1,205 results match your criteria Hyperamylasemia

[Cardiovascular and metabolic toxicity secondary to sorafenib].

Hipertens Riesgo Vasc 2022 Jun 16. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Unidad de Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular, Servicio de Medicina Interna. Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Granada, España.

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are a family of chemotherapy drugs used in first and second line for many solid and hematological neoplasms. Its toxicity is relatively low, since the mechanism of action is based on the inhibition of some tyrosine kinases involved in the explosion of neoplastic cells. However, this blockade is not selective, so it can produce secondary effects. Read More

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Single-incision versus four-incision laparoscopic transfistulous bile duct exploration for Mirizzi syndrome type II.

Surg Endosc 2022 Jun 13. Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Anesthesiology, Hsinchu MacKay Memorial Hospital, No.690, Sec. 2, Guangfu Road, Hsinchu City, Taiwan.

Background: We developed laparoscopic transfistulous bile duct exploration (LTBDE) for Mirizzi syndrome (MS) McSherry type II in September 2011. Then, single-incision LTBDE (SILTBDE) was adopted as a preferred technique since August 2013. This retrospective study aims to analyze the outcome of LTBDE in 7. Read More

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Digital single-operator cholangioscopy for biliary stricture after cadaveric liver transplantation.

World J Gastrointest Oncol 2022 May;14(5):1037-1049

Department of Gastroenterology, Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China.

Background: Biliary strictures after liver transplantation (LT) remain clinically arduous and challenging situations, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been considered as the gold standard for the management of biliary strictures after LT. Nevertheless, in the treatment of biliary strictures after LT with ERCP, many studies show that there is a large variation in diagnostic accuracy and therapeutic success rate. Digital single-operator peroral cholangioscopy (DSOC) is considered a valuable diagnostic modality for indeterminate biliary strictures. Read More

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Postoperative serum hyperamylasemia (POH) predicts additional morbidity after pancreatoduodenectomy: It is not all about pancreatic fistula.

Surgery 2022 May 27. Epub 2022 May 27.

Department of General and Pancreatic Surgery-The Pancreas Institute, University of Verona Hospital Trust, Verona, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: The association between postoperative serum hyperamylasaemia (POH) and morbidity has been hypothesized but rarely explored once occurring with or without (POH-exclusive) a combined postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF).

Methods: Analysis of patients who consecutively underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy from 2016 to 2020. POH was defined as serum amylase activity greater than the institutional upper limit of normal (52 U/L), persisting within the first 48 hours postoperatively (postoperative day [POD] 1 and 2). Read More

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COVID-19 and Serum Amylase and Lipase Levels.

Indian J Surg 2022 May 11:1-4. Epub 2022 May 11.

Department of General Surgery, Hinduhridaysamrat Balasaheb, Thackeray Medical College and Dr. Rustom Narsi Cooper Municipal General Hospital, Mumbai, India.

Blood levels of amylase and lipase are the result of a balance between production and clearance of these enzymes. Normal blood level of amylase and lipase is 0-90 U/L and 0-70 U/L, respectively. Rise in blood levels of lipase and amylase was observed in pancreatic injury. Read More

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Hyperamylasemia grade versus drain fluid amylase: which better predicts pancreatectomy outcomes?

HPB (Oxford) 2022 Jan 3. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The clinical importance of postoperative hyperamylasemia (POHA) grade is unknown. Our objectives were to evaluate the association of POHA grade with clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) and compare its prognostic utility against postoperative day 1 drain fluid amylase (DFA-1).

Methods: Patients who underwent pancreatectomy from January 2019 through March 2020 were identified in the ACS NSQIP pancreatectomy-targeted dataset. Read More

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January 2022

Classification and clinical features of adverse drug reactions in patients with ulcerative colitis treated with 5-aminosalicylate acid: a single-center, observational study.

Scand J Gastroenterol 2022 Feb 9;57(2):190-196. Epub 2021 Nov 9.

Department of Gastroenterology, Toyonaka Municipal Hospital, Toyonaka, Japan.

Background: 5-Aminosalicylate acid (5-ASA) is a crucial drug for ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. 5-ASA has several side effects. However, the types of side effects vary and are sometimes severe. Read More

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February 2022

Serum amylase elevation is associated with adverse clinical outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 10 29;13(20):23442-23458. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

Hepatic Surgery Center, and Hubei Key Laboratory of Hepato-Pancreatic-Biliary Diseases, National Medical Center for Major Public Events, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China.

Objective: Hyperamylasemia was found in a group of patients with COVID-19 during hospitalization. However, the evolution and the clinical significance of hyperamylasemia in COVID-19, is not well characterized.

Design: In this retrospective cohort study, the epidemiological, demographic, laboratory, treatment and outcome information of 1,515 COVID-19 patients with available longitudinal amylase records collected from electronic medical system were analyzed to assess the prevalence and clinical significance of hyperamylasemia in this infection. Read More

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October 2021

Digital Cholangioscopy-assisted Nonradiation Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography for Retrieval of Common Bile Duct Stone.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2021 Oct 14;32(2):203-208. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: The use of nonradiation endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (NR-ERCP) for choledocholithiasis is still limited. Hereby, we introduced our experience of digital cholangioscopy (DCS)-assisted NR-ERCP for retrieval of common bile duct stones.

Methods: Altogether, data of 132 patients who underwent DCS-assisted NR-ERCP for choledocholithiasis were collected. Read More

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October 2021

Postpancreatectomy Acute Pancreatitis (PPAP): Definition and Grading From the International Study Group for Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS).

Ann Surg 2022 Apr;275(4):663-672

Department of Surgery, AGIA OLGA Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Objective: The ISGPS aimed to develop a universally accepted definition for PPAP for standardized reporting and outcome comparison.

Background: PPAP is an increasingly recognized complication after partial pancreatic resections, but its incidence and clinical impact, and even its existence are variable because an internationally accepted consensus definition and grading system are lacking.

Methods: The ISGPS developed a consensus definition and grading of PPAP with its members after an evidence review and after a series of discussions and multiple revisions from April 2020 to May 2021. Read More

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Variations of plasma levels of insulin, glucagon, amylase and glucose and histopathological lesions of pancreatic tissue after complete elimination of exocrine pancreatic function with surgical ligation versus prolamine occlusion.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 ;92:441-451

Objective: Pancreaticoduodenectomy has been established as the treatment of choice for the management of benign and malignant lesions of the pancreatic head, and pancreaticojejunal or pancreaticogastric anastomosis seems to be the safer choice for the management of the pancreatic duct. However, in certain seldom, but still existing circumstances, pancreatic duct ligation or occlusion with a chemical substance is a valuable and viable alternative. The aim of the current study is to compare these two methods of occlusion of the pancreatic duct regarding the endocrine and exocrine function of the pancreas and its histopathology. Read More

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September 2021

Post-Irradiation Hyperamylasemia Is a Prognostic Marker for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Outcomes in Pediatric Population: A Retrospective Single-Centre Cohort Analysis.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 26;10(17). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health-IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, via dell'Istria 65/1, 34137 Trieste, Italy.

Background: Total body irradiation (TBI) is a mandatory step for patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). In the past, amylases have been reported to be a possible sign of TBI toxicity. We investigated the relationship between total amylases (TA) and transplant-related outcomes in pediatric recipients. Read More

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Early postoperative serum hyperamylasemia: Harbinger of morbidity hiding in plain sight?

Surgery 2022 02 21;171(2):469-475. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/Nzyromski.

Background: The clinical significance of postoperative serum pancreatic enzyme elevation after pancreatoduodenectomy is understudied. We hypothesized that elevation in serum enzymes predicts morbidity and mortality after pancreatoduodenectomy.

Methods: Retrospective review of 677 patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy at a single institution from 2013 to 2019. Read More

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February 2022

Pembrolizumab-induced autoimmune side effects of colon and pancreas in a patient with lung cancer.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Dec 20;14(6):1692-1699. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Faculty of Medical Sciences, Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Fukui, 23-3 Matsuoka Shimoaizuki, Eiheiji-cho, Yoshida-gun, Fukui, 910-1193, Japan.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have been shown to be effective for treating many carcinomas. However, the activated immune response may lead to the development of multiple immune-related adverse events, including rare immune-mediated inflammation due to autoimmune mechanisms. An 82-year-old man was diagnosed with large cell lung cancer (T1aN3M1 stage IVB) and was treated with inhibitors of the programmed cell death receptor-1, pembrolizumab. Read More

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December 2021

Radiation-free digital cholangioscopy-guided laser lithotripsy for large common bile duct stones: feasibility and technical notes.

Surg Endosc 2021 11 13;35(11):6390-6395. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, Zhongda Hospital, School of Medicine, Southeast University, 87 Dingjiaqiao Road, Nanjing, 210009, People's Republic of China.

Aims: Although endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for large common bile duct (CBD) stones is facilitated by digital cholangioscopy-guided lithotripsy, it is performed by fluoroscopy guidance. Here, we report our experience of non-radiation ERCP for large CBD stones using digital cholangioscopy-guided laser lithotripsy.

Methods: Sixteen patients with large CBD stones underwent non-radiation digital cholangioscopy-guided laser lithotripsy and lithotomy. Read More

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November 2021

Clinical observation of octreotide combined with diclofenac sodium in preventing ERCP-related pancreatitis.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(6):7179-7185. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Nanhua Hospital, Nanhua University Hengyang, Hunan Province, China.

Objective: To elucidate the efficacy of octreotide in combination with diclofenac sodium in the prevention of ERCP-related pancreatitis, and investigate its impact on patients' serum amylase, white blood cell (WBC) count, adverse effects, hyperamylasemia and hemorheology.

Methods: The prospective study was conducted, in which 124 patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in our hospital were evenly divided into 2 groups, the observation group (n=62) and the control group (n=62), via a random number table method. The control group was administered diclofenac sodium lidocaine hydrochloride via injection after ERCP, while the observation group was given octreotide acetate on the basis of the control group. Read More

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Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia in Infants: Is There Still a Role for ERCP?

Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 24;2021:9969825. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Charles University in Prague, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Motol in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Over a twenty-year period, we performed 255 ERCP procedures in infants aged up to 1 year. ERCP was indicated in cholestatic infants with suspicion of biliary obstruction. The most common diagnosis was biliary atresia (48%), choledochal cysts (13%), and choledocholithiasis (4%). Read More

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October 2021

Primary Needle-Knife Sphincterotomy for Biliary Access in Patients at High Risk of Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Pancreatitis.

Gastroenterol Res Pract 2021 18;2021:6662000. Epub 2021 May 18.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University Hospital, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Methods: Forty patients with one or more risk factors for PEP were prospectively enrolled between June 2018 and November 2019. The cannulation was conducted in all patients using NKS as the primary cannulation technique. Success rate of biliary cannulation, biliary cannulation time, and adverse event rate were assessed. Read More

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Effect of Adding Intravenous Somatostatin to Rectal Indomethacin on Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) Pancreatitis in High-risk Patients: A Double-blind Randomized Placebo-controlled Clinical Trial.

J Clin Gastroenterol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Infectious Diseases Research Center Golestan Rheumatology Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences Clinical Research Development Unit (CRDU), Sayyad-e-Shirazi Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan Cancer Control Research Center, Cancer Control Foundation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has an important role in the treatment of pancreaticobiliary disorders.

Goals: Considering the high prevalence and importance of postendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis (PEP) and the controversial findings, we aimed to determine the effect of adding intravenous somatostatin to rectal indomethacin on the incidence of PEP in high-risk patients.

Study: In this prospective study, 530 patients underwent ERCP during March 2018 and February 2019. Read More

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Aggressive hydration with lactated ringer solution in prevention of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25598

Department of Emergency Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Dalian University, Dalian, China.

Background: Acute pancreatitis is the most common complication of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). There was no conclusion on the prevention of Post-ERCP Pancreatitis (PEP) by Lactated Ringer Solution.

Aim: The purpose of this meta analyses is to determine whether aggressive hydration with Lactated Ringer Solution reduced the incidence of PEP. Read More

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Hyperamylasemia of Abnormally Elevated Serum Amylase: Macroamylasemia in a Healthy Individual.

Clin Lab 2021 Apr;67(4)

Background: Serum amylase is secreted by salivary glands and pancreas and is used for the diagnosis of pancreatic and parotid diseases. A number of factors can elevate the level of serum amylase including pancreatic diseases, salivary disease, gastrointestinal diseases, liver diseases, gynecologic disease, cholecystitis, peritonitis, renal failure, and drug induced.

Methods: We reported a case with abnormally elevated serum amylase, namely hyperamylasemia. Read More

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A grey zone of hyperamylasemia following endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: follow-up and differential diagnosis from acute pancreatitis.

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2021 Mar 18;16(1):38-44. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of General Surgery, Istanbul Haseki Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a tool often used for treating and diagnosing pancreaticobiliary diseases. One of the important complications of ERCP is pancreatitis. Even though transient hyperamylasemia is a more common and benign situation, it must be distinguished from post-ERCP pancreatitis. Read More

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Utility and safety of a new uneven double-lumen sphincterotome in cases of difficult biliary cannulation.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Mar 4;21(1):102. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Medicine, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta Tsukinowa, Otsu, 520-2192, Japan.

Background: We investigated the utility and safety of a new uneven double-lumen sphincterotome in biliary cannulation in comparison with the conventional pancreatic guidewire (PGW) method.

Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 119 patients who required PGW placement because of difficult biliary cannulation. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) was performed using a conventional ERCP catheter or a new uneven double-lumen sphincterotome. Read More

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Extra-pulmonary complications of 45 critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Yichang, Hubei province, China: A single-centered, retrospective, observation study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(9):e24604

Department of Critical Care Medicine, The People's Hospital of China Three Gorges University, The First People's Hospital of Yichang.

Abstract: Mortality of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was high. Aims to examine whether time from symptoms onset to intensive care unit (ICU) admission affects incidence of extra-pulmonary complications and prognosis in order to provide a new insight for reducing the mortality. A single-centered, retrospective, observational study investigated 45 critically ill patients with COVID-19 hospitalized in ICU of The Third People's Hospital of Yichang from January 17 to March 29, 2020. Read More

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Preventive and therapeutic significance of octreotide combined with lansoprazole on post-ERCP pancreatitis and its effect on serum amylase, inflammatory factors and immune function.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Mar 22;21(3):251. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Endoscopy Center, Shaoxing People's Hospital (Shaoxing Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine), Shaoxing, Zhejiang 312000, P.R. China.

The study aimed to investigate the preventive and therapeutic significance of octreotide combined with lansoprazole on post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) and its effects on serum amylase (AMS), inflammatory factors and immune function. A total of 132 patients who underwent ERCP in Shaoxing People's Hospital (Shaoxing, China) were enrolled in the study and allocated into two groups: The study group (octreotide plus lansoprazole, 68 cases) and the control group (octreotide alone, 64 cases). The incidence of PEP and post-ERCP hyperamylasemia (PEH), the concentrations of serum AMS, interleukin-17 (IL-17) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), as well as the T-lymphocyte population in peripheral blood were detected. Read More

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Postoperative acute pancreatitis is a serious but rare complication after distal pancreatectomy.

HPB (Oxford) 2021 09 13;23(9):1339-1348. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: The clinical relevance of hyperamylasemia after distal pancreatectomy (DP) remains unclear and no internationally accepted definition of postoperative acute pancreatitis (POAP) exists. The aim of this study was to characterize POAP after DP and to assess the role of serum amylase (SA) in POAP.

Methods: Outcomes of 641 patients who had undergone DP between 2015 and 2019 were analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

[Effect of pancreatic stent combined with somatostatin on the prevention of acute pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jan;101(4):276-279

Cholelithiasis Center, Shanghai East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China.

To explore whether the use of pancreatic stent combined with somatostatin can produce the synergistic effect of preventing acute pancreatitis (AP) and hyperamylasemia (HP) after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). From January 2019 to December 2019, the clinical data of 325 patients with ERCP were analyzed retrospectively in cholelithic center of Shanghai East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University. According to the different methods of AP prevention, the patients were divided into the observation group (pancreatic stent and somatostatin) and the control group (pancreatic stent) and the incidence of AP and HP were compared. Read More

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January 2021

Donor risk factors in pancreas transplantation.

World J Transplant 2020 Dec;10(12):372-380

Department of General & Gastrointestinal Surgery, Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca 37007, Spain.

The aim of the work was to analyze and expose the donor and recipient risk factors in pancreas transplantation. In the following paper, we exposed the 2018 Spanish Consensus Document on Donor and Recipient Selection Criteria for Pancreas Transplantation. An assessment of the previous Selection Criteria for Donors and Recipients of Pancreas Transplantation, published in 2005 by the Spanish Pancreas Transplant Group (GETP) and the National Transplant Organization (ONT) was performed. Read More

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December 2020

Asymptomatic Hyperamylasemia in Stevens-Johnson Syndrome Is Associated with Intestinal Barrier Dysfunction.

Biomed Res Int 2020 17;2020:3531907. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Digestive Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, China.

Methods: A retrospective study on SJS patients was conducted at a tertiary medical center. All patients diagnosed as SJS, with available serum amylase index, were included. Clinical data of all subjects were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Read More

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Image-Guided Surgery for Common Bile Duct Stones After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 Feb 11;31(2):176-182. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Percutaneous Surgery, DAICIM Foundation (Teaching, Research, Assistance in Minimal Invasive Surgery), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

The relationship between obesity with common bile duct stone (CBDS) is close and increases after a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Due to the anatomical modification, direct endoscopic access is not always possible. For this reason, image-guided surgery (IGS) by percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) of the common bile duct (CBD) could be a first-line approach for the treatment of post-RYGB choledocholithiasis. Read More

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February 2021