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    794 results match your criteria Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State

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    "Diabetic striatopathy" and ketoacidosis: Report of two cases and review of literature.
    Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2017 Apr 9;128:1-5. Epub 2017 Apr 9.
    Department of Endocrinology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India. Electronic address:
    "Diabetic striatopathy" is characterized by dyskinesias with basal ganglia hyperintensities on neuroimaging. It is usually reported in elderly females with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state and rare in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Here, we report two young males with diabetic ketoacidosis presenting as striatopathy, along with review of literature. Read More

    Management of Hyperglycemic Crises: Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State.
    Med Clin North Am 2017 May;101(3):587-606
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 69 Jesse Hill Jr. Drive Southeast, 2nd Floor, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA. Electronic address:
    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are the most serious and life-threatening hyperglycemic emergencies in diabetes. DKA is more common in young people with type 1 diabetes and HHS in adult and elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Features of the 2 disorders with ketoacidosis and hyperosmolality may coexist. Read More

    Treatment of Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)/Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State (HHS): Novel Advances in the Management of Hyperglycemic Crises (UK Versus USA).
    Curr Diab Rep 2017 May;17(5):33
    Division of Endo, Metabolism & Lipids, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.
    Purpose Of Review: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are diabetic emergencies that cause high morbidity and mortality. Their treatment differs in the UK and USA. This review delineates the differences in diagnosis and treatment between the two countries. Read More

    Ascariasis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state: a surprising ultrasound finding in the emergency department.
    Int J Emerg Med 2017 Dec 21;10(1):12. Epub 2017 Mar 21.
    Emergency Department, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Kigali, University of Rwanda, Butare, Rwanda.
    Background: We report the ultrasound finding of ascariasis in a patient with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS). Although ascariasis is common in low-resource settings, there has been no previous report associating ascariasis with HHS.

    Case Presentation: A 26-year-old Rwandan man was admitted to the emergency department in coma, with a glycemia of 600 mg/dl. Read More

    Controversies in the management of hyperglycaemic emergencies in adults with diabetes.
    Metabolism 2017 Mar 25;68:43-54. Epub 2016 Nov 25.
    Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Hyperglycaemic emergencies are associated with significant morbi-mortality and healthcare costs. Management consists on fluid replacement, insulin therapy, and electrolyte correction. However, some areas of patient management remain debatable. Read More

    Predictors of Recurrent Hospital Admission for Patients Presenting With Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State.
    J Clin Med Res 2017 Jan 24;9(1):35-39. Epub 2016 Nov 24.
    University of Missouri School of Medicine, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA.
    Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) are two serious, preventable complications of diabetes mellitus. Analysis of variables associated with recurrent DKA and HHS admission has the potential to improve patient outcomes by identifying possible areas for intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential predictors of recurrent DKA or HHS admission. Read More

    A case of mediastinitis accompanied with hyperosmolar nonketotic coma.
    Turk J Emerg Med 2016 Jun 8;16(2):75-76. Epub 2016 May 8.
    Dicle University, School of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Diyarbakir, Turkey.
    Mediastinitis is a serious infection involving mediastinal spaces after cervical infections spread along the facial planes. A late diagnosis of mediastinitis may result in death. Here we present a diabetic patient suffered from mediastinit accompanied with hyperosmolar nonketotic coma. Read More

    Secular Trends in Admissions and Mortality Rates from Diabetes Mellitus in the Central Belt of Ghana: A 31-Year Review.
    PLoS One 2016 22;11(11):e0165905. Epub 2016 Nov 22.
    Directorate of Medicine, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.
    Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus is currently a leading cause of morbidity and mortality throughout the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where a significant proportion of diabetes cases are now found. Longitudinal profiling of in-patient admissions and mortality trends from diabetes provide useful insights into the magnitude of the burden of diabetes, serve as a sentinel on the state of out-patient diabetes care and provide effective tools for planning, delivering and evaluating the health care needs relating to the disease in sub-Saharan Africa.

    Objective: To evaluate the 31-year trend in diabetic admissions and mortality rates in central Ghana. Read More

    Reversible splenial lesion syndrome with a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and neuroleptic malignant syndrome caused by olanzapine.
    J Diabetes Investig 2017 May 6;8(3):392-394. Epub 2017 Jan 6.
    Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Tsukuba University Hospital Mito Clinical Education and Training Center, Mito Kyodo General Hospital, Mito, Ibaraki, Japan.
    A 27-year-old woman with panic disorder taking 20 mg olanzapine daily for 4 months was admitted to Mito Kyodo General Hospital, Mito, Ibaraki, Japan, because of disturbed consciousness with fever, hyperglycemia, hyperosmolarity and elevated creatine phosphokinase. She was diagnosed with a hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state and neuroleptic malignant syndrome. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed transiently restricted diffusion in the splenium of the corpus callosum, with a high signal intensity on diffusion-weighted imaging. Read More

    Prognostic Factors in Patients Hospitalized with Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
    Endocrinol Metab (Seoul) 2016 Sep 1;31(3):424-432. Epub 2016 Sep 1.
    Department of Medicine, King George's Medical College, Lucknow, India.
    Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is characterized by a biochemical triad of hyperglycemia, acidosis, and ketonemia. This condition is life-threatening despite improvements in diabetic care. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and biochemical prognostic markers of DKA. Read More

    Cerebral edema among adults with diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome: Incidence, characteristics, and outcomes.
    J Diabetes 2017 Feb 31;9(2):208-209. Epub 2016 Aug 31.
    Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.
    Ischemic stroke is an uncommon complication among adults with DKA, that confers a worse prognosis. Traditional risk factors for stroke including older age, stroke history, hypertension and hyperlipidemia appear to predict the risk of IS in these patients. Demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome patients, with and without cerebral edema. Read More

    Inverse relationship between ambient temperature and admissions for diabetic ketoacidosis and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state: A 14-year time-series analysis.
    Environ Int 2016 Sep 6;94:642-8. Epub 2016 Jul 6.
    Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Public Health, College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.
    This study aimed to investigate the association of admissions for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) with ambient temperature and season, respectively in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), after excluding known co-morbidities that predispose onset of acute hyperglycemia events. This was a time series correlation analysis based on medical claims of 40,084 and 33,947 episodes of admission for DKA and HHS, respectively over a 14-year period in Taiwan. These episodes were not accompanied by co-morbidities known to trigger incidence of DKA and HHS. Read More

    Diabetic emergencies - ketoacidosis, hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state and hypoglycaemia.
    Nat Rev Endocrinol 2016 Apr 19;12(4):222-32. Epub 2016 Feb 19.
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Pittsburgh, 3601 Fifth Avenue, Suite 560, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA.
    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) and hypoglycaemia are serious complications of diabetes mellitus that require prompt recognition, diagnosis and treatment. DKA and HHS are characterized by insulinopaenia and severe hyperglycaemia; clinically, these two conditions differ only by the degree of dehydration and the severity of metabolic acidosis. The overall mortality recorded among children and adults with DKA is <1%. Read More

    Myxoedema coma in the setting of hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state.
    BMJ Case Rep 2016 Jan 11;2016. Epub 2016 Jan 11.
    Anaesthesia and Critical Care, Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Lancashire, UK.
    Decompensated hypothyroidism is a rare endocrine emergency but a differential that should be considered in patients presenting critically unwell with systemic illness. We report a case of myxoedema coma in a woman presenting with respiratory failure, hypotension, hypothermia and a reduced level of consciousness, all of which are poor prognostic features in decompensated hypothyroidism. The patient was admitted to critical care for mechanical ventilation and cardiovascular support and treated with a combination of insulin, liothyronine and levothyroxine, making a good recovery. Read More

    Antipsychotic Therapy-Induced New Onset Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
    Am J Ther 2016 Nov/Dec;23(6):e1944-e1945
    1Department of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, Western Michigan University Homer Stryker M.D., School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, MI; 2Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic Health System, Mankato, MN; and 3Department of Cardiology, Michigan State University, Borgess Medical Center, Kalamazoo, MI.
    Atypical antipsychotics are very widely used for various psychiatric ailments because of their less extrapyramidal side effects. Various reports of disturbances in glucose metabolism in the form of new onset diabetes mellitus, exacerbation of preexisting diabetes mellitus, diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar nonketotic coma, acute pancreatitis, and increased adiposity have been reported. We present a case of new onset diabetic ketoacidosis in a patient without a history of glucose intolerance who was being treated with olanzapine for bipolar disorder. Read More

    Complications of hyperglycaemia with PI3K-AKT-mTOR inhibitors in patients with advanced solid tumours on Phase I clinical trials.
    Br J Cancer 2015 Dec 10;113(11):1541-7. Epub 2015 Nov 10.
    Drug Development Unit, The Institute of Cancer Research and the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.
    Background: PI3K-AKT-mTOR inhibitors (PAMi) are promising anticancer treatments. Hyperglycaemia is a mechanism-based toxicity of these agents and is becoming increasingly important with their use in larger numbers of patients.

    Methods: Retrospective case-control study comparing incidence and severity of hyperglycaemia (all grades) between a case group of 387 patients treated on 18 phase I clinical trials with PAMi (78 patients with PI3Ki, 138 with mTORi, 144 with AKTi and 27 with PI3K/mTORi) and a control group of 109 patients treated on 10 phase I clinical trials with agents not directly targeting the PAM pathway. Read More

    Case report: severe reversible cardiomyopathy associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome in the setting of diabetic hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non-ketotic syndrome.
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2015 Oct 14;15:123. Epub 2015 Oct 14.
    Department of Internal Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, School of Medicine, 3601 4th St Stop 9410, Lubbock, TX, 79416, USA.
    Background: This case study features a woman who presented with clinical and laboratory findings consistent with hyperosmolar hyperglycemic non-ketotic syndrome (HHNS), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) who was noted to have a transient decrease in myocardial function. To our knowledge, this is the first case discussing the overlapping pathophysiological mechanisms could increase susceptibility to SIRS-induced cardiomyopathy. It is imperative that this clinical question be investigated further as such a relationship may have significant clinical implications for prevention and future treatments, particularly in patients similar to the one presented in this clinical case. Read More

    Predictors and treatment outcome of hyperglycemic emergencies at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, southwest Ethiopia.
    BMC Res Notes 2015 Oct 11;8:553. Epub 2015 Oct 11.
    Departments of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
    Background: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) commonly known as hyperglycemic emergencies are the two most common life-threatening acute metabolic complications of diabetes. The objective of this study is to assess predictors and treatment outcome of hyperglycemic emergencies (HEs) among diabetic patients admitted to Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH).

    Methods: It is a three year retrospective review of medical records of patients admitted with HEs at JUSH. Read More

    Diabetes in older people.
    Clin Med (Lond) 2015 Oct;15(5):465-7
    University Hospital Aintree, Liverpool, UK.
    The management of diabetes in older people is often challenging and poorly researched. The prevalence of cognitive impairment, chronic kidney disease and other co-existing comorbidities increase with age and have a significant impact on glycaemic control targets and treatment options. This conference examined current clinical practice, highlighted differences in the management of diabetes in the older person and suggested potential areas of future research. Read More

    Hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar syndrome in children: Patient characteristics, diagnostic delays and associated complications.
    J Paediatr Child Health 2016 Jan 30;52(1):80-4. Epub 2015 Jul 30.
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina, United States.
    Aims: The aim of this study was to describe the demographical and clinical characteristics, diagnostic difficulties, and morbidity and mortality in children with hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS).

    Methods: Retrospective cross-section descriptive study of children (<18 years of age) at an urban, tertiary, academic Children's Hospital diagnosed with HHS from January 2002 to December 2011.

    Results: Six patients met inclusion criteria for the diagnosis of HHS. Read More

    Urinary incontinence a first presentation of central pontine myelinolysis: a case report.
    Age Ageing 2015 Sep 23;44(5):898-900. Epub 2015 Jul 23.
    Ipswich Hospital, Ipswich, UK.
    An 84-year-old lady was treated for hyperosmolar hyperglycaemia with IV insulin, fluids and catheterisation for fluid balance monitoring. Trial without catheter failed as the patient complained of new-onset urinary incontinence and lack of awareness of bladder filling. In light of her breast cancer history, we excluded cauda equina. Read More

    Subsequent mortality after hyperglycemic crisis episode in the non-elderly: a national population-based cohort study.
    Endocrine 2016 Jan 27;51(1):72-82. Epub 2015 Jun 27.
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, No.1, Daxue Rd., East Dist., Tainan City, 701, Taiwan.
    Hyperglycemic crisis episodes (HCEs)-diabetic ketoacidosis and the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state-are the most serious acute metabolic complications of diabetes. We aimed to investigate the subsequent mortality after HCE in the non-elderly diabetic which is still unclear. This retrospective national population-based cohort study reviewed, in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database, data from 23,079 non-elder patients (≤65 years) with new-onset diabetes between 2000 and 2002: 7693 patients with HCE and 15,386 patients without HCE (1:2). Read More

    [Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state].
    Vnitr Lek 2015 May;61(5):451-7
    The hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) is a serious acute complication of diabetes decompensation, especially in type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and with critical prognosis. Primary characteristics of HHS include extreme hyperglycemia, severe dehydration (with prerenal hyperazotaemia), plasma hyperosmolarity, frequent disorders of consciousness, absent or minimum ketoacidosis (with higher values, only found in combined forms). Both DKA and HHS have a common pathogenetic mechanism, but both states are opposite extreme deviations, and the boundaries between them are not entirely clear. Read More

    Presentation of youth with type 2 diabetes in the Pediatric Diabetes Consortium.
    Pediatr Diabetes 2016 06 8;17(4):266-73. Epub 2015 May 8.
    Pediatric Endocrinology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
    Objective: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in youth is recognized as a pediatric disease, but few reports describe the characteristics during diagnosis. We describe the clinical presentation of 503 youth with T2D.

    Methods: The Pediatric Diabetes Consortium (PDC) T2D Clinic Registry enrolled T2D participants from eight pediatric diabetes centers in the USA. Read More

    Prolonged hypernatremia triggered by hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state with coma: A case report.
    World J Nephrol 2015 May;4(2):319-23
    Darlene Vigil, Yijuan Sun, Antonios H Tzamaloukas, Karen S Servilla, Nephrology Section, Medicine Service, Raymond G Murphy Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM 87108, United States.
    A man with past lithium use for more than 15 years, but off lithium for two years and not carrying the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus or nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), presented with coma and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS). Following correction of HHS, he developed persistent hypernatremia accompanied by large volumes of urine with low osmolality and no response to desmopressin injections. Urine osmolality remained < 300 mOsm/kg after injection of vasopressin. Read More

    Disequilibrium syndrome and prevention in nonhemodialysis patients.
    Am J Med Sci 2015 May;349(5):438-41
    Departments of Internal Medicine (FKL, ARK), Pulmonary Medicine (Critical Care and Sleep) (YY), and Nephrology (DM, SV), University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, Ohio.
    Disequilibrium syndrome (DS) is a central nervous system disorder described in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The authors present 4 cases of elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN); the first patient passed away from suspected DS, whereas the other 3 patients were identified as having a high risk of developing DS on the basis of their BUN. The authors tried to lower their BUN slowly and prevent rapid correction by different methods. Read More

    Type 2 diabetes presenting with hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state in an adolescent renal transplant patient.
    BMJ Case Rep 2015 Feb 20;2015. Epub 2015 Feb 20.
    Department of Diabetes & Endocrinology, Oxford Children's Hospital, Oxford, UK.
    Hyperglycaemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) is a life-threatening condition rarely seen in paediatrics. It is becoming increasingly recognised with the growing incidence of childhood type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We present a 16-year-old boy with Bardet-Biedl syndrome, with comorbidities including chronic renal impairment requiring renal transplant, isolated growth hormone (GH) deficiency and obesity, who presented on routine follow-up with new onset T2DM and in HHS. Read More

    Expedited diagnosis and management of inpatient hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome.
    J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2015 Aug 30;27(8):426-32. Epub 2015 Jan 30.
    Department of Glycemic Control, St. Vicents Health System, Birmingham, Alabama.
    Purpose: This practice improvement project was formulated to determine accuracy rate in differentiating between two hyperglycemic crises (diabetes ketoacidosis [DKA] and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome [HHNKS]) in a clinical population of individuals who manifested hyperglycemia and diabetes mellitus (DM). We hypothesized that HHNKS was commonly misdiagnosed as DKA. Our primary aim was to determine frequency of correct HHNKS diagnoses. Read More

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