15,281 results match your criteria Hypnosis - Applications in Dermatology and Dermatologic Surgery

[Use of hypnosis in chronic pain : a setting in motion].

Rev Med Suisse 2021 Jun;17(744):1210-1213

Service de médecine interne générale, Département de médecine, HUG, 1211 Genève 14.

The biopsychosocial complexity of chronic pain requires a multimodal approach of which hypnosis is one. Its effectiveness is increasingly proven by studies using functional neuroimaging, as well as clinical studies in various etiologies of chronic pain. The goal of hypnosis is to restore the patient to an active role where, during the sessions, he will discover his creative capacities allowing him to temporarily modify or even significantly reduce painful sensations. Read More

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Beyond imagination: Hypnotic visual hallucination induces greater lateralised brain activity than visual mental imagery.

Neuroimage 2021 Jun 16:118282. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Vicerrectoría de Investigación y Posgrado, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile. Electronic address:

Hypnotic suggestions can produce a broad range of perceptual experiences, including hallucinations. Visual hypnotic hallucinations differ in many ways from regular mental images. For example, they are usually experienced as automatic, vivid, and real images, typically compromising the sense of reality. Read More

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Optical Stimulation of Thalamic Spindle Circuitry Sustains Electroencephalogram Patterns of General Anesthesia but not Duration of Loss of Consciousness.

Neuroscience 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A8, Canada. Electronic address:

Alterations in thalamic GABAergic signaling are implicated in mediating the rise in 12-30 Hz electroencephalogram (EEG) activity that signals anesthetic-induced loss-of-consciousness with GABA receptor-targeting general anesthetics. A number of modeling studies have identified that anesthetic-induced alterations in thalamocortico-corticothalamic signaling in the same network that generates sleep spindles would be sufficient to elicit this key EEG signature of anesthetic hypnosis with general anesthetic agents. Accordingly, we hypothesize that targeted stimulation of this thalamic GABAergic circuitry into a sleep-spindle mode of activity would promote the general anesthetic effects of etomidate. Read More

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Use of hypnosis in the field of dementia: A scoping review.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 6;96:104453. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

University of Lille, Laboratory SCALab, UMR CNRS 9193, Domaine Universitaire du Pont de Bois. BP 149. 59653 Villeneuve d'Ascq, France.

Background: Dementia has negative implications for the quality of life of person and lead to situations of distress. Hypnosis is effective in several health domains but its use in people with dementia is debated.

Objective: The aim was to scope the research activity on the use of hypnosis with persons with dementia to manage their distress, symptoms or daily life. Read More

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Dealing with Anxious Patients: A Systematic Review of the Literature on Nonpharmaceutical Interventions to Reduce Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Medical or Dental Procedures.

J Altern Complement Med 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Orthopedic Physical Therapy Program, Walk the Line Recovery Therapy, Southfield, MI, USA.

State (situational) anxiety can create suboptimal outcomes for patients across a variety of health care specializations. While anxiolytic medications reduce anxiety, problematic side effects can compromise outcomes. These challenges have spurred searches for nonpharmaceutical approaches to alleviate patient anxiety. Read More

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Dealing with Anxious Patients: An Integrative Review of the Literature on Nonpharmaceutical Interventions to Reduce Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Medical or Dental Procedures.

J Altern Complement Med 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Psychology and University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, MI, USA.

A previous systematic literature review (SLR) evaluated 501 experiments on reducing patient anxiety across medical and dental environments. This integrative review examines those interventions and explores possible mechanisms leading to relative success or failure within those environments, in the interest of interprofessional education and communication. Reviewers evaluated 501 experiments testing interventions for reducing patient anxiety in a variety of medical and dental health care settings. Read More

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Seeds Reduce Anxiety-Like Behavior, Lipids, and Overweight in Mice.

Molecules 2021 May 27;26(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Laboratorio de Neurofarmacología de Productos Naturales, Dirección de Investigaciones en Neurociencias, Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, 14370 Mexico City, Mexico.

Overweight, obesity, and psychiatric disorders are serious health problems. To evidence the anxiolytic-like effects and lipid reduction in mice receiving a high-calorie diet and seeds in a nonpolar extract (SBHX, 30 and 300 mg/kg), animals were assessed in open-field, hole-board, and elevated plus-maze tests. SBHX (3 and 10 mg/kg) potentiated the pentobarbital-induced hypnosis. Read More

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Does practising hypnosis-derived communication techniques by oncology nurses translate into reduced pain and distress in their patients? An exploratory study.

Br J Pain 2021 May 27;15(2):147-154. Epub 2020 Jun 27.

Department of Hematology-Oncology, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Objectives: To explore the effects of a hypnotic communication (HC) training for paediatric nurses in decreasing patients' pain and distress during venipunctures.

Methods: A 4-day theoretical and practical HC training was offered to five paediatric oncology nurses. The effects of HC were tested with 22 young cancer patients (13 girls, 9 boys, 10 ± 4 years) over four time points, with 88 encounters being video-recorded and coded in stable professional-patient dyads. Read More

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The Use of Self-Help Strategies in Obesity Treatment. A Narrative Review Focused on Hypnosis and Mindfulness.

Curr Obes Rep 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Torino, c.so AM Dogliotti 14, 10126, Torino, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: The aim of this narrative review was to summarize the evidence evaluating the possibilities and limitations of self-hypnosis and mindfulness strategies in the treatment of obesity.

Recent Findings: Psychological factors, such as mood disorders and stress, can affect eating behaviors and deeply influence weight gain. Psychological approaches to weight management could increase the motivation and self-control of the patients with obesity, limiting their impulsiveness and inappropriate use of food. Read More

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Effects of isoflurane and sevoflurane alone and in combination with butorphanol or medetomidine on the bispectral index in chickens.

BMC Vet Res 2021 May 28;17(1):201. Epub 2021 May 28.

Clinic for Zoo Animals, Exotic Pets and Wildlife, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, CH-8057, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: The bispectral index (BIS) is an anaesthesia monitoring technique able to assess the level of central nervous system depression in humans and various animal species. In birds, it has been validated in chickens undergoing isoflurane anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate in an avian species the influence of isoflurane and sevoflurane on BIS, each at different minimum anaesthetic concentrations (MAC) multiples, alone or combined with butorphanol or medetomidine. Read More

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The mediating effect of pain catastrophizing on pain intensity: The influence of the timing of assessments.

Eur J Pain 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Centre for Pain IMPACT, Neuroscience Research Australia, Sydney, Australia.

Background: Pain catastrophizing underpins several psychosocial theories of pain, but there is limited evidence to support the proposal that changes in pain catastrophizing cause changes in pain. Results from mediation analyses have conflicting results, and one reason for these might be the timing of the assessment of pain catastrophizing. This study aimed to test the effect of the timing of the assessment of pain catastrophizing on its mediating role on pain intensity. Read More

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Hypnosis Intervention for Sleep Disturbance: Determination of Optimal Dose and Method of Delivery for Postmenopausal Women.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2021 Jul-Sep;69(3):323-345. Epub 2021 May 28.

College of Education, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

Sleep disturbances are a pervasive problem among postmenopausal women, with an estimated 40 to 64% reporting poor sleep. Hypnosis is a promising intervention for sleep disturbances. This study examined optimal dose and delivery for a manualized hypnosis intervention to improve sleep. Read More

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Interest of a standardized hypnotic message for the reduction of pain and anxiety in cancer patients treated by capsaicin patch for neuropathic pain: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 May 27;21(1):154. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Supportive Care in Oncology, Institut de Cancérologie de Lorraine, Université de Lorraine, F-54519, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

Background: Neuropathic pain is characterized by spontaneous painful symptoms. Medical therapies include the use of a capsaicin 8% patch (Qutenza®, Grünenthal Gmbh, Germany), and patients may experience a sharp burning sensation at application and removal of the patch. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of playing a standardized hypnosis recording during application, on the pain and anxiety induced by capsaicin treatment. Read More

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Pain management in people with hemophilia in childhood and young adulthood.

Expert Rev Hematol 2021 Jun 14:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

: People with hemophilia (PWH) commonly experience acute and chronic musculoskeletal pain during childhood and young adulthood, but their treatment is often inadequate.: From 1 September 2020 to 15 April 2021, authors performed a literature search in PubMed and the Cochrane Library using 'hemophilia AND pain' as keywords. Authors found 1082 articles, 51 of which were chosen because we considered them to be intimately connected with the topic of this report. Read More

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Nonpharmacological interventions used in the perioperative period to prevent anxiety in adolescents: a scoping review.

JBI Evid Synth 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar of Porto University, Porto, Portugal Portugal Centre for Evidence Based Practice: A JBI Centre of Excellence, Coimbra, Portugal Pediatric Unit, Coimbra University and Hospital Centre, Coimbra, Portugal Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing (UICISA: E), Coimbra, Portugal Nursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal Sao Joao University and Hospital Centre, Porto, Portugal Nursing School of Porto, Porto, Portugal Maternity Services, Woman's Health Division, University College of London Hospitals, London, UK Faculty of Health Sciences, University Fernando Pessoa, Porto, Portugal CINTESIS - Center for Health Technology and Services Research, Porto, Portugal.

Objective: The objective of this scoping review was to examine and map the range of nonpharmacological interventions used in the perioperative period to prevent anxiety in adolescents.

Introduction: Undergoing surgery involves experiencing fears and uncertainties that lead to an increase in anxiety levels. The interventions used to prevent anxiety in the perioperative period in adolescents must be appropriate to their developmental stage. Read More

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Hypnosis and the Alleviation of Clinical Pain: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis.

Int J Clin Exp Hypn 2021 Jul-Sep;69(3):297-322. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Psychology, University of Hartford, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA.

This is the first comprehensive meta-analysis in approximately 20 years of all controlled studies of the use of hypnosis for relieving clinical pain. To be included, studies were required to utilize a between-subjects or mixed model design in which a hypnosis intervention was compared with a control condition in alleviating any form of clinical pain. Of 523 records screened, 42 studies incorporating 45 trials of hypnosis met the inclusion criteria. Read More

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Bispectral Index Alterations and Associations With Autonomic Changes During Hypnosis in Trauma Center Researchers: Formative Evaluation Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 May 26;5(5):e24044. Epub 2021 May 26.

St Elizabeth Youngstown Hospital, Youngstown, OH, United States.

Background: Previous work performed by our group demonstrated that intermittent reductions in bispectral index (BIS) values were found during neurofeedback following mindfulness instructions. Hypnosis was induced to enhance reductions in BIS values.

Objective: This study aims to assess physiologic relaxation and explore its associations with BIS values using autonomic monitoring. Read More

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Role of Hypnosis in Dental Treatment: A Narrative Review.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2021 Mar-Apr;11(2):115-124. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MAHE), Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Aim: This narrative aims to outline the use of hypnosis in managing dental anxiety in during dental treatment. The PICO used to answer the objectives are (P) dental patients, (I) hypnosis, (C) conventional behaviour management techniques & (O) reduced pain/anxiety.

Materials And Methods: An electronic search of three databases; PubMed, Scopus and EBSCOhost was conducted using the keywords "hypnosis or hypnotherapy" AND "dentistry or dental" between the year 2000 and 2020. Read More

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Inhaled anesthesia in neurosurgery: Still a role?

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2021 Jul 14;35(2):231-240. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, 'Sapienza' University of Rome, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

In patients undergoing craniotomy, general anesthesia should be addressed to warrant good hypnosis, immobility, and analgesia, to ensure systemic and cerebral physiological status and provide the best possible surgical field. Regarding craniotomies, it is unclear if there are substantial differences in providing general anesthesia using total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) or balanced anesthesia (BA) accomplished using the third generation halogenates. New evidence highlighted that the last generation of halogenated agents has possible advantages compared with intravenous drugs: rapid induction, minimal absorption and metabolization, reproducible pharmacokinetic, faster recovery, cardioprotective effect, and opioid spare analgesia. Read More

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Patient monitoring in the nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) setting: current advances in technology.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Tennessee, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Nonoperating room anesthesia (NORA) procedures continue to increase in type and complexity as procedural medicine makes technical advances. Patients presenting for NORA procedures are also older and sicker than ever. Commensurate with the requirements of procedural medicine, anesthetic monitoring must meet the American Society of Anesthesiologists standards for basic monitoring. Read More

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Influences of hypnotic suggestibility, contextual factors, and EEG alpha on placebo analgesia.

Am J Clin Hypn 2021 Apr;63(4):302-328

La Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

We tested the role of hypnotic suggestibility, involuntariness, pain expectation, and subjective hypnotic depth in the prediction of placebo analgesia (PA) responsiveness. We also tested the link of lower and upper alpha sub-band (i.e. Read More

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The neurochemistry of hypnotic suggestion.

Am J Clin Hypn 2021 Apr;63(4):355-371

Goldsmiths, University of London, London, UK.

A diverse array of studies has been devoted to understanding the neurochemical systems supporting responsiveness to hypnotic suggestions, with implications for experimental and clinical applications of hypnosis. However, this body of research has only rarely been integrated and critically evaluated and the prospects for the reliable pharmacological manipulation of hypnotic suggestibility remain poorly understood. Here we draw on pharmacological, genotyping, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological research to synthesize current knowledge regarding the potential role of multiple widely-studied neurochemicals in response to suggestion. Read More

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Towards a multi-brain framework for hypnosis: a review of quantitative methods.

Am J Clin Hypn 2021 Apr;63(4):389-403

Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary.

Most real-world applications of hypnosis involve a pair of actors: a hypnotist and a subject. Accordingly, most current models of hypnosis acknowledge the relevance of social factors in the development of the hypnotic response. Yet, psychophysiological research on hypnosis has been mostly restricted to techniques that are studying one individual, neglecting the complexity of hypnosis as a social phenomenon. Read More

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Neurophysiology and neuropsychology of hypnosis.

Am J Clin Hypn 2021 Apr;63(4):291-293

University of Milano, Milano, Italy,

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Spinal and supraspinal modulation of pain responses by hypnosis, suggestions, and distraction.

Am J Clin Hypn 2021 Apr;63(4):329-354

Université de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

The mechanisms underlying pain modulation by hypnosis and the contribution of hypnotic induction to the efficacy of suggestions being still under debate, our study aimed, (1) to assess the effects of identical hypoalgesia suggestions given with and without hypnotic induction, (2) to compare hypnotic hypoalgesia to distraction hypoalgesia and (3) to evaluate whether hypnotic suggestions of increased and decreased pain share common psychophysiological mechanisms. To this end, pain ratings, nociceptive flexion reflex amplitude, autonomic responses and electroencephalographic activity were measured in response to noxious electrical stimulation of the sural nerve in 20 healthy participants, who were subjected to four conditions: suggestions of hypoalgesia delivered with and without hypnosis induction (i.e. Read More

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Current neuroscientific research database findings of brain activity changes after hypnosis.

Am J Clin Hypn 2021 Apr;63(4):372-388

School of Dental Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Using multi-modal brain imaging techniques we found pronounced changes in neuronal activity after hypnotic trance induction whereby state changes seem to occur synchronously with the specific induction instructions. In clinical patients, hypnosis proved to be a powerful method in inhibiting the reaction of the fear circuitry structures. The aim of the present paper is to critically discuss the limitations of the current neuroscientific research database in the light of a debate in defining relevant hypnotic constructs and to suggest ideas for future research projects. Read More

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No evidence for theta power as a marker of hypnotic state in highly hypnotizable subjects.

Heliyon 2021 Apr 29;7(4):e06871. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Psychology and Logopedics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, Finland.

EEG spectral-power density was analyzed in a group of nine highly hypnotizable subjects via ten frontal, central, parietal, and occipital electrodes under four conditions: 1) wake state, 2) neutral hypnosis, 3) hypnotic suggestion for altering perception of tones, and 4) post-hypnosis. Results indicate no theta-power changes between conditions, challenging previous findings that increased theta power is a marker of hypnosis. A decrease in gamma power under hypnotic suggestion and an almost significant decrease under neutral hypnosis were observed, compared to post-hypnosis. Read More

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Loss of spectral alpha power during spine surgery: what could be wrong?

J Clin Monit Comput 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Anesthesiology, Clinica Mérida, Mérida - Yucatan, México.

The electroencephalographic signatures of anesthetic drugs relate to a specific set of action mechanisms within the neural circuits. During intraoperative care, the recognition and correct interpretation of the EEG spectrogram can be used as a tool to guide anesthetic administration. For example, loss of alpha power during propofol anesthesia may be a sign of lighter level of hypnosis and/or of an increase in nociceptive inputs. Read More

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