20,226 results match your criteria Hypercalcemia


Gynecological neoplasms associated with paraneoplastic hypercalcemia.

Authors:
D Lim E Oliva

Semin Diagn Pathol 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Approximately 5% of gynecological malignancies are associated with paraneoplastic hypercalcemia. Awareness of its association with certain tumor types allows for earlier disease detection and facilitates monitoring of treatment response and disease recurrence. We review the salient clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis and management issues in some of these gynecological tumors, namely: small cell carcinoma, hypercalcemic type; ovarian clear cell carcinoma, dysgerminoma and juvenile granulosa cell tumors. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.semdp.2019.01.003DOI Listing
February 2019

Limited clinical utility of intraoperative frozen section during parathyroidectomy for treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism.

Am J Surg 2019 Feb 5. Epub 2019 Feb 5.

Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia & St Paul's Hospital, C303-1081, Burrard Street, Vancouver, BC, V6Z 1Y6, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: This study's objective was to evaluate the utility of intraoperative frozen section (IFS) performed during parathyroidectomy for treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), and to identify patients for whom it is most helpful.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was carried out for all patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for treatment of PHP between January 2013 and June 2018.

Results: 262 patients made up the final study population. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2019.01.032DOI Listing
February 2019

Evaluation of endothelial function and diastolic function in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism before and after parathyroidectomy.

Cir Cir 2019 ;87(2):196-204

Unidad de Investigación en Endocrinología Experimental. Hospital de Especialidades Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI. Ciudad de México, México.

Introduction: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is the leading cause of outpatient hypercalcemia associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The flow-mediated vasodilation (FMV) has been proposed as a non-invasive method for assessing endothelial function.

Objective: To compare the endothelial dysfunction measured by FMV and diastolic dysfunction in patients with PHPT before and after parathyroidectomy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.24875/CIRU.18000520DOI Listing
January 2019

Hypercalcaemic Crisis Due to Primary Hyperparathyroidism: Report of Two Cases.

J Crit Care Med (Targu Mures) 2019 Jan 4;5(1):34-39. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology of Târgu Mureş, Romania.

Introduction: A hypercalcaemic crisis, also called para thyrotoxicosis, hyper parathyroid crisis or parathyroid storm, is a complication of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and an endocrinology emergency that can have dramatic or even fatal consequences if it is not recognised and treated in time.

Case Presentation: Two cases presented in the emergency department with critical hypercalcaemic symptoms and severe elevation of serum calcium and parathyroid hormone levels, consistent with a hypercalcaemic crisis. The first case, a 16-year-old female patient, had imaging data that highlighted a single right inferior parathyroid adenoma and a targeted surgical approach was used. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/jccm-2019-0004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6369571PMC
January 2019

Efficacy and Safety of 90,000 IU versus 300,000 IU Single Dose Oral Vitamin D in Nutritional Rickets: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Indian J Endocrinol Metab 2018 Nov-Dec;22(6):760-765

Department of Radiology, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya, Geeta Colony, New Delhi, India.

Aim: To compare efficacy and safety of 90,000 IU versus 300,000 IU oral single dose vitamin D for treatment of nutritional rickets.

Study Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Tertiary care hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijem.IJEM_84_18DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6330863PMC
February 2019

Fluconazole as a New Therapeutic Tool to Manage Patients With NPTIIc (SLC34A3) Mutation: A Case Report.

Am J Kidney Dis 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Centre de Référence des Maladies Rénales Rares, filière ORKID, Service de Néphrologie, Rhumatologie et Dermatologie Pédiatriques; Centre de Référence des Maladies Rares du Calcium et du Phosphate, filière OSCAR; Faculté de Médecine Lyon Est, Université Lyon 1, Lyon; INSERM 1033, Prévention des Maladies Osseuses, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Mutations in the SLC34A3 gene, encoding the sodium/phosphate cotransporter 2C (NPTIIc), induce decreased renal phosphate reabsorption, hypophosphatemia, decreased fibroblast growth factor 23 and parathyroid hormone, and increased 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH]D) levels. The complete phenotype is characterized by hypophosphatemia, hypercalciuria, and nephrolithiasis/nephrocalcinosis, leading to chronic kidney disease and osteoporosis in adults. We report a 15-year-old boy referred for nephrocalcinosis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.12.026DOI Listing
February 2019

Factors associated with glomerular filtration rate variation in primary hyperparathyroidism after parathyroidectomy

Turk J Med Sci 2019 Feb 11;49(1):295-300. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Background/aim: Prolonged hypercalcemia impairs renal function, and a reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is typical in advanced primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). There are scarce data related to predictors of renal impairment in patients with PHPT. Hence, we aimed to evaluate changes in kidney function in PHPT patients after parathyroidectomy (PTX) and identify factors associated with GFR variation in these patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3906/sag-1806-181DOI Listing
February 2019

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome due to hypercalcaemia: a rare cause.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Feb 11;12(2). Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinico-radiological entity described by Hinchey in late 90's, characterised by variable associations of seizure activity, consciousness impairment ranging from confusion to coma, headaches, visual abnormalities, nausea/vomiting and focal neurological signs. Common causes are accelerated hypertension, eclampsia, preeclampsia, cytotoxic drug use and autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus erythematosus.We report a case of PRES in a 62-year-old female patient due to hypercalcemia secondary to vitamin D toxicity on treatment with calcium supplements and vitamin D for secondary hypoparathyroidism. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2017-223415DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

A Phase I, Multicenter, Dose-Escalation Study of the Oral Selective FGFR inhibitor Debio 1347 in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors Harboring FGFR Gene Alterations.

Clin Cancer Res 2019 Feb 11. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center.

Purpose: To investigate tolerability, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics/-dynamics (PK/PD) of Debio 1347, a selective fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) Inhibitor.

Experimental Design: This was a first-in-human, multicenter, open-label study in patients with advanced solid tumors harboring FGFR1-3 gene alterations. Eligible patients received oral Debio 1347 at escalating doses once daily until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-1959DOI Listing
February 2019

[Recurrence prevention for urinary stone disease. Part II.The factors associated with increase in incidence of urinary stone disease. Current views on the mechanisms of stone formation (continuation)].

Urologiia 2018 Dec(6):131-138

FGAOU VO I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Urinary stone disease is one of the most actively progressing diseases, which are associated with metabolic disturbances and are influenced by the genetic, environmental factors and lifestyle \. In the article the current views on initiation factors of stone formation and theories of stone formation are reviewed. The factors that play an important role in the activation and inhibition of nucleation and aggregation of stone-forming substances are discussed. Read More

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December 2018
1 Read

A Familial Case of a Whole Germline CDC73 Deletion Discordant for Primary Hyperparathyroidism.

Horm Res Paediatr 2019 Feb 8:1-8. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo,

Introduction: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) occurs as part of familial syndromes, including CDC73-related disorders caused by germline pathogenic variants of the CDC73 gene, particularly in early adulthood. Herein, we report a familial case of a whole germline CDC73 deletion discordant for PHPT.

Case Description: A 15-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital because of persistent nausea and vomiting. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000495800DOI Listing
February 2019
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[Clinical Analysis of Serum Calcium Level in 86 Cases of Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2019 Feb;27(1):104-109

Department of Hematology, The First Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu Province, China.E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the serum calcium level in 86 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) and its correlation with clinical features.

Methods: The clinical data of 86 patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in our hospital from 2009 to 2016 were retrospectively analyed. Clinical data of sex, age, hemoglobin, albumin, globulin, creatinine, uric acid, serum phosphorus, β2-microglobulin, immunophenotyping and disease staging were collected. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2019.01.017DOI Listing
February 2019
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Acute Kidney Injury Secondary to Hypercalcemia in a Kidney Transplant Patient With Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2019 Jan - Feb;51(1):220-222. Epub 2018 Jun 30.

Renal Transplant Unit, AO Brotzu, Cagliari, Italy.

Background: Persistent hyperparathyroidism is one of the main causes of hypercalcemia following kidney transplantation; differential diagnosis is required.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 61-year-old kidney transplant recipient who underwent transplant in September 2016. She was admitted in March 2017 presenting with a 3-week history of asthenia, hypotension, and cough. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2018.04.077DOI Listing
June 2018
1 Read

Inpatient management of hypercalcemia portends a poor prognosis among gynecologic oncology patients: A trigger to initiate hospice care?

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2019 May 26;28:1-5. Epub 2019 Jan 26.

Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA.

We aim to describe survival outcomes of gynecologic oncology inpatients treated with intravenous bisphosphonates for hypercalcemia and develop a risk stratification model that predicts decreased survival to aid with goals of care discussion. In a single-center, retrospective cohort study of gynecologic oncology patients admitted for bisphosphonate therapy for hypercalcemia. Survival from hypercalcemia to death was assessed by Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gore.2019.01.005DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6357846PMC
May 2019
1 Read

Cinacalcet therapy in an infant with an R185Q calcium-sensing receptor mutation causing hyperparathyroidism: a case report and review of the literature.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2019 Feb 7. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background Neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism (NSHPT) is commonly treated with either parathyroidectomy or pharmacologic agents with varying efficacy and numerous side effects. Reports of using cinacalcet for NSHPT have increased, however, the effective dose for pediatric patients from the onset of symptoms through infancy has not been established. Case presentation We describe the clinical course of a newborn with a de novo R185Q mutation in the calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) gene, causing NSHPT. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/jpem-2018-0307DOI Listing
February 2019
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Survival differences in multiple myeloma in Latin America and Asia: a comparison involving 3664 patients from regional registries.

Ann Hematol 2019 Feb 6. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, USA.

In previous observational studies, we have separately characterized patients with multiple myeloma (MM) both from Latin America (LA) and from Asia. Here, we analyze these two datasets jointly, in order to assess the overall survival (OS) in these two world regions. Data were available from 3664 patients (1968 from LA and 1696 from Asia); all of whom diagnosed between 1998 and 2007. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-019-03602-4DOI Listing
February 2019
8 Reads

Three Sisters With Heterozygous Gene Variants of Maternal Hypercalcemia, New-Onset Hypertension, and Neonatal Hypoglycemia.

J Endocr Soc 2019 Feb 17;3(2):387-396. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Gene variants of , which encodes the enzyme 24-hydroxylase, are a most unusual cause of maternal hypercalcemia. Loss-of-function mutations in result in impaired dehydroxylation of active vitamin D (calcitriol). Secondary to this hypercalcemia, hypercalciuria and suppressed parathyroid hormone (P-PTH) can develop. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/js.2018-00337DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6356119PMC
February 2019
1 Read

Silicone-Induced Granulomatous Reaction Causing Severe Hypercalcemia: Case Report and Literature Review.

Case Rep Nephrol 2019 8;2019:9126172. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, St. Elizabeth Health Center, Youngstown, Ohio, USA.

A 67-year-old woman presented to the hospital with complaints of abdominal pain. Physical exam was significant for signs of severe dehydration, mild epigastric tenderness and multiple non-tender hard nodules over her arms and thighs. Incidental finding of severe hypercalcemia led to negative workups for hyperparathyroidism, vitamin D intoxication, and malignancy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9126172DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6341244PMC
January 2019
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BIOCHEMICAL DYNAMICS OF UNTREATED PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM: AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY.

Endocr Pract 2019 Jan 18. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Objective: The natural biochemical history of untreated primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of biochemical fluctuations in patients with PHPT.

Design: Retrospective cohort study from January 1, 1995 to December 31, 2014. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4158/EP-2018-0489DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

A Reversible Gastric Uptake of Bone Scintigraphy in a Patient with Hypercalcemia.

Intern Med 2019 Feb 1. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Renal Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Iwata City Hospital, Japan.

Hypercalcemia is a severe complication in cases of vitamin D intoxication that can result in metastatic calcification. We herein report a female case with hypercalcemia due to eldecalcitol administration associated with the increased uptake of technetium-hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (Tc-HMDP) as the bone-scanning agent in the stomach. A histologic assessment using biopsy specimens identified metastatic calcification of the stomach. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2169/internalmedicine.2115-18DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Managing thymic enlargement in Graves' disease.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2019 Jan 31;2019. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Centre for Endocrine and Diabetes Sciences, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK.

Thymic enlargement (TE) in Graves' disease (GD) is often diagnosed incidentally when chest imaging is done for unrelated reasons. This is becoming more common as the frequency of chest imaging increases. There are currently no clear guidelines for managing TE in GD. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/EDM-18-0119DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6365683PMC
January 2019
4 Reads

Malignant melanoma with indiscoverable skin manifestations presenting with paresis and refractory hypercalcemia: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Feb;98(5):e14107

Department of Orthopedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Shuaifuyuan 1#, Beijing 100730, P. R. China.

Rationale: Malignant melanoma with indiscoverable skin manifestations is unusual and refractory hypercalcemia with high metabolic signal of the rectum as initial manifestation is very rare.

Patient Concerns: We present a case that presented with paresis, nausea, and vomiting.

Diagnoses: Malignant melanoma with spinal metastasis. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014107DOI Listing
February 2019
2 Reads

Cardiovascular adverse events in multiple myeloma patients.

J Thorac Dis 2018 Dec;10(Suppl 35):S4296-S4305

Department of Cardiology, Angiology, and Pneumology, Internal Medicine III, University Hospital Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Multiple myeloma is a malignant disease, caused by an uncontrolled clonal proliferation of a specific group of white blood cells, the plasma cells. Clinical manifestations include bone pain due to osteolysis, hypercalcemia, anemia, and renal insufficiency. Proteasome inhibitors have substantially improved survival of patients suffering from multiple myeloma, providing an efficient treatment option mainly for relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2018.09.87DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6328391PMC
December 2018
1 Read

Non Secretory Multiple Myeloma With HCV Infection: A Rare Case Entity.

Iran J Pathol 2018 17;13(2):281-284. Epub 2018 Jul 17.

Baba Farid University of Health Sciences, Faridkot, India.

Multiple Myeloma is a neoplasm of B cell lineage characterized by excessive proliferation of abnormal plasma cells. It is characterized by a clinical pentad of 1) anemia, 2) a monoclonal protein in the serum or the urine or both, 3) bone leisons and or bone pain, 4) hypercalcemia>11.5g/dl and 5) renal insufficiency. Read More

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339487PMC
July 2018
3 Reads

Dwarfs and Giants of Parathyroid Adenomas-No Difference in Outcome After Parathyroidectomy.

J Surg Res 2019 Jan 25;237:56-60. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Endocrine Surgery, Churchill Cancer Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

Backgroud: This study compares the outcome of parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in patients whose adenomas' weights were at the extremes of the distribution curve. As the size of parathyroid adenomas influences the success rate of localization studies for PHPT, it is possible that a difference in cure rate could be observed between subgroups of patients.

Materials And Methods: Data were retrieved from a prospective database maintained in a large university hospital. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2018.12.021DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Effect of Short-Term Vitamin D Supplementation on Calcium Status in Vitamin D Insufficient Renal Transplant Recipients at Risk of Hypercalcemia.

J Ren Nutr 2019 Jan 25. Epub 2019 Jan 25.

Department of Renal Medicine, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland; HRB Clinical Research Facility, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Objective: Vitamin D insufficiency is highly prevalent among renal transplant recipients and in observational studies is associated with adverse outcomes. Hypercalcemia, usually due to persistent hyperparathyroidism, also commonly occurs in this population and often coexists with vitamin D insufficiency. However, concern that vitamin D supplementation might exacerbate the pre-existing hypercalcemia often leads clinicians to avoid vitamin D supplementation in such patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.jrn.2018.11.012DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

The Association Between Serum Calcium Levels and Short-Term Mortality in Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.

Am J Med 2019 Feb 26;132(2):200-208.e1. Epub 2018 Oct 26.

Department of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark; Unit of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark.

Background: Patients with chronic heart failure have vulnerable myocardial function and are susceptible to electrolyte disturbances. In these patients, diuretic treatment is frequently prescribed, though it is known to cause electrolyte disturbances. Therefore, we investigated the association between altered calcium homeostasis and the risk of all-cause mortality in chronic heart failure patients. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjmed.2018.10.006DOI Listing
February 2019
1 Read

Abaloparatide: A new pharmacological option for osteoporosis.

Am J Health Syst Pharm 2019 Jan;76(3):130-135

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Presbyterian College School of Pharmacy, Clinton, SC.

Purpose: The efficacy and safety of abaloparatide, a parathyroid hormone-related protein analog for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high fracture risk, is reviewed.

Summary: A MEDLINE search was conducted for full text English-language articles, using the terms abaloparatide, parathyroid hormone, and osteoporosis. Published articles pertinent to the short- and long-term efficacy and safety of abaloparatide among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were reviewed and summarized. Read More

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https://academic.oup.com/ajhp/article/76/3/130/5290437
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajhp/zxy022DOI Listing
January 2019
4 Reads

The role of combined techniques of scintigraphy and SPECT/CT in the diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2019 Jan;98(4):e14154

"Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, Romania.

Rationale: Primary hyperparathyroidism, usually as a result of a hyperfunctioning parathyroid gland, represents more than 90% cases of patients evaluated for hypercalcemia. Combined techniques of preoperative scintigraphy and SPECT/CT serve as a successful minimally-invasive parathyroidectomy. This recent imaging method provides four-dimensional functional images with advanced contrast resolution which greatly facilitates preoperative localization of parathyroid adenomas. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000014154DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6358356PMC
January 2019
1 Read

Clinical features at transformation in adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma with smoldering and chronic types.

Int J Hematol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Hematology, Nagasaki University Hospital, 1-7-1 Sakamoto, Nagasaki, 852-8501, Japan.

Watchful waiting (WW) is among the treatment options indicated for patients with indolent adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL). However, we previously showed that the long-term prognosis of patients with smoldering and chronic ATL is often worse than expected, with many undergoing transformation to aggressive ATL. To identify clinical features associated with transformation of smoldering/chronic ATL, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical features of 44 patients (14 smoldering and 30 chronic) who experienced transformation during WW. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12185-019-02602-4DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Meeting report of the "Symposium on kidney stones and mineral metabolism: calcium kidney stones in 2017".

J Nephrol 2019 Jan 24. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, and Charles and Jane Pak Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

A symposium on kidney stones and mineral metabolism held on December 2017 in Brussels, Belgium was the first international multidisciplinary conference of the International Collaborative Network on Kidney Stones and Mineral Metabolism. This meeting addressed epidemiology, underlying pathophysiological mechanisms, genetics, pathological, as well as clinical and research topics. The participants included clinicians and recognized experts in the field from Europe and the United States interacted closely during the symposium which promoted a chance to explore new frontiers in the field of kidney stone disease. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40620-019-00587-1DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

US-guided microwave ablation for secondary hyperparathyroidism in patients after renal transplantation: a pilot study.

Int J Hyperthermia 2019 Jan 24:1-6. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

b Interventional Ultrasound Center , China-Japan Friendship Hospital , Beijing , China.

Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of ultrasound-guided microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of patients who develop secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) after renal transplantation (RT).

Methods: In total, nine patients, each with symptomatic SHPT caused by RT and at least one enlarged parathyroid gland, underwent MWA via hydrodissection. Intact parathyroid hormone (i-PTH), serum calcium, serum phosphorus, creatinine and blood urea nitrogen concentrations, before and after MWA, were assessed and compared. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02656736.2019.1566580DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Primary isolated hepatosplenic sarcoidosis mimicking malignancy and causing symptomatic hypercalcaemia.

BMJ Case Rep 2019 Jan 22;12(1). Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, USA.

This is a case of a 67-year-old woman, known to have multiple medical problems, mainly papillary thyroid cancer status post-total thyroidectomy and cervical neck dissection in addition to radioactive iodine currently in remission for 1 year, who presented to the hospital with severe weakness and fatigue. The initial workup showed significant hypercalcaemia and suppressed Parathyroid hormone (PTH). The patient was treated with hydration and pamidronate and her hypercalcaemia and symptoms improved. Read More

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http://casereports.bmj.com/lookup/doi/10.1136/bcr-2018-22770
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2018-227703DOI Listing
January 2019
7 Reads

Perioperative characteristics, histological diagnosis, and outcome in cats undergoing surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism.

Vet Surg 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

VCA Canada-404 Veterinary Emergency and Referral, Newmarket, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: To report perioperative characteristics, complications, histopathologic diagnosis and outcome in cats undergoing surgical treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT).

Study Design: Multi-institutional, retrospective case series.

Animals: Thirty-two client-owned cats. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/vsu.13165DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads
1.041 Impact Factor

The use of cinacalcet for the treatment of calciphylaxis in patients with chronic kidney disease: A comprehensive review.

Australas J Dermatol 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Dermatology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Calciphylaxis is a rare but life-threatening condition, most commonly affecting patients with stage 4 or 5 chronic kidney disease. No universally accepted therapy exists so far. In an attempt to avoid surgical intervention with parathyroidectomy, which is of questionable efficacy and carries several risks, a number of noninvasive treatments have been trialled with variable success. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ajd.12992DOI Listing
January 2019
2 Reads

Leishmaniosis in a dog with no travel history outside of the UK.

Vet Rec 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Section of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

A 3-year-old male neutered Shih Tzu cross was presented for investigation of a three-week history of weight loss, seborrhoea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Initial clinicopathological findings included pancytopenia, mild hypercalcaemia and marked hyperglobulinaemia. Subsequent bone marrow and skin biopsies revealed the presence of amastigotes. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.105157DOI Listing
January 2019
1 Read

Management of familial hyperparathyroidism syndromes: MEN1, MEN2, MEN4, HPT-Jaw tumour, Familial isolated hyperparathyroidism, FHH, and neonatal severe hyperparathyroidism.

Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 28;32(6):861-875. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

EndOsMet, Endocrinology and Metabolic Bone Diseases Branch, Villa Donatello Private Hospital, Firenze, Italy; Endocrinology, Villa Alba Clinic, Villa Maria Group, Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

While primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) generally represents a common endocrine disorder, being the more frequent cause of hypercalcemia in outpatients, familial forms of PHPT (FPHPT) account for no more than 2-5% of the overall PHPT. In the last decades, many technical progresses in both molecular and biochemical-radiological evaluation have been made, and substantial advancements in understanding these disorders have been reached. Differences both in the pathogenesis and clinical presentation exist among the various hyperparathyroid syndromic forms, and, since FPHPT is frequently associated to other endocrine, proliferative and/or functional disorders, as also non-endocrine tumours, with varying clinical spectrum of occurrence in each syndrome, its early clinically detection for appropriately preventing complications (i. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2018.09.010DOI Listing
December 2018
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Non-surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism.

Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 2018 Dec 28;32(6):821-835. Epub 2018 Sep 28.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy. Electronic address:

The purpose of this chapter is to discuss the options available for patients with primary hyperparathyrodism (PHPT) not undergoing parathyroidectomy (PTx). Adequate hydration should be recommended in all patients. Calcium intake should not be restricted and vitamin D deficiency should be corrected aiming at a serum concentration of 25OHD of >20 ng/mL or even higher (>30 ng/mL according to some opinion leaders). Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beem.2018.09.006DOI Listing
December 2018
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Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw after long-term bisphosphonate treatment in a cat.

J Vet Intern Med 2019 Jan 21. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Columbus, Ohio.

A 12-year-old, neutered female, domestic medium hair cat was evaluated for a nonhealing, oral mucosal ulceration. The cat had a history of idiopathic hypercalcemia that had been treated with a bisphosphonate for 41 months. Oral examination identified exposed maxillary bone adjacent to a previous extraction site. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jvim.15409DOI Listing
January 2019
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An In-Depth Look at Small Cell Carcinoma of the Ovary, Hypercalcemic Type (SCCOHT): Clinical Implications from Recent Molecular Findings.

J Cancer 2019 1;10(1):223-237. Epub 2019 Jan 1.

Department of Surgical Pathology, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, PR China.

Small cell carcinoma of the ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) is a highly aggressive cancer in young women. The histogenesis remains unclear although a potential origin of germ cells has been suggested recently. The high throughput next generation sequencing techniques have facilitated the identification of inactivating SMARCA4 mutations as the driver of SCCOHT. Read More

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http://www.jcancer.org/v10p0223.htm
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7150/jca.26978DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6329856PMC
January 2019
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Use of Bisphosphonates in Elderly Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma.

J Natl Compr Canc Netw 2019 Jan;17(1):22-28

Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Department of Biostatistics, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health; Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons; Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health; and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.

Bisphosphonates reduce skeletal-related events (SREs) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and, in some studies, improved survival. Since 2011, bisphosphonate use has been recommended by NCCN for all patients with newly diagnosed MM receiving antineoplastic therapy independent of the presence of bone disease. This study investigated their use after these guidelines were established. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.6004/jnccn.2018.7079DOI Listing
January 2019
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[Hypermagnesemia of ionized magnesium in 199 dogs - A hospital population-based study on prevalence, etiology and prognosis with special emphasis on kidney disease and the measurement of total magnesium].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2018 Dec 18;46(6):370-379. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and etiology of an increased concentration of ionized magnesium (iMg) in dogs and to evaluate its prognostic relevance.

Materials And Methods: From April 2009 to December 2013, serum electrolytes were measured in 9950 dogs using an ion-selective electrode. Inclusion criterion was an iMg concentration ≥ 0. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1677389DOI Listing
December 2018
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Revised Adult T-Cell Leukemia-Lymphoma International Consensus Meeting Report.

J Clin Oncol 2019 Jan 18:JCO1800501. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

23 The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: Adult T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATL) is a distinct mature T-cell malignancy caused by chronic infection with human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 with diverse clinical features and prognosis. ATL remains a challenging disease as a result of its diverse clinical features, multidrug resistance of malignant cells, frequent large tumor burden, hypercalcemia, and/or frequent opportunistic infection. In 2009, we published a consensus report to define prognostic factors, clinical subclassifications, treatment strategies, and response criteria. Read More

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http://ascopubs.org/doi/10.1200/JCO.18.00501
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.18.00501DOI Listing
January 2019
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Parathyroidectomy in dialysis patients: Indications, methods, and consequences.

Semin Dial 2019 Jan 17. Epub 2019 Jan 17.

Maimónides Institute for Biomedical Research (IMIBIC), Córdoba, Spain.

Secondary hyperparathyroidism, characterized by increased PTH synthesis and secretion, is often seen in advanced stages of chronic kidney disease. Excessive proliferation of parathyroid cells leads to the development of diffuse hyperplasia that subsequently progresses to nodular histology. Refractory hyperparathyroidism occurs when parathyroid glands fail to respond to medical therapy. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/sdi.12772DOI Listing
January 2019
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A patient with solid gynecologic cancer causing lactic acidosis, severe hypercalcemia, and hypoglycemia.

Clin Case Rep 2019 Jan 12;7(1):64-70. Epub 2018 Nov 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Emergencies and Critical Care Oslo University Hospital Oslo Norway.

Though rare in cervical cancer patients, paraneoplastic syndrome usually presents with several endocrine and hormonal symptoms. Knowledge of the pathophysiology that underlies these abnormalities is beneficial to diagnosis and treatment. An interdisciplinary approach and test analysis prior to initiating specific treatment is recommended, though prognosis appears poor in advanced cases. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccr3.1904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6332744PMC
January 2019
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Analgesic effects of calcitonin on radicular pain in male rats.

J Pain Res 2019 3;12:223-230. Epub 2019 Jan 3.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060-0061, Japan,

Purpose: Radicular pain is a frequently observed symptom of lumbar disk herniation or lumbar spinal canal stenosis. Achieving radicular pain relief is difficult. This type of pain may progress to chronic neuropathic pain. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S185233DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6322709PMC
January 2019
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Pharmacokinetic interaction of calcitriol with 20(S)-protopanaxadiol in mice: Determined by LC/MS analysis.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2019 Jan 14;130:173-180. Epub 2019 Jan 14.

The Vancouver Prostate Centre at Vancouver General Hospital, 2660 Oak Street, Vancouver, BC V6H 3Z6, Canada; Department of Experimental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada; Department of Urologic Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C., Canada. Electronic address:

The physiological and anti-cancer functions of vitamin D are accomplished primarily via 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (calcitriol), whereas 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (aPPD) is a ginsenoside, which is isolated from Panax ginseng, with potential anti-cancer benefits. In the present study, we report a pharmacokinetic (PK) herb-nutrient interaction between calcitriol and aPPD in mice. A liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC/MS) method was developed using 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione derivatizing agent and we subsequently used the method to quantitate calcitriol in mouse serum. Read More

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2019.01.016DOI Listing
January 2019
3 Reads