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    6536 results match your criteria Hyperprolactinemia

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    Hyperprolactinaemia - a problem in patients from the reproductive period to the menopause.
    Prz Menopauzalny 2017 Mar 26;16(1):1-7. Epub 2017 Apr 26.
    2 Department of Gynecology, Lublin Medical University, Lublin, Poland.
    Hyperprolactinaemia especially affects women in reproductive age (90/100,000) but also often is diagnosed in menopause age and leads to disturbances in functioning of LH-RH neurons and, as a consequence, to a decrease of FSH and LH, which causes inhibition of oestradiol production. Prolactin is a peptide hormone, phylogenetically one of the oldest, stimulating cells of various organs, which is produced and secreted mainly by lactotrophic acidophilic cells of the anterior lobe of the pituitary. It influences the increase in the mass of the mammary glands, and stimulation and maintenance of lactation after delivery. Read More

    Effectiveness of paliperidone depot injection in seriously violent men with comorbid schizophrenia and dissocial personality disorder in a UK high-security hospital.
    Ther Adv Psychopharmacol 2017 May 27;7(5):169-179. Epub 2017 Mar 27.
    Consultant Forensic Psychiatrist, Top End Mental Health Service, PO Box 140, Parap, NT 0804, Australia.
    Background: High-security hospital patients are often complex in presentation and are characterized by treatment resistance, medication nonadherence and history of violence. Paliperidone is licensed both as an oral and depot antipsychotic medication in the treatment of schizophrenia. Clinical trials have shown that paliperidone depot is well tolerated with similar efficacy to risperidone depot but with additional practical advantages. Read More

    Serum Prolactin Levels in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder Receiving Selective Serotonin-Reuptake Inhibitor Monotherapy for 3 Months: A Prospective Study.
    Psychiatry Investig 2017 May 16;14(3):368-371. Epub 2017 May 16.
    Department of Psychiatry, Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang, Republic of Korea.
    Objective: It is unclear whether selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) can significantly increase the prolactin level. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between the prolactin level and the administration of SSRIs such as escitalopram and sertraline. An additional purpose was to determine whether the elevation of prolactin differs between escitalopram and sertraline treatment. Read More

    Occurrence of hyperprolactinemia in children with subclinical hypothyroidism.
    J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol 2017 May 22. Epub 2017 May 22.
    Background: Prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in children with subclinical hypothyroidism (ScH) is not known. This study aimed to determine the occurrence and predictors of hyperprolactinemia in children with euthyroidism, ScH and overt primary hypothyroidism (OPH).

    Methods: Consecutive children <18 years age, diagnosed to have normal thyroid function, ScH or OPH underwent serum prolactin estimation. Read More

    Bipolar patients treated with long-acting injectable risperidone in Taiwan: A 1-year mirror-image study using a national claims database.
    J Affect Disord 2017 May 3;218:327-334. Epub 2017 May 3.
    School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:
    Objective: Bipolar disorder (BD) is burdensome for patients and healthcare systems. This study evaluated changes in concomitant medication patterns, healthcare utilization, and costs after the initiation of risperidone long-acting injection (RLAI) treatment among BD patients.

    Method: 287 BD patients receiving regular RLAI treatment for 1 year were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research database during 2007-2012. Read More

    Evaluation of prolactin levels in patients with newly diagnosed pemphigus vulgaris and its correlation with pemphigus disease area index.
    Int J Womens Dermatol 2016 Jun 23;2(2):53-55. Epub 2016 Apr 23.
    Department of Dermatology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Background: Prolactin is a hormone; in addition to it known roles, it has immunomodulatory effects on lymphocytes maturation and immunoglobulins production. Hyperprolactinemia has been demonstrated in various autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, type I diabetes mellitus, and Graves' disease. In view of the prolactin immunomodulatory roles, studying prolactin levels in pemphigus as an autoimmune blistering disease may introduce new ways of understanding disease etiology and developing treatment strategies. Read More

    Prolactin and Estradiol Profile in a Cohort of Colombian Women with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
    Isr Med Assoc J 2016 Sep;18(9):537-541
    Department of Autoimmune Diseases, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
    Background: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease with multiorgan involvement and wide variability in presentation and course. Although it can appear at any age, women of childbearing age are primarily affected. This has led to the proposal of a hormonal role in the development of SLE. Read More

    Macroprolactinoma appearing after resolution of hydrocephalus.
    Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2017 19;2017. Epub 2017 Apr 19.
    Division of Neurosurgery, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos AiresArgentina.
    Summary: The role of mechanical forces influencing the growth of a pituitary adenoma is poorly understood. In this paper we report the case of a young man with hyperprolactinaemia and an empty sella secondary to hydrocephalia, who developed a macroprolactinoma following the relief of high intraventricular pressure.

    Learning Points: The volume of a pituitary tumour may be influenced not only by molecular but also by local mechanical factors. Read More

    The role of atypical antipsychotics in sexuality: Road to recovery in schizophrenia.
    Curr Drug Targets 2017 May 2. Epub 2017 May 2.
    Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Medical Campus, 20400 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu. Malaysia.
    Sexuality is an important dimension in human beings as a form of expression of individuality. For many decades, sexual functioning has been a neglected area among patients suffering from schizophrenia. It was a presumption that patients with schizophrenia could be asexual and this could be secondary to overwhelming situations of delusion, hallucination, hostility and negative symptoms among others. Read More

    Levosulpiride and Serum Prolactin Levels.
    Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2017 Mar-Apr;21(2):355-358
    Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
    Levosulpiride is the levorotatory enantiomer of sulpiride used in dyspeptic syndromes of various etiologies. The prokinetic effect of levosulpiride is mediated through the blockade of enteric inhibitory dopaminergic type 2 (D2) receptors. The antagonism of central D2 receptors leads to both therapeutic (e. Read More

    Paliperidone palmitate: effectiveness, safety, and the use for treatment of schizophrenia.
    Psychiatr Pol 2017 Feb 26;51(1):7-21. Epub 2017 Feb 26.
    Klinika Psychiatrii Dorosłych UM w Poznaniu.
    The aim of the study was to summarize the efficacy and tolerability of paliperidone palmitate, an atypical long-acting antipsychotic drug. Paliperidone is a 9-hydroxy metabolite of risperidone with a slightly different receptor profile and significantly different pharmacokinetic profile. After the short review of its pharmacological properties, the efficacy of the drug in comparison to placebo or to an active comparator was described. Read More

    Growth without growth hormone in combined pituitary hormone deficiency caused by pituitary stalk interruption syndrome.
    Ann Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2017 Mar 31;22(1):55-59. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Department of Pediatrics, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
    Growth hormone (GH) is an essential element for normal growth. However, reports of normal growth without GH have been made in patients who have undergone brain surgery for craniopharyngioma. Normal growth without GH can be explained by hyperinsulinemia, hyperprolactinemia, elevated leptin levels, and GH variants; however, its exact mechanism has not been elucidated yet. Read More

    Hyperprolactinemia Induced by Antipsychotics: From Diagnosis to Treatment Approach.
    Endocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2017 04 23. Epub 2017 Apr 23.
    Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università di Salerno . Italy.
    Schizophrenia is one of the most severe psychiatric diseases with a significant impact on the psychosocial functioning of the patients. People with schizophrenia are at risk to die prematurely because of their illness with their poor lifestyle contributing to the excess morbidity and higher mortality rate. In particular, lifestyle (e. Read More

    Hyperprolactinemia and the Association with All-Cause Mortality and Cardiovascular Mortality.
    Horm Metab Res 2017 Apr 24. Epub 2017 Apr 24.
    Department of Endocrinology, Herlev University Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Hyperprolactinemia has been suspected to increase mortality risk, but the available data are conflicting. The objective of this study was to estimate the association between hyperprolactinemia and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among patients referred for assessment of prolactin. For this study, adults with no prio pituitary disease who underwent prolactin assessment at 3 university Hospitals in Denmark between 2001 and 2011 were included in a retrospective cohort study. Read More

    The incidence of anterior pituitary hormone deficiencies in patients with microprolactinoma and idiopathic hyperprolactinaemia.
    Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2017 Apr 20. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
    RCSI Medical School Dublin 9, Ireland.
    Introduction: Patients with microprolactinoma and idiopathic hyperprolactinaemia are not generally considered to be at risk of hypopituitarism and are therefore not routinely screened for this abnormality. In our clinical practice we have observed a number of patients with non-macroadenomatous hyperprolactinaemia to have anterior pituitary hormone deficits.

    Aims: We aimed to establish the frequency and clinical significance of anterior pituitary hormone deficiencies, comparing patients with radiologically proven microprolactinomas and patients with idiopathic hyperprolactinaemia. Read More

    The efficacy and safety of pubertal induction using 17beta-estradiol in transgirls.
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2017 Apr 14. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Department of Pediatrics, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    Introduction.: Puberty suppression using GnRH agonists, followed by induction of desired sex characteristics using sex steroids, is recommended by current guidelines as the treatment of choice for gender dysphoric adolescents although little evidence is available.

    Aim. Read More

    An evaluation of neuroendocrine dysfunction following acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: A prospective study.
    Asian J Neurosurg 2017 Jan-Mar;12(1):34-36
    Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.
    Objective: The aim was to investigate the incidence and pattern of neuroendocrine changes in cases of acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

    Materials And Methods: Endocrine assessment was performed in 100 consecutive cases of acute aneurysmal SAH presenting within 7 days of ictus. The gonadotropic, somatotrophic, thyrotropic, and corticotrophic axes were evaluated for their possible dysfunction. Read More

    Endocrine Comorbidities in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis: A Population-based Case-controlled Study.
    J Rheumatol 2017 Apr 15. Epub 2017 Apr 15.
    From the Department of Rheumatology, and the Department of Internal Medicine, and the Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, Carmel Medical Center; Bruce and Ruth Rappaport Faculty of Medicine Technion, Haifa; Chief Physician's Office, Central Headquarters, Clalit Health Services, Tel Aviv; Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheba, Israel. A. Haddad, MD, Department of Rheumatology, Carmel Medical Center; R.I. Ashkenazi, MD, Department of Internal Medicine, Carmel Medical Center; H. Bitterman, MD, Chief Physician's Office, Central Headquarters, Clalit Health Services, and Bruce and Ruth Rappaport Faculty of Medicine Technion; I. Feldhamer, MA, Chief Physician's Office, Central Headquarters, Clalit Health Services; S. Greenberg-Dotan, PhD, Chief Physician's Office, Central Headquarters, Clalit Health Services; I. Lavi, MA, MPH, Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, Carmel Medical Center; E. Batat, MBA, Chief Physician's Office, Central Headquarters, Clalit Health Services; I. Bergman, MD, Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Carmel Medical Center; A.D. Cohen, PhD, MD, MPH, Chief Physician's Office, Central Headquarters, Clalit Health Services, and Siaal Research Center for Family Medicine and Primary Care, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; D. Zisman, MD, Department of Rheumatology, and Department of Community Medicine and Epidemiology, Carmel Medical Center. Dr. Haddad and Dr. Ashkenazi contributed equally to this work. Dr. Cohen and Dr. Zisman contributed equally to this work. Address correspondence to Dr. D. Zisman, Department of Rheumatology, Carmel Medical Center, 7 Michal St., Haifa 34362, Israel. E-mail: Accepted for publication February 21, 2017.
    Objective: To investigate endocrine comorbidities in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

    Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed with the database of Clalit Health Services, the largest healthcare provider in Israel, between 2002 and 2014. Patients with PsA were identified and matched by age and sex to healthy controls. Read More

    Prolactin as a Potential Early Predictive Factor in Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Nivolumab.
    Oncology 2017 Apr 14. Epub 2017 Apr 14.
    Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Radiological, Oncological, and Pathological Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.
    Background/aims: Prolactin (PRL) is a peptide hormone and several studies have demonstrated its role as a cytokine in human T cell-mediated immunity. We are unaware if PRL is a positive or negative immunomodulator, but its effects on the regulation of T cells could inhibit the antitumor activity elicited by nivolumab (NIVO). We aimed to assess whether the occurrence of hyperprolactinemia in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (mNSCLC) patients treated with NIVO is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Read More

    Risperidone-Induced Adverse Drug Reactions and Role of DRD2 (-141 C Ins/Del) and 5HTR2C (-759 C>T) Genetic Polymorphisms in Patients with Schizophrenia.
    J Pharmacol Pharmacother 2017 Jan-Mar;8(1):28-32
    Department of Psychiatry, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, India.
    Objective: To determine the adverse drug reaction (ADR) profile of risperidone and their association with dopamine (DRD2 - 141 C Ins/Del/rs1799732) and serotonin receptor (5HTR2C -759 C>T/rs3813929) gene polymorphisms in patients with schizophrenia.

    Materials And Methods: The study was conducted among 289 patients who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and were on treatment with risperidone (4-8 mg/day)-based therapy for a minimum of 4 weeks. Genotyping was carried by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Read More

    Paeoniflorin and liquiritin, two major constituents in Chinese herbal formulas used to treat hyperprolactinemia-associated disorders, inhibits prolactin secretion in prolactinoma cells by different mechanisms.
    J Ethnopharmacol 2017 May 7;204:36-44. Epub 2017 Apr 7.
    Endocrinology and Metabolism Group, Sydney Institute of Health Sciences/Sydney Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, NSW 2000, Australia. Electronic address:
    Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Paeoniflorin and liquiritin are major constituents in some Chinese herbal formulas, such as Yiru Tiaojing (YRTJ) Granule (a hospitalized preparation) and Peony-Glycyrrhiza Decoction, used for hyperprolactinemia-associated disorders.

    Aim Of The Study: To investigate the effect of paeoniflorin and liquiritin on prolactin secretion.

    Materials And Methods: The effect of YRTJ Granule on metoclopramide-induced hyperprolactinemia was tested in rats. Read More

    Association between serum prolactin levels and insulin resistance in non-diabetic men.
    PLoS One 2017 6;12(4):e0175204. Epub 2017 Apr 6.
    Department of Social Medicine, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori, Japan.
    Prolactin (PRL) has roles in various physiological functions. Although experimental studies showed that PRL has both beneficial and adverse effects on type 2 diabetes mellitus, clinical findings in subjects with hyperprolactinemia indicate adverse effects on glucose metabolism. However, effects of PRL within the physiological range in human are controversial. Read More

    Progressive visual disturbance and enlarging prolactinoma caused by melanoma metastasis: A case report and literature review.
    Medicine (Baltimore) 2017 Apr;96(14):e6483
    aDepartment of Neurosurgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital bInstitute of Cancer Stem Cell cDepartment of Endocrinology of Affiliated Dalian Municipal Central Hospital, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning Province dDepartment of Neurosurgery of Yantaishan Hospital, Yantai, Shandong Province, PR China.
    Rationale: Melanoma metastases to the pituitary adenoma (MMPA) are extremely rare, with only 1 reported case. To date, the melanoma metastasis to the existing prolactinoma has not been reported in literatures.

    Patient Concerns: We report a case of 62-year-old woman presented with progressive visual disturbance and hyperprolactinemia. Read More

    Adjunctive metformin for antipsychotic-related hyperprolactinemia: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
    J Psychopharmacol 2017 May 3;31(5):625-631. Epub 2017 Apr 3.
    7 Unit of Psychiatry, University of Macau, Macau SAR, China.
    Hyperprolactinemia is a common and severe antipsychotic-induced adverse drug reaction. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials systematically examined the efficacy and safety of adjunctive metformin for antipsychotic-related hyperprolactinemia in schizophrenia patients. Two independent investigators searched, extracted, and synthesized data. Read More

    Role of Prolactin in the Regulation of Bicarbonates Biodynamics in Female Rat Model of Cholestasis of Pregnancy.
    Bull Exp Biol Med 2017 Mar 31;162(5):611-614. Epub 2017 Mar 31.
    Laboratory of Endocrinology, Biological Faculty, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.
    We studied possible involvement of prolactin in the regulation of bicarbonate biodynamics using female rat model of cholestasis of pregnancy induced by transplantation of the donor pituitary under the renal capsule of a recipient (hyperprolactinemia) and bile duct ligation (cholestasis). The concentration of bicarbonates in the bile and blood, their excretion, clearance, and reabsorption, as well as glomerular filtration rate and excretion of sodium ions were assessed. It was found that the main effect of prolactin was directed to the kidney-regulated pool of bicarbonates and consisted in stimulation of their clearance and inhibition of reabsorption, which led to a decrease in bicarbonate blood concentration. Read More

    Serum Prolactin Levels in Multiple Sclerosis, Neuromyelitis Optica, and Clinically Isolated Syndrome Patients.
    Noro Psikiyatr Ars 2016 Dec 1;53(4):353-356. Epub 2016 Dec 1.
    Department of Neurology, İstanbul University İstanbul School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.
    Introduction: Prolactin has been discussed as a factor likely to play a mediating role in multiple sclerosis (MS). Our aim was to investigate the possible association between prolactin production and clinical features of autoimmune demyelinating central nervous system disorders.

    Methods: Serum prolactin levels of 255 MS patients, 19 neuromyelitis optica (NMO) patients, 15 clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients, and 240 healthy controls were measured by a heterogeneous sandwich magnetic separation assay. Read More

    The central mechanism of risperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia.
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2017 Mar 20;76:134-139. Epub 2017 Mar 20.
    Department of Cardiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, PR China; School of Medicine, Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. Electronic address:
    Risperidone is known to increase prolactin secretion in treating mental illness patients. This side-effect is thought to be mediated via central signaling pathway. However, the exact pathway involved between risperidone and hyperprolactinemia are still unknown. Read More

    Prolactin Upregulates Female-Predominant P450 Gene Expressions and Downregulates Male-Predominant Gene Expressions in Mouse Liver.
    Drug Metab Dispos 2017 Jun 22;45(6):586-592. Epub 2017 Mar 22.
    Division of Clinical Nephrology and Rheumatology (Y.S., Y.K., T.C., K.G., T.O., S.Y., S.G., I.N.) and Department of Clinical Nephroscience (H.M.), Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Asahimachi-dori, Niigata, Japan.
    Prolactin is a polypeptide hormone with over 300 separate biologic activities. Its serum level is increased during pregnancy and lactation, and it has been reported that pregnancy and lactation affect drug and steroid metabolism in mice and humans. Several studies reported that pregnancy or lactation influences liver cytochrome P450 (P450) expression and its activity, affecting the biosynthesis of steroids and xenobiotics through growth hormone or sex hormones; however, the role of prolactin as the regulator of liver P450 expression has not been elucidated so far. Read More

    Pituitary Adenoma and Hyperprolactinemia Accompanied by Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis.
    Case Rep Endocrinol 2017 22;2017:3974291. Epub 2017 Feb 22.
    General Surgery Department, Liv Hospital, Ulus, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of the breast, and its etiology remains not fully elucidated. IGM is observed more often in patients with autoimmune disease. Hyperprolactinemia is observed during pregnancy, lactation, and a history of oral contraceptive use. Read More

    Cooperative Synthesis of Dopamine in Rat Mediobasal Hypothalamus as a Compensatory Mechanism in Hyperprolactinemia.
    Biochemistry (Mosc) 2017 Mar;82(3):366-372
    Koltzov Institute of Developmental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334, Russia.
    Dopamine (DA), synthesized in the mediobasal hypothalamus by dopaminergic neurons containing two enzymes of DA synthesis - tyrosine hydroxylase and decarboxylase of aromatic L-amino acids, or by monoenzymatic non-dopaminergic neurons containing one DA synthesis enzyme in cooperation, is known to have an inhibitory effect on prolactin secretion. Deterioration of this inhibitory control leads to an increase in prolactin concentration in the blood and to the development of hyperprolactinemia syndrome. In a rat model of hyperprolactinemia induced by administration of a neurotoxin causing degeneration of dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurons, the level of DA first decreases, leading to an increase in prolactin level (decompensation stage), while later both levels are restored to normal (compensation stage). Read More

    The Unexplored Crossroads of the Female Athlete Triad and Iron Deficiency: A Narrative Review.
    Sports Med 2017 Mar 13. Epub 2017 Mar 13.
    Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, 104 Noll Laboratory, University Park, PA, 16802, USA.
    Despite the severity and prevalence of iron deficiency in exercising women, few published reports have explored how iron deficiency interacts with another prevalent and severe condition in exercising women: the 'female athlete triad.' This review aims to describe how iron deficiency may interact with each component of the female athlete triad, that is, energy status, reproductive function, and bone health. The effects of iron deficiency on energy status are discussed in regards to thyroid function, metabolic fuel availability, eating behaviors, and energy expenditure. Read More

    Pregabalin-induced hyperprolactinemia in a patient with fibromyalgia: A case report.
    North Clin Istanb 2016 4;3(3):233-236. Epub 2016 Apr 4.
    Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Yeditepe University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Several pharmacological and non-pharmacological modalities have been proposed for the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS), a common rheumatic disease. Pregabalin is suggested as a first-step medication for FMS in the newest guidelines. Drowsiness, dizziness, and peripheral edema are well-known side effects of pregabalin; however, mastalgia is rarely seen. Read More

    Risperidone Induced Granulomatous Mastitis Secondary to Hyperprolactinemia in a Non-Pregnant Woman-A Rare Case Report in a Bipolar Disorder.
    J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Jan 1;11(1):FD01-FD03. Epub 2017 Jan 1.
    Postgraduate Student, Department of Pharmacology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University , Manipal, Karnataka, India .
    Idiopathic granulomatous lesion is a rare entity of the breast seen in young-middle aged women. Diagnosis and management of granulomatous lesions with known aetiology does not impose major clinical problems. However, most often these lesions are undetected or unnoticed due to lack of timely diagnosis and inappropriate management, as primarily it is idiopathic. Read More

    Partial regimen replacement with aripiprazole reduces serum prolactin in patients with a long history of schizophrenia: A case series.
    Asian J Psychiatr 2017 Feb 13;25:36-41. Epub 2016 Oct 13.
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, 5200 Kihara, Kiyotake-cho, Miyazaki-city, Miyazaki 889-1692, Japan.
    Aim: Aripiprazole (ARP) is a popular antipsychotic drug that has demonstrated ameliorative effects on hyperprolactinemia. However, no study to date has studied the utility of ARP in patients with a long history of schizophrenia and antipsychotic treatment. We therefore examined the effect of partial antipsychotic regimen replacement with ARP on hyperprolactinemia induced by chronic antipsychotic use in patients with schizophrenia. Read More

    Therapeutic effects of Schisandra chinensis on the hyperprolactinemia in rat.
    Int J Oncol 2017 Apr 17;50(4):1448-1454. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Natural Resources and Life Science, Pusan National University, Miryang‑si, Gyeongsangnam‑do, Republic of Korea.
    Prolactin (PRL) is secreted from the pituitary gland in response to eating, mating, and ovulation. Increased serum concentration of PRL during pregnancy contributes to enlargement of the mammary glands of the breasts and prepares for production of milk. However, high PRL levels derived from prolactinoma and hyperprolactinemia induce physiological disorders such as infertility and early menopause. Read More

    Hyperandrogenemia and high prolactin in congenital utero-vaginal aplasia patients.
    Reproduction 2017 May 28;153(5):555-563. Epub 2017 Feb 28.
    Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsLaboratory of Molecular Medicine, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany
    Patients with the Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) have a congenital utero-vaginal cervical aplasia, but normal or hypoplastic adnexa and develop with normal female phenotype. Some reports mostly demonstrated regular steroid hormone levels in small MRKH cohorts including single MRKH patients with hyperandrogenemia and a clinical presentationof hirsutism and acne has also been shown. Genetically a correlation of WNT4 mutations with singular MRKH patients and hyperandrogenemia was noted. Read More

    Serum prolactin revisited: parametric reference intervals and cross platform evaluation of polyethylene glycol precipitation-based methods for discrimination between hyperprolactinemia and macroprolactinemia.
    Clin Chem Lab Med 2017 Feb 25. Epub 2017 Feb 25.
    Background: Hyperprolactinemia diagnosis and treatment is often compromised by the presence of biologically inactive and clinically irrelevant higher-molecular-weight complexes of prolactin, macroprolactin. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of two macroprolactin screening regimes across commonly used automated immunoassay platforms.

    Methods: Parametric total and monomeric gender-specific reference intervals were determined for six immunoassay methods using female (n=96) and male sera (n=127) from healthy donors. Read More

    Multidisciplinary consensus on the therapeutic recommendations for iatrogenic hyperprolactinemia secondary to antipsychotics.
    Front Neuroendocrinol 2017 Apr 21;45:25-34. Epub 2017 Feb 21.
    Bipolar Disorders Program, Psychiatry Department, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, IDIBAPS, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), Barcelona, Spain.
    Hyperprolactinemia is an underappreciated/unknown adverse effects of antipsychotics. The consequences of hyperprolactinemia compromise therapeutic adherence and can be serious. We present the consensus recommendations made by a group of experts regarding the management of antipsychotic-induced hyperprolactinemia. Read More

    Effects of aripiprazole, quetiapine and ziprasidone on plasma prolactin levels in individuals with first episode nonaffective psychosis: Analysis of a randomized open-label 1year study.
    Schizophr Res 2017 Feb 17. Epub 2017 Feb 17.
    University Hospital Marqués de Valdecilla, IDIVAL, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain; CIBERSAM, Centro Investigación Biomédica en Red Salud Mental, Madrid, Spain.
    Rationale: Hyperprolactinemia is considered a troubling adverse effect of antipsychotics. Direct comparisons among second generation antipsychotics are scant in clinical practice. We hypothesize prolactin-sparing second-generation antipsychotics may have differential effects on prolactin levels and that they may be influenced by sex. Read More

    Long-term cardiac (valvulopathy) safety of cabergoline in prolactinoma.
    Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2017 Jan-Feb;21(1):154-159
    Department of Endocrinology, Seth G S Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
    Background: Clinical relevance of association of cabergoline use for hyperprolactinemia and cardiac valvulopathy remains unclear.

    Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of valvular heart abnormalities in patients taking cabergoline for the treatment of prolactinoma and to explore any associations with the cumulative dose of drug used.

    Design: A cross-sectional echocardiographic study was performed in patients who were receiving cabergoline therapy for prolactinoma. Read More

    Sex differences in prolactin levels in emerging psychosis: Indication for enhanced stress reactivity in women.
    Schizophr Res 2017 Feb 14. Epub 2017 Feb 14.
    Center for Gender Research and Early Detection, University of Basel Psychiatric Hospital, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    Background: Hyperprolactinemia is a known side effect of antipsychotics. In recent reports it has also been shown in antipsychotic-naïve at-risk mental state (ARMS) and first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients. Prolactin is not only involved in reproduction and lactation, but is also synthesized in response to stress. Read More

    [Frequency of increased thyrotropin in women with hyperprolactinemia].
    Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2017 ;55 Suppl 1:S53-S57
    División de Investigación en Salud, Hospital de Ginecoobstetricia 4 "Luis Castelazo Ayala", Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Ciudad de México, México.
    Background: Hypothyroidism has been associated to hyperprolactinemia. The aim was to establish the frequency of high thyrotropin (TSH) levels in women with hyperprolactinemia.

    Methods: Retrospective, observational, open, and non-controlled study, which included all the non-pregnant women whose prolactin (PRL) and TSH levels were measured between January 1 and December 31, 2014. Read More

    Cluster headache and macroprolactinoma: Case report of a rare, but potential important causality.
    J Clin Neurosci 2017 Jun 10;40:62-64. Epub 2017 Feb 10.
    Department of Endocrinology, Universtiy Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address:
    While headache is not an uncommon symptom in patients suffering from pituitary adenomas, cluster headache (CH) has rarely been reported in such cases. Headache associated with hyperprolactinemia has been reported to be responsive to dopamine agonists (DA agonists) in many patients. We report on a patient with refractory CH secondary to a macroprolactinoma who showed immediate and permanent clinical and radiologic recovery following medical treatment with DA agonists. Read More

    Escitalopram-Induced Amenorrhea and False Positive Urine Pregnancy Test.
    Korean J Fam Med 2017 Jan 18;38(1):40-42. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, USA.
    Escitalopram is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. A 34-year-old female patient with major depressive disorder developed amenorrhea and had a false-positive urine pregnancy test after initiation of escitalopram treatment. To our knowledge, no published case report of amenorrhea and false-positive urine pregnancy tests in women taking escitalopram exists. Read More

    Re: Myocardial Recovery in Peripartum Cardiomyopathy After Hyperprolactinemia Treatment on Biventricular Assist Device.
    ASAIO J 2017 Feb 6. Epub 2017 Feb 6.
    *Department for Cardiac Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Austria; †Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, Austria; ¶Ludwig-Boltzmann-Cluster for Cardiovascular Research, Vienna, Austria, ‡Department for Cardiovascular Anaesthesia, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.

    Toxicity assessment of molindone hydrochloride, a dopamine D2/D5 receptor antagonist in juvenile and adult rats.
    Toxicol Mech Methods 2017 Jun 20;27(5):352-362. Epub 2017 Feb 20.
    a Supernus Pharmaceuticals Inc. , Rockville , MD , USA.
    Neuroleptic drug molindone hydrochloride is a dopamine D2/D5 receptor antagonist and it is in late stage development for the treatment of impulsive aggression in children and adolescents who have attention deficient/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This new indication for this drug would expand the target population to include younger patients, and therefore, toxicity assessments in juvenile animals were undertaken in order to determine susceptibility differences, if any, between this age group and the adult rats. Adult rats were administered molindone by oral gavage for 13 weeks at dose levels of 0, 5, 20, or 60 mg/kg-bw/day. Read More

    Paliperidone for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorders - a drug safety evaluation.
    Expert Opin Drug Saf 2017 Mar 9;16(3):365-379. Epub 2017 Feb 9.
    a Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Clinical Psychopharmacology Unit , Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico , Milan , Italy.
    Introduction: Paliperidone, the major active metabolite of risperidone, is a second-generation antipsychotic that has been developed as an extended-release (ER) oral formulation and a long-acting injectable paliperidone palmitate (PP) formulation. Paliperidone has demonstrated efficacy in the reduction of acute schizophrenia symptoms and clinical benefits were maintained also in the long-term treatments. Paliperidone ER and PP are generally well tolerated with a predictable adverse event profile. Read More

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