2,984 results match your criteria Hypochondriasis


Validation of the Arabic version of the Childhood Illness Attitudes Scales.

East Mediterr Health J 2020 Jun 24;26(6):668-679. Epub 2020 Jun 24.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Al-Zaytoonah Private University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Excessive health anxiety can lead to significant disorders such as hypochondriasis. In children, assessment of the severity of health anxiety has been performed using the Childhood Illness Attitudes Scales (CIAS); however, no validated Arabic version of this tool exists.

Aims: This study developed and validated an Arabic version of the CIAS questionnaire in Jordan in 2017 to provide a tool to measure the severity of health anxiety in the Arabic-speaking world. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.26719/emhj.20.068DOI Listing

Cyberchondria: conceptual relation with health anxiety, assessment, management and prevention.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 Jun 15;53:102225. Epub 2020 Jun 15.

Dept of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, 605006, India; Dept of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, 605006, India.

There is a need to synthesize available information on the emerging construct of cyberchondria to guide evidence informed practice. With this in mind, electronic search of databases including MEDLINE via PubMed, Cochrane Library, ScienceDirect and Google scholar were carried out from inception till March 2020 to identify relevant English language peer reviewed articles related to cyberchondria. Generated abstracts were grouped according to their thematic focus and summarized. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102225DOI Listing

Impact of nickel oral hyposensitization on quality of life in systemic nickel allergy syndrome.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2020 Jan-Dec;34:2058738420934629

Unità di Allergologia e Immunologia Clinica, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Roma, Italia.

Nickel (Ni) oral hyposensitization treatment (NiOHT) is an effective management approach for Ni allergy. No health-related quality of life (HRQoL) data exist for the pre- and post-treatment with NiOHT in systemic nickel allergy syndrome (SNAS). The aims of this study were (a) to explore HRQoL in SNAS patients, (b) to assess changes of HRQoL after 1 year of NiOHT; (c) to evaluate psychological status of patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2058738420934629DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7309377PMC

Health anxiety, cyberchondria, and coping in the current COVID-19 pandemic: Which factors are related to coronavirus anxiety?

J Anxiety Disord 2020 06 20;73:102239. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Experimental Psychopathology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

According to cognitive-behavioral models, traits, triggering events, cognitions, and adverse behaviors play a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of health anxiety. During virus outbreaks, anxiety is widespread. However, the role of trait health anxiety, cyberchondria, and coping in the context of virus anxiety during the current COVID-19 pandemic has not yet been studied. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7239023PMC

A comparison of patients with somatic symptom disorder attending psychiatric services and those unwilling to attend psychiatric services.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 May 18;53:102163. Epub 2020 May 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, India.

The present study aimed to compare the symptom profile, psychological correlates, public stigma, quality of life and disability of patients with somatic symptom disorder attending the psychiatric outpatient services and those who refuse to attend the psychiatry outpatient services. For this, patients were recruited from both Psychiatry outpatient services (N = 62) and Rheumatology outpatient services (N = 41). Participants were assessed on Screening for Somatoform Disorders Instrument, Beck's Depression Inventory, Somatosensory Amplification Scale, Whitley Index, Twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale-Hindi version, Community Attitudes toward the Mentally Ill Scale, World Health Organization-Quality of Life Scale-BREF version (Hindi) and Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102163DOI Listing

Psychiatric characteristics of older persons with medically unexplained symptoms: A comparison with older patients suffering from medically explained symptoms.

Eur Psychiatry 2020 May 20;63(1):e56. Epub 2020 May 20.

University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Interdisciplinary Center for Psychopathology of Emotion Regulation (ICPE), Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background.: Empirical studies on the clinical characteristics of older persons with medically unexplained symptoms are limited to uncontrolled pilot studies. Therefore, we aim to examine the psychiatric characteristics of older patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) compared to older patients with medically explained symptoms (MES), also across healthcare settings. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.51DOI Listing

Why health anxiety needs to be recognised in hospital practice.

Authors:
Peter Tyrer

Clin Med (Lond) 2020 May;20(3):339-342

Imperial College London, London, UK.

Health anxiety, formerly part of hypochondriasis, but now reformulated as excessive concern about health and, by extension, illness, comprises a large proportion of consultations in hospital practice. For too long it has been ignored in practice and not formally treated. This belief is no longer tenable, and in the last few years a number of easily administered psychological treatments have shown consistent benefit that help patients, practitioners and planners of services. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7861/clinmed.2019-0346DOI Listing

Efficacy of internet-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy for severe health anxiety: results from a randomized, controlled trial.

Psychol Med 2020 May 14:1-11. Epub 2020 May 14.

The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Noerrebrogade 44, bldg. 2C, 1, 8000Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: Health anxiety is common, disabling and costly due to patients' extensive use of health care services. Internet-delivered treatment may overcome barriers of accessibility to specialized treatment. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of internet-delivered acceptance and commitment therapy (iACT). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291720001312DOI Listing

The Influence of Socio-Demographic Factors, Lifestyle and Psychiatric Indicators on Adherence to Treatment of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2020 Apr 14;56(4). Epub 2020 Apr 14.

Department of Rheumatology, University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Craiova, 200349 Craiova, Romania.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a severe autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the joints accompanied by the progressive deformation and destruction of cartilage and joint bones. This study aims to gain insight into the outcomes related to adherence in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Predicting the medication adherence in RA patients is a key point to improve the treatment outcome. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina56040178DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7230943PMC
April 2020
0.508 Impact Factor

Development of an Instrument to Assess Parents' Excessive Web-Based Searches for Information Pertaining to Their Children's Health: The "Children's Health Internet Research, Parental Inventory" (CHIRPI).

J Med Internet Res 2020 Apr 15;22(4):e16148. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Clinical and Biological Psychology, Catholic University Eichstaett-Ingolstadt, Eichstaett, Germany.

Background: People often search the internet to obtain health-related information not only for themselves but also for family members and, in particular, their children. However, for a minority of parents, such searches may become excessive and distressing. Little is known about excessive web-based searching by parents for information regarding their children's health. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/16148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7191340PMC

Joseph Wright of Derby and Dr Erasmus Darwin, the artist and his physician.

J Med Biogr 2020 Apr 6:967772020915105. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Retired physician, London, UK.

In 1767 at the time of his great "candlelight" paintings of science and the Enlightenment, and , Wright of Derby developed the illness that plagued him for the rest of his life and became a patient and life-long friend of Dr Erasmus Darwin. Wright's recorded complaints and the periodicity are highly suggestive of the major depressive illness, seasonal affective disorder. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0967772020915105DOI Listing

Internet Hospitals Help Prevent and Control the Epidemic of COVID-19 in China: Multicenter User Profiling Study.

J Med Internet Res 2020 04 14;22(4):e18908. Epub 2020 Apr 14.

The Internet Hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xia'men University, Xia'men City, China.

Background: During the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), internet hospitals in China were engaged with epidemic prevention and control, offering epidemic-related online services and medical support to the public.

Objective: The aim of this study is to explore the role of internet hospitals during the prevention and control of the COVID-19 outbreak in China.

Methods: Online epidemic-related consultations from multicenter internet hospitals in China during the COVID-19 epidemic were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/18908DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7159055PMC

Relationships Between Somatic Symptoms and Panic-Agoraphobic Spectrum Among Frequent Attenders of the General Practice in Italy.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2020 Jul;208(7):540-548

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.

Frequent attenders (FAs) of general practitioners (GPs) often complain of nonspecific physical symptoms that are difficult to define according to typical medical syndromes criteria but could be acknowledged as atypical manifestations of mental disorders. We investigated the possible correlation between somatic symptoms and panic-agoraphobic spectrum symptoms in a sample of 75 FAs of GPs in Italy, with particular attention to the impact on functional impairment. Assessments included the Patient Health Questionnaire, Panic-Agoraphobic Spectrum-Self-Report (PAS-SR) lifetime version, Global Assessment of Functioning, and Clinical Global Impression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000001163DOI Listing
July 2020
1.812 Impact Factor

Sustained benefit of cognitive behaviour therapy for health anxiety in medical patients (CHAMP) over 8 years: a randomised-controlled trial.

Psychol Med 2020 Mar 16:1-9. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Centre for Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK.

Background: Health anxiety is an under-recognised but a frequent cause of distress. It is particularly common in general hospitals.

Methods: We carried out an 8-year follow-up of medical out-patients with health anxiety (hypochondriasis) enrolled in a randomised-controlled trial in five general hospitals in London, Middlesex and Nottinghamshire. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S003329172000046XDOI Listing

Three decades of increase in health anxiety: Systematic review and meta-analysis of birth cohort changes in university student samples from 1985 to 2017.

J Anxiety Disord 2020 Apr 4;71:102208. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Division of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Health anxiety can be defined as a multifaceted trait that is primarily characterised by a fear of, or preoccupation with, serious illness. Whereas low levels of health anxiety can be helpful, clinically significant levels are associated with personal suffering and substantial societal costs. As general anxiety is probably on the rise, and the Internet has increased access to health-related information, it is commonly speculated that health anxiety has increased over the past decades. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2020.102208DOI Listing

Impact of Endoscopists' Personality Traits on Adenoma and Polyp Detection Rates in Colonoscopy: A KASID Multicenter Study.

Dig Dis Sci 2020 Mar 10. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konyang University College of Medicine, Konyang University Hospital, 685 Gasuwon-dong, Daejeon, Choongnam, 302-718, Republic of Korea.

Background: The personality traits of endoscopists have been suggested to affect the adenoma detection rate (ADR). We thus evaluated the relationship between endoscopists' personality traits and the ADR during colonoscopy using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2).

Methods: In total, 1230 patients (asymptomatic and aged 50-80 years) who underwent screening or surveillance (≥ 5 years) colonoscopy were recruited from 13 university hospitals by 20 endoscopists between September 2015 and December 2017. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-020-06158-wDOI Listing
March 2020
2.550 Impact Factor

Is cyberchondria a new transdiagnostic digital compulsive syndrome? A systematic review of the evidence.

Compr Psychiatry 2020 May 27;99:152167. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

Hertfordshire Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust, Rosanne House, Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, UK; University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield, UK.

Background: Cyberchondria (CYB) has been described relatively recently as a behaviour characterized by excessive online searching for medical information that is associated with increasing levels of health anxiety. Although CYB has received some attention from researchers, there is no consensus about many of its aspects.

Aims: We describe one of the first reported cases of a treatment-seeking patient with CYB. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2020.152167DOI Listing

Manifestations of health anxiety in patients with heart transplant.

Heart Lung 2020 Jul - Aug;49(4):364-369. Epub 2020 Mar 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Health anxiety is an important component of psychological adjustment to chronic medical conditions. However, it has been overlooked after heart transplantation.

Objectives: To examine demographic, clinical, and psychological correlates of health anxiety in heart transplanted patients and to compare health anxiety between patients and a sample of matched controls from the general population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2019.12.006DOI Listing

A Comparative Study of Health Anxiety in Neurology and Psychiatry Settings.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2020 Jan 3;11(1):125-129. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

 Prevalence of health anxiety is highly varied based on different settings and samples studied. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of health anxiety among outpatients attending neurology and psychiatry outpatient setting in tertiary care hospital and understand the clinical correlates.  This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the outpatient settings including participants fulfilling study criteria. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-3399395DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7055604PMC
January 2020

Mental disorders and total mortality after 20 years in an adult general population sample.

Eur Psychiatry 2020 Mar 2;63(1):e30. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Social Medicine and Prevention, Institute of Community Medicine, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background.: General population data on associations between mental disorders and total mortality are rare. The aim was to analyze whether the number of mental disorders, single substance use, mood, anxiety, somatoform or eating disorders during the lifetime and whether treatment utilization may predict time to death 20 years later in the general adult population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2020.27DOI Listing

Psychological Characteristics in Patients with Chronic Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: Comparisons with Patients with Major Depressive Disorder and Other Types of Chronic Pain.

J Pain Res 2020 13;13:389-398. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Pain Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.

Objective: This study investigated psychological characteristics of patients with chronic complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and examined relationships between psychosocial factors and pain severity.

Methods: In total, 76 patients with CRPS, 95 patients with other types of chronic pain, 171 healthy controls, and 66 patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) were included. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) profiles and scores on the Beck Depression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory were calculated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S230394DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7026116PMC
February 2020

Medical Maximizing-Minimizing Predicts Patient Preferences for High- and Low-Benefit Care.

Med Decis Making 2020 01;40(1):72-80

Center for Bioethics and Social Sciences in Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

. People vary in their general preferences for more v. less health care, and the validated Medical Maximizing-Minimizing Scale (MMS) reliably measures this orientation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0272989X19891181DOI Listing
January 2020

Illness-related intrusive thoughts and illness anxiety disorder.

Psychol Psychother 2020 Jan 20. Epub 2020 Jan 20.

Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment, I'TOC Research Group, Universitat de València, Spain.

Introduction: Intrusive thoughts about health threats (illness-ITs) are a potential cognitive risk factor for the development and maintenance of illness anxiety disorder (IAD). This study analyzes the dimensionality of illness-ITs from normalcy to psychopathology, and it evaluates whether the appraisals instigated by the Its mediate between these thoughts and IAD symptoms.

Methods: Two groups of individuals participated in the study and completed the Illness Intrusive Thoughts Inventory and the Whiteley Index. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/papt.12267DOI Listing
January 2020

Correlates of worry and functional somatic symptoms in generalized anxiety disorder.

Ind Psychiatry J 2019 Jan-Jun;28(1):29-36. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Department of Psychiatry, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Worry and functional somatic symptoms (FSS) are important clinical features of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Although there is literature on the prevalence of worry and FSS in GAD, there is limited data on psychological correlates of worry and somatic symptoms in patients with GAD.

Objective: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the relationship of worry and FSS with somatosensory amplification, health anxiety (hypochondriasis), and alexithymia in patients with GAD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ipj.ipj_31_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6929227PMC
December 2019

Mediators of treatment effect in minimal-contact cognitive behaviour therapy for severe health anxiety: A theory-driven analysis based on a randomised controlled trial.

J Anxiety Disord 2020 Jan 11;69:102172. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Division of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is efficacious for severe health anxiety, but little is known about mechanisms. We analysed putative mediators of change based on 13 weekly assessments in a randomised controlled trial (N = 132) of exposure-based minimal-contact CBT (guided Internet-delivered CBT, unguided Internet-delivered CBT and bibliotherapy) vs. a waitlist control for severe health anxiety. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2019.102172DOI Listing
January 2020

Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes.

Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 2019 Dec 20;19(6):663-676. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Division of Psychology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

: Health anxiety, also known as 'hypochondriasis', is a common, distressing and costly condition that responds to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) but evidence pertaining to response and remission rates, treatment in routine care, therapist-guided Internet-delivered CBT (ICBT) and health economics has not been systematically reviewed.: In this systematic review and meta-analysis we searched PubMed, PsycINFO, and OATD (17/06/2019) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CBT to non-CBT controls for health anxiety. Based on 19 RCTs, the pooled between-group effect on health anxiety was moderate to large (g = 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14737167.2019.1703182DOI Listing
December 2019

[Non-delusional hypochondriac disorders in old age].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2019 ;119(11):109-115

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

This review aims to present main concepts of hypochondria and 'hypochondriac mood' in old age. Attention is paid to historical and modern positions of old age hypochondria as a meta-syndromic pathology and as an independent mental disorder. Relationships of hypochondriac manifestations with affective variations and anxiety disorders, as well as somatic diseases, organic degenerative brain diseases and vascular disorders are discussed. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro2019119111109DOI Listing
February 2020

DSM-5 Personality Disorders and Traits in Patients With Severe Health Anxiety.

J Nerv Ment Dis 2020 02;208(2):108-117

Psychiatric Research Unit, Region Zealand.

Severe health anxiety (SHA)/hypochondriasis (HY) is often associated with personality pathology; however, studies report inconsistent results. In general populations, 12% have a personality disorder (PD). We assessed physician-referred psychiatric outpatients with SHA enrolled for a treatment study (n = 84) with the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV) axis II (SCID-II), Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), Whiteley Index 7, and Short Health Anxiety Inventory, and the healthy controls (n = 84) with PID-5 only. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000001108DOI Listing
February 2020

Somatic symptom disorder: a diagnostic dilemma.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Nov 25;12(11). Epub 2019 Nov 25.

Department of General Surgery, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, UK.

Somatic symptom disorder (SSD) is a diagnosis that was introduced with publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) in 2013. It eliminated the diagnoses of somatisation disorder, undifferentiated somatoform disorder, hypochondriasis and pain disorder; most of the patients who previously received these diagnoses are now diagnosed in DSM-5 with SSD. The main feature of this disorder is a patient's concern with physical symptoms for which no biological cause is found. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231550DOI Listing
November 2019
4 Reads

Smaller Pituitary Volumes in Patients with Delusional Disorder.

Med Arch 2019 Aug;73(4):253-256

Department of Psychiatry, Firat University School of Medicine, Elazig,Turkey.

Introduction: Delusional disorder shares some clinical characteristics of OCD and hypochondriasis. Delusions compared to obsessions in the OCD and compared to bodily preoccupations in the hypochondriasis are more established beliefs.

Aim: To measure pituitary volumes in patients with delusional disorder and hypothesized that volumes would be reduced in those patients by a mechanism that we could not account for before for patients with OCD and hypochondriasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/medarh.2019.73.253-256DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6853737PMC

A new somatic-type delusional disorder subtype: delusion inversus.

Dermatol Online J 2019 Oct 15;25(10). Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Department of Dermatology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC.

The interplay between psychiatric and dermatologic conditions has been recognized for decades as evidenced by the widely accepted classification system of psychocutaneous disorders: (1) primary dermatologic disorder with psychiatric sequelae, (2) primary dermatologic disorder exacerbated by stress, (3) primary psychiatric disorder with dermatologic sequelae, and (4) miscellaneous. However, there is minimal literature regarding dermatologic patients who demonstrate a preoccupation with a more severe cutaneous disorder despite evidence confirming a diagnosis of a minor, treatable skin condition. These patients are a hybrid of the first and fourth categories and should be classified under a new entity known as delusion inversus. Read More

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October 2019

Cushing's disease: a prospective case-control study of health-related quality of life and cognitive status before and after surgery.

J Neurosurg 2019 Nov 15:1-11. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

2Endocrinology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan.

Objective: Some studies have highlighted psychological and neuropsychological difficulties and a potential reduction in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with pituitary tumors, despite hormone deficits or excess. To the authors' knowledge, this study is the first prospective longitudinal case-control study with the aim of simultaneously testing whether HRQOL and psychiatric and neuropsychological disabilities are related to neural dysfunction due to hypercortisolism per se, or tumor mass and/or surgery in patients with Cushing's disease (CD). The authors evaluated a homogeneous cohort of patients with CD and nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) before and after neurosurgery and compared these patients with healthy controls. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3171/2019.8.JNS19930DOI Listing
November 2019
3.737 Impact Factor

Dysfunctional beliefs as mediators between illness-related intrusive thoughts and health anxiety symptoms.

Behav Cogn Psychother 2020 May 10;48(3):315-326. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Departmento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos, Research Unit for Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders (I'TOC), Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Avda. Blasco Ibáñez 21, Valencia-46010, Spain.

Background: Cognitive behavioural models of hypochondriasis assume that dysfunctional illness-related beliefs are involved in the genesis and maintenance of the disorder. The role that other more general dysfunctional beliefs about thoughts play in this disorder has also been highlighted. Internal triggers such as illness-related intrusive thoughts could activate these beliefs. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000535DOI Listing
May 2020
8 Reads

Prevalence of hypochondriac symptoms among health science students in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(9):e0222663. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Background: Hypochondriac symptoms are commonly reported in health science students. With their incomplete medical knowledge, they may compare their own bodily symptoms with disease symptoms during the process of learning, which can lead to mental distress and the need for repeated medical reassurance.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of hypochondriac symptoms in Chinese health science students. Read More

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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0222663PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6748570PMC
March 2020
1 Read

The Spanish validation of the Short Health Anxiety Inventory: Psychometric properties and clinical utility.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2019 Sep 25;19(3):251-260. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Valencia, Spain.

Background/objective: The Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI) is a widely used self-report instrument to evaluate health anxiety. To assess the SHAI's factor structure, psychometric properties, and accuracy in differentiating Spanish non-clinical individuals from patients with severe health anxiety or hypochondriasis.

Method: A total of 342 community participants (61. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2019.05.003DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6732766PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Accuracy of self-referral in health anxiety: comparison of patients self-referring to internet-delivered treatment versus patients clinician-referred to face-to-face treatment.

BJPsych Open 2019 Sep 9;5(5):e80. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Associate Professor, The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.

Background: Severe health anxiety is a chronic and costly disorder if untreated. Patient self-referral may lower barriers to treatment and decrease diagnostic delay.

Aims: This study evaluated the accuracy of self-referral for severe health anxiety and compared characteristics of patients self-referred to internet-delivered treatment with patients referred by a clinician to face-to-face treatment. Read More

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https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S205647241
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1192/bjo.2019.54DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6737511PMC
September 2019
2 Reads

Data on gray matter alterations in anxious depression.

Data Brief 2019 Aug 30;25:104322. Epub 2019 Jul 30.

Huaxi MR Research Center (HMRRC), Department of Radiology, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

This data article provided additional data related to the research article entitled "Brain structural abnormalities in emotional regulation and sensory processing regions associated with anxious depression" Peng et al.,2019. Correlation analyses were conducted for clinical information (HAMD total, anxiety/somatization scores, HAMA total and illness duration) and identified regional gray matter volumes in all patients with anxious depression and non-anxious depression. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.104322DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6702383PMC
August 2019
2 Reads

Increase in the prevalence of health anxiety in medical clinics: Possible cyberchondria.

Int J Soc Psychiatry 2019 11 3;65(7-8):566-569. Epub 2019 Aug 3.

3 Independent Statistical Consultant, Amersham, UK.

Background: Health anxiety may be an increasing problem because of the focus on monitoring health and increasing use of the Internet for self-diagnosis (cyberchondria). There is very little information about changes in the prevalence of health anxiety.

Aim: We compared the prevalence of health anxiety in four medical clinics in one hospital over a 4-year period using the Health Anxiety Inventory (HAI) as a diagnostic marker. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764019866231DOI Listing
November 2019

Illness cognition and health anxiety in parents of children with cancer.

J Psychosoc Oncol 2019 Nov-Dec;37(6):713-728. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, American University of Beirut , Beirut , Lebanon.

Health anxiety is a clinical entity characterized by a pathological fear of illness. Illness cognition refers to persistent positive or negative thoughts an individual has towards illness. Evidence has shown that patients with chronic conditions who possess negative illness cognitions experience greater social, emotional, and physical difficulties than patients with positive illness cognitions. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07347332.2019.1600629DOI Listing
February 2020
3 Reads

Why is the recognition rate of psychological distress under-estimated in general hospitals? A cross-sectional observational study in China.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jul;98(27):e16274

Mental Health Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

This study aimed to investigate the recognition rate of psychological distress in general hospitals in China and to examine the main associated factors.Using a cross-sectional study design, the questionnaires were administered to a total of 1329 inpatients from a tertiary hospital. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item scale (GAD-7), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-15) and the Whiteley-7 (WI-7) were used to assess patients' mental health status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000016274DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6635296PMC
July 2019
16 Reads

The assessment of cognitive-behavioral therapy skills in patients diagnosed with health anxiety: Development and pilot study on an observer-based rating scale.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2019 Nov 28;26(6):639-649. Epub 2019 Jul 28.

Department of Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a highly effective treatment of health anxiety, but it remains unclear through which mechanisms treatment effects prevail. Some evidence suggests that patients acquire skills-understood as techniques helping them reach therapy goals-through psychotherapy. In the current study, an observer-based rating scale for the skills assessment of patients with health anxiety (SAPH) was developed and validated in a pilot study. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2387DOI Listing
November 2019
4 Reads

Use of Web-Based Health Services in Individuals With and Without Symptoms of Hypochondria: Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2019 06 10;21(6):e10980. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Sigmund Freud Privat Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria.

Background: An increasing number of people consult physicians because of distressing information found online. Cyberchondria refers to the phenomenon of health anxiety because of online health information.

Objective: This study aimed to examine online health research of individuals with and without symptoms of hypochondria and their impact on health anxiety as well as behavior. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10980DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6592511PMC
June 2019
9 Reads

The cross-cultural and transdiagnostic nature of unwanted mental intrusions.

Int J Clin Health Psychol 2019 May 11;19(2):85-96. Epub 2019 Mar 11.

Department of Human Health Science, University of Firenze, Italy.

Background/objective: Unwanted mental intrusions (UMIs), typically discussed in relation to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), are highly prevalent, regardless of the specific nationality, religion, and/or cultural context. Studies have also shown that UMIs related to Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), Illness anxiety/Hypochondriasis (IA-H), and Eating Disorders (EDs) are commonly experienced. However, the influence of culture on these UMIs and their transdiagnostic nature has not been investigated. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchp.2019.02.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6517647PMC
May 2019
6 Reads

The Association Between Benign Fasciculations and Health Anxiety: A Report of Two Cases and a Systematic Review of the Literature.

Psychosomatics 2019 Sep - Oct;60(5):499-507. Epub 2019 Apr 10.

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK; UCL Institute of Mental Health, London, UK.

Background: Benign fasciculation syndrome (BFS) is characterized by persistent spontaneous contractions of muscle fibers in the absence of a pathological cause. Patients with BFS often have concerns around having motor neuron disease, in some cases fulfilling the criteria for health anxiety disorder. Research on how BFS and health anxiety relate to one another and how they should be optimally managed together is sparse. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2019.04.001DOI Listing
April 2019
28 Reads

Cyberchondria and its Relationships with Related Constructs: a Network Analysis.

Psychiatr Q 2019 09;90(3):491-505

Department of Psychiatry, Nepean Hospital, PO Box 63, Penrith, NSW, 27151, Australia.

Cyberchondria denotes repeated online searches for health information that are associated with increasing levels of health anxiety. The aims of this study were to apply network analysis to investigate the extent to which cyberchondria is a distinct construct, ascertain which of the related constructs have the strongest relationships with cyberchondria and investigate whether some of the symptoms of cyberchondria are more central to the construct of cyberchondria. Questionnaires assessing the severity of cyberchondria, health anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms, intolerance of uncertainty, problematic Internet use, anxiety, depression and somatic symptoms were administered to 751 participants who searched for health information online during a previous 3-month period and were recruited from an online crowdsourcing platform. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11126-019-09640-5DOI Listing
September 2019
2 Reads

[Neurophysiological peculiarities of cognitive activity in patients anxiety-depressive and hypochondriacal disorders].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2019 ;119(3):43-49

Moscow Research and Clinical Centre for Neuropsychiatry, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To study neurophysiological features of the cognitive activity in patients with anxiety-depressive and hypochondriacal disorders.

Material And Methods: The study included 65 people: 16 with hypochondriacal disorder, 23 with mixed anxiety and depressive disorder, and 26 control subjects. Heart rate variability method and electroencephalography were used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/jnevro201911903143DOI Listing
August 2019
3 Reads

Psychological profiles in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery or rhinoplasty: a preoperative and preliminary comparison.

Oral Maxillofac Surg 2019 Jun 23;23(2):179-186. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

Division of Maxillofacial Surgery, Universita degli Studi del Piemonte Orientale Amedeo Avogadro, Novara, Italy.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess, identify, and compare the personality traits and psychosocial status of two groups of patients undergoing orthognathic surgery and rhinoseptoplasty respectively.

Study Design: This prospective study recruited patients referred for orthognathic surgery and for rhinoseptoplasty. The research protocol included the administrations of questionnaires to the patients during their last visit before surgery, including the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the tree drawing test (or Baum test), and the BC Scale. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10006-019-00758-1DOI Listing
June 2019
5 Reads

The CSS-12: Development and Validation of a Short-Form Version of the Cyberchondria Severity Scale.

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2019 May 23;22(5):330-335. Epub 2019 Apr 23.

3 School of Psychology and Psychology Research Institute, Ulster University, Londonderry, United Kingdom.

Cyberchondria is defined as an increase in anxiety about one's health status as a result of excessive online searches. McElroy and Shevlin (2014) developed the first multidimensional, self-report measure of this construct-the Cyberchondria Severity Scale (CSS). The CSS consists of 33 items which can be summed to form a total score, and/or 5 subscale scores. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2018.0624DOI Listing
May 2019
4 Reads

Cyberchondria and its measurement. The Polish adaptation and psychometric properties of the Cyberchondria Severity Scale CSS-PL.

Psychiatr Pol 2019 Feb 28;53(1):49-60. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Zakład Humanistycznych Nauk Lekarskich, Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu.

Objectives: The aim of this paper is a presentation of the adaptation process of the Cyberchondria Severity Scale (SCC) to measure cyberchondria and verification of reliability and construct validities of the test in the Polish population.

Methods: The study included 380 participants (203 women and 177 men) aged 19-68 (M = 26.5; SD = 11. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.12740/PP/81799DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read