3,449 results match your criteria Hypomagnesemia


Severe and refractory hypocalcaemia secondary to osteoblastic bone metastases in bladder signet ring carcinoma: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2022 Jul 1;101(26):e29731. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

Department of Endocrinology, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Rationale: Symptomatic hypocalcaemia is uncommon, occurring in <2% of patients with malignancy. Osteoblastic bone metastasis as a cause of hypocalcaemia is rare and not reported in bladder cancer.

Patient Concerns: We report a case of refractory hypocalcaemia in a patient with bladder cancer with extensive osteoblastic bone metastases. Read More

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Magnesium stable isotope composition, but not concentration, responds to obesity and early insulin-resistant conditions in minipig.

Sci Rep 2022 Jun 29;12(1):10941. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, ENS de Lyon, Université de Lyon, CNRS, Lyon, France.

Hypomagnesemia is frequently associated with type 2 diabetes and generally correlates with unfavorable disease progression, but the magnesium status in pre-diabetic conditions remains unclear. Here, the magnesium metabolism is scrutinized in a minipig model of obesity and insulin resistance by measuring variations of the metallome-the set of inorganic elements-and the magnesium stable isotope composition in six organs of lean and obese minipigs raised on normal and Western-type diet, respectively. We found that metallomic variations are most generally insensitive to lean or obese phenotypes. Read More

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Association of magnesium abnormalities at intensive care unit admission with kidney outcomes and mortality: a prospective cohort study.

Clin Exp Nephrol 2022 Jun 27. Epub 2022 Jun 27.

Interdisciplinary Research Department, University Center ICESP, Brasília, Brazil.

Background: Magnesium abnormalities have been associated with adverse kidney outcomes and mortality in critically ill patients, however, this association remains inconsistent. This study aimed to investigate the association of magnesium abnormalities at intensive care unit (ICU) admission with kidney outcomes (i.e. Read More

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Cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in childhood cancer: comparison between two countries.

Pediatr Nephrol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

BC Children's Hospital Research Institute, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: Various definitions used to describe cisplatin nephrotoxicity potentially lead to differences in determination of risk factors. This study evaluated incidence of kidney injury according to commonly used and alternative definitions in two cohorts of children who received cisplatin.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included children from Vancouver, Canada (one center), and Mexico City, Mexico (two centers), treated with cisplatin for a variety of solid tumors. Read More

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Genome-Wide Analyses of Nephrotoxicity in Platinum-Treated Cancer Patients Identify Association with Genetic Variant in and Acute Kidney Injury.

J Pers Med 2022 May 28;12(6). Epub 2022 May 28.

Department of Pediatrics, Radboud University Medical Center, Postbox 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Nephrotoxicity is a common and dose-limiting side effect of platinum compounds, which often manifests as acute kidney injury or hypomagnesemia. This study aimed to investigate the genetic risk loci for platinum-induced nephrotoxicity. Platinum-treated brain tumor and head-neck tumor patients were genotyped with genome-wide coverage. Read More

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Plasma-Ionized Magnesium in Hospitalized Horses with Gastrointestinal Disorders and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome.

Animals (Basel) 2022 Jun 7;12(12). Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Servei de Medicina Interna Equina, Fundació Hospital Clínic Veterinari, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona, Spain.

Magnesium disorders in horses with gastrointestinal disorders or systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) are scarcely characterized. The purpose of the study was to explore the association of magnesium disorders with diagnosis, SIRS and mortality in horses admitted to a referral equine hospital. In total, 75 sick horses were included in an observational prospective study and classified as: obstructive ( = 17), inflammatory ( = 10) and ischemic gastrointestinal disorders ( = 12), and other non-gastrointestinal systemic disorders ( = 36). Read More

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HNF1B-MODY Masquerading as Type 1 Diabetes: A Pitfall in the Etiological Diagnosis of Diabetes.

J Endocr Soc 2022 Aug 15;6(8):bvac087. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Diabetology, Hôpital Cochin, APHP, and Université Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Hepatocyte nuclear factor-1B (HNF1B) maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY), also referred to as "renal cysts and diabetes syndrome" or MODY-5, is a rare form of monogenic diabetes that is caused by a deletion or a point mutation in the HNF1B gene, a developmental gene that plays a key role in regulating urogenital and pancreatic development. HNF1B-MODY has been characterized by its association with renal, hepatic and other extrapancreatic features. We present the case of a 39-year-old female patient who was first diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, but then, owing to the absence of anti-islet autoantibodies and to the disease's progression, was labeled later on as having atypical type 2 diabetes. Read More

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Hypomagnesemia-induced encephalopathy with transient torsional nystagmus evolving into downbeat nystagmus: a rare complication of ileostomy.

Acta Neurol Belg 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Comprehensive Neuro-Intensive Care Program, Department of Neurology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, India.

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Hypomagnesemia, Hypocalcemia, and Tubulointerstitial Nephropathy Caused by Claudin-16 Autoantibodies.

J Am Soc Nephrol 2022 Jul 21;33(7):1402-1410. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland

Background: Chronic hypomagnesemia is commonly due to diarrhea, alcoholism, and drugs. More rarely, it is caused by genetic defects in the effectors of renal magnesium reabsorption.

Methods: In an adult patient with acquired severe hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, tubulointerstitial nephropathy, and rapidly progressing kidney injury, similarities between the patient's presentation and features of genetic disorders of renal magnesium transport prompted us to investigate whether the patient had an acquired autoimmune cause of renal magnesium wasting. Read More

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A Novel Mutation in CLDN16 Gene Causing Familial Hypomagnesemia, Hypercalciuria, Nephrocalcinosis in An Iranian Family.

Iran J Kidney Dis 2022 May;16(3):209-213

Department of Nephrology, Hasheminejad Kidney Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Familial hypomagnesemia with hypercalciuria and nephrocalcinosis (FHHNC) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that is characterized by renal magnesium wasting, hypercalciuria and eventually kidney failure which mostly affects children and young aged adults. Mutation of genes of claudin-16 and claudin-19 are involved in the pathogenesis of this disorder, which leads to renal magnesium and calcium wasting. A 35-year-old man with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) was referred to our clinic due to bilateral nephrocalcinosis, detected by ultrasonographic study, for further evaluation. Read More

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Colistin-induced Bartter-like Syndrome: Ponder before Treatment!

Indian J Crit Care Med 2022 Feb;26(2):239-243

Department of Nephrology, Safdarjung Hospital and Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Bartter-like syndrome (BLS) is a constellation of biochemical abnormalities which include metabolic alkalosis, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia with normal kidney function. BLS is a very rare syndrome and can be induced by certain diseases, antibiotics, diuretics, and antineoplastic drugs. Colistin is a polymicrobial bactericidal drug and currently re-emerged as the only salvation therapy against multidrug resistant bacilli especially in critically ill patients at intensive care units. Read More

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February 2022

Electrolyte Abnormalities Associated With the Use of Atezolizumab - A Systematic Review.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2022 12;12(2):35-44. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, McLaren Flint Michigan State University, Flint, MI, USA.

Background And Objectives: In recent years, immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) particularly atezolizumab is on the rise in treating advanced malignancies. With its increased clinical use, various electrolyte abnormalities have been reported in the literature. In this review, we have addressed the question of significant electrolyte abnormalities associated with atezolizumab. Read More

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A Case of Recurrent Severe Hypocalcemia with Prolonged Hospitalization and Readmissions After Single Dose of Denosumab in Metastatic Prostate Cancer Patient.

J Community Hosp Intern Med Perspect 2022 12;12(2):60-64. Epub 2022 Apr 12.

Department of Hematology-Oncology, Faith Regional Health Services, Norfolk, NE, USA.

Denosumab is a human monoclonal antibody used to prevent skeletal-related events in prostate cancer patients with bone metastasis. Hypocalcemia ranging from mild to severe requiring prolonged hospitalization have been reported with the use of denosumab in patients with known risk factors such as chronic kidney disease, vitamin D deficiency, low parathyroid hormone level, hypomagnesemia, extensive osteoblastic metastasis, prior use of bisphosphonates, and comorbidities impairing calcium absorption. We present a case of a metastatic prostate cancer patient with extensive osteoblastic metastasis who developed severe recurrent hypocalcemia after a single dose of denosumab requiring a total of 58 days of high dose intravenous and oral calcium supplementations with three inpatient hospital admissions. Read More

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Case Report: Recurrent Hemiplegic Migraine Attacks Accompanied by Intractable Hypomagnesemia Due to a Gene Variant.

Front Pediatr 2022 31;10:880242. Epub 2022 May 31.

Department of Neurology, Tianjin Children's Hospital (Tianjin University Children's Hospital), Tianjin, China.

Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) is a ubiquitously expressed chanzyme comprised of a divalent cation channel permeable to calcium and magnesium and a cytosolic serine-threonine α-kinase domain. TRPM7 has a crucial role in magnesium ion homeostasis and anoxic neuronal death, which was identified as a potential non-glutamate target for hypoxic-ischemic neuronal injury. TRPM7 is implicated in ischemic stroke and hypomagnesemia in many studies, but it has not been associated with disease in the OMIM database. Read More

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A novel mutation of gene causing Gitelman syndrome.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2022 7;10:2050313X221102294. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Human Genetics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

A 48-year-old patient with a history of diabetes mellitus, presented to a surgical ward with abdominal pain. She was found to have hypokalemia. Her younger sister had passed away due to sudden cardiac death at the age of 25 years. Read More

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Case Report: A Novel Non-Canonical Splice Site Variant (c.1638+7T>C) in Cause Primary Homagnesemia With Secondary Hocalcemia.

Front Pediatr 2022 25;10:834241. Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Objective: Primary hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia (HSH) is caused by loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the epithelial magnesium channel. It is characterized by hypomagnesemia and secondary hypocalcemia associated with neurological symptoms. Here, we aimed to investigate the genetic defects of the gene found in a girl from China. Read More

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Recommendation on an updated standardization of serum magnesium reference ranges.

Eur J Nutr 2022 Jun 10. Epub 2022 Jun 10.

Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: Serum magnesium is the most frequently used laboratory test for evaluating clinical magnesium status. Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium status), which is associated with many chronic diseases, is diagnosed using the serum magnesium reference range. Currently, no international consensus for a magnesemia normal range exists. Read More

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Early onset metastatic colorectal cancer in patients receiving panitumumab-based upfront strategy: Overall and sex-specific outcomes in the Valentino trial.

Int J Cancer 2022 Jun 9. Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Department of Medical Oncology, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy.

Anti-EGFRs plus doublet chemotherapy is considered the optimal upfront option for RAS/BRAF wild-type left-sided metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Early-onset (EO) mCRC has an increasing incidence and its prognostic/predictive role and management is debatable. We performed a post hoc analysis of Valentino study, that randomized RAS wild-type mCRC patients to two panitumumab-based maintenance regimens after FOLFOX/panitumumab induction. Read More

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The Bartter-Gitelman Spectrum: 50-Year Follow-up With Revision of Diagnosis After Whole-Genome Sequencing.

J Endocr Soc 2022 Jul 15;6(7):bvac079. Epub 2022 May 15.

Academic Endocrine Unit, Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism (OCDEM), Churchill Hospital, University of Oxford, Oxford OX3 7LJ, UK.

Bartter syndrome (BS) and Gitelman syndrome (GS) are renal tubular disorders affecting sodium, potassium, and chloride reabsorption. Clinical features include muscle cramps and weakness, in association with hypokalemia, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, and hyperreninemic hyperaldosteronism. Hypomagnesemia and hypocalciuria are typical of GS, while juxtaglomerular hyperplasia is characteristic of BS. Read More

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Mechanisms of proton pump inhibitor-induced hypomagnesemia.

Acta Physiol (Oxf) 2022 Jun 2:e13846. Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Department of Physiology, Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) reliably suppress gastric acid secretion and are therefore the first-line treatment for gastric acid-related disorders. Hypomagnesemia (serum magnesium [Mg ] <0.7 mmol/L) is a commonly reported side effect of PPIs. Read More

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Clinical Factors Associated with Serum Magnesium Concentration in Patients Undergoing Peritoneal Dialysis: A Single-Center Observational Study.

Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis 2022 24;15:185-195. Epub 2022 May 24.

Department of Nephrology, Jichi Medical University Saitama Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Purpose: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential element that is associated with various physiological functions, such as maintenance of blood pressure, muscle contraction, and nerve function. In patients undergoing hemodialysis, hypomagnesemia is associated with cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. However, in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD), clinical factors associated with Mg have not been fully investigated. Read More

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[Indications for magnesium supplementation an example of alcoholism].

Authors:
S V Jargin

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2022 ;122(5):118-122

Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow, Russia.

Supplementation of various substances (metabolites, microelements, vitamins) is sometimes recommended without sufficient indications. To decide whether a supplementation is needed, the question should be answered whether there is a deficiency, and if there is, if it can be compensated by diet. Magnesium (Mg) deficiency has been associated with cardiovascular diseases, certain metabolic and neuropsychiatric disorders. Read More

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Hypomagnesemia and Hypokalemia: Considerations for Cancer Care.

Clin J Oncol Nurs 2022 06;26(3):313-317

Northwestern Medicine.

Electrolyte imbalances can frequently occur among patients with cancer. Hypomagnesemia and hypokalemia are side effects of certain chemotherapies, including cisplatin, cetuximab, eribulin, and ifosfamide. When patients concurrently receive chemotherapy and take medications that cause hypomagnesemia or hypokalemia, electrolyte imbalances are amplified. Read More

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Different Clinicoradiological Characteristics of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome in Pediatric Oncology and Post-Bone Marrow Transplantation Cases: A Retrospective Study.

Front Neurol 2022 6;13:836033. Epub 2022 May 6.

Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is receiving increasing recognition in pediatrics. However, comparisons between PRES in pediatric oncology and post-bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are lacking. Therefore, we aimed to describe the risk factors and clinical and radiological features of PRES and investigate the differences between PRES in pediatric oncology and post-BMT. Read More

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Molecular diagnosis of adult patients with clinically unexplained hypokalemia without hypertension demonstrated a diagnostic yield of 30.5.

Clin Genet 2022 May 22. Epub 2022 May 22.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Hypokalemia is a common disorder in clinical settings; however, nonmolecular diagnostic testing cannot explain some causes of hypokalemia. To determine the etiology of clinically unexplained hypokalemia without hypertension (CUHypoNH) and to obtain a diagnostic yield of monogenic hypokalemia without hypertension in adults (MHNHA), we enrolled 82 patients with CUHypoNH for whole-exome sequencing or targeted gene sequencing of genes associated with 4000 monogenic disorders. Through molecular diagnosis, 25 patients were diagnosed with monogenic hypokalemia, and a diagnostic yield of 30. Read More

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Serum Magnesium Levels in Critically Ill Patients on Admission in ICU and its Correlation with Outcome.

J Assoc Physicians India 2022 May;70(5):11-12

Research Consultant, Poona Hospital & Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra.

Background: Many studies found that only hypomagnesemia, but not hypermagnesemia is linked with increased mortality. However, reports of mortality due to magnesium dysregulation in the critical care setting are controversial.

Objectives: To study serum magnesium levels in critically ill patients on admission in intensive care unit (ICU) and its correlation with patient's need and duration for ventilator support, duration of ICU stay, incidence of cardiac arrhythmias and mortality Methods: Two hundred forty six critically ill patients admitted in ICU with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II scores>10, were included for this prospective observational study. Read More

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Hypomagnesemia in intestinal lymphangiectasia: a case report and review of the literature.

BMC Gastroenterol 2022 May 15;22(1):246. Epub 2022 May 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, No. 1 Shuaifuyuan, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, China.

Background: Intestinal lymphangiectasia (IL) is a rare disease characterized by dilation of lymphatic vessels and leakage of lymphatic fluids into the intestinal lumen, causing depletion of lymphocytes, protein, lipids, fat-soluble vitamins, and electrolytes. Hypomagnesemia can occur in IL patients but is seldom discussed.

Case Presentation: A 30-year-old Tibetan woman who had chronic diarrhea, edema, tetany, and tingling was diagnosed with IL. Read More

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Magnesium Status and Calcium/Magnesium Ratios in a Series of Cystic Fibrosis Patients.

Nutrients 2022 Apr 25;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 25.

Department of Pediatrics of the Faculty of Medicine, Valladolid University, Avenida Ramón y Cajal, 7, 47005 Valladolid, Spain.

Magnesium (Mg) is an essential micronutrient that participates in various enzymatic reactions that regulate vital biological functions. The main aim was to assess the Mg status and its association with nutritional indicators in seventeen cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The serum Mg and calcium (Ca) levels were determined using standardized methods and the dietary Mg intake by prospective 72 h dietary surveys. Read More

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The Role of Magnesium in the Pathogenesis of Metabolic Disorders.

Nutrients 2022 Apr 20;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders and Clinical Dietetics, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, 84 Szamarzewskiego Street, 60-569 Poznań, Poland.

Magnesium (Mg) is an essential nutrient for maintaining vital physiological functions. It is involved in many fundamental processes, and Mg deficiency is often correlated with negative health outcomes. On the one hand, most western civilizations consume less than the recommended daily allowance of Mg. Read More

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Magnesium-to-Calcium Ratio and Mortality from COVID-19.

Nutrients 2022 Apr 19;14(9). Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Research Unit in Endocrine Diseases, Hospital de Especialidades, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Mexico City 06720, Mexico.

Obesity, type 2 diabetes, arterial hypertension, decrease in immune response, cytokine storm, endothelial dysfunction, and arrhythmias, which are frequent in COVID-19 patients, are associated with hypomagnesemia. Given that cellular influx and efflux of magnesium and calcium involve the same transporters, we aimed to evaluate the association of serum magnesium-to-calcium ratio with mortality from severe COVID-19. The clinical and laboratory data of 1064 patients, aged 60. Read More

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