2,906 results match your criteria Hypochondriasis
Int J Clin Health Psychol 2018 Jan-Apr;18(1):43-51. Epub 2017 Oct 16.
Research and Treatment Unit for Obsessions and Compulsions (I'TOC), Universidad de Valencia, Spain.
Unwanted mental intrusions (UMIs) are the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). The aim was to examine the similarities and differences in the functional links of four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective. : 438 university students and community participants ( = 29. Read More
J Psychosom Res 2018 Dec 10;115:58-65. Epub 2018 Oct 10.
University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Interdisciplinary Center Psychopathology and Emotion Regulation, the Netherlands; University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Department of Old-Age Psychiatry, the Netherlands. Electronic address:
Objective: To systematically review of the available literature to (1) examine the association between death anxiety and hypochondriasis and (2) examine the association between death anxiety and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS).
Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in Embase, PsycINFO, Pubmed and Ovid databases and reference lists of selected articles. Articles were included when the research population concerned people with hypochondriasis and/or MUS in who death anxiety was assessed by a validated research method. Read More
Ind Psychiatry J 2018 Jan-Jun;27(1):47-52
Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.
Aim: The aim of this study was to study somatosensory amplification, health anxiety (hypochondriasis), and alexithymia among patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and to evaluate the association of these variables with the severity of GAD.
Materials And Methods: Cross-sectional design was employed, and patients were recruited from the outpatient clinic of the psychiatry department of a multispecialty tertiary care medical institute in North India. The patients who were clinically diagnosed to have GAD by the two independent qualified psychiatrists were screened with Mini International Neuropsychiatry Interview to confirm the diagnosis. Read More
Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Nov 7. Epub 2018 Nov 7.
Department of Psychiatry, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1-1 Iseigaoka, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 8078555, Japan.
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in the development of major depressive disorder (MDD). Recently, a genome-wide association study has revealed that four VEGF-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (i.e. Read More
J Psychosom Res 2018 Nov 20;114:58-61. Epub 2018 Sep 20.
Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:
Objective: Failure to effectively reassure patients can lead to patients becoming distressed and seeking further medical care. Whilst existing studies have identified that patients' psychological and demographic characteristics can impact patient reassurance, little research has explored specific predictors of patient reassurance following a colonoscopy. This study investigates demographic and psychological predictors of patient reassurance after receiving normal test results following a colonoscopy. Read More
Psychiatry Investig 2018 Oct 11;15(10):976-983. Epub 2018 Oct 11.
Department of Psychiatry, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Republic of Korea.
Objective: Health anxiety can be defined by concern about health in the absence of a pathology. The Health Anxiety Questionnaire (HAQ) based on the cognitive-behavioral model can be useful for evaluating the severity and the structure of health anxiety. This study aims to verify the reliability and validity of Korean version of HAQ (K-HAQ). Read More
Am J Lifestyle Med 2018 Sep-Oct;12(5):365-369. Epub 2018 Apr 27.
Lifestyle medicine may be the most effective way of treating illness anxiety disorder (IAD), formerly hypochondriasis. IAD as defined in the DSM-5 can now be diagnosed using positive symptoms, which means it is no longer a diagnosis of exclusion. Tools used in lifestyle medicine including motivational interviewing and mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) may be particularly useful in the management of IAD. Read More
Fam Pract 2018 Sep 4. Epub 2018 Sep 4.
Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA.
Background: The growing worldwide prevalence of individuals with anxiety disorders has increased needs for mental health services. Due to limited number of mental health providers and community resources, especially in low-income countries, individuals often seek services from primary care settings. Through collaborative care models, services via telemedicine address the mental health provider shortage. Read More
Curr Psychiatry Rep 2018 Jun 22;20(7):49. Epub 2018 Jun 22.
Centre for Psychiatry, Imperial College, London, UK.
Purpose Of Review: To examine the diagnosis of health anxiety, its prevalence in different settings, public health significance, treatment, and outcome.
Recent Findings: Health anxiety is similar to hypochondriasis but is characterized by fear of, rather than conviction of, illness. Lifetime prevalence rates are 6% in the population and as high as 20% in hospital out-patients, leading to greater costs to health services through unnecessary medical contacts. Read More
Acta Biomed 2018 Mar 5;89(1):79-86. Epub 2018 Mar 5.
Laboratory of Clinical Psychology, Psychophysiology and Clinical Neuropsychology Department of Medicine and Surgery University of Parma Italy.
Background And Aim: Improving quality of life of patients with early Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a primary concern of health professionals involved in dementia treatment. The aim of this study is to reveal associations among psychiatric symptoms and wellbeing aspects, dysfunctional lifestyles and stress-related behaviors, illness perception, personality traits, and life quality satisfaction, in order to offer a comprehensive evaluation of psychological and behavioral aspects characterizing patients with early AD.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which all the outpatients included were evaluated at the Dementia Clinic in Parma (Italy). Read More
JMIR Ment Health 2018 Apr 6;5(2):e28. Epub 2018 Apr 6.
The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.
Background: Severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis), or illness anxiety disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, is characterized by preoccupation with fear of suffering from a serious illness in spite of medical reassurance. It is a debilitating, prevalent disorder associated with increased health care utilization. Still, there is a lack of easily accessible specialized treatment for severe health anxiety. Read More
Clin Psychol Psychother 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
Department of Psychiatry, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Aim: Somatoform disorders are common and often chronic. It would be helpful to distinguish those patients who are likely to have a positive treatment course from those who are likely to follow a negative course. Such studies of different somatoform disorders are scarce, especially in secondary psychiatric care. Read More
Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2018 Jun 10;72(6):423-434. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.
Aim: Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and psychiatric symptoms often antedate the clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies. The purpose of this study was to investigate RBD and its relevance to Lewy body disease (LBD) in patients with late-onset psychiatric disorders.
Methods: Study subjects included 19 patients with late-onset psychiatric disorders who exhibited REM sleep without atonia (RWA), which is a hallmark of RBD on polysomnography, at our psychiatric ward. Read More
Vertex 2017 Mar;28(132):121-127
Servicio de Emergencia, Hospital "Dr. Braulio A. Moyano".
Both cenestopathies (abnormal body sensations) and hypochondriac symptoms can occur in both acute and chronic psychotic disorders. The present article will brie?y describe some psychotic pictures that may accompanied with cenestopathies and/ or hypochondriacal symptoms. All descriptions will be illustrated with clinical examples to facilitate the understanding and delimitation of these diseases. Read More
Curr Drug Targets 2018 ;19(12):1431-1455
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Kulliyyah of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia.
Cancer patients are commonly associated with various physical and psychological symptoms. In palliative setting, the aims are to relieve those symptoms, improve quality of life, and increase medication adherence among cancer patients. Antidepressants are generally accepted for the treatment of depression among patients with or without cancer. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2018 03 3;261:204-211. Epub 2018 Jan 3.
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, 1107W. Call Street, Tallahassee 32306-4301, FL, USA. Electronic address:
Cyberchondria refers to a clinical phenomenon in which repeated Internet searches regarding medical information result in excessive concerns about physical health. Cyberchondria is positively associated with symptoms of health anxiety, though it remains unclear as to whether cyberchondria poses a unique public burden. The current study replicated previous findings regarding the relationship between cyberchondria and health anxiety, and extended those findings to examine the extent to which health anxiety and cyberchondria may be differentially associated with public health outcomes, including impairment, quality of life, and service utilization. Read More
Lit Med 2017;35(2):387-408
Throughout the eighteenth century the issue of authenticity shaped portrayals of fashionable diseases. From the very beginning of the century, writers satirized the behavior of elite invalids who paraded their delicacy as a sign of their status. As disorders such as the spleen came to be regarded as "fashionable," the legitimacy of patients' claims to suffer from distinguished diseases was called further into question, with some observers questioning the validity of the disease categories themselves. Read More
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2017;117(11):18-23
Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russia.
Aim: To study the psychopathology of anxiety-phobic disorders and motives of hospitalization of patients in a psychiatric hospital.
Material And Methods: One hundred and thirty-two patients were examined, 72 patients of the main group were admitted to general psychiatric departments, 60 patients of the control group in the sanatorium psychiatric departments. Clinical-psychopathological, follow-up, psychometric and statistical methods were used. Read More
Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2017 12 14;142(25):1912-1918. Epub 2017 Dec 14.
Clin Psychol Psychother 2018 Mar 11;25(2):263-271. Epub 2017 Dec 11.
Institute for Behavioral and Cognitive Psychology and Psychotherapy of Florence (IPSICO), Florence, Italy.
Research has supported the specific role that anxiety sensitivity, health-related dysfunctional beliefs, and metacognitive beliefs may play in the development and maintenance of health anxiety symptoms. However, the role of metacognitive beliefs in health anxiety has only been explored in analogue samples. The aim of this study was to explore for the first time the association between metacognitive beliefs and health anxiety symptoms in a sample of participants who reported having received a diagnosis of severe health anxiety (hypochondriasis) or illness anxiety disorder and test whether these beliefs are significant predictors of health anxiety after controlling for anxiety, depression, anxiety sensitivity, and dysfunctional beliefs. Read More
Dent Update 2017 Jan;44(1):8-12, 15-20, 23-4, 26-8, 30-2
Phantom bite syndrome was first described by Marbach over 40 years ago as a mono-symptomatic hypochondriacal psychosis. He used the term to describe a prolonged syndrome in which patients report that their ‘bite is wrong’ or that ‘their dental occlusion is abnormal’ with this causing them great difficulties. This strong belief about ‘their bite’ being the source of their problems leads to them demanding, and subsequently getting, various types of dentistry carried out by multiple dentists and ‘specialists’. Read More
J Affect Disord 2018 02 8;227:379-383. Epub 2017 Nov 8.
Depression Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.
Background: Anxiety symptoms are common in bipolar disorder. We explored the effect of anxiety on the outcome of acute and continuation pharmacotherapy of bipolar II depression.
Methods: Data were derived from a randomized double-blind 12-week acute (N = 129) and 6-month continuation (N = 55) comparison of venlafaxine versus lithium monotherapy in bipolar II depression in adults. Read More
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2018 03 2;33(3):510-516. Epub 2017 Oct 2.
University Centre of Psychiatry, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
Objective: First, to evaluate the outcome of 2 transdiagnostic day treatment programs. A 20-week psychotherapeutic day treatment (PDT) and an activating day treatment (ADT) program delivered in blocks of 4 weeks with a maximum of 24 weeks with respect to depression, anxiety, and hypochondriasis. Second, to explore the impact of cognitive impairment and personality pathology on treatment outcome. Read More
J Consult Clin Psychol 2017 Oct;85(10):1012-1017
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Goethe University.
Objective: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in treating hypochondriasis. However, there are doubts regarding the long-term effectiveness of CBT for hypochondriasis, in particular for follow-up periods longer than 1 year. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of cognitive therapy (CT) and exposure therapy (ET) for the treatment of hypochondriasis. Read More
J Anxiety Disord 2017 Dec 11;52:8-14. Epub 2017 Sep 11.
The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark; Centre for Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Research Department, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.
Health anxiety (HA) refers to excessive worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness based on misinterpretation of bodily sensations or changes as signs of serious illness. Severe HA is associated with disability and high health care costs. However, the impact of parental HA on excessive concern with their children's health (health anxiety by proxy) is scantly investigated. Read More
Clin Exp Dermatol 2017 Dec 19;42(8):937-938. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
Department of Dermatology, The Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
Med J Aust 2017 06;206(11):472-473
Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression, UNSW Sydney, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, NSW.
Health Technol Assess 2017 09;21(50):1-58
King's Health Economics, King's College London, London, UK.
Background: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but frequent cause of distress that is potentially treatable, but there are few studies in secondary care.
Objective: To determine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a modified form of cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) for health anxiety (CBT-HA) compared with standard care in medical outpatients.
Design: Randomised controlled trial. Read More
J Psychosom Res 2017 Oct 23;101:31-37. Epub 2017 Jul 23.
Clinical Research Unit for Anxiety and Depression (CRUfAD), School of Psychiatry, UNSW Australia, St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia.
Objective: To investigate the reliability, validity and utility of DSM-5 illness anxiety disorder (IAD) and somatic symptom disorder (SSD), and explore their overlap with DSM-IV Hypochondriasis in a health anxious sample.
Methods: Treatment-seeking patients with health anxiety (N=118) completed structured diagnostic interviews to assess DSM-IV Hypochondriasis, DSM-5 IAD, SSD, and comorbid mental disorders, and completed self-report measures of health anxiety, comorbid symptoms, cognitions and behaviours, and service utilization.
Results: IAD and SSD were more reliable diagnoses than Hypochondriasis (kappa estimates: IAD: 0. Read More
Gen Dent 2017 Sep-Oct;65(5):41-46
This case report describes computer-guided occlusal therapy in a patient who met the unified diagnostic criteria for phantom bite. After a review of the patient's medical history, along with a diagnostic work-up that included cone beam computed tomography, temporomandibular joint vibration analysis, and digital occlusal analysis, problematic dental components were discovered (including prolonged disclusion time and imbalanced bite force). A digital occlusal analyzer evaluated the patient's occlusion and systematically guided the necessary changes. Read More
Behav Cogn Psychother 2017 11 25;45(6):673. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
J Tehran Heart Cent 2017 Apr;12(2):95-98
Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Takotsubo or stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a cardiomyopathy in which the patient has a sudden onset, reversible left ventricular systolic dysfunction without any significant coronary artery disease. Four women, who were at a mean age of 64 years and suffered from chest pain exacerbated by emotional stress, were admitted as cases of acute coronary syndrome and were completely evaluated through precise history taking, physical examination, and ECG. Coronary angiography or coronary multidetector computed tomography was used to exclude significant coronary artery disease. Read More
Am J Psychiatry 2017 08;174(8):719-720
From Rhode Island Hospital and Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, R.I.
Clin Psychol Psychother 2017 Nov 26;24(6):O1464-O1473. Epub 2017 Jul 26.
School of Psychology, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.
Differences and similarities between intrusive thoughts typical of obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and hypochondriasis are relevant for their differential diagnosis, formulation, and psychological treatment. Previous research in non-clinical samples pointed out the relevance of some process variables, such as responsibility, guilt, or neutralization strategies. This research is aimed to investigate the differences and similarities between clinical obsessions, worries, and illness intrusions in some of these process variables. Read More
Psychiatry Res 2017 10 5;256:417-422. Epub 2017 Jul 5.
Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address:
Illness anxiety and OCD symptoms appear to overlap in their presentation as well as in other conceptually important ways (e.g., dysfunctional cognitions). Read More
Behav Modif 2017 11 7;41(6):829-845. Epub 2017 Jul 7.
1 University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.
Emotion reactivity, defined as heightened sensitivity, intensity, and persistence of emotional states, has been shown to contribute to the exacerbation of anxiety. However, the association between emotion reactivity and health anxiety has yet to be examined. The aim of the present investigation was to examine the unique predictive ability of emotion reactivity in terms of health anxiety in a sample of medically healthy undergraduates ( n = 194; 59. Read More
Am J Psychiatry 2017 08 29;174(8):756-764. Epub 2017 Jun 29.
From the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York; and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston.
Objective: Prior studies of hypochondriasis demonstrated benefits for pharmacotherapy and for cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). This study examined whether joint treatment offers additional benefit.
Method: Patients with DSM-IV hypochondriasis (N=195) were randomly assigned to one of four treatments-placebo, CBT, fluoxetine, or joint treatment with both fluoxetine and CBT. Read More
J Pain Res 2017 7;10:1411-1423. Epub 2017 Jun 7.
Department of General Medicine, Chiba University Hospital, Chiba, Japan.
Purpose: To develop a clinical score to discriminate patients with somatic symptom disorder (SSD) from those with medical disease (MD) for complaints of non-acute pain.
Methods: We retrospectively examined the clinical records of consecutive patients with pain for a duration of ≥1 month in our department from April 2003 to March 2015. We divided the subjects according to the diagnoses of definite SSD (as diagnosed and tracked by psychiatrists in our hospital), probable SSD (without evaluation by psychiatrists in our hospital), matched MD (randomly matched two patients by age, sex, and pain location for each definite SSD patient), unmatched MD, other mental disease, or functional somatic syndrome (FSS). Read More
Case Rep Psychiatry 2017 31;2017:5064047. Epub 2017 May 31.
Istituto di Psicopatologia, Via Girolamo da Carpi 1, 00196 Rome, Italy.
Hypochondriasis (HYPO), an obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorder, is frequent in patients with schizophrenia (SCH) (20%), especially among those treated with clozapine (36.7%). Treatment options for OCS/OCD in patients under clozapine (CLZ) include combining clozapine with amisulpride/aripiprazole or a mood stabilizer, augmenting clozapine with a serotoninergic reuptake inhibitor, adding cognitive behavioural therapy, and gradually reducing dosage. Read More
Psychoanal Q 2017 Apr;86(2):359-381
Completed training as a Ph.D. in Psychoanalysis and Psychopathology at the University of Paris VII and practices as a Clinical Psychologist in Athens.
After identifying Freud's fundamental contributions to the concept of hypochondria, the author undertakes a brief review of the term's trajectory within the Anglophone and Francophone psychoanalytic literature. Notions of defense, anxiety, and representation as they relate to corporeal experience are discussed. The author illustrates these main axes with which to read hypochondria with clinical material drawn from the analysis of a woman in whom somatic manifestations were especially pervasive. Read More
Clin Psychol Psychother 2017 Nov 16;24(6):1322-1330. Epub 2017 Jun 16.
Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, 103 Borough Road, London, SE10AA.
Cyberchondria refers to the repeated use of the Internet to search for health-related information, which leads to negative consequences. This two-part study provides the first known examination of how cyberchondria relates to (a) problematic Internet use and (b) metacognitive beliefs. Participants were U. Read More
Oman Med J 2017 May;32(3):251-255
Department of Behavioural Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.
A number of reports from different parts of the world have challenged the assumption that Dhat syndrome is confined to populations in and around the Indian subcontinent. This single case study reports an Omani with features typical of Dhat syndrome. Psychometric measures showed elevated scores on indices of hypochondriasis, psychasthenia, and gender role development as defined in the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory. Read More
Dan Med J 2017 May;64(5)
Excessive health anxiety, still designated as hypochondriasis in ICD-10, refers to worries and anxiety about harbouring serious illness. It is common in both primary and secondary health care with prevalence rates up to 9% and causes great suffering for the individual as well as high health care costs when untreated. Growing research suggests that health anxiety may originate in childhood, and studies have demonstrated that cognitive and behavioural features similar to those described for health anxiety in adults may be present. Read More
Biopsychosoc Med 2017 12;11:13. Epub 2017 May 12.
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Kansai Medical University, 2-5-1 Shinmachi, Hirakata-shi, Osaka Japan.
Background: Chronic pain enhances sensory sensitivity and induces the biased development of psychological traits such as depression and pain catastrophizing, leading to the formation of heterogeneous conditions. Fluctuations in the sensory-related thresholds of non-injured sites (with normal peripheral tissue) in patients with chronic pain are thought to be related to central sensitization. The objectives of this study were to analyze the association between pain tolerance thresholds (PTTs) in non-injured sites and the psychological traits of patients with chronic pain and to evaluate the usefulness of PTT measures in assessments of pathological conditions related to chronic pain. Read More
Schmerz 2017 06;31(3):197-199
Schmerzmedizin, Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen, Göttingen, Deutschland.
Clin Psychol Psychother 2017 Nov 26;24(6):1254-1262. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
Department of Clinical Psychology, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, University Heidelberg, Mannheim, Germany.
Background: The aim of this study was to explore whether certain aspects of emotion dysregulation (i.e., facets of alexithymia and rumination) are more closely linked to hypochondriasis than to depression and vice versa. Read More
Psicothema 2017 May;29(2):166-171
Universidad de Valencia.
Introduction: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMI) constitute the normal variants of obsessions in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), preoccupations about defects in Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), images about illness in Hypochondriasis (HYP), and thoughts about eating in Eating Disorders (EDs). We sought to investigate the relationships between frequency and discomfort associated with the experience of the four UMI contents, adopting a within-subject perspective.
Method: A group of 438 university students and community participants (Mage= 29. Read More