3,072 results match your criteria Hypochondriasis


Factors associated with health anxiety in medical students at a private university in Lima, Peru.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) 2022 Jun 23. Epub 2022 Jun 23.

Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), Lima, Peru.

Introduction: There are few studies that examine the factors associated with the different levels of health anxiety in medical students. The objective was to determine the factors associated with the levels of health anxiety in medical students in 2018.

Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out with 657 medical students from a private Peruvian university. Read More

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[Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders according to ICD-11 and DSM-5 : With brief consideration of the new obsessive-compulsive disorders olfactory reference disorder and hypochondriasis].

Authors:
M Zaudig

Nervenarzt 2022 Jun 20. Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Psychotherapeutisches Gesundheitszentrum München, Lindwurmstr. 83, 80337, München, Deutschland.

This article summarizes the current state of research with respect to the new obsessive-compulsive and related disorders (OCRD) grouping according to the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-11) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). The ICD-11 grouping of OCRD is based on common clinical features, such as repetitive undesired thoughts and repetitive behavior and is supported by the literature and empirical data from the fields of imaging and genetics. The disorders in this grouping in ICD-11 include obsessive-compulsive disorder, pathological hoarding, body dysmorphic disorder, trichotillomania, excoriation disorder, and as new disorders differing to DSM‑5, hypochondriasis, olfactory reference disorder and Tourette syndrome. Read More

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Health anxiety by proxy - through the eyes of the parents.

J Child Health Care 2022 May 5:13674935221095648. Epub 2022 May 5.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 11297Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Health anxiety by proxy is a newly described phenomenon where parents worry excessively that their child suffers from a serious illness. In a former study, six parents with distressing worries about their child's health were interviewed to develop the Health Anxiety by Proxy Scale. The present study is a secondary analysis of these semi-structured interview data using interpretative phenomenological analysis aiming to explore for the first time the lived experience of parents with health anxiety by proxy. Read More

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Latency to treatment seeking in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: Results from a large multicenter clinical sample.

Psychiatry Res 2022 06 19;312:114567. Epub 2022 Apr 19.

Institute of Psychiatry, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Brazilian Research Consortium on Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders (CTOC), Brazil.

This study aimed to identify the factors associated with a delay in treatment-seeking among patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), a disabling neuropsychiatric disorder. To achieve this purpose, we conducted a cross-sectional study examining latency to treatment (LTT) and its associated correlates in 863 patients with OCD. We defined LTT as the time lag between the awareness of discomfort and/or impairment caused by symptoms and the beginning of OCD-specific treatment. Read More

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Changes in the Mean of and Variance in Psychological Disease Incidences before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Korean Adult Population.

J Pers Med 2022 Apr 4;12(4). Epub 2022 Apr 4.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, CHA University, Bundang CHA Medical Center, Seongnam 13496, Korea.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been suggested to increase the risk of depression and anxiety disorders. This study expanded upon previous findings by estimating the changes in medical visits for various psychological disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to before COVID-19. The entire Korean population ≥ 20 years old (~42. Read More

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Changes in the Mean of Medical Visits Due to Psychiatric Disease in Korean Children and Adolescents before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Life (Basel) 2022 Apr 18;12(4). Epub 2022 Apr 18.

Hallym Data Science Laboratory, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14068, Korea.

The COVID-19 pandemic has been suggested to have adverse impacts on psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to investigate the changes in medical visits due to a wide range of psychiatric disorders in children during the COVID-19 pandemic. The medical visits of all Korean children and adolescents (0-19 years old) due to the 12 following psychiatric disorders were investigated: autism; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); depressive disorder; bipolar disorder; primary insomnia; schizophrenia; panic disorder; hypochondriasis; posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); anxiety disorder; anorexia nervosa; and adephagia. Read More

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Psychological Behavior, Work Stress, and Social Support of Frontline Nurses During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2022 Apr 13:1-7. Epub 2022 Apr 13.

Using a cluster sampling method, 248 nurses from frontline departments of three large general hospitals in Sichuan Province, China, were selected as participants in the current study. Risk perception and coping methods during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, negative emotions and psychological workload, and awareness of social support among nurses were studied. Negative emotions among nurses increased significantly, with fear being the most common (73. Read More

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The Portrait of Cyberchondria-A Cross-Sectional Online Study on Factors Related to Health Anxiety and Cyberchondria in Polish Population during SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 04 5;19(7). Epub 2022 Apr 5.

Department of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, 50-367 Wroclaw, Poland.

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has served as a magnifying glass for cyberchondria, while the internet emerged as one of the main sources of medical information and support. The core ambition of this study was to estimate the level of cyberchondria and describe the socio-demographic, clinical and pandemic-related factors affecting its severity amid the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was performed between 16 May 2020 and 29 December 2020 in Poland within a sample of 538 adult internet users. Read More

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A comparative study on psychiatric morbidity among elderly population residing in old-age homes and community.

J Family Med Prim Care 2022 Jan 31;11(1):53-59. Epub 2022 Jan 31.

Department of Pharmacology, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Aims And Objectives: The objective of this study is to study, assess and compare the socio-demographic profile, psychiatric morbidity, cognitive functioning, quality of life and social support of senior citizens in care homes as well as in the communities.

Material And Methods: Hundred subjects (50 were from old-age home and the rest were from the community) were assessed using intake pro forma details and an interview questionnaire. The Geriatric Mental Status questionnaire, Mini-Mental Status Examination, Quality of Life Support, and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support scales were then performed on each subject from the two groups in that order, and they were rated on all scales. Read More

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January 2022

Subjective health status: an easily available, independent, robust and significant predictive factor at the prometaphase of vaccination programs for the vaccination behavior of Chinese adults.

BMC Psychiatry 2022 03 14;22(1):180. Epub 2022 Mar 14.

The People's Hospital of Wenjiang Chengdu, 86 Kangtai Road, Wenjiang District, Chengdu, 611135, China.

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) proposed COVID-19 vaccination as an emergent and important method to end the COVID-19 pandemic. Since China started vaccination programs in December 2020, vaccination has spread to provinces and municipalities nationwide. Previous research has focused on people's vaccination willingness and its influencing factors but has not examined vaccination behavior. Read More

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Self-reported and Agency-Notified Child Abuse as a Contributor to Health Anxiety in a Population-Based Birth Cohort Study at 30-Year Follow-up.

J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2022 Feb 15. Epub 2022 Feb 15.

School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Public Health Building, Herston, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Health anxiety is a subtype of the older term hypochondriasis, in which there is worry rather than conviction of having an illness. Information on the association between childhood maltreatment and health anxiety in adulthood often comes from retrospective questionnaires that may be subject to recall bias. There are no prospective data studies using reports to statutory agencies. Read More

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February 2022

Correlation between preoperative psychological personality traits of glioma patients and psychological distress in their primary caregivers.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2022 03 25;214:107144. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Taiping Street 25#, Lu Zhou 646000, China; Sichuan Clinical Research Center for Neurosurgery, Taiping Street 25#, Lu Zhou 646000, China; Academician (Expert) Workstation of Sichuan Province, Taiping Street 25#, Lu Zhou 646000, China; Laboratory of Neurosurgery Diseases and Brain Function, Taiping Street 25#, Lu Zhou, 646000, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore the relationship between preoperative psychological personality traits of glioma patients and preoperative psychological distress of their primary caregivers.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 85 glioma patients (tumor group) who were admitted to our hospital from February 2016 to December 2018 and 85 primary caregivers. Forty-one healthy volunteers were used as controls. Read More

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Platelet Parameters, C-Reactive Protein, and Depression: An Association Study.

Int J Gen Med 2022 6;15:243-251. Epub 2022 Jan 6.

Department of General, Qiaokou Han Jia Dun Street Community Health Service Center, Wuhan, 430000, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Objective: This study aims to investigate the correlation of platelet parameters and C-reactive protein (CRP) with depression.

Methods: The clinical data of 61 patients with depression and 30 healthy control subjects were collected to compare the platelet parameters, CRP levels, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) scores of the two groups for correlation analysis.

Results: The results revealed that the body mass index (BMI) of patients with depression was lower (P < 0. Read More

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January 2022

Epidemiological Features and Clinical Manifestations of Patients With Somatoform Disorder at a Tertiary Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2021 Nov 22;13(11):e19799. Epub 2021 Nov 22.

Department of Mental Health, Ministry of the National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, SAU.

Background Somatoform disorder (SD), known as the presence of physical symptoms suggesting a physical condition, for which there are no demonstrable organic findings or established physiological mechanisms with positive evidence that the symptoms are related to psychological causes. The aim of this study was to highlight the epidemiological characteristics, demographic features, comorbidities, and clinical presentations of patients with SD. Materials and methods This was a retrospective study of SD patients at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Read More

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November 2021

Social inequalities in health anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Psychosom Res 2022 02 18;153:110706. Epub 2021 Dec 18.

University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Institute of Medical Sociology, Martinistraße 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: The association between a low socioeconomic status and poor health, also known as social inequalities in health, has been shown in numerous studies. This also applies to most mental illnesses, such as somatization or anxiety disorders. It is unclear, however, whether social inequalities are evident in health anxiety as well. Read More

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February 2022

Medical and Health-Related Misinformation on Social Media: Bibliometric Study of the Scientific Literature.

J Med Internet Res 2022 01 25;24(1):e28152. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Digital Health and Patient Safety, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Social media has been extensively used for the communication of health-related information and consecutively for the potential spread of medical misinformation. Conventional systematic reviews have been published on this topic to identify original articles and to summarize their methodological approaches and themes. A bibliometric study could complement their findings, for instance, by evaluating the geographical distribution of the publications and determining if they were well cited and disseminated in high-impact journals. Read More

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January 2022

Predicting Treatment Selections for Individuals with Major Depressive Disorder According to Functional Connectivity Subgroups.

Brain Connect 2022 Feb 4. Epub 2022 Feb 4.

School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a highly prevalent and disabling disease. Currently, patients' treatment choices depend on their clinical symptoms observed by clinicians, which are subjective. Rich evidence suggests that different functional networks' dysfunctions correspond to different intervention preferences. Read More

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February 2022

Effectiveness of Videoconference-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adults With Psychiatric Disorders: Systematic and Meta-Analytic Review.

J Med Internet Res 2021 12 13;23(12):e31293. Epub 2021 Dec 13.

Research Center for Child Mental Development, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the gold standard of psychotherapy for psychiatric disorders. However, the format of delivering CBT in person limits access to the intervention. The advancements in information and communication technology, especially the internet, present an opportunity for cognitive behavioral therapists to service patients or clients in remote areas through videoconferencing. Read More

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December 2021

Do patients with pathological health anxiety fear COVID-19? A time-course analysis of 12 single cases during the "first wave" of the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany.

J Psychosom Res 2021 Dec 1;152:110687. Epub 2021 Dec 1.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Experimental Psychopathology, Johannes Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Germany. Electronic address:

Objective: Pre-existing health anxiety is associated with an intensified affective response to the novel COVID-19 pandemic in the general population. Still, results on the reaction of people with a diagnosis of pathological health anxiety (i.e. Read More

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December 2021

Validity and reliability of the diagnostic codes for hypochondriasis and dysmorphophobia in the Swedish National Patient Register: a retrospective chart review.

BMJ Open 2021 12 6;11(12):e051853. Epub 2021 Dec 6.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: In the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Edition (ICD-10), hypochondriasis (illness anxiety disorder) and dysmorphophobia (body dysmorphic disorder) share the same diagnostic code (F45.2). However, the Swedish ICD-10 allows for these disorders to be coded separately (F45. Read More

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December 2021

Psychological Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth Among the General Population in Wuhan, China During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 2022 Apr 3;60(4):39-46. Epub 2021 Dec 3.

The aim of the current study was to investigate psychological symptoms and post-traumatic growth (PTG) among the general population in Wuhan, China during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. An online survey was conducted using convenience sampling. Participants were invited to fill out this questionnaire, which included information on sociodemographic characteristics and other survey objectives. Read More

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Differential Treatment Response Between Hypochondriasis With and Without Prominent Somatic Symptoms.

Front Psychiatry 2021 8;12:691703. Epub 2021 Nov 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States.

Health anxiety may exist with or without prominent somatic symptoms, but the impact of somatic symptoms on treatment response is unclear. The study objective was to examine this question further as symptom burden may impact choice of type of treatment. This exploratory study used a unique database from a prior trial of 193 individuals with DSM-IV hypochondriasis who had been randomly assigned to either cognitive behavioral therapy, fluoxetine, combined therapy, or placebo. Read More

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November 2021

Conceptualizations of Cyberchondria and Relations to the Anxiety Spectrum: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2021 11 18;23(11):e27835. Epub 2021 Nov 18.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Experimental Psychopathology, Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz, Mainz, Germany.

Background: Cyberchondria describes the detrimental effects of health-related internet use. Current conceptualizations agree that cyberchondria is associated with anxiety-related pathologies and may best be conceptualized as a safety behavior; however, little is known about its exact underlying mechanisms.

Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to give an overview of the conceptualizations of cyberchondria and its relation to anxiety-related pathologies, quantify the strength of association to health anxiety by using meta-analyses, highlight gaps in the literature, and outline a hypothetical integrative cognitive-behavioral model of cyberchondria based on the available empirical evidence. Read More

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November 2021

Postinfection Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Authors:
Uday C Ghoshal

Gut Liver 2022 05;16(3):331-340

Department of Gastroenterology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

Following acute gastroenteritis (AGE) due to bacteria, viruses, or protozoa, a subset of patients develop new onset Rome criteria positive irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), called postinfection IBS (PI-IBS). The pooled prevalence of PI-IBS following AGE was 11.5%. Read More

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Resilience level and its relationship with hypochondriasis in nurses working in COVID-19 reference hospitals.

BMC Nurs 2021 Nov 2;20(1):219. Epub 2021 Nov 2.

Health Human Resources Research Center, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Introduction: A new coronavirus, called COVID-19, is an acute respiratory disease, which may arouse many psychological disorders since there is no specialized knowledge about it. The present study aimed to investigate the level of resilience and its relationship with hypochondriasis in nurses working in a COVID-19 reference hospital in south of Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2020, in which 312 nurses participated using the census method. Read More

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November 2021

Mental Disorders as Influencing Factors for Discordances in the Signs and Symptoms of Dry Eye Disease.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Spring-Summer;33(Suppl 4):588-595

Department for Ophthalmology, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Avenija Gojka Šuška 6, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia,

Dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disease of the tear film and ocular surface representing one of the most common problems in ophthalmological practice. Characteristic symptoms of DED include gritty, sandy foreign body sensation as well as visual disturbances that have a negative impact on the patient's daily activities and social life. It is often assumed that the symptoms of dry eye are the main features of this disease, however, the symptoms do not always coincide with the signs and the results of diagnostic tests and the cause of this discordance in perception is still unclear. Read More

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November 2021

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for management of mental health and stress-related disorders: Recent advances in techniques and technologies.

Biopsychosoc Med 2021 Oct 3;15(1):16. Epub 2021 Oct 3.

Unit of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps individuals to eliminate avoidant and safety-seeking behaviors that prevent self-correction of faulty beliefs, thereby facilitating stress management to reduce stress-related disorders and enhance mental health. The present review evaluated the effectiveness of CBT in stressful conditions among clinical and general populations, and identified recent advances in CBT-related techniques. A search of the literature for studies conducted during 1987-2021 identified 345 articles relating to biopsychosocial medicine; 154 (45%) were review articles, including 14 systemic reviews, and 53 (15%) were clinical trials including 45 randomized controlled trials. Read More

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October 2021

The relative contribution of health cognitions and metacognitions about health anxiety to cyberchondria: A prospective study.

J Clin Psychol 2022 05 24;78(5):809-820. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Division of Psychology, School of Applied Sciences, London South Bank University, London, UK.

Objectives: Cyberchondria involves the excessive and compulsive use of the Internet to search for health information. The present study investigated the relative contribution of health cognitions and metacognitions about health anxiety to prospective cyberchondria scores, controlling for health anxiety and hours spent online per day.

Methods: A convenience sample of 221 participants was recruited for the purpose of this study with a final sample totaling 125 participants (58. Read More

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Unveiling the relationships between cyberchondria and psychopathological symptoms.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Nov 2;143:254-261. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Centre for Excessive Gambling, Lausanne University Hospitals (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland; Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland; Research Centre, University Institute of Mental Health at Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Cyberchondria is a clinical entity of excessive and repetitive online health-related searches, associated with health anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms and intolerance of uncertainty. Its relationships with depressive and somatic symptoms have not yet received much attention. The purpose of this study was to examine the individual and comparative effects of several psychopathology constructs on the severity of cyberchondria. Read More

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November 2021