. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Endocrinology, National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, P.R. China.

Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS‑1) is a rare inherited autoimmune disease, characterized by a classic triad, including chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis, primary adrenocortical insufficiency and hypoparathyroidism. The present study investigated phenotypes and pathogenic variants in a Chinese woman with non‑classical APS‑1. Disease‑associated variants in a patient with APS‑1 were identified via targeted next generation sequencing and the variant was confirmed via Sanger sequencing. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/mmr.2020.11227DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7339480PMC

Bone microstructure of adult patients with non-surgical hypoparathyroidism assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography.

Osteoporos Int 2020 Jul 4. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Endocrinology, Key Laboratory of Endocrinology of the Ministry of Health, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Shuaifuyuan No.1, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

There is limited evidence regarding changes in bone microstructure in patients with hypoparathyroidism. In the current study, we used a non-invasive technique to assess bone structure in hypoparathyroidism patients and discovered site-specific changes which were mainly influenced by age and menstrual status. Such changes were more prominent in the trabeculae as well as in non-surgical as opposed to post-surgical patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-020-05506-wDOI Listing

[Suspected rare manifestation of a thyroglossal and lateral cervical cyst-a diagnostic and therapeutic approach].

HNO 2020 Jul 3. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Klinik für Hals‑, Nasen‑, Ohren-Krankheiten, Hals- und Gesichtschirurgie, Kantonsspital Aarau, Aarau, Schweiz.

A 34-year-old female patient presented to our department with a 1.5 cm midline cystic lesion of the neck. A second cystic mass was found in level 2 of the left lateral neck. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00106-020-00904-2DOI Listing

Graves' disease.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2020 Jul 2;6(1):52. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Medicine I, Johannes Gutenberg University Medical Centre, Mainz, Germany.

Graves' disease (GD) is an autoimmune disease that primarily affects the thyroid gland. It is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and occurs at all ages but especially in women of reproductive age. Graves' hyperthyroidism is caused by autoantibodies to the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) that act as agonists and induce excessive thyroid hormone secretion, releasing the thyroid gland from pituitary control. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41572-020-0184-yDOI Listing

Delay in Diagnosis of Two Siblings with Severe Ocular Problems and Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndrome.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2020 Jun 23;19(3):313-317. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Department of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Children's Medical Center Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran AND Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS1) is a scarce polyendocrinopathy with autosomal recessive inheritance results from defects in the human autoimmune regulatory (AIRE) gene. In addition to three major manifestations of APS1 including mucocutaneous candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism, and Addison's disease, ophthalmic problems such as keratoconjunctivitis, dry eye, iridocyclitis, and cataract can be seen in these patients. In this article, we introduced two siblings presented with nail dystrophia, severe photophobia, and keratitis since early childhood which genetic examination revealed single nucleotide T>C translocation in their 2nd exon and heterozygous deletion mutation in their 12th exon. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijaai.v19i3.3460DOI Listing

Differentiation of Rat Adipose-Derived Stem Cells into Parathyroid-Like Cells.

Int J Endocrinol 2020 12;2020:1860842. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of General Surgery, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning Province 110001, China.

Background: The current treatment for postoperative hypoparathyroidism has shortcomings, such as repeated blood monitoring for dosage adjustment, uncertain long-term efficacy, and the high price of recombinant parathyroid hormone therapy. Adipose-derived stem cells can undergo adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation in vitro and are considered a novel source of parathyroid-like cells, but the idea lacks theoretical basis and feasibility. We aimed at establishing a protocol for differentiating adipose-derived stem cells into parathyroid-like cells for treating hypoparathyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/1860842DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7306084PMC

Benefit of diverse surgical approach on short-term outcomes of MEN1-related hyperparathyroidism.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 30;10(1):10634. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, 03722, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Surgical excision is the preferred treatment for multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1)-related primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), although controversy regarding the surgical strategy exists. We retrospectively investigated the short-term outcomes of PHPT by various surgical extents. Thirty-three patients who underwent parathyroidectomy due to MEN1-related PHPT at Yonsei Severance Hospital between 2005 and 2018 were included (age [mean ± SD], 43. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67424-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7326992PMC

COVID-19, Substance Use, Anorexia Nervosa, 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome, and Stress.

Authors:
Ned H Kalin

Am J Psychiatry 2020 07;177(7):561-563

Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.20050685DOI Listing

Fahr Syndrome Due to Idiopathic Hypoparathyroidism.

J Assoc Physicians India 2020 Jul;68(7):73

Junior Residents, Department of Medicine, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand.

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Hypocalcemia with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: The Disparity among Various Reports.

Int J Endocrinol 2020 6;2020:7459268. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Endocrinology, Saint Vincent Hospital, Worcester, Massachusetts 01608, USA.

Immune-related adverse events affecting parathyroid function are rarely reported with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICPIs). Activating calcium-sensing receptor antibodies causing autoimmune hypoparathyroidism with nivolumab was recently reported. KEYNOTE-189 and CHECKMATE-067 trials reported a 21-29% hypocalcemia event rate, but the etiology of hypocalcemia was not reported. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7459268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294349PMC

Calcium-sensing receptor autoantibody-mediated hypoparathyroidism associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy: diagnosis and long-term follow-up.

J Immunother Cancer 2020 Jun;8(1)

Melanoma Medical Oncology, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA

Background: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have produced significant survival benefit across many tumor types. However, immune-related adverse events are common including autoimmune responses against different endocrine organs. Here, a case of ICI-mediated hypoparathyroidism focusing on long-term follow-up and insights into its etiology is presented. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jitc-2020-000687DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7319718PMC

A registry for patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism in Russian adults.

Endocr Connect 2020 Jun 1. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Z Belaya, Neuroendocrinology and bone disease, Endocrinology Research Centre, Moscow, 117036, Russian Federation.

Hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism are rare endocrine disorders, characterized by low serum calcium due to inappropriate parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels or resistance to its action. There is little epidemiological information regarding chronic hypoparathyroidism in Russia. This study aims to build a registry database of Russian patients with chronic hypoparathyroidism who were referred for hospital treatment in order to conduct initial analysis of clinical presentations and hospital management. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EC-20-0219DOI Listing

Postoperative parathyroid hormone levels as a predictor for persistent hypoparathyroidism.

Eur J Endocrinol 2020 Aug;183(2):149-159

Department of Surgery, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Hypoparathyroidism is a common complication after thyroidectomy. It is not yet possible to predict in which patients hypoparathyroidism will persist. We aim to determine whether a decrease in PTH levels, measured at the first postoperative day, can identify patients with a high risk for persistent hypoparathyroidism one year after thyroidectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-20-0116DOI Listing

A Randomized Comparison of Carbon Nanoparticles in Endoscopic Lymph Node Dissection Via the Bilateral Areola Approach for Papillary Thyroid Cancer.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2020 Apr 21. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Division of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin Provincial Key Laboratory of Surgical Translational Medicine, Jilin Provincial Precision Medicine Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Translational Medicine on Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma.

Objective: We assess the value of carbon nanoparticles (CNP) staining in patients undergoing endoscopic thyroidectomy and central compartment lymph node (CLN) dissection via the bilateral areola approach [endoscopic thyroidectomy via bilateral areola approach (ETBAA)].

Methods: This was a prospective randomized study. Three hundred two consecutive early-stage thyroid cancer patients eligible for ETBAA were recruited at the Division of Thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital, Jilin University, China. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SLE.0000000000000793DOI Listing

Pediatric parathyroid disease.

Semin Pediatr Surg 2020 Jun 17;29(3):150923. Epub 2020 May 17.

Institutional affiliation: Phoenix Children's Hospital; Departments of Surgery and Child Health, Univeristy of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ; Department of Surgery, Creighton University School of Medicine, Phoenix, AZ; Departments of Surgery and Pediatrics, Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ. Electronic address:

Parathyroid glands are critical for calcium and phosphate homeostasis. Parathyroid disease is relatively rare in the pediatric population, but there are some important pediatric-specific considerations and conditions. This article reviews parathyroid physiology, disorders of hyper- and hypo- function, operative management, and uniquely pediatric diagnoses such as neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sempedsurg.2020.150923DOI Listing

APECED-Associated Hepatitis: Clinical, Biochemical, Histological and Treatment Data from a Large Predominantly American Cohort.

Hepatology 2020 Jun 17. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Translational Hepatology Section, Liver Diseases Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Background & Aims: Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy-Candidiasis-Ectodermal Dystrophy (APECED), caused by autoimmune regulator (AIRE) mutations, manifests with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) and multisystem autoimmunity, most often hypoparathyroidism (HP) and adrenal insufficiency (AI). European cohorts previously reported a ~10% prevalence of APECED-associated hepatitis (APAH) with presentations ranging from asymptomatic laboratory derangements to fatal fulminant hepatic failure. Herein, we characterized APAH in a large APECED cohort from the Americas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.31421DOI Listing

Characteristics of hypoparathyroidism in Colombia: data from a single center in the city of Medellín.

Arch Endocrinol Metab 2020 May-Jun;64(3):282-289

Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Objective: Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition, whose most common etiology is complications of neck surgery. The aim of the study was to identify the clinical and biochemical profile of the patients with diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism, including the frequency of symptoms, clinical signs, long-term complications and disease control. Additionally, the study sought to know what the medication profile was, and the doses required by the patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.20945/2359-3997000000250DOI Listing

Preoperative Vitamin D Levels as a Predictor of Transient Hypocalcemia and Hypoparathyroidism After Parathyroidectomy.

Sci Rep 2020 Jun 18;10(1):9895. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Hypocalcemia is a common problem after parathyroidectomy and/or thyroidectomy. The complication may be transient or permanent. Most cases occur as a result of removal of the parathyroid glands or damage to the glands during neck surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-66889-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7303145PMC

A rare case of sever primary hypoparathyroidism presented with amnesia and basal ganglia calcification.

J Diabetes Metab Disord 2020 Jun 21;19(1):561-563. Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe clinical findings in a 45-year-old man with history of two sided cataract surgery, convulsions and progressive memory impairment.

Methods: The patient presented to the neurology department because of having progressive memory impairment over the past two years. After taking necessary examinations the patient was referred to the endocrine center because of hypocalcemia in laboratory tests. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40200-019-00463-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271307PMC

A girl with lethargy and severe electrolyte imbalance.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2020 Jun 4;140(9). Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Background: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 (APS-1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by a triad of mucocutaneous candidiasis, hypoparathyroidism and primary adrenal failure. It is caused by a mutation in the autoimmune regulator gene AIRE, involved in negative selection of self-reacting T-lymphocytes.

Case Presentation: A young girl had been lethargic for 10 weeks following an upper airway infection. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4045/tidsskr.19.0737DOI Listing

CORRIGENDUM FOR "A Novel TBX1 Variant Causing Hypoparathyroidism and Deafness".

Authors:

J Endocr Soc 2020 Jun 11;4(6):bvaa036. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1210/jendso/bvz028.]. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jendso/bvaa036DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7287296PMC

Pearson Syndrome: Spontaneously Recovering Anemia and Hypoparathyroidism.

Indian J Pediatr 2020 Jun 15. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Department of Medical Genetics, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Raebareli Road, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, 226014, India.

Pearson syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the mitochondrial genome, characterized by failure to thrive with hematological and gastrointestinal abnormalities. Individuals with Pearson syndrome may develop the symptoms and signs of Kearns-Sayre syndrome with multisystem involvement. Spontaneous recovery of hematological problems is reported as is the situation in the present case. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-020-03333-9DOI Listing

Hypocalcemia is highly prevalent and predicts hospitalization in patients with COVID-19.

Endocrine 2020 06 12;68(3):475-478. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Endocrinology, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University and IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-020-02383-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7292572PMC

Comparative study of bilateral axillo-breast approach endoscopic and robotic thyroidectomy: propensity score matching analysis of large multi-institutional data.

Ann Surg Treat Res 2020 Jun 28;98(6):307-314. Epub 2020 May 28.

Yeo-Kyu Youn Thyroid Clinic, St. Peter's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the large multi-institutional data of surgical outcomes of bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robotic (RT) and endoscopic thyroidectomy (ET) and to evaluate the merits of robotic thyroidectomy.

Methods: From 2004 to 2015, 1,029 patients underwent BABA ET, and from 2008 to 2015, 2003 patients underwent BABA RT in 3 large volume centers in Korea. Two groups were retrospectively compared in terms of clinicopathologic characteristics, complications, surgical completeness, and long-term outcomes using propensity score matching analysis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4174/astr.2020.98.6.307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7263885PMC

Measurement of serum intact parathyroid hormone concentration 1 day after total thyroidectomy to assess risk of permanent hypoparathyroidism.

J Int Med Res 2020 Jun;48(6):300060520927199

Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital Affiliated with Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Objective: This study was performed to assess the clinical value of measuring the intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) concentration 1 day after total thyroidectomy to estimate the occurrence of permanent hypoparathyroidism (pHPP).

Methods: Data of 546 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy from February 2008 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Calcium and iPTH concentrations were collected preoperatively and at 1 day and 6 months postoperatively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0300060520927199DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7294503PMC

Volume, outcomes, and quality standards in thyroid surgery: an evidence-based analysis-European Society of Endocrine Surgeons (ESES) positional statement.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2020 Jun 10. Epub 2020 Jun 10.

Secció del Servei de Cirurgia General de l'Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Continuous efforts in surgical speciality aim to improve outcome. Therefore, correlation of volume and outcome, developing subspecialization, and identification of reliable parameters to identify and measure quality in surgery gain increasing attention in the surgical community as well as in public health care systems, and by health care providers. The need to investigate these correlations in the area of endocrine surgery was identified by ESES, and thyroid surgery was chosen for this analysis of the prevalent literature with regard to outcome and volume. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-020-01907-xDOI Listing

Managing common endocrine disorders amid COVID-19 pandemic.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2020 Jun 4;14(5):767-771. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Department of Endocrinology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting nationwide lockdowns have posed a major challenge to the management of pre-existing and newly diagnosed endocrine disorders. Herein, we have summarized the management approaches of common endocrine disorders amid the ongoing pandemic.

Methods: We have performed an extensive literature search for articles in PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar databases till 25 May 2020, with the following keywords: "COVID-19", "diabetes mellitus", "thyroid disorders", "primary adrenal insufficiency", "Cushing's syndrome", "pituitary tumors", "vitamin D″", "osteoporosis", "primary hyperparathyroidism", "hypoparathyroidism", "management", "treatment" and "guidelines" with interposition of the Boolean operator "AND". Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dsx.2020.05.050DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271862PMC

Tissue-engineered Parathyroid Gland and Its Regulatory Secretion of Parathyroid Hormone.

J Tissue Eng Regen Med 2020 Jun 8. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Research Center for Human Tissue and Organs Degeneration, Institute of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, R.P. China.

Parathyroid glands (PTGs) are important endocrine organs being mainly responsible for the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH) to regulate the balance of calcium (Ca) /phosphorus (P) ions in the body. Once PTGs get injured or removed, their resulting defect or loss of PTH secretion should disturb the level of Ca/P in blood, thus damaging other related organs (bone, kidney, etc.) and even causing death. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/term.3080DOI Listing

Mapping endocrine toxicity spectrum of immune checkpoint inhibitors: a disproportionality analysis using the WHO adverse drug reaction database, VigiBase.

Endocrine 2020 Jun 7. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Department of Endocrinology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, No. 950 Donghai Street, Fengze District, Quanzhou, Fujian Province, China.

Purpose: Our study aimed to map endocrine toxicity spectrum of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

Methods: We obtained data from VigiBase, between January 1, 2011 and March 6, 2019. All endocrine adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were classified by group queries according to the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-020-02355-9DOI Listing

[Sclerotherapy as an alternative to surgery for recurrent nodular goiter].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2020 (5):87-92

Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To evaluate the results of treatment of recurrent nodular goiter using sclerotherapy with polidocanol.

Material And Methods: A comparative analysis of sclerotherapy (30 patients) and conventional surgical treatment (17 patients) of recurrent goiter was performed.

Results: Sclerotherapy ensures reduction of nodes (linear dimensions of nodes decreased by 14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia202005187DOI Listing

Recurrent fifth metatarsal stress fractures in a professional soccer player with hypoparathyroidism: a case report.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2020 Jun 3;21(1):347. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, 466-8550, Japan.

Background: Hypoparathyroidism is characterized by low or inappropriately normal levels of parathyroid hormone leading to hypocalcemia. In this report, a case of recurrent fifth metatarsal stress fractures in a professional soccer player with hypoparathyroidism is presented.

Case Presentation: A 23-year-old male professional soccer player developed left foot pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03383-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271481PMC

Seizures and Basal Ganglia Calcification Caused by Hypoparathyroidism.

Cureus 2020 Apr 29;12(4):e7888. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Pediatrics, Civil Hospital Karachi, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, PAK.

Seizures, not a typical feature of hypoparathyroidism, may present along with myalgia and tetany in patients of hypoparathyroidism. Thorough history and examination, derangement of biochemical parameters such as hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, and inappropriately low levels of parathyroid hormone, along with basal ganglia calcification as seen on imaging, lead to the diagnosis of hypoparathyroidism in a 10-year-old child who presented to us. Treatment with calcium and active vitamin D significantly improved his condition. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7888DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7255561PMC

Continuous rhPTH (1-34) treatment in chronic hypoparathyroidism.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2020 May 29;2020. Epub 2020 May 29.

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Medicine I, University Hospital Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Summary: Standard treatment of hypoparathyroidism consists of supplementation of calcium and vitamin D analogues, which does not fully restore calcium homeostasis. In some patients, hypoparathyroidism is refractory to standard treatment with persistent low serum calcium levels and associated clinical complications. Here, we report on three patients (58-year-old male, 52-year-old female, and 48-year-old female) suffering from severe treatment-refractory postsurgical hypoparathyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-20-0009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7274549PMC

Outcomes after completion thyroidectomy versus total thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid cancer: A single-center experience.

J Surg Oncol 2020 May 28. Epub 2020 May 28.

Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

Background: Thyroid cancer diagnoses are often discovered after diagnostic thyroid lobectomy. Completion thyroidectomy (CT) may be indicated for intermediate or high-risk tumors to facilitate surveillance and/or adjuvant treatment. The completeness of thyroid resection and the safety of CT compared to total thyroidectomy (TT) is unclear. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.26044DOI Listing

Thyroid surgery in children and young adults: potential overtreatment and complications.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2020 May 27. Epub 2020 May 27.

Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Purpose: Thyroid nodules in the pediatric population are more frequently associated with malignant thyroid disease than in adult cohorts. Yet, there is a potential risk of surgical overtreatment. With this single center study, an analysis of potential overtreatment for suspected malignant thyroid disease in children and young adults was aimed for. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-020-01896-xDOI Listing

Co-transplantation with adipose-derived cells to improve parathyroid transplantation in a mice model.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2020 May 26;11(1):200. Epub 2020 May 26.

Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, 169 Donghu Road, Wuhan, China.

Background: Accidentally removed parathyroid glands are still challenging in neck surgery, leading to hypoparathyroidism characterized with abnormally low levels of parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid auto-transplantation is usually applied in compensation. To improve the efficiency of parathyroid transplantation, we introduced a method by co-transplanting with adipose-derived cells, including stromal vascular fractions (SVFs) and adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs), and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms involved in parathyroid transplantation survival. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13287-020-01733-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7249357PMC

Preoperative Potassium Iodide Treatment in Patients Undergoing Thyroidectomy for Graves' Disease-Perspective of a European High-Volume Center.

World J Surg 2020 May 23. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Schoen Clinic, Dehnhaide 120, 22081, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Potassium iodide (KI) treatment affects the vascularity of the thyroid gland and therefore may improve intraoperative visualization of essential structures. However, clear evidence for its usage is lacking, and its implementation in patients suffering from Graves' disease is becoming rare. The objective of this retrospective study was to assess the impact of KI treatment on the intraoperative course and the outcome of patients undergoing thyroidectomy for Graves' diseases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-020-05593-0DOI Listing

[Hypoparathyroidism treated with recombinant human parathyroid hormone [rhPTH(1-84)]].

Medicina (B Aires) 2020 ;80(3):289-291

Servicio de Endocrinología, Clínica Universitaria Reina Fabiola, Córdoba, Argentina.

Hypoparathyroidism (HypoPT) is a rare disease characterized by low calcium and inappropriately low circulating parathormone levels. We present the case of a 25-year-old high-performance athlete male, with history of HypoPT after total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma (T3 N1b M0) two years before, who was referred to our clinic for symptomatic hypocalcemia. The patient reported serum calcium average levels of 7mg%, presented symptoms of hypocalcemia at rest and had multiple hospital admissions. Read More

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Hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia syndrome: 20 Years after the identification of the first GATA3 mutations.

Hum Mutat 2020 May 22. Epub 2020 May 22.

Academic Endocrine Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism (OCDEM), Churchill Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

The hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia (HDR) syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by heterozygous mutations of the GATA3 gene. In the last 20 years, since the identification of the genetic cause of the HDR syndrome, GATA3 mutations have been reported in 124 families (177 patients). The clinical aspects and molecular genetics of the HDR syndrome are reviewed here together with the reported mutations and phenotypes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/humu.24052DOI Listing

Late-onset postsurgical hypoparathyroidism following parathyroidectomy for recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism: a case report and literature review.

Endocrine 2020 May 21. Epub 2020 May 21.

University Hospital of Pisa, Endocrine Unit 2, Pisa, Italy.

Purpose: Previously in 1987, a 21-year-old male was diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) when a right inferior parathyroid adenoma was removed. PHPT recurred after 3 and 6 years and on both occasions was cured by resection of parathyroid adenomas. At 52 years of age, the patient developed a late-onset hypoparathyroidism (HP), even though postsurgical HP typically occurs as a transient or permanent form soon after neck surgery. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-020-02344-yDOI Listing

Oral fluconazole use in the first trimester and risk of congenital malformations: population based cohort study.

BMJ 2020 May 20;369:m1494. Epub 2020 May 20.

Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 1620 Tremont Street, Suite 3030, Boston, MA 02120, USA.

Objective: To examine the risk of congenital malformations associated with exposure to oral fluconazole at commonly used doses in the first trimester of pregnancy for the treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis.

Design: Population based cohort study.

Setting: A cohort of pregnancies publicly insured in the United States, with data from the nationwide Medicaid Analytic eXtract 2000-14. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m1494DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7237981PMC

The effects of patient and disease-related factors on the quality of life in patients with hypoparathyroidism.

Arch Osteoporos 2020 May 19;15(1):75. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

This study aims to evaluate factors affecting the quality of life (QOL) of hypoparathyroidism. While QOL is reduced in post-surgical and non-surgical groups, mental health seems to be less affected in non-surgical patients. Having an additional disease affects QOL negatively but having thyroid cancer may not change the QOL results. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11657-020-00759-8DOI Listing

Kenny-Caffey syndrome type 2.

QJM 2020 May 19. Epub 2020 May 19.

Dept of Biochemistry, Shree Narayana Institute of Medical Superspeciality, Nanded, Maharashtra, India.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmed/hcaa175DOI Listing

Congenital Hypoparathyroidism Associated With Elevated Circulating Nonfunctional Parathyroid Hormone Due to Novel PTH Mutation.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2020 Jul;105(7)

Cancer Genetics, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, North South Wales, Australia.

Context: Familial hypoparathyroidism has a heterogeneous presentation where patients usually have low parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels due to impaired production or secretion. This contrasts with pseudohypoparathyroidism, in which PTH resistance is usually associated with an elevated serum PTH. High levels of circulating PTH can also be due to bioinactive PTH, which is difficult to distinguish from pseudohypoparathyroidism on biochemical grounds. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa279DOI Listing

Surgery for retrosternal goiter: cervical approach.

Gland Surg 2020 Apr;9(2):392-400

Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Sichuan Cancer Hospital & Institute, Sichuan Cancer Center, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610041, China.

Background: Retrosternal goiter refers to when the thyroid gland extends from the neck to the substernal portion, descending below the thoracic inlet into the mediastinum. It is typically accompanied by compressive symptoms, and most patients need to undergo surgery. This retrospective study set out to analyze the surgical approach to retrosternal goiter and to evaluate perioperative complications, with the aim of recommending best surgical technique. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2020.03.43DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225497PMC

Influence of gender and women's age on the prevalence of parathyroid failure after total thyroidectomy for multinodular goiter.

Gland Surg 2020 Apr;9(2):245-251

Endocrine Surgery Unit, Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Female gender, particularly of a young age, has been reported as a risk factor for hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. There are no studies, however, addressing specifically the influence of women's age and menstrual status on postoperative parathyroid function.

Methods: Cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing total thyroidectomy for benign goiter between 2000-2017, excluding those with associated hyperparathyroidism, reoperation or conservative procedures. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2020.02.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225482PMC

Ultrasonic scalpel with knot tying protects parathyroid function for total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection.

Gland Surg 2020 Apr;9(2):192-199

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, China.

Background: Hypoparathyroidism might be due to collateral thermal injury induced by harmonic scalpel (HS) after total thyroidectomy (TT) with central neck dissection (CND). The current study aimed to evaluate whether a clamp and tie (CAT) technique used to preserve parathyroid glands in situ could reduce damage to parathyroid function in HS patients undergoing TT plus unilateral or bilateral CND.

Methods: Medical records of 537 HS-operated patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) undergoing TT plus unilateral or bilateral CND were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2020.01.12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7225474PMC