3,029 results match your criteria Hypochondriasis


Interleukin-8 and lower severity of depression in females, but not males, with treatment-resistant depression.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 9;140:350-356. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, United States; Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, United States.

Introduction: In cross-sectional studies of depressed patients, relationships between depression and levels of IL-8 are inconsistent, and have not been examined in relation to sex. Given identified sex differences in longitudinal data, it is important to evaluate sex-specific cross-sectional relationships between IL-8 and depressive symptoms, which may explain some inconsistency in the extant literature. It is further unknown whether IL-8 levels may relate to specific symptom profiles among depressed patients, with or without regard to sex. Read More

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In Orthopaedic Speciality Care, Longer Explanations Are Not More Caring or More Satisfying.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School, the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

Background: Research consistently documents no correlation between the duration of a musculoskeletal specialty care visit and patient experience (perceived empathy of the specialist and satisfaction with care). Based on a combination of clinical experience and other lines of research, we speculate that longer visits are often related to discordance between specialist and patient interpretation of symptoms and weighting of available test and treatment options. If this is true, then the specific duration of time discussing the specialist's interpretations and options with the patient (expertise transfer) might correlate with satisfaction with care and perceived empathy of the clinician even if the total visit time does not. Read More

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Changes in Mental Health of Women Undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology Treatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic Outbreak in Xi'an, China.

Front Public Health 2021 25;9:645421. Epub 2021 May 25.

Translational Medicine Center, Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital, Xi'an, China.

To investigate the mental health of women undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment during the novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak in Xi'an, China. A repeated cross-sectional study was administered to women undergoing ART treatment during the outbreak period (599 women in February 2020) and the control period (892 women in May 2020) at the Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital, Xi'an, China. Both the ART-treated women surveyed during the outbreak period and those surveyed during the control period had high scores on the fear dimension (0. Read More

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A preliminary investigation of Cyberchondria and its correlates in a clinical sample of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety and depressive disorders attending a tertiary psychiatric clinic.

Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract 2021 May 25:1-12. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Mental Health, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences Luigi Sacco, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the frequency and presentation of cyberchondria (CYB) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety disorders (ADs), and major depression disorder (MDD). Seventy-seven patients (OCD:25, ADs:26, MDD:26) referred to a tertiary psychiatry outpatient clinic and 27 healthy controls (HCs) were included. A 'working' definition of CYB was used to measure CYB frequency. Read More

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Using Fear and Anxiety Related to COVID-19 to Predict Cyberchondria: Cross-sectional Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 06 9;23(6):e26285. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Background: Studies have highlighted that fear and anxiety generated by COVID-19 are important psychological factors that affect all populations. There currently remains a lack of research on specific amplification factors regarding fear and anxiety in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite established associations between anxiety sensitivity, intolerance of uncertainty, and cyberchondria, empirical data investigating the associations between these three variables, particularly in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, are currently lacking. Read More

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The role of individual factors on corona-induced hypochondriasis and job stress: A case study in workplace.

Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 20;35:11. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundi Shapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Given the importance of maintaining the mental health of workers, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of the individual factors on hypochondriasis and job stress under the corona epidemic condition in a company. This cross-sectional study was performed on 275 workers in 2020 in one of the industries in southern Iran. To gather the data, demographic, researcher-made, standard hypochondria, and job stress questionnaires were sent electronically along with a guide and study objectives. Read More

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January 2021

Psychological Responses According to Gender during the Early Stage of COVID-19 in Spain.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 2;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Imaya Medical Institute (Private Therapy Clinic), 36204 Vigo, Spain.

Background: Current research has pointed out an increased risk of mental health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic in women compared to men, however the reason for this difference remains unclear. The aim of this research is to study early psychological responses to the pandemic in the Spanish general population, focusing on gender differences.

Methods: Nine to 14 days after the declaration of a state of emergency an online survey was conducted assessing sociodemographic, health, behavioral and COVID-19-related variables. Read More

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Health anxiety symptoms in pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder: patient characteristics and effect on treatment outcome.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

The aim was to explore the potential clinical role of health anxiety (HA) symptoms in children and adolescents diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The study investigated differences in demographic and various clinical variables between young people with OCD, with and without HA symptoms, and the effect of HA symptoms on overall OCD treatment outcome. The study sample comprised 269 children and adolescents with OCD (aged 7-17 years) from the large Nordic Long-term OCD Treatment Study. Read More

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Machine learning to predict clinical remission in depressed patients after acute phase selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 31;287:372-379. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, Beijing, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Mental Health (Peking University), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are suggested as the first-line treatment for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), but the remission rate is unsatisfactory. We aimed to establish machine learning models and explore variables available at baseline to predict the 8-week outcome among patients taking SSRIs.

Methods: Data from 400 patients were used to build machine learnings. Read More

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Distinguishing hypochondriasis and schizophrenia using regional homogeneity: a resting-state fMRI study and support vector machine analysis.

Acta Neuropsychiatr 2021 Apr 5:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, The Key Laboratory of Mental Disorder's Management of Zhejiang Province, Zhejiang Engineering Center for Mathematical Mental Health, Hangzhou, ZJ, People's Republic of China.

Objective: A few former studies suggested that there are partial overlaps in abnormal brain structure and cognitive function between hypochondriasis (HS) and schizophrenia (SZ). But their differences in brain activity and cognitive function were unclear.

Methods: Twenty-one HS patients, 23 SZ patients, and 24 healthy controls (HC) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) with the regional homogeneity analysis (ReHo), subsequently exploring the relationship between ReHo value and cognitive functions. Read More

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Factors Associated with Health Anxiety in Medical Students at a Private University in Lima, Peru.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) 2021 Jan 21. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas (UPC), Lima, Perú.

Introduction: There are few studies that examine the factors associated with the different levels of health anxiety in medical students. The objective was to determine the factors associated with the levels of health anxiety in medical students in 2018.

Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out with 657 medical students from a private Peruvian university. Read More

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January 2021

[Asthenic disorders in schizophrenia (schizoasthenia) on the model of hypochondriac schizophrenia].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(2):7-12

Mental Health Research Centre, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To determine the structure and mechanisms of interaction of asthenic disorders with negative and positive psychopathological symptoms in hypochondriac schizophrenia.

Material And Methods: The study included male and female patients, aged 17-69 years, with a diagnosis of hypochondriac schizophrenia (F20.80 according to ICD-10) and asthenia symptoms. Read More

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Illness Anxiety Disorder: A Case Report and Brief Review of the Literature.

Cureus 2021 Jan 25;13(1):e12897. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Critical Care Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, USA.

Illness anxiety disorder (IAD) is defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) as the preoccupation with having or acquiring a serious illness, in the absence of somatic symptoms (or, if present, symptoms that are only mild in severity). Patients with IAD experience persistent anxiety or fear of having or acquiring a serious illness, which adversely affects their daily life. They remain unsatisfied with their physician's reassurances to the contrary, mainly because their distress is created by the anxiety of the meaning, significance, and cause of the complaints and not necessarily due to the physical presentations. Read More

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January 2021

Personality profiles in young adults with orthorexic eating behaviors.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Laboratoire CERPPS (Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Psychopathologie et Psychologie de La Santé), Université Toulouse Jean Jaurès, UT2J, 5 allées Antonio Machado, 31058, Toulouse, France.

Purpose: Orthorexia nervosa (ON), defined as an excessive preoccupation with healthy eating, has gained more interest in the literature over these past few years. However, little is known about its risk and protective factors, in particular with regards to personality.

Methods: A total of 3235 college students (10. Read More

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February 2021

Health anxiety among medical students: A comparison between preclinical and clinical years of training.

J Educ Health Promot 2020 29;9:356. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Medical Student, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India.

Objective: It is common among medical students to falsely attribute bodily sensations/symptoms and holds a belief of having a medical illness with varying level of conviction. We studied and compared this condition known as "medical student syndrome", a type of hypochondriasis, between preclinical and clinical years students.

Methodology: This research was a descriptive study where a total of 100 students were approached and were asked to complete a short form of health anxiety inventory (SHAI) which has Cronbach's alpha 0. Read More

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December 2020

Personality profiles in paradoxical insomnia: a case-control study.

Sleep Sci 2020 Oct-Dec;13(4):242-248

Sleep disorders research center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Introduction: Paradoxical insomnia (PARA-I) is a clinically challenging condition to diagnose and treat. Previous findings suggest that personality profiles of patients with PARA-I may be different from other subtypes of insomnia. Therefore, investigation of these profiles can be helpful in the clinical management of these patients. Read More

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February 2021

Covidophobia: From Cytokine Storm to Mass Hysteria, a New Subtype of Hypochondriasis?

Acta Med Port 2020 Dec 2;33(12):856. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Serviço de Reumatologia. Hospital Rainha Santa Isabel. Centro Hospitalar Médio Tejo. Torres Novas. Centro de Estudos de Doenças Crónicas. Faculdade de Ciências Médicas. Universidade NOVA de Lisboa. Lisboa. Portugal.

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December 2020

Personality changes in patients with refractory epilepsy after surgical treatment: A systematic review.

Seizure 2021 Feb 7;85:95-101. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Consultation Liaison Psychiatry Unit, Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Clinical Institute of Neurosciences, Hospital Clínic i Universitari de Barcelona, Universitat de Barcelona, Villarroel, 170, 08036, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Rosselló, 149, 08036, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Electronic address:

Purpose: We aimed to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the personality changes in adult patients with drug-resistant epilepsy following surgical treatment.

Methods: A systematic review was conducted using the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and MetaAnalyses (PRISMA) statement. We searched PubMed, Medline databases, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, with search terms 'personality', 'epilepsy', and 'surgery'. Read More

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February 2021

Factors for Social Stressors Among Type 2 Diabetics Versus Non-Diabetics Using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale.

Cureus 2020 Dec 2;12(12):e11861. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Pathology, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College, Karachi, PAK.

Objective This study aimed to evaluate different factors of social stressors among people with type II diabetes versus non-diabetics by using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D). Methodology This case-control study was done for one year at Ziauddin University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Diagnosed patients with type II diabetes between 25 and 60 years were included as cases and age-related healthy individuals as controls. Read More

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December 2020

Diagnostic utility of the Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory-2 in patients diagnosed with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures in the Czech Republic.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 02 30;115:107698. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Epilepsy Center, Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study is to examine the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2 (MMPI-2) scores of individuals diagnosed with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in a tertiary epilepsy center in the Czech Republic.

Method: Patients (F:M 130:45; mean age 36.8 years; 12. Read More

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February 2021

Gray Matter Volume and Functional Connectivity in Hypochondriasis: A Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Support Vector Machine Analysis.

Front Hum Neurosci 2020 2;14:596157. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

: Patients with hypochondriasis hold unexplainable beliefs and a fear of having a lethal disease, with poor compliances and treatment response to psychotropic drugs. Although several studies have demonstrated that patients with hypochondriasis demonstrate abnormalities in brain structure and function, gray matter volume (GMV) and functional connectivity (FC) in hypochondriasis still remain unclear. : The present study collected T1-weighted and resting-state functional magnetic resonance images from 21 hypochondriasis patients and 22 well-matched healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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December 2020

Cyberchondria in the age of COVID-19.

PLoS One 2020 17;15(12):e0243704. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia.

The global epidemic of (mis)information, spreading rapidly via social media platforms and other outlets, can be a risk factor for the development of anxiety disorders among vulnerable individuals. Cyberchondria can be a vulnerability factor for developing anxiety in a pandemic situation, particularly when the Internet is flooded with (mis)information. The aim of our study was to examine how cyberchondria is related to changes in levels of COVID-19 concern and safety behaviours among persons living in Croatia during the period in which the first COVID-19 case was identified and when the country recorded its first fatality. Read More

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December 2020

Mental health outcomes among patients from Fangcang shelter hospitals exposed to coronavirus disease 2019: An observational cross-sectional study.

Chronic Dis Transl Med 2021 Mar 9;7(1):57-64. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Peking University Sixth Hospital & Peking University Institute of Mental Health, Beijing 100191, China.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is not only attacking physical health, but it is also increasing psychological suffering. This study aimed to observe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health outcomes among patients with mild to moderate illness in Fangcang shelter hospitals.

Methods: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study of 129 patients with mild to moderate illness from Jiangxia Fangcang shelter hospitals in Wuhan, China. Read More

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Why the symptoms and objective signs of dry eye disease may not correlate.

J Optom 2021 Jan - Mar;14(1):3-10. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

School of Optometry and Vision Science, Australia; University of New South Wales, Kensington, 2052, Australia. Electronic address:

Cases of dry eye disease involving a neuropathic basis for symptoms and a poor correlation between symptoms and objective signs of dry eye disease can be associated with unsatisfactory responses to treatments which are limited to attempts to restore lacrimal function unit deficiencies. This review examines a wider range of circumstances under which the same kind of poor correlation between signs, symptoms and treatment results can be found. Some cases of computer vision syndrome can present for examination at times when objective signs related to reported symptoms have dissipated. Read More

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November 2020

On the Nature of Fear and Anxiety Triggered by COVID-19.

Front Psychol 2020 9;11:581314. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Institute of Psychology, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Emergencies that occur during natural disasters, such as avalanches, earthquakes, and floods, tend to be sudden, unexpected, and ephemeral and recruit defensive responses, similar to the ones recruited when faced with dangerous animals. Defensive behaviors are triggered by activity in survival circuits that detects imminent threats and fear is the conscious emotion of that follows immediately. But this particular threat (COVID-19) is useable and mysterious, triggering anxieties much more than fear. Read More

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November 2020

Psychological defence mechanisms during the COVID-19 pandemic: A case series.

Authors:
G Walker T McCabe

Eur J Psychiatry 2021 Jan-Mar;35(1):41-45. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background And Objectives: COVID-19 has had a negative effect on mental health across the world's population. Healthcare workers in particular have experienced increased levels of psychological distress, depression and anxiety. Any perceived stress to an individual can provoke psychological defence mechanisms. Read More

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November 2020

Krankheitsängste und Hypochondrische Störung.

Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2020 Nov 13;88(11):730-744. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Fears of getting a severe disease (health anxiety) are widespread and their pathological manifestation as Hypochondriacal disorder (ICD-10) is cost-intensive for the health care system. In recent years advances in the research on and development of effective psychotherapeutic treatments have been made. Cognitive-behavioral therapy concepts currently are treatments of choice for Hypochondriacal disorder. Read More

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November 2020

'The voice of the stomach': the mind, hypochondriasis and theories of dyspepsia in the nineteenth century.

Authors:
E Allen Driggers

Hist Psychiatry 2021 03 11;32(1):85-99. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Tennessee Technological University, USA.

Physicians and surgeons during the nineteenth century were eager to explore the causes of stomach and intestinal illnesses. Theories abounded that there was a sympathy between the mind and the body, especially in the case of the dyspepsia. The body was thought to have physical symptoms from the reactions of the mind, especially in the case of hypochondriasis. Read More

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Psychological profiles of irritable bowel syndrome patients with different phenotypes.

Intest Res 2020 Oct 26;18(4):459-468. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Gastroenterology, Avicenne Hospital, Bobigny, France.

Background/aims: Abnormal psychological profiles are frequently found in patients with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs). The present study aimed to evaluate the psychological profiles of FGID patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and IBS phenotypes.

Methods: In 608 FGID patients, including 235 with IBS, have filled a Rome III questionnaire and the French version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory 2. Read More

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October 2020