471 results match your criteria Hydronephrosis and Hydroureter

A Fetus with Imperforate Anus Developing Pulmonary Hypoplasia Triggered by Transient Urethral Obstruction.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 13;2021:9950578. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.

Pulmonary hypoplasia is a rare entity in a fetus with imperforate anus. The fetus was diagnosed with high-type imperforate anus with rectourethral fistula based on the dilated fetal bowel and the presence of bowel calcification at 19 weeks of gestation. As gestation advanced, fetal ultrasonography demonstrated development of pulmonary hypoplasia, progressive bowel dilation, and persistent oligohydramnios from 28 weeks of gestation despite a fluid-filled bladder without hydroureter or hydronephrosis. Read More

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Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in children (Review).

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 11;22(1):746. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Genetics, 'George Emil Palade' University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Sciences and Technology, 540142 Târgu Mureş, Romania.

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is characterized by impaired urinary concentrating ability, despite normal or elevated plasma concentrations of the antidiuretic hormone, arginine vasopressin (AVP). NDI can be inherited or acquired. NDI can result from genetic abnormalities, such as mutations in the vasopressin V2 receptor () or the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) water channel, or acquired causes, such as chronic lithium therapy. Read More

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Right ureteric reconstruction with vascularised interpositional appendix graft in retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma.

Med J Malaysia 2021 May;76(3):432-435

Sarawak General Hospital, Department of Surgery, Sarawak, Malaysia.

We present here a case of a 66-year-old lady who was diagnosed with right iliac fossa retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma at Hospital Umum Sarawak. The challenge in this case was the extension of tumour with the involvement of her right ureter causing proximal hydroureter and hydronephrosis. After resection of tumour en-block with the involved segment of ureter, it was not possible to repair the ureteric defect directly. Read More

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Retroperitoneal fibrosis as a postoperative complication following renal transplantation in cats.

J Feline Med Surg 2021 May 21:1098612X211018976. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this report was to describe the clinical signs, diagnostic imaging findings, surgical management, histopathological findings, outcome and possible risk factors for cats that developed retroperitoneal fibrosis (RPF) following renal transplantation.

Methods: Medical records of cats that underwent renal transplantation and developed clinically significant RPF between 1995 and 2019 were reviewed.

Results: Eighty-one cats underwent 83 renal transplantations. Read More

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Unilateral Urogenital Disontogeny in a Dog.

Case Rep Vet Med 2021 13;2021:8831551. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine, University of Camerino, via Circonvallazione, 93, 62024 Matelica, Italy.

The purpose of this report was to describe an uncommon congenital anomaly in a dog. An 8-year-old, mixed-breed, male dog, was referred because of progressive difficulties on defecation. A complete diagnostic work-up (hematological analysis, radiology, ultrasound, and computed tomography), followed by surgery and histopathology, allowed us to diagnose the condition as unilateral urogenital disontogeny. Read More

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An Unusual Case of Complicated Urinary Tract Infection: Emphysematous Cystitis.

Cureus 2021 Feb 27;13(2):e13590. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Medicine, Coliseum Medical Centers, Macon, USA.

Emphysematous cystitis (EC) is a rare disease of the urinary bladder, caused by gas-forming bacteria, which can become life-threatening without appropriate evaluation. This report describes the case of a 77-year-old male with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus type II, who presented with suprapubic pain associated with frequency, urgency, dysuria, and gross hematuria involving the passage of clots. A review of systems was negative for weight changes, history of malignancy, urolithiasis, exposure to industrial chemicals, history of gastrointestinal tract disease, radiation therapy, and trauma. Read More

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February 2021

Surgical treatment of retroiliac ectopic ureters with secondary hydronephrosis and hydroureter in a dog.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 Apr;258(7):740-747

Case Description: An 8-month-old 41.2-kg (90.6-lb) sexually intact male Dogue de Bordeaux with urinary incontinence and signs of nausea was referred for further evaluation and treatment of bilateral hydronephrosis, hydroureter, and ectopic ureters. Read More

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Case report: The theory of post-ileocystoplasty spherical configuration in patients with low-capacity bladder.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 5;81:105731. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara - Haji Adam Malik General Hospital Medan, Jl. Bunga Lau No.17, Kemenangan Tani, Kec. Medan Tuntungan, Kota Medan, Sumatera Utara, 20136, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Introduction: Bladder augmentation can be performed by detubularization of the small or large intestine. A large capacity bladder is necessary to avoid frequent urination; thus, the ileal sac must be able to store the maximum volume of urine with relatively low pressure and the shortest length of the intestine. The acceptable pressure capacity should always be under ureteric pressure to avoid back pressure and kidney damage. Read More

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Pelvic Actinomycosis.

QJM 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, SJH, Dublin.

Background: Actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease caused by Actinobacteria. It has a wide spectrum of presenting symptoms depending on anatomical location and can occasionally mimic pelvic malignancy and cause diagnostic difficulty.

Case: A female in her seventies presented with altered bowel habit, anorexia and abdominal discomfort with a history of diverticulosis. Read More

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A case of congenital ureteral atresia causing rare upper and lower urinary tract manifestations in a puppy: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Feb 9;17(1):73. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine, Virginia Tech University, Virginia, Blacksburg, USA.

Background: Ureteral atresia is the congenital absence of a ureteral opening, resulting in a blind-ended ureter that fails to terminate at the urinary bladder. Consequently, severe hydroureter and hydronephrosis occur ipsilateral to the atresic ureter. However, hydronephrosis contralateral to severe hydroureter, although reported in humans, is not documented in the dog. Read More

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February 2021

Minimal renal pelvis dilation in cats diagnosed with benign ureteral obstruction by antegrade pyelography: a retrospective study of 82 cases (2012-2018).

J Feline Med Surg 2021 Jan 27:1098612X20983980. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vétérinaire (CHUV), Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to describe renal pelvis (RP) and ureteral ultrasonographic measurements in a population of cats with confirmed benign ureteral obstruction (UO) by antegrade pyelography. The secondary objective was to further describe clinical findings associated with minimally dilated obstructed kidneys in an attempt to better understand its occurrence.

Methods: Retrospective case series of cats diagnosed with benign UO were confirmed by antegrade pyelography. Read More

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January 2021

Vaginal reconstruction using ileum segment and posterior sagittal anorectoplasty in a patient with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome with anorectal malformations: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Feb 5;79:76-83. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Vaginal agenesis with anorectal malformations is a complex pediatric condition that adversely affects various physiological processes in the body. It may cause disturbances in defecation and urination, abnormalities in the urinary and gastrointestinal tract, dysfunction of the genital and reproductive organs, and sexual function disorders. The complexity in the surgical management of vaginal agenesis includes the selection of a functional reconstruction technique for anal and vaginal formation, timing of the reconstruction, and management of complications in the associated organ system. Read More

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February 2021

[Analysis of AVPR2 variant in a neonate with congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2020 Dec;37(12):1376-1379

Department of Neonatology, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310052, China.

Objective: To detect potential variant in a male neonate affected with congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI).

Methods: Clinical data of the patient was collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the child and his parents. Read More

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December 2020

Urinary Retention in a Patient With an Artificial Urinary Sphincter: A Case Report of a Rare Cause of Urinary Retention.

Cureus 2020 Oct 30;12(10):e11259. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Emergency Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, USA.

Urinary retention is the inability to spontaneously void with lower abdominal or suprapubic pain caused by infection, trauma, obstruction, medications, or neurological etiologies. Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a urological emergency often seen in males presenting to the emergency department (ED). AUR is frequently seen in men over the age of 60 and approximately one-third of men over the age of 80. Read More

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October 2020

A Case of Left Duplex Kidney with Hydronephrosis Mimicking a Left Renal Cyst in a 29-Year-Old Woman.

Am J Case Rep 2020 Nov 22;21:e927430. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Cathay General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

BACKGROUND Duplex kidney, also known as duplex renal collecting system, consists of 2 ureters arising from a single kidney and is a common congenital anomaly. The condition is usually an asymptomatic normal variant. However, abnormal anatomic variants such as hydronephrosis, vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), and ureterocele are sometimes observed in a patient with a duplicated kidney. Read More

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November 2020

ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Antenatal Hydronephrosis-Infant.

J Am Coll Radiol 2020 Nov;17(11S):S367-S379

Specialty Chair, Riley Hospital for Children Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana.

Antenatal hydronephrosis is the most frequent urinary tract anomaly detected on prenatal ultrasonography. It occurs approximately twice as often in males as in females. Most antenatal hydronephrosis is transient with little long-term significance, and few children with antenatal hydronephrosis will have significant obstruction, develop symptoms or complications, and require surgery. Read More

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November 2020

Robotic myomectomy for a non-pregnant reproductive age woman with severe acute urinary retention: A case report.

Urol Case Rep 2020 Nov 21;33:101423. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Bunda General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Urinary retention in non-pregnant reproductive age women is a very rare condition. Hereby, we reported a rare case of acute urinary retention in a non-pregnant reproductive-age woman with hydronephrosis and hydroureter due to a large fibroid. The fibroid had resulted in constant pressure to the urethral sphincter, which causes urinary retention. Read More

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November 2020

Symptomatic inguinal bladder hernia causes post-renal acute kidney injury: A rare case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2020 Nov 28;59:153-155. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Medicine, Jersey Shore University Medical Center, Neptune, NJ, 07753, USA.

Introduction: Inguinal bladder hernia (IBH) is a rare condition representing less than 5% of all inguinal hernias. Most cases occur in elderly overweight men. Patients may present with variable symptoms such as urinary symptoms, inguinal swelling, or pain; however, most of them are asymptomatic and only less than 7% are diagnosed pre-operatively. Read More

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November 2020

Ureteroiliac artery fistula caused by full-length metallic ureteral stenting in a malignant ureteral obstruction: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2020 Oct 19;14(1):195. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Urology, Kagawa University Faculty of Medicine, 1750-1 Ikenobe, Miki-cho. Kita-gun, Kagawa, 761-0793, Japan.

Background: The metallic stent is a new device for relieving the urinary tract in patients with malignant ureteral obstruction with short life expectancy and has been used frequently worldwide for its efficacy and safety. A ureteroarterial fistula with indwelling ureteral stent is rare but highly fatal, and there are several reports of ureteroarterial fistula treated by conventional polymer stents, although there are no reports on metallic stents. To our knowledge, this paper describes the first case of a ureteroiliac artery fistula caused by a full-length metallic ureteral stent in malignant ureteral obstruction. Read More

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October 2020

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome with rare findings of inferior crossed-fused renal ectopia and Gartner's duct cyst: a video case report.

Fertil Steril 2021 Feb 14;115(2):525-527. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To describe the treatments of a patient using the laparoscopic Davydov's method for Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and ureteral reimplantation for hydronephrosis and hydroureter.

Design: Surgical video article. A consent form from the patient was obtained as appropriate; the nature of the study did not necessitate ethics committee approval. Read More

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February 2021

Prenatal Diagnosis and Findings in Ureteropelvic Junction Type Hydronephrosis.

Front Pediatr 2020 4;8:492. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Division of Perinatology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The widespread use of obstetric ultrasonography has increased the detection rate of antenatal hydronephrosis. Although most cases of antenatal hydronephrosis are transient, one third persists and becomes clinically important. Ultrasound has made differential diagnosis possible to some extent. Read More

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September 2020

Feline abdominal ultrasonography: What's normal? What's abnormal? Renal pelvis, ureters and urinary bladder.

Sally Griffin

J Feline Med Surg 2020 09;22(9):847-865

Radiology Department, Willows Veterinary Centre and Referral Service, Highlands Road, Shirley, Solihull B90 4NH, UK.

Practical Relevance: Abdominal ultrasound plays a vital role in the diagnostic work-up of many cats presenting to general and specialist practitioners. Ultrasound examination of the urinary tract provides important information useful in the investigation of several conditions including ureteral obstruction and cystitis.

Clinical Challenges: Despite ultrasonography being a commonly used modality, many practitioners are not comfortable performing an ultrasound examination or interpreting the resulting images. Read More

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September 2020

Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor of the Urinary Bladder and Ureter in Children: Experience of a Tertiary Referral Center.

Urology 2020 Nov 8;145:229-235. Epub 2020 Aug 8.

Department of Urology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To present the clinicopathological characteristics and outcome of children with bladder and ureteral inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMTs) in our center.

Methods: We reviewed the medical records of patients with bladder and ureteral IMTs from 2010 to 2018. We recorded patients' demographic data, presentation, hemoglobin level, presence of hydronephrosis, tumor size, treatment, and outcomes. Read More

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November 2020

Placement of ureteral stents in three rabbits for the treatment of obstructive ureterolithiasis.

J Small Anim Pract 2020 Aug 7. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte, St-Hyacinthe, Quebec, J2S 2M2, Canada.

Management of ureteral obstruction with stenting is often associated with a lower rate of complications than ureterotomy in domestic carnivores, but this treatment has not been previously evaluated in rabbits. Three rabbits (7, 6 and 10 years old) were diagnosed with unilateral obstructive ureterolithiasis associated with hydronephrosis and hydroureter on abdominal ultrasound. Decreased overall renal function was confirmed in all three cases. Read More

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Ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade pyelography for suspected ureteral obstruction in 6 pet guinea pigs ().

Vet Q 2020 Dec;40(1):198-204

Interdepartmental Centre of Veterinary Radiology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Objectives: To describe the feasibility and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous antegrade pyelography (US-PAP) in pet guinea pigs () with suspected ureteral obstruction.

Materials And Methods: Six adult pet guinea pigs (4 females and 2 males, all intact) were evaluated for suspected ureteral obstruction. The mean weight of the guinea pigs was 0. Read More

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December 2020

Fibroepithelial Polyp in a Child: A Rare Pathology of Upper Urinary Tract Obstruction.

Cureus 2020 Jun 21;12(6):e8748. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Surgery, Salmaniya Medical Complex, Manama, BHR.

Fibroepithelial polyp is a rare benign tumor of the urothelial system that originates from the mesoderm. Polyps are usually small and located in the upper urinary tract and ureteropelvic junction. However, in the pediatric population, such polyps are more common in the posterior urethra and will present with symptoms of urinary tract obstruction. Read More

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Unilateral Nonconfluent Cluster of Micronodules: Atypical Radiologic Appearance of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in an Immunocompetent Patient.

Case Rep Med 2020 30;2020:3708252. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, UiTM Sungai Buloh Campus, Sungai Buloh 47000, Selangor, Malaysia.

Active pulmonary tuberculosis involving the lung parenchyma is typically seen on CT as consolidation, centrilobular nodules with tree-in-bud branching, cavitating lesions, and miliary nodules. However, some atypical CT patterns of granulomatous disease including tuberculosis have been recently described, namely, clusters of nodules without confluence or with confluence. We present a case of a patient who was found to have nonconfluent clusters of micronodules in the right lung with negative sputum culture for tuberculosis. Read More

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Complete Erosion of an Aortobifemoral Bypass Graft Limb into Duodenum.

Ann Vasc Surg 2020 Aug 20;67:564.e9-564.e11. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia.

A 67-year-old male with a history of aortobifemoral bypass graft (ABF) for critical limb ischemia 10 months prior at a regional hospital was transferred to our center with 1 week history of rigors and 3 months of a chronic discharging left groin sinus. Two months prior he had a right-sided ureteric stent inserted for ureteric obstruction. Routine bloods revealed an acute-on-chronic renal injury and subsequent noncontrast computed tomography (CT) demonstrated left-sided hydroureter and hydronephrosis suggestive of extrinsic compression by the left bypass graft limb. Read More

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Massive Bilateral Hydroureteronephrosis and End-Stage Renal Disease Ensuing From Chronic Schistosomiasis: A Case Report.

J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep 2020 Jan-Dec;8:2324709620910912

Jakaya Kikwete Cardiac Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Globally, schistosomal infections affect over 200 million people resulting in the loss of 70 million disability-adjusted life years. In the sub-Saharan Africa region, where over 85% of the global schistosomal infections are found, it is estimated that about 120 million people become symptomatic, over 20 million have severe disease, and nearly 200 000 die every year. Renal impairment is a severe consequence of schistosomiasis occurring in about 6% of all infected individuals and in 15% of those with the hepatosplenic form. Read More

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