Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2016 Dec 7. Epub 2016 Dec 7.
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, New Horizon Dental College and Research Institute, Sakri, Bilaspur, India.
Botulinum toxin is a polypeptide protoxin synthesized by Clostridium botulinum that results in localized reduction of muscle activity by inhibiting acetylcholine release at the neuromuscular junction. In 2004, the US Food and Drug Administration approved its application in the treatment of various medical conditions, such as facial wrinkles, strabismus, cervical dystonia, blepharospasm, and hyperhidrosis. Later, its application extended to improving dental esthetics and gummy smile. Read More