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    14322 results match your criteria Hypertriglyceridemia

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    Is the Occlusion Site of the Lenticulostriate Artery Identified on Admission Related to Clinical Prognosis in Patients with Lacunar Stroke?
    J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2018 Apr 17. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.
    Background: The mechanism of lacunar stroke (LS) is rather speculative due to the lack of neuropathological evidence in clinical practice. To explore the significance of the occlusion site of the lenticulostriate artery (LSA) to this mechanism, we investigated the characteristics and prognosis of patients with LS with proximal occlusions.

    Materials And Methods: We studied 202 patients with acute LS in the region of the LSA. Read More

    Association between hypertension and metabolic disorders among elderly patients in North Jordan.
    Diabetes Metab Syndr 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Division of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomics, Department of Biomedicine and prevention, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy.
    Background: Hypertension (HTN), dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease, accounting for the highest morbidity and mortality among the elderly Jordanian population. This study aimed to evaluate serum lipid and glucose profiles of hypertensive patients and normotensive controls, and determine the risk factors for HTN among elderly population in Jordan.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 200 participants, including 111 hypertensive patients and 89 normotensive controls from June to October 2017 in North Jordan. Read More

    Age and gender-specific distribution of metabolic syndrome components in East China: role of hypertriglyceridemia in the SPECT-China study.
    Lipids Health Dis 2018 Apr 20;17(1):92. Epub 2018 Apr 20.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200011, China.
    Background: Chinese population are experiencing remarkably changes of economic and cultural environments. The present study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) by age between genders and to investigate the current characteristics of MetS and its components in China.

    Methods: SPECT-China is a population-based cross-sectional survey on Chinese adults aged ≥18 years in East China. Read More

    Xanthogranulomatosis of the spleen: a case report.
    Surg Case Rep 2018 Apr 19;4(1):36. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    Department of Anatomic Pathology, Kameda Medical Center, Kamogawa, Chiba, Japan.
    Background: Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is recognized as a subtype of cholecystitis; however, it can also occur in other organs. Xanthogranulomatosis of the kidney, bone, ovary, endometrium, vagina, prostate, lymph nodes and pancreas was reported. Herein, we report a case of laparoscopic splenectomy in a patient with xanthogranulomatosis of the spleen that was difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Read More

    Serum Levels of Interleukin-13 Increase in Subjects with Insulin Resistance but Do Not Correlate with Markers of Low-Grade Systemic Inflammation.
    J Diabetes Res 2018 21;2018:7209872. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Unit of Experimental Medicine, School of Medicine, National University of Mexico, General Hospital of Mexico "Dr. Eduardo Liceaga", 06726 Mexico City, Mexico.
    Experimental evidence in mice suggests a role for interleukin- (IL-) 13 in insulin resistance and low-grade systemic inflammation. However, IL-13 serum levels have not been assessed in subjects with insulin resistance, and associations of IL-13 with parameters of low-grade systemic inflammation are still unknown. Our main goal was to examine the systemic levels of IL-13 in patients with insulin resistance, while also studying the relationship of IL-13 with anthropometric, metabolic, and low-grade systemic inflammatory markers. Read More

    A microRNA expression signature of the postprandial state in response to a high-saturated-fat challenge.
    J Nutr Biochem 2018 Mar 18;57:45-55. Epub 2018 Mar 18.
    Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, Instituto de la Grasa, CSIC, Seville, Spain. Electronic address:
    The postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is an important and largely silent disturbance involved in the genesis of numerous pathological conditions. Exaggerated and prolonged states of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia are frequently related to the ingestion of meals enriched in saturated fatty acids (SFAs). MicroRNAs are noncoding RNAs that function as gene regulators and play significant roles in both health and disease. Read More

    Severe dyslipidemia and concomitant risk factors in the middle-aged Lithuanian adults: a cross-sectional cohort study.
    Lipids Health Dis 2018 Apr 19;17(1):88. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania.
    Background: Dyslipidemia is highly prevalent and is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease in Lithuania. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of severe dyslipidemia in Lithuanian middle aged primary prevention population and to investigate cardiovascular risk profile.

    Methods: The group of 83,376 people were examined in the Lithuanian High Cardiovascular Risk primary prevention program (LitHiR), during 2009-2015 years. Read More

    Malnutrition and lipid abnormalities in antiretroviral naïve HIV-infected adults in Addis Ababa: A cross-sectional study.
    PLoS One 2018 19;13(4):e0195942. Epub 2018 Apr 19.
    Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology Department, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
    Background: Both under- and over-nutrition may occur among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals and impact on the course of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and its management due to the close interaction between immunity and nutrition. We investigated occurrence of undernutrition, excess weight and lipid abnormalities among antiretroviral naïve HIV-infected adults in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study on 594 antiretroviral therapy (ART) naïve HIV-infected adults was conducted in four hospitals in Addis Ababa from February to September 2013. Read More

    ANCA Vasculitis and Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis following a Fecal Microbiota Transplant.
    Case Rep Rheumatol 2018 18;2018:9263537. Epub 2018 Feb 18.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada.
    A 69-year-old female with antisynthetase syndrome, a history of multiple recurrent infections, and documented previous negative titres for anti-neutrophil cystoplasmic antibody (ANCA) suddenly developed a de novo MPO-ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis three weeks after a fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) for recurrent infections. Six months following her FMT and less than two weeks following treatment for urosepsis, she developed severe cholestasis, a markedly elevated ferritin and hypertriglyceridemia. An initial liver biopsy was suggestive of drug-induced liver injury and thus she was treated with supportive care. Read More

    Phase I trial of histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat in addition to glucocorticoids for primary therapy of acute graft-versus-host disease.
    Bone Marrow Transplant 2018 Apr 18. Epub 2018 Apr 18.
    Blood & Marrow Transplant & Cellular Immunotherapy, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, Tampa, FL, USA.
    Glucocorticoids for primary therapy of acute GVHD have limited responses. A phase I/II trial tested 4 weeks of deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat started within 48 h of glucocorticoids (1 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent) as primary treatment for patients with either classic acute GVHD (n = 16) or acute GVHD overlapping with chronic (n = 6). Four patients received 2. Read More

    Atazanavir/ritonavir with lamivudine as maintenance therapy in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients: 96 week outcomes of a randomized trial.
    J Antimicrob Chemother 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Infectious Diseases Unit, Siena University Hospital and Department of Medical Biotechnologies, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
    Objectives: To investigate the long-term safety and efficacy of a treatment switch to dual ART with atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine versus continuing a standard regimen with atazanavir/ritonavir + 2NRTI in virologically suppressed patients.

    Methods: ATLAS-M is a 96 week open-label, randomized, non-inferiority (margin -12%) trial enrolling HIV-infected adults on atazanavir/ritonavir + 2NRTI, with stable HIV-RNA <50 copies/mL and CD4 counts >200 cells/mm3. At baseline, patients were randomized 1:1 to switch to atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine or to continue the previous regimen. Read More

    Randomized Phase II Trial of Fulvestrant Plus Everolimus or Placebo in Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor-Positive, Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer Resistant to Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy: Results of PrE0102.
    J Clin Oncol 2018 Apr 17:JCO2017769331. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Noah Kornblum, Della F. Makower, and Joseph A. Sparano, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx; Paula Klein, Mount Sinai Beth Israel Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY; Fengmin Zhao and Judith Manola, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA; Bhuvaneswari Ramaswamy, The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH; Adam Brufsky, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh; Cristina I. Truica, Penn State Cancer Institute, Hershey; Lori J. Goldstein, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA; Phillip J. Stella, Saint Joseph Mercy (Michigan Cancer Consortium), Ann Arbor, MI; Brian Burnette, Saint Vincent Hospital, Green Bay; Timothy R. Wassenaar, Pro Health Care, Waukesha, WI; Melinda Telli, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA; Puneet Cheema, Metro-Minnesota Community Oncology Research Consortium, Saint Louis Park, MN; Antonio C. Wolff, Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD; Gamini S. Soori, Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium, Omaha, NE; Barbara Haley, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; and Kathy D. Miller, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN.
    Purpose The mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus targets aberrant signaling through the PI3K/AKT/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway, a mechanism of resistance to anti-estrogen therapy in estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. We hypothesized that everolimus plus the selective ER downregulator fulvestrant would be more efficacious than fulvestrant alone in ER-positive metastatic breast cancer resistant to aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy. Patients and Methods This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase II study included 131 postmenopausal women with ER-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative, AI-resistant metastatic breast cancer randomly assigned to fulvestrant (500 mg days 1 and 15 of cycle 1, then day 1 of cycles 2 and beyond) plus everolimus or placebo. Read More

    Frequency of common polymorphisms in ( ) gene in adults with high serum triglycerides from Colombian Caribbean Coast.
    Colomb Med (Cali) 2017 Dec 30;48(4):167-173. Epub 2017 Dec 30.
    Grupo de Investigación UNIMOL . Departamento de Farmacia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Bogotá, Colombia.
    Background: Caveolin 1 gene () has been associated with insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and hypertension in humans. Also, it has been related to high serum triglycerides in rodents, however there is little evidence of this relation in humans.

    Aim: To describe frequencies of common variations in in adults with high serum triglycerides. Read More

    Clinically Actionable Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertriglyceridemia in Children with Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.
    J Pediatr 2018 Apr 13. Epub 2018 Apr 13.
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, University of California San Diego School of Medicine, La Jolla, CA; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA. Electronic address:
    Objective: To determine the percentage of children with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in whom intervention for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides was indicated based on National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines.

    Study Design: This multicenter, longitudinal cohort study included children with NAFLD enrolled in the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Clinical Research Network. Fasting lipid profiles were obtained at diagnosis. Read More

    Frequency of Thyroid Dysfunction in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus Before and After Liver Transplantation.
    Transplant Proc 2018 Apr;50(3):788-791
    Surgery Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Background: There is mutual influence between the liver and thyroid hormone metabolism. Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) also have an increased prevalence of thyroid disorders (TDs). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the frequency of TD before and after liver transplantation (LT) in a population of patients with DM as a whole and when categorized by sex. Read More

    Clinical Profile of Patients With Diabetes Mellitus and Liver Transplantation: Results After a Multidisciplinary Team Intervention.
    Transplant Proc 2018 Apr;50(3):784-787
    Surgery Department, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Campinas, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil.
    Background: Over the years, survival after liver transplantation has increased and metabolic complications are becoming more common, contributing to patients' morbidity and mortality. The objectives of this study were to describe a population of patients with hepatic transplantation and diabetes mellitus (DM), evaluate the frequency of metabolic complications, and assess the impact of a multidisciplinary team on DM management.

    Materials And Methods: This was a retrospective study involving interview and medical record analysis of 46 consecutive patients followed at the diabetes mellitus and liver transplantation unit of a tertiary university hospital, all evaluated by a multidisciplinary team. Read More

    Liver metabolism in adult male mice offspring: consequences of a maternal, paternal or both maternal and paternal high-fructose diet.
    J Dev Orig Health Dis 2018 Apr 17:1-10. Epub 2018 Apr 17.
    Laboratory of Morphometry, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases,Biomedical Center,Institute of Biology,University of the State of Rio de Janeiro,Rio de Janeiro,Brazil.
    The study aimed to evaluate the consequences of the consumption of a high-fructose diet (HFR; fructose was responsible for 45% of the energy from carbohydrates) by the mother, the father, or both on C57BL/6 adult male offspring. Non-consanguineous parents received the diet (HFR or control, C) from 8 weeks before mating until weaning (n=10 fathers and n=10 mothers on each diet). After weaning, only the C diet was offered to offspring. Read More

    HHIPL-1 (rs2895811) gene polymorphism is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and cardiometabolic parameters in Mexicans patients with myocardial infarction.
    Gene 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    Department of Molecular Biology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City 14080, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Several studies have reported the role of hedgehog interacting protein-like 1 (HHIPL-1) in different pathologies, including cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to analyze the association of HHIPL-1 (rs2895811) polymorphism with myocardial infarction (MI), cardiometabolic parameters, and traditional cardiovascular risk factors in the Mexican population. The polymorphism was genotyped using a TaqMan assay in 1023 patients with MI and 1105 controls. Read More

    Association between alexithymia and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases in the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort.
    Psychosom Med 2018 Apr 11. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Equipe de Recherche en Epidémiologie Nutritionnelle (EREN), Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Statistiques Sorbonne Paris Cité, Inserm (U1153), Inra (U1125), Cnam, COMUE Sorbonne Paris Cité, SMBH Université Paris 13, Bobigny, France.
    Objective: Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association between alexithymia and cardiovascular events in middle-aged participants without cardiovascular history at baseline.

    Methods: The 26-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-26) was completed by 5,586 participants of the French Supplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU. Read More

    Long-term effectiveness and safety of metreleptin in the treatment of patients with generalized lipodystrophy.
    Endocrine 2018 Apr 12. Epub 2018 Apr 12.
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.
    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to summarize the effectiveness and safety of metreleptin in patients with congenital or acquired generalized lipodystrophy.

    Methods: Patients (n = 66) aged ≥6 months had lipodystrophy, low circulating leptin, and ≥1 metabolic abnormality (diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, or hypertriglyceridemia). Metreleptin dose (once or twice daily) was titrated to a mean dose of 0. Read More

    Metabolic syndrome and its components with neuron-specific enolase: a cross-sectional study in large health check-up population in China.
    BMJ Open 2018 Apr 10;8(4):e020899. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
    School of Laboratory Medicine, Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui Province, China.
    Objective: This study was aimed at investigating the relationship between neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and components of metabolic syndrome (MS).

    Design: Cross-sectional study.

    Setting: Chinese health check-up population. Read More

    Association of maternal serum lipids at late gestation with the risk of neonatal macrosomia in women without diabetes mellitus.
    Lipids Health Dis 2018 Apr 11;17(1):78. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shandong Academy of Clinical Medicine, 544, Jing 4 Rd, Jinan, Shandong, 250021, China.
    Background: Macrosomia is a serious public health problem worldwide due to its increasing prevalence and adverse influences on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Maternal dyslipidemia exerts potential and adverse impacts on pregnant women and newborns. However, the association between maternal serum lipids and the risk of macrosomia has not yet been clearly elucidated. Read More

    Bexarotene inhibits the viability of non-small cell lung cancer cells via slc10a2/PPARγ/PTEN/mTOR signaling pathway.
    BMC Cancer 2018 Apr 11;18(1):407. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
    Lung Tumor Clinical Medical Center, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200030, China.
    Background: Thirty to 40 % of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients developed higher hypertriglyceridemia in the process of treatment with bexarotene. And bioinformatics studies discovered that the expression of slc10a2 was increased in high-grade hypertriglyceridemia patients. So, we will explore the mechanism which may involve in this process. Read More

    Gene Therapy in Lipoprotein Lipase Deficiency: Case Report on the First Patient Treated with Alipogene Tiparvovec Under Daily Practice Conditions.
    Hum Gene Ther 2018 Apr;29(4):520-527
    1 Lipid Clinic at the Interdisciplinary Metabolism Center, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin , Berlin, Germany.
    One-year results are reported of the first lipoprotein lipase deficiency (LPLD) patient treated with alipogene tiparvovec, which is indicated for the treatment of patients with genetically confirmed LPLD suffering from acute and recurrent pancreatitis attacks (PAs) despite dietary restrictions and expressing >5% of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mass compared to a healthy control. During clinical development, alipogene tiparvovec has shown improvement of chylomicron metabolism and reduction of pancreatitis incidence up to 5.8 years post treatment. Read More

    Adipokine Profiling in Adult Women With Central Obesity and Hypertension.
    Front Physiol 2018 27;9:294. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    School of Public Health, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.
    Central obesity and hypertension are common risk factors for the metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular and renal diseases. Studies have shown that it is more difficult to control blood pressure and prevent end-organ damage in obese individuals with hypertension compared to their non-obese counterparts, especially among women. Obese females have a 6 times higher risk of developing hypertension than non-obese females while obese males are at a 1. Read More

    Cutaneous complication of perinatal hypoxia.
    Dermatol Online J 2018 Mar 15;24(3). Epub 2018 Mar 15.
    Dermatology Department, Hospital de Santarém EPE, Santarém, Portugal.
    Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn is an uncommon, transient, and self-healing panniculitis, mostly affecting term newborns with perinatal complications. The authors present a case of a female full-term neonate, born from an uncomplicated pregnancy, admitted into the neonatology unit 5 hours after delivery because of refractory multifocal seizures in the context of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Nine days after birth, indurated and erythematous nodules and plaques were noted on the left arm and back. Read More

    Cell-specific discrimination of desmosterol and desmosterol mimetics confers selective regulation of LXR and SREBP in macrophages.
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2018 Apr 9. Epub 2018 Apr 9.
    Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093;
    Activation of liver X receptors (LXRs) with synthetic agonists promotes reverse cholesterol transport and protects against atherosclerosis in mouse models. Most synthetic LXR agonists also cause marked hypertriglyceridemia by inducing the expression of sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)1c and downstream genes that drive fatty acid biosynthesis. Recent studies demonstrated that desmosterol, an intermediate in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway that suppresses SREBP processing by binding to SCAP, also binds and activates LXRs and is the most abundant LXR ligand in macrophage foam cells. Read More

    Assessment of the Pro12Ala Polymorphism in the PPAR-γ2 Gene among Type 2 Diabetes Patients in a Nigerian Population.
    J Clin Med 2018 Apr 5;7(4). Epub 2018 Apr 5.
    Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Science, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki P.M.B 53, Nigeria.
    The association between the Pro12Ala polymorphism of the gene, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and obesity in certain ethnic populations has been reported. However, this relationship has not yet been described among diabetes patients in Nigeria. This study investigated the relationship between the Pro12Ala polymorphism in the gene, obesity, and lipid abnormalities characterizing T2D among patients in Nigeria. Read More

    Fenofibrate monotherapy-induced rhabdomyolysis in a patient with hypothyroidism: A rare case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2018 Apr;97(14):e0318
    Department of Endocrinology, Benxi Central Hospital, Liaoning, People's Republic of China.
    Rationale: Fenofibrate is a fibric acid derivative indicated for use in hypertriglyceridemia and mixed dyslipidemia treatment among adults. Rhabdomyolysis is a syndrome characterized by muscle necrosis and the release of intracellular muscle contents into the systemic circulation, which is the most serious and fatal side effect of fenofibrate. The objective of this paper is to discuss fatal side effect of fenofibrate and keep safe medication. Read More

    Maternal Nicotine Exposure (MNE) leads to augmented expression of the anti-oxidant adipose tissue triglyceride lipase (ATGL) long-term in the white adipose of female rat offspring.
    Toxicol Sci 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada N6A 5C1.
    Globally, approximately 10-25% of women smoke during pregnancy. Since nicotine is highly addictive, women may use nicotine containing products like nicotine replacement therapies for smoking cessation, but the long-term consequences of early life exposure to nicotine remain poorly defined. Our laboratory has previously demonstrated that maternal nicotine exposed (MNE) rat offspring exhibit hypertriglyceridemia due to increased hepatic de novo lipogenesis. Read More

    [Hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype: associated factors and comparison with other cardiovascular and metabolic risk indicators in the ELSA-Brasil study].
    Cad Saude Publica 2018 Mar 29;34(4):e00067617. Epub 2018 Mar 29.
    Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Salvador, Brasil.
    This study's objectives were to estimate the prevalence of hypertriglyceridemic waist (HTW) phenotype in participants in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), identify associated risk factors, and compare with other cardiovascular and metabolic risk indicators. This was a cross-sectional study with baseline data from a cohort of public employees. HTW is defined as the simultaneous presence of increased waist circumference (WC) (≥ 80cm for women, ≥ 90cm for men according to the International Diabetes Federation - IDF; and ≥ 88cm for women, ≥ 102cm for men according to the U. Read More

    Triglycerides and total cholesterol concentrations in association with IFG/IGT in Chinese adults in Qingdao, China.
    BMC Public Health 2018 Apr 3;18(1):444. Epub 2018 Apr 3.
    College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.
    Background: To investigative the association of triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations with impaired fasting glucose/ impaired glucose tolerance (IFG/IGT) in Chinese adults.

    Methods: The population-based cross-sectional diabetes survey was conducted in 2006 and 2009 in Qingdao, separately. 4400 participants (1 793 men and 2607 women) were include in current analysis. Read More

    Potential association of LMNA-associated generalized lipodystrophy with juvenile dermatomyositis.
    Clin Diabetes Endocrinol 2018 27;4. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    2Metabolism Endocrinology and Diabetes Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan and Brehm Center for Diabetes, 1000 Wall Street, Room 5313, Ann Arbor, MI MI48105 USA.
    Background: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is an auto-immune muscle disease which presents with skin manifestations and muscle weakness. At least 10% of the patients with JDM present with acquired lipodystrophy. Laminopathies are caused by mutations in the lamin genes and cover a wide spectrum of diseases including muscular dystrophies and lipodystrophy. Read More

    Evolution of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Therapy and Current and Future Role in the Management of Dyslipidemia.
    Cardiol Clin 2018 May 21;36(2):277-285. Epub 2018 Feb 21.
    Section of Cardiology, The University of Chicago Medicine, 5841 South Maryland Avenue, MC 6080, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. Electronic address:
    Omega-3 fatty acids have shown modest benefit in certain subgroups at higher cardiovascular risk. Ongoing trials are investigating cardiovascular event rate reduction with newer, more efficacious formulations with a focus on these higher risk patients. This article focuses on the previously demonstrated benefits of omega-3 fatty acid therapies, currently available formulations, and their current and future role in reducing cardiovascular risk. Read More

    and polymorphisms in connective tissue diseases and lipid disorders.
    Clin Interv Aging 2018 22;13:463-472. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Rheumatology and Internal Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.
    Background: The aim of the research genetic study was to investigate the association between variants (C1431T and Pro12Ala) of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor () gene, Trp64Arg polymorphism of the beta-3-adrenergic receptor gene and lipid profile in Polish population including group of 103 patients with connective tissue disease (CTD) and 103 sex-and age-matched controls in context of statin use.

    Methods: Anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured by routine methods, followed by genotyping (TagMan Genotyping Assays, PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis). Nearly 30% of CTD patients used statins and 10% of the control group. Read More

    Protein engineering: Regulatory perspectives of stearoyl CoA desaturase.
    Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Mar 30;114:692-699. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Tecnologico de Monterrey, School of Engineering and Sciences, Campus Monterrey, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey, N.L. CP 64849, Mexico. Electronic address:
    Stearoyl Co A desaturase (SCD) is a rate-limiting lipogenic enzyme that plays an integral role in catalyzing the synthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids, chiefly oleate and palmitoleate. Both contribute a major part of the biological membrane. Numerous SCD isoforms exist in mouse and humans, i. Read More

    Effects of a novel selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α modulator, pemafibrate (K-877), on hepatic and peripheral glucose uptake in patients with hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance.
    J Diabetes Investig 2018 Mar 30. Epub 2018 Mar 30.
    Department of Metabolic Medicine, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.
    Aims/introduction: Pemafibrate (K-877) is a novel selective peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α modulator (SPPARMα) with potent triglyceride (TG)-lowering and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol-raising effects. We showed that pemafibrate decreased the homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in patients with dyslipidemia. To investigate how pemafibrate improves insulin sensitivity, we used a hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp technique to determine the splanchnic and peripheral glucose uptake in patients with hypertriglyceridemia and insulin resistance. Read More

    Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate-Rich Green Tea Extract Ameliorates Fatty Liver and Weight Gain in Mice Fed a High Fat Diet by Activating the Sirtuin 1 and AMP Activating Protein Kinase Pathway.
    Am J Chin Med 2018 Mar 29:1-16. Epub 2018 Mar 29.
    * Department of Biochemistry, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 54896, South Korea.
    The prevalence of metabolic diseases has risen globally in parallel with the obesity epidemic over the past few decades. Green tea has been reported to have metabolically beneficial effects on obesity; however, the mechanism by which green tea regulates lipid metabolism is not clearly understood. Male c57BL/6 mice were fed a normal chow diet, a high-fat diet (HFD), or an HFD supplemented with various doses of epigallocatechin gallate-rich green tea extract (GTE) for 12 weeks. Read More

    The association between high-density lipoproteins and estimated glomerular filtration rate in patients without severe kidney disease.
    Int Urol Nephrol 2018 Mar 28. Epub 2018 Mar 28.
    Clinic for Internal Medicine, University Hospital Split, Spinciceva 1, 21 000, Split, Croatia.
    Purpose: Several studies investigated the association between the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the concentration of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in patients without severely damaged kidney function. As results of those studies were inconclusive and contradictory, we wanted to investigate this association in multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk patients without severe kidney disease or renal failure.

    Methods: We enrolled a cohort of 187 patients with intermediate and high CVD risk without severe renal disease. Read More

    Assessing the outcomes of everolimus on renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex in China: a two years trial.
    Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 Mar 27;13(1):43. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    Department of Urology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 1 Shuaifuyuan Road, Beijing, 100730, China.
    Background: Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare autosomal dominant genetic disorder characterized by the development of numerous benign tumors. Renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) occur in up to 80% of TSC patients, which is a leading cause of TSC-related death in adult patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety profiles of everolimus in Chinese patients of TSC associated with RAML(TSC-RAML). Read More

    Lipid Effects of Icosapent Ethyl in Women with Diabetes Mellitus and Persistent High Triglycerides on Statin Treatment: ANCHOR Trial Subanalysis.
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2018 Mar 27. Epub 2018 Mar 27.
    6 Department of Medicine, Columbia University Medical Center , New York, New York.
    Background: High triglycerides (TG) and diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) are stronger predictors of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in women than in men, but few randomized, controlled clinical trials have investigated lipid-lowering interventions in women and none have reported results specifically in women with high TG and DM2. Icosapent ethyl (Vascepa) is pure prescription eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) ethyl ester approved at 4 g/day as an adjunct to diet to reduce TG ≥500 mg/dL.

    Methods: The 12-week ANCHOR trial randomized 702 statin-treated patients (73% with DM; 39% women) at increased CVD risk with TG 200-499 mg/dL despite controlled low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C; 40-99 mg/dL) to receive icosapent ethyl 2 g/day, 4 g/day, or placebo. Read More

    Metabolic syndrome components: Is there a difference according to exposure to night work?
    Chronobiol Int 2018 Mar 26:1-10. Epub 2018 Mar 26.
    a Epidemiology , Public Health Graduate Program - Catholic University of Santos , Santos , Brazil.
    The aim of this study was to compare metabolic aspects potentially associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS), in addition to serum leptin levels and sleep, according to exposure to night work among nursing staff. A cross-sectional study involving 60 nursing staff was conducted. Sociodemographic, sleep (Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire), physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), and nutrition data (16-Food Intake Questionnaire) were collected. Read More

    Single, short in-del, and copy number variations detection in monogenic dyslipidemia using an NGS strategy.
    Clin Genet 2018 Mar 23. Epub 2018 Mar 23.
    Service de Biochimie et Biologie moléculaire Grand Est, GHE, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Bron Cedex, France.
    Optimal molecular diagnosis of primary dyslipidemia is challenging to confirm the diagnosis, test and identify at risk relatives. The aim of this study was to test the application of a single targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel for hypercholesterolemia, hypocholesterolemia, and hypertriglyceridemia molecular diagnosis. NGS workflow based on a custom AmpliSeq panel was designed for sequencing the most prevalent dyslipidemia causing genes (ANGPTL3, APOA5, APOC2, APOB, GPIHBP1, LDLR, LMF1, LPL, PCSK9) on the Ion PGM™ Sequencer. Read More

    Prevalence of Suspected Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease In Lean Adolescents In The United States.
    J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2018 Mar 21. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
    Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
    Objectives: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) can develop in lean subjects referred to as lean NAFLD. We aim to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of NAFLD in lean adolescents in the United States (US).

    Methods: Cross sectional data from 1482 lean subjects (body mass index < 85 percentile) aged between 12 and 18 years, who were enrolled in the National Health and Examination Survey during the 2005-2014 cycles were included. Read More

    Xanthomatous Cells in Cutaneous Graft-Versus-Host Disease Biopsies: A Clue for the Diagnosis of Hepatic Graft-Versus-Host Disease.
    Am J Dermatopathol 2018 Mar 21. Epub 2018 Mar 21.
    Pathology, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.
    Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is one of the most common and serious complications of hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation that mainly affects the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and liver. Hepatic GVHD is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and its diagnosis can be especially challenging because of nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms. It must be suspected in patients with elevated liver enzymes and cholestasis, especially in those with a history of preceding skin rash and diarrhea. Read More

    Molecular association model of PPARα and its new specific and efficient ligand, pemafibrate: Structural basis for SPPARMα.
    Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2018 May 22;499(2):239-245. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Internal Medicine (Endocrinology and Metabolism), Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan; AMED-CREST, Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, Chiyoda, Tokyo 100-0004, Japan; International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (WPI-IIIS), University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8575, Japan; Life Science Center, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8577, Japan. Electronic address:
    Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α (PPARα) is a ligand-activated transcription factor involved in the regulation of lipid homeostasis and improves hypertriglyceridemia. Pemafibrate is a novel selective PPARα modulator (SPPARMα) that activates PPARα transcriptional activity. Here, we computationally constructed the structure of the human PPARα in a complex with pemafibrate, along with that of hPPARα complexed with the classical fenofibrate, and studied their interactions quantitatively by using the first-principles calculations-based fragment molecular orbital (FMO) method. Read More

    Trends in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in South Korea: Findings from the Korean National Health Insurance Service Database (2009-2013).
    PLoS One 2018 22;13(3):e0194490. Epub 2018 Mar 22.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Background: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome has markedly increased worldwide. However, studies in the United States show that it has remained stable or slightly declined in recent years. Whether this applies to other countries is presently unclear. Read More

    Egg consumption and dyslipidemia in a Mediterranean cohort.
    Nutr Hosp 2018 Jan 12;35(1):153-161. Epub 2018 Jan 12.
    .
    Introduction And Objectives: Our aim was to prospectively evaluate the association between egg consumption and dyslipidemia in a Mediterranean cohort.

    Methods: We followed-up 13,104 Spanish university graduates for a mean period of 8 years. Dietary habits at baseline were assessed using a validated semi-quantitative 136-item food-frequency questionnaire. Read More

    Dyslipidemia and Associated Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Young Nepalese University Students.
    Cureus 2018 Jan 20;10(1):e2089. Epub 2018 Jan 20.
    Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine.
    Introduction Cardiovascular diseases are one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, atherosclerosis being the principal underlying cause of cardiovascular diseases. Early detection of dyslipidemia and long-term prevention of atherosclerosis by controlling risk factors should begin in young age. The purpose of this study was to assess dyslipidemia and associated cardiovascular risk factors among university students of Nepal. Read More

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