295 results match your criteria Hyperthyroidism Thyroid Storm and Graves Disease


ENDOCRINOLOGY IN THE TIME OF COVID-19: Management of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.

Eur J Endocrinol 2020 Jul;183(1):G33-G39

Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

This manuscript provides guidance on the management of thyroid dysfunction during the COVID-19 pandemic. Autoimmune thyroid diseases are not linked to increased risks of COVID-19. Uncontrolled thyrotoxicosis may result in more severe complications from SARS-CoV-2 infection, including thyroid storm. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EJE-20-0445DOI Listing

Strangulation-Induced Thyrotoxicosis in a Patient with Undiagnosed Underlying Graves' Disease.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2020 19;2020:7986581. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Reading Hospital, Wyomissing, USA.

Thyrotoxicosis is a constellation of symptoms including palpitations, tremors, agitation, and heat intolerance, caused by excess thyroid hormone. It can be life-threatening in its most serious form. We present a rare case of thyrotoxicosis provoked by mechanical trauma to the neck via strangulation in a young female with a history of self-resolving postpartum symptoms of hyperthyroidism one year prior, but no formal diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/7986581DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7106904PMC

Hyperthyroidism.

Gland Surg 2020 Feb;9(1):124-135

Division of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces and secretes inappropriately high amounts of thyroid hormone which can lead to thyrotoxicosis. The prevalence of hyperthyroidism in the United States is approximately 1.2%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2019.11.01DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7082267PMC
February 2020

An uncommon cause of fever in a patient with hyperthyroidism.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Jan 28;9(1):432-434. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Department of Endocrinology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Fever as an indicator of disease has always been and remains a clinical symptom of great importance. It may be a manifestation of any inflammatory process of the thyroid and also may be presenting feature of thyroid storm. Melioidosis, is an infection caused by the gram negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei and the commonest co-morbidity observed in India is diabetes mellitus. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_933_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014895PMC
January 2020

Thyroid Storm in a Toddler Presenting as a Febrile Seizure.

Pediatrics 2020 02;145(2)

Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics and.

Although simple febrile seizures are relatively common and benign in toddlers, it is important to rule out any underlying critical disease that necessitates further intervention and treatment. Thyroid storm, the extreme manifestation of hyperthyroidism, is relatively rare and not often considered in the differential diagnosis of a febrile seizure despite its high mortality rate. Here, we report 1 of the youngest patients with thyroid storm, who initially presented with a febrile seizure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2019-1920DOI Listing
February 2020

Thyroid Storm in the ICU: A Retrospective Multicenter Study.

Crit Care Med 2020 01;48(1):83-90

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, Medical Intensive Care Unit, 75651 Paris Cedex 13, Paris, France.

Objectives: Thyroid storm represents a rare but life-threatening endocrine emergency. Only rare data are available on its management and the outcome of the most severe forms requiring ICU admission. We aimed to describe the clinical manifestations, management and in-ICU and 6-month survival rates of patients with those most severe thyroid storm forms requiring ICU admission. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000004078DOI Listing
January 2020
5 Reads

Hungry bone syndrome after thyroidectomy for thyroid storm.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Oct 10;12(10). Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Metabolism and Endocrinology, Kanto Central Hospital of the Mutual Aid Association of Public School Teachers, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

A 39-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of thyroid storm due to Graves' disease. Near-total thyroidectomy was performed after 1 month's pharmacological treatment, and he presented with tetany next morning. Serum corrected calcium value was 5. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231411DOI Listing
October 2019
2 Reads

Fulminant hepatitis and elevated levels of sIL-2R in thyroid storm.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2019 Sep 27;2019. Epub 2019 Sep 27.

Division of Neurology, Respirology, Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.

Summary: We report the case of a 48-year-old man with thyroid storm associated with fulminant hepatitis and elevated levels of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R). Fatigue, low-grade fever, shortness of breath, and weight loss developed over several months. The patient was admitted to the hospital because of tachycardia-induced heart failure and liver dysfunction. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-19-0078DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6765318PMC
September 2019
1 Read

Thyroid Storm-induced Severe Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Ventricular Tachycardia.

Cureus 2019 Jul 4;11(7):e5079. Epub 2019 Jul 4.

Cardiology, University of Central Florida College of Medicine/Hospital Corporation of America Graduate Medical Education Consortium, Orlando, USA.

Thyroid storm is an extreme form of hyperthyroidism associated with a high mortality rate. Heart failure is considered the leading cause of mortality in patients with thyroid storm, though the underlying cardiac pathology is unclear. Approximately 6% of patients with thyroid storm have heart failure symptoms as the initial presenting complaint. Read More

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https://www.cureus.com/articles/19670-thyroid-storm-induced-
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.5079DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6726417PMC
July 2019
20 Reads

Thyrotoxicosis-induced cardiomyopathy treated with venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Heart Lung 2020 Mar - Apr;49(2):165-166. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 S First Ave, Suite 6232-6234, Maywood, 60153 IL, USA. Electronic address:

A 37-year-old woman with no past medical history presented with longstanding untreated hyperthyroidism and consequentially developed thyrotoxicosis-induced cardiomyopathy. Upon admission, she was noted with a heart rate of 172 beats per minute and an EKG consistent with supraventricular tachycardia which was unresponsive to adenosine. Shortly after the initiation of a non-cardioselective beta-blocker for the treatment of persistent tachycardia, she developed profound cardiogenic shock refractory to vasopressors and inotropes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2019.06.006DOI Listing
July 2019
9 Reads

Postpartum Thyroid Storm in Poorly Controlled Graves' Disease: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2019 Oct;13(8):299-302

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois.

Hyperthyroidism during pregnancy is a relatively rare event, but poor control of hyperthyroidism during pregnancy is associated with a host of issues. These include intrauterine fetal demise, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, preterm delivery, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction, and maternal congestive heart failure. One of the most feared sequelae of hyperthyroidism is thyroid storm, which has a mortality rate >10%. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000001059DOI Listing
October 2019
3 Reads

Concurrent presentation of thyroid storm and diabetic ketoacidosis: a systematic review of previously reported cases.

BMC Endocr Disord 2019 May 17;19(1):49. Epub 2019 May 17.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine and Allied Sciences, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Saliyapura, 50008, Sri Lanka.

Background: Simultaneous development of thyroid storm and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a rare condition. The review aims to summarise its clinical presentation, investigation findings and treatment options.

Methods: Databases and reference lists of the selected articles were searched for case reports in English which describe concurrent presentation of thyroid storm and diabetic ketoacidosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12902-019-0374-3DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6525384PMC
May 2019
3 Reads

Assessment of Molecular Subtypes in Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis and Graves Disease Among Chinese Han Adults: A Population-Based Genome-Wide Association Study.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 05 3;2(5):e193348. Epub 2019 May 3.

The Core Laboratory in Medical Center of Clinical Research, Department of Endocrinology, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Importance: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. However, only 1 specific susceptibility locus for TPP has been identified. Additional genetic determinants should be detected so that a prediction model can be constructed. Read More

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http://jamanetworkopen.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.3348DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6503496PMC
May 2019
13 Reads

The Delayed Diagnosis of Thyroid Storm in Patients with Psychosis.

Intern Med 2019 Aug 17;58(15):2195-2199. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Hospital Organization Kyoto Medical Center, Japan.

We herein report two cases of patients with thyroid storm with a delayed diagnosis due to psychosis. The patients were a 63-year-old woman with bipolar II disorder and a 37-year-old man with major depressive disorder. The psychoses in both patients were well controlled with medication. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2681-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6709321PMC
August 2019
4 Reads

The value of total thyroidectomy as the definitive treatment for Graves' disease: A single centre experience of 594 cases.

J Clin Transl Endocrinol 2019 Jun 7;16:100183. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

University of Palermo, Department of Surgical Oncological and Oral Sciences, Division of General and Oncological Surgery, Palermo, Italy.

Purpose: Thyroidectomy is the preferred approach as the definitive treatment for Graves' disease. The outcomes for total thyroidectomy in a large series of 594 patients, who were observed in the last decade, will be presented in this study.

Methods: The study concerned a retrospective review of 594 patients, undergoing a total thyroidectomy for Graves' disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcte.2019.100183DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6377402PMC
June 2019
11 Reads

Simultaneous presentation of thyroid storm and diabetic ketoacidosis in a previously healthy 21-year-old man.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 28;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 28.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA.

A 21-year-old young man with no history of diabetes or thyroid disease presented to the emergency department with simultaneous thyroid storm and diabetic ketoacidosis. Notable findings on admission were a ventricular rate of 235 beats/min, tachypnoea, tremors, polydipsia and a lack of fever. Due to the unusual constellation of symptoms, diagnosis was only possible after initial laboratory results came back. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227554DOI Listing
January 2019
8 Reads

A case of Graves' disease developing with exacerbation of sarcoidosis.

Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2019 1;36(4):318-324. Epub 2019 May 1.

Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Nara Medical University Hospital, Kashiwara, Japan.

A 53-year old female was referred to our hospital with bilateral abnormal shadow in the chest X-ray. Computed tomography revealed multifocal ill-defined densities and thickening of bronchial wall and pulmonary vessels by fine nodules combined with massive enlargement of bilateral mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes. Analyses of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and transbronchial lung biopsy specimen showed the increase in CD4/CD8 ratio and the presence of non-caseating granulomas, respectively. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.36141/svdld.v36i4.8307DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7247091PMC

Acute Thyroid Storm Following Thymectomy: A Surprising Result of Undiagnosed Graves' Disease.

Cureus 2018 Aug 31;10(8):e3239. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, USA.

Postoperative thyroid storm represents a diagnostic dilemma in patients with overlooked hyperthyroid state undergoing a nonthyroid surgery. We report a 30-year-old female with a history of mixed connective tissue disease who presented with an anterior mediastinal mass and underwent a thoracoscopic resection of the mass. On postoperative day 1, she had an acute change in mental status with fever, tachycardia and hypercapnic respiratory failure requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.3239DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6209514PMC
August 2018
39 Reads

Shaking and tremors in thyroid storm.

Intensive Care Med 2019 07 15;45(7):1021. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Jeroen Bosch Hospital, Henri Dunantstraat 1, 5223 GZ, 's-Hertogenbosch, The Netherlands.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00134-018-5410-7DOI Listing

Weathering the storm: A case of thyroid storm refractory to conventional treatment benefiting from therapeutic plasma exchange.

J Clin Apher 2018 Dec 15;33(6):678-681. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Department of Pathology, Division of Transfusion Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

Thyroid storm is a severe manifestation of thyrotoxicosis characterized by systemic organ dysfunction secondary to a hypermetabolic state. Although antithyroid drugs, steroids, beta-blockers, antipyretics, and cholestyramine are the standard of care, some patients inadequately respond to these conventional therapies. Therapeutic plasma exchange has been previously utilized as a treatment modality in patients with a poor response to routine therapies or with contraindications to them. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jca.21658DOI Listing
December 2018
14 Reads

Thyroid storm following rapid sequence intubation.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 12 3;36(12):2338.e5-2338.e6. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, United States of America. Electronic address:

Thyroid storm is a rare complication with an estimated incidence ranging from 0.61 to 0.76 cases per 100,000 people. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
10 Reads

[Thyroid storm and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in a previously healthy male - a significant differential diagnostic challenge].

Lakartidningen 2018 08 24;115. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Medicinkliniken, Hallands sjukhus Halmstad - Halmstad, Sweden Medicinkliniken, Hallands sjukhus Halmstad - Halmstad, Sweden.

Thyroid storm is a potentially lethal condition sometimes seen in cases of untreated thyrotoxicosis. Hypermetabolism, fever, and tachycardia are typical symptoms of the increased thyroid hormone activity. Thyroid storm is often triggered by infection, trauma or recent surgery and rarely by other causes. Read More

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August 2018
9 Reads

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis and Cardiomyopathy in a Patient with Graves' Disease.

Cureus 2018 Jun 19;10(6):e2837. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Critical Care, Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) and cardiomyopathy are two established complications of thyrotoxicosis. Emergent management is essential as TPP and cardiac events secondary to thyrotoxic cardiomyopathy can be fatal. We report a unique case of a patient with Graves' disease presenting with symptoms secondary to both these complications. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.2837DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6101465PMC
June 2018
13 Reads

Thyroid Storm and Complete Heart Block after Treatment with Radioactive Iodine.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2018 11;2018:8214169. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, The Robert Larner, M.D. College of Medicine, The University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.

Thyroid storm is a rare endocrine emergency characterized by dysfunction of multiple organ systems. Thyroid storm is more common in Graves' disease and can be precipitated by surgery, trauma, infection, metabolic abnormalities, iodine load, and parturition. We present a diagnostically challenging case of thyroid storm precipitated by radioiodine therapy and accompanied by bradycardia, a rare but life-threatening complication related to treatment for hyperthyroidism. Read More

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https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crie/2018/8214169/
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2018/8214169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6016161PMC
June 2018
15 Reads

Therapeutic plasmapheresis in thyrotoxic patients.

Endocrine 2018 10 2;62(1):144-148. Epub 2018 Jul 2.

Ege University Medical Faculty, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism Disorders, Izmir, Turkey.

Purpose: For the treatment of thyrotoxicosis, alternative treatment modalities may be necessary if anti-thyroid drugs cannot be used due to side effects, inefficiencies, or there is a need to start a rapid action such as thyroid storm. By using therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE), it is possible to effectively and rapidly remove the increased thyroid hormones. We evaluated our results and experience on a rapid, effective, and reliable alternative treatment modality in thyrotoxic patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-018-1661-xDOI Listing
October 2018
17 Reads

Does thyrotoxic periodic paralysis have a genetic predisposition? A case report.

Ann Clin Biochem 2018 Nov 20;55(6):713-716. Epub 2018 Jul 20.

1 Department of Clinical Chemistry, Tallaght University Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin, Ireland.

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis is a rare complication of hyperthyroidism where increased influx of potassium into skeletal muscle cells leads to profound hypokalaemia and paralysis. Most cases arise sporadically in Asians; however, it is being increasingly reported in Caucasians. It is regarded as a channelopathy where a genetic and/or acquired defect in the sodium-potassium (Na/K-ATPase) pump renders it more sensitive to excess thyroid hormone in susceptible individuals. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0004563218785395DOI Listing
November 2018
50 Reads

A retrospective cohort study: do patients with graves' disease need to be euthyroid prior to surgery?

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2018 May 21;47(1):37. Epub 2018 May 21.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck surgery, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, 3755 Côte-Sainte-Catherine Road, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1E2, Canada.

Background: The 2016 American Thyroid Association guidelines indicate that patients with Graves' disease who undergo a thyroidectomy should be rendered euthyroid through the use of antithyroid drugs (ATD) prior to surgery to avoid complications such as a thyroid storm. At times, the use of ATDs can have limited efficacy and therefore some patients will inevitably remain biochemically hyperthyroid at the time of surgery. The aim of this study is to assess if hyperthyroid patients undergoing a thyroidectomy are at an increased risk of developing a thyroid storm in comparison to euthyroid patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40463-018-0281-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5963139PMC
May 2018
28 Reads

Type 2 Diabetes Decompensation as the Clinical Presentation of Thyroid Storm - Cause or Consequence?

Eur Endocrinol 2017 Aug 22;13(2):99-101. Epub 2017 Aug 22.

Endocrinology Department, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

This case study aims to discuss the unusual forms of hyperthyroidism presentation, the nonspecific symptoms and precipitating events. A 70-year-old male was taken to the emergency department for hyperglycaemia, nausea, vomiting and altered mental status with a week of evolution. He had a past medical history of type 2 diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia. Read More

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http://www.touchendocrinology.com/articles/type-2-diabetes-d
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17925/EE.2017.13.02.99DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5813473PMC
August 2017
38 Reads

Thyrotoxic crisis as an acute clinical presentation in a child.

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Mar 23;2018. Epub 2018 Mar 23.

Paediatrics, University Hospitals of Leicester Foundation Trust, Leicester, UK.

A previously well, 4-year-old girl presented with a 4-6 weeks' history of increased appetite, weight loss, tiredness, sleep difficulty, excessive sweating, swelling in the neck and new-onset 'prominent, protruding eyes.' Family history revealed paternal grandmother receiving treatment for hyperthyroidism. Clinical assessment demonstrated features of thyrotoxicosis (tachycardia, warm peripheries, small smooth goitre with no nodules, exophthalmos). Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2017-22285
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5878342PMC
March 2018
60 Reads

More, less or both?

BMJ Case Rep 2018 Mar 5;2018. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Department of Internal medicine, VU Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

A 67-year-old Caucasian woman with no prior medical history was admitted to our hospital with complaints of generalised weakness, nausea, diarrhoea and weight loss. The patient suffered from tachycardia and hypotension. Blood tests revealed Graves' thyrotoxicosis and the patient was treated accordingly. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2017-22235
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-222355DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5847917PMC
March 2018
22 Reads

Manifestation of Central Diabetes Insipidus in a Patient with Thyroid Storm.

Intern Med 2018 Jul 28;57(13):1939-1942. Epub 2018 Feb 28.

Department of General Medicine, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Japan.

We herein report a case of central diabetes insipidus complicated with thyroid storm. A middle-aged woman who was receiving treatment for Graves' disease suddenly complained of polydipsia, polyuria and general fatigue. Laboratory tests showed hyperthyroidism, hypernatremia, hypoosmolar urine and a decreased plasma vasopressin level. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.0063-17DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6064704PMC
July 2018
36 Reads

Thyroid storm and myxoedema: two reversible causes of acute heart failure.

Acute Med 2018 ;17(4):229-231

Department of Intensive Medicine, Unidade de Saúde Local de Matosinhos, Matosinhos, Portugal.

Cardiovascular signs and symptoms can prevail in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Case 1: 30-year-old female with acute right heart failure as first manifestation of Graves' disease. It illustrates some of its cardiovascular complications, particularly pulmonary hypertension, tricuspid regurgitation, atrial fibrillation, mitral valve prolapse and mitral regurgitation. Read More

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March 2019
6 Reads

Cytomegalovirus-mononucleosis-induced thyroiditis in an immunocompetent patient.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2017 24;2017. Epub 2017 Nov 24.

Division of Endocrinology, Jewish General Hospital, Montréal, Québec, Canada.

Enteroviruses, including coxsackieviruses and Echovirus, are well known pathogens responsible for the development of thyroiditis. We describe the case of a 49-year-old woman with no personal or family history of thyroid disease who presented to the emergency room with a two-week history of daily fevers up to 39°C, a sore throat, occasional palpitations and diaphoresis, decreased appetite and an unintentional 10 kg weight loss over the same time course Physical examination revealed mild tachycardia, an intention tremor and a normal-sized, nontender thyroid gland without palpable nodules. The remainder of the physical examination was unremarkable and without stigmata of Graves' disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-17-0142DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5704440PMC
November 2017
15 Reads

Preoperative management in patients with Graves' disease.

Gland Surg 2017 Oct;6(5):476-481

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Insubria, Varese, Italy.

Graves' disease is the most frequent cause of hyperthyroidism in iodine-sufficient geographical areas and is characterized by the presence in patients' serum of autoantibodies directed against the thyrotropin receptor (TRAb) that cause overproduction and release of thyroid hormones. Clinical presentation results from both hyperthyroidism and underlying autoimmunity. The diagnosis is based on characteristic clinical features and biochemical abnormalities. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs.2017.05.09DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5676164PMC
October 2017
19 Reads

Iodinated Contrast Administration Resulting in Cardiogenic Shock in Patient with Uncontrolled Graves Disease.

J Emerg Med 2017 Dec 6;53(6):e125-e128. Epub 2017 Nov 6.

Virginia Tech Carilion Emergency Medicine Residency, Department of Emergency Medicine, Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, Virginia.

Background: Thyroid storm (also known as thyroid or thyrotoxic crisis) is part of the spectrum of thyrotoxicosis and represents the extreme end of that spectrum. The condition is quite rare, yet mortality rates are high and may approach 10-30%.

Case Report: A 34-year-old-man who had a history of Graves disease presented in atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response and mild congestive heart failure. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2017.08.096DOI Listing
December 2017
32 Reads

Total Thyroidectomy for Thyroid Cancer Followed by Thyroid Storm due to Thyrotropin Receptor Antibody Stimulation of Metastatic Thyroid Tissue.

Eur Thyroid J 2017 Sep 3;6(5):276-280. Epub 2017 Aug 3.

Department of Endocrinology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, Denmark.

Background: Graves disease (GD) is an autoimmune condition characterized by the presence of antibodies against the thyrotropin receptor (TRAB), which stimulate the thyroid gland to produce excess thyroid hormone. Theoretically, TRAB could stimulate highly differentiated thyroid cancer tissue and/or metastases to produce thyroid hormone.

Case: A 68-year-old male, with weight loss and palpitations, was diagnosed with thyrotoxicosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000479061DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5649237PMC
September 2017
37 Reads

Malignant Hyperthermia Versus Thyroid Storm in a Patient With Symptomatic Graves Disease: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2018 Mar;10(5):97-99

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois.

Malignant hyperthermia and thyroid storm are intraoperative emergencies with overlapping symptoms but different treatment protocols. We faced this diagnostic dilemma in a 25-year-old patient with symptomatic hyperthyroidism, elevated free T3 and free T4, and low thyroid-stimulating hormone from Graves disease despite treatment with propranolol 80 mg daily and methimazole 40 mg every 8 hours. During thyroidectomy, he developed hyperthermia and hypercarbia without tachycardia. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1213/XAA.0000000000000639DOI Listing
March 2018
26 Reads

Thyroid storm and warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia.

Transfus Apher Sci 2017 Aug 18;56(4):606-608. Epub 2017 Aug 18.

Division of Hematology Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States.

Graves' disease is often associated with other autoimmune disorders, including rare associations with autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). We describe a unique presentation of thyroid storm and warm AIHA diagnosed concurrently in a young female with hyperthyroidism. The patient presented with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and altered mental status. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transci.2017.08.003DOI Listing
August 2017
24 Reads

[Thyroid storm associated with multiorganic dysfunction].

Medicina (B Aires) 2017 ;77(4):337-340

Servicio de Endocrinología, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia. E-mail:

Thyroid storm is a rare and potentially fatal condition. Unusual presentations in patients with thyroid storm have been described but multiorganic dysfunction is uncommonly seen. We describe the case of a 36-year-old woman with unknown underlying Graves's disease who developed thyroid storm. Read More

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July 2018
103 Reads

Early Timing of Thyroidectomy for Hyperthyroidism in Graves' Disease Improves Biochemical Recovery.

World J Surg 2017 10;41(10):2545-2550

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Zurich and University of Zurich, Frauenklinikstrasse 24, 8091, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: The role of thyroidectomy as an early treatment for hyperthyroidism has been poorly investigated. Our aim was to examine its success rates, particularly focusing on thyroidectomy as an early treatment.

Methods: Patients with thyroidectomy for hyperthyroidism between February 2008 and October 2014 were included. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00268-017-4052-1DOI Listing
October 2017
46 Reads

Lugol's solution-induced painless thyroiditis.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2017 30;2017. Epub 2017 May 30.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, QuebecCanada.

Lugol's solution is usually employed for a limited period for thyroidectomy preparation in patients with Graves' disease and for the control of severe thyrotoxicosis and thyroid storm. We describe a rare case of Lugol's solution-induced painless thyroiditis. In November 2014, a 59-year-old woman was prescribed Lugol's solution four drops per day for the alleviation of menopausal symptoms. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-17-0034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5467656PMC
May 2017
46 Reads

Successful treatment of thyroid storm presenting as recurrent cardiac arrest and subsequent multiorgan failure by continuous renal replacement therapy.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2017 31;2017. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Division of Nephrology, Kosin University College of Medicine, BusanRepublic of Korea.

Summary: Thyroid storm is a rare and potentially life-threatening medical emergency. We experienced a case of thyroid storm associated with sepsis caused by pneumonia, which had a catastrophic course including recurrent cardiac arrest and subsequent multiple organ failure (MOF). A 22-year-old female patient with a 10-year history of Graves' disease was transferred to our emergency department (ED). Read More

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https://edm.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/edm/2017/1/EDM1
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-16-0115DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5404465PMC
March 2017
32 Reads

Hyperthyroidism-associated hypercalcemic crisis: A case report and review of the literature.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Jan;96(4):e6017

Department of Endocrinology, Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Rationale: Hyperthyroidism is one of the major clinical causes of hypercalcaemia, however, hyperthyroidism-related hypercalcemic crisis is rare, only 1 case have been reported. The potential mechanisms are still not too clear. It may be related that thyroid hormone stimulate bone turnover, elevate serum calcium, increase urinary and fecal calcium excretion. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000006017DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5287984PMC
January 2017
41 Reads

Thyroid Storm Precipitated by Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Influenza A: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Intern Med 2017 15;56(2):181-185. Epub 2017 Jan 15.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Hospital Organization Nagasaki Medical Center, Japan.

A 46-year-old woman with a history of Graves' disease presented with the chief complaints of appetite loss, weight loss, fatigue, nausea, and sweating. She was diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), thyroid storm, and influenza A. She was treated with an intravenous insulin drip, intravenous fluid therapy, intravenous hydrocortisone, oral potassium iodine, and oral methimazole. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.56.7593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5337464PMC
March 2017
38 Reads

A case of fatal heart and liver failure accompanied by thyroid storm treated with prompt plasma exchange.

J Cardiol Cases 2017 Mar 17;15(3):100-103. Epub 2017 Jan 17.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

A 36-year-old man with a history of Graves' disease was admitted complaining of dyspnea. He was diagnosed with acute heart failure and severe liver dysfunction accompanied by thyroid storm. Left ventricular ejection fraction was 19%, and liver enzyme levels were markedly elevated followed with coagulation disorders. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jccase.2016.11.001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6135025PMC
March 2017
3 Reads

An autopsy case of hyperthyroid cardiomyopathy manifesting lethal congestive heart failure.

Pathol Int 2017 Feb 23;67(2):110-112. Epub 2016 Dec 23.

Department of Pathology, Nihon University School of Medicine, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pin.12491DOI Listing
February 2017
13 Reads

Association of KCNJ2 Genetic Variants with Susceptibility to Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis in Patients with Graves' Disease.

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2017 Feb 22;125(2):75-78. Epub 2016 Dec 22.

Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul 05505, Korea.

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is characterized by acute onset paralysis and hypokalemia predominantly in male patients with thyrotoxicosis. Recent studies have emphasized the importance of potassium channels, which might explain the underlying mechanism of TPP. The gene encodes the inward-rectifying potassium channel. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0042-119527DOI Listing
February 2017
126 Reads

A case of hypercalcaemic crisis secondary to coexistence of primary hyperparathyroidism and Graves' disease.

Endocr Regul 2016 Oct;50(4):225-228

A 46 year-old female patient presented to the hospital with ongoing and progressively increasing fatigue, severe nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, palpitations and somnolence. Laboratory evaluation revealed a severe hypercalcaemia and overt hyperthyroidism. She was diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism accompanied by Graves' disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/enr-2016-0024DOI Listing
October 2016
21 Reads

A Case of Thyroid Storm Associated with Cardiomyopathy and Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis.

Case Rep Pediatr 2016 27;2016:7192359. Epub 2016 Oct 27.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes and Department of Pediatric Nephrology, The Children's Hospital at Montefiore, 3415 Bainbridge Ave., Bronx, NY 10467, USA.

Thyroid storm has a high mortality rate and is often associated with a precipitating factor such as intercurrent illness or infection. It is rare in pediatric patients. Cardiac disease in hyperthyroidism mostly manifests itself as tachycardia but more serious cardiac findings have also been described. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7192359DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5102721PMC
October 2016
48 Reads

Low cardiac output thyroid storm in a girl with Graves' disease.

Pediatr Int 2016 Oct;58(10):1080-1083

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

A 15-year-old girl with Graves' disease presented with hypotension after methimazole and propranolol were re-started for hyperthyroidism. She was found to have pulmonary artery hypertension resulting in obstructive shock. Thyroid storm was diagnosed according to Burch and Wartofsky score. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ped.13102DOI Listing
October 2016
14 Reads